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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Bassum
Map of Germany, position of the city of Bassum highlighted

Coordinates: 52 ° 51 ′  N , 8 ° 44 ′  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Diepholz
Height : 42 m above sea level NHN
Area : 168.58 km 2
Residents: 15,964 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 95 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 27211
Primaries : 04241, 04248 , 04249 , 04244Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : DH, SY
Community key : 03 2 51 007
City structure: 16 localities

City administration address :
Alte Poststrasse 10
27211 Bassum
Website :
Mayor : Christian Porsch ( Citizen Block )
Location of the city of Bassum in the Diepholz district
Landkreis Diepholz Niedersachsen Nordrhein-Westfalen Nordrhein-Westfalen Landkreis Osnabrück Landkreis Nienburg/Weser Bremen Delmenhorst Landkreis Verden Landkreis Vechta Landkreis Oldenburg Landkreis Cloppenburg Stemshorn Lemförde Quernheim Brockum Marl Quernheim Hüde Lembruch Dümmer Diepholz Drebber Barnstorf Wetschen Dickel Rehden Hemsloh Barver Freistatt Wehrbleck Bahrenborstel Varrel Kirchdorf Wagenfeld Barenburg Barenburg Eydelstedt Sulingen Drentwede Scholen Ehrenburg Neuenkirchen Maasen Borstel Siedenburg Mellinghausen Staffhorst Schwaförden Asendorf Affinghausen Sudwalde Schwarme Martfeld Bruchhausen-Vilsen Twistringen Bassum Syke Weyhe Stuhrmap
About this picture

Bassum ( Low German : Bassen ) is a town in the Diepholz district in Lower Saxony with 15,964 inhabitants.



Bassum is located in the southeast of the Wildeshauser Geest Nature Park, about 25 km south of Bremen and is traversed by the Klosterbach . The Bassum district of Nordwohlde is located on the Hombach ; Neubruchhausen, the easternmost district, is located on the upper reaches of the Hache .
The Bassumer Utkiek is an 87 meter high, artificially raised mountain in the Wedehorn district. It is located on the site of the AbfallWirtschaftsGesellschaft (AWG) mbH - Entsorgungszentrum Bassum and is the highest point in the Diepholz district .

City structure

The city consists of the following localities (population on December 31, 2015)

Albringhausen Apelstedt Bassum Bramstedt Eschenhausen Groß Henstedt Groß Ringmar Hallstedt Hollwedel Neubruchhausen Nienstedt Nordwohlde Osterbinde Schorlingborstel Stühren Wedehorn
Localities of Bassum (clickable map)
Locality surface Residents Mayor Political party
Albringhausen 7.01 km² 310 Jürgen Laschinski Citizen Block
(with Pannstedt)
242 Hans-Hagen Boehringer CDU
(with Bünte and Röllinghausen)
1910 Helmut Zurmühlen CDU
Eschenhausen 196 Annegret Meineke CDU
Groß Henstedt 118 Malte Dannemann CDU
Groß Ringmar
(with Klein Ringmar)
227 André Bartels CDU
Hallstedt 204 Arne Engelke thinker CDU
(with Dimhausen, Möhlenhof, Hilken,
Katenkamp, ​​Nüstedt, Klein and Groß Hollwedel)
623 Heimke Möhlenhof CDU
(with Freidorf)
1212 Hendrik Bülter CDU
Nienstedt 129 Dorothee Binder CDU
(with Stütelberg, Fesenfeld, Kastendiek, Steinforth,
Högenhausen, Kätingen and Pestinghausen )
1430 Birgit Kattau CDU
Easter bandage 793 Helma Schöpe SPD
(with Ebersheide, Lowe and Kolloge)
5 km² 134 Hermuth Strasbourg Citizen Block
Stir 8.33 km² 295 Manfred Schmidt SPD
Wedehorn 181 Horst Husmann Citizen Block
(with its old districts Bassum, Loge
and Freudenberg as well as Hassel, Klenkenborstel,
Nienhaus and Wichenhausen)
Cathleen Schorling CDU

Neighboring communities

In the north the city of Bassum borders on the municipality of Stuhr , in the northeast on the city of Syke . In the east, the city of Bassum shares a border with the municipality of Bruchhausen-Vilsen , which belongs to the joint municipality of Bruchhausen-Vilsen , and in the south with the municipalities of Schwaförden , Scholen and Neuenkirchen , which belong to the joint municipality of Schwaförden . Bassum borders the town of Twistringen in the southwest and the communities Beckeln , Dünsen and Kirchseelte , which belong to the Harpstedt municipality in the Oldenburg district, in the northwest .

