|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||27 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||88.6 km 2|
|Residents:||9840 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||111 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||49424|
|Primaries :||04444, 04434, 04445, 04441|
|License plate :||VEC|
|Community key :||03 4 60 004|
|LOCODE :||DE ZOD|
|Community structure:||two main towns and twelve farmers|
|Address of the
|Main street 39
|Mayor :||Alfred Kuhlmann (independent)|
|Location of the community Goldenstedt in the district of Vechta|
The community of Goldenstedt is located around 12 km south of Wildeshausen in the south of the Wildeshauser Geest Nature Park . It is bounded to the north by the Visbeker Bauerschaft Bonrechtern , the Wildeshauser Bauerschaft Hanstedt and the Denghauser Mühlbach , to the east by the Hunte , to the south by the Goldenstedter Moor nature reserve and to the west by the Vechtaer Moorbach and the Herrenholz forest area . The Goldenstedter Mühlenbach runs from west to east within Goldenstedt and crosses the eastern core before it flows into the Hunte. The upper course of the stream is designated as a landscape protection area.
The community is divided into two main centers Goldenstedt and Lutten (code 04441) and twelve associated farming communities . The farmers in the old community of Goldenstedt are Ambergen, Arkeburg (04441), Eine (area code 04434), Ellenstedt, Gastrup, Goldenstedt-Heide, Lahr and Varenesch. The farmers in the old community of Lutten are Amerbusch (area code 04441), Höven, Osterende and Westerlutten.
Neighboring municipalities and places
Neighboring towns to the municipality of Goldenstedt, clockwise from the north, are the town of Wildeshausen , the joint community of Harpstedt (district Colnrade ), the town of Twistringen , the joint community of Barnstorf (districts Barnstorf, Drebber ), the town of Vechta with the district Langförden and the community of Visbek .
|Visbek (10 km)||Wildeshausen (12 km)||Colnrade (5 km)|
|Langförden (12 km)||Twistringen (14 km)|
|Vechta (13 km)||Drebber (16 km)||Barnstorf (10 km)|
The distance information relates to the distance to the town center.
Temperate maritime climate influenced by humid northwest winds from the North Sea. On a long-term average, the air temperature in Goldenstedt reaches 8.5 ° - 9.0 ° C and around 700 mm of precipitation falls. Between May and August, an average of 20 to 25 summer days (climatological term for days on which the maximum temperature exceeds 25 ° C) can be expected.
In the early Middle Ages, the Arkeburg was built in what is now the peasantry of the same name. There are no written documents about the castle from the Middle Ages. In 2017, a partial reconstruction of the castle complex with information boards was made accessible to the public.
The community was first mentioned in a document in 1080. According to a legend told by Carl Heinrich Nieberding , the name of the place as well as that of the "Golden Bridge" over the Hunte near Goldenstedt can be traced back to an event in 1011. The village of Lutten , which was incorporated against the will of the population as part of the Lower Saxony municipal reform in 1974 , is already mentioned in 872.
Goldenstedt became known through the Simultaneum mixtum . It was created in the period from 1650 to 1850. During this time the place was on the border of two domains with different denominations: the Catholic Niederstift Münster and the Protestant areas of Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Hanover . The dual power ended in 1817 , and in 1850, after the construction of the Evangelical Martin Luther Church in Goldenstedt, the Simultaneum mixtum as well. The writer Bernd Kessens wrote the sensational novel "... and a golden watch on my feet" on this subject .
When the National Socialists wanted to convert the denominational elementary schools into community schools in 1938 , resistance formed in Goldenstedt. Numerous Catholic and Protestant Christians boycotted the NS celebration on the “ National Holiday of the German People ” (May 1st) and instead gathered at the farm in Herbrügge in the Osterende farmers' community, where a court cross was inaugurated. An appeal was posted the following day:
“Citizens of Goldenstedt, on May 1st a new struggle begins, the religious struggle. ... We want to be Christians and not neo-pagans. "
Parents refused to send their children to school and gathered in front of St. Gorgonius Church . Thereon were Gestapo -Beamte and a train police from Wilhelmshaven according Goldenstedt sent. 14 men were arrested, twelve of them in the concentration camps Oranienburg and Buchenwald admitted.
On March 1, 1974, the neighboring municipality of Lutten was incorporated into the municipality of Goldenstedt.
The council of the community Goldenstedt consists of 24 councilors. This is the specified number for a municipality with a population between 9,001 and 10,000. The 24 council members are elected by local elections for five years each. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.
The full-time mayor Willibald Meyer of the CDU is also entitled to vote in the local council.
