|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||47 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||110.69 km 2|
|Residents:||12,778 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||115 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||27232|
|Area code :||04271|
|License plate :||DH, SY|
|Community key :||03 2 51 040|
|LOCODE :||DE SUN|
|City structure:||6 districts|
City administration address :
|Galtener Strasse 12
|Mayor :||Dirk Rauschkolb (independent)|
|Location of the city of Sulingen in the Diepholz district|
Sulingen consists of the following districts (population figures in brackets)
- Core city Sulingen (9273)
- Klein Lessen (565)
- Gross Lessen (637)
- Perplexed (536)
- North Sulingen (1336)
- Relieve (545)
Neighboring communities of the city of Sulingen are in the north-west and north the combined community of Barnstorf and the combined community of Schwaförden , in the east the combined community of Siedenburg , in the south-east of the spots Steyerberg and in the south and south-west the combined community of Kirchdorf .
Rivers and streams
From the older Bronze Age around 2000–800 BC A handle-tongue sword found in Nechtelsen in 1899 comes from the 4th century BC. A dugout canoe, found in 1952 in the Sule near Nordsulingen, dates from between 400 and 300 BC. Chr.
On May 30, 1029, the Sulingen settlement was first mentioned in a document. In this first document a castle-free upper court of the diocese of Minden in Sulingen was mentioned. The episcopal Oberhof fell to the county of Hoya at the end of the Middle Ages . Around the Oberhof formed in the late 15th century, the spots Sulingen. Presumably because there was no castle in Sulingen, the place was neither the seat of a bailiwick nor an office for a long time , but belonged to the Ehrenburg office , but was the most important place within this office.
In the years 1347 and 1349 Sulingen was ravaged by the plague . Only 27 families are said to have survived.
Sulingen was from 1300 to 1527 district of the archdeaconate . The archdeacons (from 1381 the Minden cathedral provosts) exercised ecclesiastical jurisdiction. With the Reformation the diocese of Minden with the diocesan part of Sulingen became Evangelical-Lutheran by the Minden prince-bishop Hermann von Schaumburg . Now a Protestant superintendent was responsible for Sulingen.
The first school was built in Sulingen at the beginning of the 17th century. Black plague, looting, pillage and billeting shaped the time in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648).
At the beginning of the 18th century the superintendent, the cantor house, the council cellar and the house of J. Dencker burned down. On September 12, 1719, another major fire led to the almost complete destruction of the place. The church registers preserved today do not begin until 1719, supplemented by the so-called soul register (“referendum” by the pastor according to the names and dates of the residents).
The engineer-lieutenant Eden, who drew the city maps before and after the fire, was commissioned with the reconstruction. In the 18th century the place had five scythe smiths and new guilds were formed. In 1779 the Lüning grain distillery was established. In 1791 Chr. Friedrich Lüning received the post office certificate for the route Hanover-Nienburg-Sulingen-Diepholz-Osnabrück. At least 16 horses had to be entertained in the relay station. Lüning's property was designated as a manor after the purchase of the property opposite. On June 3, 1803, the Sulingen Convention was initialed, the ratification of which was subsequently refused by Napoleon, so that the surrender of Kurhannovers was only completed by the Artlenburg Convention on July 5, 1803.
In 1852 the royal Hanoverian office of Sulingen was formed with a district court . After the annexation of the Kingdom of Hanover by Prussia in 1866, the Sulingen district was established in 1885 . The first savings bank was opened and two public parks were created. Sulingen received a telegraph station, the first hospital and the power station on Südstrasse. The adult education center at Mühlenhof and a commercial vocational school were built.
The Rahden-Sulingen railway line was opened on September 29, 1900. In 1901 the line Sulingen - Bassum followed with a connection to Bremen . The place developed into an outlying train station. In 1904 the Sulinger Nachrichten came out. Electric street lighting began in 1911. Since 1925 there was a middle school in Sulingen. In 1927 the district hospital on Schmelingstrasse with 42 beds was put into operation.
As a result of the merger with the then Grafschaft Diepholz district, Sulingen had to give up the district seat for the Sulingen district to Diepholz in 1932 .
In 1929, 900 years after it was first mentioned, Sulingen was granted town charter . From 1923 to 1997, Sulingen was a railway crossing point thanks to another railway line that led from Nienburg to Diepholz . The last passenger train left Sulingen in 1994.
