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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Barnstorf
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Barnstorf highlighted

Coordinates: 52 ° 43 '  N , 8 ° 31'  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Diepholz
Joint municipality : Barnstorf
Height : 29 m above sea level NHN
Area : 52.29 km 2
Residents: 6465 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 124 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 49406, 49457
Area code : 05442
License plate : DH, SY
Community key : 03 2 51 005
Association administration address: Am Markt 4
49406 Barnstorf
Website :
Mayoress : Elke Oelmann ( Greens )
Location of the municipality of Barnstorf in the district of Diepholz
Landkreis Diepholz Niedersachsen Nordrhein-Westfalen Nordrhein-Westfalen Landkreis Osnabrück Landkreis Nienburg/Weser Bremen Delmenhorst Landkreis Verden Landkreis Vechta Landkreis Oldenburg Landkreis Cloppenburg Stemshorn Lemförde Quernheim Brockum Marl Quernheim Hüde Lembruch Dümmer Diepholz Drebber Barnstorf Wetschen Dickel Rehden Hemsloh Barver Freistatt Wehrbleck Bahrenborstel Varrel Kirchdorf Wagenfeld Barenburg Barenburg Eydelstedt Sulingen Drentwede Scholen Ehrenburg Neuenkirchen Maasen Borstel Siedenburg Mellinghausen Staffhorst Schwaförden Asendorf Affinghausen Sudwalde Schwarme Martfeld Bruchhausen-Vilsen Twistringen Bassum Syke Weyhe Stuhrmap
About this picture

Barnstorf ( Low German : Baarnstrup ) is a market town and the administrative seat in the municipality of the same name in the Diepholz district in Lower Saxony .


Geographical location

Barnstorf is located between the Dümmer Nature Park and the Wildeshauser Geest Nature Park , roughly in the middle of Bremen and Osnabrück . To the west of the village is the Great Moor . The Hunte flows through the village.

Community structure

The area of ​​Barnstorf is divided into Aldorf, Dreeke / Mäkel and Rechtern. The localities Drebber , Eydelstedt and Drentwede with a total of 12,047 inhabitants belong to the political integrated municipality of Barnstorf (as of December 31, 2018).

Precipitation diagram


There is a moderate maritime climate, influenced by humid north-westerly winds from the North Sea. On a long-term average, the air temperature in Barnstorf reaches 8.5–9.0 ° C and around 700 mm of precipitation falls. Between May and August, an average of 20-25 summer days (climatological term for days on which the maximum temperature exceeds 25 ° C) can be expected.


Archaeological finds show that the area around Barnstorf has been inhabited since the Neolithic Age. The passage grave of Düsten was moved here. After Charlemagne built nine mission districts from 780 AD to Christianize the conquered Saxons , Abbot Gerbert Castus founded the first parishes in the area from the Visbek mission cell . These counted in Lerigau the parish Barnstorf.

Barnstorf was first mentioned in documents in 890. Because of the border neighborhood between the dioceses of Osnabrück and Münster , the place was the scene of the feuds several times. Barnstorf was part of the County of Diepholz from the 15th century , but later came to the Dukes of Braunschweig . Barnstorf received the land rights from the Counts of Diepholz around 1550. After the Diepholz line of the counts died out in 1585, the rights to the land were confirmed in 1592 by Duke Ernst von Braunschweig-Lüneburg.

After the French occupation, the village and the surrounding hamlets came to the Kingdom of Hanover . The village was connected to the Bremen - Osnabrück railway line in 1872 . In 1952 the first oil and natural gas wells were carried out by Wintershall AG . In 1964, the stationed army here, the air defense missile battalion 25 that was pulled off of 2005. Barnstorf has been the seat of the integrated community of Barnstorf since 1974.


On March 1, 1974, the communities Aldorf, Dreeke and Rechtern were incorporated.


Local council / stain council

The Barnstorf Community Council consists of 19 councilors. This is the specified number for the member municipality of an integrated municipality with a population between 6,000 and 7,000 inhabitants. The nineteen council members are elected by local elections for five years each. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.

