|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Joint municipality :||Harpstedt|
|Height :||35 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||23.46 km 2|
|Residents:||4727 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||201 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||27243|
|Area code :||04244|
|License plate :||OIL|
|Community key :||03 4 58 008|
|LOCODE :||DE HZT|
|Association administration address:||
Freedom of office 1 27243 Harpstedt
|Mayor :||Herwig Wobse|
|Location of the community of Harpstedt in the district of Oldenburg|
The spots Harpstedt is a town in Lower Saxony, district of Oldenburg , in the region Oldenburg region , located south of Delmenhorst and east of Wildeshausen . Harpstedt is the administrative seat of the Harpstedt municipality .
Harpstedt is a nationally recognized resort in the center of the Wildeshauser Geest nature park . The Delme , Purrmühlenbach and Annenriede , also called Annengraben, flow through Harpstedt . In the north is the district of Klein Amerika with the ocean bridge over the Delme.
The first documentary mention was in 1203 as "Harpenstede" (means 'settlement of the Erpo'). 1396 awarded Count Otto III. von Hoya Harpstedt the soft image law and subordinated the place to the Bremen city law .
Until 1977, Harpstedt belonged to the county of Hoya in what was then the administrative district of Hanover . Today the place forms a municipality in the district of Oldenburg . This was part of the administrative district of the same name until 1978, then the administrative district of Weser-Ems , which was dissolved on December 31, 2004 like all administrative districts in Lower Saxony .
coat of arms
The coat of arms shows a harp on a blue and white background, as it was long believed that the place name was based on this word. It cannot be ruled out entirely, but ultimately it is very unlikely. Composites as place names ending -stedt -städt / rule have a personal name or a geographical indication as Erstwort.
- Evangelical Lutheran Christ Church Harpstedt
- Catholic Church Harpstedt
- New Apostolic Church in Harpstedt
The Harpstedt patch is the political and geographical center of the Harpstedt joint municipality , to which the communities Beckeln , Colnrade , Dünsen , Groß Ippener , Kirchseelte , Prinzhöfte and Winkelsett also belong. The current mayor of the municipality is Herwig Wöbse and Stefan Wachholder of Harpstedt.
The Harpstedt council consists of 15 councilors and councilors. This is the specified number for the member municipality of an integrated municipality with a population between 3,001 and 5,000 inhabitants. The 15 council members are elected for five years each by local elections. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.
The last local election on September 11, 2016 resulted in the following:
|Political party||Proportional votes||Number of seats|
|Harpstedter Bürgerliste (HBL)||32.29%||5|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||12.87%||2|
The turnout in the 2016 local elections was 62.30%, well above the Lower Saxony average of 55.5%. For comparison - in the previous municipal election on September 11, 2016, the turnout was 59.04%.
- Harpstedt's partner church is Loué ( France ).
- Harpstedt is represented in the Lower Saxony / Bremen municipal association.
- The Amtshof was built as a simple half-timbered building 1741–1744 on the foundations of the demolished moated castle of the Counts of Delmenhorst . It is surrounded by the former moat and, after extensive restoration, now serves as the seat of the municipal administration.
- The baroque Christ Church on the market square was consecrated in 1753.
- Medieval ramparts (tower hill)
- Harpstedter Niederungsburg
Historic small train
- Historic small train "Jan Harpstedt" of the Delmenhorst-Harpstedter Eisenbahnfreunde e. V. (DHEF) on the Delmenhorst-Harpstedter Railway
Christ Church Harpstedt
From the prehistory
- Sunstones in Harpstedt and Beckstedt , a prehistoric monument . These boulders show concentric circles around a point 12 (Harpstedt) or 11 (Beckstedt) on the flat front . They are believed to be symbols of sun worship.