On March 1, 1974, the communities Groß Lessen, Klein Lessen, Lindern, Nordsulingen and Rathlosen were incorporated.
The 27 seats of the city council are distributed as follows:
- Mayor 1 seat
- SPD 8 seats
- CDU 9 seats
- FW 4 seats
- Green 2 seats
- FDP 1 seat
- Citizen 1 seat
- PARTY 1 seat
(Status: local election on September 11, 2016)
Dirk Rauschkolb has been the mayor of Sulingen since November 29, 2013. He won the mayoral election on October 6, 2013 with 58.1% against his competitor. The turnout was 46.9%.
- Previous mayor of the city
- 1818: Johann Otto Meyer
- ~ 1852: diapers
- 2001–2013: Harald Knoop (independent)
coat of arms
Today's coat of arms goes back to Sulingen's coat of arms seal from 1581, in which an upward-pointing bear paw and a Latin "S" stand next to each other. The coat of arms has a wall crown . Today's coat of arms differs from the earlier one only in that it has been heraldically corrected and its composition is precisely defined.
The exact meaning of the coat of arms is not known. It is assumed that the coat of arms carried by the city of Sulingen with the heraldic bear paw facing outwards and the broken letter "S" is only a local coat of arms, which indicates the former jurisdiction of the Counts of Hoya , who turned two away in their coat of arms Bear claws lead.
The logo of the city of Sulingen consists of a yellow and a red semicircle. In the yellow semicircle the outward facing bear claw of the city coat of arms is indicated.
Culture and sights
- Protestant church St. Nikolai, Gothic hall church with brick facade from the 13th century, redesigned in a neo-Gothic style in 1875
- The community center is the direct neighbor of the old mayor's office. This half-timbered house once housed the superintendent. During the great fire in 1719 it burned down completely and was the first building to be rebuilt in the same place in 1721. In the 1980s it was completely restored and converted by the city into a town house with a hall, meeting rooms and an integrated restaurant. Cultural events from children's theater to cabaret to chamber concerts take place in the rooms. The city archive is also housed here. During the restoration work in the 1980s, a well was uncovered next to a grave slab from 1633, which is now in the entrance area of the community center. This sandstone fountain can be seen on the western side at the side entrance. Since 2017, the community center has housed a café with a range of restaurants from the Delme workshops.
- The "old mayor's office" at the so-called church crossing is one of the oldest half-timbered houses in Sulingen. Since 2004, the carefully renovated building has been the headquarters of the tourist information office, the office of the cultural association and the location for numerous cultural events (music, cabaret), meetings, conferences and civil weddings.
- There are two watermills in the Sulingen urban area . The mill on Meierdamm next to the Göpelhaus was built in 1682 as part of the Meierhof. Lünings Gutsmühle was also built in the 17th century. It was carefully restored in 2000. There was also a third watermill outside Sulingen until the 1950s, but nothing of it has survived except for the property of the former miller.
- The Labbus windmill, built in 1851 as a gallery Dutchman, is located on the eastern edge of the city in the district of Labbus . The mill was still in commercial operation until 1987. The mill technology is completely available and largely operational. The mill has been available for civil weddings since 2010. The former sack warehouse was converted into an event room. In 2012 and 2013, the mill wings and the cap had to be removed for safety reasons and in consultation with the monument protection authorities. As part of the restoration by the Mühlenverein Labbus e. V. the cap, wings and gallery will be renewed so that the wind-powered windmill can be operated again. The Labbus mill can be visited on request.
The Museum am Stadtsee is located north of the landscape and recreational lake “Stadtsee” and southwest of the Sulingen town center on the corner of Kurz Heide and Bachholzer Riede. The museum is supported by the Sulingen Heimatverein. A permanent exhibition is presented by a kitchen, a bedroom from 1924, a living room, a typesetting with a printer and a shoemaker's workshop . There are also changing exhibitions with main themes.
The city archive is the administrative archive of the city of Sulingen. It is, so to speak, the “memory” in which the historical files (the archival material ) of the city of Sulingen are properly archived - collected, sorted and organized - and made available for viewing by users. For example, files, maps , documents , bequests and old editions of the regional newspapers are available for researching pupils, students, scientists and authors in the city archive . These unique items - this cultural asset - are housed in the community center, Lange Str. 67.
The Jewish cemetery in Sulingen is a cultural monument . It is one of eight well-preserved Jewish cemeteries in the Diepholz district. There are 30 gravestones from the years 1844 to 1934 for the Jewish deceased in the cemetery on Memelstrasse .
