|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||49 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||114.23 km 2|
|Residents:||12,367 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||108 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||27239|
|Primaries :||04243, 04246|
|License plate :||DH, SY|
|Community key :||03 2 51 042|
|LOCODE :||DE TWX|
|City structure:||8 localities|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Jens Bley|
|Location of the town of Twistringen in the Diepholz district|
Twistringen ( Low German Twustern ) is a town in the Diepholz district in Lower Saxony . It is located around 30 kilometers southwest of Bremen on the south-eastern edge of the Wildeshauser Geest local recreation area . The Delme rises in Twistringen .
Twistringen is located 30 kilometers southwest of Bremen , 25 kilometers northeast of Diepholz and 40 kilometers west of Nienburg . The Delme flows through the urban area to the north and the Heiligenloher Beeke , which flows into the Hunte, flows to the west through Heiligenloh .
|Abbenhausen||738||Abbenhausen, Binghausen, Brümsen, Hinterm Holze, Köbbinghausen, Üssinghausen||Bernhard art|
|Altenmarhorst||769||Altenmarhorst, Neuenmarhorst and Horst||Manfred Rickers|
|Heiligenloh||1,051||Bissenhausen, Borwede , Ellinghausen, Heiligenloh, Ridderade, Stophel||Anke von der Lage-Borchers|
|Natenstedt||358||Abbentheren, Duveneck, Ellerchenhausen , Lerchenhausen, Natenstedt, Rüssen||Werner Schütte|
|Scharrendorf||1,253||Scharrendorf, Stöttinghausen||Rolf Meyer|
|Twistringen (center)||6,922||Jens Bley|
Neighboring communities of the entire city of Twistringen are within the district of Diepholz in the northeast, the city of Bassum , in the southeast the joint municipality of Schwaförden and in the south the joint municipality of Barnstorf . In the west, the communities Colnrade ( district of Oldenburg ) and Goldenstedt ( district of Vechta ) are neighbors.
Twistringen has gained national importance in geological terms. Until the 1990s, clay stones were mined in the pits of the Sunder brickworks on the outskirts . These are sediments from the primordial North Sea that were deposited in the Miocene , a stage of the Tertiary Age . This site is type locality of the Twistringer strata, a section of the Reinbek-Dingdener stage. The age of these deposits from the Middle Miocene is about 15 million years.
In the claystones there was a very diverse fauna of snails , mussels , burial pods (scaphopods) and corals . Sea urchins , vertebrate bones and teeth and cephalopod remains were less common . Overall, the fauna was small and not very spectacular. But due to the biodiversity (there are more than 250 species of snails from the Twistringer layers known and described), such an exact picture of the animal world of that epoch emerges that Twistringen is now one of the classic sites of paleontology . Finds from Twistringen can be found in numerous museums and private collections.
Development of the place
Twistringen was first mentioned in a document around 1250 as Thuisteringe . This document names all the places that had to make annual contributions to the maintenance of the Weser Bridge in Bremen.
A parish was in Twistringen been about 825. After the Christians in Niederstift Munster , the twist rings in the 16th century belonged, by Lutheran preacher in the wake of the Reformation strongly within the meaning of the Protestant denomination had been affected, the parish Twistringen was from 1668 successful re-Catholicised . In the evangelical region , initially Hanoverian (until 1866), then Prussian (until 1946) and finally Lower Saxony (since 1946), the parish of Twistringen has been a Catholic enclave and the seat of a deanery for centuries .
Until 1811 Twistringen belonged to the Vechta dominion in the Niederstift Münster. In 1811 the place became part of the " Départements de l'Ems-Supérieur " established by Napoleon I. During the French period (1811–1813) the place received a more modern road connection with Napoleon Street (today Bundesstraße 51 ).
In the course of the reorganization of Europe by the Congress of Vienna and after border negotiations between the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg and the Kingdom of Hanover , the political municipality of Twistringen was assigned to Hanover in 1817. The Catholic parish became part of the Osnabrück diocese in 1824 . Only with the construction of the Bremen-Osnabrück railway line (opening on May 15, 1873) did Lutherans settle again in Twistringen. They founded an Evangelical Lutheran congregation in 1891 and inaugurated their own church in 1894.
