District of Nienburg / Weser
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Administrative headquarters :||Nienburg / Weser|
|Area :||1,398.97 km 2|
|Residents:||121,390 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||87 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||NI|
|Circle key :||03 2 56|
|Circle structure:||36 municipalities|
|Address of the
District building at Schloßplatz 31582 Nienburg / Weser
|District Administrator :||Detlev Kohlmeier (independent)|
|Location of the district of Nienburg / Weser in Lower Saxony|
The district borders clockwise to the west, beginning with the districts of Diepholz , Verden and Heidekreis , the Hanover region and the Schaumburg district (all in Lower Saxony) and the Minden-Lübbecke district (in North Rhine-Westphalia ).
1885 to 1932
The first district of Nienburg was formed in 1885 in the Prussian province of Hanover through the merger of the previous office of Nienburg in the sub- county of Hoya with the non-office city of Nienburg.
1932 until today
During the district reform in the province of Hanover on October 1, 1932, the old district of Nienburg, the district of Stolzenau and the communities of Haßbergen and Anderten from the dissolved district of Hoya were merged to form the significantly larger district of Nienburg / Weser.
On March 1, 1974, the district was fundamentally redesigned by the Hanover Act as part of the Lower Saxony regional reform:
- The communities of Bockhop , Borstel , Campen , Sieden and Staffhorst were reclassified into the County of Diepholz .
- The Wiedensahl community was reclassified to the Schaumburg-Lippe district .
- The communities Lichtenhorst and Rodewald from the disbanded district of Neustadt am Rübenberge came to the district of Nienburg / Weser. Lichtenhorst was incorporated into Steimbke .
- As a result of the above-mentioned district changes and numerous parish mergers, the number of parishes in the district decreased from 71 to 26.
The district reached its current size on August 1, 1977, when ten communities from the east of the dissolved district of Grafschaft Hoya were incorporated into the district as part of the district reform in Lower Saxony . These communities belonged to the combined communities Grafschaft Hoya and Eystrup , which merged on January 1, 2011 to form the joint community Grafschaft Hoya.
(from 1990 on December 31st)
The 2016 district elections led to the following result:
|Parties and constituencies||Percent
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||39.9||18th||41.4||19th||45.8||23|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||29.6||14th||35.3||16||36.4||18th|
|Green||Alliance 90 / The Greens||8.6||4th||10.8||5||5.3||3|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||8.3||4th||-||-||-||-|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||3.4||2||2.8||1||4.4||2|
|Flat share||Voter group||7.7||3||7.9||4th||6.0||3|
|Turnout in percent||53.9||52.2||53.0|
Detlev Kohlmeier (independent) has been the full-time district administrator of the Nienburg / Weser district since November 1, 2011.
Previous district administrators:
- Siegfried von Campe (1938–1945)
- Hans vom Hoff (1945-1946)
- Friedrich Röbbing (1946–1948)
- August Witte-Dunk (1948–1964)
- Friedrich Benecke (1964)
- Harry Metterhausen (1964–1972)
- Heinrich Schmidt (1972–1981)
- Helmut Rode (1981–1991)
- Werner Siemann (1991-2002)
- Heinrich Eggers (2002–2011)
- Detlev Kohlmeier (since 2011)
Upper District Directors
- Heinrich Kauke (1946–1952)
- Oskar Harms (1952–1976)
- Werner Grundmann (1976–1979)
- Wilfried Wiesbrock (1979-2003)
coat of arms
Blazon : The shield, which is divided and split at the bottom, shows two silver crossed horse heads on top of a red background , as can be found on the gables of farmhouses in the district. The black, red-armored bear paw on a golden background in the lower left part indicates the Count of Hoya .
The silver buffalo horn on a blue background in the lower right part reminds of the Counts of Wölpe .
Economy and Infrastructure
The district of Nienburg / Weser is built on a broad regional economic structure with around 4900 small and medium-sized companies. In addition to traditional family businesses in the craft sector, paper and glass production, the chemical industry, food production, logistics as well as automotive suppliers, special machine construction and the field of regenerative energies are the industry focuses. Agriculture also makes a significant contribution to the region's economic output; especially the asparagus cultivation is known far beyond the region. The WIN GmbH business development agency takes care of the sustainable development of the economic region .
In the city of Nienburg there is an animal feed and glass industry. An important economic factor is the German armed forces , which are based here at some locations ; There is a larger location in particular in the Langendamm district of Nienburg. There are also some chemical companies in Nienburg.
The Mittelweser Clinics , which are now part of the Helios Clinics, are located in Nienburg and Stolzenau . The Hoya site was closed and the building demolished.
