|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||81 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||92.18 km 2|
|Residents:||101,693 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||1103 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area code :||05121|
|License plate :||HI, ALF|
|Community key :||03 2 54 021|
|LOCODE :||DE HIL|
|City structure:||14 villages i. See the Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG); 19 (statistical) city districts|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Ingo Meyer ( independent )|
|Location of the city of Hildesheim in the Hildesheim district|
Hildesheim ( Low German Hilmessen, Latin Hildesia ) is a large independent city in Lower Saxony around 30 km southeast of the state capital Hanover and one of nine regional centers in the state. With around 100,000 inhabitants, it fluctuates on the threshold between medium-sized and large cities . In 2015 the city exceeded the population of 100,000 and has been a major city again since then.
The seat of the Catholic diocese of Hildesheim was an independent city until 1974 . In 1974 Hildesheim became a large independent town and a large city with the regional reform in Lower Saxony and since then has formed the district of Hildesheim , of which it is the district town, with the area of the former district Hildesheim-Marienburg , since 1977 expanded by the former district Alfeld (Leine) . From 1885 to 1978 there was an administrative district of Hildesheim . The regional representative for the Leine-Weser area , which covers the entire district of Hanover , which was dissolved in 2004 , has been based in the city since 2014.
Hildesheim is currently applying for European Capital of Culture 2025.
Hildesheim is located on the border of Innerstebergland and Hildesheimer Börde, mainly on the right bank of the Innerste River , an eastern tributary of the Leine . The city is located north of the Hildesheim Forest and west-northwest of the Vorholz ridge . The Giesen mountains border on the north-western outskirts of the city .
The city limits of Hildesheim extend to less than 15 km to Hanover ( Bockmerholz ) and Salzgitter ( Osterlinde ) in the north and east and to less than 30 km to the city limits of Braunschweig ( Ellernbruch ). The distances to the nearest large cities in the south and west are in the order of 50–100 km ( Göttingen in southern Lower Saxony and Paderborn and Bielefeld in North Rhine-Westphalia ).
* Distances are rounded road kilometers to the town center.
In the city of Hildesheim there are seven nature reserves : Am Roten Steine , Finkenberg / Lerchenberg , Gallberg , Giesener Teiche , Haseder Busch , Lange Dreisch and Osterberg and Mastberg and Innersteaue .
The following communities border on the city of Hildesheim. They are named clockwise starting in the north and all belong to the Hildesheim district: Harsum , Schellerten , Bad Salzdetfurth , Diekholzen , Gronau , Nordstemmen and Giesen .
- City center and new town
- Marienburger Höhe with the Galgenberg
- Moritzberg with the settlements Waldquelle, Godehardikamp and Bockfeld
- North town with tax forest
- Oststadt including the city field
as well as the earlier parishes
- Bavenstedt (including the areas east of the A7 that belonged to the former urban area )
- On one
- Himmelsthür (including the areas belonging to the former urban area in the area of the Sandstrasse and the Strasse Am Kupferstrange north of the B1 and west of the Innerste )
- Itzum - Marienburg
- Neuhof / Hildesheim Forest / Marienrode
One of the oldest rural settlements in Northern Germany was discovered north of Hildesheim, on the northern edge of the town of Harsum . Excavation work began in the summer of 2017, during which five oldest line ceramic house floor plans on a 78.5 m high knoll came to light, dating from around 5700 BC. Were dated. The houses, measuring up to 30 by 9 m, are oriented northwest-southeast and form a semicircular hamlet-like settlement that is open to the south.
An earlier claim that Hildesheim was called Bennopolis in 577 is not tenable, since the addition in a Parisian manuscript is obviously forged. The trade route, the name after a founder named Hildwin , but also other theses for the origin of the name are mentioned.
The development of the name must be taken into account (quote Brockhaus Multimedia 2002): “The name Hildesheim (so since the beginning of the 13th century) emerged from Hildinisheim (12th century), Hildeneshem (1022) and Hiltenesheim (1004). It contains the old German personal name Hildin or Hildini (in Old High German hiltia, fight) ”. The spelling Hiltinesheim corresponds to the Old High German, the form Hildeneshem to the Old Saxon form of the name. The original name bearer was possibly the oldest settlement in today's urban area, the old village , from which the later founded city took its name.
Historically, Hildesheim was also called by its Latin name: Hildesia .
City foundation and early Middle Ages
Excavations that were carried out on the Hildesheim Annenfriedhof immediately after the Second World War indicate that there was a mission or baptistery on the later Hildesheim Cathedral Hill in the 8th century. A little later, Elzes , the Carolingian outpost in the East Westphalian area, was expanded. It is possible that Elze was initially intended as a diocese location, as parts of this outpost from the late 8th century were under the patronage of the Apostle Peter . Elze (about 19 km west of today's Hildesheim) was called Aula Caesaris , or Aulica for short , as a reference to the imperial power . The more favorable location of the city was the decisive factor, so that the diocese was founded in 815 by Ludwig the Pious in the area of today's Hildesheim. The diocese was consecrated to Mary , the Mother of God (see also the founding legend ).
Gunthar and Rembert are considered to be the first bishops of the newly founded diocese . With Ebo, the former Archbishop of Reims ascended the Hildesheim bishopric in 845 . Ebo had got caught between the fronts of inner Franconian conflicts and must have certainly found his transfer to Hildesheim derogatory. Nevertheless, it seems likely that the young Hildesheim diocese benefited considerably from its contacts with the Franconian Reims. A Hildesheim list of fraternities describes the Reims Church as Mater in canonica institutione . The first cathedral was built under Bishop Altfrid . During Bishop Bernward's tenure, the area of the Domburg was expanded , which was now expanded by the wall that was erected around the year 1000 and the Michaeliskirche, which was built in 1010. The old market was located between the cathedral and Michaeliskirche . The cathedral castle can still be seen in the cathedral courtyard .
High and late Middle Ages
In the course of the development of the city's history, the craftsmen, traders and citizens' town of Hildesheim , which was mainly formed around St. Andreas , became an important community in the centuries after it was founded. In 1167 Hildesheim was an almost completely walled market settlement. A town hall was first mentioned in 1217.
Immediately next to the old town, the episcopal Dammstadt was built in 1196 and a little later - the first documentary mention dates from 1221 - the cathedral provost's new town . In contrast to the old town, both the dam and the new town were planned foundations or settlements, the regularity of which can still be seen in the street scene compared to the old town. Each of these cities represented a self-contained community and elected its own council. Due to the location of the dam city directly in front of the west gate of Hildesheim, it was perceived by the larger city as a threat and annoying competition. Precisely because of this, the entire city was forcibly brought to an end on Christmas Eve 1332. This event is closely linked to the double election for the Hildesheim bishopric in 1331, which led to a conflict between Heinrich von Braunschweig-Lüneburg , the candidate for the cathedral chapter , and Erich von Schaumburg, the papal candidate. After the city had first supported Heinrich, most of the council moved to Erich's side in 1332. This change of side was connected with Erich's promises to the city, which also concerned the dam city. Whether the Hildesheim citizens or Erich's troops were primarily responsible for the actual attack is disputed in research.
The city's increased self-confidence was already reflected in the transition from the 13th to the 14th century. In 1298, for example, a town seal with the inscription Sigillum Burgensium de Hildensem (seal of the citizens of Hildesheim) was handed down. Only two years later, the Hildesheim citizens also gave themselves their own town charter. This reveals the episcopal impotence and shows that the bishop had de facto surrendered a large part of his power over the old town . At this point, the topographical development of the city was already complete. Its boundaries were marked and it was essentially fortified. The changeable relationships between the legitimate city lord, the bishop, and his ever more emancipating subjects, the citizens and their council, were a constant in the city's history up to the end of the Middle Ages. After the revolt of the guilds against the council of 1343, they became involved in the city regiment from 1345.
Hildesheim also made external contacts, especially with other cities in the immediate vicinity. On the one hand, these connections should secure the autonomous status of the city, and on the other hand promote regional trade. The supra-regional networking of the city is certainly more limited. Nevertheless, 1367 representatives of Hildesheim took part in the Cologne City Council , thus underlining the participation of Hildesheim merchants in Hanseatic privileges.
16th to 18th century
After centuries of disputes, at the height of which the old and new towns were sometimes armed, a union with a Samtrath was only created towards the end of the 16th century , and as a result at least the inner wall was laid down. After two years of negotiations, the Union Treaty was signed on August 15, 1583. The old and new towns were not finally united into one town until 1806 under Prussian rule.