The last local election on September 11, 2016 resulted in the following:

Political party Proportional votes Number of seats
CDU 23.70% 5
SPD 26.71% 5
WGB 16.18% 3
Alliance 90 / The Greens 17.48% 3
FDP 14.72% 3
Fuhs single applicant 1.18% 0

The turnout in the 2016 local elections was 51.99%, below the Lower Saxony average of 55.5%.


The council elected council member Elke Oelmann (Greens) as honorary mayor for the current electoral term.

previous office holder:
  • 1882-1903: W. Plümer
  • 1903 - 1916: F. Plümer
  • 1916-1919: A. Strahmann
  • 1919-1922: O. Cuckoo
  • 1922 - 1934: H. Gröne
  • 1936 - 1945: L. Wetenkamp
  • 1945 - 1946: H. Gröne
  • 1946 - 1952: M. Stockinger
  • 1953 L. Wetenkamp
  • 1954 - 1968: M. Stockinger
  • 1968 - 1994: Rudolf Dunger (FDP)
  • 1994 - 1996: Erika Meyer (FDP)
  • 1996 - 2001: Brigitte Dierker (SPD)
  • 2001 - 2011: Peter Luther (CDU)
  • since 2011: Elke Oelmann (Greens)

coat of arms

Barnstorf coat of arms
Blazon : "On a red background a blue crowned and armored golden lion holding a silver cross in the front paws."
Justification of the coat of arms: The silver cross is dedicated to the church, the blue claws, crown and blue tongue stand for the Hunte.

Culture, sights, events

St. Veit Church in Barnstorf
  • The Evangelical Lutheran St. Vitus Church is a late Romanesque hall church made of brick .
  • One of the oldest houses in Barnstorf is at Kirchstrasse 14 - the Keunecke house from 1784.
  • The Catholic Church of St. Barbara and Hedwig is located on the Am Rosengarten street .
  • The tombstones in the old cemetery are from the 18th and 19th centuries. Century.
  • The Jewish cemetery in Barnstorf is a cultural monument . It is one of eight well-preserved Jewish cemeteries in the Diepholz district. In the cemetery on the street Am Rosengarten there are twelve gravestones from the years 1876 to 1936 for the Jewish deceased.
  • In the immediate vicinity of the Jewish cemetery and the Catholic Church is the Meyer-Köster-Haus, a former farm that has been converted into a local museum and event location. There are numerous historical agricultural buildings from the region on the property.
  • The passage grave of Düsten was removed soon after its excavation and rebuilt true to the original in the local recreation area northwest of Barnstorf.
  • The Barnstorf balloon driver festival takes place every two years in summer as a trip to the Lower Saxony Cup.
  • Every year on the second weekend in April, the Barnstorfer Spring Awakening takes place with an amusement market, Sunday shopping and the garden days in the Barnstorfer Umwelt-Erlebnis-Zentrum (BUEZ).
  • The Huntezauber takes place every two years, alternating with the Barnstorf balloonist festival.
  • There are numerous interesting properties in the local area. A local entrepreneur has built numerous residential and commercial buildings in the form of castles of different styles since the early 1990s.
  • There are seven stumbling blocks by the artist Gunter Demnig from 2009 and 2010. See also the list of stumbling blocks in Barnstorf

Economy and Infrastructure


Tourism In 2007 a report commissioned by the municipality of Barnstorf was published, which deals with water tourism on the Hunte between the Dümmer and the town of Wildeshausen . Canoe insertion points were then created at the weirs.

Jan-Spieker-Bahn at the BUEZ stop

Barnstorf is the station of the supra-regional bridge cycle path (Osnabrück <-> Bremen). Barnstorf is also the starting point of the Petroleum Route circular route, which leads over 32 kilometers through the municipality of Barnstorf and presents different facets of oil and gas production at several stations. For cycling tourism, a section of the puzzle tour is also shown in each member municipality, which can also be combined with one another.

Between the Barnstorfer Umwelt-Erlebnis-Zentrum (BUEZ) and the Nature Conservation and Information Center (NIZ) in Goldenstedt , the Jan Spieker tram runs regularly in the warm season .