The following federal highways cross the Nienburg district:
- B 6 Cuxhaven - Görlitz (via Bremerhaven , Bremen and Hanover )
- B 61 ( Bassum - Rheda-Wiedenbrück )
- B 209 ( Rohrsen - Schwarzenbek )
- B 214 ( Lingen - Braunschweig )
- B 215 ( Rotenburg - Raddestorf )
- B 441 ( Uchte - Hanover )
- B 482 ( Leese - Porta Westfalica - Vennebeck )
In addition, some state roads (e.g. L 349 and L 351) and a number of district roads cross the district.
The district is located away from motorways, as plans for the A 32 (Nienburg– Helmstedt ) and the A 35 (Nienburg– Bielefeld ) were never realized. The closest federal motorways are the A 7 and the A 27 , both of which are about 10 km from the district.
The district town of Nienburg received a rail connection with the opening of the Wunstorf – Bremen line in 1847 ; the line was built by the Hanover State Railway. From her three branch lines formerly branched off, namely the railway line to Rahden opened by the Prussian State Railway in 1910 , as well as the railway line to Diepholz and the railway line to Minden (from 1921 to today) completed by the Deutsche Reichsbahn (1920-1945) in 1921/22 former branch line to Stadthagen .
Before Uchte could be reached by the state railway, two narrow-gauge railways met here as early as 1898/99. The Mindener Kreisbahnen route led via Petershagen to Minden, the Steinhuder Meer Railway via Rehburg-Loccum to Wunstorf.
From the main line Wunstorf – Bremerhaven branches off in Eystrup a line that was built in 1881 by the Hoyaer Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft and led to the old station of Hoya on the right bank of the Weser; It was not until 1912 that she crossed the river to the small train station on the left bank. There was the connection to the narrow-gauge lines of the Kleinbahn Hoya – Syke – Asendorf GmbH , which led from 1900 to Syke and 1905 to Bücken. It was not until 1962/63 that the narrow-gauge railway was re-gauged after the merger of the two companies into the Verkehrsbetriebe Grafschaft Hoya GmbH , so that continuous traffic between Hoya and Syke became possible.
The rail network in the district once had a total length of 227 km, 73 km of which are still in full operation today, and a further 32 km are used by museum railways . Settings data:
- 1935: Rehburg City – Stolzenau – Uchte Klb. (28 km, meter gauge)
- 1960: Hoya – Bücken (3 km, meter gauge)
- 1961: Leese-Stolzenau – Münchehagen (–Stadthagen) (15 km)
- 1964: (Wunstorf–) Bad Rehburg city (7 km, meter gauge)
- 1968: Nienburg-Uchte (-Rahden) (59 km)
- 1969: Nienburg – Wietzen (–Sulingen – Diepholz) (17 km)
- 1972: Eystrup – Hoya – Hoyerhagen (–Syke) (14 km)
- 1973: (Todtenhausen–) Harrienstädt – Uchte (10 km)
The main route Bremen – Hanover is served by RE Norddeich - Emden - Bremen Hbf - Hannover Hbf . Intercity trains on line 56 Oldenburg (Oldb) - Hanover - Magdeburg - Leipzig / Berlin stop in Nienburg every two hours . The Nienburg (Weser) station is also the end point of the S-Bahn line 2 to Hannover Hbf– Haste .
The Nienburg – Minden railway line with intermediate stops at Leese-Stolzenau and Petershagen-Lahde is served every two hours on weekdays by the RE 78 Porta-Express to Bielefeld . Until December 8, 2017, the trains continued to run on weekends via Verden to Rotenburg, the previous route can only be covered with two changes.
The Weser-Hunte Regional Association , the Nienburg Music School, the municipal cultural officers within the cities and communities, the parishes and private cultural initiatives take care of cultural issues .
There are eight Jewish cemeteries in the Nienburg district : in Lavelsloh , Hoyerhagen , Leese , Liebenau , Nienburg / Weser , Rehburg , Stolzenau and Uchte . They are cultural monuments that are worth protecting - stone witnesses to formerly existing Jewish communities and a lively Jewish community life up to the 1930s. The cemeteries are usually difficult to find, especially since they are mainly on the outskirts of the communities.
Mittelweser-Touristik GmbH provides information about tourist offers such as cycling, art, culture or events . The regional tourism association is responsible for the entire Middle Weser region, which extends from Minden to Bremen, on behalf of 18 partners.
There are 36 nature reserves in the Nienburg / Weser district . The largest ( Uchter Moor ) has an area of 3,263 ha (area share of the district of Nienburg / Weser: 3,165 ha), the smallest ( alluvial forest near Hingste ) an area of 2.5 ha.