In 1523 the Principality of Hildesheim lost large parts of its territories as a result of the so-called Hildesheimer Stiftsfehde (1519–1523) (recovery only in 1643) and thus also power in the region. In 1542, the Reformation found its way into the city through Martin Luther's comrade , Johannes Bugenhagen . "The whole government of the city of Hildesheim" signed the Lutheran concord formula of 1577 in 1580. However, the diocese of Hildesheim continued to exist both as a Catholic diocese and as an imperial principality, and the cathedral and the monastery churches (St. Michael only partially) remained Catholic.
In the Thirty Years' War Hildesheim was repeatedly besieged and occupied, in 1628 and 1632 by Imperial, 1634 Braunschweig-Lüneburg by Union troops. Parallel to the economic decline of the city, the influence of the Guelphs grew . In 1711 Hildesheim had to take on a Hanover garrison. The city's own minting of coins ended in 1772. In 1796/97 the Hildesheim Congress of the North German Imperial Estates took place in Hildesheim .
The Bishopric of Hildesheim was in 1803 with the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss like all ecclesiastical territories secularized and the diocese ( Diocese ) Hildesheim 1824 newly circumscribed. Cities and the monastery area came temporarily under the rule of the Kingdom of Prussia . Only now have the old and new towns been united into one town. Even before the reforms that had been initiated were completed, the now secular duchy of Hildesheim came to the Kingdom of Westphalia with the Peace of Tilsit in 1807 . In the department of the Oker the city was the seat of the sub-prefecture of the Hildesheim district . After the Battle of Leipzig in 1813 with the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte , the Hildesheim district was assigned to the Kingdom of Hanover and in 1815 the seat of an office that belonged to the newly formed Landdrostei Hildesheim from 1823 . However, the city itself enjoyed a certain degree of independence from the start. The Hildesheim office was changed several times, including in 1852 some communities were added to the neighboring Marienburg office, whose seat was also in Hildesheim. In 1859 the Hildesheim office was assigned to 16 municipalities from the now dissolved Ruthe office.
After the German War in 1866, the Kingdom of Hanover became the Province of Hanover in the Kingdom of Prussia and Hildesheim was again a Prussian city. There was a rapid economic boom; the half-timbered buildings in the city center were largely replaced by new buildings.
The Hildesheim silver find from 1868 (today exhibited in the Antikensammlung of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin ) is one of the most important archaeological discoveries on German soil. Some historians even rate it as a reference to the Varus Battle (9 AD).
The fourth major cholera - pandemic (1863-1876) came over in 1867 the city. In 1869, the former St. Paul monastery church was expanded into the town's festival hall. In 1885 Hildesheim received the status of an independent city and became the seat of the Hildesheim district, which emerged from the Hildesheim office, and the Hildesheim administrative district, which emerged from the Hildesheim district. The Hildesheim district went through several changes in the period that followed.
1900 to 1945
At the beginning of the century the connection to the railway network was improved and from the summer of 1905 an electric tram operated . At Hildesheim Cathedral Courtyard, Europe's first fully automatic electromechanical local exchange was put into operation by the Deutsche Reichspost on July 10, 1908. The self-selection device with rotary dials based on the Almon Strowger patent was initially designed for 900 connections .
In 1925 the port operating company Hildesheim was founded and in 1928 the branch canal Hildesheim and the port of Hildesheim went into operation.
From the end of the 1930s, as part of the armament of the Wehrmacht, today's Robert Bosch GmbH plant was built in an area in the Hildesheim Forest belonging to the Neuhof district . The company, created under the cover name ELFI (Elektro- und Feinmechanische Industrie GmbH), manufactured starters , alternators , magneto starters and flywheel starters for large truck and tank engines of the Wehrmacht (see also Neuhof - ELFI-Werk ). From the end of 1942 to April 1952 the company operated as Trillke -Werke GmbH . During the Second World War , the Küstrin plant of the Bosch subsidiary Blaupunkt, which was endangered by the Battle of East Pomerania, was relocated to Trillke, where repairs to radio equipment began after the war . The Trillke works or Bosch / Blaupunkt, which were undestroyed during the war, were an important supplier to the automotive industry during the economic boom of the 1950s and became one of the city's largest employers.
The air raids on Hildesheim in the last ten months of the Second World War largely destroyed the city. A few weeks before the end of the war in Europe, the British ( RAF ) and Canadian air forces ( RCAF ) almost completely destroyed Hildesheim's old town, known as the “ Nuremberg of the North”, in the air raid on March 22, 1945 . Of the 1500 half-timbered houses , only 200 were preserved, while the vital Trillke works in the Hildesheim forest suffered no damage. 90 percent of the historic old town was destroyed in the firestorm . Of the total of 6934 houses in 1939, they were completely destroyed in 1977 (28.5%). 975 (14.1%) were severely damaged, 350 (5.1%) significantly damaged and 1772 (25.5%) were slightly damaged. 1860 houses (26.8%) remained undamaged. Of the 72,495 inhabitants (as of May 17, 1939), 34,000 (46%) became homeless. 50 percent of the industrial plants, 66 percent of the craft businesses and 80 percent of public buildings were destroyed. The degree of destruction of the city was 40 percent, according to other sources, 20-30 percent. The aerial warfare of the Second World War claimed a total of 1511 victims in Hildesheim, 824 of them on March 22, 1945. Other sources give a total of 1736 and for March 22, 1945 a total of 1006 victims.
Shortly before the liberation of the city by the US Army, end- phase crimes took place in Hildesheim, in which 209 people were murdered by the Hildesheim Gestapo . This is evidenced by the published collection of judgments by German courts on crimes committed by National Socialism with homicides. The volumes are based on the work of a research group in the Law Faculty of the University of Amsterdam and are edited by Dick W. de Mildt and Christiaan F. Rüter .
On April 7, 1945 troops of the 9th US Army occupied Hildesheim.
Post-war period until German unification
In 1948 the reconstruction of the city and its monuments began. The historical market with the bone carving office was rebuilt true to the original between 1984 and 1989. The half-timbered house on Andreasplatz, known as the Upside Down Sugar Loaf and completely destroyed in 1945, was rebuilt in 2009/2010, 500 years after its construction.
In 1946, the Marienburg district in Hanover , established in 1885, was merged with the Hildesheim district to form the Hildesheim-Marienburg district .
In the post office of the Hildesheim district Himmelsthür (then independent municipality) was 1967, the first Christmas post office set up in Germany. Thousands of children are still writing letters every year "to Santa Claus in Himmelsthür, 31137 Hildesheim" and receive an answer after a few days. With the Himmelsthürer Christmas stamps devalued Christmas special stamps Collectibles worldwide for philatelists . Regardless of the worldwide fame and despite considerable protests from local politicians and the residents of the district, the Himmelsthürer post office (“the heavenly post office”) was closed by the Deutsche Post AG . Children's letters to Father Christmas in Heaven will still be answered.
In 1970 Hildesheim became a university town when the Hildesheim department of the Lower Saxony University of Education and in 1971 the Hildesheim University of Applied Sciences (Royal Building Trade School Hildesheim, founded in 1900) started operations in Hildesheim. The incorporation of the 1970s led to an increase in the number of inhabitants, so that in 1974 the city limit of 100,000 inhabitants was reached.
As part of the district reform of Lower Saxony in 1974 , the previously independent city of Hildesheim and the district of Hildesheim-Marienburg were merged on March 1, 1974 to form the district of Hildesheim, which was enlarged on August 1, 1977 by the previous district of Alfeld (Leine) . On February 1, 1978, the Hildesheim administrative district was finally dissolved.
Until the dissolution of the district governments in Lower Saxony at the end of 2004, the district of Hildesheim and with it the city of Hildesheim belonged to the administrative district of Hanover. In 2005 Hildesheim received the award in silver at the municipal flower decoration competition “Our city is in bloom” .
In 2015, the city and the diocese of Hildesheim celebrated their 1200th anniversary and held Lower Saxony's Day from June 26th to 28th .
Hildesheim had had a small airfield since June 1926. Today's Hildesheim airfield was expanded into an air base from 1933 and was a reconnaissance school for the Air Force of the Wehrmacht until 1939 and also the seat of the Air Force Aviation School from 1934 to 1944. Further units were relocated to Hildesheim during the Second World War, u. a. the IV. Group of Kampfgeschwader 51 "Edelweiss" , the II./Zerstörergeschwader 26 and the I. Group of Kampfgeschwader 200 and paratrooper units .
The city's barracks were initially used by the British armed forces and, from April 1962, also by the German Armed Forces with Army Aviation Squadron 1 (until 1979). In 1979 the British Army used the area of the withdrawn Army Aviators of the Bundeswehr and stationed the 1st Regiment of the Army Air Corps with anti-tank helicopters there . The German army stationed the medical battalion 1 (later medical regiment 1 ) in the Oberstabsarzt-Dr.-Julius-Schoeps barracks.