The last local election on September 11, 2016 resulted in the following:
|Political party||Percentage ownership %||be right||Seats|
|Interest group for a meaningful community structure Goldenstedt (IGG)||14.5%||1,860||4 seats|
The full-time mayor of the community of Goldenstedt has been Alfred Kuhlmann (independent) since November 1, 2019. Before that, Willibald Meyer (CDU) was elected mayor on September 11, 2011 with 74.5% of the vote. The turnout at that time was 58%. Meyer was honorary mayor from 1986 to 2005 and the municipality's first full-time mayor from 2005 to 2011. He was thus the longest serving mayor in Lower Saxony.
coat of arms
Symbolism: The coat of arms of the municipality of Goldenstedt shows a wooden ax with 6 coins. The ax indicates an ancient wooden dish . The coins on the right and left of the ax point to a legend that explains the name "Goldenstedt". Afterwards, the count's subjects from neighboring Diepholz received him with his young wife, daughter of a Swedish king, on the border of the parish, where the bridge over the Hunte still leads today. The newlyweds threw a lot of gold coins among the people here. Since then, the bridge has been called the "Golden Bridge" and the golden site has been called "Goldenstedt".
Since 1987 there have been contacts with the two French municipalities Bosc-le-Hard and Clères in Normandy , which led to an official municipal partnership in May 1989. The document was signed on May 7, 1989 in Goldenstedt and during a return visit on September 24, 1990 in France .
Culture and sights
The Roman Catholic parish church of St. Gorgonius in the center of the community was built in 1908–1910 as a hall church in neo-Gothic style based on designs by the Bremen architect Heinrich Flügel . It is 60 m long and 30 m wide.
The Arkeburg in the Goldenstedter peasantry of the same name is the largest early medieval ring castle in northwest Germany . The complex, equipped with a double ring wall , probably dates from the second half of the 8th century. It has been expanding into a tourist attraction since 2017.
The East German home and costume parlors are located in Ambergen.
These and other sculptures in the center of Goldenstedt are stops on the "Goldenstedt Sculpture Mile".
A path with seven individual wooden figures and a triptych by Uwe Oswald has been included in the layout of the “Haus im Moor”, also on the outskirts of Goldenstedt .
Ellenstedt wind orchestra
The wind orchestra was founded in 1928 in Ellenstedt, a district of the Goldenstedt community. The orchestra performs around 35–40 assignments on various occasions each year. The repertoire ranges from classical marching music to folk music to medleys from well-known musicals. The board of directors and the conductor of the association expect its members to be trained at a local music school. The further training and the subsequent integration of young people into the orchestra is a main concern of the association.
On the edge of the Goldenstedter Moor nature reserve is the nationally known nature conservation information center with the house in the moor, or NIZ for short. A garden is attached to the NIZ in which regionally important fruit varieties that are threatened with extinction are grown. Between the NIZ in Goldenstedt and the “ Barnstorfer Umwelt-Erlebnis-Zentrum (BUEZ)” the little train Jan Spieker runs regularly in the warm season , and a light train for tourists into the moor.
Large parts of the municipality of Goldenstedt belong to the Wildeshauser Geest Nature Park, including the Herrenholz and the Goldenstedter Mühlenbach nature reserve, which extends from its source to the western edge of the town center. To the east of it, the Bachaue separates the multi-generation park in the north from Bredemeyers Hof in the south. A hiking trail to the Hunte and the Hartensbergsee recreation area runs along the Goldenstedter Mühlenbach through the multi-generation park .
The moor marathon has been held annually since 2003 .
Economy and Infrastructure
Company and industry structure
The economic structure in Goldenstedt is characterized by small and medium-sized companies from the wood (including window construction, sawmills, catering facilities), mechanical engineering and metal processing industry (including conveyor and system technology, stainless steel processing, agricultural machinery and vehicle construction), as well as numerous craft businesses. The formerly dominant agricultural economy has differentiated itself into some highly specialized segments due to an increasing concentration process. It continues to represent a significant part of Goldenstedt's economic power, but due to the falling number of companies and the falling number of employees, it is not an industry of the future in the municipality of Goldenstedt.
Goldenstedt is located directly on the Delmenhorst – Hesepe railway line . There are train stations in Goldenstedt and Lutten, which are served every hour by the NordWestBahn trains (RB 58 Osnabrück - Bremen).
The passage through Goldenstedt has been closed to heavy traffic since August 2006. The Lutten through-road (Kreisstraße 254), on the other hand, is heavily burdened by truck traffic, which is why the population is now seeking a citizens' initiative to ban the passage. Delivery traffic is excluded.
The state road 881, which runs in a west-east direction, connects Goldenstedt with Lutten, coming from Twistringen (Diepholz district) and, before the Vechta northern bypass branches off, continues to Vechta city center.