- List of nature reserves in the Nienburg / Weser district
- List of landscape protection areas in the district of Nienburg / Weser
- List of natural monuments in the district of Nienburg / Weser
- List of protected landscape components in the Nienburg / Weser district
The number of inhabitants on December 31, 2019 in brackets.
- Nienburg / Weser , district town , independent municipality (31,448)
- Rehburg-Loccum , city [seat: Rehburg] (10.161)
- Steyerberg , Flecken (5191)
Joint municipalities with their member municipalities
* Seat of the joint municipality administration
The following table lists all former municipalities in the Nienburg / Weser district and their current affiliation. All listed incorporations and changes of district took place on March 1, 1974.
Geographical center of Lower Saxony
The geographic center of Lower Saxony is in the municipality of Hoyerhagen in the Nienburg / Weser district.
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign NI when the license plates that are still valid today were introduced . It is still issued today.
- Hermann Greve : Bibliography of the district of Diepholz including the combined communities Harpstedt (district Oldenburg), Eystrup and Grafschaft Hoya (district Nienburg) and Riede (combined community Thedinghausen, district Verden). (Ed .: District Diepholz), Syke and Diepholz, 1984, XXXVIII u. 453 p. (With 3505 titles)
- Wendula Dahle (Ed.): In the land of moors and dykes. Excursions left and right of the Weser. A travel and reading book. Bremen 1998, 352 p. M. numerous Fig .; ISBN 3-86108-466-X
- Marco Adameck u. Dieter Bischop : Archaeological monuments in the districts of Diepholz and Nienburg / Weser. (Ed .: Landschaftsverband Weser-Hunte e.V.), Diepholz / Nienburg [Weser] (2001), 36 p. M. numerous Photos, drawings, plans, etc. 1 map sketch
- Marco Adameck: Mills in the districts of Diepholz and Nienburg / Weser. (Ed .: Landschaftsverband Weser-Hunte eV), Diepholz / Nienburg [Weser] ²1999, 30 p. M. 30 photos, 1 drawing a. 2 map sketches
- Stefan Amt (bhb = Office for Historical Building Research, Hanover): Medieval village churches in the districts of Diepholz and Nienburg / Weser. (Ed .: Landschaftsverband Weser-Hunte eV), Diepholz / Nienburg [Weser] 2004, 46 p. M. numerous Photos, drawings, plans, etc. 1 map sketch
- Ralf Vogeding : Sculptures and objects in public space in the districts of Diepholz and Nienburg / Weser. (Ed .: Landschaftsverband Weser-Hunte eV), Diepholz / Nienburg [Weser] 2005, 52 p. M. numerous Photos and 1 map sketch
- Anke Twachtmann-Schlichter: Museums in the districts of Diepholz and Nienburg / Weser. (Ed .: Landschaftsverband Weser-Hunte eV), Diepholz / Nienburg [Weser] ³2006, 47 p. M. numerous Photos, 1 drawing a. 1 map sketch
- [Author collective]: Churches in the Mittelweser region. Places of encounter and reflection. (Ed .: Mittelweser-Touristik GmbH), Nienburg 2006, 48 p. M. numerous Fig.
- District of Nienburg / Weser: District of Nienburg / Weser. Illustrated book, Nienburg / Weser 1982
- [Author collective]: Between Weser and Hunte. A brief overview of the country for the districts of Diepholz and Nienburg / Weser. Nature - history - economy - art and culture - society. Ed .: Landschaftsverband Weser-Hunte e. V., Diepholz and Nienburg / Weser 2016, ISBN 9783000521256 .
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Iselin Gundermann , Walther Hubatsch : Outline of German Administrative History 1815–1945 , A.10, Marburg (Lahn) 1981, p. 163
- Rolf Jehke: Territorial changes in Germany. Retrieved March 29, 2013 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 220 .
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1972
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1981
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. nienburg.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Official final result of the district elections on September 10, 2006 , on nls.niedersachsen.de
- Preliminary results District elections - Elections of the representatives in the independent cities and in the districts / the Hanover region - 256 Nienburg (Weser) ( Memento from August 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), on nls.niedersachsen.de
- "District of Nienburg". In: "Jewish cemeteries according to today's administrative structure - Lower Saxony." In: Overview of all projects for the documentation of Jewish grave inscriptions in the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany .
- Landkreis Nienburg: List of nature reserves sorted by name and number , Landkreis Nienburg / Weser at NLWKN
- New nature reserves , on nlwkn.niedersachsen.de
- Auwald nature reserve near Hingste, registration number: NSG HA 161 , on nlwkn.niedersachsen.de
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).