Wesermarsch district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Wesermarsch district Map of Germany, position of the Wesermarsch district highlighted

Coordinates: 53 ° 21 '  N , 8 ° 23'  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
Administrative headquarters : Brake (Lower Weser)
Area : 822.01 km 2
Residents: 88,583 (Dec 31, 2019)
Population density : 108 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : BRA
Circle key : 03 4 61
Circle structure: 9 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Poggenburger Strasse 15
26919 Brake (Unterweser)
Website : www.landkreis-wesermarsch.de
District Administrator : Thomas Brückmann ( independent )
Location of the Wesermarsch district in Lower Saxony
Landkreis Göttingen Landkreis Holzminden Landkreis Schaumburg Landkreis Goslar Region Hannover Landkreis Hildesheim Salzgitter Landkreis Wolfenbüttel Braunschweig Landkreis Wolfenbüttel Landkreis Peine Landkreis Hameln-Pyrmont Landkreis Helmstedt Wolfsburg Landkreis Gifhorn Landkreis Nienburg/Weser Landkreis Northeim Landkreis Diepholz Freie Hansestadt Bremen Freie Hansestadt Bremen Hamburg Hamburg Königreich der Niederlande Nordrhein-Westfalen Hessen Thüringen Schleswig-Holstein Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Brandenburg Sachsen-Anhalt Osnabrück Landkreis Osnabrück Delmenhorst Oldenburg (Oldb) Landkreis Wesermarsch Landkreis Vechta Landkreis Emsland Landkreis Grafschaft Bentheim Landkreis Leer Emden Landkreis Leer Landkreis Cloppenburg Landkreis Ammerland Wilhelmshaven Mellum Landkreis Aurich Landkreis Aurich Landkreis Wittmund Landkreis Aurich Landkreis Friesland Landkreis Oldenburg Landkreis Cuxhaven Landkreis Osterholz Landkreis Verden Landkreis Stade Landkreis Harburg Landkreis Lüneburg Landkreis Lüchow-Dannenberg Landkreis Heidekreis Landkreis Uelzen Landkreis Celle Landkreis Rotenburg (Wümme)map
About this picture

The district of Wesermarsch is located in northwest Lower Saxony and comprises the area west of the Weser between Bremen and the mouth of the Weser. Its county seat is Brake , while the largest city is Nordenham .


Physical geography

The Wesermarsch lies in the north German lowlands . The area of ​​the Wesermarsch landscape largely coincides with that of the district of the same name . However, the landscape is larger than the district. The Geestrand is the border to the Wesermarsch in the west and in the south in the Ammerland and Oldenburg districts , and the Wesermarsch landscape also includes areas to the right of the Weser, v. a. the historical landscape of Osterstade . The Wesermarsch also protrudes a good bit into the city of Bremen in the southeast .

The predominant landscape type is the marsh , two thirds of which is below the mean flood water level and is protected from flooding by dykes that separate the entire district from the water of the Weser, the North Sea and the Jadebusen. In the west the march connects to the Geest . The "Geest-Abbruch" is located on the B 211 in Loyermoor, bridging a height difference of a good 30 meters.

There are also various moors distributed over the district . B. the so-called floating moor on the Jadebusen in the district Sehestedt of the municipality Jade , as an outstanding natural monument of the unique kind. In the southwest are the Rockenmoor and the Grasmoor , in the middle of the district the Frieschenmoor and in the west at Jade the Kreuzmoor . The whole district is criss-crossed by extensive drainage channels and ditches.

The Huntes Barrage at the mouth of the Hunte (front) into the Weser (back)

The Hunte flows from Oldenburg coming to the district and flows Elsfleth into the Weser . At the mouth there is the Huntes barrier , which was built to protect against flooding .

Cultural geography

The Oldenburg Wesermarsch consists of the Frisian populated areas of the Stadland and Butjadingens in the north and the Oldenburg Stedingen in the south. With its marshland, the Wesermarsch was and is particularly well suited for cattle and horse breeding. In the past, this made the Wesermarsch one of the wealthiest areas in the whole of the Oldenburger Land. Accordingly, the rich march farmers have provided their houses of worship with altarpieces, pulpits, baptismal fonts and organs in keeping with their rank.

Neighboring areas

The county borders in the clockwise direction in the northwest starting at the Jade Bay and the Inner Jade , to the Wadden Sea between Innenjade and Außenweser beyond the Weser to the independent city Bremerhaven and the districts Cuxhaven and Osterholz and to the city of Bremen (such as Bremerhaven to the country Bremen belonging ), to the independent city of Delmenhorst , to the district of Oldenburg , to the independent city of Oldenburg (Oldb) and to the districts of Ammerland and Friesland .