Land use

use Area (ha) and proportion
1979 1989 2001 2010 2015
Building and open space 827 867 961 1047 1086
  • Living space
374 432 530 581 601
  • Commercial and industrial space
64 49 71 91 91
Operating area 40 49 78 111 99
  • Mining land
26th 29 46 75 46
Recreation area 39 78 56 52 55
  • Green area
25th 39 25th 52 55
traffic area 880 880 895 933 885
  • Road, path, place
829 829 849 800 658
Agricultural area 12731 12740 12462 12204 12174
  • moor
5 5 4th 4th 4th
  • pagan
7th - 1 1 -
Forest area 2217 2131 2263 2324 2415
Water surface 82 87 106 118 128
Areas of other use 13 22nd 32 33 17th
  • Unland
13 15th 14th 15th 7th
  • Cemeteries (from 1989)
- 7th 7th 7th 7th
total 16828 16854 16855 16857 16858

The land use in the city of Bassum is characterized by agriculture. The agricultural areas have shrunk by over 550 hectares since 1979. The building and open spaces and forest areas have grown during this period. The business, recreation and traffic areas have become larger in the meantime, but then become smaller again.


On average, the air temperature in Bassum reached 9.6 ° C and 693 millimeters of precipitation fell .

Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Bassum
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 3.5 4.0 9.0 15.4 18.3 21.1 23.7 22.8 18.6 13.5 8.3 4.4 O 13.6
Min. Temperature (° C) −0.9 −1.2 1.2 4.3 7.5 10.1 12.5 12.6 9.6 6.0 3.5 -0.1 O 5.5
Temperature (° C) 1.5 1.5 5.0 9.9 13.1 15.8 18.0 17.6 13.9 9.7 6.0 2.3 O 9.6
Precipitation ( mm ) 70 42 39 22nd 58 63 77 76 60 59 60 67 Σ 693
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 1.1 2.1 4.2 6.6 6.9 6.7 6.8 5.9 4.6 3.6 1.5 1.2 O 4.3
Rainy days ( d ) 19th 17th 15th 10 15th 14th 16 17th 15th 17th 19th 21st Σ 195
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Nature and landscape protection areas

There are six designated nature reserves (NSG) in the Bassum city area :

There are also seven designated landscape protection areas (LSG):

  • LSG Siekholz (west of Stühren; 14.0 ha), since 1939
  • LSG Westermark (north of Bramstedt, mostly in the city of Syke; 701.0 ha), since 1964
  • LSG Hombach - Finkenbach - Klosterbach (in the villages of Stühren, Nordwohlde and Bramstedt; 2302.0 ha), since 1967
  • LSG Mühlenbach - Wedehorner Holz (south of the village of Bassum; 671.1 ha), since 1969
  • LSG Freidorf (south of Neubruchhausen; 269.0 ha), since 1971
  • LSG Harpstedter Geest (north of Dimhausen; 206.0 ha), since 1973
  • LSG Hachetal II (north of Neubruchhausen, mostly in Syke; 350.3 ha), since 1996


Closter Bassen in Freudenberg - Matthäus Merian, 1654

The area of ​​today's city of Bassum was settled early on, as the barrows in Stühren and the Thingstätte near the Freudenburg indicate.

The noblewoman Liutgart gave her entire paternal inheritance in 858 in order to found a canonical monastery. This monastery was consecrated as Birxinon (Bassum) monastery by Archbishop Ansgar von Bremen . In 1541 the Reformation was introduced by Count Jobst I von Hoya.

The Counts of Hoya , whose domain included the Freudenberg office , were first mentioned in a document in 1202. Around 1230, Freudenberg Castle was built by the Counts of Hoya, which was first mentioned in 1388 as "Slot Vroydenbergh". When the Counts of Hoya died out in 1582, the Freudenberg office with the hamlets of Bassum, Freudenberg and Loge and seventeen villages fell to the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel , while Bassum monastery fell to Calenberg and Wolfenbüttel, while Neubruchhausen fell to Celle.

Political affiliation of Bassum
State / Federation of States Member State / Member State Administrative unit from ... to
Holy Roman Empire 1400Holy Roman Empire Holy Roman Empire County Hoya Freudenberg Office until 1582
Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel 1582-1807
Kingdom of WestphaliaKingdom of Westphalia Westphalen Department of the Weser Canton of Freudenberg
(in the Rinteln district )
France 1804First empire France Department of the mouths of the Weser Canton of Bassum
(in the Arrondissement of Nienburg )
German Confederation Kingdom of HanoverKingdom of Hanover Hanover Freudenberg Office 1814-1866
North German ConfederationNorth German Confederation North German Confederation PrussiaPrussia Prussia 1867-1871
German EmpireThe German Imperium German Empire 1871-1885
Syke district 1885-1919
German EmpireGerman Empire German Empire 1919-1932
County Hoya County 1932-1933
German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) German Empire 1933-1945
Germany 1946Germany 1945 to 1949 Germany 1945-1946
Flag of the State of Hanover (1946) .svg State of Hanover 1946
Lower SaxonyLower Saxony Lower Saxony 1946-1949
GermanyGermany Germany 1949-1977
District of Diepholz since 1977

