Hann. Münden

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Coat of arms of the city of Hann.  Münden
Hann.  Münden
Germany map, position of the city of Hann.  Münden highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 25 '  N , 9 ° 39'  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Goettingen
Height : 123 m above sea level NHN
Area : 121.12 km 2
Residents: 23,609 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 195 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 34346
Area code : 05541
License plate : , DUD, HMÜ, OHA
Community key : 03 1 59 017
City structure: 11 districts

City administration address :
Lotzestrasse 2
34346 Hann. Münden
Website : www.hann.muenden.de
Mayor : Harald Wegener (Citizens' Forum Hann. Münden)
Location of the city of Hann. Münden in the district of Göttingen
Niedersachsen Staufenberg Hann. Münden Scheden Bühren Niemetal Jühnde Dransfeld Adelebsen Friedland Rosdorf Göttingen Bovenden Gleichen Landolfshausen Seulingen Waake Seeburg Ebergötzen Duderstadt Obernfeld Rollshausen Rüdershausen Rhumspringe Wollershausen Gieboldehausen Wollbrandshausen Bodensee Krebeck Walkenried Bad Sachsa Bad Lauterberg im Harz Herzberg am Harz Herzberg am Harz Herzberg am Harz Hattorf am Harz Hattorf am Harz Wulften am Harz Elbingerode Hörden am Harz Osterode am Harz Bad Grund (Harz) Harz (Landkreis Göttingen) Harz (Landkreis Göttingen) Harz (Landkreis Göttingen) Landkreis Goslar Landkreis Northeim Landkreis Northeim Hessen Thüringen Sachsen-Anhaltmap
About this picture
"Doctor Eisenbarth" figure at the entrance to the village

Hann. Münden (abbreviation of Hannoversch Münden ) is a town and independent municipality in the district of Göttingen , southern Lower Saxony , on the border with Hesse and not far from Thuringia . The core town is a state-approved resort .

The village is located at the confluence of the Werra and Fulda rivers to the Weser . That is why the city is also known as the “Three Rivers City”. The city is also known for the grave of the German craft surgeon and star engraver Johann Andreas Eisenbarth ("Doctor Eisenbarth"), who died while he was stopping off in Münden. Alexander von Humboldt is said to have been impressed by the city's location in the Weser breakthrough valley . However, there are no written records of the often used Humboldt quote that Münden is “one of the seven most beautifully situated cities in the world”.


According to the main statute, the city ​​is called Hann. Münden . This was last stipulated in 2006, and the city is also listed under this name at the Federal Statistical Office .

The city was called Münden until December 31, 1990 . Since January 1, 1991, based on a council resolution, it has been officially known as Hann. Münden . The residents continue to call themselves Mündener .

In the oral language, official representatives of the city both Hann. Münden and Hannoversch Münden are used. National radio and television broadcasters prefer Hannoversch Münden , while regional broadcasters from Hann. Münden is spoken.



Hann. Münden, view of the city center from Tillyschanze
Confluence of the Werra (left) and Fulda (right) to the Weser (front)

Hann. Münden is the southernmost city in Lower Saxony . It lies in a basin at the confluence of the Fulda and Werra rivers to the Weser , which is marked by the Weserstein at Tanzwerder . Both its western and parts of the eastern municipal border coincide with the state border to Hesse . The political municipality lies with its core city and the incorporated villages in the ground and on the slopes of the three river valleys; the only exception is the northeastern district of Mielenhausen . The Mündener Basin was a commercial and political junction in the Middle Ages, where the territory of the Welfen bordered on the areas of Westphalia and Hesse-Thuringia.

The city ​​center with the historic old town is located in the extreme corner of the triangle where the Werra and Fulda meet the Weser. It is located 23 km southwest of the district town of Göttingen and 20 km northeast of the north Hessian city of Kassel . In terms of spatial planning, the city is part of the Hanover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg metropolitan region .

The city lies on the seams of the Kaufunger Wald (up to 643.4  m ) with the Kleiner Steinberg ( 541.9  m ) in the south, Reinhardswald (up to 472.2  m ) with the Gahrenberg ( 472.1  m ) in the west and Bramwald (up to 408.1  m ) with the Blümer Berg ( 320.4  m ) in the north, whose mountain ridges protrude like a nose into the Mündener valley basin. The first-mentioned low mountain range is assigned to the north of the East Hessian mountains and the last two mountain ranges to the Weserbergland . Parts of the Münden Nature Park are located on the Kaufunger Wald and Bramwald .

The Eselsbach, coming from the Kaufunger Wald, flows into the landscape-defining rivers at the Floßplatz in the Fulda , the Ilksbach at the last Heller into the Werra , the waters from the Bramwald, Schede (opposite Hilwartshausen ) and Nieme (near Bursfelde ) into the Weser.

Geographical data of the city of Hann. Münden - sorted according to heights in meters (m) above mean sea ​​level:

  • Highest point: Kleiner Steinberg ( 541.9  m )
  • Highest residential development: Am Schäferhof ( 275  m )
  • City center: St. Blasius Church ( 123  m )
  • Lowest point: Weser pier Bursfelde ( 110  m )

City structure

Since the municipal territorial reform in 1973, the city of Hann. Münden from the city center and a total of ten districts together.

The “urban areas” of the core city were created when the city expanded beyond the city wall of the historic old town according to plans by the municipal authorities in the 19th century, without being expressly dedicated as city ​​districts (see § 40 NGO ). After further development of the city in the 20th century, they no longer cover all the built-up areas of the core city with their original borders.

Neighboring places

The neighboring communities include Fuldatal , Reinhardshagen , Scheden , Staufenberg and Witzenhausen . Not far away larger towns are Göttingen and Dransfeld ; in the southwest is the city of Kassel .


Hann. Münden has the average annual temperature and the amount of precipitation in the temperate zone . Fog is quite common in the valley of the core city in spring, autumn and winter. The coldest month is January with an average of −1 to +2 degrees Celsius. The warmest months are on a long-term average July and August with 13 to 23 ° C each.