Landscape history

Since around 6000 BC The course of the North Sea coastline is determined by the alternation of phases of flooding ( transgression ) and phases of subsidence ( regression ) of the sea level. While the marshland was hardly habitable during the flood phases, it could be settled and cultivated in the rest phases. In such a lowering phase z. B. the settlement at the Hahnenknooper mill around 900 BC. Created. The water of the Weser and its left tributaries was able to spread widely in the not yet diked marsh. Only in a slow transgression phase that started again in the following centuries was the river marsh more frequently flooded by salt water, which deteriorated the soil and drinking water quality, so that the settlements north of the Hunte had to be abandoned.

Since the 2nd century the inhabitants of the Wesermarsch started to protect themselves against the floods of the sea and the Weser by means of Wurten , later also by dikes . The shape of the Wesermarsch landscape was radically changed by the inrushes of the sea in the high and late Middle Ages: Butjadingen temporarily became an island, in the south of which the Heete connected the Jade Bay that was forming with the Weser. A second connection also made the Stadland an island; it ran from the east of the Jadebusen over the Ahne and the Lockfleth to the Weser south of Brake. A third island in the Weser Delta was west of Ahne or Lockfleth; in the west it was bounded by the Frisian Balge, an arm of the sea that occupied today's bed of the jade , in the south by the Liene, a river that connected the jade with the Weser and flowed north of Elsfleth into the Weser (at high tide) or emanated from her at low tide.

From the 16th century, a continuous band of dikes was built along the Weser, the Inner Jade and the Jade Bay. The last gap was closed in 1725 at the floating moor on the Jade Bay. The inlets between Jade and Weser were cut off from the influx of water from the North Sea and the Weser. Some of the waters silted up by themselves, some were dismantled into small drainage canals, and some were filled in. In this way, north of the Hunte and south of Langwarden, a contiguous area of ​​land between Jade or Jadebusen and Weser was created.

Political history

The Hartwarder Friese

Roman sources already speak of Chauken , who populated the coastal area between the Weser and Ems. Tecelia is known as the Chauken trading center in the Wesermarsch near the mouth of the Huntes. From 250 AD many Chauken left their Wurten in the Wesermarsch as a reaction to a rise in sea level. The areas that became free were settled by Frisians from 400 onwards.

To the west of the mouth of the Weser, the Gau Rüstringen emerged , the eastern part of which today forms the north of the Wesermarsch. Since the 10th century, the residents of Rüstringen have secured the fertile marshland with earth walls in front of the sea. The churches in Rüstringen, built in the 11th century, testify to the considerable prosperity and the preserved freedom of the Frisians. In the Middle Ages, huge storm surges caused profound changes in the course of the coast. The attempt of the Counts of Oldenburg to get the northern Wesermarsch under their control initially failed. Only an allied Braunschweig-Oldenburg army succeeded in defeating the Wesermarsch-Frisians in 1514 in the battle of the Hartwarder Landwehr near Rodenkirchen .

Little is known about the history of Stedingen in the early Middle Ages. In 783, Bishop Willehad was given the task of Christianizing the coastal areas west of the Weser. In 1062 the Archbishop of Bremen, Adalbert, had the "uninhabited area" between "Aldenabrock" (Oldenburg) and Bremen transferred as possession. After 1062 Stedingen was gradually (re) populated. Initially, the Saxons founded settlements from neighboring Geest areas along the Weser above the Hune estuary and the Ollen . From 1106 Dutch were brought to Stedingen. The colonizers received privileges that were comparable to those in the northern settlement areas of the Frisians. At the beginning of the 13th century, there were conflicts with the Archbishop of Bremen, which led to the Stinging War. In the battle of Altenesch in 1234 the Stedinger lost their freedom.

Together with the Oldenburg family, the entire Wesermarsch belonged to Denmark from 1667 to 1773 . From 1774 the Wesermarsch was under the rule of the Duchy of Oldenburg . The administrative reform of 1814 eliminated the counts' bailiwicks as well as the cantons from the French occupation (1811/1813).

Administrative history

Since 1879, the area of ​​today's district was divided into the three Oldenburg offices of Brake , Butjadingen and Elsfleth . In 1933 these three offices, the Altenesch municipality from the Delmenhorst office and the Jade and Schweiburg municipalities from the Varel office were merged to form the new Wesermarsch office . At the same time, many of the old communities were merged into new large communities, including Altenesch and Berne to form the community of Stedingen .

