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The commander -in-chief and highest military member in war is called a general or military leader .

By Carl von Clausewitz is called the "at the top of an entire war or as a general theater of war standing General ".


The general faces the political leadership and is subordinate to it. Since the military decisions for which he is solely responsible have consequences, he is also required to a great extent to have insight into the higher state of the state.


  • in peacetime planning of military options for political conflicts
  • in war the restoration of political solutions by destroying the opponent's ability to act militarily

In detail, its tasks are:

Generals in History

Clausewitz also mentions the sub-general , who, however, already differs greatly from the general, as he no longer has to bear sole responsibility for many decisions. Thus the dividing line to the general is clearly attributed to the incidental responsibility.

Since politics and the military have not always been strictly separated in history, some politicians and monarchs who commanded their armies in the event of war can also be counted as generals.

Well-known generals

See List of Military , Category: Military Person

Individual evidence

  1. Duden online: General and military leader

Web links

Wiktionary: Feldherr  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations