District of Göttingen
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Administrative headquarters :||Goettingen|
|Area :||1,753.41 km 2|
|Residents:||326,041 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||186 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||GÖ , DUD, HMÜ, OHA|
|Circle key :||03 1 59|
|Circle structure:||39 municipalities|
|Address of the
Reinhäuser Landstrasse 4
|District Administrator :||Bernhard Reuter ( SPD )|
|Location of the district of Göttingen in Lower Saxony|
The district of Göttingen is the southernmost district in Lower Saxony and includes the city of Göttingen as a regional center . It was created on November 1, 2016 through the merger of the previous district of Göttingen with the district of Osterode am Harz and has around 330,000 inhabitants on an area of 1,753.41 km². Its district town is Göttingen, which retained its special status in accordance with the Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG).
As a district in the extreme south of Lower Saxony, parts of the Harz Mountains already belong to the district in the east with the Upper and Middle Harz Mountains , while parts of the Weserbergland belong to it in the west . Its highest elevations are in the Harz Mountains and are the highest point of the ridge Auf dem Acker ( ), the Stöberhai ( ), the Great Knollen ( ) and the Ravensberg ( ). The Leine flows through the centrally located district town of Göttingen ( ). The western boundary of the district is formed by the course of the Weser , which in Hann. Münden ( ) in the southernmost part of the district is created by the confluence of the Werra and Fulda (river) .
The northernmost point is at 51.83 ° north latitude (values rounded) near Wildemann , the southernmost at 51.29 ° near Nieste ; the westernmost point is at 9.55 ° east longitude near Wahnhausen , the easternmost at 10.68 ° E near Rothesütte . In the east-west direction this results in an extension of about 80 km as the crow flies; in north-south direction it is around 59 km.
It borders clockwise to the north, starting with the districts of Northeim and Goslar (both in Lower Saxony), the districts of Nordhausen and Eichsfeld (both in Thuringia ) as well as the Werra-Meißner district , the district of Kassel , the independent city of Kassel as well their exclave Gut Kragenhof (all in Hessen ).
There are seven well-known caves in the district of Göttingen : the Himmelreichhöhle , the Lichtensteinhöhle , the Jettenhöhle , the Marthahöhle , the stone church Scharzfeld , as well as the show caves Iberg stalactite cave and unicorn cave .
The highest heights are reached by the mountains in the Harz , for example the Auf dem Acker ridge ( ), the Stöberhai ( ), the Große Knollen ( ), the Ravensberg ( ), the Kummelberg ( ) and the local mountain ( ) as well as in the Münden Nature Park, among others, the Haferberg ( ), the Kleine Steinberg ( ), the Hohe Hagen ( ), the Brackenberg ( ), the Große Staufenberg ( ) and the Totenberg ( ).
The forest portion in the district of Göttingen has a size of 790.5 km², corresponds to 45% of the district area.
The agricultural area in the district of Göttingen is 74,359 hectares (as of December 31, 2015, sum of the information for the old districts of Göttingen and Osterode), corresponding to 42.4% of the area of the district. According to the figures, the grassland share of the LN is 24%. According to a calculation based on the 2018 field blocks , the agricultural area only takes up 72,263 ha, corresponding to 41.2% of the district area.
Well-known bodies of water in the district of Göttingen include the Wendebach reservoir , the Seeburger lake , the Rhume spring , the Juessee , the Söse and Odertalsperre as well as the UNESCO World Heritage Site Wiesenbeker Teich and the monastery pond landscape around the Priorteich .
Nature reserves and FFH areas
In the old district of Göttingen there are eight nature conservation areas (NSG) for the preservation of valuable and endangered habitats : The numbers correspond to those on the adjacent map.