Monthly average temperatures and precipitation for Hann. Münden
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 2 4th 9 13 18th 20th 23 23 18th 13 7th 3 O 12.8
Min. Temperature (° C) −1 −1 2 4th 8th 11 13 13 10 6th 2 0 O 5.6
Precipitation ( mm ) 52.1 44.1 53.1 54.4 62.9 83.9 68.8 63.6 52.9 48.2 62.2 70.9 Σ 717.1
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 0.9 2.2 3.1 4.4 6.1 5.9 6.0 6.0 4.3 3.3 1.2 0.7 O 3.7
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source: Temperatur - MSN Weather Averages Hann. Münden, sun standard values ​​- DWD HMÜ - Steinberg , precipitation - DWD HMÜ - Hedemünden

Geological conditions

Hann. Geologically and geographically, Münden belongs to the Lower Saxon mountainous region . The old town with the confluence of the Fulda and Werra rivers is located in a basin in front of the breakthrough of the Weser between the Rabanenkopf ( Reinhardswald ) and the Questenberg (Mündener Stadtforst); at this point the width of the valley is only 400 m. The shape of the Lower Saxony mountain region is a flat vault made up of layers from the Triassic period . The mountain heights and their flanks are made of red sandstone , shell limestone and keuper . Basalt cast of volcanic origin occurs in many places (see Kleiner Steinberg ), and quartzite has been found in some places . The Mündener red sandstone area, which emerged in the Mesozoic Era, is supplemented in the river triangle of Werra and Fulda by material from the Paleozoic Era , which was washed into the Mündener Basin via Eder and Fulda .


800–1200 first settlements and founding

Desolate settlement area of Altmünden on the left bank of the Weser, opposite Münden and the Questenberg (1791)
City view of Münden with the Alter Werra Bridge and on the left the Welfenschloss (1610)
Boats on the Bremer Schlagd , in the middle the old Sydekum (1584)

The founding of the city is not exactly documented. The first written mention in a document from 1183 speaks of a city. Gimundi is considered to be a precursor settlement at the site of today's Altmünden district . It was given as a gift to the Imperial Abbey of Fulda Abbey around 802 . There, held Emperor Henry III. in 1049. The only structural remnant of Altmünden is the St. Laurentius church ruins . The settlement center of Münden, which is apparently planned according to plan, is an area of ​​450 × 350 meters in the confluence triangle of Werra and Fulda. Around the year 1200, the construction of the Münden city fortification began as a city ​​wall with city gates and wall towers.

1200–1600 Stacking Law and Reformation

In 1247 the Brunswick Duke Otto I endowed the city with the Mündener stacking right as a privilege. This helped the city to a great boom and was not abolished until 1824. The shallows of the Werrahohl on the outskirts of the city also had a beneficial effect on Münden, as it forced the boatmen to unload their goods in the city. Only the construction of a barrage with lock and needle weir in the Werra in the 1870s removed this centuries-old obstacle to shipping. In the 16th century, due to the Weser trade, Münden was the most important trading town up to Bremen for goods mainly from Thuringia . Accordingly, the Schlagden were built on the western and northern outskirts of the old town as trading, transshipment and berths on the Werra and Fulda shipping routes . On the Werra was the Wanfrieder Schlagd and on the Fulda the Bremer and Kasseler Schlagd , on which the still existing warehouses of the Packhof and the Old Packhof were built. Above all, woad , an important blue dye at that time, glass , textiles and rafts with wood and grain from Thuringia were traded and transported on the Weser . Herring and other fish came from the North Sea up the Weser . In 1342 Hann. Münden afflicted by the Magdalen flood. A memorial stone on the St. Blasii Church provides information about it with Gothic lettering and at the same time marks the highest height of the water level at that time. At the beginning of the 14th century there were around 500 houses in the village.

Since the Middle Ages, Hann. Münden operated viticulture on the southern slope of the Questenberg for some time . This wine is called Questenberger . In an old spring from 1390, the Questenberger is mentioned as a remarkably good wine. The quality of the wine is attested again in 1545 at the princely wedding of Duke Erich II and Sidonie von Sachsen in 1545 at the Welfenschloss in Münden: The menu lists 26 loads of Franconian wine as well as two loads of five-year-old Questenbergers from 1540.

By marrying Erich I in 1525 , in whose principality Calenberg-Göttingen Münden was located, Elisabeth von Brandenburg was awarded Münden as a body breed and rulership. Elisabeth came into contact with the ideas of the Reformation early on and brought the reformer Antonius Corvinus to Münden. After the death of Erich I in 1540, Elisabeth took over government affairs as a guardian for her underage son Erich II and ruled with her residence in Hann. Münden until 1546. During this time, even before the Peace of Augsburg , they enforced Protestantism .

The pottery trade can be proven in writing in the place since 1561. The names of around 20 potters from the 16th to 19th centuries can be found in municipal and church files. They made Weser ceramics and stove tiles and worked as stove fitters . During excavations in 1979, potters and their garbage pits were archaeologically examined in several places.

1600–1800 Thirty Years' War and absolutism

Siege of Münden 1626

During the Thirty Years War , the city was opened on May 30th . / June 9, 1626 greg. Whitsun blood  - captured by Tilly's mercenaries after several days of bombardment and killed a large part of the population.

In the 1730s, the Elector of Hanover Lieutenant Colonel Erich Philipp von Schwan was City Commander of Münden before he died there on February 2, 1738.

During the Seven Years' War , the city was repeatedly occupied by French troops between 1757 and 1762, who dug the Franzosenschanze on the Questenberg .

In 1776 almost 20,000 Hessian soldiers were embarked in Münden, which the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Friedrich II. To the Hanoverian Elector and King of Great Britain , Georg III. , had rented . They were used in the fight against American troops in the American War of Independence . The repatriation of the soldiers also took place via Münden in November 1783, but hardly more than half came back.

1800–1914 Wilhelminian style and industrialization

The Town Hall Munden in 1900

A number of companies that were important for the city (see companies ) were founded in the 19th century. Before that, in 1732 a manufacturing settlement with pottery, brickworks, ironworks and alum boiling was established outside on the Steinberg , which from 1757 continued to be operated as a faience factory in Münden . Münden was connected to the emerging railway network as early as 1856 .

In 1868 the Prussian King Wilhelm I founded the Royal Prussian Forest Academy in Hannoversch Münden . From this a traditional university for forest sciences developed , the Hann. Münden made known in German and international forest science. In 1870 the forest botanical garden was opened. In 1922 the academy was renamed the Forestry University and in 1939 it was affiliated to the Georg-August University of Göttingen as a forest science faculty; the faculty moved to Göttingen in 1970/71.

From 1885 to 1972, what was then Münden was the district town of the Münden district (license plate HMÜ ), which was opened in the Göttingen district on January 1, 1973 .

For centuries, basalt and lignite , clays and sand were mined in the Kaufunger Wald on the Kleiner Steinberg, among other things , which were transported on the Kohlenstraße and from 1894 to 1931 via the Steinberg cable car to Hann. Münden were transported.

At the beginning of February 1909 the Werra flood in 1909 flooded a considerable part of the old town.

