|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||123 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||121.12 km 2|
|Residents:||23,609 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||195 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||34346|
|Area code :||05541|
|License plate :||GÖ , DUD, HMÜ, OHA|
|Community key :||03 1 59 017|
|LOCODE :||DE HMU|
|City structure:||11 districts|
City administration address :
34346 Hann. Münden
|Mayor :||Harald Wegener (Citizens' Forum Hann. Münden)|
|Location of the city of Hann. Münden in the district of Göttingen|
Hann. Münden (abbreviation of Hannoversch Münden ) is a town and independent municipality in the district of Göttingen , southern Lower Saxony , on the border with Hesse and not far from Thuringia . The core town is a state-approved resort .
The village is located at the confluence of the Werra and Fulda rivers to the Weser . That is why the city is also known as the “Three Rivers City”. The city is also known for the grave of the German craft surgeon and star engraver Johann Andreas Eisenbarth ("Doctor Eisenbarth"), who died while he was stopping off in Münden. Alexander von Humboldt is said to have been impressed by the city's location in the Weser breakthrough valley . However, there are no written records of the often used Humboldt quote that Münden is “one of the seven most beautifully situated cities in the world”.
The city was called Münden until December 31, 1990 . Since January 1, 1991, based on a council resolution, it has been officially known as Hann. Münden . The residents continue to call themselves Mündener .
In the oral language, official representatives of the city both Hann. Münden and Hannoversch Münden are used. National radio and television broadcasters prefer Hannoversch Münden , while regional broadcasters from Hann. Münden is spoken.
Hann. Münden is the southernmost city in Lower Saxony . It lies in a basin at the confluence of the Fulda and Werra rivers to the Weser , which is marked by the Weserstein at Tanzwerder . Both its western and parts of the eastern municipal border coincide with the state border to Hesse . The political municipality lies with its core city and the incorporated villages in the ground and on the slopes of the three river valleys; the only exception is the northeastern district of Mielenhausen . The Mündener Basin was a commercial and political junction in the Middle Ages, where the territory of the Welfen bordered on the areas of Westphalia and Hesse-Thuringia.
The city center with the historic old town is located in the extreme corner of the triangle where the Werra and Fulda meet the Weser. It is located 23 km southwest of the district town of Göttingen and 20 km northeast of the north Hessian city of Kassel . In terms of spatial planning, the city is part of the Hanover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg metropolitan region .
The city lies on the seams of the Kaufunger Wald (up to ) with the Kleiner Steinberg ( ) in the south, Reinhardswald (up to ) with the Gahrenberg ( ) in the west and Bramwald (up to ) with the Blümer Berg ( ) in the north, whose mountain ridges protrude like a nose into the Mündener valley basin. The first-mentioned low mountain range is assigned to the north of the East Hessian mountains and the last two mountain ranges to the Weserbergland . Parts of the Münden Nature Park are located on the Kaufunger Wald and Bramwald .
The Eselsbach, coming from the Kaufunger Wald, flows into the landscape-defining rivers at the Floßplatz in the Fulda , the Ilksbach at the last Heller into the Werra , the waters from the Bramwald, Schede (opposite Hilwartshausen ) and Nieme (near Bursfelde ) into the Weser.
- Highest point: Kleiner Steinberg ( )
- Highest residential development: Am Schäferhof ( )
- City center: St. Blasius Church ( )
- Lowest point: Weser pier Bursfelde ( )
Since the municipal territorial reform in 1973, the city of Hann. Münden from the city center and a total of ten districts together.
- Core city: Altmünden , Hermannshagen, city center, Neumünden , Kattenbühl, Blume .
- Districts: Bonaforth , Gimte (with Hilwartshausen ), Hedemünden , Hemeln (with Bursfelde and Glashütte ), Laubach , Lippoldshausen , Mielenhausen , Oberode , Volkmarshausen , Wiershausen .
The “urban areas” of the core city were created when the city expanded beyond the city wall of the historic old town according to plans by the municipal authorities in the 19th century, without being expressly dedicated as city districts (see § 40 NGO ). After further development of the city in the 20th century, they no longer cover all the built-up areas of the core city with their original borders.
The neighboring communities include Fuldatal , Reinhardshagen , Scheden , Staufenberg and Witzenhausen . Not far away larger towns are Göttingen and Dransfeld ; in the southwest is the city of Kassel .
Hann. Münden has the average annual temperature and the amount of precipitation in the temperate zone . Fog is quite common in the valley of the core city in spring, autumn and winter. The coldest month is January with an average of −1 to +2 degrees Celsius. The warmest months are on a long-term average July and August with 13 to 23 ° C each.
Monthly average temperatures and precipitation for Hann. Münden
Hann. Geologically and geographically, Münden belongs to the Lower Saxon mountainous region . The old town with the confluence of the Fulda and Werra rivers is located in a basin in front of the breakthrough of the Weser between the Rabanenkopf ( Reinhardswald ) and the Questenberg (Mündener Stadtforst); at this point the width of the valley is only 400 m. The shape of the Lower Saxony mountain region is a flat vault made up of layers from the Triassic period . The mountain heights and their flanks are made of red sandstone , shell limestone and keuper . Basalt cast of volcanic origin occurs in many places (see Kleiner Steinberg ), and quartzite has been found in some places . The Mündener red sandstone area, which emerged in the Mesozoic Era, is supplemented in the river triangle of Werra and Fulda by material from the Paleozoic Era , which was washed into the Mündener Basin via Eder and Fulda .