On October 1st, 1993 the last British soldier left Hildesheim. Most recently, the 1st Royal Tank Regiment and the 1st RGT Army Air Corps were stationed in Hildesheim. Until December 31, 2007, the city was still the headquarters of the headquarters of the Panzer Grenadier Brigade 1 of the German Armed Forces in the Mackensen barracks, which belonged to the 1st Panzer Division in Hanover. In the Ledebur barracks , the army maintained a motor vehicle training center, formerly the 11th Panzer Grenadier Battalion, the 10th Panzerjäger Company and other brigade units. The tank battalion 14 was housed in the Gallwitz barracks until it was dissolved in 1992. In 1992, the medical battalion 1 was moved from the airfield to the Gallwitz barracks, which was also renamed Oberstabsarzt-Dr.-Julius-Schoeps-Kaserne. In addition, the city was the seat of a district military replacement office (KWEA) in the Waterloo barracks. In the course of the transformation of the armed forces of the Bundeswehr, Panzergrenadierbrigade 1 and the Hildesheim driver training center were dissolved on December 31, 2007 with the last 410 posts. This ended Hildesheim's 300-year tradition as a garrison town . Other military installations of the Bundeswehr in Hildesheim were the Osterberg site training area near Himmelsthür, the Emmerke site ammunition defeat and the Giesen site shooting range. These properties have now also been given up. The Emmerke site ammunition defeat has been completely renatured since August 2007. a. the guard and functional buildings are demolished. The Ledebur barracks were also demolished. The new Hildesheim Clinic was built in its place .
- 1911: Moritzberg
- 1912: Steuerwald
- 1938: Drispenstedt and Neuhof
- 1971, February 1st: Ochtersum
- 1974, March 1st: Achtum-Uppen , Bavenstedt , Einum , Himmelsthür , Itzum , Marienburg , Marienrode and Sorsum
The population of Hildesheim grew only slowly in the Middle Ages and at the beginning of the modern era due to numerous wars, epidemics and famine, but with industrialization in the 19th century the population increased rapidly. In 1803 the city only had 11,000 inhabitants, by 1900 it was 43,000, almost four times as many. In May 1939, 72,495 people lived in the city; on May 1, 1945 towards the end of World War II, that number had fallen to 39,492 - a decrease of almost 46%. By 1950 the number had returned to the pre-war level.
On March 1, 1974, as part of the regional reform in Lower Saxony through the incorporation of several places, the number of inhabitants exceeded the limit of 100,000, making Hildesheim a major city . At the same time, the population reached its all-time high of 107,629. Until the beginning of the 2000s, this number was constant at around 105,000 inhabitants. According to an update by the Lower Saxony State Office for Statistics ( LSKN since March 2008 ), 102,654 people had their main place of residence in the city at the end of September 2005 . With just under 100,000 inhabitants in the 2011 EU census, Hildesheim lost its city status in 2013. As of December 31, 2014, the city administration states a resident population of 103,634 people with main or secondary residence in Hildesheim. Since December 31, 2015, according to figures from the State Office for Statistics, the population has remained constant at over 100,000, which means that Hildesheim has regained the status of a large city.
The following overview shows the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status. Up to 1833 these are mostly estimates, then census results (¹) or official updates by the respective statistical offices or the city administration itself. The information relates to the local population from 1843 , to the resident population from 1925 and to the population at Location of the main residence . Before 1843, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey methods.
¹ census result
() Current numbers from the population register in brackets.
According to the 2011 census in the European Union , the following proportions result (rounded): 16% of the Hildesheim population is under 18 years old, 17% are between the ages of 18 and 29, 26% are in the 30 to 49 age group, 19% are 50 to 64 years old and 22% are 65 and older. Women are in the majority with 53%.
According to the 2011 census , 37.4% of the population in 2011 were Protestant, 27.8% Roman Catholic and 34.8% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. At the end of 2019, 33,510 (32.2%) of the 103,988 inhabitants were Protestant, 25,015 (24.1%) Roman Catholic and 45,463 (43.7%) were non-denominational or belong to another religious community.
In 815 the Saxon population of the area was Christianized and the diocese of Hildesheim was founded. From around 1000 ( Ottonian imperial reform), the bishops were also imperial princes of the Hildesheim bishopric . Its area, however, was much smaller than the ecclesiastical diocese, which extended far into the Lüneburg Heath . While the old town belonged to the Archdeaconate of St. Andreas, the new town was subordinate to a special archdeaconate under the Dompropst since the 12th century . There was also an Archdeaconate St. Nikolai, to which the dam city belonged. From 1300 the bishop lost large parts of his sovereign power over the old town, as the citizens gave themselves their own town charter. However, Hildesheim never became a free imperial city .
The Old Town Council under Mayor Hans Wildefüer resisted the Reformation for a long time. After his death in 1542 Martin Luther's comrade, Johannes Bugenhagen, was called to Hildesheim, who introduced a Lutheran church order , which the Neustadt also followed. After that, St. Andreas, St. Jakobi, St. Lamberti and St. Georgii as well as the monastery churches St. Michaelis, St. Pauli and St. Martini were Lutheran, while the cathedral, the collegiate church Heiligkreuz and the monasteries St. Godehard and St. Magdalenen remained catholic. The Catholic bishopric of Hildesheim did not go under, but has existed, besides Osnabrück, as the only one in northern Germany since its foundation. Due to the cathedral and its staff, the numerous monasteries and the population exchange with the surrounding monastery villages that remained Catholic, around a third of the population was Catholic.
For the Lutheran population, the Old Town Council saw itself as the owner of the lordly church regiment and “supreme bishop” of the city (including the Neustadt) and set up a consistory with a city superintendent as the administrative authority .
The Hildesheim Monastery was secularized in 1803. Only now were the Benedictine monasteries of St. Michael and St. Godehard, the Mauritian monastery , the Sültekloster and other remaining monasteries dissolved and their property and buildings added to the monastery chamber. The city 's Lutheran parishes have been part of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Hanover since then . The city became the seat of a state superintendent, dubbed regional bishop since 2020. Its administrative district is now called Sprengel , which consists of several church districts. The Evangelical Lutheran parishes of the city of Hildesheim now belong to the Hildesheim-Sarstedt parish. There is also a regional church community within the regional church .
The borders of the Catholic diocese of Hildesheim were redefined in 1824. Until 1930 it belonged to the ecclesiastical province of Cologne , then to the ecclesiastical province of Paderborn ( Archbishopric Paderborn ) and in 1995 it was assigned to the newly founded ecclesiastical province of Hamburg ( Archdiocese of Hamburg ). The five parishes of the city belong to the dean's office Hildesheim.
The Bishopric of the Serbian Orthodox Church , which is responsible for Germany, had its seat in the village of Himmelsthür , where the Bishop's Church of the Dormition of the Mother of God with the monastery of the All Saints Theotokos is located.
Among the Free Church congregations include a Baptist church community ( Baptists ), a Free Christian Community , a free evangelical community , a church of Christ , two Pentecostal churches and a community of the Independent Evangelical Lutheran Church . There is also a Seventh-day Adventist Church .
A Jewish community had existed in Hildesheim since the high Middle Ages and had owned a representative synagogue on Lappenberg since 1849 . This was destroyed in the Reichspogromnacht in 1938. As part of the National Socialist racial policy, the entire Jewish population of Hildesheim was deported and, almost without exception, murdered in extermination camps. A memorial stone now stands on the site of the old synagogue. It was not until 1997 that a new congregation could be founded, which today has 113 members in over thirty families. A processing of the history of Hildesheim during the National Socialist rule was carried out by the University of Hanover.
Land rabbinate Hildesheim
The Kingdom of Hanover established land rabbinates in 1842, which looked after all the Jewish communities in the country and supervised the religious instruction of the children. The Land Rabbinate Hildesheim comprised the Mining Authority Clausthal and the Landdrostei Hildesheim . The Berghauptmannschaft went up in 1868 in the Landdrostei, which was continued from 1885 under the name Hildesheim District. The Hildesheim Land Rabbinate comprised 32 Jewish communities. With the separation of state and religion in 1919, the school supervision by the land rabbis ceased. The Nazi authorities dissolved the land rabbinates in 1939. Land rabbis were:
- 1842–1846: vacancy
- 1846–1870: Meyer Landsberg (1810–1870)
- 1870–1874: vacancy
- 1874–1892: Jakob Guttmann (1845–1919)
- 1892–1935: Abraham Lewinsky (1866–1941)
- 1936–1938: Josef Schwarz (1906–1992)
At the beginning of the city stood the bishop's bailiff, but since the 12th century the citizens asked the burgenses or best, a kind of mayor. A council has been demonstrable since 1236. This had 36 members, twelve of whom changed the administration every year. A mayor is attested from 1345. In 1639 the number of council members was reduced to nine, from 1703 even to six. With the transition of the city to Prussia, the annual change in the council ended. Until then, the administration of the old town and the new town was pretty similar. Only the number of councils was different. In 1803 the old and new towns were finally merged and the now unified town was run by a magistrate. This included a city director as head, a police mayor, two police officers, a syndic and a chief chamberlain. From 1808 to 1813 the Franco-Westphalian May constitution was in force . In 1815, the Kingdom of Hanover introduced a new city constitution with an administrative magistrate and a judicial magistrate, which was later changed several times, but was retained in principle until 1933. With the formation of the Hildesheim district in 1885, the mayor was given the title of Lord Mayor . During the Nazi era , the head of the city was appointed by the NSDAP .
