|Johann Heinrich Zedler publishes the first volume of the large, complete universal lexicon .||
Carlo Ruzzini is
at the age of 79 years
for the Doge of Venice selected.
|Herman Moll dies in London.|
|1732 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1180/81 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1724/25 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1137/38 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2275/76 (southern Buddhism); 2274/75 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||73rd (74th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1094/95 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4065/66 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1144/45 (turn of the year 23/24 June)|
|Jewish calendar||5492/93 (September 19-20)|
|Coptic Calendar||1448/49 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2042/43 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2043/44 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1788/89 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
The Salzburg exiles
In the course of the rétablissement of East Prussia, Prussia's King Friedrich Wilhelm I issued an invitation patent on February 2 to the Protestants expelled from Salzburg , the so-called Salzburg exiles . Between May and August, families of craftsmen and farmers in particular leave the ore monastery of Salzburg in 16 orderly trains . They move to Prussia as a single entity, which is why their journey is much easier than that of the 4,000 to 5,000 maids and servants who had to leave the archbishopric in winter before them. Coming from Szczecin, the first of 66 ships will arrive in Königsberg on May 28th . The first of eleven land transports arrives on August 6th. Most of the people of Salzburg settle in the area of Gumbinnen, which was still depopulated from the Great Plague of 1709 to 1711 . Poor farmers get a hoof here . Craftsmen can pursue their trade in the cities. After the Dutch envoy had promised favorable conditions, around 780 more people, mainly Lutheran miners from the Dürrnberg mine near Hallein and their relatives, set off for the Netherlands on November 30th.
Further events in the empire
- March 23: After the death of Friedrich II , his son Friedrich III follows him . as Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg .
- June 9th: The 70-year-old Philipp Karl von Eltz-Kempenich is unanimously elected Archbishop of Mainz and thus elector at the same time . He succeeds Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg , who died on April 18 .
- July 11th: Theodor Eustach dies. His son Johann Christian Joseph follows him as Count Palatinate and Duke of Pfalz-Sulzbach and Margrave of Bergen op Zoom . He is also the Hereditary Prince of the Electoral Palatinate .
- December 17th: Eight-year-old Johann Nepomuk Karl succeeds his late father Josef Johann Adam as Prince of Liechtenstein . His uncle Josef Wenzel took over the guardianship and regency .
Republic of Venice
- June 2nd: Carlo Ruzzini is elected in the first ballot to succeed Alvise Mocenigo III , who died on May 21st, despite his old age and frailty . elected Doge of Venice .
Other events in Europe
- May 20: Because of the ongoing resistance to his rule, Jacques I appoints his illegitimate brother-in-law Antoine Grimaldi as governor-general of Monaco , while he and his son Honoré withdraw to the French court in Versailles.
- August 16: In a naval battle near Damiette , the Sovereign Order of Malta defeats a squadron of the Ottoman Empire .
- September 13th / 13th December: Austria , Russia and Prussia sign the alliance treaty of the three Black Eagles .
North American colonies
- November 12th: The British adventurer James Oglethorpe goes to Carolina with 120 comrades and forms the Province of Georgia from largely unpopulated areas of the Province of South Carolina .
- August: The Persian Shah Tahmasp II is deposed by his general Nadr Qulī . Instead, Nadr uses Tahmasp's one-year-old son Abbas III. on the throne.
- January 29th: The weekly Hanoverian Intelligence Zettul newspaper and advertisement appears for the first time. It is primarily an advertising paper.
- A bookstore, later called Livraria Bertrand, is founded in Lisbon .
- The printer Johann Jakob Korn founds a publishing house and an associated bookstore in Wroclaw , in which, among other things, scientific works are published.
- The establishment of a pottery and pipe factory on the Steinberg and the Hühnerfeld near Münden formed the basis for the later Münden faience manufacture .
science and technology
- Johann Heinrich Zedler publishes the first volume of the large, complete Universal Lexicon of All Sciences and Arts , the most extensive encyclopedic project of the 18th century. 64 volumes were published by 1754.
- The Collegio dei Cinesi , a college for the study of the Chinese language, is founded in Naples .
- The construction of the Fontana di Trevi begins in Rome according to the plans of the architect Nicola Salvi .