- NSG Bachtäler in the Kaufunger Wald BR 157
- NSG Großer Leinebusch BR 079
- NSG chicken field BR 035
- NSG Ossenberg - Fehrenbusch BR 092
- NSG Rhumeaue / Ellerniederung / Gillersheimer Bachtal BR 084
- NSG Seeanger, Retlake, Suhletal BR 147
- NSG Seeburger See BR 038
- NSG Totenberg BR 090
In the old district of Osterode there are the following nature reserves (NSG):
- NSG Butterberg / Hopfenbusch BR 102
- NSG Finnenbruch, Large Butter Hole and Floating Island BR 039
- NSG gypsum karst landscape Bad Sachsa and Walkenried BR 129
- NSG gypsum karst landscape near Ührde BR 122
- NSG gypsum karst landscape Hainholz BR 033
- NSG Itelteich BR 002
- NSG Juliushütte BR 087
- NSG Oderaue BR 124
- NSG Priorteich / Sachsenstein BR 003
- NSG Rhumeaue / Ellerniederung / Gillersheimer Bachtal BR 084
- NSG Siebertal BR 105
- NSG Staufenberg BR 080
- NSG Steinberg near Scharzfeld BR 078
- NSG Steingrabental - Mackenröder Wald BR 116
- NSG Teufelsbäder BR 063
- NSG Weißensee and Steinatal BR 046
The adjacent graphic "FFH areas in the district of Göttingen" shows the areas registered to the EU according to the Fauna-Flora-Habitat Directive in the district of Göttingen up to 2016 (blue border and number of the FFH area). The areas shown in red are designated as nature reserves . The nature reserves in the new district of Göttingen have a total area of 6,873 hectares (excluding the city of Göttingen), which corresponds to a share of the district area of 4.2% (as of January 1, 2017). The corresponding NSG share in Lower Saxony is 4.4% (2015).
Landscape protection areas
- LSG Leinebergland
- LSG Unteres Eichsfeld
- LSG Weserbergland
The Münden Nature Park was created as early as 1959 (in what was then the Münden district) in order to promote local recreation and to take account of the great diversity of species and biotopes in the southern part of the district .
- List of nature reserves in the district of Göttingen
- List of landscape protection areas in the district of Göttingen
- List of natural monuments in the district of Göttingen
- List of protected landscape elements in the district of Göttingen
In implementation of the “Ordinance concerning the official and district constitution in the Province of Hanover” , a district of Göttingen , also known as the Steering Committee , was established in the Prussian Province of Hanover for the first time in 1867 , consisting of the independent cities of Göttingen and Hann. Münden and the offices of Göttingen, Münden and Reinhausen , set up for the purposes of tax and military administration.
For the purposes of general administration, the district of Göttingen was formed in 1885 as part of the introduction of the “ District Code for the Province of Hanover” . It was composed of the municipalities of the offices of Göttingen and Reinhausen (excluding the municipality of Meensen and the Ellerode estate, which came to the Münden district ). The administrative seat of the new district, which belonged to the Hildesheim administrative district, became the independent city of Göttingen.
New formation 1973
The district of Göttingen was re-established on January 1, 1973 as part of the municipal regional reform. It was formed from the districts of Göttingen created in 1885 (to which the previously independent city of Göttingen belonged since 1964), Duderstadt and Münden , the communities of Adelebsen and Unterbillingshausen of the district of Northeim and the communities of Lütgenhausen and Wollershausen of the district of Osterode am Harz . The district of Duderstadt had about 41,000 inhabitants at that time, the district of Münden about 45,000, the old district of Göttingen (excluding the city) about 50,000 and the city of Göttingen more than 110,000 inhabitants.
New creation 2016
In 2012 and 2013 plans arose to merge the Göttingen district with the Osterode am Harz and Northeim districts. An important reason for this was that the Lower Saxony state government wanted to pay debt relief, so-called “merger premiums”, to the new district of Göttingen after a merger - provided that a merger was decided by March 31, 2013. In addition to debt relief, the districts also wanted to counteract future shortfalls in income due to the population losses expected in the coming decades.
At the beginning of 2013, the Northeim district withdrew from the talks. In mid-February 2013, only the merger of the districts of Göttingen and Osterode emerged. The district assemblies of Göttingen (March 6, 2013) and Osterode (March 11, 2013) decided to start merger negotiations. On August 28, 2013, the Göttingen district assembly approved a merger by a majority.
On November 1, 2016, the merger of the districts of Göttingen and Osterode am Harz, resolved on February 1, 2014 with a corresponding area change agreement, was implemented to form a new, larger district of Göttingen with Göttingen as the district town . The branch offices of the district administration in Duderstadt and Hann. Münden still exist. A new one to be set up in Osterode will be added.
The district of Göttingen was significantly enlarged in 1964, 1973 and 2016.