In 1964 the municipality of Twistringen was granted city rights. On March 1, 1974, the unified municipality of Twistringen was established with the villages of Abbenhausen, Altenmarhorst, Heiligenloh, Mörsen, Natenstedt, Rüssen, Scharrendorf, Stelle and Twistringen.
Importance of straw processing
For centuries, straw processing played an important role in Twistringen . At times a third of the population (in factories and home work) was employed in this branch of industry. Manufactured u. a. Straw hats, jackets for wine bottles (so-called malottes ) and drinking straws. The articles were exported to numerous countries. The Museum of Straw Processing documents the history and development of this industry from its beginnings to the present.
- Biggest straw hat in the world
To celebrate the 750th anniversary of the city of Twistringen in 2000, a huge straw hat was made in front of the town hall, which earned an entry in the Guinness Book of Records . With a diameter of around 5.5 meters, the hat is a 20-fold enlargement of a circular saw hat from the 1920s. The TV presenter Reinhold Beckmann , who comes from Twistringen, also came to the celebration . The hat can be seen today in the Museum of Straw Processing.
Prehistoric ring wall
The so-called Hünenburg is located in the district of Stöttinghausen . It is a prehistoric ring wall with a diameter of about 80 m. These are the remains of an early historical fortification from the 5th to 9th centuries. In 1932, an examination of the inside of the wall revealed that it had once housed several buildings. The local Heimatverein Scharrendorf-Stöttinghausen zur Hünenburg was founded in 2001 to reconstruct the Hünenburg and to acquire public funding for it. In 2005 the wooden entrance gate to the Hünenburg was reconstructed. The first building inside the facility followed in 2008. The conclusion in 2014 was the construction of a bakery. As a result, the ring wall was given an almost castle-like character. The local history association has taken on the care and maintenance of the facility.
1973 plane crash
On November 13, 1973, a Belgian starfighter crashed into a residential building in the Mörsen district. The pilot, a firefighter, the father, the mother and two girls of the family were killed. A boy in the family was able to escape from a hatch before the fire spread to the house. The misfortune left three young orphans.
The city council of the city of Twistringen consists of 26 councilors. For a city with a population between 12,001 and 15,000 inhabitants, the Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Act (NKomVG) normally has 30 council members. The city council of Twistringen has made use of the possibility of reducing the number of council members to be elected and has reduced the number by a council resolution by four to 26 council members. The 26 council members are elected for five years each by local elections. The term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ended on October 31, 2021.
The full-time mayor Jens Bley is also entitled to vote in the city council.
The last local elections produced the following results:
|2001||22 seats||6 seats||0 seats||2 seats||0 seats||0 seats||30 seats|
|2006||17 seats||5 seats||2 seats||2 seats||0 seats||0 seats||26 seats|
|2011||15 seats||5 seats||2 seats||4 seats||0 seats||0 seats||26 seats|
|2016||12 seats||3 seats||2 seats||4 seats||4 seats||1 seat||26 seats|
Previous mayors of the city:
- 1968–1996: Karl Kunst (CDU)
- 2000–2014: Karl Meyer (independent)
- 2014–2018: Martin Schlake (independent)
- May 2018 – June 2019: Horst Wiesch, Interim Mayor
- since June 2019: Jens Bley (CDU)
coat of arms
Blazon : “The city's coat of arms shows a white Lower Saxony horse on a shield in the upper red field. In the lower yellow field there are three yellow gear wheels on a red crossbar - as a symbol of the industry. "
Description: The Twistringer coat of arms was designed in 1935/36 by Gustav Völker , a high school teacher and heraldist from Hanover. In the upper field it shows the white Lower Saxony horse on a red background . The lower field, consisting of a broad red bar on a golden background, shows the coat of arms of the Bishop of Münster . Three gears are incorporated in the red bar . The coat of arms shows that Twistringen was a welcome object of contention for counts and bishops for centuries . Most often the ownership of Twistringen changed between the Counts of Hoya and the Bishops of Munster. This multiple rule is reflected in the division into two fields: In the upper area the Lower Saxony horse of the province of Hanover can be seen, while the lower area shows the coat of arms of the diocese of Münster. Twistringen's independence is represented by the three cogwheels - as a symbol of what was then the largest industrial community in what was then the county of Hoya .