After the local elections on September 11, 2016, the distribution of seats is as follows:
|Hildesheim City Council|
|Faction / group||CDU||SPD||GREEN||AfD||Independent||left||FDP||total|
Lord Mayor and Administration
In 1946, the military government of the British zone of occupation introduced the North German Council Constitution based on the British model . After its abolition, the mayor was elected directly for the first time in 2005. Kurt Machens emerged victorious from the runoff election on October 2, 2005 . He took office on February 1, 2006. On September 22, 2013 Ingo Meyer was elected Mayor, who took over the official business on February 1, 2014.
Deputy Mayor Ingo Meyer is Mayor Beate König and Mayors Ekkehard Palandt and Jörg Bredtschneider. In addition to the mayor, three electoral officers are part of the administrative management: Antje Kuhne (City Councilor for Finance / FDP), Andrea Döring (City Councilor for Urban Development, Building and Environment / non-party) and Malte Spitzer (City Councilor for Youth, Social Affairs, Schools and Sport, non-party).
coat of arms
Blazon : “Divided, growing in silver at the top, a black, gold-crowned, gold-armored and black-tongued imperial eagle , quadrangular with gold and red at the bottom. On the gold-red puffed stech helmet with gold-red blankets, a growing gold- haired, blue-eyed virgin (Hildesia) in natural colors with a gold-red squared dress, in both hands in front of the crossing point of the robe a red and silver quartered wreath of eight heraldic roses holding, with the golden cloaks in the wreath and the right half of the collar in silver, around the head a red and silver ribbon, behind the head on the left with a slanting red and gold ostrich feather. "
The coat of arms was awarded to the city by Emperor Charles V in 1528 . The coat of arms privilege is in the city archive. The city flag is yellow-red.
The city of Hildesheim maintains a city partnership with the following cities :
|Angoulême , France , since 1965|
|El Minia , Egypt , since 1979|
|Weston-super-Mare , United Kingdom , since 1983|
|Padang , Indonesia , since 1988|
|Halle (Saale) , Germany , since 1990|
|Gelendzhik , Russia , since 1992|
|North Somerset , United Kingdom, since 1997|
|Pavia , Italy , since 2000|
Culture and sights
The Hildesheim City Theater is a three-part house . Since the 2007/08 season, the Hanover State Theater has been integrated into it and is now called Theater für Niedersachsen (TFN). The TFN is present at different venues in the state of Lower Saxony.
The Theaterhaus Hildesheim is the venue of the nationally known independent theater scene in Hildesheim.
The Hildesheim Theater Education Center (tpz) was awarded the federal MIXED UP! - Culture makes school awarded for excellent projects with / in schools.
- The Hildesheim Cathedral Museum shows the cathedral treasure and other important works of church art.
- The Neiss local history museum in the armory has a collection of textiles, graphics, ceramics and maps from the 17th to 19th centuries from the Silesian town of Neisse , along with other works that are well worth seeing .
- The Roemer and Pelizaeus Museum Hildesheim is known worldwide for its excellent ancient Egyptian collection. It also has a fine ancient Peru collection as well as important ethnographic and scientific objects. The large-scale new main building (architect Gerd Lindemann) was completed in 2000. In addition, the former Martini church serves as an exhibition space.
- The city history museum in the bone carving office documents the epochs of the city's history.
Up to now, housed in a city villa on the edge of the center and in over 20 branches, the music school has found its domicile in the former Waterloo barracks 24 A on December 1, 2005. Around 1,800 pupils are taught by around 65 instrument teachers. The age range extends from the music games for the youngest (for 1½ year olds) to the 98 year old student in the music club for adults .
The only permanent pan flute ensemble in Germany is based in Hildesheim. As an ensemble offer of the Hildesheim Music School e. V. the pan flute ensemble SYRINX has existed since 2003 with currently 16 members.
Today the Evangelical Center for Worship and Church Music of the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Hanover is housed in the Michaeliskloster , where seminars and training courses on liturgy as well as classical and modern church music take place; also the trombone work of the regional church.
The Hildesheim Wind Philharmonic was founded in 2018 as a project orchestra for symphonic wind music.
- Gallery in the Stammelbach warehouse. Support association for visual artists in the Hildesheim region V.
- The Hildesheim Art Association is dedicated to contemporary art.
Evidence of more than a thousand years of architectural creativity can be found in Hildesheim. As the largely neglected architecture of the period of reconstruction after the Second World War predominates in the center of the city, the historical buildings that have been preserved appear only as islands; such as the modest Jakobikirche in the main shopping street, stone buildings on the market square and the St. Andreas church, the towering tower of which marks the center of the city visible from afar. Only outside the central shopping area and near the north-western and southern medieval city fortifications do old monuments pile up. The Mariendom , the Michaeliskirche and other important sacred buildings as well as civil buildings of remarkable quality are located there.
Historic market place
After the Alter Markt and Andreasplatz, the market square became the center of trade and life in the city relatively late. In the early modern period, citizens and guilds presented themselves there in representative buildings. The town hall and the temple house were the only ones of these buildings to survive the devastating hail of bombs in March 1945, albeit severely damaged. Only the market fountain known as the Roland fountain remained largely undamaged . The post-war reconstruction, on the one hand, resulted in the Stadtsparkasse by Diez Brandi in 1949, a cautiously contemporary design language that took the historical context into account; on the other hand, a decidedly functionalist building was created in 1962/63 with the Hotel Rose by Dieter Oesterlen . At its predecessor building, which was destroyed in the war, the bone carving office building, a debate about the reconstruction ignited. In the 1980s, several citizens' groups called for a reconstruction of the market square and pulled the city administration on their side. After the post-war buildings were demolished, the three sides of the square adjoining the town hall were rebuilt with reconstructions in a few years; In addition to the bone carver's office and the neighboring baker's office, there is also the Wedekind house . The square , known since then as the historical market square , became the tourist center of the city.
The first cathedral was built in the 9th century under Bishop Altfrid. All subsequent buildings rise on its foundations. After the war was destroyed by the great air raid on March 22, 1945, the baroque style of the cathedral was abandoned and it was rebuilt in assumed early Romanesque forms. The bronze casts from the time of Bishop Bernward (993-1022) are world-famous : Bernward door with depictions of salvation history and Christ's column with depictions of the deeds of Christ. Further treasures are the Hezilo chandelier (Romanesque candlestick crown, "heavenly Jerusalem") and the late Romanesque bronze baptismal font . The rood screen, which is now in the cathedral museum, was created by the sculptor Johann Brabender from Münster (Westphalia). Also famous is the "thousand-year-old" Hildesheim rose bush on the Domapsis, which survived the firestorm of World War II and is Hildesheim's landmark . The cathedral itself was so badly destroyed that it had to be consecrated again on March 26, 1960 by the then Hildesheim Bishop Heinrich Maria Janssen after the reconstruction was completed . The Hildesheim cathedral is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985. In the western extension of its axis is the former prince-bishop's residence , today the episcopal general vicariate. On January 10, 2010, the cathedral was closed for a four and a half year general renovation and reopened on August 15, 2014.
The Lambertikirche , built from 1474 to 1488 as the parish church of the Neustadt , is a late Gothic hall church and the only hall church in the city. It became Protestant in 1542. On February 22, 1945, the choir, transept, roof and windows were severely damaged by high explosive bombs. During another air raid on March 22, 1945, it burned down completely, only the surrounding walls and the substructure of the tower remained. It was rebuilt in the post-war years, initially without the previous spire. In 2007 the tower received a new helmet.