- Martin van Meytens becomes a chamber painter at the imperial court in Vienna.
- December 13th: The anonymously written first issue of the new weekly Then Swänska Argus is available in Stockholm. For the Swedish language, the sheet marks a dividing line between the older and the more recent linguistic usage. The poet Olof von Dalin later turned out to be the editor .
Music and theater
Georg Friedrich Handel in London
- January 15: The opera Ezio by Georg Friedrich Handel based on a libretto by Pietro Metastasio is premiered at King's Theater on London's Haymarket. The work becomes a failure. Despite the support of King George II , who attends all performances except the premiere, the piece is only performed four times and then never played again during Handel's lifetime.
- February 15: Handel's new opera Sosarme, Re di Media , is more successful than its predecessor at its world premiere at King's Theater in London's Haymarket. The libretto is based on the work Dionisio, Re di Portogallo by Antonio Salvi .
- May 23: Georg Friedrich Handel brings the pasticcio Lucio Papirio dittatore to the stage of the King's Theater in London . The original music is by Geminiano Giacomelli and Nicola Porpora , the libretto by Carlo Innocenzo Frugoni based on a literary model by Apostolo Zeno . Almost at the same time there is another production of Zeno's drama in Rome, with music by Giovanni Porta .
- November 4: Another pasticcio of Handel is premiered at the King's Theater with Catone . The libretto is Catone in Utica by Pietro Metastasio , the original music is by Leonardo Leo .
Further world premieres
- January 12th: Cajo Fabrizio , a dramma per musica in three acts by Johann Adolf Hasse with a libretto by Apostolo Zeno has its world premiere at the Teatro Capranica in Rome.
- February 7th: The opera Issipile by Francesco Bartolomeo Conti is premiered at the Hoftheater in Vienna . Pietro Metastasio's libretto had three further premieres in the same year: at Carnival time in the setting by Antonio Bioni at the Theater im Ballhaus in Breslau, on October 1 in the setting by Johann Adolph Hasse at the Teatro San Bartolomeo in Naples and on October 22nd. November at the Teatro San Giovanni Crisostomo in Venice in the setting by Giovanni Porta .
- April 8th: The oratorio La morte d'Abel by Antonio Caldara is premiered at the Hofburgtheater in Vienna . The libretto is by Pietro Metastasio and will be set to music around 40 times over the next few years.
- November 9th: The world premiere of the opera Adriano in Siria by Antonio Caldara on a libretto by Pietro Metastasio takes place at the Court Theater in Vienna.
- January 9th: The newly built Teatru Manoel in Valletta , Malta, opens with a performance of the tragedy Merope by Scipione Maffei .
- January 31: The Teatro Argentina in Rome opens its performances with the opera Berenice by Domenico Sarro .
- December 7th: The Covent Garden Theater in London, built by John Rich , opens with a performance of William Congreve's The Way of the World .
- The later Society of Dilettanti is founded in London .
- around 1732: The bell tower initiated by the industrialist Nikita Demidow is completed in Newjansk . Even during construction it turned out that the building ground was unsuitable for the load of the tower, which is why its axis inclines noticeably .
- November 9th: Alfonso Maria de Liguori founds the Order of the Redemptorists in Scala .
- Johann Conrad Beissel founds the Ephrata Cloister in Pennsylvania .
- The earthquake Stele Forest from Xichang reported by an earthquake in the district of Liangshan in Sichuan .
nature and environment
- May 17: Hamburg captain Jacob Jacobsen Laab observes an eruption of the Beerenberg volcano on the island of Jan Mayen , of which Hamburg mayor Johann Anderson in his book News from Iceland, Greenland and the Davis Strait, for the true benefit of science and action reported in 1746.
Historical maps and views
January to April
- Julie Bondeli , Swiss Salonnière († 1778) January 1:
- Johann Friedrich von Ryhiner , Swiss statesman and geographer († 1803) January 1:
- František Xaver Brixi , Bohemian composer, organist and conductor († 1771) January 2:
- Michael Johann von Wallis , Austrian Field Marshal and President of the Court War Council († 1798) January 4th:
- Matija Antun Relković , Croatian writer († 1798) January 6:
- January 11: Peter Forsskål , Swedish / Finnish naturalist and orientalist († 1763)
- January 17: Stanisław August Poniatowski , King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania († 1798)
- January 20: Richard Henry Lee , President of the American Continental Congress († 1794)
- January 21: Friedrich Eugen , Duke of Württemberg († 1797)
- January 23: Friedrich Wilhelm Utsch , Palatinate hereditary forester of the Elector of Mainz (the "Hunters from Electoral Palatinate" sung about in the folk song) († 1795)
- January 24th: Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais , French entrepreneur and writer († 1799)
- January 31: Wilhelm Christoph Diede zum Fürstenstein , Danish diplomat († 1807)
- Franz Sales von Greiner , Austrian civil servant († 1798) February 2:
- Charles Lee , British soldier, General of the Continental Army in the American War of Independence († 1782) February 6:
- Jean-Baptiste Duhamel , French dragoon officer, a key player in the fight against the "Beast of Gévaudan" († after 1789) February 6th:
- February 12: Albrecht von Mülinen , mayor of Bern († 1807)
- February 13: Esther Edwards , British-American diarist, wife of Aaron Burr, Sr. († 1758)
- February 16: Johann Friedrich Burscher , German Lutheran theologian († 1805)
- February 18: Johann Christian Kittel , German composer and organist († 1809)
- February 22nd: Gotthelf Greiner , German glassmaker and founder of porcelain manufacture in Thuringia († 1797)
- February 22: Johann Sigismund Friedrich von Khevenhüller-Metsch , Austrian diplomat († 1801)
- February 22: George Washington , Commander in Chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War and first President of the United States of America († 1799)
- February 23: Elisabeth Sulzer , Winterthur patrician († 1797)
- February: Charles Churchill , English poet († 1764)
- William Cushing , American lawyer and politician († 1810) March 1:
- March 12: Joseph Gärtner , German doctor and botanist († 1791)
- March 16: Emanuel Merian , Swiss Protestant clergyman († 1818)
- March 23: Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon , Princess of France and Navarre († 1800)
- March 31/1. April: Joseph Haydn , Austrian composer († 1809)
- Jean-Honoré Fragonard , French painter, draftsman and etcher († 1806) April 5:
- Johann Friedrich Tiede , German Protestant theologian († 1795) April 9:
- April 13: Frederick North , British Prime Minister († 1792)
- April 17th: Ulrike Eleonore von Hessen-Philippsthal , paraged Landgrave of Hessen-Philippsthal († 1795)
- before April 18: George Colman the Elder , English writer († 1794)
May to August
- May 14: Samuel Livermore , American politician († 1803)
- May 19: Johann Christoph von Woellner , Prussian pastor and statesman († 1800)
- May 21: Friedrich von Anhalt , Count of Anhalt († 1794)
- May 31: Hieronymus von Colloredo , Bishop of Gurk and Prince Archbishop of Salzburg († 1812)
- June 13: Luigi Lanzi , Italian historian († 1810)
- June 21: Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach , German musician and composer († 1795)
- Even Hammer , Norwegian economist († 1800) July 1:
- Clemens August von Merle , auxiliary bishop in Cologne († 1810) July 4th:
- Maria Anna von Fürstenberg , Abbess of Fröndenberg Monastery († 1788) July 8:
- July 10: Helene Amalie Krupp , German businesswoman († 1810)
- July 21: Amalie von Sachsen-Hildburghausen , Princess of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein zu Oehringen († 1799)
- July 24: Johann Georg Bechtold , German philosopher, literary scholar, rhetorician and Protestant theologian († 1805)
- Johann Christoph Adelung , German librarian, lexicographer and Germanist († 1806) August 8:
- August 11: Georg Christoph Schwarz , German Catholic clergyman and university professor († 1792)
- August 15: Maria Coventry, Countess of Coventry , British aristocrat († 1760)
- August 30: Elisabeth Friederike Sophie of Brandenburg-Bayreuth , Duchess of Württemberg († 1780)
September to December
- Joseph Anton Pozzi , Swiss plasterer († 1811) September 4:
- September 16: Johannes Schuback , German businessman († 1817)
- September 30: Jacques Necker , Swiss banker and finance minister of France († 1804)
- Joseph Leitgeb , Austrian horn player († 1811) October 6:
- October 11: Heinrich Friedrich Innocenz Apel , Saxon lawyer and mayor of Leipzig († 1802)
- October 11: Raphaël Bienvenu Sabatier , French medic († 1811)
- October 14: Johann Christoph Martini , German Protestant clergyman and church historian († 1804)
- October 26: Francesco Sozzi , Sicilian painter († 1795)
- October 28: Giuseppe Aprile , Italian opera singer and castrato († 1813)
- Georg Ludwig Alefeld , German medic and physicist († 1774) November 1:
- John Dickinson , American politician († 1808) November 2:
- Thomas Johnson , American lawyer and politician († 1819) November 4:
- Franz Ignaz Seuffert , German organ builder († 1810) November 9th:
- November 10: Julie de Lespinasse , French salonnière († 1776)
- November 12: Johann Gottlieb Lessing , German educator († 1808)
- before November 23: Jean Preudhomme , Swiss painter († 1795)
- November 28: Friedrich Ludwig Aster , Electoral Saxon officer († 1804)
- Warren Hastings , British politician, Governor General of the British East Indies († 1818) December 6:
- December 13: Elisabetha Dorothea Kodweiß , German landlady, mother of Friedrich Schiller († 1802)
- December 15: Carl Gotthard Langhans , Prussian builder and architect († 1808)
- December 23: Richard Arkwright , British industrialist and inventor († 1792)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Naonobu Ajima , Japanese mathematician († 1798)
- John Blair , American lawyer and politician († 1800)
- François-Henri Clicquot , French organ builder († 1790)
- Thomas Collins , American politician († 1789)
- Ezekiel Cornell , American politician († 1800)
- John Hunter , American politician († 1802)
Born around 1732
- William Smallwood , American politician († 1792)
- 1732/33: Joseph von Sonnenfels , Austrian writer and administrative reformer († 1817)
First half of the year
- Nicolo Grimaldi . Gen Nicolino , Neapolitan singer (* 1673) January 1:
- Michael Heinrich Reinhard , German Evangelical Lutheran theologian (* 1676) January 1:
- Peter Hohmann , merchant and councilor in Leipzig (* 1663) January 2:
- January 14: Ubaldo Ricci , Italian painter (* 1669)
- January 22nd: Marie Thérèse de Bourbon-Condé , Princess of Conti (* 1666)
- February 17th: Louis Marchand , French composer, organist and harpsichordist (* 1669)
- February 20: Balthasar Permoser , sculptor from Salzburg (* 1651)
- February 22nd: Francis Atterbury , English Bishop of Rochester (* 1663)
- February 26: Giacomo Serpotta , Sicilian sculptor (* 1656)
- Giuseppe Antonio Bernabei , Italian organist, composer and conductor (* 1649) March 9th:
- March 23: Friedrich II. , Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (* 1676)
- March 24th: Siegmund Jakob Apinus , German philologist and educator (* 1693)
- March 25: Lucia Filippini , Italian founder of the congregation of sisters Maestre Pie Filippini (* 1672)
- March 26th: Friedrich , Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach (* 1703)
- March 31: Franz Mozart , German sculptor (* 1681)
- Johann Burckhardt Mencke , Saxon publisher and editor (* 1674) April 1:
- Joachim Meier , German writer (* 1661) April 2:
- Johann Jacob Schoy , Austrian sculptor (* 1686) April 4:
- Johann Christian Schieferdecker , German church musician, organist and composer (* 1679) April 5:
- April 18: Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg , Prince-Bishop of Breslau, Archbishop of Trier, Archbishop of Mainz and Bishop of Worms and Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (* 1664)
- April 24: Johann Michael Ludwig Rohrer , Bohemian court architect in Baden (* 1683)