District Chiefs (Göttingen District)
District administrators (district of Göttingen)
- 1885–1900 Georg Dieterichs
- 1901–1903 Wilhelm Heinichen
- 1903–1924 Georg Mannkopff
- 1924–1933 Wessel Georg Nordbeck
- 1933–1941 Bodo Wilke von Bodenhausen
- 1941–1945 Hermann Kratzin
- 1946–1954 Ernst Fahlbusch (SPD)
- 1954–1957 Georg Grothey (CDU)
- 1957–1961 Ernst Fahlbusch (SPD)
- 1961–1966 Klaus-Peter Bruns (SPD)
- 1966–1968 Cuno Götz von Olenhusen (FDP)
- 1968–1970 Klaus-Peter Bruns (SPD)
- 1970–1973 Lothar Curdt (SPD)
- 1973–1976 Willi Döring (CDU)
- 1976–1981 Klaus Peter Bruns (SPD)
- 1981–1991 Willi Döring (CDU)
- 1991–1998 Heinrich Rehbein (SPD)
- 1998–2003 Heinrich Rehbein (full-time district administrator, SPD) (* 1939)
- 2003–2011 Reinhard Schermann (CDU) (* 1943)
- 2011 – today Bernhard Reuter (SPD) (* 1955) (1999–2011 already district administrator of the district of Osterode am Harz, part of the new greater district)
Election results and mandate distribution since November 1, 2016:
|BI for Osterode||0.68||-|
|Voter turnout in%||54.02|
- 2016 LKR as ALFA.
Election results and mandate distribution by October 31, 2016:
|Voter turnout in%||49.76||50.38||55.6|
- 2001 Die Linke as PDS.
coat of arms
Coat of arms from 1935–1973
The coat of arms was approved by the Prussian State Ministry on October 25, 1935. It shows the Brunswick, diminished Guelph lion without the so-called leoparding. The wall anchor comes from the coat of arms of the Counts of Plesse , who ruled over the Bovenden office in the northern district until 1571 .
Blazon : “Divided by red and gold (yellow); above a striding golden (yellow) lion, below a red wall anchor. "
Coat of arms 1973 to 2016 or 2017
The coat of arms was approved on November 8, 1973. It shows the Guelph lion, the symbol for all three former circles combined with the symbols of the old districts of Münden (Göpel), Göttingen (wall anchor) and Duderstadt ( Mainz wheel ).
Blazon : "Under the red head of a shield , in it a striding, golden, blue-armored lion , connected in gold by a wall anchor , above a red shield with a silver cap , below a silver-backed six-spoke red wheel."
Coat of arms from November 3, 2016 to May 31, 2017
The same coat of arms is described in the main statute of the new district that was newly adopted on November 3, 2016.
A new coat of arms was presented at the district assembly on February 22, 2017 . It takes over the golden lion from the previous coat of arms; in the middle a blue lion on a golden background to the right, which is supposed to symbolize Osterode. Below, the Mainz wheel, now in white on red, represents the Eichsfeld again.
New coat of arms from June 1st, 2017
|Banner, new coat of arms and flag|
It shows a red-gold-red divided shield . Above, a golden, blue armored lion strides to the left , in the middle it is colored blue, armored red and looks at the viewer. The Heraldry referred him for it as Leopard . A six-spoke, silver wheel adorns the lower area of the coat of arms.
The golden lion stands for Göttingen, the blue leopard for Osterode am Harz and the silver wheel for Eichsfeld.
Common elements are the Guelph lions. They stand for the centuries-long dominance of the Guelph dukes in the greater part of today's district area. The different colors as well as running and viewing directions stand for different Guelph lines with their relatives to England and Denmark. The white spoked wheel refers to the Eichsfeld as an essential further area of rule and its influence by the Electorate of Mainz.
The new district coat of arms for the merged district will apply from June 1, 2017. The district council decided this in its meeting on February 22, 2017 and anchored it in its statutes.
Banner and flag
Description of the banner and flag: “The district's banner is red and yellow striped lengthways with the coat of arms above the middle; the flag with red and yellow stripes with the coat of arms in the middle. "
The district of Göttingen maintains partnerships with the following cities and administrative units:
- Stroud District , Gloucestershire ( United Kingdom ), since 1951
- Suresnes ( France ), since 1959
- London Borough of Hackney , (United Kingdom), since 1973
- Fejér County ( Hungary ), since 2000
- San Juan Comalapa ( Nicaragua ), since 2013
The following partnerships were taken over from the old district of Osterode am Harz:
There are also partnerships with the following districts, regions and districts:
- Berlin-Steglitz , Berlin , since 1976
- District of Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains , Saxony , since 1989
- Ústecký kraj , Czech Republic , since 1989
- Powiat Kościerski , Poland, since 2001
Due to the topographical conditions, the larger traffic axes in the district of Göttingen run in a north-south direction.