On June 16, 1911, the Parseval airship PL5 was deflated in Hann. Münden destroyed by fire.

1933–1945 period of National Socialism

On March 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was granted honorary citizenship of the city. Only 75 years later, on March 27, 2008, this honorary citizenship was unanimously revoked by the city council.

As part of the “Action against the un-German spirit”, some National Socialist students from the forestry faculty staged a book burning on the market square on May 10, 1933, as in many other places in Germany .

On October 1, 1934, the place became a garrison town again. With the Werratalbrücke of the Reichsautobahn (today's A 7 ) built in 1935 , the city had the largest European motorway bridge for several years. The Kassel-Göttingen motorway section with the Hann. Münden-Hedemünden was opened to traffic on June 20, 1937.

The November pogroms of 1938 also had their local characteristics. As early as November 8, 1938, considerable damage to property was committed in the Münden synagogue , and the Torah scrolls , prayer books and robes were burned in public on the Tanzwerder . In 1942 the remaining Jewish citizens were deported to concentration camps . It has been proven that 126 people died there.

During the Second World War , Hann. With a few exceptions, Münden was spared direct effects of war and combat operations. On May 17, 1943, the city was hit by a tidal wave that was triggered by the bombing of the Edertalsperre in Operation Chastise . It did considerable damage to the city but did not claim fatalities like in other places.

On March 30 and 31, 1945, two air raids took place on Münden; 32 people were killed and 50 seriously injured. One of the targets of the attacks by American bombers was the Gneisenau barracks near Gimte . In the Pionier barracks completed in 1935 , as in the Plan School at the time, the personnel department of the Army High Command was quartered until March 28, 1945 . Trains on the Dransfelder Rampe railway in the area of ​​the Volkmarshausen tunnel were also bombed .

On April 5 and 6, 1945, shortly before the arrival of the advancing American troops, German pioneers blew up all bridges in the city area, except for the historic Werra Bridge, in particular the Werra Valley Bridge on the Reichsautobahn.

On April 6 and 7, 1945, American troops of the 69th US Infantry Division and the 273rd US Infantry Regiment, supported by the 777th US Tank Battalion and the 661st US Tank Jäger Battalion, took part in the fighting City a. 94 German soldiers, members of the Volkssturm and RAD as well as civilians were killed in the battle for Münden ; No figures are available on the American losses that occurred. According to the Allied agreements , the city was in the British zone of occupation, and British soldiers moved in on May 20, 1945.

Construction of the railway near Münden

Portal of the Volkmarshausen tunnel built in the middle of the 19th century on the disused route to Göttingen ( Dransfelder ramp )

On May 8, 1856, the city was first connected to the railway network by the Hannöversche Südbahn . The route led from Hanover, Göttingen and Dransfeld to Hann. Münden. On September 23, 1856, the Hannöversche Südbahn was extended to Kassel . To avoid a route over the Hessian region, the route from Göttingen was led via Dransfeld. For this, gradients of up to 18 ‰ were accepted. The Göttingen – Dransfeld – Münden section, which was closed in 1980 and was used as a freight siding until 1995, was given the nickname Dransfeld Rampe . This main line, on which the route kilometrage to Kassel is still based today, was built with two tracks from the beginning, while the Hanover – Göttingen and Münden – Kassel lines were initially single-track. The latter was the only railway line in the Kingdom of Hanover near Volkmarshausen near Hann. Menden a tunnel, which for the king was the decisive reason for the construction to Hann. Münden should have been. The real reasons for the Volkmarshausen Tunnel, however, were the cost savings and the desire to run the route at the same altitude as possible to Kassel. The Mündener Bahnhof, which was completed in 1857, is located on a hillside around 15 meters above the historic city center.

The current connection via Eichenberg to Göttingen was opened in May 1872 as the last construction phase of the Halle-Casseler Railway.

Garrison town of Münden

Partial view of the interior of the former Kurhessen barracks

As a garrison town , Hann. Münden has a long tradition that goes back to the first half of the 18th century. The pioneering tradition of the location was particularly formative and recurring .

Since 1901 Hann. Münden pioneer garrison with a few interruptions. On October 1 of this year, the Hessian Pioneer Battalion No. 11, until then located in Mainz-Kastel , moved into the newly built Kurhessen barracks in Neumünden and remained, later renamed the Kurhessisches Pioneer Battalion No. 11 , until 1918 In the war years of 1914/1918, the 11th Pioneer Replacement Battalion trained a total of 21,000 pioneers for the battalion's war formations . After the end of the war until 1920, the 11th Reichswehr Pioneer Battalion followed.

For a transitional period from 1921 to 1934, the former pioneer barracks was the seat of the Hessian-Nassau Police School .

From 1934 to 1945 the area, now renamed Kurhessen-Kaserne , was initially the Pioneer Battalion 9, from which later the Pioneer Battalions 29 and 49 emerged. From October 1935, these units also used the Gneisenau barracks located near Gimte on the Gimter Feld (today, among other things, the training facility of the Lower Saxony police ), construction of which began in 1934. A water training area was built on the Gimter Aue on the Weser. During the war years, replacement battalions (for example, the Pioneer Replacement Battalion 29) trained pioneers for frontline operations in the Mündener barracks. Münden's pioneering tradition was ended for the time being when the city was taken by American troops on April 7, 1945.

With the formation of the Bundeswehr , pioneers again moved into the Kurhessen barracks. From 1956 to 1958, this was initially the Panzer Pioneer Battalion 5, which was then renamed Pioneer Battalion 2. In addition to PiBtl 2, the garrison always included independent companies with different names, for example from 1959 to 1981 the Panzerpionierkompanie 50. The Bundeswehr remained host in the barracks until the final dissolution of Pioneer Battalion 2 on March 31, 1993. The barracks area, which has been freely accessible since then, is now called the Fuldablick residential and commercial park and is used accordingly.

Police school / police academy

Hardly any other institution is so closely associated with the name Hann. Münden connected like the police .

From 1921 to 1934 the place was initially the seat of the police school of the Prussian province Hessen-Nassau . The police training was in the former pioneer barracks in Neumünden (later Kurhessen- barracks operated).

After the Second World War , on the orders of the British military government, the Hanover Regional Police School was relocated to the Gneisenau barracks on Gimter Feld, near what is now the Gimte district . For this purpose, a British battalion billeted there released the premises and was relocated to Goslar. On May 28, the police students and the device met in Hann. Münden. On June 11, 1946, the first training course began there. On January 1, 1947, the name was changed to Police School of the State of Lower Saxony , later the State Police School of Lower Saxony (LPSN).

