Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse
The Lower Saxon Mill Road is a holiday route that takes visitors to Lower Saxony mills and is intended to network the interests of monument conservation with those of tourism . Together with other existing mill roads, it is to form the core of a " European Mill Route ( Via Molina )".
The mills on the Lower Saxony Mill Road are marked with the emblem (sketch of the Hüvener Mill in Emsland ) of the “Mühlenvereinigung Niedersachsen-Bremen e. V. “and equipped with an information board. This describes the history and equipment of the respective mill.
The mills included in the Niedersächsische Mühlenstraße are of different types: You can mainly visit water or windmills . They are still in operation, are used as a museum or have been converted into residential buildings. Some mills can only be viewed from the outside. In the International Wind and Water Mill Museum in Gifhorn also one can Schiffsmühle be visited. There are horse mills in the museum village Hösseringen and in the museum village Cloppenburg . There are motor mills in several buildings that cannot be easily identified as mills from the outside. Hydropower plants such as the Oldau an der Aller power plant are also considered mills in the sense of the Lower Saxony Mill Road .
Windmills without blades and water mills without water wheels have also been added to the Lower Saxony Mill Road. This inclusion is intended to act as an incentive for the owners to complete the mills.
The idea for the "Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse" project was born in 1996. At that time, the Lüneburg district government was looking for ways to improve tourism in northern Lower Saxony on a sustainable basis. As early as 1995, an association called “Association for the Promotion of Historic Mills in the Area of the Miller's Guild Lüneburg e. V. ”founded the association was given the task of restoring windmills and water mills in the association area, which initially included the districts of Lüneburg, Harburg and Lüchow-Dannenberg, and promoting their maintenance. The association also stated that it wanted to maintain and preserve the tradition and culture associated with the miller's trade.
A working group consisting of representatives from district authorities, mill associations and local museums was founded in 1996 under the sponsorship of the Lüneburg Friends' Association. They gave the go-ahead for the development of a tourist travel route to mills in Lower Saxony. In 1998 the Lower Saxony Mühlenstraße was replaced by the “Mühlenförderverein Lüneburg e. V. “renamed association was founded. With the renaming, the area of responsibility of the development association was extended to the districts of Celle and Uelzen. The first section of the Lower Saxony Mill Road was opened by the then Lower Saxony Agriculture Minister Karl-Heinz Funke on the German Mill Day 1998 at the Bardowick Windmill. At the time, Mühlenstrasse consisted of 75 mill locations in northeast Lower Saxony.
The MFV Lüneburg e. After 1998, V. was responsible for the coordination, monitoring and handling of restoration and renovation measures at mills on Lower Saxony's Mühlenstrasse and for the development of tourism marketing concepts as well as for their financing from German and European subsidies.
The Lower Saxony state government has been pursuing the goal of extending Mühlenstrasse to all of Lower Saxony since 1996. For this reason, the project management was transferred to the state-wide “Mühlenvereinigung Niedersachsen-Bremen e. V. "submitted. Further areas between the North Sea , Elbe and Weser were assigned to the road in 2005. On July 8, 2006, Mühlenstraße was extended to the area between Weser and Hunte (the districts of Nienburg / Weser and Diepholz). In 2006 the route was 2,130 kilometers long and led to 256 mills.
With the completion of the EU funding program ETLR (Development of Typical Rural Areas) in August 2006, the further networking of the Lower Saxony districts had to be temporarily suspended.
In 2009 the districts of Cloppenburg, Oldenburg and Vechta were added to the Lower Saxony Mühlenstraße. The section in the “ Oldenburger Münsterland and Wildeshauser Geest region ” was officially inaugurated on May 28, 2009 at the “Neumühle” in Endel (municipality of Visbek ).
In 2010 the " East Frisia Region " was included in the Lower Saxony Mühlenstraße. This region includes the East Frisian districts of Aurich , Leer and Wittmund and the city of Emden as well as the Oldenburg districts of Ammerland , Friesland and Wesermarsch and the city of Wilhelmshaven . By 2013, all 38 districts and urban districts with more than 600 mill locations are to belong to the Lower Saxony Mill Road area. In order to achieve this goal, an officially recognized "Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse Foundation" was established on July 12, 2010 to raise additional funds for Mühlenstrasse.