- Twistringen has had a twin town in France since 1977, the municipality of Bonnétable (4,000 inhabitants) northeast of Le Mans in the Sarthe department .
- Since 2003 there has been a twinning with the Lithuanian city of Kaišiadorys (10,000 inhabitants) in the Kaunas district .
- Twistringen is represented in the Lower Saxony / Bremen municipal association.
Culture and sights
→ see also the list of architectural monuments in Twistringen
- The Catholic neo-Gothic church of St. Anna from 1870 with its mighty, 56 meter high tower is the city's landmark. Inside you can see , among other things, an 800-year-old baptismal font and a late Baroque painting of the Mount of Olives.
- Evangelical Martin Luther Church in Twistringen from 1894
- Evangelical Church in Heiligenloh, Am Pfarrgarten
- Speicher from 1851 in Lerchenhausen
- Ringwall (Hühnenburg) in Scharrendorf
- School on the market in Twistringen
Art in public space
- There are two sculptures by artists from Syke in the city center and in the Heiligenloh district. The two objects that belong together refer to more than 200 years of straw processing in the parish of Twistringen, which is unique in this form in northern Germany:
- Freed from the confines : sandstone figure from 2004 in the entrance area of St. Anne's monastery by the Osnabrück sculptor Dominikus Witte. It should clarify the goal of the psychiatry housed there , that the individual can step out of his entanglements to light.
- Golden rain : Steel sculpture from 2013 over the Hunte south of the "Golden Bridge" on the border between the Rüssen and Goldenstedt district, made by the blacksmith Alfred Bullermann from Friesoythe
- Every year concerts are held in the St. Anna Church as part of the Twistringer Organ Autumn . Well-known performers from home and abroad give three to four concerts.
- The Dean's Choir Twistringen and the Choralschola St. Anna organize the central liturgical celebrations of the church year.
- The Collegium St. Annae is a chamber music ensemble, some of which are independent and some of which organize church services and concerts.
- The goal of the Asperasilva recorder ensemble is to perfect children, young people and adults in playing the flute.
- The Twistringer brass orchestra with almost 50 active members plays classical and modern music and organizes three concerts every year.
- The Twistringer Spielmannszug with many young members provides musical support for many parades every year during the shooting festival season. But the Twistringer minstrel parade is also represented on carnival and lantern parades.
- The Friends of the Old Brickworks have been organizing a three-day open-air concert with international, national and local bands every year since 2011. The program consists mainly of hard rock and blues rock bands. In addition, two to three indoor concerts are held every year. The program of these concerts consists mainly of cover bands from the fields of rock, blues and soul.
The Twistringen city archive in the town hall, Lindenstr. 14, is the administrative archive of the city of Twistringen. Files, cards , documents , bequests and old editions of the regional newspapers are available here.
The Jewish cemetery in Twistringen is a cultural monument . It is one of eight well-preserved Jewish cemeteries in the Diepholz district. In the cemetery on the street Zur Poggenmühle there are 46 tombstones from the years 1839 to 1945 for the Jewish deceased.
Landscape protection areas
- Dehmse forest area , is located in the northern part of the town of Twistringen, approx. 1 km west of the Twistring district of Köbbinghausen, on the border with the municipality of Harpstedt
- Steller-Moor in the eastern urban area of Twistringen
Economy and Infrastructure
In Twistringen there are companies that supply agriculture (e.g. Raiffeisen-Warengenossenschaft Niedersachsen eG , Best 3 Geflügelernahrung GmbH (the latter with 113 employees), Kraftfutter-Meyer GmbH , but also other sectors such as cosmetics 2016).