At the beginning still under British supervision and control, the school developed over time into a modern training facility for the Lower Saxony state police . The state police school had its highest occupancy rate in the training and advanced training of police officers in the 1970s. Meals of between 1200 and 1400 people per day were not uncommon.

Due to higher quality requirements for the new generation of police officers , the LPSN was dissolved on April 30, 1997 and the Lower Saxony Police Training Institute (BIP NI) headquartered in Hann. Münden furnished. The BIP NI was now responsible for the planning, coordination and implementation of the entire training of the police in Lower Saxony. The previous police training was carried out independently in the form of a degree at the Lower Saxony University of Applied Sciences for Administration and Justice . Hann. Along with Oldenburg, Münden was one of the branch offices; the head office was in Hildesheim .

On October 1, 2007, as part of the reform of the police training and advanced training, another reorganization took place: the "Police Faculty" of the University of Applied Sciences for Administration and Justice and the Police Training Institute were merged to form the Lower Saxony Police Academy with headquarters in Nienburg / Weser . The university location Hann. Along with Oldenburg, Münden is one of two branches of the academy.


With the law on the reorganization of the communities in the Göttingen area , the prerequisites for a merger of the previous districts of Münden , Duderstadt and Göttingen into today's district of Göttingen were created. This law came into force on January 1, 1973. In the course of this administrative and territorial reform , the municipalities were reorganized at the same time and merged into larger units. So the communities Bonaforth, Gimte, Hedemünden, Hemeln, Laubach, Lippoldshausen, Mielenhausen, Oberode, Volkmarshausen and Wiershausen were incorporated into the city of Münden.

Population development of Hann.  Münden.svg Population development of Hann.  Münden - from 1871
Population development of Hann. Münden. Above from 1200 to 2017. Below a section from 1871

Population development

Development of the population in Hann Münden:

  • 1200: approx. 1,100 inhabitants
  • 1400: approx. 2,800 inhabitants
  • 1500: approx. 2,500 inhabitants
  • 1700: approx. 3,700 inhabitants
  • 1834: 4,200 inhabitants
  • 1900: 9,000 inhabitants
  • 1939: 15,000 inhabitants
  • 1961: 20,000 inhabitants
  • 1970: 19,000 inhabitants
  • 1973: 19,407 inhabitants
  • 1978: 27,652 inhabitants
  • 2015: 24,072 inhabitants
  • 2016: 23,797 inhabitants
  • 2017: 23,853 inhabitants


Confession proportion of
Evangelical Lutheran 49.31%
Roman Catholic 11.47%
Evangelical Reformed 4.93%
Various and without confession 34.29%
total 100%

The most important church in terms of membership is the Evangelical Lutheran Church District Münden, which is divided into several parishes. The parish of Münden, which dates back to 1542, belongs to the Hildesheim-Göttingen district . The parishes of St. Lukas, St. Matthew and the Münden City Church were merged on January 1, 2012 to form the Evangelical Lutheran City Parish Münden.

As another church organized within the EKD , the Evangelical Reformed Church has been represented in the city with a significantly smaller congregation since 1708. The Catholic St. Elisabeth parish of the city, established in 1889, is a diaspora parish in the diocese of Hildesheim .

In addition to these large congregations, the city has a number of smaller active Christian congregations with the Adventist church , the New Apostolic Church , the Baptists , Jehovah's Witnesses and others.

Mosque in the historic building of the New Sydekum

In 1834 the Jewish community in Münden inaugurated a synagogue and from 1843 its members received full civil rights. All members of the Jewish community at that time were expelled, deported and murdered during the National Socialist era. Since then, there has been no more practicing community, but with the Old and New Jewish Cemeteries, two former Jewish cemeteries in the city area. Today, a memorial stone at the Münden Town Hall indicates the former Jewish community.

The Muslim community acquired a historic half-timbered building in the old town in 2000, which had been in use since 1922 by the Methodist community , which had been inactive for many years. She converted it into a mosque . The building is the only listed mosque in Lower Saxony. This is the New Sydekum (Sie dich um) , built on the city ​​wall in 1783 as a hotel , which the Sydekum society used for cultural events from 1849.


City council

The following table shows the results of the last five elections. The diagram shows the distribution of seats after the local elections on September 11, 2016 .

on September 10, 2006
on September 15, 1996
Political party percent Seats percent Seats percent Seats percent Seats percent Seats
SPD 42.6 15th 50.3 18th 46.2 17th 44.1 17th 49.5 19th
CDU 26.0 9 26.6 9 37.4 14th 36.0 14th 37.3 14th
GREEN 6.5 2 12.7 4th 7.0 2 6.3 2 - -
The left 4.4 2 2.3 1 2.0 1 - - - -
FDP 3.6 1 1.9 - 3.2 1 3.3 1 2.9 1
BFMÜ 9.1 3 6.3 2 2.5 1 - - - -
MÜNA 4.1 1 - - - - - - - -
ALFA 3.7 1 - - - - - - - -
UL - - - - 1.7 1 - - - -
GHMÜ - - - - 00- - 8.8 3 10.3 3
Others 7.8 2 1.8 - - - 1.5 - - -
total 100 34 100 34 100 37 100 37 100 37
Allocation of seats in the city council from 2019
A total of 34 seats

With 15 members, the SPD parliamentary group is the largest parliamentary group, further parliamentary groups are the CDU (9), the Greens / Münden active (3), the citizens' forum Hann. Münden (BFMÜ) (3) and STAND UP (started as Die Linke ) (2). Two other council members (FDP and ALFA) are non-attached.


The full-time mayor of the city is Harald Wegener (“Together for our Münden”, supported by the CDU and the citizens' forum Hann. Münden). On June 15, 2014, he was elected in a runoff election with 56.9% of the vote. His opponent Jörg Wieland (SPD) received 43.1% of the vote. The turnout was 43.0%. Wegener took office on November 1, 2014, replacing the previous mayor, Klaus Burhenne, who was no longer running for election.

badges and flags

DEU Hann.  Muenden COA.png

The city coat of arms goes back to the privilege of the city by Duke Otto von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (1247). It shows in a red shield a silver castle with a broad-roofed, blue-covered and gold-crowned central tower between two pointed, blue-covered side towers; in the archway a red shield with a blue-armored golden lion (Welfenlöwe) inside; above the gate at the central tower a Gothic black M.

The colors of the city are yellow and red. The flag shows the colors yellow and red in two longitudinal stripes of equal width.