Established businesses

Bröring company
  • Wintershall (crude oil and natural gas producer)
  • LR Facility Services (craft and building services company)
  • Bröring (feed production and agricultural trade)
  • BTB Baustoffe-Transporte GmbH (international shipping company)
  • Lubing (mechanical engineering with a focus on agricultural industry)
  • Protec Kunststoff-Produktionstechnik GmbH



  • The federal highway 51 , which leads from Bremen via Bassum and Diepholz to Osnabrück , runs through the center of Barnstorf. The planning approval procedure for the construction of a bypass road was discontinued in summer 2010 for reasons of urban planning law. The planning continues, but a new route has not yet been determined. A sports hall and two residential areas have now been built on the old route.
  • The distance to the next motorway exit on the A 1 (Bremen - Osnabrück) is 32 km via the B 51 and B 214 .


Barnstorf (Han) ⊙ station is on the Wanne-Eickel – Hamburg railway line , which opened on May 15, 1873. The reception building , which still exists today, was inaugurated in 1872. The redesign of the train station and square is considered to be an example of the upgrading of smaller train stations through communal or private involvement. In 2011, he had fewer than a thousand entries and exits per day. Today the regional express RE 9 ( Osnabrück - Bremen - Bremerhaven ) runs here . The addition (Han) in the station name refers to the fact that the place belonged to the Kingdom of Hanover , which existed from 1814 to 1866.


Barnstorf is served Monday to Friday outside of school hours by bus line 125 from and to Diepholz and Twistringen by DH bus.


  • Barnstorf primary school
  • Christian Hülsmeyer School - high school with a high school branch


  • Day care center Die kleine Strolche , private parents' initiative
  • DRK Kindergarten Villa Kunterbunt
  • DRK Kindergarten Holzwurm
  • Barnstorf Youth Center in Kirchstrasse
  • Youth care community Barnstorf
  • Multi-generation house


There are numerous sports clubs in Barnstorf:

Sons and daughters of the church


Web links

Commons : Barnstorf  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. Michael Bönte: Abbot Gerbert Castus - A missionary from the second row. Church site ((former) online newspaper of the Münster diocese). October 29, 2004 ( Memento of May 3, 2015 in the Internet Archive ). Retrieved from the web archive on October 3, 2017.
  3. ^ Samtgemeinde Barnstorf - history. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on June 26, 2015 ; accessed on March 26, 2018 (English). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. ^ Oldenburg official district . Retrieved October 14, 2013.
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 189 .
  6. ^ Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on February 20, 2017.
  7. a b Barnstorf community - result of the 2016 local council election , accessed on February 20, 2017
  8. The CDU gets the most votes nationwide. September 12, 2016. Retrieved February 20, 2017 .
  9. ^ Rat des Flecken Barnstorf , accessed on February 20, 2017
  10. Samtgemeinde Barnstorf - picture gallery. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on March 16, 2018 ; accessed on March 16, 2018 (English). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  11. main statute
  12. Preserver and protector of a “living” monument . In: . August 25, 2014 ( [accessed on March 16, 2018]).
  13. Welcome. Retrieved March 16, 2018 .
  14. Communicative urban and regional development: Water tourism Hunte - action program - . 2007 ( Memento of the original from May 12, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 4.0 MB)  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  15. Emlichheim oil route On the trail of oil by bike , at, accessed on August 4, 2018
  16. Puzzle tour ( Memento of the original from March 16, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , at, accessed on August 4, 2018 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  17. Information from the Barnstorf community about Jan Spieker ( memento of the original from January 9, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  18. Wintershall exploration and production at the Barnstorf site. Wintershall , accessed on September 9, 2012 .
  19. Lower Saxony State Authority for Road Construction and Transport: New construction of the Barnstorf bypass in the course of the federal highway 51
  20. ^ New construction of the Barnstorf bypass in the course of the federal highway 51 | Nds. State authority for road construction and traffic. Retrieved on March 16, 2018 (German).
  21. Barnstorf (Han) on
  23. The Barnstorfer Bahnhof - a piece of Eydelstedt  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on 2Template: Toter Link /  
  24. Local transport plan 2013–2017 (PDF; 15.2 MB), Zweckverband Verkehrsverbund Bremen / Lower Saxony , 2012. S. A-15.
  25. Barnstorf station a model for bohemians? . In: New Osnabrück Newspaper . June 29, 2011.