Art in public space
Scattered are very different sculptures and objects by artists from the region:
- Terracotta theater masks by Heidrun Kohnert in / at the Stadttheater an der Schmelingstraße (1992)
- Steel-plastic human by Werner Sünkenberg in the sports park on Werner-Kling-Strasse (1992)
- Sculpture Millstone by Thomas Schönauer in front of the Volksbank Sulingen (2006)
- The sculptures come from Robert Enders :
- Admonishing hands , a memorial against the war made of natural stone in Mühlenhofpark (1964)
- Life and powers , metal sculpture on the grounds of the Lebenshilfe workshops in North Sulingen (1985)
- Stainless steel and natural stone village fountain at the town hall (1988)
- The bronze scythe smith in downtown Sulingen (1991)
- The newspaper reader , bronze fountain near the newspaper building on Lindenstrasse (1993)
- Bronze frog fountain in Lange Strasse (1973)
- Europe and the nine bronze muses on the grounds of the grammar school / city theater on Schmelingstrasse (2000)
- Well made of concrete and natural stone in the Nechtelsen district on the grounds of the Sulinger Land water supply (1982)
Cinema in the town center (“Filmpalast Sulingen”) with three halls.
- ResoFest Sulingen, Germany's largest festival for resophonic instruments, especially the resonator guitar , has been held annually since 1999 with international participation.
- The Reload Festival has been held annually in Sulingen since 2011 .
- The " Bullenschluck " is a 43% semi-bitter
- The "Ützentrunk" a similar drink
- The "Sulinger Bitter-Wurzen" is a bitter stomach
- The "Bültze" is a cucumber soup , mostly with grain is administered
Economy and Transport
Sulingen is the headquarters of Volksbank eG, Sulingen . The largest employer is the shoe manufacturer Lloyd with currently around 550 employees, but in July 2020 the cessation of shoe production at the Sulingen location as well as a reduction in administrative staff were announced.
A large number of local companies have joined forces in the Initiative Sulingen association in order to coordinate specific projects and advertising measures.
The Informa Sulingen trade fair takes place regularly in Sulingen . More than 130 exhibitors from the region will be presenting themselves for the 10th time in 2010 on approx. 14,500 m² of indoor and outdoor space. The fair is visited by around 20,000 visitors on a total of three days.
Sulingen was awarded the Eurosolar German Solar Prize in Saarbrücken in November 1997 for its extensive initiatives .
- Sulinger district newspaper
- The weekly mail
- The Sunday tip
Since the bypasses were released in 1991 and 1993, federal highway 214 has been running south of the center of Sulingen and connects the district town of Diepholz to the west with Nienburg (Weser) to the east. The federal highway 61 also creates a bypass connection to the north to Bremen and to the south to Minden .
There are the following bus routes from Sulingen:
- 123 Sulingen - Schwaförden - Bassum (connection to Bremen)
- 133 Sulingen - Kirchdorf - Wagenfeld - Rahden
- 137 Sulingen - Varrel - Rehden - Diepholz
- 138 Sulingen - Siedenburg - Borstel - Nienburg / Weser (connection to Hanover)
- 158 Sulingen - Ehrenburg - Twistringen
The tariff of the Bremen / Lower Saxony transport association applies on the bus routes . There are also many school buses that go to Sulingen.
From December 15, 2019, bus routes 123 and 138 will operate as state bus routes .
Today Sulingen is only connected to goods traffic. There is a rail connection to the route used by ExxonMobil sulfur and oil tankers via Sulingen, where the direction has to be changed, to Barenburg . There were plans to connect this branch of the line from Diepholz to Sulingen to the south-west via a connecting curve ( south loop ) with the one going south to the Exxon-Mobil company in Barenburg on the Bassum-Herford railway line north of Rahden, which was otherwise largely dismantled , in order to change the direction of travel avoid. The extensive, former station and track area is to be built on. A decision has not yet been made on the construction of the Südschleife. In the meantime, a report by the German Aerospace Center commissioned by the Lower Saxony Ministry of Economics recommends maintaining the route as an alternative route for freight traffic with the seaports. On the other hand, the chances of this are estimated to be rather low.