City partnerships and friendships

The city of Hann. Münden maintains a town partnership with the following foreign municipalities :

The old district of Münden had a partnership with the London Borough of Hackney , which was continued by the district of Göttingen after the district reform in 1973 . Münden also maintains friendly relations with the following German municipalities:

Culture and sights

Cultural offers

In addition to the municipality, the most important bearers of the city's cultural life are associations, parishes and private individuals. They take on the general promotion of culture and special cultural topics such as theater, nature excursions and lectures, historical research, preservation of monuments and fine arts.

  • The Mündener Kulturring e. V. offers lectures, readings, concerts, cabaret, exhibitions, study trips as well as visits to the theater and the like in accordance with its statutes. a. on.
  • The Münden Nature Park e. V. offers events in and around the Münden Nature Park .
  • The Touristik Naturpark Münden e. V. offers city tours and Doctor Eisenbarth events .
  • The three rivers theater Münden e. In addition to the annual winter fairy tale, V. Münden also brings comedies, tabloids and crime novels to the stage.
  • The St. Blasius Choir regularly organizes the church services in St. Blasius and presents different compositions in two large concerts every year.
  • The City Museum Hann. Münden in the Welfenschloss shows its exhibits in the departments of town history, Gustav Eberlein , trade, shipping & transport, faience from the faience factory Münden and town archeology .
  • The local history and history association Sydekum zu Münden e. V. offers u. a. Excursions to historical sites and current historically and folkloric important places and lectures with historical, folkloric and local history content.
  • The festival monument! Art - art! Every two years, the monument opens up the world of historical Mündener half-timbered houses with art exhibitions, music events, theater, cabaret, readings and performances.
  • The Stadtjugendring Münden e. V. coordinates youth exchanges and trips, organizes various local youth events and operates the Graffiti cafeteria in the Geschwister-Scholl-Haus, the youth center of the city of Hann. Münden.
  • The city ​​library in the Welfenschloss offers media.


Historical old city

St. Blaise Church
Old Packhof on the Bremer Schlagd and
remains of the city ​​wall
Remnants of the wall of the church ruin St. Laurentius

The old town is rich in restored half-timbered houses and medieval churches such as St. Blasius and St. Aegidien . There are also buildings of the so-called Weser Renaissance , for example the Welfenschloss Münden and the historic town hall.

town hall

In the center of the city center is the town hall, the core of which is a Gothic hall from the 14th century. In the years 1603 to 1618 the building was rebuilt by the Lemgo master builder Georg Crossmann and received its decorative facade, which has been preserved to this day. From the Middle Ages until today, the building served as the seat of the city council and (parts of) the city administration. The lower town hall (Koph-Hus) is decorated with wall paintings that show extracts from the city's history. The upper town hall ( Hochtiedshusaquo = wedding house) is used today to hold exhibitions. There is a carillon on the northern facade , which shows a series of figures with scenes from the life of the craft surgeon Doctor Eisenbarth every day at 12:00, 15:00 and 17:00 .

St. Blaise Church

The Blasiuskirche is a three-aisled , Gothic hall church in the center of the old town. Construction began at the end of the 13th century and was built on the foundation walls of a basilica in the Romanesque style . The construction dragged on over several construction phases until 1584, when the tower covered with a Welschen dome was completed. As excavations in 1999 revealed, the church was surrounded by a cemetery, which took up an area of ​​2500 m². It was surrounded by a wall up to 1.4 m thick, which was built around 1200 and demolished around 1780. Even before the Romanesque basilica there were two more previous buildings on the site of the Blasius Church. Around 900 to 1000 a square tower chapel was built between the choir steps and the first pair of pillars of today's church. An early Romanesque church existed around 1125; a window of this church is indicated in the floor of the Blasius church.

St. Aegidien Church

The second, much smaller medieval Old Town Church St. Aegidien , the Thirty Years War destroyed and restored from 1684, was in 2008 deconsecrated and housed from 2010 to 2018, the Café Giles .

Church ruins of St. Laurentius

The church ruins of St. Laurentius from the 11th to 13th centuries are located in the Altmünden district. The church was the house of God in Gimundi, a precursor settlement of Münden. Because of its mighty walls, the building was initially viewed as a fortified church . The church was demolished in the Thirty Years War , and its remains were excavated in 1996.

St. Elisabeth Church

The Catholic St. Elisabeth Church was built in the neo-Romanesque style in 1887–1889 .

Historic packing yards

At the top of the Schlagden , which were used for the handling of goods on the Werra, Fulda and Weser shipping routes , there are two former packing yard buildings . The Packhof on the Wanfrieder Schlagd is a classicist building that was built in 1839/1840. It stands out due to its size and its simple facade compared to the ornate half-timbered houses and today houses exhibition areas. In the old Packhof at the Bremer Schlagd now a hotel is housed.


The Welfenschloss Münden was built in 1501 by Duke Erich I as a Gothic building. It was a residential palace with an administrative seat. After almost complete destruction in a fire in 1560, Duke Erich II rebuilt the palace in the style of the early Weser Renaissance . Later the Welfenschloss lost its importance and was only occasionally used as a residence for the sovereigns . Another fire in 1849 destroyed the south wing, which was not rebuilt. From the time of the Guelphs , two renaissance chambers with extensive wall paintings are preserved in today's palace . Today the castle houses the city ​​archive , the city ​​library , the district court of Hann. Münden and the municipal museum .

City fortifications

Some parts of the medieval city wall of the Münden city fortification including its wall towers have been preserved. The wall was built when the city was founded in the 12th century. In the 15th century a modernization took place, among other things with stems for cannons. Large parts of the stone fortifications were demolished in the 19th century. When a 90 m long section was excavated in 1997, the wall was 1.8 m thick.


The rotunda is a city ​​gate of the Münden city fortifications . Construction began in 1502 under Duke Erich I, and it was completed in 1579 under Erich II. Today there is a memorial for those who fell in the world wars inside the building and a memorial for the victims of the violence of National Socialism on the south side .

Old Werra Bridge

The old Werra bridge connects the city center with the flower . It was built before 1329. The original 5 yoke arches of the former stone bridge are still preserved, two more were added to the bridge in the 19th century.


At the top of the Tanz werder , at the confluence of the Werra and Fulda rivers , there is a boulder , known as the Weserstein , with a poem .


The Tillyschanze was built between 1881 and 1885 as a reminder of the siege of Münden by the general Johann t'Serclaes von Tilly in 1626. It is an observation tower in the Reinhardswald above the city. Recent research shows that Tilly did not set up his cannons at this point, but below on the Fulda. Since 2010 the tower has been repaired by an association and donations. 1.4 km north-north-west of it lies the legendary "Freyastein" north-west of Altmünden .


