|Height :||172 (136-176) m|
|Area :||7.52 km²|
|Residents :||494 (December 31, 2017)|
|Population density :||66 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||March 1, 1974|
|Postal code :||38162|
|Area code :||05306|
Location of Abbenrode in Cremlingen
The district lies at a height of 92 to at the north -western foot of the Elm between Braunschweig (14 km west of Abbenrode) and Königslutter (six kilometers east). The location is at an altitude of 136 to 176 m above sea level. NHN on Bundesstrasse 1 . The main town of Cremlingen is about five kilometers to the west and the district town of Wolfenbüttel is 15 km southwest of the town.
The total area of Abbenrode is 7.52 km² of which about 4 km² are agricultural areas.
Abbenrode was first mentioned in a document in 1086. The place name as -rode -Ort (1086: Abbenrothe , 1436 Abbenrode bi Destidde ) indicates that it is a planned clearing . It is likely that it is a church foundation of the Diocese of Halberstadt , which has existed since 804 . The name could have been given by the participation of an abbot , possibly from the Ilsenburg monastery . The parish church of Peter and Paul was probably built in the 15th century by those of Veltheim .
On March 1, 1974 Abbenrode was incorporated into the municipality of Cremlingen.
In August 2002 the place won the district competition of the federal competition Our village should be more beautiful for the sixth time since 1982 . In 1993 the village was placed in the national competition. Particularly impressive buildings are the Dreiseithöfe to the right and left of the Rodeweg and the private museum of Hans Becker with agricultural implements from the old days.
On December 13, 2008, a 280-page chronicle of the village was officially presented by the home keeper in the village community center .
Bernhard Brockmann (Greens) has been the local mayor since 2011.
coat of arms
Abbenrod's coat of arms is divided: it shows a half, soaring, golden lion at the top in blue, the shape of which is matched to the lion of the Cremlinger municipal coat of arms. Below are four windmill blades on gold. The blue / gold color indicates that it belongs to the former state of Braunschweig.
Culture and sights
In Abbenrode there is a windmill , first mentioned in 1775 , which was only rebuilt in 1878 after the fire of 1779. The last miller was Erich Röhl († 1980), who was probably the last windmill miller in the Braunschweig region. He gave guided tours for windmill fans well into old age. On May 23, 2011, the section "Between Harz and Heide" of the Lower Saxony Mill Road was officially opened at the Abbenroder windmill.
Economy and Infrastructure
In the vicinity of Abbenrode, the Bundespost / Deutsche Telekom operated a large transmission system for medium wave from 1962 , with three self- radiating transmission masts isolated from earth , which were 188 meters, 137 meters and 99 meters high. In 1962, a 100-kilowatt transmitter on the frequency 756 kHz went into operation first, which used the 137-meter-high transmitter mast as a transmitting antenna. In 1963, its transmission power was increased to 200 kilowatts.
In 1964/65 a second antenna system consisting of two transmission masts was built. One of these transmission masts was a 240-meter-high tubular steel mast, which was used to broadcast the Deutschlandfunk program on the frequency 548 kHz with an output of 400 kilowatts (from October 1, 1967 800 kilowatts). The second mast was a guyed steel lattice mast which, together with the 240 meter high transmission mast, formed a directional antenna during the night with a radiation minimum in a south-easterly direction in order to avoid interference from other transmitters operating on the same frequency. Due to the requirements of the Geneva Wave Plan 1974/75, transmission had to be stopped on the frequency 548 kHz. In return, the transmission power on the other frequency, the value of which had to be changed from 755 kHz to 756 kHz due to the new channel grid , could be increased to 800 kilowatts during the day. During the night, however, the output had to be reduced to 200 kilowatts and a fade-out in a south-easterly direction carried out in order to avoid co-channel interference with a Romanian transmitter. For this purpose, the heights of the antenna supports erected in 1964/65 were reduced in 1978, namely that of the 240 meter high tubular mast to a height of 188 meters and that of the reflector mast to 99 meters. The 137 meter mast erected in 1962 remained unchanged and served only as a reserve antenna from now until 2001.
Until the mid-1990s, 800 kilowatts of power were transmitted during the day and 200 kilowatts at night. Since the mid-1990s, transmission has been carried out around the clock with an output of 200 kilowatts, although it still has to be faded out in the southeast direction during the night. From 2001 to 2003 the program of Megaradio was broadcast on the frequency of 630 kHz via the 137 meter high reserve broadcast mast. From April 4, 2003, this mast only served as a reserve antenna.
The transmitter was shut down on December 31, 2015 and blown up on January 29, 2018.
- Cremlingen, population on December 31, 2017 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 267 .
- Abbenrode coat of arms ( Memento from March 14, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Routes to 32 mills in the Braunschweiger Land . “Braunschweiger Zeitung” from May 23, 2011
- Time travel country Braunschweiger Land . "Braunschweigerland.org" from May 2011