History of the Sulingen Cross
Sulingen used to be reached from four directions. The railway connection from Bremen to Bielefeld ran from north to south via the Sulinger Kreuz . Continuous hedge cable trains ran on this route from Cuxhaven , Bremerhaven or Wilhelmshaven to Frankfurt am Main , Paderborn or Hamm . Passenger traffic on the Bassum - Rahden railway , which was part of the aforementioned Bremen-Bielefeld connection, was discontinued in 1994, and freight traffic followed in 1997. Sulingen was also on the Diepholz - Nienburg railway from west to east . Passenger traffic was stopped here in 1966 on the western and in 1969 on the eastern section, and goods traffic to Nienburg in 1997.
- town hall
- Town house with city archive
- District court Sulingen
- Police station Sulingen
- Employment Agency
- The Sulingen voluntary fire brigade with its local fire brigades Groß Lessen, Klein Lessen, Lindern, Nordsulingen, Sulingen and Rathlosen provides fire protection and general help.
- technical aid organization
- Operating office of the NLWKN
- Sulingen primary school
- Oberschule Sulingen (from summer 2012) with
- Hauptschule (called Edenschule)
- Realschule (Carl-Prüter-Schule)
- Sulingen high school
- Linden School Sulingen
- Vocational Training Center Sulingen (Vocational Training Center Dr. Jürgen Ulderup)
- several kindergartens or children's homes
- German Red Cross, local associations Sulingen, Groß Lessen, Klein Lessen, city
- the Sulingen youth center, Galtener Strasse
- the elderly care of the Diakonie Freistatt
- the senior citizens' country house Barrien / Sulingen
- the Seniorenhaus am Park is a senior pension and a nursing home.
- the house on the Suletal is a diaconal retirement home.
Sulingen is a hospital location. The clinic is part of the Diepholz district clinic network . As an accident clinic, it was given a helipad.
- Evangelical Lutheran parish with the parishes North, East and South in Barenburg
- Evangelical Free Church Congregation ( Baptists )
- Catholic parish of St. Marien
- Jehovah's Witnesses, Sulingen Congregation
- New Apostolic Church
- Municipal sports park
- Leisure pool, indoor pool
- Sports fields in Groß Lessen, Nordsulingen and Rathlosen
- Tennis courts in the city park
- Sports and gymnastics halls: Amselweg, Am Deepenpool, Schmelingstraße, Edensporthalle, Am Mühlenhof and in Groß Lessen
- Shooting range on Breslauer Strasse
- Rifle club from 1848
- Gymnastics and sports club Sulingen from 1880
- Rifle Society from 1896
- Sulingen football club from 1947
- Sports club Lessen from 1947
- DRK readiness Sulingen, water rescue service
- Tennis club "Yellow-White" Sulingen from 1962
- Sportfreunde Rathlosen from 1967
- Anglersportverein Sulingen from 1948
- Chess friends Sulingen from 1950
- Motor-Sport-Gemeinschaft Sulinger Land from 1960 in the ADAC
- Bowling club Sulingen and surroundings from 1967
- Riding and Driving Club Maasen-Sulingen u. Surroundings from 1969
- Sulingen riding club from 1975
- Coldewey riding and driving club from 2000
- Sulingen Kneipp Association from 1953
- Sound of Sulingen e. V. (marching band), former marching band Sulingen
Honorary citizen of the city
- Karl August Friedrich Mehliß (1825–1904), State Economics Councilor from Rehburg
- Friedrich 'Fritz' Korte (1854–1925), teacher, councilor and war mayor in Sulingen
sons and daughters of the town
- Valerius Dencker (1542–1589), Lutheran pastor in Sulingen (1570–1589), superintendent since 1588
- Rudolf Eickhoff (1902–1983), politician (DP, CDU), Member of the Bundestag, Member of the Bundestag, Mayor of Sulingen
- Erich Plenge (1910–1999), author and newspaper publisher
- Karl Gieseking (1915–1994), master miller, 15 years mayor, member of the district council
- Ruth Bunkenburg (1922–2015), actress, author of short stories and Low German radio plays
- Robert Enders (1928–2003), art educator and artist, whose life-size sculptures enrich the Sulingen cityscape
- K. Wilhelm Köster (* 1934), international sports organizer and sports historian
- Horst Wachendorf (* 1935), geologist and university professor
- Helmut Hoermann (* 1941), international hotel manager