The Weserliedanlage stands on the slope above Hann. Münden and the Weserstein on the right bank of the Weser, which begins here. We remember the poet of the Weserlied, Franz von Dingelstedt , and the composer of the song, Gustav Pressel . The Weserliedanlage offers a wide view over the city area.

Outdoor stage

Open-air stage at Kattenbühl
Entrance to the forest botanical garden
EXPO project water tracks with open watercourse and drain on the street

The open-air stage is located at the Kattenbühl on the Tannenkamp in the middle of the forest and offers space for around 300 spectators. In 1929 it was decided to build the facility in a quarry owned by the Königshof forestry department and, in most cases, carried out in 1932 by the voluntary labor service (a publicly funded employment program of the Weimar Republic since 1931). The inauguration took place at Whitsun 1933. The local association “Die Spielbühne e. V. “renovated the main features of the stage, which has only been used sporadically for decades, in 2005 and plans to start regular play operations in the summer months. Since the summer of 2012, the "Friends of the Association for the Preservation and Restoration of the Historic Open-Air Theater at Kattenbühl e. V. “, which together with the above association wants to maintain the open-air theater.

Forest botanical garden

In the botanical garden , which is small but rich in species, there are over 700 different types and forms of wood that can be viewed daily. The garden, which is now a natural monument , was created in 1870 as a forest botanical garden of the Royal Prussian Forest Academy Hannoversch Münden .

Neumünden municipal cemetery

The Neumünden municipal cemetery is a historic cemetery. It contains historical gravestones and a burial ground for German and foreign war dead. The cemetery has in parts a park-like character with an old stock of trees and a historic chapel.

Traces of water

The art project Traces of Water - Making Water Visible was created as part of Expo 2000 . It finds expression in an open beekeep on Ziegelstrasse, in fountains and in a water playground. These installations are complemented by the EXPO water theme trail on the Doktorwerder , a small river island in the Werra. In 1999 archaeological rescue excavations were carried out in the redesigned areas in the city center . In the process, drainage channels and ditches were found, with which the flood and rainwater used to be carried out of the city.


The historic old town at Christmas time with Tillyschanze , illuminated ferry gate tower and Blasius Church , seen from Kattenbühl
Christmas market at the Blasius Church

Hann. Münden is known for its historic old town with its closed stock of half-timbered houses. The tourism office, which is located in the historic town hall, offers an overview of the tourist opportunities. Tourist offers consist of boat trips , city tours, canoeing , cycling and hiking tours in the city as well as day tours in the surrounding area. In addition, Hann. Visitors also have the opportunity to shop in the old town on Sundays. This applies to the period from December 15th to October 31st. Many shops are then open from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. Recurring events are:

  • Doctor Eisenbart Games (in the summer months on an open-air stage in front of the town hall)
  • Weser Marathon , on the 1st Sunday in May as a regatta for paddle and rowing boats over 135 km from Hann. Münden to Hameln.
  • Monument! Art - art! Monument , a culture and art festival that has been taking place every two years since 2007.
  • Rose Festival (mid-June, with the rose fairy election )
  • Autumn and farmers market (last Sunday in September)
  • Fairytale Christmas trip with around 100 events in Hann. Münden and neighboring communities (all of December)

Accommodation : Hann. Münden has more than 20 hotels and pensions, including two four- and three three- star hotels . In addition, numerous holiday homes and apartments as well as private rooms are offered for guests. In addition to these accommodations, there is a youth hostel , a house for friends of nature , three campsites and a motorhome parking space centrally located on the Tanzwerder .

Museums: In addition to the historic town hall hall with murals on the city's history, there is the city ​​museum in the Welfenschloss Münden and the museum of the work of the workers' history association in the ferry gate tower .

Tourist routes: Hann. Münden is located on various national tourist routes.

Infrastructure and economy

Transport links

Station Hann Munden on Adam von Trott to Solz- -Platz
An ICE 1 leaves the northeast portal of the Mündener Tunnel (1999)
Loading of a cast iron part at the Weser transshipment point (2013)

The station Hann Munden is on the Hanoverian Southern Railway and the railway line Halle-Hann. Münden . From the train station of the middle center Hann. From Münden you can take regional trains to the cities of Göttingen, Kassel, Halle and Erfurt, where there is a connection to the long-distance network of Deutsche Bahn .

The high-speed line Hanover – Würzburg runs mostly underground through the city area; with the Mündener tunnel and the Rau hebel tunnel , which are connected by the Werratalbrücke Hedemünden , the two longest tunnels in Lower Saxony are in the area of ​​the city.

Several bus routes have been set up for local public transport in and around the city . These are u. a. served by the regional bus Braunschweig and the regional traffic Kurhessen . City bus traffic in the city center and some districts is operated on five lines by the Hann. Münden (VHM) served. Hann. Münden belongs to both the Verkehrsverbund Süd-Niedersachsen (VSN) and the Nordhessischer Verkehrsverbund (NVV).

The city is via the two junctions Hann. Münden / Lutterberg and Hann. Münden-Hedemünden is connected to the A 7 and is therefore in a good location on the higher-level transport network. The Werra valley bridge in the Laubach district is located in the urban area. In addition, Hann. Münden at the intersection of federal highways 3 and 80 . Furthermore, the B 496 from Hann. Münden to the Lutterberg junction of the A 7.

In the municipality of Calden , around 17 km west of Hann. Located in Münden, the regional airport is Kassel-Calden Airport .

In the summer season (May 1 to September 15) there are daily boat connections via the Fulda to and from Kassel-Altmarkt.

Hann. From 1906 to 1978, Münden had the Weser transshipment point, a loading point for inland shipping. It was used by the railway as a 1.5 km long branch of the Göttingen – Hann. Münden ( Dransfeld ramp ) developed. After 30 years without freight, the Weser transshipment point was reactivated in June 2008. Since then, goods have been loaded from trucks to inland waterways and vice versa again, primarily heavy machine parts.

Commercial zones and commercial spaces

A total of three commercial areas are available for large-scale settlement of trade, industry and logistics:

  • Thielebach Süd, 28.62 hectares total area (6.78 hectares available area)
  • At the railway, 20.84 hectares total area (8.56 hectares available area)
  • Hedemünden 2, 16.9 hectares total area (13 hectares available area)

The Weser transshipment point Hann. Münden Wirtschaftsförderungs- und Stadtmarketing GmbH is entrusted with the tasks of commercial area marketing and settlement support.

The Hedemünden 2 industrial area, located directly on the federal motorway 7, was funded by the European Union . In a second construction phase, the industrial park is to be expanded to a total area of ​​27 hectares.