Through the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the former county of Hoya became part of the Kingdom of Hanover . The areas of the former County of Hoya were assigned to the new Province of County Hoya in 1816 and to the Landdrostei Hannover in 1823 . In the Statistical Handbook of the Kingdom of Hanover in 1824, the areas of today's city of Bassum were assigned to the lordly offices of Freudenberg , Harpstedt, Sycke and Bruchhausen. The Freudenberg office included the spots Bassum with Stift, Freudenberg with Haft and Helldiek and Loge, as well as the villages of Albringhausen, Apelstedt, Döhren, Eschenhausen, Hallstedt, Hassel, Groß Hollwedel, Klenkenborstel, Nienhaus, Nienstedt, Osterbinde, Klein Ringmar, Schörlingborstel, Stühren , Wedehorn and Wichenhausen. The Amtsvogtei Böhrde in the office Harpstedt were assigned u. a. the villages of Diek, Dimhausen, Groß Henstedt, Klein Hollwedel, Nüstedt and Groß Ringmar. The parish Nordwohlde in the Syke office consisted of the farmers Nordwohlde with the villages Castendeich, Fesenfeld, Graffinghausen, Hoyenhausen, Kätingen, Pestinhausen, Steinforth and Stütelberg as well as Groß Bramstedt with the villages Klein Bramstedt, Bünte and Röllinghausen. The patch Neubruchhausen was assigned to the office Bruchhausen. The Kingdom of Hanover in 1867 the Prussian province of Hanover , the country Drosteien were converted into administrative districts in 1885 and new circuits instead of the offices have been established since Bassum belonged to the circle Syke in the Region of Hanover .

From 1852 to 1879 the district court had its seat in Freudenberg Castle, it was moved to Bassum in 1879, but it remained the district judge's official residence until 1966. On June 1, 1896, the three spots Bassum, Loge and Freudenberg merged to form the total spots Bassum. Since September 24, 1927, the area of ​​Bassum has been allowed to bear a coat of arms and an official seal. The town of Bassum was granted town charter on November 16, 1929 by the Prussian State Ministry.

As a result of the municipal area reform of 1974, the previously independent surrounding municipalities became localities of the single municipality of Bassum. Until the Prussian district reform in 1932 , Bassum belonged to the Syke district , then to the Grafschaft Hoya district , and since the district reform in 1977 to the Diepholz district .


By a resolution of the Prussian State Ministry , the communities Hassel , Klenkenborstel , Nienhaus and Wichenhausen were united with the hamlet of Bassum on October 17, 1928 .

On March 1, 1974, the previously independent communities of Albringhausen, Apelstedt, Bramstedt, Eschenhausen, Groß Henstedt, Groß Ringmar, Hallstedt, Hollwedel, Neubruchhausen (Flecken), Nienstedt, Nordwohlde, Osterbinde, Schorlingborstel, Stühren and Wedehorn were incorporated into the town of Bassum.

Population development

year May 17, 1939 September 13, 1950 1968 1978 1988 1998 2007 2010 2012 2013 2014
Residents 9,654 17,461 13,843 13,968 13,859 15,643 16,176 15,870 15,442 15,529 15,634

(always on December 31st)


City council

City council election 2016
Turnout: 56.1%
(-2.3  % p )
(-2.6  % p )
(-0.2  % p )
(-3.3  % p )
(+ 0.8  % p )
( n.k. )
( n.k. )


Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
c Bürger-Block eV
g Individual suggestion for Zurmühlen
Town hall Bassum

Since the first local elections after the municipal reform in 1974, there have only been parliamentary groups from the CDU, SPD and FDP in the Bassum City Council. In 1986 the Greens were added as the fourth party with one seat. In the 1991 city council election, the FDP did not run for the first time since 1952, instead the citizens' block with many people who had previously run for the FDP.

The Left Party has had a seat on the council since 2011, which is the first time since 1946 that a party to the left of the SPD and the Greens has a seat on the city council. The FDP did not stand for the Bassum Council between 1991 and 2016 and won a seat in 2016.

In the last city council election on September 11, 2016, the city council was elected for the council period from November 1, 2016 to October 31, 2021.

Parliamentary groups /
basic mandates
Seats week 2006 Seats 2011 Seats for week 2011 Seats
Seats for week 2016 Seats currently
CDU 12 12 11 11 10 11
SPD 8th 7th 7th 7th 6th 6th
B'90 / Greens 1 0 5 5 4th 4th
Citizen Block 9 9 6th 6th 6th 6th
LEFT 0 0 1 1 1 1
FDP 0 0 0 0 1 1
Dambroth / Marx group 0 2 0 0 0 0
Individual applicants 0 0 0 0 1 0
mayor 1 1 1 1 1 1
total 31 31 31 31 30th 30th
  1. Claus Marx left the SPD parliamentary group in 2010 and founded the Dambroth / Marx group with the Green Councilor Rainer Dambroth.
  2. The individual applicant Zurmühlen has arithmetically received two seats, one seat expires.
  3. Individual applicant and CDU member Helmut Zurmühlen joined the CDU council group at the first council meeting.