In spring 2011 the “Lower Saxony Mill Road” was expanded to include the “Between Harz and Heath” region. It now also runs through areas of Braunschweig, the Helmstedt district, the Peine district, Salzgitter, the Wolfenbüttel district and Wolfsburg. The official opening took place on May 23 at the Abbenroder post mill in Abbenrode (Cremlingen) .
In November 2010 it was announced that by 2013 the regions of South Lower Saxony, Osnabrück-Emsland-Grafschaft Bentheim and Central Lower Saxony / Hanover's area would also be connected to the Lower Saxony Mühlenstraße. Most of this announcement was implemented by 2018. In 2018, however, the districts of Goslar , Northeim and Göttingen are not yet part of the Lower Saxony Mühlenstraße.
The Lower Saxony mill, on which a Mill Day (the forerunner of the German Mill Day ) was celebrated for the first time on Whit Monday 1987 , namely the Lechtingen windmill in the Osnabrück district , has been included in the network of the Lower Saxony Mill Road since 2013.
The Mühlenstraße working group has been promoting the establishment of a “Via Molina - the street of the mills” as a Europe-wide cultural street project since 2013. The medium-term goal is to identify the "Lower Saxony Mühlenstraße" in association with other German mill roads and those in the Netherlands and Denmark as the core of a Europe-wide mill route and to apply for its certification by the Council of Europe. The "German Society for Milling Science and Mill Maintenance e. V. (DGM) “supports the Via Molina project . In August 2016, the "AG Via Molina" was founded, in which the national milling associations from Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands work together. DGM will receive € 90,000 from the European Union for the Via Molina project in 2018 .
Achievement of the project goals
In a flyer in 2010, the Foundation of Lower Saxony mill road for itself advertised with the words: ". The preservation of the mills, the oldest machines of mankind is a cultural task of high rank" In February 2018, however, has a broader public (at least the readers of in Vechta appearing Oldenburgische Volkszeitung ) clearly that the inclusion of a mill in the network of mill roads in Lower Saxony does not guarantee that the mill in question will actually be preserved. The granting of the status of a location on the Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse cannot have a protective effect that would correspond to the status of a mill under monument protection . The cap and the octagonal hull of the so far station 18 of the Niedersächsische Mühlenstraße (Oldenburger Münsterland / Wildeshauser Geest region) forming the "Bunten Mühle" in Langförden were dismantled in February 2018 and taken to the Netherlands, where they supposedly should be rebuilt "if possible" . In the course of 2018, the mill stump and the signs pointing to the mill were removed, so that only the street name "Mühlendamm" reminds of the mill on site. The legend for the map for the district of Vechta does not provide any information about what station 17 is still on the map: Even the grain distillery with steam mill, which used to be part of the Goldenstedt farmers, is no longer there .
Most of the mills in Lower Saxony, however, which could not be saved from being demolished from 1998 onwards, have not received the status of a station on the road since the relevant section of the Lower Saxony Mill Road was established.
In 2016 Gerhard Ströhlein criticized that the “lack of cultural and historical awareness” of many local politicians was the main reason why the districts in southern Lower Saxony could not bring themselves to complete the Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse project with co-financing from the districts for which they were responsible .
Paradoxically, successes in tourism marketing occasionally turn against the efforts of the promoters of Mühlenstrasse. So argues z. B. the owner of the windmill in Oldendorf (Luhe) that he could no longer make his mill accessible to the public on the German Milling Day, as hygienic requirements did not allow the mill to be used as a mill producing company on just one day from Hundreds of visitors.
Organization and financing
The "Mühlenstrasse working group in the Mühlenvereinigung Niedersachsen-Bremen e. V. “The respective Lower Saxony Minister of Agriculture acts as patron . The road is supported nationwide by local and regional sponsoring and development associations. The AG Mühlenstrasse is also responsible for the development and connection of areas in Lower Saxony that have not yet been developed.
The maintenance of the already developed sections of the Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse is now the responsibility of the “Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse Foundation”, established in 2010.
The Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse was initially financially supported with funds from the LEADER II program of the European Union . Until today it has been continuously co-financed by grants from the EU and the state of Lower Saxony.