800–1200 first settlements and founding
The founding of the city is not exactly documented. The first written mention in a document from 1183 speaks of a city. Gimundi is considered to be a precursor settlement at the site of today's Altmünden district . It was given as a gift to the Imperial Abbey of Fulda Abbey around 802 . There, held Emperor Henry III. in 1049. The only structural remnant of Altmünden is the St. Laurentius church ruins . The settlement center of Münden, which is apparently planned according to plan, is an area of 450 × 350 meters in the confluence triangle of Werra and Fulda. Around the year 1200, the construction of the Münden city fortification began as a city wall with city gates and wall towers.
1200–1600 Stacking Law and Reformation
In 1247 the Brunswick Duke Otto I endowed the city with the Mündener stacking right as a privilege. This helped the city to a great boom and was not abolished until 1824. The shallows of the Werrahohl on the outskirts of the city also had a beneficial effect on Münden, as it forced the boatmen to unload their goods in the city. Only the construction of a barrage with lock and needle weir in the Werra in the 1870s removed this centuries-old obstacle to shipping. In the 16th century, due to the Weser trade, Münden was the most important trading town up to Bremen for goods mainly from Thuringia . Accordingly, the Schlagden were built on the western and northern outskirts of the old town as trading, transshipment and berths on the Werra and Fulda shipping routes . On the Werra was the Wanfrieder Schlagd and on the Fulda the Bremer and Kasseler Schlagd , on which the still existing warehouses of the Packhof and the Old Packhof were built. Above all, woad , an important blue dye at that time, glass , textiles and rafts with wood and grain from Thuringia were traded and transported on the Weser . Herring and other fish came from the North Sea up the Weser . In 1342 Hann. Münden afflicted by the Magdalen flood. A memorial stone on the St. Blasii Church provides information about it with Gothic lettering and at the same time marks the highest height of the water level at that time. At the beginning of the 14th century there were around 500 houses in the village.
Since the Middle Ages, Hann. Münden operated viticulture on the southern slope of the Questenberg for some time . This wine is called Questenberger . In an old spring from 1390, the Questenberger is mentioned as a remarkably good wine. The quality of the wine is attested again in 1545 at the princely wedding of Duke Erich II and Sidonie von Sachsen in 1545 at the Welfenschloss in Münden: The menu lists 26 loads of Franconian wine as well as two loads of five-year-old Questenbergers from 1540.
By marrying Erich I in 1525 , in whose principality Calenberg-Göttingen Münden was located, Elisabeth von Brandenburg was awarded Münden as a body breed and rulership. Elisabeth came into contact with the ideas of the Reformation early on and brought the reformer Antonius Corvinus to Münden. After the death of Erich I in 1540, Elisabeth took over government affairs as a guardian for her underage son Erich II and ruled with her residence in Hann. Münden until 1546. During this time, even before the Peace of Augsburg , they enforced Protestantism .
The pottery trade can be proven in writing in the place since 1561. The names of around 20 potters from the 16th to 19th centuries can be found in municipal and church files. They made Weser ceramics and stove tiles and worked as stove fitters . During excavations in 1979, potters and their garbage pits were archaeologically examined in several places.
1600–1800 Thirty Years' War and absolutism
During the Thirty Years War , the city was opened on May 30th . / June 9, 1626 greg. - Whitsun blood - captured by Tilly's mercenaries after several days of bombardment and killed a large part of the population.
In the 1730s, the Elector of Hanover Lieutenant Colonel Erich Philipp von Schwan was City Commander of Münden before he died there on February 2, 1738.
In 1776 almost 20,000 Hessian soldiers were embarked in Münden, which the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Friedrich II. To the Hanoverian Elector and King of Great Britain , Georg III. , had rented . They were used in the fight against American troops in the American War of Independence . The repatriation of the soldiers also took place via Münden in November 1783, but hardly more than half came back.
1800–1914 Wilhelminian style and industrialization
A number of companies that were important for the city (see companies ) were founded in the 19th century. Before that, in 1732 a manufacturing settlement with pottery, brickworks, ironworks and alum boiling was established outside on the Steinberg , which from 1757 continued to be operated as a faience factory in Münden . Münden was connected to the emerging railway network as early as 1856 .
In 1868 the Prussian King Wilhelm I founded the Royal Prussian Forest Academy in Hannoversch Münden . From this a traditional university for forest sciences developed , the Hann. Münden made known in German and international forest science. In 1870 the forest botanical garden was opened. In 1922 the academy was renamed the Forestry University and in 1939 it was affiliated to the Georg-August University of Göttingen as a forest science faculty; the faculty moved to Göttingen in 1970/71.
For centuries, basalt and lignite , clays and sand were mined in the Kaufunger Wald on the Kleiner Steinberg, among other things , which were transported on the Kohlenstraße and from 1894 to 1931 via the Steinberg cable car to Hann. Münden were transported.
At the beginning of February 1909 the Werra flood in 1909 flooded a considerable part of the old town.
On June 16, 1911, the Parseval airship PL5 was deflated in Hann. Münden destroyed by fire.
1933–1945 period of National Socialism
As part of the “Action against the un-German spirit”, some National Socialist students from the forestry faculty staged a book burning on the market square on May 10, 1933, as in many other places in Germany .
On October 1, 1934, the place became a garrison town again. With the Werratalbrücke of the Reichsautobahn (today's A 7 ) built in 1935 , the city had the largest European motorway bridge for several years. The Kassel-Göttingen motorway section with the Hann. Münden-Hedemünden was opened to traffic on June 20, 1937.
The November pogroms of 1938 also had their local characteristics. As early as November 8, 1938, considerable damage to property was committed in the Münden synagogue , and the Torah scrolls , prayer books and robes were burned in public on the Tanzwerder . In 1942 the remaining Jewish citizens were deported to concentration camps . It has been proven that 126 people died there.