Up until 1996 there was a full-time city director and an honorary mayor in Bassum, since 1996 there has only been one directly elected full-time mayor. Christian Porsch ( Bürger-Block ) won the runoff election on June 15, 2014, he took office on November 1 and was sworn in on November 6. Deputy honorary mayors are Cathleen Schorling ( CDU ), Bärbel Ehrich ( SPD ) and Jürgen Falck (Bürger-Block).

The general representative of the mayor is the full-time First City Councilor Norbert Lyko (CDU). He was unanimously elected by the city council on December 8, 2014 for a term of eight years and has been the first city councilor since February 1, 2015.

City administration

The administration of the city of Bassum is divided into a management team, the mayor's office and three departments.

The management team consists of the mayor Christian Porsch, the equal opportunities officer Christine Gaumann and the three department heads.

The department is assigned the business development department with its business development officer Alena Grützmacher.

The Department 1 covers the areas of order, social, sports, schools and day care centers. It is headed by First City Councilor Norbert Lyko.

The Department 2 covers the areas of civil office, cultural, civil registry, Finance and Central Services. It is directed by the city treasurer Anke Schulz.

The Faculty 3 includes the areas of construction, land use planning, nature and environment, urban development and economic development and is directed by Martin Kreienhop.

badges and flags

Blazon : “Divided by silver (white) and gold (yellow); above a floating upright green branch with three linden leaves, below two turned away red-reinforced black bear paws; as a shield holder two soaring silver (white) horses , which stand on an ornate golden (yellow) base , in the upper coat of arms a three-towered red wall crown . "

The city ​​of Bassum received its coat of arms on November 24, 1927 after the magistrate had applied for the same on March 24, 1927 . It shows a two-part shield , in the upper half of which three green, upward-pointing linden leaves can be seen on a branch on a white background. Due to the numerous linden trees that line the streets of the city, the city of Bassum was given the title "Lindenstadt". The linden leaves of the coat of arms symbolize the merger of the three spots Bassum, Loge and Freudenberg in 1896. In the lower half of the coat of arms, two outward-pointing bear claws are shown on a yellow background. The bear paws are the symbol of the Counts of Hoya , who owned the area around Bassum until 1582. On the entire coat of arms there is also a wall crown as a symbol for the Freudenburg. The shield is framed by two silver horses, which are the symbol of the state of Lower Saxony. The city colors (green-white-yellow) result from the colors of the shield: green the linden leaves, white the background of the upper half of the shield and yellow the background of the lower half of the shield.


Culture and sights


Aerial photo from 1989 with the then still two-lane federal highway 51

Bassum is home to a total of 98 monuments .

Bassum Abbey

The Bassum monastery (= women's pen or canonical pen ). is the oldest monastery in Lower Saxony. In the European Union the monastery in Bassum is the only still existing canonical monastery.

In 858, the noble lady Liutgart gave her entire paternal inheritance and founded the monastery so that the noble families of the country had the opportunity to give their unmarried daughters a Christian education and care. The monastery was consecrated by Ansgar , Archbishop of Hamburg and Bremen (831–865). Liutgart was also the first abbess of the monastery. To this day, the monastery is run by an abbess. Today's abbess has been Isabell von Kameke since 2008.

The monastery has been Protestant since 1541. Up to 10 canonesses used to live in the monastery. In contrast to monasteries , they were allowed to own private property in the monastery, and they were also allowed to leave the monastery. Their main task was the solemn praise of God, the intercession for the dead and the care of the poor.

Today the monastery still has 10 canonesses (capitulars), but - except for the abbess and her deputy, the dean - there is no longer any residence obligation, so that they live in their respective hometowns, where they pursue normal professions - feel them but join the pen and meet annually for the session of the chapter. Women no longer have to be noble.

The monastery is the nucleus of the city of Bassum, which was then called Birsina.

The current abbey was built in half-timbered buildings in 1754 under the abbess Margaretha Eleonora von Estorff (term of office 1751 to 1776) after she had the old abbess house demolished. Today's abbess house is open to visitors and houses a variety of art-historically significant objects. On the upper floor there is the chapter house with hand-painted, revolving wall covering made of burlap (a slight jute fabric) from the year 1781 (1989 restored) and a Kanonikuszimmer that the starting and arriving canon served to house. In the canon room there is a ceiling painting with simple tendrils. In addition to the abbess house, the former canons' houses were built around the courtyard. The Bassum Abbey also has a monastery garden and there is a monastery forest nearby.

Bassum Collegiate Church

Bassum Collegiate Church
Display gable and a building of the monastery

The Gothic brick church from the middle of the 13th century is significant in terms of art history. According to other sources (information board in front of the collegiate church) it was built around 1200 in a late Romanesque style. The three-aisled hall church with transept was built in the shape of a cross.

In addition to the famous Bassumer bundle of columns, there are a number of abbess epitaphs inside , such as the choir room , restored in 2005 in the historicist style of the 19th century Hanover school , with the unique plaster inlay floor. In the south transept is the tomb of Abbess Anna Countess von Hoya, who died in 1585 . The abbesses' burial place was originally located under the floor of the church.