Bishop Bernward began building Michaeliskirche at the beginning of the 11th century as his Church of the Holy Sepulcher; it was completed under Bishop Godehard. The pre-Romanesque ( Ottonian ) building concept combines the idea of the “city of God” with a geometrically square room structure. The Michaelskirche is considered to be the earliest church building built continuously using the bound system . In the 12th century, all but two of the nave columns were renewed, and in the first half of the 13th century the west choir was expanded and the nave ceiling (Christ's family tree) was painted. In addition to this ceiling painting as an important piece of equipment, the northern part of the late Romanesque choir screen was preserved. It is noteworthy that the crypt of St. Michael is still consecrated to a Catholic church despite being consecrated from a Catholic church to a Protestant one. After numerous changes over the centuries, St. Michael was rebuilt in its original form after it was destroyed in the war and completed with glass windows by Charles Crodel . It is one of the most famous photo opportunities in the city and can therefore be described as an urban landmark. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985 and is used together with the Cathedral of the city as an advertising motif on the Tourist Under signposts at the Highway 7 . In 2010 the 1000th anniversary of the church was celebrated.
The motif of the Michaeliskirche was minted on the reverse of German two-euro coins in 2014 and represents the state of Lower Saxony as part of the commemorative coin series (2006-2021).
The St. Godehard Basilica was built in the 12th century after the canonization of the Benedictine abbot and later Hildesheim Bishop Godehard (Gotthard) as a Benedictine monastery church in the high Romanesque style and has been preserved without any major changes. The painting and furnishings date from the 19th century.
The Godehardikirche was damaged in the Second World War in air raids on February 13, 1945, February 22, 1945 and March 22, 1945, especially in the area of the north aisle, but the damage could be repaired in 1945, so that the church in the same Year was available again for church services. It was the only church in the center of Hildesheim that was spared major damage. Parts of the cloister area (east wing with chapter room, south wing with late medieval vaulted cellars) have been preserved, but the substance of the southern parts of the room was impaired during a renovation in the second half of the 20th century. The church was elevated to a papal minor basilica in 1963 . Opposite the Godehardikirche is the Romanesque Nikolaikapelle , a former parish church that was converted into a residential building after 1803.
The St. Andreas Church , today Evangelical Lutheran, is a market and community church in the Gothic style. It was built around 1140 as a Romanesque basilica , which is partially preserved in the masonry of the tower. It was a collegiate church from around 1200 . The Gothic building was built from 1389 to 1504. On September 1, 1542, Johannes Bugenhagen introduced the Reformation in Hildesheim in the St. Andrew's Church. The tower was increased to 114.5 meters at the end of the 19th century. Since then it has been the tallest church tower in Lower Saxony and one of the tallest church towers in the world . During the Second World War, several windows of the church were damaged in an air raid on February 22, 1945; During the heaviest air raid on Hildesheim on March 22, 1945, it was destroyed by high explosive and incendiary bombs. Only the outer walls and tower remained. The reconstruction was completed in 1965. In the basilica there is one of the largest and most beautiful organs in northern Germany with 63 registers and 4734 pipes, which unfolds an unusual volume of sound in the mighty church interior.
The construction of St. Jakobi , a single-nave Gothic church, began in 1503 and the tower was completed in 1514. It rises on Almsstrasse, at the corner of Jakobistrasse, which was mentioned under this name as early as 1204; at that time there was a chapel of the same name there. During the Second World War, the roof and windows of the Jakobikirche were severely damaged on February 22, 1945 and on March 22, 1945 it burned down completely. Only the surrounding walls and the tower remained. Reconstruction began in the summer of 1948 and was completed in 1949. In 2014 it became a cultural church with a focus on literature and houses the "Literaturhaus St. Jakobi Hildesheim". It is still used as a church.
The Magdalenenkirche , an early Gothic former monastery church on the Innersteufer, is especially important because of the silver shrine of St. Bernward and the elf altar (around 1520). Construction began in 1234 in the Romanesque style, but in 1456 it was extended to the east in the Gothic style. The western part of the church is therefore the oldest. In 1721 and when the church was enlarged again in 1797, it was redesigned in the Baroque style. The monastery was secularized in 1810. On March 22, 1945, the Magdalenenkirche was destroyed by fire bombs, only the surrounding walls and the two side towers in the west remained. However, all works of art had previously been removed from the church so that they were preserved intact. In 1960/61 the Magdalenenkirche was rebuilt in the original style, so it has various window structures from all three styles. Not far away is the baroque Magdalenengarten , one of the oldest historical gardens in Lower Saxony, which was laid out in the 13th century as the Magdalenenkloster's cloister garden and redesigned from 1720 to 1725 as a baroque ornament garden.
The former collegiate church of St. Mauritius was built between 1058 and 1072 as an early Romanesque basilica and has been preserved without any major changes. The interior is baroque. The crypt and the cloister are remarkable.
Especially in Hildesheimer Neustadt, but also on Moritzberg , a number of old half-timbered houses have been preserved ( Keßlerstrasse , Knollenstrasse , Lappenberg, Am Kehrwieder , Brühl , Hinterer Brühl , Gelber Stern, Godehardsplatz; Bergstrasse , Dingworthstrasse, Godehardistrasse, Elzer Strasse). Particularly worth seeing are the armory built in 1548 (Gelber Stern 21) and the Werner House from 1606 (Godehardsplatz), both of which are richly decorated with carvings. The Dompropstei is on Keßlerstrasse. The half-timbered houses on the market square and the inverted sugar loaf on Andreasplatz are reconstructions .
Hildesheim has a Bismarck tower built in 1905 of the Götterdämmerung type . It stands at the beginning of the Galgenberg east of the city center and offers a wide view of Hildesheim and the surrounding area from its viewing platform.
In the north of the city, in the Steuerwald district, the Steuerwald Castle , built between 1310 and 1313 as an episcopal protective and stronghold, is worth seeing. The palace, the 26-meter-high and widely visible keep from 1325 and the originally Romanesque Magdalena Chapel, built in 1310 and redesigned in Gothic style in 1507, are well preserved. Part of the moat and the castle wall can still be seen. The traditional Django Reinhardt Festival, organized by the Hildesheim Sinti Association , takes place every year in the inner courtyard of the medieval castle .
- The huckup is a popular legendary figure.
- The Bernwards monument from 1893 commemorates Bishop Bernward von Hildesheim (ruled 993-1022).
- The Rainald-von-Dassel monument is on the corner of Langelinienwall and Johannisstraße .
- A sculpture on the former site of the synagogue commemorates the November pogroms in 1938 .
- A fountain on Andreasplatz has been commemorating the reformer Johannes Bugenhagen since 1995 .
- At the corner of Alfelder Strasse and Matthiaswiese, a memorial commemorates Oskar Schindler , who lived in Hildesheim, Göttingstrasse 30 from 1971–1974 and died in Hildesheim in 1974.
- January / February: Youth makes music competition at regional level
- January: EVI LICHTUNGEN International Light Art Biennale for the first time in autumn 2015, since January 2018 every two years (city center)
- January to February: Hildesheim Ice Age with winter market and alpine hut (Platz an der Lilie)
- February: Jugend forscht regional competition
- February / March: Regional fair since 2003 annually:
- April: HAWK cordless screwdriver race
- April: Hildesheimer Schmeckfest (Hildesheim city center) since 2016
- May: Hildesheimer Automeile (Hildesheim city center)
- May: Hildesheim Wine Festival (market square)
- May / June (/ July): transeuropean festival for performative arts (every three years)
- May to September: skate by night
- May / June (at Pentecost): Jazz Festival Jazztime
- May / June: Prosanova Festival every three years since 2005. A multi-day festival for young German-language literature
- June: Magdalenenfest. A two-day rose festival in the baroque garden with show, art, culture, fashion and culinary delights (old town, at the St. Michaelis World Heritage Site)
- June to September: Jo-Beach . Drinks, music, sun loungers, palm trees and the beach right on the Hohnsensee until late in the evening
- June to September: Citybeach Hildesheim. Beach, palm trees, drinks and chill-out music (Platz An der Lilie)
- June: Hildesheim Schützen- und Volksfest on the Volksfestplatz (from 2013 to 2016 as Hildesia City Festival at various venues in the city center)
- June to August: Summer church music in St. Michael
- July to August: Hildesheim Market Square Music Days (open-air live music on the historic market square on Fridays and Saturdays from 7 p.m.)
- June / July: Hildesheim flashes, every odd year. A three-day art / culture / theater / music festival along the historic ramparts and parts of the old town *
- July: Django Reinhardt Festival Hildesheim, two-day open-air festival at Steuerwald Castle
- June / July: Romantic night - music before eight to midnight, every odd year. An evening with classical music (choir, orchestra, chamber music) at various venues in the historic city center and with a grand open-air finale on the market square
- July: UNI-Midsummer Night: Music and culture festival of the University of Hildesheim on the grounds of the medieval Marienburg domain in Hildesheim
- Summer holidays: paddling courses for beginners and advanced in the schools canoeing and environmental center
- Summer holidays: Organ concert in the Mariendom every Sunday at 6 p.m.