- Peter Schroer (* 1943), senior district director of the Peine district
- Günter Schlüterbusch (1943–2004), member of the state parliament and mayor of Sulingen
- Liesel Westermann (* 1944), track and field athlete, Olympic participant (silver) and former world record holder in discus, world athlete 1969
- Walter Momper (* 1945), politician (SPD), Governing Mayor of Berlin
- Manfred glasses (* 1949), medieval archaeologist and historian
- Bernd Wehrenberg (* 1949), national volleyball player
- Gerd Nagel (* 1957), athlete (high jump) and Olympic participant
- Ronald-Mike Neumeyer (* 1961), politician (CDU)
- Heike Sudmann (* 1962), politician (DIE LINKE)
- Martin Hermann (* 1964), filmmaker
- Fritz Fenne (* 1973), actor and radio play speaker
- Mely Kiyak (* 1976), writer and journalist
- Torben Kuhlmann (* 1982), communication designer, illustrator and picture book author
- Jan Rosenthal (* 1986), football player
- Özkan Yildirim (* 1993), German-Turkish soccer player
People who worked in this city
- Diederich Wedemeier, first Lutheran pastor in Sulingen since 1529
- Heinrich Ernst Owen (1685–1758), German Lutheran theologian, general superintendent
- Diederich Logemann (1872–1959), German farmer and member of the Prussian Landtag and the Reichstag
- Kurt Pfaffenberg (1888–1971), teacher, palynologist , active f. d. Prussia. State Office u. d. Lower Saxony. State Office f. Soil research
- Detlev Pape (1909–1986), teacher, city archivist, local history researcher
- Günter von Nordenskjöld (1910–1997), agricultural scientist and former member of the Bundestag
- Gordon M. Gollob (1912–1987), highly decorated fighter pilot in World War II, development engineer
- Knut Teske (* 1942), b. in Lüneburg, German journalist and author, nephew of Günter von Nordenskjöld
- Michael Schulz (* 1961), b. in Harlingen / Krs.Lüchow-Dannenberg, former national soccer player, vice-European champion
- Magistrate Sulingen (Ed.): 900 years of Sulingen. Sulingen's Past and Present by Heinrich Constabel. Verl. D. Magistrate, Sulingen 1929.
- Erich Plenge (Ed.): Chronicle of City and Country Sulingen (Volume 1–4), Sulingen 1979/1982/1984/1985, each 240–256 pp.
- Sulingen. In: Georg Dehio : Handbook of German Art Monuments . Bremen / Lower Saxony. Munich / Berlin 1992, p. 1265 f.
- Harald Focke , Roderich Heldt: Sulingen in the fifties. A picture walk. Bassum 1997.
- Matthias Wendland (Ed.): Sulingen. History and stories. 2004 (editorial processing: K. Wilhelm Köster)
- K. Wilhelm Köster , Nora Plate (ed.): Twüschen Ützen un Piedelpoggen. Sulingen 2004, written down by Wilfried Plate (1920–2003)
- Andrea Baumert, Nancy Kratochwill-Gertich: Sulingen. In: Herbert Obenaus (Ed. In collaboration with David Bankier and Daniel Fraenkel): Historical manual of the Jewish communities in Lower Saxony and Bremen . Volume 1 and 2 (1668 pp.), Göttingen 2005, pages 1456-1463.
- Heimatverein Sulingen (ed.): Chronicles of Sulingen companies, offices and other public institutions. 2011
- City of Sulingen (Ed.): Sulingen. History and people. 2012 (Chronicle text and editorial editing: K. Wilhelm Köster)
- K. Wilhelm Köster: 150 years of sport in Sulingen. 2014.
- Official website of the city
- Page on the history of the Sulingen Cross
- Sulingen in the Diepholz picture gallery
- Action alliance railway Bünde-Bassum
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 189 .
- Sulingen city archives on the website of the city of Sulingen
- Stadtarchiv Sulingen ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. in the ANKA manual
- Bullenschluck Manufaktur e K. Lange Straße 60 27232 Sulingen: Bullenschluck herbal liqueur. Retrieved October 23, 2019 .
- Lloyd provides Made in Germany with a report from the business magazine manager-magazin from July 8, 2020, accessed on July 9, 2020
- "Informa Sulingen"
- Current reports at eisenbahnkultur.de ( Memento of the original from October 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Sulingen station at eisenbahnkultur.de
- K. Wilhelm Köster: Sulingen history and people . Ed .: City of Sulingen. Sulingen 2012, p. 206 and 228 .