In a niche on the west wall of the south transept there is a statue from the 19th century depicting St. Viktor ( Viktor von Xanten ), one of the two namesake of the church. A reliquary of St. Victor from around 1250 has also been preserved.

In 1327 a fire destroyed almost all buildings of the monastery, and the church was also badly damaged. The church was then rebuilt in the Gothic style. The inside of the church with its Gothic hall contrasts with the outside of the church as a Romanesque-looking cross-shaped building with the squat church tower in the center of the cross ( crossing tower ) and the Romanesque gable on the east side. Before the fire of 1327 the collegiate church had Westwerk two towers that were not rebuilt.


Opposite the monastery, on the other side of "Bremer Straße", is the Freudenburg. Until the dissolution of the Freudenberg Office, Freudenberg Castle was the seat of the clerks, after which the district court was located. After the district court was moved to Bassum in 1879, it remained the district judge's official residence until 1966. Today the Brug Freudenberg is a European seminar and conference center of the VHS in the district of Diepholz.

Jewish Cemetery

Jewish cemetery on Eschenhäuser Strasse

The Jewish cemetery in Bassum is one of eight well-preserved Jewish cemeteries in the Diepholz district. On the east of the B 61 after Sulingen nearby cemetery are 28 grave stones from the years 1852-1942 for Jewish dead. The last Jewish woman buried here was Josefine Baehr, who took her own life in 1938 after her husband was deported. Her husband Leopold Baehr was murdered in the concentration camp , and the year of death 1942 was added to his wife's tombstone. For Leopold Baehr and three other victims of the Nazi dictatorship, four stumbling blocks by the artist Gunter Demnig were laid in Bassum on December 1, 2009 . see also → List of stumbling blocks in Bassum
During the Second World War , some soldiers' graves were set up for Russian prisoners of war in the Jewish cemetery.

Green spaces and recreation

The Freudenburg am Klosterbach is surrounded by a park and is used for advanced training events, especially the adult education center (VHS). The Agende21 group is creating the monastery park between the Curata senior center, the outdoor pool and the monastery. The Bassumer Utkiek is the highest point in the Diepholz district. The former garbage dump has been converted into a local recreation area.

Petermoor animal park

The zoo is home to around 500 animals from around 80 native and exotic species on an area of ​​three hectares .

The center of the zoo is a large lake with numerous water birds. The walk petting zoo are pot-bellied pigs and goats kept. The monkey house is one of the latest additions .

The city of Bassum is responsible for the park. The zoo association founded in 1967 with over 200 members acts as a non-material and financial sponsor. In 2007 the zoo was the first facility in Germany to be certified as an Archepark by the Society for the Preservation of Old and Endangered Domestic Animals . Since 2015 the zoo has been officially allowed to call itself "zoo".

Regular events

Street theater at the Piazzetta Festival in Bassum 2013

The Bassum advertising community organizes a city festival twice a year with Sunday shopping, the spring festival in spring and the Oktoberfest in autumn. On the first Advent, a small Christmas market takes place around the collegiate church with the "Bassumer Advent".

The regional fair "AktiBa" has been held in Bassum every three years since 2009, and many companies and associations from the Bassum region present themselves at the regional fair.

The Bovelmarkt , a medieval market , has been held annually on the grounds of Freudenberg Castle since 2016 . The organizer is the medieval association De Bovelzumft - Gelebtes Mittelalter eV

Piazzetta: Since 2011 there has been an annual street theater festival in Bassum called the Piazzetta. Artists from home and abroad appear in up to five places in the city center.

Change I and II
Bronze sculpture "Mr. Lienhop with Weimaraner"

Art in public space

Scattered in the townscape of Bassum are some very different sculptures and objects by artists from the region and from the supraregional area:

  • in the Freudenburg Park the bronze sculpture Der Wächter (2003) by Andreas Frömberg , Tronco Celeste ( beech , 2001) by Miguel Ausili , lovers (beech, 2001) by Igors Dobičins , Spitzentanz (beech, 2001) by Louis Niebuhr and the stele Europe (wood, 2004; at the current location since 2009) by Gerd Friedrich
  • in front of the Kreissparkasse the bronze sculpture Mayor Lienhop and his dog (1997) by Andreas Frömberg
  • in front of the Volksbank (= building of the former local court ). Change I and II (stone, ceramic, brick; 2001) by Heidrun Kohnert
  • In front of the Bassum Clinic (former Bassum District Hospital) a stainless steel fountain (1981) by Herbert Bodzin

Natural monuments

  • In the Bassum forest area "Hülsenberg" (near Nordwohlde ) the wild-growing orchid broad-leaved stendelwort ( Epipactis helleborine ) blooms in large numbers every year from mid-July to mid-August .
  • Approx. 250 m south of the women's monastery is the 1000-year-old monastery oak , under which the canons of the women's monastery in Bassum Streit decided in the Middle Ages. Later, when the canons found a taste for coffee, they met once a year under this oak for a coffee round. Hence the name coffee oak.

