|Height :||155 m above sea level NN|
|Residents :||1105 (December 31, 2015)|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1973|
|Postal code :||37120|
|Area code :||05593|
West elevation from Harste
Harste is a village belonging to the Bovenden district in Lower Saxony and has around 1,100 inhabitants. It lies in the Leinegraben , which is separated from the Leinetal by the Keuperrücken of the Lieth. The stream that flows through the place is also called Harste .
The village was first mentioned as Heristi in a document from Otto the Great in 952 , but the place name and archaeological finds suggest a much earlier settlement, which is not least due to the assumption that a castle in Harste should already have existed around 900. The meaning of the name is controversial. In the Middle Ages and up to the 18th century, Harste was an important junction of military and trade routes with a post office. The post therefore ran north-south through the Leinetal past Göttingen on a shorter route. Since the 13th century there was a moated castle in the northwest , which served as the administrative center of the Guelph property and came into the possession of Duke Ernst in 1354 . In the meantime, the castle was under the sovereignty of Bishop Siegfried von Hildesheim , from whom it was later wrested. The disputes then developed into his dispute over the goods in Harste, which on the one hand the Hildesheim bishopric did not want to cede, but the House of Welfs expressed a claim to it. Burgmannen , who were used to defend the castle, came from the local nobility. The transfer of Harste into the hands of the Guelph took place on July 30, 1354, when the Lords of Rosdorf ceded all of their goods, as well as the tithes of the place and the lien on Harste Castle that Strutz von Harste had given them. Two years later, the Lords of Gladebeck renounced their goods in Harste on March 23, 1356 and handed them over to Duke Ernst and his sons Ernst and Otto the Quaden , with the exception of those goods that they owned as fiefs and that they indicated their liege lords, the Hildesheim bishop Heinrich III. and handed over to Count von Everstein Otto.
The Harste Office was also established at this time. In 1418 it comprised the official villages of Ellershausen , Esebeck , Emmenhausen , Grone , Harste, Hetjershausen , Holtensen , Lenglern , Mengershausen , Parensen , Rosdorf and Weende ; In 1448 the villages Nikolausberg and Elliehausen were added, while in 1558 the localities Ellershausen, Grone, Holtensen, Mengershausen, Rosdorf and in 1823 Weende left the association. Other localities that were added to the Harste office in the following years were Roringen , Herberhausen , Bösinghausen , Gladebeck and the Marienstein monastery near Nörten-Hardenberg. Around 1570 the moated castle was replaced by a castle that burned down in 1727. An office building, which has been preserved to this day, was then built on the site, in which the present-day Bovender districts Lenglern and Emmenhausen were administered until 1823. It is surrounded by the farm buildings of a former domain . Unlike in other official villages, Harste was not granted local jurisdiction until late in the 17th century. Until then, the district court on the Leineberg in Göttingen was responsible for the entire Harste office , which was also responsible for the eastern part of the Münden office. During the Thirty Years War , Harste was also the victim of numerous lootings, devastations and fires; So in 1623 Spanish troops plundered the village, smashed five church windows, made kindling out of the doors and stalls of the church and stole the chalices. Three years later, more church windows were smashed, bullets were made from the lead frame, and the church bells were removed to be used for guns. In addition to the robbery of food, more and more houses were set on fire and the harvest in the fields was destroyed, which caused the residents of Harste to flee to Göttingen with their cattle. From 1632, fifteen of the sixty houses in the village were in ruins, and most of the residents had fled. Weimar troops were followed by Hessian and Swedish soldiers, as well as imperial troops , the result was that in Harste at the end of the war half of all farms were desolate. A few days before the Peace of Westphalia was proclaimed , Swedish associations moved into the village and consumed the last of their supplies within five days.
On January 1, 1973, Harste was incorporated into the Bovenden district.
Since 1986 the historical town center has been relieved by a bypass .
The Harste local council consists of seven members with voting rights and one member without voting rights. Four members belong to the FWG, three from the SPD and one from the CDU.
Georg Fricke ( SPD ) was elected local mayor of Harste in 2011 , who died on November 5, 2013 and left the local council. The deputy mayor Reinhard Neubieser (CDU) then took over the office of mayor.
coat of arms
Blazon : "In the red shield above a blue corrugated shield base a silver moated castle with blue roofs, the tower is covered with an early Gothic shield, in it a soaring golden lion in red." The silver moated castle reminds of the one that once belonged to the dukes of Braunschweig-Lüneburg Castle in Harste. This former affiliation is underlined again by the coat of arms with the Guelph lion. The coat of arms was approved in 1951.
The branch of the Tedox company is located in the former domain (formerly Carpet Domain Harste GmbH & Co. KG). It offers, among other things, curtains, lamps, household goods, food, furniture, home textiles and carpets. Over 80 locations extend over the whole of Germany; Ascending trend.
Culture and sights
St. Johannis Church
The St. John's Church, under the patronage of John the Baptist , was built between 1769 and 1770 on the walls of an older building. The new building became necessary because stones had initially fallen from the vault over the altar, threatened to collapse and the service had to be held in the parish barn in the meantime. While the foundation rests on the old foundation walls, the interior fittings are completely rebuilt, with the pulpit altar and the church chairs being used for the pastor and church leaders to this day. Still without an organ, which could only be set up in 1772/73, the first service took place in the new building at the end of 1770. The current font was erected in 1850. Renovations and alterations took place in 1875, the church received stove heating in 1885 , while the interior was redesigned again in 1905. So the ceiling cladding was renewed, new glass windows were installed behind the altar and both galleries in the latter were demolished in order to obtain a larger choir room . This interior design has been largely preserved to this day.
- Karl-Heinz Bielefeld: Contributions to the history of the village Harste (Göttingen district) . In: Plesse Archive . tape 12 , 1977, pp. 11-243 .
- Harste in the Topographia Braunschweig Lüneburg ( Matthäus Merian )
- Harste on the official site of the Bovenden patch
- Unofficial website of Harste
- Site of the local mayor
- Heinrich Lücke: Castles, official residences and manors around Göttingen. Pieper, Clausthal-Zellerfeld 1952, p. 85.
- Hans Friedrich Georg Julius Sudendorf (Hrsg.): Document book for the history of the dukes of Braunschweig and Lüneburg and their lands. Second part . Carl Rümpler, Hanover 1860, p. 42 f .
- Ernst Böhme, Michael Scholz, Jens Wehner: Village and monastery Weende: from the beginnings to the 19th century . Göttingen 1992, ISBN 3-9803062-0-8 , p. 121.
- Otto Fahlbusch: The district of Göttingen in its historical, legal and economic development . Heinz Reise-Verlag, Göttingen 1960, p. 108 f .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 207 .
- Local Councilor Harste , accessed on March 6, 2014
- notice of the Bovenden patch. In: Göttinger Tageblatt , November 9, 2013; Retrieved December 13, 2013
- Göttinger Tageblatt , December 14, 2013
- Karl-Heinz Bielefeld: Contributions to the history of the village of Harste (Göttingen district) . In: Plesse Archive . tape 12 , 1977, pp. 242 .
- Karl-Heinz Bielefeld: Contributions to the history of the village of Harste (Göttingen district) . In: Plesse Archive . tape 12 , 1977, pp. 131 .