During the Second World War , Hann. With a few exceptions, Münden was spared direct effects of war and combat operations. On May 17, 1943, the city was hit by a tidal wave that was triggered by the bombing of the Edertalsperre in Operation Chastise . It did considerable damage to the city but did not claim fatalities like in other places.
On March 30 and 31, 1945, two air raids took place on Münden; 32 people were killed and 50 seriously injured. One of the targets of the attacks by American bombers was the Gneisenau barracks near Gimte . In the Pionier barracks completed in 1935 , as in the Plan School at the time, the personnel department of the Army High Command was quartered until March 28, 1945 . Trains on the Dransfelder Rampe railway in the area of the Volkmarshausen tunnel were also bombed .
On April 5 and 6, 1945, shortly before the arrival of the advancing American troops, German pioneers blew up all bridges in the city area, except for the historic Werra Bridge, in particular the Werra Valley Bridge on the Reichsautobahn.
On April 6 and 7, 1945, American troops of the 69th US Infantry Division and the 273rd US Infantry Regiment, supported by the 777th US Tank Battalion and the 661st US Tank Jäger Battalion, took part in the fighting City a. 94 German soldiers, members of the Volkssturm and RAD as well as civilians were killed in the battle for Münden ; No figures are available on the American losses that occurred. According to the Allied agreements , the city was in the British zone of occupation, and British soldiers moved in on May 20, 1945.
Construction of the railway near Münden
On May 8, 1856, the city was first connected to the railway network by the Hannöversche Südbahn . The route led from Hanover, Göttingen and Dransfeld to Hann. Münden. On September 23, 1856, the Hannöversche Südbahn was extended to Kassel . To avoid a route over the Hessian region, the route from Göttingen was led via Dransfeld. For this, gradients of up to 18 ‰ were accepted. The Göttingen – Dransfeld – Münden section, which was closed in 1980 and was used as a freight siding until 1995, was given the nickname Dransfeld Rampe . This main line, on which the route kilometrage to Kassel is still based today, was built with two tracks from the beginning, while the Hanover – Göttingen and Münden – Kassel lines were initially single-track. The latter was the only railway line in the Kingdom of Hanover near Volkmarshausen near Hann. Menden a tunnel, which for the king was the decisive reason for the construction to Hann. Münden should have been. The real reasons for the Volkmarshausen Tunnel, however, were the cost savings and the desire to run the route at the same altitude as possible to Kassel. The Mündener Bahnhof, which was completed in 1857, is located on a hillside around 15 meters above the historic city center.
The current connection via Eichenberg to Göttingen was opened in May 1872 as the last construction phase of the Halle-Casseler Railway.
Garrison town of Münden
Since 1901 Hann. Münden pioneer garrison with a few interruptions. On October 1 of this year, the Hessian Pioneer Battalion No. 11, until then located in Mainz-Kastel , moved into the newly built Kurhessen barracks in Neumünden and remained, later renamed the Kurhessisches Pioneer Battalion No. 11 , until 1918 In the war years of 1914/1918, the 11th Pioneer Replacement Battalion trained a total of 21,000 pioneers for the battalion's war formations . After the end of the war until 1920, the 11th Reichswehr Pioneer Battalion followed.
For a transitional period from 1921 to 1934, the former pioneer barracks was the seat of the Hessian-Nassau Police School .
From 1934 to 1945 the area, now renamed Kurhessen-Kaserne , was initially the Pioneer Battalion 9, from which later the Pioneer Battalions 29 and 49 emerged. From October 1935, these units also used the Gneisenau barracks located near Gimte on the Gimter Feld (today, among other things, the training facility of the Lower Saxony police ), construction of which began in 1934. A water training area was built on the Gimter Aue on the Weser. During the war years, replacement battalions (for example, the Pioneer Replacement Battalion 29) trained pioneers for frontline operations in the Mündener barracks. Münden's pioneering tradition was ended for the time being when the city was taken by American troops on April 7, 1945.
With the formation of the Bundeswehr , pioneers again moved into the Kurhessen barracks. From 1956 to 1958, this was initially the Panzer Pioneer Battalion 5, which was then renamed Pioneer Battalion 2. In addition to PiBtl 2, the garrison always included independent companies with different names, for example from 1959 to 1981 the Panzerpionierkompanie 50. The Bundeswehr remained host in the barracks until the final dissolution of Pioneer Battalion 2 on March 31, 1993. The barracks area, which has been freely accessible since then, is now called the Fuldablick residential and commercial park and is used accordingly.
Police school / police academy
Hardly any other institution is so closely associated with the name Hann. Münden connected like the police .
From 1921 to 1934 the place was initially the seat of the police school of the Prussian province Hessen-Nassau . The police training was in the former pioneer barracks in Neumünden (later Kurhessen- barracks operated).
After the Second World War , on the orders of the British military government, the Hanover Regional Police School was relocated to the Gneisenau barracks on Gimter Feld, near what is now the Gimte district . For this purpose, a British battalion billeted there released the premises and was relocated to Goslar. On May 28, the police students and the device met in Hann. Münden. On June 11, 1946, the first training course began there. On January 1, 1947, the name was changed to Police School of the State of Lower Saxony , later the State Police School of Lower Saxony (LPSN).
At the beginning still under British supervision and control, the school developed over time into a modern training facility for the Lower Saxony state police . The state police school had its highest occupancy rate in the training and advanced training of police officers in the 1970s. Meals of between 1200 and 1400 people per day were not uncommon.
Due to higher quality requirements for the new generation of police officers , the LPSN was dissolved on April 30, 1997 and the Lower Saxony Police Training Institute (BIP NI) headquartered in Hann. Münden furnished. The BIP NI was now responsible for the planning, coordination and implementation of the entire training of the police in Lower Saxony. The previous police training was carried out independently in the form of a degree at the Lower Saxony University of Applied Sciences for Administration and Justice . Hann. Along with Oldenburg, Münden was one of the branch offices; the head office was in Hildesheim .
