Football Oberliga Nord

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Oberliga Nord
Area of ​​the Oberliga Nord
Association North German Football Association
First edition 1947, 1974 and 1994
Last game day 1963, 1994 and 2008

The Oberliga Nord was founded in 1947 and until the introduction of the Bundesliga in 1963 was the top division in football in northwest Germany. After the establishment of the two-pronged 2nd Bundesliga , the North German Football Association (NFV) continued it as the amateur league from 1974 (later the addition of "amateur" was dropped) and the third-highest division. It existed in this form until the third- tier regional league was founded in 1994. Then divided into two seasons, again single-track from 2004, the Oberliga Nord was one of several fourth-highest divisions in Germany and was in 2008 after the establishment of the new nationwide 3rd league and the three new fourth-rate regional leagues dissolved.

First-class Oberliga Nord (1947–1963)

The Oberliga Nord formed from 1947 to 1963, alongside the Oberligen Süd, West, Südwest and the so-called Stadtliga (West) Berlin, the top division of German football in what was then the DFB . She was under the supervision of the NFV and played in the first two years at 12 and 13, then - after the introduction of the contract player statute in 1949 - usually with 16 teams from the state associations of Lower Saxony , Hamburg , Bremen and Schleswig-Holstein . The league champions (the so-called northern champions) and mostly also the runner-up qualified for the final round of the German championship. There were usually two relegated teams per season. The promoted teams were determined in promotion rounds, in which the eight best teams from the national leagues met each other. The outstanding team of the Oberliga Nord was Hamburger SV , which won the North 15 times in 16 championship years. Only Hannover 96 was left to win a North German championship in the 1953/54 season.

Champion of the North Football League

As early as 1913/14 there was a North German League with ten clubs for the first time (champions: Altona 93 ), which can be seen as an early forerunner of the Oberliga Nord. The beginning of the First World War ended the experiment. In the early 1920s there was another attempt, this time with two or six seasons. But in 1922 a majority of NFV member clubs voted for a return to the old structure without an association-wide league.

The ten best of the eternal table of the Oberliga Nord 1947–1963

Rg. society annual
S. U N Goal
Current league
01. Hamburger SV 16 466 317 69 80 1448: 619 2,339 699: 233 * 1.5 2nd Bundesliga
02. Werder Bremen 16 466 246 75 145 1163: 792 1.468 567: 365 1.22 Bundesliga
03. FC St. Pauli 16 466 221 108 137 911: 693 1,315 550: 382 1.18 2nd Bundesliga
04th VfL Osnabrück 16 466 221 85 160 917: 732 1.253 527: 405 1.13 2nd Bundesliga
05. Eintracht Braunschweig 15th 436 186 98 152 865: 785 1.102 470: 402 1.08 3rd league
06th Holstein Kiel 16 452 ** 185 99 160 840: 783 1.073 469: 419 1.06 2nd Bundesliga
07th Hannover 96 15th 444 188 88 168 799: 750 1.065 464: 424 1.05 2nd Bundesliga
08th. Bremerhaven 93 15th 444 169 96 179 747: 830 0.900 434: 454 0.98 Landesliga Bremen ***
(sixth class)
09. Altona 93 12 362 139 75 148 654: 708 0.924 353: 371 0.98 Regionalliga Nord
(fourth class)
10. Concordia Hamburg 13 376 124 81 171 640: 752 0.851 329: 423 0.88 Oberliga Hamburg
(fifth class)

After the last game day of the 1962/1963 season, transferred to the 2-point rule; In the 16 years Oberliga Nord played there a total of 28 teams.
* Hamburger SV was deducted four points in the 1953/54 season.
** Holstein Kiel was excluded from the Oberliga Nord in 1948/49 after the 8th matchday and the points and goals were canceled by the association (3 S, 3 U, 2 N = 17:13 goals, 9: 7 points).
*** as OSC Bremerhaven (successor club)

Third-rate Oberliga Nord (1974-1994)

From 1974 to 1994 the football associations of Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Lower Saxony and Bremen had a joint Oberliga Nord as the third highest German division. In the early years it was officially called the amateur upper league. In fact, it replaced the abolished regional league as the third highest league. In the 2nd Bundesliga you rose through promotion games or promotion rounds and there you met teams from the Oberliga Westfalen, North Rhine and Berlin until 1990/91. From the 1991/92 season to 1993/94 there were also opponents from all over Germany and all major leagues in the promotion rounds. In 1979 and 1980 the master of the Oberliga Nord rose directly to the 2nd Bundesliga. Amateur or II teams were not allowed to advance.

The champions of the Oberliga Nord / Amateur Oberliga Nord

Promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga are marked with A.

Other promoters in the 2nd Bundesliga were (with their placement):

The ten best of the eternal table of the Oberliga Nord 1974-1994

Rg. society annual
S. U N Goal
Current league
01. Werder Bremen II 18th 600 284 145 171 1248: 862 1.447 713: 487 1.19 3rd league
02. VfL Wolfsburg 16 540 272 130 138 1084: 718 1.509 674: 406 1.25 Bundesliga
03. VfB Oldenburg 16 538 253 144 141 968: 740 1.308 650: 426 1.21 Regionalliga North
04th Holstein Kiel 17th 566 243 150 173 913: 757 1.206 636: 496 1.12 3rd league
05. Goettingen 05 16 532 231 141 160 983: 756 1,300 603: 461 1.13 Landesliga Braunschweig *
(sixth class)
06th Concordia Hamburg 17th 576 199 147 230 894: 964 0.927 545: 607 0.95 Oberliga Hamburg
(fifth class)
07th Arminia Hanover 13 440 179 112 149 835: 784 1.065 470: 410 1.07 Oberliga Niedersachsen
(fifth class)
08th. SV Meppen 12 406 161 119 126 715: 619 1.155 441: 371 1.09 3rd league
09. TSV Havelse 11 366 147 99 120 588: 539 1.090 393: 339 1.07 Regionalliga North
10. Union Salzgitter 10 340 144 87 109 629: 522 1.204 375: 305 1.10 District league Braunschweig 3 (seventh class)

After the last match day of the 1993/1994 season, transferred to the 2-point rule; In these 20 years Oberliga Nord played there a total of 54 teams.
* as I. SC Göttingen 05 (successor club)

Fourth class Oberliga Nord (1994-2008)

The Oberliga Nord was until the summer of 2008, the top division the responsibility of the North German Football Association (NFA) and formed with eight other top leagues (Westfalen, North Rhine, Hesse, Southwest, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Bavaria, North-East North, Northeast South) the fourth highest division in German football.

The Oberliga Nord was a licensing league. The licensing was carried out after an extensive examination of the financial situation by the NFV. A special feature was that all three categories of players could be given eligibility to play in the major league:

  • Licensed players (professionals): Clubs with a licensed team (Bundesliga and 2nd Bundesliga) could use any number of professionals in their respective second teams within the framework of the U-23 regulations.
  • Contract players: players who earned their money with a football contract registered with the relevant national association.
  • Amateur players: players who practiced their sport as pure amateurs. (Salary less than 300 DM per month)

Until the 2004/05 season, the Oberliga Nord consisted of the two seasons Hamburg / Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony / Bremen . Before the introduction of the two-track regional league , the champions of these two seasons were directly eligible for promotion. Since the 2000/01 season, the promoted to the Regionalliga Nord was then played in two promotion games with the respective season champions.

With the merger of the two seasons in 2004, an approach to the higher level of play in the upper leagues in southern and western Germany was to be achieved - a problem that in principle had already existed in the upper leagues after the Second World War . Some clubs, even though they were athletically qualified, waived the notification for or promotion to the league because of the high costs compared to the income opportunities. In 2005, this affected the champions from Bremen ( SC Weyhe ) and Schleswig-Holstein ( Itzehoer SV ), for which Brinkumer SV and TSV Kropp moved up. In Hamburg even the first three teams ( TSV Sasel , SV Halstenbek-Rellingen and SV Lurup ) waived , so that there was no promoted from Hamburg and the FT Eider Büdelsdorf was allowed to remain in the league. An important reason for the waiver was the laborious obligation to provide documents and financial security in order to get the license for the Oberliga Nord.

The champions of the Oberliga Nord

Promoted to the Regionalliga Nord are marked with A. By 1998/99, the two relay champions rose directly to the regional league and the runners-up were able to rise partly directly or through qualifying games. Since the third division reform in 2000/01, there was only one promoter for the now two-track Regionalliga Nord, which was determined in two promotion games with the respective relay champions. For the 2004/05 season, both seasons were reunited and the champions were now promoted directly to the regional league.

year Hamburg / Schleswig-Holstein Lower Saxony / Bremen More climbers
1995 FC St. Pauli II A BV Cloppenburg A 1. SC Norderstedt A (2. HH / SH) & SV Atlas Delmenhorst A (2. NDS / HB)
1996 Altona 93 A Sportfreunde Ricklingen A Göttingen 05 A (2nd NDS / HB)
1997 VfL 93 Hamburg A Eintracht Nordhorn A SV Arminia Hannover A (2nd NDS / HB, SV Arminia Hannover - Heider SV 0: 0, 4: 0)
1998 Holstein Kiel A Lueneburg SK A BV Cloppenburg A (2nd NDS / HB)
1999 FC St. Pauli II A Göttingen 05 A FC Bremerhaven A (2nd NDS / HB)
2000 TuS field Kickers Emden no promoters because of the league reform
2001 Holstein Kiel A Goettingen 05 Holstein Kiel - Göttingen 05 2-0, 0-3
2002 Hamburger SV II A VfB Oldenburg Hamburger SV II - VfB Oldenburg 0-0, 5-2
2003 FC St. Pauli II Kickers Emden VfR Neumünster A (2nd HH / SH, VfR Neumünster - Kickers Emden 1: 2, 3: 2)
2004 Holstein Kiel II VfL Wolfsburg II A. no

Masters of the Oberliga Nord in their single-track form and thus direct promoters to the Regionalliga Nord were then:

year Oberliga Nord
2005 Kickers Emden (promotion to the Regionalliga Nord as the third highest German division)
2006 SV Wilhelmshaven (promotion to the Regionalliga Nord as the third highest German division)
2007 VfL Wolfsburg II (promotion to Regionalliga Nord as the third highest German division)
2008 Holstein Kiel (promotion or qualification for the Regionalliga Nord as the fourth highest German division)

Dissolution of the Oberliga Nord

At the DFB Bundestag on September 8, 2006 in Frankfurt am Main, the formation of a third professional league (including three regional league seasons) from the 2008/09 series onwards was decided. The Oberliga Nord was dissolved after the end of the 2007/08 season following the resolution of an extraordinary NFV Association Day. Since then, the individual association leagues in the north (still) form the 5th division, they have been renamed Oberliga Niedersachsen , Bremen-Liga , Oberliga Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein-Liga . The five best-placed clubs in the 2007/08 season were directly qualified for the new regional league, while the sixth-placed team should play a relegation round against the champions of the association leagues Lower Saxony West and East, Bremen, Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein. The winner of this relegation round would receive the last free regional league place. Since no club from the Schleswig-Holstein Association had applied for admission to the new regional league, only five teams took part.

Qualified for the relegation round were: VfB Oldenburg (as 7th of the Oberliga Nord because the license was not granted to TuS Heeslingen ), VfL Oldenburg (champions of the Lower Saxony League West), MTV Gifhorn (champions of the Lower Saxony League East), Victoria Hamburg (champions of the Hamburg- League ) and FC Oberneuland (from the Oberliga Nord, as no other club from the Association League Bremen applied for or received a license).

As group winners and promoters, FC Oberneuland prevailed with 10 points.

See also


  • Jens Reimer Prüß (Ed.): Bung bottle with flat pass cork. The history of the Oberliga Nord 1947–1963. Klartext, Essen 1991 ISBN 3-88474-463-1
  • Bernd Jankowski, Harald Pistorius, Jens Reimer Prüß: Football in the North. 100 years of the North German Football Association. History, chronicle, names, dates, facts, figures. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 2005, ISBN 3-89784-270-X .

Web links

  • Player data Oberliga Nord 1947-63 ( Memento from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  • see perpetual table of the Oberliga Nord from 1974 to 1994 here (PDF; 58 kB)
  • see perpetual table of the Hamburg-Schleswig-Holstein Oberliga from 1994 to 2004 here (PDF; 55 kB)
  • see perpetual table of the Oberliga Niedersachsen-Bremen from 1994 to 2004 here (PDF; 56 kB)

Individual evidence

  1. a b since a merger in 2013: Wandsbeker TSV Concordia
  2. Göttingen 05 received no license for the regional league
  3. FC St.Pauli II cannot be promoted because the professional team has been relegated to the regional league.
  4. Holstein Kiel II may not be promoted because the professional team plays in the regional league