- Already four millennia BC The area of today's Samtgemeinde was settled. Testimony of this:
The Harpstedter windmill , a three-story gallery Dutchman, was built in 1871 by the arable citizen and tanner Johann Conrad Menke. The mill was initially a tan mill combined with a sawmill and equipped with sail blades and codend. The system was later expanded to include a threshing machine. Numerous improvements have contributed to keeping the mill in operation for a long time. In 1928, for example, the mill received a compass rose and blinds. The - wooden - wings were replaced one more time in 1961 - this time with iron wings. The total renovation began in 2009 and was completed in 2011, so that the mill is not only a landmark of Harpstedt, but a manufacturing historical monument to this day. The mill can be visited by arrangement.
Opposite the office building on the upper reaches of the Delme is the Harpstedter watermill with undershot water wheel. The half-timbered building is now used as a hotel.
The great fire of 1739 destroyed almost all buildings in Harpstedt. The planning of the authorities left little space for the arable citizens. So around 1850 the barns were built here on land owned by the municipality, a little away from the town center. Unfortunately, with the decline in sheep farming, the barns fell into disrepair again. In order to stop the complete decline, the Fördergemeinschaft Koems eV was founded in 1983. Since then, the Koems site has been rebuilt in thousands of voluntary hours of work. In several of the old barns there have been exhibitions on handicrafts, earlier agricultural and domestic work and local history since 1996. However, some rooms can also be rented for events by groups, associations or private individuals. They can accommodate groups of up to 500 people. The Fördergemeinschaft Koems takes care of the maintenance of the Scheunenviertel and the maintenance of the entire facility.
The Harpstedt Jewish Cemetery is a cultural monument in the Oldenburg district. In the cemetery on the street “Zum Judenfriedhof” there are seven gravestones from the years 1910 to 1937 of those who died of the Jewish faith.
Economy and Infrastructure
Son of the community
- Friedrich Jung (1890–1978), Attorney General at the Court of Appeal, President of the Higher Regional Court in Breslau
- Dirk Heile: Chronicle of the integrated community Harpstedt. Volume II. From 1667 to 1950. Wildeshausen 1996, 736 pp.
- Jürgen Ellwanger : Difficult times. Harpstedt between the end of the war and currency reform . (Ed .: Municipality of Harpstedt), Harpstedt 2002, 240 pp.
- Heinz-Hermann Böttcher: The Jewish cemetery in Harpstedt - documentation. (Self-published typescript printing), Syke 2003, 89 pp.
- Horst Kai Klein: As a refugee child in Harpstedt. An experience report about the years 1945 to 1952 (GRIN-Verlag) 279 p. With photos
- Werner Meiners : Harpstedt. In: Herbert Obenaus (Ed. In collaboration with David Bankier and Daniel Fraenkel): Historical manual of the Jewish communities in Lower Saxony and Bremen . Volume 1 and 2 (1668 pp.), Göttingen 2005, pages 801–806 (with 2 illustrations)
- Jürgen Ellwanger: 12 years. Harpstedt under National Socialism. (Ed .: Municipality of Harpstedt), Harpstedt 2006, 224 p. M. numerous Fig .; ISBN 3-00-020063-0
- Rudolf Warnecke: Harpstedt in historical pictures and an outline of its history. Harpstedt, Lampe, 1979
- Hans-Cord Sarnighausen: Kurhannoversche Amtsjuristen from 1637 to 1859 in Harpstedt near Wildeshausen , in: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Familienkunde GENEALOGIE, Issue 2/2014, pp. 118–146
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Manfred Niemeyer (ed.): German book of place names . De Gruyter, Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-11-018908-7 , pp. 245 .
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on January 21, 2017
- Result of the Harpstedt municipal council election on January 21, 2017 , accessed on January 21, 2017
- The CDU gets the most votes nationwide. September 12, 2016. Retrieved January 21, 2017 .
- Stone Age Journey: Sun Stone
- Mühlenstrasse working group in the “Mühlenvereinigung Niedersachsen-Bremen eV”: The Harpstedter Wassermühle
- Karl Doeleke: A village disco moves to the museum , in: Hannoversche Allgemeine, 19 March 2017