The Lower Saxony Mill Road leads to mills in Lower Saxony and the neighboring federal states
Lüneburg Heath region
- District of Celle
- Gifhorn district
- Harburg district
- District of Stade
- Lüchow-Dannenberg district
- District of Lüneburg
- Heidekreis district
- District of Uelzen
Region between Harz and Heide
Region between Weser and Hunte
Region between the North Sea, Elbe and Weser
- District of Cuxhaven
- Osterholz district
- Rotenburg (Wümme) district
- District of Stade
- Verden district
Oldenburger Münsterland and Wildeshauser Geest region
East Frisia region
- Ammerland district
- Aurich district
- City of Emden
- District of Friesland
- District of Leer
- Wesermarsch district
- City of Wilhelmshaven
- Wittmund district
Other regions of Lower Saxony
- County of Grafschaft Bentheim
- Emsland district
- District of Osnabrück and City of Osnabrück
- Hanover region
- District of Hildesheim and City of Hildesheim
Outside of Lower Saxony there are the following mills, which are part of the Lower Saxony Mill Road:
In the state of Bremen
- Four windmills in the city of Bremen
Herdentorswallmühle (Lower Saxony Mill Road No. 41)
Horner Mühle (Lower Saxony Mill Road No. 42)
Oberneulander Mühle (Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse No. 43)
Arberger Mühle (Lower Saxony Mill Road No. 44)
- A windmill in the city of Bremerhaven
- Two watermills in Abbenrode
- A windmill in Lauenburg
- A watermill in Brahlstorf
The mill locations outside of Lower Saxony offer themselves as connection points of mill roads in the respective countries within the framework of the “Via Molina” project, a route network that is to extend through the whole of Germany in the future. Conversely, three mills in the Nienburg district are also stations on a side route of the Westphalian Mühlenstraße .
Presentation of individual mills
Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse No. 65
International Wind and Water Mill Museum Gifhorn
On the 16-hectare site of the International Wind and Water Mill Museum in Gifhorn, there are 16 rebuilt or replicated mills in a landscape that is typical of their origin. There are numerous mill models in an exhibition hall. On the site there is a village square with half-timbered houses (Niedersachsenhaus) and a Russian stave church.
Windmill Eyendorf (Harburg district)
Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse No. 24
The windmill was built in 1897 by the mill builder miner from Salzhausen as a Dutchman with a one-story substructure west of Eyendorf on the Hohe Geest . In 1911 a diesel engine was installed to increase the propulsion power. The mill is equipped with louvre flap blades and a double wind rose . In 1972 the cap was thrown off by a hurricane. The mill was not rebuilt until 1981 by the "Association for the Preservation of Eyendorfer Windmühle e. V. “, so that commercial grinding operations could be maintained until the end of the 1980s. In May 1998, a spruce wood wing broke during a mill festival. The pitchpine wings, which were replaced in the same year, had to be replaced by steel rods in 2000. The mill is used as a museum mill and is in operation on set dates. A mill festival takes place every year on the last Saturday in May.
Garlstorf windmill (Harburg district)
Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse No. 37
The Garlstorf windmill is a Dutch gallery with a two-story brick substructure and a four-story, very slim octagon covered with slate and was built in 1865 by the Benecke brothers from Kirchgellersen . The waisted shape of the octagon should reduce wind turbulence on the wings and thus ensure better use of the wind. The mill was initially operated by Herrmann Benecke, but then went through various changes of ownership. It was acquired in 1920 by the mill owner Heinrich Bornemann from Luhmühlen , who converted it into a motor mill in 1924 and enlarged the mill building in 1934. In 1964, the mill was operated with three roller mills and one shot gallery . After that, it was gradually shut down with further changes of ownership and converted into a residential mill. The internal mill technology has been removed. The current owner carried out extensive restoration work and restored the mill with blades and a compass rose. The current state of the mill: The cap, which is covered with wooden shingles and provided with an additional gallery, as well as the wing cross are fixed. The pierced, cast iron shaft head indicates that originally there were louvre flap wings. The chest piece and the rods of the current winged cross are made as single layers of wood that are held together by steel clamps.
Handorf windmill (Lüneburg district)
Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse No. 3
Gallery Dutch built by Müller and Mühlenbauer Jürgen Meyer for his son Georg in Handorf in 1868/69 with a two-story brick substructure. The octagonal mill body is covered with thatch . Georg Meyer built a suction gas engine in 1907 . In 1921 the mill was equipped with a roller mill , a grist and a grinding gear through a complete renovation of the technical equipment . In the 1960s, Gerhard Meyer, the last of the Handorf mill dynasty, shut down the mill and sold it. After several changes of ownership, the current owner acquired the mill in 1983 and converted it into a residential mill. The wooden wings, renewed in 1989, broke off by spring storms in 1998 and were replaced by steel rods in 2000.