There is a wind farm in Ellenstedt. A wind turbine with a hub height of 70 meters overturned there in 2002.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Carl Unkraut , born in Goldenstedt in 1731, died in Cologne in 1823, Carthusian monk and prior of the Carthusian monks Hildesheim and Vogelsang
- Franz Morthorst , born on December 13, 1894 in Goldenstedt, died on July 6, 1970 in Cloppenburg, Catholic clergyman
- Renate Geuter , born on December 27, 1952 in Goldenstedt, member of the Lower Saxony State Parliament ( SPD ) from 2003 to 2017
Personalities associated with the community
- Klaus von Klitzing , born on June 28, 1943 in Schroda / Posen, grew up in Lutten, a district of Goldenstedt that has since been incorporated, and Essen (Oldb), 1985 Nobel Prize for Physics on the subject of " Quantum Hall Effect "
- Bernhard Brockmann (1931–2018), lawyer, notary and regional historian
- Uwe Oswald , born in Gorndorf (Thuringia) in 1953, the most important contractor for the Goldenstedt sculpture mile
- Elisabeth Reinke: Joint Lutheran-Catholic worship service in Goldenstedt 1650–1850 . In: Yearbook for the Oldenburger Münsterland 1976 . Vechta 1975, pp. 170-175
- Bernhard Brockmann: The worldwide unique Simultaneum mixtum in Goldenstedt: Evangelical and Catholic together from 1650 to 1850 . Geest-Verlag, Vechta-Langförden 2007, ISBN 978-3-86685-099-6
- Bernhard Brockmann, Winfried Rötepohl-Bahlmann: The Goldenstedter school fight 1938. Memory of courageous citizens in a dark time . Geest-Verlag, Vechta-Langförden 2008, ISBN 978-3-86685-121-4
- Bernhard Brockmann, Martin Knipper, Ulrich Westendorf: 100 years of the Catholic parish church of St. Gorgonius Goldenstedt . Catholic parish of St. Gorgonius, Goldenstedt 2010
- The novel, published in 2000, is set in Goldenstedt by Bernd Kessens, “And a golden clock on my feet” .
- Website of the municipality of Goldenstedt
- Website of the Nature Conservation Information Center (NIZ)
- Communicative urban and regional development: Water tourism Hunte - action program . (PDF; 3.82 MB)
- Nature trails in and around Goldenstedt
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Karl Willoh: Franconian graves in a . In: Yearbook for the history of the Duchy of Oldenburg , Volume 16 (1908), p. 352 f .; online (PDF)
- field near one. Goldenstedt-One, municipality of Goldenstedt . steinzeitreise.de.
- Carl Heinrich Nieberding: Count Rudolph von Diepholz . In: Communications from the Historical Association of Osnabrück . Volume 3, 1853. S. 50 ff. Text archive - Internet Archive
- Catholic parish Sankt Gorgonius Goldenstedt: History
- Franz-Josef Scheeben: The impetus for the uprising in the Nazi era . In: Kirche + Leben , January 6, 2019, p. 20.
- Maria Anna Zumholz: The cross fight - Catholic milieu and resistance in the Oldenburger Münsterland 1934–1938 . In this. (Ed.): Catholic milieu and resistance - The cross fight in the Oldenburger Land . LIT-Verlag, Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-643-11937-7 , pp. 17–78, here p. 62.
- Maria Anna Zumholz: The cross fight - Catholic milieu and resistance in the Oldenburger Münsterland 1934–1938 . In this. (Ed.): Catholic milieu and resistance - The cross fight in the Oldenburger Land . LIT-Verlag, Berlin 2012, pp. 17–78, here p. 63.
- Bernhard Brockmann, Winfried Rötepohl-Bahlmann: The Goldenstedter school martial 1938. memory of courageous citizens in a dark time . Geest-Verlag Vechta-Langförden 2008, pp. 112–144.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 276 .
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on February 2, 2017.
- Results of the 2016 local elections , accessed on February 2, 2017
- Local politics: veteran mayor in the Goldenstedt town hall , accessed on February 2, 2017.
- Goldenstedt Partnerships , accessed on February 2, 2017.
- Community Goldenstedt: industrial monument Bredemeyers Hof
- Goldenstedt community: Goldenstedt sculpture mile. Encounter with art in the open air
- The sculpture trail - art wherever you look . (PDF) In: Stadtgeflüster. Magazine for Vechta and umzu issue 11 (April / Main 2011), p. 6
- Community Goldenstedt: "Goldregen" spans over Hunte. New steel sculpture inaugurated at the Golden Bridge ( memento from October 12, 2013 in the Internet Archive ). August 25, 2018
- Leaflet of the "Lower Saxony Education Server" on Jan Spieker (PDF; 2.2 MB)
- multimania.de ( Memento of the original from September 23, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.