  • Aldi: The food discounter Aldi -Nord has a regional branch and a large central warehouse in the Hedemünden district .
  • August Oppermann Kiesgewinnungs- und Vertriebs-GmbH (AO): The August Oppermann company was founded on May 10, 1860 in today's Hann. Mündener district Hedemünden was founded by August Oppermann I. as a gravel and sand extraction company and has had its headquarters there ever since. The August Oppermann Kiesgewinnungs- und Vertriebs-GmbH is now run as a family business of the natural stone industry in its fifth generation and produced in nearly 30 works sand, gravel, limestone and greywacke. The company group currently employs around 120 people.
  • AWUKO: The company AWUKO ABRASIVES Wandmacher GmbH & Co. KG is a medium-sized family company that produces abrasives . The company, founded in 1906, employed around 140 people in 2006. The company currently employs around 170 people.
  • ContiTech MGW: The company Mündener rubber GmbH since 2007 belongs to the business unit Fluid Technology of ContiTech and develops and manufactures hose assemblies for the automotive industry. Founded in 1873 by Albert Kunth changed its name in 1899 first as Mündener Gummiwarenfabrik Gebr. Kunth GmbH and from 1905 as Mündener Gummiwarenfabrik GmbH . After a major restructuring of the group of shareholders in 1959 and renaming to Mündener Gummiwerk GmbH , the company was taken over by Phoenix AG in 1986 and became Continental AG in 2004 . With 950 employees (as of 2005), Mündener Gummiwerk GmbH is the largest employer in the city of Hann. Münden. In the meantime (as of 2016) it operates under the name ContiTech MGW GmbH as part of ContiTech AG.
  • Eaton Fluid Power: The Eaton Fluid Power GmbH is a subsidiary of Eaton Corporation . The plant in Hann. Münden specializes in hydraulic hoses and systems. The company emerged from Aeroquip GmbH , which was founded in 1959 from Mündener Gummiwarenfabrik GmbH as a joint venture by German and American shareholders.
  • Ernst Benary Samenzucht: Ernst Benary Samenzucht GmbH , founded by Ernst Benary in Erfurt in 1843 , was moved to Hann. Münden relocated. It specializes in breeding and seed production for ornamental plants. The company supplies international wholesalers in over 100 countries and in 2006 had around 270 jobs.
  • Non-profit building association in Münden eG, housing cooperative with 824 own apartments in Hann. Münden and Dransfeld as well as a property management www.bauverein-muenden.de
  • Haendler & Natermann: Haendler & Natermann , founded in 1825, is a packaging manufacturer and, as Haendler & Natermann Sport, a manufacturer of sports bullets.
  • Stick packaging: The company stick packaging (billets Packaging GmbH & Co. KG) is a medium-sized family-owned and offers products and services of industrial packaging to. The company, founded in 1919, employed 2007 at its headquarters in Hann. Münden and around 150 employees at five branch locations.
  • Metallumform GmbH: The automotive supplier was founded in 1971 at the Hann. Münden founded. Today, the metallumform Group designs and manufactures precision components using various metal forming processes: solid and hollow parts, collar and flange parts as well as connecting elements with special shapes.
  • PUFAS: The company PUFAS (PUFAS Werk KG) is a medium-sized family company and offers painting supplies and renovation products . The company founded in 1928 employed in 2006 at the Hann. Münden around 130 employees and in 2005 achieved a turnover of 53 million euros.
  • Schröder plant: The Schröder plant in Münden produced sandpaper until 2009 , which was sold under the Carbo Schröder brand, which was introduced in 1996 . Before the integration into The Carbo Group GmbH in July 2005 , the abrasive works had belonged to Carborundum Schleifmittelwerke GmbH in Düsseldorf , which at that time took over the family company CF Schröder from Münder. The company was founded in 1863, when Carl Friedrich Schröder was the first German entrepreneur to produce and sell coated abrasives in Germany.
  • Weser-metal forming technology: The company Weser-Metall-Umformtechnik GmbH & Co. KG , in short WMU , is pressing - drawing and stamping parts as well as ready- welded components for the automotive and consumer goods industries. It was founded in 1986 out of Bokelmann KG (since 1953) and has been part of Edag's Production Division since 1999 . In 2006, WMU achieved a turnover of around 48 million euros with 200 employees. WMU has been part of Sungwoo Hitech since 2012. The South Korean manufacturer of components for the automotive industry has existed since 1977. It has an international presence, has almost 14,000 employees and generates annual sales of around 2.8 billion US dollars (2.2 billion euros).

Regional institutions


In alphabetical order of the surnames


  • Karl Brethauer : Münden , collected essays 1. – 4. Episode. Verlag der Weserbuchhandlung, Münden, ISBN 3-921776-02-3 .
  • Martin Czichelski: The founding of the city of Münden under the influence of the Guelphs. An interdisciplinary view of scientific research . Münden 2002.
  • H. Fiedler (among others): Münden in the picture of the centuries. Descriptive index of the representations of the city and the places belonging to it today in graphics from the 16th to 19th centuries. Hannoversch Münden 1983.
  • Wilhelm Lotze : History of the city of Münden and its surroundings with special emphasis on the events of the Thirty Years 'and Seven Years' War. 2nd Edition. Münden 1909 (reprint from 1979, ISBN 3-921776-07-4 ).
  • Erwin May: Münden and the surrounding area . Erwin May Hann. Münden, Hann. Münden 1980.
  • Helmut Saehrendt: Hannoversch Münden. Interesting facts about the history of the city, worth seeing in the city . Hannoversch Münden 2002, ISBN 3-936705-09-7 .
  • Joachim von Stockhausen: Hann. Münden and shipping on the Werra, Fulda and Weser . Göttingen 2003, ISBN 3-89533-441-3 .
  • Andrea Bulla: In the beginning there was the city. Searching for archaeological traces in medieval Hannoversch Münden . Rahden / Westfalen 2004, ISBN 3-89646-927-4 .
  • Dieter Kropp, Margid Hruska, Thorsten Quest: Münden in the Nazi dictatorship - exemplary analyzes and didactically prepared documents on the topic; Factory life and everyday life under National Socialism . Association for research into the history of the labor movement in Hann. Münden e. V., 2nd edition. The workshop, Göttingen 1993, ISBN 3-923478-92-5 .
  • Johann Dietrich von Pezold: The stacking right of the city of Münden 1247-1824. A first overview. In: Lower Saxony Yearbook for State History. 70, 1998, pp. 53-71.
  • Fritz Fischer: Stacking rights and shipping in the city of Münden until the beginning of the 18th century . Heinzerling, Hann. Münden 1936, OCLC 34650188 , dissertation University of Cologne , Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, October 1, 1936 (86 pages).