- August: M'era Luna Festival
- August: Marienrode monastery concert (Marienrode monastery)
- August / September: pavement magic , street music and street art festival
- September: Technorama, classic car fair
- September: Farmer's market with Sunday shopping
- October: Autumn time - experience aging, annual regional fair since 2006
- October: light night shopping
- November / December: Christmas market (historical market square and square An der Lilie)
Before and after the Second World War, Hildesheim was mainly known for football. In the last few decades, however, swimmers, handball players, volleyball players and the Hildesheim Invaders have overtaken footballers.
In the 2008/2009 season Hildesheim was represented in the volleyball Bundesliga by the syndicate TSV Giesen / 48 Hildesheim . After the merger of the two second division clubs TSV Giesen and MTV 48 Hildesheim, the team made it to the top German division in the 2007/08 season. The volleyball players' home games took place in Hall 39 in Hildesheim. At the end of the season, however, the first division could not be held.
In the 2009/2010 season, the team finished second in the 2nd Bundesliga North .
The 2010/2011 season was a more than successful season for the Hildesheim volleyball players. With a record of 44: 0 points, the championship and promotion to the 1st Bundesliga was won in the 2nd Bundesliga.
In the middle of the summer break, however, the club waived promotion to the German upper house for financial reasons. One reason may have been the simultaneous rise of the Eintracht handball players, so that there were simply not enough sponsors available for the TSV / 48 volleyball players. Unfortunately, the team fell apart almost completely after this withdrawal.
The second division season 2011/12 was surprisingly positive, the newly formed team ended the season in 4th place in the table. In the summer break, however, important players left the club again, so that an almost new team had to be built up again for the 2012/13 season, but which ended the season in a secure midfield.
The swimmers of VfV Hildesheim started in the 1st Bundesliga in 2009. After one season, however, the young team had to relegate to the 2nd Bundesliga.
For a few years the women of the now dissolved EVI Hildesheim (SG Hildesheim) also swam in the 1st Bundesliga.
The last time they made it to the 1st Bundesliga in 2011 , which ended with their last place in the table and direct relegation.
The handball players also made the leap into the German upper house in 2000 and 2006, as well as in 1968 in the double-track first division. The seasons ended in each case as bottom of the table with direct relegation.
After relegation to the 2nd Bundesliga in 2007, the handball players played for direct re-promotion in the 2007/08 season, which was gambled away shortly before the end of the season.
After a very mixed season, substantial investments were made in the 2010/2011 season in building up a new team that should play for the top places. Started as one of the promotion favorites, the promotion to the 1st Bundesliga could be celebrated at the end of the season. The first division season 2011/12 was not very successful, the Hildesheimers were determined as relegated early on and found themselves in the single-track second division for the 2012/13 season.
For the 2012/13 season , a place among the top five teams was sought, with the hope of being able to achieve a promotion place. After the first half of the season, however, these ideas were no longer realistic, the club had not yet recovered from relegation and had made great efforts to stay away from the relegation places. At the end of the season, a disappointing 13th place was taken.
For the 2013/14 season , the management had set the season goal of non-relegation and finally achieved this goal.
Eintracht Hildesheim plays its home games in the Rex-Brauns sports hall on Schützenwiese and Pappelallee. The hall was rebuilt and expanded until 2007, when it was called the Sparkassen-Arena. In a joint project between Volksbank Hildesheim-Lehrte-Pattensen and Volksbank Hildesheimer Börde , it was renamed Volksbank-Arena in 2017.
Hildesheim was a football stronghold for many years. The local VfV Hildesheim came to a total of six first division years after the Second World War . After the 2002/03 season, the football department of VfV merged with Borussia Hildesheim to form VfV 06 Hildesheim . In the first season as VfV 06, the club missed the qualification for the single-track Oberliga Nord and had to relegate to the 5th division, the Lower Saxony league at that time .
After the 2008 season, the Lower Saxony League was renamed the Lower Saxony Football League . VfV 06 qualified in the 2009/10 season for the single-track Oberliga Lower Saxony, where SV Bavenstedt also played until 2009/2010 . In the 2014/15 season , VfV took second place in the table, won the subsequent relegation round and rose to the Regionalliga Nord (4th division). After three years in the regional league, they were finally relegated to the Lower Saxony Oberliga in the 2017/18 season . In addition to the A and B youth of VfV, the offspring of the 1. JFC Achtum / Einum / Bavenstedt Hildesheim are also very successful in their respective leagues.
The women's football of PSV GW Hildesheim is successful. The first women played from the 2009/10 season to the 2013/14 season in the Lower Saxony Oberliga, the fourth highest league. The successful recovery came in the 2015/2016 season. The B-Juniors have been playing in the Lower Saxony League (second highest division) since the 2011/2012 season. In the 2013/2014 season, the Lower Saxony and North German Cups were brought to the cathedral city.
Associations for fringe sports from Hildesheim achieved success. The water polo players of Hellas 1899 Hildesheim played in three phases in the 1st Bundesliga ( German Water Polo League ) between 1986 and 2008 , and RTC Merkur Hildesheim was successful in cycling for years. The Hildesheim Invaders , in 1990/91 already had one season in the 1st Bundesliga and played in American Football in 2009, 2012 and since 2014 in the 2nd Bundesliga . In 2015 he was promoted to the 1st Bundesliga again. In addition, the Steeldarters from Thorny Roses DC Hildesheim were represented in the Steeldart Bundesliga between 2005 and 2008. In 2015 they managed to rise again. Since 2013, an annual world ranking tournament has been held in Hall 39 with the German Darts Championships .
With the white water sports facility in Bischofsmühle , which was inaugurated in 1982 , Hildesheim has the only facility of its kind in northern Germany. As a result, canoe slalom and white water sports, which had also been practiced beforehand in the Canoe and Sailing Guild, developed into a successful Hildesheim sports project. Numerous championship titles at regional and state level were won. The Lower Saxony state school authority designated the canoe center, which had also existed since 1982, as a state-wide base for canoe school sports. School sports groups from all over Lower Saxony have been working here every year since then. Further teacher training courses take place here. During the summer holidays, the center organizes canoeing holiday courses for children and young people between 5 and 20 years of age. With around 600 participants annually, the offer is one of Hildesheim's sports success stories.
In 2009 the city of Hildesheim was nominated in the nationwide MissionOlympic competition as one of the 28 most active and active cities in Germany.
The OlympiaCamp association has organized the OlympiaCamp every year since 2003 . In 2009, 570 children took part and were able to try out 17 different sports. The 2009 OlympiaCamp was awarded the Germany - Land of Ideas prize for its exemplary commitment .
Economy and Infrastructure
The most important companies are Bosch , Eickhoff-Stahlbau and KSM Castings GmbH (formerly Kloth- Senking metal foundry); In addition, the world market leader and gyroplane manufacturer AutoGyro is based at Hildesheim airfield . Furthermore, there is a production and logistics location of Coca-Cola Erfrischungsgetränke AG (formerly Hessisch-Niedersächsische Getränke GmbH & Co. KG and Walter Hauß Getränke), as well as Rewe-Foodservice since March 2009 with its logistics and freshness center, in Hildesheim taken over by Transgourmet , a subsidiary of the Swiss Coop . The oldest retail business in town is the gold and silversmith Th. Blume, founded in 1858 .
Appeared in Hildesheim in the 17th century with the Hildesheim relation one of the first newspapers in Germany. This newspaper is said to have existed from 1617 to 1632 according to unaccounted for literature, but only the years 1619 and 1620 are proven. On June 24, 1705, another newspaper followed with the Hildesheimer Relations-Courier , which still appears today under the name Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung . This makes it the oldest daily newspaper in Germany. It has been owned by Gerstenberg Verlag since 1807 .
Founded in 1976 as the first Sunday paper in Germany, Kehrwieder am Sonntag is the leading weekly newspaper in the Hildesheim / Vorharz region with a circulation of more than 126,450 copies.
On February 16, 2008 the biennial Hildesheimer Bote was published for the first time , with a circulation of 101,000 copies.
Furthermore, the following nationally important public institutions have their headquarters in Hildesheim:
- Chamber of Crafts Hildesheim-Südniedersachsen - chamber district are the districts (or sub-districts) Hildesheim (I), Göttingen (II), Northeim (III), Osterode am Harz (IV) and Holzminden (V)
- Lower Saxony State Audit Office
- Lower Saxony State Office for Social Affairs, Youth and Family (LS, State Social Office )
- Lower Saxony State Office for Water Management, Coastal Protection and Nature Conservation (NLWKN, formerly: Lower Saxony State Office for Ecology NLÖ)
- The Lower Saxony State Institute for School Quality Development (NLQ)
- Family office of the city of Hildesheim (Andreaspassage / city center)
- The Hildesheim Cathedral Library is a public, scientific library. It houses one of the most important book collections in Northern Germany. It is the only library in Lower Saxony that dates back to the Middle Ages, and with a history of more than 1200 years it is also the oldest library in Northern Germany.