There is a primary school and a school center in Twistringen. The secondary school and secondary school are housed in the school center. The city library was also located on the same site. The grammar school has existed since 2004 and was initially also housed in the school center. In August 2007, the school was able to move into a new building on Vechtaer Straße. Since 2011 it has been called Hildegard-von-Bingen-Gymnasium Twistringen . In addition, the Diepholz Adult Education Center and the Diepholz District Music School in Twistringen give lessons. Twistringen also has several kindergartens .
- Klinikverbund Landkreis Diepholz gGmbH: Day clinic for psychiatry and psychotherapy as well as psychiatric institute outpatient clinic (PIA) in the rooms of the former Twistringen clinic.
- Day clinic for child and adolescent psychiatry of the children's hospital association in Osnabrück in the rooms of the former Twistringen clinic with a psychiatric institute outpatient clinic (PIA) for children and adolescents.
- Christian Scouts - Mauritius Tribe (Saints) : Training for children and young people and leaders
Rail The Twistringen station is on the Wanne-Eickel-Hamburg railway line . The connection to Bremen takes place every half hour ( RE 9 and regional S-Bahn RS 2, travel time 29 or 35 minutes); Osnabrück is connected every hour (RE 9, travel time 48 minutes).
Road The B 51 cuts through the urban area in a northeast-southwest direction and creates a connection to the north to Bremen and to the south to the district town of Diepholz and Osnabrück. The federal motorway 1 , which runs northeast at a distance of 18 kilometers , connects to Hamburg to the north and to Münster and the Ruhr area to the south .
sons and daughters of the town
- Wilhelm Helms (1923–2019), farmer and politician (District Administrator, MdB and MEP)
- Karl Kunst (1934–2019), politician (CDU)
- Josef Meyer (1936–2012), politician (MdL, district administrator)
- Hartwig Steenken (1941–1978), show jumper (Olympic and world champion)
- May Spils (born 1941), director
- Eike Gramss (1942–2015), theater director and artistic director
- Brigitte Seebacher-Brandt (* 1946), historian
- Reinhold Beckmann (* 1956), television presenter
- Karl-Thomas Neumann (* 1961), manager
- Arno Rolf (* 1942), computer scientist
Personalities who work on site
- Otto Bach (1924-2010) was a local researcher , author and educator who lived and worked in Heiligenloh . From 1963 to 1986 Bach worked as a teacher at the primary school in Heiligenloh, of which he was director from 1970. In 1978 he founded - together with Friedrich Kratzsch - the city archive in Twistringen, which they both ran together on a voluntary basis until 2010 . Since 1986 Bach has been increasingly active as a local researcher and has numerous. He wrote books and brochures on the regional history of the Twistringer area.
- Friedrich Kratzsch (* 1946), educator and author , has been working as a secondary school teacher at the local secondary school since 1978 . Since 1978 he has headed the town archive in Twistringen - together with Otto Bach . Kratzsch has published several books on various Twistringer topics.
The Twistringer song
The Twistringer Lied is a local anthem written in 1935 by Franz Berger (text) together with Heinrich Hammann sen. (Music) was composed. Franz Berger, born in Hanover, was a teacher and politician in Twistringen. The fourth verse of the song was written in 1937 for the tenth anniversary of the Twistringer shooting club.
“Between Weserland and Hunte
Between mountains and the sea
Where in a wide, wide
circle of grain on fields as thick as ears,
Where fathers earthy
work with sons strength,
Where strangers found,
Gladly creates a home.
(Refrain :) Perle, you in Lower Saxony,
place of the most beautiful happiness,
Twistringen has grown
dear to my heart .
Work, trade, change, striving
mark us in our homeland.
Wives and daughters
decorate our lives with a dear hand,
happiness, cheerfulness and joy,
strong courage and ability , willing to
help in all suffering,
we are happy to vouch for that .
Once I was in a foreign land, I
slipped away from here as easily as a youth
The bonds should not tear, Those who made my homeland for me,
Blue stain under the distant sky, No matter
how much I would be liked,
I swear again and again:
Twisting my star of life.
Green skirts, green hats,
feather headdresses as colorful decorations
And a drink of old quality,
something a Sagittarius praises here.
On the price and king disk,
clear eyes and firm hand,
That it will still stay that way
Here in our fatherland.