Economy and Infrastructure


Bassum train station
Pallet factory sawmill Bassum
Go-kart track in the industrial area of ​​Bassum

On the national road 51 and the motorway 1 are Bremen and Osnabrück and the Federal Highway 6 Hannover , as well as the connection to the A 7 and A 2 reached in the east and south. The industrial sites of Ostwestfalen-Lippes can be reached via federal highway 61 .

Bassum is located with the Bassum and Bramstedt stations on the railway line from Osnabrück to Bremen . The RS 2 (Bremerhaven-Lehe - Twistringen) stops at both stations; The RE 9 (Osnabrück - Bremerhaven-Lehe) runs at Bassum train station. The branch line towards Herford was closed. The Bremen airport 32 km away.


The approaches to Bremen Airport and Hamburg Airport begin at the BASUM Intersection in the airspace above Bassum . According to the nomenclature in navigation, defined locations are designated with five letters or numbers and are often based on names of the geographic area. When the weather is nice you can see the crossing contrails of the planes.


  • The Stelter gear factory is located in the Bassum district and has around 370 employees.
  • A pallet factory has been located in Bassum for 50 years and produces around five million wooden pallets a year.
  • The waste management company (AWG) of the district of Diepholz operates its disposal center in Bassum.

Economic development company

Bassum maintains the Bassumer Wirtschaftsförderungs- und Stadtentwicklungsgesellschaft (WISEG), which, in addition to building and operating a photovoltaic system on the roof of the town hall, also develops and sells building plots and is involved in the renovation and rental of the Bassum train station building.


In Bassum there is a hospital, the Center for Mental Health, the Bassum Specialist Clinic and many doctors' practices and nursing homes.

The hospital in Bassum is part of the Diepholz district clinics and comprises the following departments and centers:

  • Clinic for Surgery and Visceral Surgery (Chief Physician Hassan Abaei)
  • Clinic for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (Chief Physician Wolfgang A. Grzibiela)
  • Clinic for Internal Medicine, Acute Geriatrics and Geriatric Early Rehabilitation, Palliative Medicine (Chief Physician Siegfried Schulte)
  • Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology (Chief Physician George Micklefield)
  • Clinic for Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, Hand Surgery (Chief Physician Massud Mamarvar)
  • Attending Department Gynecology (attending physicians Judith Herholz, Gintare Kotke-Pakeltis and Annette Kröger)
  • ENT department (attending physician Faleh Zohbi)
  • Abdominal center
  • Bariatric Surgery Center
  • Outpatient surgery center
  • Medical care centre

The center for mental health in Bassum is also part of the Alexian district of Diepholz , the chief physicians are Gerd-Christian Kampen and Stefan Renner. The specialist clinic for psychiatry, psychosomatic medicine and psychotherapy comprises the following departments:

  • Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
  • Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy
  • Psychiatric outpatient department

The Bassum Specialist Clinic is a medical rehabilitation facility for addictions. The clinic is managed by chief physician Gunter Eichstädt.

Connected to the hospital there is the Health Center Bassum, a medical center with general practitioners and specialists and a pharmacy.

Bassum cemetery

Bassum cemetery
Aerial photo: Bassum hospital, right next to it the Bassum cemetery, right behind the Bassum collegiate church

The oldest part of the cemetery was opened on Eschenhauser Straße as early as 1850 . Initially, only the abbesses and canonesses found their final resting place here . There was also a crypt in this area until 1967. But since it was haunted again and again by burglars, it was filled with water. In earlier times, the Bassum pastors , teachers and a provost were also buried not far from the abbess graves. In earlier times, each village in Bassum had its own area in the old part of the cemetery (Bassum parish ).

Today the cemetery extends over an area of ​​around 5.2 hectares with around 3,500 grave sites. The funeral ceremonies were held in a half-timbered chapel that was destroyed by fire until 1971 . The current chapel was built in 1972 and offers seats for 180 mourners. In 2003 the parish renovated the extension of the chapel. It has a sun-drenched atrium , a meeting room for relatives, social rooms for employees, toilets and three modern laying out rooms.

At the Bassumer Friedhof, the main paths are lined with linden trees. Seen from the air, they result in the shape of a cross.

There are two grave fields for soldiers on the site . 26 soldiers who were killed by low-flying aircraft in Bassum in the last years of the war are buried in one field. 29 prisoners of war from the former Soviet Union , Romania, Hungary, Belgium and Spain are buried in the other field. They all died in captivity in May and June 1945 .

In the vicinity of the children's graves , which were laid out in the cemetery in 1915, is the grave field of the “star children ”. As part of a funeral service, an urn from stillborn children from the St. Ansgar Clinic Association (Bassum, Diepholz, Sulingen) is buried here several times a year .

Common grave fields for coffins and urns are located in the new part of the cemetery on the railway line. A ballot box burial ground is also being created here; it will later have the shape of a diamond .