On October 1, 2007, as part of the reform of the police training and advanced training, another reorganization took place: the "Police Faculty" of the University of Applied Sciences for Administration and Justice and the Police Training Institute were merged to form the Lower Saxony Police Academy with headquarters in Nienburg / Weser . The university location Hann. Along with Oldenburg, Münden is one of two branches of the academy.
With the law on the reorganization of the communities in the Göttingen area , the prerequisites for a merger of the previous districts of Münden , Duderstadt and Göttingen into today's district of Göttingen were created. This law came into force on January 1, 1973. In the course of this administrative and territorial reform , the municipalities were reorganized at the same time and merged into larger units. So the communities Bonaforth, Gimte, Hedemünden, Hemeln, Laubach, Lippoldshausen, Mielenhausen, Oberode, Volkmarshausen and Wiershausen were incorporated into the city of Münden.
Development of the population in Hann Münden:
|Various and without confession||34.29%|
The most important church in terms of membership is the Evangelical Lutheran Church District Münden, which is divided into several parishes. The parish of Münden, which dates back to 1542, belongs to the Hildesheim-Göttingen district . The parishes of St. Lukas, St. Matthew and the Münden City Church were merged on January 1, 2012 to form the Evangelical Lutheran City Parish Münden.
As another church organized within the EKD , the Evangelical Reformed Church has been represented in the city with a significantly smaller congregation since 1708. The Catholic St. Elisabeth parish of the city, established in 1889, is a diaspora parish in the diocese of Hildesheim .
In addition to these large congregations, the city has a number of smaller active Christian congregations with the Adventist church , the New Apostolic Church , the Baptists , Jehovah's Witnesses and others.
In 1834 the Jewish community in Münden inaugurated a synagogue and from 1843 its members received full civil rights. All members of the Jewish community at that time were expelled, deported and murdered during the National Socialist era. Since then, there has been no more practicing community, but with the Old and New Jewish Cemeteries, two former Jewish cemeteries in the city area. Today, a memorial stone at the Münden Town Hall indicates the former Jewish community.
The Muslim community acquired a historic half-timbered building in the old town in 2000, which had been in use since 1922 by the Methodist community , which had been inactive for many years. She converted it into a mosque . The building is the only listed mosque in Lower Saxony. This is the New Sydekum (Sie dich um) , built on the city wall in 1783 as a hotel , which the Sydekum society used for cultural events from 1849.
The following table shows the results of the last five elections. The diagram shows the distribution of seats after the local elections on September 11, 2016 .
on September 10, 2006
on September 15, 1996
With 15 members, the SPD parliamentary group is the largest parliamentary group, further parliamentary groups are the CDU (9), the Greens / Münden active (3), the citizens' forum Hann. Münden (BFMÜ) (3) and STAND UP (started as Die Linke ) (2). Two other council members (FDP and ALFA) are non-attached.
The full-time mayor of the city is Harald Wegener (“Together for our Münden”, supported by the CDU and the citizens' forum Hann. Münden). On June 15, 2014, he was elected in a runoff election with 56.9% of the vote. His opponent Jörg Wieland (SPD) received 43.1% of the vote. The turnout was 43.0%. Wegener took office on November 1, 2014, replacing the previous mayor, Klaus Burhenne, who was no longer running for election.
badges and flags
The city coat of arms goes back to the privilege of the city by Duke Otto von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (1247). It shows in a red shield a silver castle with a broad-roofed, blue-covered and gold-crowned central tower between two pointed, blue-covered side towers; in the archway a red shield with a blue-armored golden lion (Welfenlöwe) inside; above the gate at the central tower a Gothic black M.
The colors of the city are yellow and red. The flag shows the colors yellow and red in two longitudinal stripes of equal width.
City partnerships and friendships
The city of Hann. Münden maintains a town partnership with the following foreign municipalities :
- Suresnes ( France ) since 1959
- Holon ( Israel ) since 1988
- Chełmno , Poland (German: Kulm on the Vistula) since 1992
The old district of Münden had a partnership with the London Borough of Hackney , which was continued by the district of Göttingen after the district reform in 1973 . Münden also maintains friendly relations with the following German municipalities:
- Steglitz-Zehlendorf district of Berlin since 2001 (before that to the Steglitz district from 1962)
- Oberviechtach (birthplace of Doctor Eisenbarth ) since 1978
- Quedlinburg (as part of the city union of half-timbered cities) since 1990
Culture and sights
In addition to the municipality, the most important bearers of the city's cultural life are associations, parishes and private individuals. They take on the general promotion of culture and special cultural topics such as theater, nature excursions and lectures, historical research, preservation of monuments and fine arts.
- The Mündener Kulturring e. V. offers lectures, readings, concerts, cabaret, exhibitions, study trips as well as visits to the theater and the like in accordance with its statutes. a. on.
- The Münden Nature Park e. V. offers events in and around the Münden Nature Park .
- The Touristik Naturpark Münden e. V. offers city tours and Doctor Eisenbarth events .
- The three rivers theater Münden e. In addition to the annual winter fairy tale, V. Münden also brings comedies, tabloids and crime novels to the stage.
- The St. Blasius Choir regularly organizes the church services in St. Blasius and presents different compositions in two large concerts every year.
- The City Museum Hann. Münden in the Welfenschloss shows its exhibits in the departments of town history, Gustav Eberlein , trade, shipping & transport, faience from the faience factory Münden and town archeology .
- The local history and history association Sydekum zu Münden e. V. offers u. a. Excursions to historical sites and current historically and folkloric important places and lectures with historical, folkloric and local history content.
