St. Andreas (Hildesheim)
The Evangelical Lutheran Church of St. Andreas is one of the large main churches in Hildesheim . With a height of 114.5 meters, the tower of the church is the highest church tower in Lower Saxony . It is accessible via 364 steps and offers a wide panoramic view of the city and the surrounding area. The church is located on Andreasplatz .
The earliest church building with the patronage of the Apostle Andrew was a simple pre-Romanesque chapel, the existence of which is assumed as early as 1022, the year Bishop Bernwards died . Bishop Godehard was laid out here after his death in 1038 to express the people's mourning.
In the Romanesque period, the center of the market and craftsmen's settlement moved here from the damp lowland between Domburg and Michaeliskirche ( old market ), and the chapel was replaced by a Romanesque church with a mighty westwork .
The construction of the Gothic church was started at the end of the 14th century, including the Romanesque westwork and maintaining the basilical cross-section, the choir in 1389, the north aisle in 1404, the tower in 1503. In 1504 the nave with the aisles was brought up to the tower . However, the tower did not reach its final height until 1883, before it barely protruded above the rest of the building. The interior is reminiscent of French cathedrals with the ambulatory and chapel wreath in the east.
Like the market churches in many other German episcopal cities, St. Andreas represented in the High Middle Ages the bourgeois self-confidence in relation to the sovereign power of the bishop ( bishopric ), which was represented in the cathedral. During the Reformation , this old power conflict was combined with the religious question. Consequently, in 1542, St. Andreas was the first church in Hildesheim in which Lutheran preaching was held and from where Johannes Bugenhagen introduced the new Protestant church order . A fountain monument by Ulrich Henn on the southern forecourt of the church has been a reminder of this since 1995 .
During the Second World War , the St. Andrew's Church was damaged on February 22, 1945 in an air raid as part of Operation Clarion on several windows. During the heaviest air raid on Hildesheim on March 22, 1945, it burned down completely, only the badly damaged surrounding walls and the tower remained. Apart from the cathedral, no other church in Hildesheim was damaged as badly as St. Andreas. In the 1950s, it was reconstructed almost true to the original .
Four bells hang in the tower, three of which are loan bells from the former German eastern regions. The sonorous Osanna comes from the Marienkirche in Gdańsk . The big bell is a gift from the city of Hildesheim. The bells are matched to those of the cathedral .
Foundry, casting location
Place of origin of the loan bell
|1||St. Andrew's bell||1963||Gebr. Rincker , Sinn||2150||6230||ges 0 +2||-|
|2||Osanna||1632||Ludwig Wichtendal d. J. , Danzig||1750||3056||b 0 +2||Danzig, St. Marien|
|3||Maria||1738||Georg Bernhard Children, Koenigsberg||1360||1900||of 1 +6||Rastenburg (East Prussia)|
|4th||Peter||1725||Johann Jakob Dornmann, Koenigsberg||1220||1200||it 1 ± 0||Mühlhausen (West Prussia)|
One of the largest organs in northern Germany is located in the basilica . It was built in 1965/66 by the Hamburg organ building company Rudolf von Beckerath Orgelbau and has 63 registers on four manuals and pedal , plus a glockenspiel . The 4734 pipes stand on slider chests . The Spieltrakturen are mechanically, the Registertrakturen electrically. The arrangement of the five sub-works follows the north German organ building tradition ("Hamburger Prospekt"). The ten largest pipes of the Principal 32 ', which has been expanded to Subkontra C, are in the prospectus. They were originally made of zinc. In 1995 they were replaced by tin pipes. On the lower gallery there is a separate, small gaming table for the Rückpositiv alone .
The mighty church interior gives the instrument, which is considered successful in terms of its conception and quality of craftsmanship, an unusual volume of sound. Organ and choir concerts take place regularly.
- Coupling : I / II, III / II, IV / II, I / P, II / P, III / P, bells / P
- Secondary register: Glockenspiel (main work)
- Playing aids : 6400 electronic typesetting system , sequencer
- Length: 80 m
- Width: 35 m
- Height: 27 m
- Tower (since 1883): 114.5 m
Baroque furnishings by Daniel and Ernst Dietrich Bartels before the destruction in World War II.
Church used as a breeding ground for peregrine falcons
Peregrine falcons breed at the church .
- Reinhold Brunnert: The organ in the St. Andreas Church Hildesheim - builder: Rudolf von Beckerath, Hamburg (1965). Inauguration: last Sunday after Epiphany; January 30, 1966. Ed .: Church Council of St. Andreas, 1966.
- ↑ Hildesheim, Evangelical Church St. Andreas, Glocken (August 15, 2014) on YouTube .
- ↑ The Beckerath organ. In: Church Music St. Andreas. Evangelisches MedienServiceZentrum of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Hanover, accessed on November 27, 2015 . .
- ↑ Text booklet for the CD: Hear the angel bright songs , Hänssler Classic, CD 98.431, pages 15 and 23
- ^ Wilhelm Breuer: Stately falcons . Birds 3/2019, 18–23
Coordinates: 52 ° 9 ′ 5.5 ″ N , 9 ° 57 ′ 0.2 ″ E