In the Bassum district there is a sports hall at the Mittelstraße primary school and two sports halls on Petermoor, and there are also halls in the Bramstedt, Neubruchhausen and Nordwohlde districts. In the mornings, the sports halls are mostly used by schools and in the afternoons by clubs.

Civil protection

In Bassum volunteer fire brigades are active in the districts of Albringhausen, Apelstedt, Bassum, Bramstedt, Dimhausen, Eschenhausen, Hallstedt, Neubruchhausen, Nienstedt, Nordwohlde, Ringmar and Wedehorn. The local association Bassum of the technical relief organization consists of two rescue groups, a specialist group rooms and a youth group. In Bassum there is an ambulance and a standby of the German Red Cross as well as a local branch of the German Life Rescue Society .


Elementary education

The town of Bassum maintains the Haus der kleine Strolche crèche in the village of Bassum; there are also mixed groups in some kindergartens. In the next few years, cribs are to be built in the villages of Bramstedt, Nordwohlde and Neubruchhausen.

There are municipal kindergartens in the villages of Bassum ( KinderReich ), Neubruchhausen ( House of Little Feet ) and Bramstedt, and there are also municipal forest kindergartens in Dicken Braken (Helldiek) and Lindschlag (Eschenhausen). The mother and child center maintains kindergarten groups and the Evangelical Lutheran Church District runs a kindergarten in the village of Bassum ( Rentei ) and one in the village of Nordwohlde ( Noah's Ark ).

Primary and secondary education

In Bassum there are two primary schools in the village of Bassum and one each in Nordwohlde, Bramstedt and Neubruchhausen. In the school center Petermoor there is a high school with a grammar school branch. In Bassum there is the private PrinzHöfte school and the free Christian Lukas school . In Twistringen there is a grammar school and in Syke there is a vocational school with a vocational grammar school and also a grammar school.

Tertiary education

There are no tertiary education institutions in Bassum. The next university location is Bremen , the PHWT has a location in the district town of Diepholz .

Quaternary formation

The Volkshochschule of the district of Diepholz teaches in seminar rooms in the station building and in the seminar and conference house "Die Freudenburg" in Bassum.

Religious communities

  • Since 1541 the largest parish in Bassum has been the Protestant parish with the collegiate church in Bassum and the Trinity Church in Neubruchhausen (Syke-Hoya church district).
  • Evangelical parish in Nordwohlde (church district Syke-Hoya).
  • The Catholic St. Ansgar parish in Bassum belongs to the parish of St. Anna.
  • Station of the New Apostolic Church , in the Long Wall (part of Weyhe).
  • Evangeliums Christengemeinde Bremen, Bremer Strasse.
  • Jehovah's Witnesses , Kingdom Hall, Gutenbergstrasse
  • Free Christian community Bassum in Eschenhausen.
  • Former Jewish community in Bassum, Meierkampstrasse; until the end of the 1920s prayer room, often popularly referred to as a synagogue. Although the prayer room has not been used as such for a long time, an attempt was made to start a fire on November 9, 1938. Today there are no more Jewish activities.



Honorary citizen

sons and daughters of the town

Other personalities


  • Bassum. In: Georg Dehio : Handbook of German Art Monuments . Bremen Lower Saxony. Munich / Berlin 1992, pp. 197-199.
  • Jens Mastnak: Contributions to the history of Bassum . (= Publications of the City Archives Bassum. Volume 1). Diepholz / Bassum 2000.
  • Klaus Mencke: Bassum im Bild 1893–1973 . (= Publications of the Bassum City Archives. Volume 3). Erfurt 2002.
  • Helmuth Meyer, Henry Peters, Ilse Mindermann-Wawrzinek, Ursula Rohlfs, John Meyer, Heinz Rohlfs: parish Nordwohlde. Ed .: Working group “Chronik Kirchspiel Nordwohlde ”. Syke 1999.
  • Harald Focke , Helmut Behrens, Walter Brackland: Bassum in the fifties. Pictures from town and country. Bassum 1990.
  • Harald Focke, Helmut Behrens, Walter Brackland: Those were the days. Our everyday life in the fifties. Bassum 1992, ISBN 3-89728-003-5 .
  • Harald Focke, Helmut Behrens, Walter Brackland: With water and wind. Old mills in Bassum and the surrounding area. Bassum 1997, ISBN 3-89728-000-0 .
  • Heinz-Hermann Böttcher: The Jewish cemetery in Bassum - documentation. Self-published typescript printing. Syke 2003, OCLC 249569112 .
  • Marlis Buchholz, Miriam Lappin, Almuth Lessing: Bassum. In: Herbert Obenaus (Ed.) In collaboration with David Bankier and Daniel Fraenkel: Historical manual of the Jewish communities in Lower Saxony and Bremen . Volume 1, Göttingen 2005, ISBN 3-89244-753-5 , pp. 179-183.
  • Bernd Ulrich Hucker: Bassum Abbey. A 1100 year old women's community in history. Edition Temmen, Bremen 1995, ISBN 3-86108-276-4 .
  • Claudia Kollschen, Eike Sellmer: Bassum for children and adults who have remained curious. Bassum 2014.