- The festival monument! Art - art! Every two years, the monument opens up the world of historical Mündener half-timbered houses with art exhibitions, music events, theater, cabaret, readings and performances.
- The Stadtjugendring Münden e. V. coordinates youth exchanges and trips, organizes various local youth events and operates the Graffiti cafeteria in the Geschwister-Scholl-Haus, the youth center of the city of Hann. Münden.
- The city library in the Welfenschloss offers media.
Historical old city
View from the ferry gate tower to the historic old town
Water basin of the water traces project on the church square
The old town is rich in restored half-timbered houses and medieval churches such as St. Blasius and St. Aegidien . There are also buildings of the so-called Weser Renaissance , for example the Welfenschloss Münden and the historic town hall.
In the center of the city center is the town hall, the core of which is a Gothic hall from the 14th century. In the years 1603 to 1618 the building was rebuilt by the Lemgo master builder Georg Crossmann and received its decorative facade, which has been preserved to this day. From the Middle Ages until today, the building served as the seat of the city council and (parts of) the city administration. The lower town hall (Koph-Hus) is decorated with wall paintings that show extracts from the city's history. The upper town hall ( Hochtiedshusaquo = wedding house) is used today to hold exhibitions. There is a carillon on the northern facade , which shows a series of figures with scenes from the life of the craft surgeon Doctor Eisenbarth every day at 12:00, 15:00 and 17:00 .
St. Blaise Church
The Blasiuskirche is a three-aisled , Gothic hall church in the center of the old town. Construction began at the end of the 13th century and was built on the foundation walls of a basilica in the Romanesque style . The construction dragged on over several construction phases until 1584, when the tower covered with a Welschen dome was completed. As excavations in 1999 revealed, the church was surrounded by a cemetery, which took up an area of 2500 m². It was surrounded by a wall up to 1.4 m thick, which was built around 1200 and demolished around 1780. Even before the Romanesque basilica there were two more previous buildings on the site of the Blasius Church. Around 900 to 1000 a square tower chapel was built between the choir steps and the first pair of pillars of today's church. An early Romanesque church existed around 1125; a window of this church is indicated in the floor of the Blasius church.
St. Aegidien Church
Church ruins of St. Laurentius
The church ruins of St. Laurentius from the 11th to 13th centuries are located in the Altmünden district. The church was the house of God in Gimundi, a precursor settlement of Münden. Because of its mighty walls, the building was initially viewed as a fortified church . The church was demolished in the Thirty Years War , and its remains were excavated in 1996.
St. Elisabeth Church
Historic packing yards
At the top of the Schlagden , which were used for the handling of goods on the Werra, Fulda and Weser shipping routes , there are two former packing yard buildings . The Packhof on the Wanfrieder Schlagd is a classicist building that was built in 1839/1840. It stands out due to its size and its simple facade compared to the ornate half-timbered houses and today houses exhibition areas. In the old Packhof at the Bremer Schlagd now a hotel is housed.
The Welfenschloss Münden was built in 1501 by Duke Erich I as a Gothic building. It was a residential palace with an administrative seat. After almost complete destruction in a fire in 1560, Duke Erich II rebuilt the palace in the style of the early Weser Renaissance . Later the Welfenschloss lost its importance and was only occasionally used as a residence for the sovereigns . Another fire in 1849 destroyed the south wing, which was not rebuilt. From the time of the Guelphs , two renaissance chambers with extensive wall paintings are preserved in today's palace . Today the castle houses the city archive , the city library , the district court of Hann. Münden and the municipal museum .
Some parts of the medieval city wall of the Münden city fortification including its wall towers have been preserved. The wall was built when the city was founded in the 12th century. In the 15th century a modernization took place, among other things with stems for cannons. Large parts of the stone fortifications were demolished in the 19th century. When a 90 m long section was excavated in 1997, the wall was 1.8 m thick.
The rotunda is a city gate of the Münden city fortifications . Construction began in 1502 under Duke Erich I, and it was completed in 1579 under Erich II. Today there is a memorial for those who fell in the world wars inside the building and a memorial for the victims of the violence of National Socialism on the south side .
Old Werra Bridge
The old Werra bridge connects the city center with the flower . It was built before 1329. The original 5 yoke arches of the former stone bridge are still preserved, two more were added to the bridge in the 19th century.
The Tillyschanze was built between 1881 and 1885 as a reminder of the siege of Münden by the general Johann t'Serclaes von Tilly in 1626. It is an observation tower in the Reinhardswald above the city. Recent research shows that Tilly did not set up his cannons at this point, but below on the Fulda. Since 2010 the tower has been repaired by an association and donations. 1.4 km north-north-west of it lies the legendary "Freyastein" north-west of Altmünden .
The Weserliedanlage stands on the slope above Hann. Münden and the Weserstein on the right bank of the Weser, which begins here. We remember the poet of the Weserlied, Franz von Dingelstedt , and the composer of the song, Gustav Pressel . The Weserliedanlage offers a wide view over the city area.
The open-air stage is located at the Kattenbühl on the Tannenkamp in the middle of the forest and offers space for around 300 spectators. In 1929 it was decided to build the facility in a quarry owned by the Königshof forestry department and, in most cases, carried out in 1932 by the voluntary labor service (a publicly funded employment program of the Weimar Republic since 1931). The inauguration took place at Whitsun 1933. The local association “Die Spielbühne e. V. “renovated the main features of the stage, which has only been used sporadically for decades, in 2005 and plans to start regular play operations in the summer months. Since the summer of 2012, the "Friends of the Association for the Preservation and Restoration of the Historic Open-Air Theater at Kattenbühl e. V. “, which together with the above association wants to maintain the open-air theater.