During the Second World War , schnapps was illegally distilled on a large scale in Twistringen and also distributed in the surrounding areas. The schnapps distillery gave Twistringen the nickname Brenndorf in the vernacular . This name is partly still in use in the vicinity of Twistringen. In the 1960s Twistringen gained nationwide attention (even the picture reported) because three local pastors wanted to cordon off a cinema that wanted to show Bergmann's " Das Schweigen ".
- Festschrift for the 700th anniversary of Twistringen. 1250-1950. (Ed .: Municipality of Twistringen), Twistringen 1950, 54 + 31 p. M. numerous Fig.
- Otto Bach , Friedrich Kratzsch a . a .: Twistringen - A local lore. 1986, 436 pages.
- Otto Bach et al. Friedrich Kratzsch: Twistringen in old views. Zaltbommel (NL) 1984 (3rd A.), 80 p. M. 76 Fig.
- City archive Twistringen (Ed.): 750 years of Twistringen - Contributions to the history of a small town between Delme and Hunte. 2000, 304 pages.
- Museum of straw processing Twistringen (Hrsg.): Straw processing in Twistringen. 2005, 141 pages
- Lydia Funke-Westermann u. Friedrich Kratzsch: Respected and ostracized. Twistringen and his Jews 1933–1943. Harpstedt 1985; 2nd, revised edition 1990, 62 pages
- Twist rings. In: Georg Dehio : Handbook of German Art Monuments . Bremen Lower Saxony. Munich / Berlin 1992, p. 1276 f.
- Friedrich Kratzsch: Between wars, cross and swastika. Twistringen and the surrounding area 1919–1939. Bassum-Ringmar 1997, 397 pages
- Friedrich Kratzsch u. Ulrich Kathmann: Twistringen and its districts from World War II to the present. A photo book with archive images. Twistringen 2002, 147 pages
- Heinz-Hermann Böttcher: The Jewish cemetery in Twistringen - documentation. (Self-published typescript printing), Syke 2003, 120 pages
- Nancy Kratochwill-Gertich and Antje C. Naujoks: Twistringen. In: Herbert Obenaus (Ed. In collaboration with David Bankier and Daniel Fraenkel): Historical manual of the Jewish communities in Lower Saxony and Bremen . Volume 1 and 2 (1668 pp.), Göttingen 2005, pages 1475–1482.
- [Author collective:] From Alwine to Ziska. Women profiles from Twistringen. (Ed .: LandFrauenverein Twistringen e.V. and City of Twistringen, Equal Opportunities Officer), Twistringen 2007, 111 p. M. numerous Fig.
- Website of the city of Twistringen
- City history up to the end of World War II ( Memento from December 16, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- City history since the end of World War II ( Memento from December 16, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Twistringen (with Heiligenloh and Ehrenburg) , website Jewish regional history in the district of Diepholz
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Franz Josef Scheeben: Oldenburg has belonged to the diocese of Münster for 350 years - why "Bomben-Bernd" bought the spiritual power in southern Oldenburg . kirche-und-leben.de. September 14, 2018
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 191 .
- Heimatverein Scharrendorf: History
- Results of the 2016 local elections
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on December 7, 2014
- Bylaws on the number of councilors to be elected in Twistringen , accessed on December 7, 2014
- Entry about the twin cities on the homepage of the city of Twistringen.Retrieved on April 13, 2019, 7:07 pm
- Community Goldenstedt: "Goldregen" spans over Hunte. New steel sculpture inaugurated at the Golden Bridge ( Memento of the original from October 12, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . October 8, 2013
- Kreiszeitung.de: Festival for all generations - Ziegelei-Open-Air in Twistringen , accessed on December 7, 2014
- Kreiszeitung.de: Family reunion with heart and soul , accessed on December 7, 2014
- City archive Twistringen on the website of the city of Twistringen
- Builders are looking for the "Sandman". Kreiszeitung.de, October 1, 2010, accessed on June 13, 2013 .
- Kreiszeitung.de: Local anthems are a good thing , accessed on December 7, 2014