One of the most important axes of north-south traffic runs through the district and the district town in the Leinetal. Here the oldest and youngest railway lines run parallel in a circle. As early as 1854, the connection from the royal seat of Hanover to Göttingen was established by the Royal Hanover State Railways . From 1856 it led via Dransfeld and Hann. Münden on to Kassel (" Hannöversche Südbahn "). The high-speed line Hanover – Würzburg operated by Deutsche Bahn , which began operating in full in 1991 , takes roughly the same route .
In 1867 the Göttingen – Friedland – Arenshausen (–Halle) railway line was opened. The Arenshausen – Hann connection followed in 1872. Münden via Eichenberg and Hedemünden ( Halle – Hann. Münden railway ), 1876 Friedland – Eichenberg – Eschwege (–Bebra – Frankfurt, "old north-south route ").
Since 1868/69 the Northeim – Nordhausen railway (known as the southern Harz line ) has passed via Herzberg , from which the Herzberg – Seesen railway (called the western Harz line) branches off via Osterode since 1870/71 .
Arenshausen – Friedland was given up again in 1884, and the Dransfelder Rampe (Göttingen - Dransfeld - Münden) followed in 1980.
In 1910, the Prussian State Railroad put the Göttingen – Bodenfelde (“Oberweserbahn”) line into the Weser Uplands into operation.
The Göttinger Kleinbahn AG - the later Gartetalbahn - opened up the eastern area to Eichsfeld with a narrow-gauge railway, namely in 1897 to Rittmarshausen and in 1907 to Duderstadt. From here, however, the Prussian State Railroad had already led a line to Wulften in 1889 and to Leinefelde in 1897. From 1911, the Bleicherode – Herzberg railway ran through the district further east . Also gone the railway Gittelde-Bad Grund , the railway Osterode-Kreiensen , the railway Herzberg Siebertal , the railway Scharzfeld-St. Andreasberg , the narrow-gauge railway Walkenried – Braunlage / Tanne and the railway line Ellrich – Zorge .
The district of Göttingen is part of the Verkehrsverbund Süd-Niedersachsen (VSN). The buses of the Göttinger Verkehrsbetriebe GmbH (GöVB) run within the city of Göttingen and from there to Bovenden and Rosdorf ; in Hann. Münden city buses run by Regionalbus Braunschweig GmbH . Outside the cities there is a regional bus network operated by various VSN bus companies.
The on Kassel oriented communities Staufenberg (Lower Saxony) and Hann. Münden is part of the transition area to the North Hessian Transport Association NVV . Within this range, the VSN tariff applies, after Kassel or Witzenhausen that of the NVV.
Furthermore, the B 3 together with the B 27 in the district forms almost a north / south axis and an east / west axis with the intersection of Göttingen. The B 27 comes from Braunlage via Bad Lauterberg and Herzberg in order to take a vertical-south course in Göttingen via Friedland to Eschwege, while the B 3 comes via Hanover and Northeim and in Göttingen changes the course to southwest towards Kassel.
The federal highway 243 runs along the western and southern edge of the Harz from Hildesheim via Osterode, Herzberg and Bad Lauterberg to Großwechselungen near Nordhausen. The B 27 runs between Herzberg and Bad Lauterberg.
Other federal highways in the district are federal road 80 (Bad Karlshafen – Hann. Münden – Halle), federal road 247 (Katlenburg – Duderstadt – Ohrdruff), federal road 446 (Hardegsen – Duderstadt), federal road 496 (Hann. Münden – Lutterberg / A 7) and the federal road 498 (Osterode – Goslar).
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the district of Göttingen was ranked 79th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the places with "high future prospects". In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 158th out of 401, making it one of the regions with a "balanced opportunities - risk mix".
Economic development for the district of Göttingen is provided by the Göttingen Region Economic Development Corporation. In addition, the Südniedersachsenstiftung has set itself the task of promoting the development and growth of the district and the southern Lower Saxony region in their economic, cultural and social entirety. The district has been awarding the Göttingen district innovation prize since 2001 .