Forest botanical garden
In the botanical garden , which is small but rich in species, there are over 700 different types and forms of wood that can be viewed daily. The garden, which is now a natural monument , was created in 1870 as a forest botanical garden of the Royal Prussian Forest Academy Hannoversch Münden .
Neumünden municipal cemetery
The Neumünden municipal cemetery is a historic cemetery. It contains historical gravestones and a burial ground for German and foreign war dead. The cemetery has in parts a park-like character with an old stock of trees and a historic chapel.
Traces of water
The art project Traces of Water - Making Water Visible was created as part of Expo 2000 . It finds expression in an open beekeep on Ziegelstrasse, in fountains and in a water playground. These installations are complemented by the EXPO water theme trail on the Doktorwerder , a small river island in the Werra. In 1999 archaeological rescue excavations were carried out in the redesigned areas in the city center . In the process, drainage channels and ditches were found, with which the flood and rainwater used to be carried out of the city.
Hann. Münden is known for its historic old town with its closed stock of half-timbered houses. The tourism office, which is located in the historic town hall, offers an overview of the tourist opportunities. Tourist offers consist of boat trips , city tours, canoeing , cycling and hiking tours in the city as well as day tours in the surrounding area. In addition, Hann. Visitors also have the opportunity to shop in the old town on Sundays. This applies to the period from December 15th to October 31st. Many shops are then open from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. Recurring events are:
- Doctor Eisenbart Games (in the summer months on an open-air stage in front of the town hall)
- Weser Marathon , on the 1st Sunday in May as a regatta for paddle and rowing boats over 135 km from Hann. Münden to Hameln.
- Monument! Art - art! Monument , a culture and art festival that has been taking place every two years since 2007.
- Rose Festival (mid-June, with the rose fairy election )
- Autumn and farmers market (last Sunday in September)
- Fairytale Christmas trip with around 100 events in Hann. Münden and neighboring communities (all of December)
Accommodation : Hann. Münden has more than 20 hotels and pensions, including two four- and three three- star hotels . In addition, numerous holiday homes and apartments as well as private rooms are offered for guests. In addition to these accommodations, there is a youth hostel , a house for friends of nature , three campsites and a motorhome parking space centrally located on the Tanzwerder .
Museums: In addition to the historic town hall hall with murals on the city's history, there is the city museum in the Welfenschloss Münden and the museum of the work of the workers' history association in the ferry gate tower .
Tourist routes: Hann. Münden is located on various national tourist routes.
- Automobile: German Fairy Tale Route , German Half-timbered Route , Route of the Weser Renaissance , German Holiday Route Alps – Baltic Sea
- Bicycle: Fulda-Radweg , Werratal-Radweg , Weser-Radweg , Weser-Harz-Heide-Radfernweg
- Hiking trails: European long-distance hiking trail E6 , student path (X13), Frau-Holle-path (X4), Werra-Burgen-Steig (X5)
Infrastructure and economy
The station Hann Munden is on the Hanoverian Southern Railway and the railway line Halle-Hann. Münden . From the train station of the middle center Hann. From Münden you can take regional trains to the cities of Göttingen, Kassel, Halle and Erfurt, where there is a connection to the long-distance network of Deutsche Bahn .
The high-speed line Hanover – Würzburg runs mostly underground through the city area; with the Mündener tunnel and the Rau hebel tunnel , which are connected by the Werratalbrücke Hedemünden , the two longest tunnels in Lower Saxony are in the area of the city.
Several bus routes have been set up for local public transport in and around the city . These are u. a. served by the regional bus Braunschweig and the regional traffic Kurhessen . City bus traffic in the city center and some districts is operated on five lines by the Hann. Münden (VHM) served. Hann. Münden belongs to both the Verkehrsverbund Süd-Niedersachsen (VSN) and the Nordhessischer Verkehrsverbund (NVV).
The city is via the two junctions Hann. Münden / Lutterberg and Hann. Münden-Hedemünden is connected to the A 7 and is therefore in a good location on the higher-level transport network. The Werra valley bridge in the Laubach district is located in the urban area. In addition, Hann. Münden at the intersection of federal highways 3 and 80 . Furthermore, the B 496 from Hann. Münden to the Lutterberg junction of the A 7.
In the summer season (May 1 to September 15) there are daily boat connections via the Fulda to and from Kassel-Altmarkt.
Hann. From 1906 to 1978, Münden had the Weser transshipment point, a loading point for inland shipping. It was used by the railway as a 1.5 km long branch of the Göttingen – Hann. Münden ( Dransfeld ramp ) developed. After 30 years without freight, the Weser transshipment point was reactivated in June 2008. Since then, goods have been loaded from trucks to inland waterways and vice versa again, primarily heavy machine parts.
Commercial zones and commercial spaces
A total of three commercial areas are available for large-scale settlement of trade, industry and logistics:
- Thielebach Süd, 28.62 hectares total area (6.78 hectares available area)
- At the railway, 20.84 hectares total area (8.56 hectares available area)
- Hedemünden 2, 16.9 hectares total area (13 hectares available area)
The Weser transshipment point Hann. Münden Wirtschaftsförderungs- und Stadtmarketing GmbH is entrusted with the tasks of commercial area marketing and settlement support.
The Hedemünden 2 industrial area, located directly on the federal motorway 7, was funded by the European Union . In a second construction phase, the industrial park is to be expanded to a total area of 27 hectares.
- Aldi: The food discounter Aldi -Nord has a regional branch and a large central warehouse in the Hedemünden district .
- August Oppermann Kiesgewinnungs- und Vertriebs-GmbH (AO): The August Oppermann company was founded on May 10, 1860 in today's Hann. Mündener district Hedemünden was founded by August Oppermann I. as a gravel and sand extraction company and has had its headquarters there ever since. The August Oppermann Kiesgewinnungs- und Vertriebs-GmbH is now run as a family business of the natural stone industry in its fifth generation and produced in nearly 30 works sand, gravel, limestone and greywacke. The company group currently employs around 120 people.