Web links

Commons : Bassum  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Bassum  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  3. Cadastral area in Lower Saxony (territorial status: November 1, 2015). In: LSN-Online - regional database. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, accessed on November 7, 2014 .
  4. ^ Barrow burial ground Stühren near Ströhen. In: Fascination Archeology. Zweckverband Naturpark Wildeshauser Geest, accessed on May 3, 2014 .
  5. a b c The development of the city of Bassum. City of Bassum, accessed May 3, 2014 .
  6. The history of Bassum Abbey. Bassum Abbey, accessed on May 3, 2014 .
  7. ^ Mizler: New collection of geographical-historical-statistical writings . 5th volume. Johann Georg Friedrich Jakobi, Weißenburg im Nordgau 1786, p. 182 f . ( Google Books [accessed December 20, 2014]).
  8. ^ Gerhard Köbler : Historical Lexicon of the German Lands . the German territories from the Middle Ages to the present. 7th edition. C. H. Beck, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-406-54986-1 , p. 303 ( Google Books [accessed December 20, 2014]).
  9. CHCF Jansen: Statistical Handbook of the Kingdom of Hanover . Commission of the Helwings̓chen Hofbuchhandlung, Hanover 1824, p. 21st ff . ( Google Books [accessed December 20, 2014]).
  10. History. The Freudenburg. Culture and local history association Bassum e. V., accessed on May 3, 2014 .
  11. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 191 .
  12. LSKN-Online. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  13. ^ Bassum city council. City of Bassum, accessed April 11, 2014 .
  14. Town council election of Bassum 2016. (No longer available online.) Town of Bassum, archived from the original on September 16, 2016 ; accessed on September 13, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  15. Results of the city council election 2016. (No longer available online.), archived from the original on September 16, 2016 ; accessed on September 13, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  16. Frank Jaursch: Almost 700 votes ahead for Porsch. Marx is defeated in the mayor runoff election in Bassum. (No longer available online.) Kreiszeitung , June 15, 2014, archived from the original on November 8, 2014 ; Retrieved November 8, 2014 .
  17. Maik Hanke: Team captain Porsch takes the oath. First council meeting with the new mayor / Bärbel Ehrich deputy / Wilhelm Bäker officially adopted. (No longer available online.) Kreiszeitung , November 6, 2014, archived from the original on November 8, 2014 ; Retrieved November 8, 2014 .
  18. Frauke Albrecht: Three representatives for Porsch. Constituent council meeting. (No longer available online.) Kreiszeitung , November 3, 2016, archived from the original on November 4, 2016 ; Retrieved November 5, 2016 .
  19. ^ Website of the Fresnay-sur-Sarthe Partnership Committee with a photo of the partnership certificate.Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  20. Press article about the signing of the partnership document. Accessed April 10, 2014.
  21. town twinning
  22. The history of Bassum Abbey. Bassum Abbey, accessed on October 31, 2014 .
  23. Bassum Abbey. A 1100 year old women's community in history. With contributions by Barbara von Wallenberg Pachaly. Edition Temmen, Bremen 1995, ISBN 3-86108-276-4 .
  24. Presentation of the StiftsPark project on the website of the Agenda21 group Bassum. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  25. website of Bassumer Utkieks. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  26. ^ Website of the zoo
  27. Petermoor Bassum Zoo at
  28. The Petermoor Zoo on
  29. ^ Event organized by the Bassum Region Economic and Interest Group. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  30. Website of the regional fair "AktiBa"
  31. Internet site of the "De Bovelzumft" medieval association
  32. ↑ District newspaper Bassum
  33. Self-presentation of the Stelter gear factory. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  34. ^ Website of the Bassum pallet factory. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  35. a b Anke Seidel: Hitler Bassumer honorary citizen. Nadermann: "Legally long gone" / Schmidt: "Politically never canceled". (No longer available online.) Kreiszeitung , August 13, 2014, archived from the original on November 8, 2014 ; Retrieved November 8, 2014 .
  36. Excerpt - the withdrawal of Adolf Hitler's honorary citizenship in Bassum. In: Minutes of the Council of the City of Bassum. City of Bassum, accessed November 8, 2014 .
  37. Withdrawal of honorary citizenship. (No longer available online.) The SPD in Bassum, September 10, 2014, archived from the original on November 8, 2014 ; Retrieved November 8, 2014 .
  38. ^ Helmut Zimmermann : Dieselstrasse , in the same: The street names of the state capital Hanover. Verlag Hahnsche Buchhandlung, Hannover 1992, ISBN 3-7752-6120-6 , p. 60
  39. ^ Richardis II. Von Stade werk = http: // Retrieved February 12, 2015 .
  41. Göttinger Tageblatt: Neele Eckhardt flies to the German championship title. Accessed on February 11, 2015.