Culture and sights
Well-known cultural events in the district of Göttingen include Culture in the District , the Göttingen International Handel Festival , the Herzberg Castle Concerts , the Bad Lauterberg Music Days , the Walkenried Cloister Concerts and the Walkenried Monastery Market .
In the district of Göttingen, above Bovenden, there is Castle Plesse , a medieval castle ruin, and in Hann. Münden the Welfenschloss . Furthermore, in the Harz region, the caves experience center Isenberg limestone cave that Welfenschloss Herzberg , the Unicorn Cave and stone church Scharzfeld , the castle ruins Scharzfels and the UNESCO World Heritage Monastery Walkenried and the mansion Walkenried with the World Heritage Information Center. In addition, some old towns such as B. Göttingen , Osterode am Harz , Duderstadt and Hann. Münden worth seeing.
Well-known excursion destinations include the European Bread Museum and the Wilhelm-Busch-Mühle in Ebergötzen , the WeltWald Harz near Bad Grund , or the Märchengrund , Harzfalkenhof and the Ravensberg near Bad Sachsa , the Heinz Sielmann Nature Experience Center Gut Herbigshagen near Duderstadt , and numerous museums in the district.
In the district of Göttingen there are four daily newspapers, the distribution areas of which correspond to the old districts that existed before the Lower Saxony regional reform of 1972 . The Göttinger Tageblatt (“GT”) appears in the old district of Göttingen, the Eichsfelder Tageblatt (“ET”) in the old district of Duderstadt and in the old district of Hann. Münden the Mündener Allgemeine ( "HNA" ). The Harz Kurier ("HK") appears in the old district of Osterode . The Harz Kurier of "Harz Kurier Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG" has been the sole daily newspaper in the old district of Osterode since 1997. It was separated from the Herzberger “ Jungfer Druckerei und Verlag GmbH ” in 2006 and has been part of the Funke media group ever since . The printing has now been done in Braunschweig, which is where the coat comes from.
GT and ET belong to the Madsack Group , which publishes the Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung (HAZ) and the Neue Presse ; the supraregional reporting is abbreviated and re-compiled by the HAZ. The local editors of GT and ET cooperate so that articles from one local edition appear in the other if they are of interest to the respective readership; For the readers of the ET there is regularly a short summary of the local part of the GT from the regional center of Göttingen, which dominates the district . The two newspapers also run a joint website.
The Mündener Allgemeine is a header of the Hessisch-Niedersächsische Allgemeine (HNA) from Kassel, which belongs to the Ippen-Verlag ( Münchner Merkur ) . The supraregional part is taken over by the central editorial office in Kassel. The HNA maintains its own editorial offices in Göttingen and Hanover for reporting on the state of Lower Saxony and the district of Göttingen . The content from these external editors is also used in the two other Lower Saxony editions of the HNA, the Sollinger Allgemeine from Uslar in the Northeim district and the Northeimer Neuesten Nachrichten from the district town of Northeim and in the Harzkurier.
Radio and television
As part of the state of Lower Saxony , the district of Göttingen belongs to the broadcasting area of the NDR . Although the NDR maintains its own outdoor studio in Göttingen, there are no regional divisions of the NDR programs for the district. However, the district area has a not inconsiderable share in the reporting of regional broadcasts from the NDR-Studio Braunschweig , which cover eastern and southern Lower Saxony.
In the old district of Göttingen as well as in parts of the old district of Duderstadt and small outskirts of the old district of Münden, the non-commercial local radio " Stadtradio Göttingen " with its extensive local reporting can also be received.
The nationwide commercial radio stations ffn and Hitradio Antenne broadcast regular local windows for southern Lower Saxony and operate studios in Göttingen for this purpose. However, depending on the location, the northern district area is more likely to receive the regional news from Braunschweig through the strong transmitter on Torfhaus .
The number of inhabitants on December 31, 2019 in brackets
|Joint municipalities with their member municipalities|
|with its member communities
* Seat of the integrated community administration
Municipalities until 2016
|with its member communities
* Seat of the integrated community administration
Municipalities until 1972
Before 1973 the following towns and communities belonged to the old district of Göttingen:
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign GÖ when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today.