- AWUKO: The company AWUKO ABRASIVES Wandmacher GmbH & Co. KG is a medium-sized family company that produces abrasives . The company, founded in 1906, employed around 140 people in 2006. The company currently employs around 170 people.
- ContiTech MGW: The company Mündener rubber GmbH since 2007 belongs to the business unit Fluid Technology of ContiTech and develops and manufactures hose assemblies for the automotive industry. Founded in 1873 by Albert Kunth changed its name in 1899 first as Mündener Gummiwarenfabrik Gebr. Kunth GmbH and from 1905 as Mündener Gummiwarenfabrik GmbH . After a major restructuring of the group of shareholders in 1959 and renaming to Mündener Gummiwerk GmbH , the company was taken over by Phoenix AG in 1986 and became Continental AG in 2004 . With 950 employees (as of 2005), Mündener Gummiwerk GmbH is the largest employer in the city of Hann. Münden. In the meantime (as of 2016) it operates under the name ContiTech MGW GmbH as part of ContiTech AG.
- Eaton Fluid Power: The Eaton Fluid Power GmbH is a subsidiary of Eaton Corporation . The plant in Hann. Münden specializes in hydraulic hoses and systems. The company emerged from Aeroquip GmbH , which was founded in 1959 from Mündener Gummiwarenfabrik GmbH as a joint venture by German and American shareholders.
- Ernst Benary Samenzucht: Ernst Benary Samenzucht GmbH , founded by Ernst Benary in Erfurt in 1843 , was moved to Hann. Münden relocated. It specializes in breeding and seed production for ornamental plants. The company supplies international wholesalers in over 100 countries and in 2006 had around 270 jobs.
- Non-profit building association in Münden eG, housing cooperative with 824 own apartments in Hann. Münden and Dransfeld as well as a property management www.bauverein-muenden.de
- Haendler & Natermann: Haendler & Natermann , founded in 1825, is a packaging manufacturer and, as Haendler & Natermann Sport, a manufacturer of sports bullets.
- Stick packaging: The company stick packaging (billets Packaging GmbH & Co. KG) is a medium-sized family-owned and offers products and services of industrial packaging to. The company, founded in 1919, employed 2007 at its headquarters in Hann. Münden and around 150 employees at five branch locations.
- Metallumform GmbH: The automotive supplier was founded in 1971 at the Hann. Münden founded. Today, the metallumform Group designs and manufactures precision components using various metal forming processes: solid and hollow parts, collar and flange parts as well as connecting elements with special shapes.
- PUFAS: The company PUFAS (PUFAS Werk KG) is a medium-sized family company and offers painting supplies and renovation products . The company founded in 1928 employed in 2006 at the Hann. Münden around 130 employees and in 2005 achieved a turnover of 53 million euros.
- Schröder plant: The Schröder plant in Münden produced sandpaper until 2009 , which was sold under the Carbo Schröder brand, which was introduced in 1996 . Before the integration into The Carbo Group GmbH in July 2005 , the abrasive works had belonged to Carborundum Schleifmittelwerke GmbH in Düsseldorf , which at that time took over the family company CF Schröder from Münder. The company was founded in 1863, when Carl Friedrich Schröder was the first German entrepreneur to produce and sell coated abrasives in Germany.
- Weser-metal forming technology: The company Weser-Metall-Umformtechnik GmbH & Co. KG , in short WMU , is pressing - drawing and stamping parts as well as ready- welded components for the automotive and consumer goods industries. It was founded in 1986 out of Bokelmann KG (since 1953) and has been part of Edag's Production Division since 1999 . In 2006, WMU achieved a turnover of around 48 million euros with 200 employees. WMU has been part of Sungwoo Hitech since 2012. The South Korean manufacturer of components for the automotive industry has existed since 1977. It has an international presence, has almost 14,000 employees and generates annual sales of around 2.8 billion US dollars (2.2 billion euros).