- April 28: Heinrich von Brömbsen , Mayor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck (* 1673)
- Christoph Fürer von Haimendorf , councilor of the imperial city of Nuremberg and poet (* 1663) May 3:
- before May 7th: Franz Matthias Hiernle , German sculptor (* 1677)
- May 12: Christine Luise von Ostfriesland , Countess zu Wied-Runkel (* 1710)
- May 21: Alvise Mocenigo III. , Doge of Venice (* 1662)
- May: Bartolomeo Bernardi , Italian composer and violinist (* around 1660)
- May: John Erskine, 23rd Earl of Mar , Scottish nobleman and the military leader in the First Jacobite Rising (* 1675)
- Benedict Leonard Calvert , British colonial governor of Maryland (* 1700) June 1:
- June 11th: Adam Franz Prince von Schwarzenberg , Bohemian nobleman and Austrian high court marshal (* 1680)
- June 19: Julius Heinrich von Rehlingen-Radau , Augustinian canon and prince provost of Berchtesgaden (* 1662)
- June 24th: Johann Baptist Kral , Austrian stonemason and sculptor (* 1672)
- June 26th: Anton Detlev Jenner , Braunschweig sculptor and carver (* around 1690)
Second half of the year
- Karl Gustav Düker , Swedish Field Marshal, Governor General of Livonia and President of the Swedish War College (* 1663) July 3:
- July 11: Theodor Eustach , Count Palatine and Duke of Sulzbach (* 1659)
- July 15: Woodes Rogers , English privateer, governor of the Bahamas (* 1679)
- after July 16: Pier Francesco Tosi , Italian singer, composer and author of a singing school (* 1654)
- July 20: Francesco Bartolomeo Conti , Italian theorist and composer (* 1681)
- July 29th: Luise von Anhalt-Dessau , Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg (* 1709)
- Henriette Amalie von Friesen , Countess Reuss zu Obergreiz (* 1668) August 2nd:
- Robert "King" Carter , British colonist and planter in Virginia (* 1663) August 4th:
- 23/25 August: Johann Hieronymus von und zum Junge , Imperial Field Marshal (* 1660)
- Christfried Wächtler , German lawyer and polyhistor (* 1652) September 5:
- September 12: Jean Philippe Eugène de Merode-Westerloo , German imperial count and officer (* 1674)
- September 14th: Erdmuthe Benigna Reuss zu Ebersdorf , German Pietist (* 1670)
- September 17: Josef Antonín Planický , Bohemian composer (* 1691)
- September 19: Ogasawara Nagashige , Japanese daimyo (* 1650)
- September 22nd: Herman Moll , English engraver, cartographer and publisher (* 1654)
- September 24th: Reigen , Tennō of Japan (* 1654)
- September 25th: Matthias Dropa , German organ builder (* between 1646 and 1665)
- Christian father , Prussian medic (* 1651) October 6:
- October 13: Johann Amsel , German legal scholar (* 1665)
- October 14: Bogislaw Bodo von Flemming , Brandenburg Lieutenant General (* 1671)
- October 31: Viktor Amadeus II , Duke of Savoy, King of Sicily and Sardinia (* 1666)
- Richard Bradley , English botanist (* probably 1688) November 5th:
- November 22nd: Wenzel Niederwerfer , electoral Evangelical Lutheran. Theologian and clergyman of Bohemian origin, Master of Philosophy (* 1667)
- November 25th: Johann Heinrich von Berger , German lawyer (* 1657)
- John Gay , English writer (* 1685) December 4:
- December 13: Christian Heinrich Aschenbrenner , German composer and violinist (* 1654)
- December 15: Johann Baptist von Garelli , personal physician to three emperors (* 1649)
- December 17th: Josef Johann Adam , Prince of Liechtenstein (* 1690)
- December 17th: Carlo Archinto , Milanese nobleman (* 1670)
- December 22nd: Johann Peter Münch von Münchenstein-Löwenburg , Swiss civil servant (* 1663)
- December 26: Giacomo Amato , Sicilian architect (* 1643)
Exact date of death unknown
- Andrea Belvedere , Italian painter (* 1652)
- Yirmisekiz Mehmed Çelebi , Ottoman envoy and statesman (* around 1670)
- Changchub Dorje , 12th Karmapa of the Karma Kagyu School of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1703)
- Johann Gottfried Frisch , Lower Bavarian sculptor and carpenter
- Jiang Tingxi , Chinese painter and editor of the encyclopedia Gujin tushu jicheng (* 1669)
- Arnold Paole , Serbian Hajduk and alleged vampire