- The old holdings of the scientific library of the city archive include the so-called Andreas library with works from the 16th to 18th centuries and more than 200 incunabula as a closed collection (around 4,000 volumes) .
- Universities, adult education
- University of Hildesheim ; Originally there was a cathedral school in Hildesheim, from which a philosophical-theological educational institution emerged in 1643 and finally a seminary in 1887. In 1946 a pedagogical university was built in neighboring Alfeld (Leine). The Hildesheim University of Applied Sciences emerged from this institution in 1978 and became the University of Hildesheim in 1989. In 2003 the Hildesheim University Foundation was established.
- North German University of Applied Sciences for Administration of Justice (since October 1, 2007) as the successor to the former Faculty of Administration of Justice of the Lower Saxony University of Applied Sciences for Administration and Justice, which was dissolved on September 30, 2007.
- University of Applied Science and Art ; Founded in 1971 from several previous institutions for craft, construction and social education with the locations Hildesheim and Holzminden . In 1974 another location was opened in Göttingen . Until 2003 it was called the Hildesheim / Holzminden / Göttingen University of Applied Sciences.
- State education center for the hearing impaired ; founded in 1829. It offers early learning , a kindergarten for the hearing impaired, a school, a vocational school and vocational training. The pupils and trainees can live in a boarding school.
- Hildesheim seminary and conference center of the diocese
- St. Vinzenz conference center in the Bernwardshof of the Sisters of Mercy of St. Vincent de Paul
- Gymnasiums, comprehensive schools
- Gymnasium : Gymnasium Andreanum , Gymnasium Marienschule , Gymnasium Josephinum Hildesheim , Scharnhorstgymnasium Hildesheim , Goethegymnasium Hildesheim , Michelsenschule, Gymnasium Himmelsthür. At two other schools there are grammar schools: Free Waldorf School Hildesheim and Robert Bosch Comprehensive School . Upper secondary schools (grades 11 to 13; access with an extended secondary qualification) are also available at various vocational schools: Friedrich-List-Schule (Fachgymnasium Wirtschaft), Herman-Nohl-Schule (Fachgymnasium health and social), Werner-von-Siemens- School (technical college for technology), Elisabeth-von-Rantzau-Schule (technical academy for social management).
The federal motorway A 7 Flensburg – Hanover – Würzburg – Füssen runs through the eastern urban area of Hildesheim . The following federal highways also run through the city: B 1 , B 6 , B 243 and B 494 .
- Kassel - Berlin ( Hildesheim loop )
- Hildesheim – Braunschweig
- Hanover– Salzgitter-Ringelheim - Bad Harzburg - Halle (including the Hildesheim – Goslar line )
- Hameln - Bodenburg ( Weserbahn )
- Hildesheim – Lehrte (Kreuzbahn) .
Another stop is planned at Himmelsthür.
Between 7 August 1905 and 22 March 1945, the upside in the city trams of municipal tram . From March 22, 1899 to May 27, 1958, another tram line operated, the overland line "Rote Elf" operated by the Hanoverian ÜSTRA , via Sarstedt to Hanover. Local public transport (ÖPNV) is served by several bus lines operated by Stadtverkehr Hildesheim GmbH . The regional transport Hildesheim GmbH operates the Most of the buses to the surrounding area of Hildesheim. On October 26, 2012, the night bus started in Hildesheim for the first time, which runs on nine lines to the surrounding area on Fridays and Saturdays.
About the branch canal Hildesheim Hildesheim is at the Midland Canal connected. The city has a port and an industrial area. The port is operated by the port operating company Hildesheim, which is owned 50 percent by the city of Hildesheim and 50 percent by Rhenus . There are around 1500 m of quays with seven gantry cranes available. There are around 11 km of tracks, two diesel locomotives are available (as of 2018).
The following articles list people who are connected to Hildesheim:
- List of mayors and lords of Hildesheim
- List of city directors and senior city directors of Hildesheim
- List of honorary citizens of Hildesheim
- List of sons and daughters of the city of Hildesheim
- List of the bishops of Hildesheim
- On the history of the city
- Document book of the city of Hildesheim . Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 1881–1901 ( digitized version ).
- Hermann Seeland: Destruction and fall of old Hildesheim. Hildesheim 1947.
- Menno Aden: Hildesheim is alive. Destruction and rebuilding. A chronicle. Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 1994, ISBN 3-8067-8551-1 .
- Johannes Heinrich Gebauer : History of the city of Hildesheim. 2 volumes. Lax, Hildesheim / Leipzig 1922–1924 (reprinted unchanged: Lax, Hildesheim 1994–1997, ISBN 3-8269-6306-7 , ISBN 3-8269-6307-5 ).
- Johannes Heinrich Gebauer: History of the Neustadt Hildesheim. Lax, Hildesheim / Leipzig 1937 (reprinted unchanged: Lax, Hildesheim 1997, ISBN 3-8269-6305-9 ).
- Manfred Overesch: The moment and the story. Hildesheim on March 22, 1945. Olms, Hildesheim 2005, ISBN 3-487-12753-9 .
- Manfred Overesch : Hildesheim 1945-2000. New big city on old walls. Olms, Hildesheim 2006, ISBN 3-487-13266-4 .
- Herbert Reyer : A short history of the city of Hildesheim. 2nd Edition. Lax, Hildesheim 2002, ISBN 3-8269-6300-8 .
- Sven Abromeit (Ed.): Hildesheim in the 1970s. Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 2008, ISBN 978-3-8067-8716-0 .
- Gerhard Meier-Hilbert: The Hildesheimer Oststadt - geographical structures of a district. In: Hildesheimer Jahrbuch 82. Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 2010, pp. 179–227.
- Manfred Overesch: Bosch in Hildesheim 1937–1945 . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-525-36754-4 ( limited preview in the Google book search).
- To modern architectural history
- Michael Falser: The reconstruction of the Hildesheim market square. In: Ders .: Between Identity and Authenticity. On the political history of monument preservation in Germany. Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2008, ISBN 978-3-939888-41-3 , pp. 137-152.
- To religious communities
- Peter Aufgebauer: The history of the Jews in the city of Hildesheim in the Middle Ages and in the early modern period. Hildesheim 1984.
- Nicolaus C. Heutger : From Hildesheim's church history. Lax, Hildesheim 1984, ISBN 3-7848-4027-2 .
- Christian Plath: Confessional struggle and foreign occupation. City and bishopric of Hildesheim in the age of the Counter Reformation and the Thirty Years War (approx. 1580–1660). Hildesheim 2005, ISBN 3-931987-12-4 .
- To nature and landscape
- Werner Müller: Flora of Hildesheim. (= Communications from the Paul Feindt Foundation. Volume 3). Hildesheim 2001.
- Heinrich Hofmeister: Innerstetal natural area. (= Communications from the Paul Feindt Foundation. Volume 4). Hildesheim 2003.
- Hildesheim and Kalenberger Börde. Nature and landscape in the Hildesheim district. (= Communications from the Paul Feindt Foundation. Volume 5). Hildesheim 2005, ISBN 3-8067-8547-3 .
- Gerhard Meier-Hilbert: Geographical Structures: The Natural Potential. In: Friedrich Brinkmann (Ed.): Hildesheim: City and space between Börde and Bergland. (= Series of publications of the Lower Saxony State Center for Political Education: Lower Saxony - from the border region to the country in the middle. Volume 5). Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 2001, ISBN 3-8067-8584-8 , pp. 7-41.
- To Hildesheim legends
- Karl Seifart: Legends from the city and monastery of Hildesheim . (= Hildesheimer Heimatbücher. 1st issue). edited by H. Blume. Hildesheim 1913.
- Hermann Blume (Ed.): Of Tückeboten, Lüchtenkeerls and white women. Legends and stories from the Hildesheimer Land. Collected and compiled by Hermann Blume, edited by August Böttcher. Hildesheim 1986, ISBN 3-8067-8101-X .
- Uwe Grießmann: Legendary Hildesheim - Hildesheim sagas and legends in a new guise . Benu-Verlag, 2018.
Further content in the
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- Hildesheim under National Socialism - Aspects of the city's history
- Basic data for the city of Hildesheim
- The inscriptions of the city of Hildesheim via Deutsche Insschriften Online
- View of the city of Hildesheim from 1720
- City map of Hildesheim from 1760
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, official population of the communities on March 31
- Office for Regional State Development Leine-Weser (ArL)
- Hildesheim 2025. Retrieved on March 26, 2019 (German).