- Police Academy Lower Saxony (branch)
- Logistics Center Lower Saxony , outfitter for North German police and judicial authorities as well as Lower Saxony state authorities (adjacent to the Police Academy)
- Grotefend-Gymnasium Münden for the school district of the former district of Münden
- Nephrological Center Lower Saxony, specialist clinic for internal medicine / nephrology , urology and kidney transplantation
- Northwest German Forest Research Institute (NW-FVA), Department of Forest Genetic Resources (former Hessian Forest Research Institute Hann. Münden)
- Waterways and Shipping Office Hann. Münden
- Münden vocational school
In alphabetical order of the surnames
- Karl Graf von Berlepsch (1882–1955), writer and poet
- Carl Julius Blumenhagen , honorary citizen of the city of Hann. Münden
- Elisabeth von Brandenburg , as the wife of Erich I (Braunschweig-Calenberg-Göttingen), carried out the Reformation in southern Lower Saxony from her personal breeding Münden
- Karl Brethauer (1906–1992), German studies specialist, archivist in the task force Reichsleiter Rosenberg, local history researcher, 1982 ring of honor of the city of Hann. Münden, revoked on March 15, 2012
- Ludolph Büsinck (1599–1669), customs administrator for the city of Hann. Münden
- Heinrich Christian Burckhardt , forest scientist and from 1844 to 1849 first teacher at the Münden Forestry School, honorary citizen of the city of Hann. Münden
- Alfred Cammann (1909–2008), high school teacher and writer
- Leopold Chalupa , retired general D., 1957 to 1961 in the Mündener PiBtl, was from 1983 to 1987 Commander in Chief of the NATO armed forces Europe-Center
- Ludwig Denecke (1905–1996), Germanist and manuscript librarian
- Philipp Paul Theodor Dürr (1793–1875), physician
- Gustav Eberlein , as a sculptor from the Münden district, maintained in Hann. Münden a residence with a studio
- Ernst Jacob Freiherr von Eckardstein (1742–1803), entrepreneur, landowner and Prussian chamberlain
- Johann Andreas Eisenbarth (1663–1727), craft surgeon, surgeon and star engraver
- Albert Fiege (1921–2016), politician (SPD) and former mayor of the city of Hann. Münden
- Günter Franzen (* 1947), group analyst and writer
- Hans Joachim Fröhlich (1923–2008), forest scientist, studied and obtained his doctorate at the forestry faculty in Münden, later headed the 1962 to Hann. Münden relocated the research institute for poplar farming
- Hanno Gerwin (* 1953), journalist
- Georg Friedrich Grotefend (1775–1853), teacher and scientist, decipherer of cuneiform script
- Sven Gösmann (* 1966), journalist
- Theophilus Andreas Hagemann (1661–1742), theologian and superintendent in Hann. Münden
- Niklas Hartmann (* 1989), soccer player
- Karl Hasel , forest scientist , taught from 1964 to 1970 in Hann. Münden
- Karl Richard Hornberger (1849–1918), mineralogist
- Niclas Huschenbeth (* 1992), chess grandmaster
- Philipp Eduard Huschke (1801–1886), lawyer
- Christian Kalkbrenner (1755–1806), choir director and composer
- Georg Kaufmann (1842–1929), historian
- Hans Kellner (1913–2008), senior district director of the Göttingen district, district president of the Hildesheim district government
- Johannes Krabbe (1553–1616), cartographer, mathematician, astrologer, geometer and instrument maker
- Horst Kramer (1924–2015), forest scientist at the Münden Forest Academy
- Heinrich Kuntzen (1893–1977), surgeon and university professor
- Rolf Lederbogen (1928–2012), designer, architect and university professor
- Adolphus Lotze (1812–1877), pioneer of the furnace business and the manufacture of air heating devices in the USA
- Rudi Lotze (1921–1971), trade unionist and politician (SPD), Member of the Bundestag
- Wilhelm Lotze (1800–1879), butcher, landlord, guild master and historian
- Burghard von Lüpke (* 1939), forest scientist, studied from 1962 to 1964 in Hann. Münden
- Gustav Mahler (1860–1911), composer, conducted the Mündener "Chorverein" from November 1884 to July 1885
- Alf Metzler (* 1951), archaeologist
- Karl Mewis (1907–1987), SED functionary and chairman of the State Planning Commission in the GDR
- Fritz Michalski (1902–1977), politician (SPD), Member of the Bundestag (1947–1967)
- Alexander Mitscherlich , chemist, built the world's first cellulose factory using the sulfite process (1877) in Hann. Open up
- Waldemar Mitscherlich (1877–1961), political scientist
- Inka Mülder-Bach (* 1953), literary scholar and university lecturer
- Nicolaus Jacob Carl Müller (1842–1901), botanist, first director of the Forest Botanical Garden
- Adolph Northen (1828–1876), painter
- Fritz Nüßlein (1899–1984), hunting and forest scientist
- Klaus Olshausen , Lieutenant General ret. D., from 1983 to 1985 Commander PiBtl 2, was from 2000 to 2006 German military representative in the Military Committee of NATO at the WEU and EU in Brussels
- Konrad Pätzold , civil engineer, received for in Hann. Münden held honorary posts in December 2009, the Federal Cross of Merit
- Heinrich Pforr (1880–1970), painter
- Hermann Rappe (* 1929), politician and trade unionist
- Felicitas Rauch (* 1996), national soccer player
- Lucy Redler (* 1979), until June 15, 2007 member of the Federal Board of Labor & Social Justice - The election alternative , now employed by a local party in Berlin
- Caspar Friedrich Renner (1692–1772), lawyer, Hanoverian director, structural engineer and town bailiff
- Wolfgang Röttger (* 1953), member of the Lower Saxony state parliament
- Franz Georg Ferdinand Schläger (1781–1869), pastor; Honorary citizen of the city of Hann. Münden
- Ronald Schminke (* 1956), member of the Lower Saxony state parliament
- Peter Schnittger (* 1941), football coach
- Reinhard Schober (1906–1998) forest scientist at the Münden Forest Academy
- Christa Schroeder (1908–1984), Adolf Hitler's secretary
- Wolfgang Senff , in Hann. Münden living politicians (SPD)
- Bruno Strauss (1889–1969), educator, Germanist and historian of philosophy
- Leo Sympher (1854–1922), hydraulic engineer
- Hermann Friedrich Teichmeyer (1685–1744), physician
- Cordula Tollmien , in Hann. Münden living historian and children's book author
- Adam von Trott zu Solz , diplomat, resistance fighter during the Nazi era, existed in Hann in 1927. Menden the Abitur
- Arnold Freiherr von Vietinghoff-Riesch , forest scientist and ornithologist at the Münden Forest Academy
- Eckart Voland (* 1949), professor of biology and philosophy
- Hanne Wieder (1925–1990), cabaret artist, actress, singer
- Peter-Klaus Witkowski (* 1949), retired general practitioner D.
- Ernst Wollweber (1898–1967), Minister for State Security of the German Democratic Republic
- Friedrich-Wilhelm Wulf (* 1956), archaeologist
- Heinz Detlef Wüpper (1911–1995), sculptor
- Ferdinand Wüstenfeld (1808–1899), orientalist
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- Weser transshipment point Hann. Münden Economic Development and City Marketing GmbH
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