Until the 1990s, vehicles from the old districts (excluding the city of Göttingen) were given special identification numbers:
|Altkreis Göttingen||AA to EZ||100 to 999|
|KA to LZ|
|NA to NZ|
|TA to TZ|
|VA to VZ|
|XA to XZ|
|ZA to ZZ|
|Altkreis Münden||HA to HZ|
|MA to MZ|
|SC to SZ|
|UA to UZ|
|YA to YZ|
|Altkreis Duderstadt||YES to JZ|
|PA to RZ|
|WA to WZ|
Since November 15, 2012, in connection with the license plate liberalization , the distinctive signs DUD (Duderstadt district) and HMÜ (Münden district) have been available. On the occasion of the merger with the district of Osterode am Harz , its distinctive sign OHA has been issued in the newly created district since November 1, 2016. In the city of Göttingen only the GÖ is allocated.
- Carolin Köpp, Stefan Liebig (authors and editors) The new district of Göttingen. Edition Limosa (publisher); First publication date: 2016, ISBN 978-3-86037-611-9 .
- Erwin Steinmetz: An overview of the history of the Göttingen district from 1807 to the present. In: Göttinger Jahrbuch. Volume 34. 1986, Goltze, Göttingen, 1986. pp. 145-182.
- Alexander Engelhardt, Horst Henze [Hrsg.]: The district of Göttingen: Anniversary edition on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the district of Göttingen. Verlag Kommunikation u. Wirtschaft, Oldenburg, 1985. ISBN 3-88363-043-8
- Sigmund Koritnig (Ed.): On the mineralogy and geology of the area around Göttingen. Der Aufschluss special volume 28, VFMG, Heidelberg, 1978 (  PDF; 42 MB).
- Rudi Ronge: The district of Göttingen: history, landscape, economy. Stalling, Oldenburg, 1974.
- Otto Fahlbusch: The district of Göttingen: in its historical, legal and economic development. Reise, Göttingen, 1960.
- Website of the district of Göttingen
- District of Göttingen on the pages of Territorial Changes in Germany and German-Administered Areas 1874–1945. by Rolf Jehke
- The inscriptions of the district of Göttingen via Deutsche Insschriften Online
- Article Landkreis Göttingen In: GenWiki.de
- Distribution of endangered vascular plants in the district of Göttingen (2017)
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- change agreement between the districts of Göttingen and Osterode am Harz (PDF), last accessed: February 1, 2014.
- Einhornhöhle is now part of the UNESCO Geopark. In: ndr.de . May 8, 2015, accessed May 13, 2017 .
- Lower Saxony's agriculture in figures : Land areas in Lower Saxony by type of actual use in 2016. As of December 31, 2015
- Service center for rural development and agricultural support in Lower Saxony
- NLWKN nature reserves in Lower Saxony
- District regulation for the province of Hanover (1884)
- Law on the reorganization of the municipalities in the Göttingen area of November 20, 1972 (PDF; 37 kB)
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 208 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 207 .
- Information brochure from the district of Göttingen on the district merger
- NDR: way for the greater district of Göttingen
- district of Göttingen is growing: the district council votes for the merger with Osterode
- change agreement between the districts of Göttingen and Osterode am Harz , last accessed: February 1, 2014.
- Article in the Mündener Allgemeine , accessed on November 1, 2016
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. goettingen.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1972
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1981
- Lower Saxony regional database
- Residents after the district merger on November 1, 2016 with the district of Osterode am Harz
- Lower Saxony regional database
- aktuelle-wahlen-niedersachsen.de ( Memento of 15 November 2016 Internet Archive )
- Official final result of the district elections in the district of Göttingen on September 10, 2006 with comparison to 2001.
- Result of the local elections 2011 ( Memento from August 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Official Journal 49/2016 , p. 814
- Coat of arms for the new district of Göttingen is valid - flags are hoisted at the same time at district houses Osterode and Göttingen. (PDF) In: landkreisgoettingen.de. June 9, 2017, accessed on September 12, 2017 (press release from the district of Göttingen).
- Harz Kurier , issue of Friday, March 3, 2017 | FLOATING LIGHTS | 03
- New coat of arms and new flag
- History and coat of arms of the district of Göttingen
- New flag for the district
- Entry about the partnerships on the homepage of the district of Göttingen.Retrieved on April 20, 2019, 12:37 am
- Zukunftsatlas 2016. Archived from the original ; accessed on March 23, 2018 .
- PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
- Culture in a circle
- Bad Lauterberg cultural area
- Wilhelm Busch Mill
- Märchengrund Bad Sachsa
- Gut Herbigshagen