- List of nature reserves in the city of Hildesheim in the database of the Lower Saxony State Office for Water Management, Coastal and Nature Conservation (NLWKN)
- Main Articles of Association (accessed on September 24, 2012 at 11:00 a.m.; PDF; 70 kB)
- S. Agostinetto: Oldest linear ceramics in the Hildesheimer Börde? In: Archeology in Germany . 03, 2018, p. 48 f.
- It is not without probability that it was named after Abbot Hilduin von Saint-Denis : In his comment on the “Fundatio” and in addition to an assumption made earlier, Berges also tried to prove that the name “Hildesheim”, which undoubtedly refers to the form 'Hilduinesheim' goes back to the well-known Abbot Hilduin of St. Denis, the advisor and (since 818) Arch Chancellor of Louis the Pious. In fact, the personal name associated with the root word -heim is Franconian, and W. Berges was also able to provide a number of examples of Franconian names of places after people who are still alive. So his suggestion has some likelihood of its own, especially since there is also the possibility that the fraternization with an (ecclesia) Parisiensis in Francia that follows directly from the mater Reims in the fraternity list of the Hildesheim Cathedral Chapter Memorial Book (...) goes back to the association with Hilduin could. And that Hilduin and Gunthar were possibly related to each other cannot be completely ruled out. Hans Goetting: Germania Sacra, New Episode 20, Berlin 1984, p. 40. Berges also gives the possibility to consider that the capellarius Ludwig the Pious mentioned in the founding legend could have been this Hilduin (ibid., Note 22).
- Brockhaus extract from Hildesheim .
- Lexicum nominum geographicorum latinorum. ( Memento from July 14, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ) Latin city names
- Herbert Reyer : Little History of the City of Hildesheim , Hildesheim 1999, p. 4.
- Helmut von Jan : Historical overview of the bishopric and Hanseatic city of Hildesheim. In: Alt-Hildesheim - yearbook for the city and monastery of Hildesheim 42, 1971, p. 1.
- Hildesheim. In: Meyers Konversations-Lexikon . 4th edition. Volume 8, Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1887, p. 530.
- deutsche-biographie.de , see also Wilhelm Berges: Ebo. In: New German Biography. 4, 1959, pp. 268f.
- NF, 20: The dioceses of the ecclesiastical province of Mainz - 3. Hans Goetting: The Hildesheimer bishops from 815 to 1221 (1227). Berlin / New York 1984.
- Helmut von Jan: Historical overview of the bishopric and Hanseatic city of Hildesheim. In: Alt-Hildesheim - yearbook for the city and monastery of Hildesheim. 42, 1971, p. 2.
- Herbert Reyer: Brief history of the city of Hildesheim. Hildesheim 1999, pp. 6-10.
- Phillipe Dollinger: The Hanseatic League. Stuttgart 1989, p. 32.
- Herbert Reyer: Brief history of the city of Hildesheim. Hildesheim 1999, p. 26.
- S. Reyer, 35/36
- Manfred Mehl: The coins of the Diocese of Hildesheim. Part 1: From the beginning of the coinage to 1435. Hildesheim 1995, p. 259.
- Herbert Reyer: Brief history of the city of Hildesheim. Hildesheim 1999, p. 26.
- Andrea Germer : History of the city of Hildesheim until 1945. In: Lower Saxony State Center for Political Education (NLPB) (Hrsg.): Hildesheim - city and space between Börde and Bergland. Didactic and methodological information. Hannover 2001, pp. 70–95 ( downloadable ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) as a PDF document ; accessed on July 6, 2014).
- Herbert Reyer: Brief history of the city of Hildesheim . Hildesheim 1999, pp. 14-18.
- Herbert Reyer: Far more beautiful than Hanover! - Hildesheim's change of meaning from the medieval metropolis to the district town of today. In: Michael Gehler (ed.): The power of cities - from antiquity to the present. Hildesheim 2011, pp. 379-407, pp. 389-392.
- Herbert Reyer: Brief history of the city of Hildesheim . Hildesheim 1999, pp. 33-37.
- Herbert Reyer: Brief history of the city of Hildesheim . Hildesheim 1999, p. 38.
- Johannes Heinrich Gebauer: History of trade and the merchant class in the city of Hildesheim . Bremen-Horn 1950, pp. 33-34.
- http://www.hildesheim.de/pics/download/1_1257242710/dok_037_unionsvertrag_1583_text.pdf (accessed on July 4, 2014).
- Helmut von Jan: Historical overview of the bishopric and Hanseatic city of Hildesheim. In: Alt-Hildesheim - yearbook for the city and monastery of Hildesheim. No. 42, 1971, p. 4.
- See BSLK , p. 766; see. P. 17.
- Gerhard Schön, German coin catalog 18th century, Hildesheim City, No. 17
- History - Port of Hildesheim mbH. Port of Hildesheim, accessed on May 18, 2018 ( information brochure (1.3 MiB) ).
- Overesch: Bosch in Hildesheim . 2008.
- Overesch: Bosch in Hildesheim . 2008, p. 290 .
- Jörg Friedrich: The fire. Germany in the bombing war 1940–1945 . 2nd Edition. Propylaeen, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-549-07165-5 , pp. 215 .
- Menno Aden: Hildesheim is alive . Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 1994, ISBN 3-8067-8551-1 .
- Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge eV History and Remembrance Board Hildesheim , accessed on: May 16, 2018.
- Nikolaus Doll: Deutsche Bahn will replace car trains with trucks from 2017 . October 13, 2014 ( welt.de [accessed February 13, 2019]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 204 .
- Administrative history. In: City of Hildesheim. Hildesheim Marketing GmbH, accessed on March 24, 2014 .
- Population as of December 31, 2013. (PDF) In: City of Hildesheim. Hildesheim Marketing GmbH, accessed on November 6, 2014 .
- City of Hildesheim Religion , 2011 census
- City of Hildesheim population as of December 31, 2019 , accessed on February 23, 2020
- Hildesheim under National Socialism - aspects of the city's history .
- Jörg Schneider: The Jewish Community in Hildesheim: 1871-1942. (= Series of publications of the city archive and the city library Hildesheim. Volume 31). Stadtarchiv, Hildesheim 2003, ISBN 3-931987-11-6 , p. 7 in chap. 3. Land Rabbinate Constitution. (see also: Univ., Diss. Göttingen 1999)
- Website of the Turkish-Islamic Cultural Association Hildesheim eV
- With the new city constitution in the Hanover period (PDF; 27 kB).
- Mayor and mayor currently . Accessed December 25, 2014.
- to the history of the coat of arms .
- Museum. Retrieved May 18, 2019 .
- About us. Retrieved May 18, 2019 .
- mps public solutions gmbh: Neisser Heimatmuseum. Retrieved May 18, 2019 .
- Johannes Sommer in his book 1999, ISBN 3-7845-7410-6, dates the west choir extension and the ceiling painting around 1200 and justifies this mainly with the fact that after Abbot Theodoric II, who resigned in 1204, there was no longer any personality in the monastery who would have been capable of such achievements.
- DJANGO REINHARDT FESTIVAL 2012. Association Hildesheimer Sinti eV, accessed on June 19, 2012 .
- EVI energy supply Hildesheim - EVI LICHTUNGEN. Retrieved March 28, 2019 .
- The clearings are coming again. Retrieved on March 28, 2019 (German).
- Schöner Bauen Wohnen Leben Event description on hildesheim.de.
- August 26, 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on December 22, 2017 ; accessed on December 20, 2017 (no record for Rex-Brauns-Sporthalle).
- Moritz vom Berge. Retrieved on December 20, 2017 (no receipt for Rex-Brauns-Sporthalle).
- The arena now has a new name . In: Hildesheimer Allgemeine . ( hildesheimer-allgemeine.de [accessed on December 20, 2017] no evidence for Rex-Brauns-Sporthalle).
- Thorny Roses is promoted to the Bundesliga ( memento from February 8, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), report on thorny-roses.de, accessed on June 9, 2015.
- PREVIOUS WINNERS. In: pdc europe. Retrieved December 30, 2017 .
- Hildesheim TV ( Memento from April 5, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Return on Sunday. Retrieved July 16, 2020 .
- Himmelsthür S-Bahn station: No construction costs for the city. Article in the Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung, accessed on March 29, 2019 .
- Facts & Figures - Hafen Hildesheim mbH. Retrieved May 18, 2018 .
- Port of Hildesheim: Infrastructure. In: hafen-hildesheim.de. Hafenbetriebsgesellschaft mbH Hildesheim, accessed on May 17, 2018 .
- Port of Hildesheim: Locomotive 8 is back in action . In: railway magazine . No. 4 , 2018, ISSN 0342-1902 , p. 30 .