Web links

Commons : Hann. Münden  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Hann. Münden  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wikivoyage: Hann. Münden  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. § 1, paragraph 1, of the main statute of November 9, 2006 reads: The city bears the name "Hann. Münden ".
  3. 1991: “Hann. Münden ”is given the official name of the city by a council resolution ( memento from August 4, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ), originally accessed on January 24, 2011, at hann.muenden.de
  4. Chronicle of the city's history , accessed on March 3, 2016, at hann.muenden.de (PDF; 74.4 kB): Hann. Münden becomes the official name: January 1, 1991
  5. ARD / MDR: Garden dreams. Report from Scheden near Hannoversch Münden. (No longer available online.) April 17, 2016, archived from the original on June 6, 2016 ; accessed on June 6, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.ardmediathek.de
  6. ^ Eva Werler: Hann. Münden: Two colossi are waiting for a wave. NDR, May 9, 2016, accessed June 6, 2016 .
  7. a b Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
  8. a b Statistical data of the city of Hann. Münden , on hann.muenden.de
  9. Hann. Münden, DEU
  10. DWD climate data for sunshine duration
  11. DWD climate data precipitation
  12. S. May, p. 253 ff.
  13. S. Brethauer , Münden - Collected Essays, 3rd part, p. 3.
  14. ^ S. May , Münden und Umgebung, pp. 25 ff.
  15. Friedrich Hamm. Natural History Chronicle of Northwest Germany , 1976, Landbuch-Verlag, Hanover, p. 40. (online)
  16. ^ Wilhelm Lotze: History of the City of Münden [...]
  17. ^ Karl Brethauer : Pottery in Münden I – X. In: Münden. Collected Essays. Third episode. Publisher Hans Fiedler, Hann. Münden 1986, pp. 89-99.
  18. S. Lotze : History of the City of Münden, p. 68 ff.
  19. Johann Heinrich Zedler : Large complete universal lexicon of all sciences and arts, which so far have been invented and improved by human understanding and wit. Darinnen… , Vol. 35, Halle; Johann Heinrich Zedler, Leipzig 1743, column 1841; Digitized via Google books
  20. S. Lotze : History of the City of Münden, pp. 140 ff.
  21. S. Lotze : History of the City of Münden, p. 180 ff.
  22. ^ Archives of the city of Hann. Münden, file MR 1105
  23. S. May , p. 95 ff.
  24. ^ Johann Dietrich von Pezold: persecution of Jews. City of Münden, Münden 1978.
  25. S. Faulstich , p. 19.
  26. S. Faulstich , p. 20.
  27. 40 years of the Lower Saxony State Police School 1946–1986, Ed .: State Police School Lower Saxony, In the beginning was chaos ...
  28. S. u. a. Faulstich , p. 29.
  29. S. Faulstich , p. 31 ff.
  30. ^ Website History of the Mündener Pioneers
  31. a b c d S. BIP NI press release of May 26, 2006.
  32. 40 years of the Lower Saxony State Police School 1946–1986, publisher: Lower Saxony State Police School
  33. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 213 .
  34. Erwin May: Münden and surroundings . Erwin May, Hann. Münden 1980, p. 168 f .
  35. S. Mayor, p. 38.
  36. Ecclesiastical gazette for the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Hanover 2/2012, p. 59 ff.
  37. Mosque ( Memento of the original from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / historie.denkmalkunst-kunstdenkmal.de
  38. 1783 The mosque (Hann. Münden)
  39. The GMHÜ list (Grünes Hann. Münden) started in 2006 separately as BFMÜ and UL.
  40. political groups. City of Hann. Münden, accessed on November 4, 2019 .
  41. ^ Runoff election Mayoral election Hann. Münden 2014 , accessed on July 19, 2016.
  42. ^ HNA Mündener Allgemeine from September 25, 2006.
  43. a b main statute of the city of Hann. Münden (PDF; 35 kB), accessed on March 16, 2012.
  44. ^ Mündener Kulturring. Mündener Kulturring e. V, accessed January 7, 2012 .
  45. Münden Nature Park. Münden Nature Park V, accessed January 7, 2012 .
  46. Münden Nature Park Tourism. Touristik Naturpark Münden e. V, accessed January 7, 2012 .
  47. Welcome to the Three Rivers Theater in Münden. Three-River-Theater Münden e. V., accessed on January 7, 2012 .
  48. St. Blasius Choir. St. Blasius Münden Kantorei, accessed on January 7, 2012 .
  49. ^ City of Hann Münden. City of Hann. Münden, the mayor, accessed on January 7, 2012 .
  50. ↑ Local history and history association Sydekum zu Münden. Local history and history association Sydekum zu Münden e. V, accessed January 7, 2012 .
  51. a b monument! Art - art! Monument. Bernd Demandt, accessed on January 7, 2012 .
  52. Stadtjugendring Münden. Stadtjugendring Münden e. V, accessed January 7, 2012 .
  53. ^ City of Hann Münden. City of Hann. Münden, the mayor, accessed on January 7, 2012 .
  54. Erwin May: Münden and surroundings . Erwin May, Hann. Münden 1980, p. 137 .
  55. ^ Klaus Grote : City tour of Münden . In: Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum (Hrsg.): Guide to prehistoric and early historical monuments. Göttingen and the Göttingen Basin . tape 16 . von Zabern, Mainz 1970, ISBN 3-8053-0131-6 , p. 190 .
  56. Tourist information Hann. Münden
  57. Information from the city of Hann. Münden zu Hedemünden 2 ( Memento of the original from October 7, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.hedemuenden2.de
  58. Weser transshipment point Hann. Münden Economic Development and City Marketing GmbH
  59. AWUKO company website
  60. ^ S. Henckel
  61. Benary company website
  62. Company page Knüppel
  63. PUFAS company website
  64. Company website The Carbo Group ( Memento of the original from May 18, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.cf-schroeder.de
  65. WMU company website ( Memento from July 17, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )
  66. Logistics Center Lower Saxony on the Internet  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.lzn.niedersachsen.de  
  67. ^ Northwest German Forest Research Institute
  68. A life in a time window - students write biographies for seniors , from February 11, 2016, on goettinger-tageblatt.de
  69. Heimatpfleger with a Nazi past - Münden deprives Brethauer Ehrenring. In: Hessische / Niedersächsische Allgemeine online, March 16, 2012, accessed on March 16, 2012.