The mill can be viewed from the outside.
Windmill Hittbergen (Lüneburg district)
Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse No. 13
The villages on the left side of the Elbe lying to Hittbergen originally subject to the Mahlzwang the Lauenburger mill . As it was often difficult or impossible to cross the river, the inhabitants of these places often had mills on the left bank of the Elbe milled. In 1726 the miller from Lauenburg, Johann Schoel, built a post mill on what was left of a former Elbe dike in Hittbergen. In 1807 the post mill was replaced by a Dutch mill. However, this burned down in 1886. As a result, the current gallery Dutch with a two-story substructure and four-story spacious octagon was built up to the cap from bricks. In 1951 the wind drive was switched to motor drive and in 1961 the mill was shut down. In 1998/99 the wing, cap and compass rose were extensively restored. The mill is currently used as a residential mill. The current state of the mill: The cap is covered with copper sheets, the wind rose wings are without function. The mill is designed with sail gate blades made of steel rods, although the pierced blade shaft and remnants of the old blade mechanics indicate that the mill was previously equipped with louvre flap blades .
The mill can be viewed from the outside. You may enter the property at your own risk.
Watermill Heiligenthal (Lüneburg district)
Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse No. 18
The watermill is located at the southern entrance to Heiligenthal, a district of Südergellersen and is operated with water from the dammed Hasenburger Bach. The site has been used as a mill site since the 14th century. The current mill was built in 1950 from rock blocks, brick and half-timbered houses. The water wheel was replaced by a turbine so that the daily output was increased to 5 t. Milling was stopped in 1981. The liquor license that has belonged to the mill since 1749 has been used since 1973 to gradually convert the mill yard into a restaurant. The barn belonging to the mill was converted into a restaurant, the mill building was set up as a hotel. The mill technology is largely preserved. The turbine is now used to generate electricity.
Industrial Museum Unterer Eisenhammer (district of Schaumburg)
Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse No. 13
The Lower Eisenhammer in the Exten district of the city of Rinteln has been a protected architectural and industrial monument since 2006 . The Untere Eisenhammer has been owned by the Kretzer family since it was founded in 1746. Until 2004, spades and hoes were forged here. The hammer building from 1900 has been preserved unchanged. The water wheels once ran on both sides of the building. The last waterwheel was removed in 1952 and the shaft closed. In 2005 the “Association for Home Care and Culture Exten e. V. “Building and inventory leased in order to preserve the industrial monument as a museum.
The complex has been a protected monument since 2006. In the historic iron hammer with its own power generation, pre-industrial tools and machines for forging from the time around the turn of the century are shown. The exhibition includes the completely preserved old and functional craft technology. The iron hammer can be visited.
Wehbers mill in Himmelpforten (district of Stade)
Wehbers mill, wind and water mill in Himmelpforten (district of Stade)
Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse no.11 and no.12
In 1653 the monastery bailiff Michael Wehber received the water mill in Himmelpforten as a fief. At that time the monastery water mill was closer to the old Heerstraße, today's federal highway. After the mill was demolished in 1739, it was rebuilt at its current location at the weir. The basis for the operation of the watermill was the damming right of the Mühlenbach, which was temporarily suspended in 1958 by contractual arrangements between the Kuhlaer Wassergenossenschaft and the mill owner.
In 1871 the four-story windmill was built in the style of a gallery dutchman to complement the existing water mill. The windmill had three grist passages, a grinding passage for fine milling and a pointed passage for peeling the grain. In addition, the windmill received a sifting machine that separated the flour from the switch parts with the help of sieves. Today, individual parts can still be admired as exhibits, and the mill is also a listed building.
The mills have been owned by the Wehber family for centuries, and now the 12th generation of Hans Wehber manages them. In 1971 the operation of the mill was stopped; today the building houses the garden and home improvement store Wehbers Mühle with a restaurant in the mill tower.
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- Verden district: In Müller's footsteps through the district. Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse leads to eleven mill locations in the district . Press release of March 1st, 2006 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Mühlenförderverein Lüneburg e. V .: We introduce ourselves ( Memento of the original from September 28, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Tourismusverband Stade: The Niedersächsische Mühlenstraße ( Memento of the original from March 22, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
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