|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||94 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||57.1 km 2|
|Residents:||7762 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||136 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||31185|
|Primaries :||05129, 05123|
|License plate :||HI, ALF|
|Community key :||03 2 54 032|
|LOCODE :||DE 74R|
|Community structure:||9 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Alexander Huszar ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Söhlde in the Hildesheim district|
Söhlde is a municipality in the extreme northeast of the Hildesheim district ; it borders on the districts of Peine and Wolfenbüttel and the city of Salzgitter . The administrative seat is in the district of Söhlde, which was named after the new municipality with the territorial reform of 1974. With almost 8,000 inhabitants, Söhlde is on average in comparison with the other municipality sizes in the district .
Topographically, the municipality of Söhlde is located in the Hildesheimer Börde or, strictly speaking, already in the Ilseder Börde to the east (see Braunschweig-Hildesheimer Lößbörde ) at the transition from the Harz foreland to the North German Plain . The low mountain range threshold is located in the south of the municipality on the Vorholz ridge , which is part of the Innerstebergland . At the northeastern border of the Hildesheim district, the Fuhse forms the border with the Peine district. The municipal area is crossed by the federal highways B 1 and B 444 and the Hildesheim – Braunschweig railway line (Hoheneggelsen station).
The municipality of Söhlde consists of the following localities (number of inhabitants in brackets):
- Bedtrum (748)
- Feldbergen (383)
- Gross Himstedt (511)
- Hoheneggelsen (1890)
- Klein Himstedt (226)
- Mölme (130)
- Nettlingen (1384)
- Söhlde (municipality seat) (2393)
- Steinbrück (108)
(As of December 31, 2018)
The village of Söhlde belonged to the Go Eggelsen. This finally came to Steinbrück Castle in 1446. As a result of the collegiate feud in 1523, the Steinbrück office fell to Braunschweig. In the war of Margrave Albrecht von Brandenburg-Kulmbach against Duke Heinrich the Elder. J. was burned down on June 20, 1553 Söhlde by the margrave's robbery. In 1592 there were four farm workers, eight half-spouses and 72 kotsassen. The Steinbrück office returned to the Hildesheim Monastery in 1643 . On February 19, 1644, a Meierding was held in Söhlde. The services to be provided to the Steinbrück Office included a. the sowing days. Every resident who kept horses had to plow for one day during the sowing season or pay 8 Gotegroschen (96 Pfennig). During the harvest, every inhabitant had to do five days of harvest service or to pay 48 pfennigs for each day.
The glazier Christoph Behrens discovered around 1820 that the scraped stones from the back of chalk south of the village were ideal for making putty. Behrens built the first wind-powered chalk mill and thus became the founder of the flourishing Söhlder chalk industry. In the course of time numerous chalk works were created. The extraction and processing of the chalk subsequently had a considerable impact on the commercial structure of the community and the appearance of the town. The most striking sign was the large number of windmills, most of which were used to grind the limestone. There were 14 windmills in Söhlde, almost all of which were used to process chalk, so that at the end of the 19th century Söhlde was considered the village with the most mills in Europe. In 1906, the chalk makers quickly recognized the advantages of electricity. They built a power station that supplied all chalk works, Söhlde and most of the surrounding areas with electricity. The windmills lost their meaning.
On August 12, 1944, the dropping of high-explosive bombs over the village of Söhlde claimed nine lives and one house was destroyed.
The current municipality of Söhlde was newly formed during the territorial reform, which came into force on March 1, 1974, through the merger of the old municipality of Söhlde with the communities of Bettrum, Feldbergen, Groß Himstedt, Hoheneggelsen, Klein Himstedt, Mölme, Nettlingen and Steinbrück. Because of the dissatisfaction with the naming, especially in the district of Hoheneggelsen, the municipality was renamed Hoheneggelsen with effect from May 1, 1981 by a Lower Saxony law also known as the "Reform Correction Act ". However, by judgment of the Federal Constitutional Court of January 12, 1982, this renaming was declared null and void as an inadmissible encroachment on the municipality's naming rights, and on April 7, 1982 the name was renamed back to Söhlde.
The majority of the citizens belong to the Evangelical Lutheran faith. The Reformation in the community of Söhlde was introduced in 1543 by the Schmalkaldic League . The six evangelical parishes have come together to form the parish association Söhlde. Joint work focuses on working with children, confirmands and young people, visiting service groups, regional church services. The Evangelical Lutheran church region of Söhlde includes a total of ten churches. Worth mentioning is the St. Martin's Church in Bettrum, painted in Art Nouveau, the fortified church in Hoheneggelsen with a columbarium and the St. Mary's Church in Nettlingen with a modern wall frieze.
The Heinrich Dammann youth barn in Bettrum is the central meeting point for youth work. With donations from the Heinrich Dammann Foundation and the EU, the former parish barn was converted into a youth barn in 2008/2009.
The Catholic parish was founded on February 1, 1653. She belongs to the dean's office in Braunschweig. The church of the community, Mariä Himmelfahrt, is in Steinbrück and was built in 1786. On November 1, 2006, the Peine deanery in the Diocese of Hildesheim was dissolved. The parishes assigned to this deanery, to which Steinbrück belonged, were incorporated into the deanery of Braunschweig. The Catholic Church in Söhlde is in a diaspora situation, because only about 15% belong to this denomination.
The municipality council of the municipality of Söhlde consists of 20 councilors and councilors. This is the specified number for a municipality with a population between 7,001 and 8,000. The 20 council members are elected by local elections for five years each. The current term of office begins on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.
The full-time mayor Alexander Huszar (CDU) is also entitled to vote in the council of the municipality.
The full-time mayor of the municipality of Söhlde is Alexander Huszar (CDU). In the last mayoral election on May 25, 2014, he was elected with 52.7% of the vote. The turnout was 59.9%. Huszar took office on November 1, 2014, replacing the previous incumbent Reiner Bender (SPD), who had no longer stood as a candidate.
Unlike the local council, which is responsible for all parts of the municipality of Söhlde, the local council is only elected for the local part of the same name.
Local mayor is Carola Nitsche (SPD).
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the municipality of Söhlde shows the silver Kehrwiederkirche Steinbrück in red with a golden knob and cross. The Kehrwieder Church in Steinbrück is the one-story remainder of a round tower with a conical roof and lantern.
The villages have their own coats of arms. B. Söhlde (locality) three silver post windmills on red, Hoheneggelsen red double-headed eagle on gold.
Economy and Infrastructure
Economically, the community is shaped by agriculture; the location in the Hildesheimer Börde with its fertile soils is the decisive factor for this. In addition to agriculture, the village of Söhlde is mainly characterized by chalk mining. The mining area is one of the largest chalk mining operations in the world. The chalk works "Vereinigte Kreidewerke Damman KG" is approx. 80 employees in the factory and administration, the largest employer in the community The chalk works in Damman also include chalk works in Lägerdorf and on Rügen .
There are no other larger employers in the municipality. It is mainly a commuting community . The community of Söhlde sees itself as a residential location; the connection to the smaller towns of Salzgitter and Peine and the larger towns such as Hildesheim , Braunschweig and Hanover via the B 1 , B 444 , several bus lines and the Hildesheim – Braunschweig railway line is therefore very important.
The Volksbank Hildesheimer Börde is located in the village of Hoheneggelsen and has 17 branches (including three in the municipality of Söhlde) in the Hildesheim district and the surrounding area.
The disused Hoheneggelsen hazardous waste dump of the state of Lower Saxony is located near the village of Hoheneggelsen .
The federal highways B 1 and B 444 provide the connection both in the west-east direction and in the north-south direction. Regional bus lines complement the inner-city development and the connection with neighboring towns. The Hildesheim – Braunschweig railway has a train station in the Hoheneggelsen train station estate, which is located between Hoheneggelsen and Groß Himstedt.
- Wilhelm Evers (1906–1983), German geographer and university professor
- Gottfried Freiherr von Cramm (1909–1976), German tennis player
- Klaus Endruweit (1913–1994), doctor at the Nazi killing center Sonnenstein in Pirna, after the war doctor in Söhlde-Bettrum.
- Heinrich Dammann (1924–2013), German entrepreneur and local politician
- Gerhard Hoyermann (1835–1911), pharmacist in Hoheneggelsen, inventor of the fertilizer Thomasmehl , entrepreneur, member of the Prussian state parliament 1883–1903 and 1907–1911 for the National Liberal Party
- Otto Ohlendorf (1907–1951, executed), SS group leader, head of office (SD-Inland) in the Reich Security Main Office
- Hermann Warmbold (1876–1976), farmer, agricultural scientist, manager and politician, Reich Minister of Economics
- Friedrich Deike (1931-2010), German politician (SPD)
- Hildesheim and Kalenberger Börde. Nature and landscape in the Hildesheim district. Communications from the Paul Feindt Foundation, Volume 5: Hildesheim 2005, ISBN 3-8067-8547-3 .
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Numbers and statistics on the website of the municipality of Söhlde , accessed on March 17, 2019.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 .
- Judgment text
- Result of the Söhlde local council election 2011 on the municipality's website , accessed on October 1, 2015
- Result of the local council election Söhlde 2016 on the website of the municipality , accessed on October 2, 2016
- Election results district election 2006 - LK HI. final. ( Memento of the original from December 18, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Website of the district of Hildesheim. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
- Website of the municipality of Söhlde , accessed on October 2, 2016.
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on November 14, 2014
- Individual results of the direct elections on May 25, 2014 in Lower Saxony , accessed on November 15, 2014
- Main statutes of the municipality of Söhlde , accessed on November 15, 2014
- Images on the municipality's homepage under “Locations” , accessed on November 15, 2014
- Archived copy ( memento of the original from March 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Information brochure of the municipality of Söhlde - greeting from the mayor. . Website of the municipality of Söhlde. Retrieved March 15, 2012.