In 1937, the city ​​of Wilhelmshaven ceded the Eckwarderhörn settlement to the Butjadingen municipality of the Wesermarsch office. On January 1, 1939, the Wesermarsch district became the Wesermarsch district , which in 1946, together with the state of Oldenburg, became part of the newly established state of Lower Saxony. Most of the large communities formed in 1933 were split up again in 1948 into smaller communities.

The regional reform in Lower Saxony created the current layout of the Wesermarsch district on March 1, 1974:

  • The municipality of Landwürden , located on the east bank of the Weser , left the district and was incorporated into the municipality of Loxstedt in the Wesermünde district.
  • The district border between the districts of Wesermarsch and Wesermünde was moved continuously to the middle of the river Weser. As a result, among other things, the river island Harriersand came completely to the Wesermünde district.
  • Through various mergers, the number of communities in the Wesermarsch district has been reduced to nine. The changes to the structure of the municipalities during the regional reforms of 1948 and 1972 are shown in the following overview:
Organization of the Wesermarsch district
1933-1948 1948-1974 today
Brake Brake Brake
Butjadingen 1 Burhave Butjadingen
Nordenham Nordenham Nordenham
Remove Remove
Seefeld Stadland
Rodenkirchen Sweat
Ovelgönne Ovelgönne Ovelgönne
Moorriem Oldenbrok
Moorriem Elsfleth
Elsfleth Elsfleth
jade jade jade
Stedingen Berne Berne
Altenesch 2 Lemwerder
Land dignities 3 Land dignities (to Loxstedt )
1 The municipality of Butjadingen was called Burhave until 1935
2 Altenesch was renamed Lemwerder in 1972 .
3 The municipality of Landwürden was called Dedesdorf until 1935

Population development

year Residents source
1933 67,421
1939 71,440
1950 112,549
1960 96,700
1970 98,000
1980 92,800
1990 90,413
2000 94.084
2010 90,772

(from 1987 to December 31st)


Turnout: 51.8% (2011: 51.7%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
-0.5  % p
-3.3  % p
-4.7  % p.p.
+ 3.0  % p
+ 0.8  % p
+ 6.1  % p.p.
-0.7  % p
Distribution of seats in the district council
16 4th 12 
A total of 42 seats

District council

As a result of the election result opposite, the district council is composed as follows:

Parties and constituencies Percent
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 37.3 16 37.8 16 42.4 18th 47.1 21st
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 28.2 12 31.3 13 33.4 14th 35.1 16
Green Alliance 90 / The Greens 10.0 4th 14.7 6th 6.3 2 6.3 2
UW Independent voting community Wesermarsch (UW) 8.3 3 5.3 2 6.4 3 - -
FDP Free Democratic Party 7.3 3 6.5 3 11.5 5 10.6 4th
AfD Alternative for Germany 6.1 3 - - - - - -
left The left 2.9 1 3.6 2 - - - -
BfB The Berne Citizens' Forum for the Wesermarsch district - - 0.7 - - - - -
Flat share Voter communities - - - - - - 0.9 -
total 100 42 100 42 100 42 100 43
Turnout in percent 51.8 51.7 52.2 54.3
  • since the electoral communities for 2001 cannot be broken down, the result is listed separately.
  • In addition to the elected members of the district council, the district administrator belongs to the district council.

District Administrator

Since October 1, 2013, the former mayor of Ovelgönne, Thomas Brückmann, has been district administrator. In the direct election on September 22, 2013, he received 54.10 percent of the votes cast. The turnout was 66.73 percent. His predecessor Michael Höbrink (SPD) did not stand for re-election.

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the district was approved as a national emblem on February 2, 1953. It shows two red bars on the left of the coat of arms in gold (former Duchy of Oldenburg ) and on the top right in silver a green medieval cog with green pennants and billowing sails on three masts and below it in green a silver Friesian warrior with a round shield and spear. A statue of the warrior ( Hartwarder Friese ) stands in the Rodenkirchen district of Hartwarden. The motto is " Lewer dod as Sklav " ("Better dead than slave").

District finances

The Wesermarsch district was in debt with 396.7 million euros at the end of 2012. This corresponds to the third highest per capita debt of all districts in Germany.

Sights and culture


Old hairdressing salon from Berne in the Ovelgönne handicraft museum
  • Corporation of the Oldenburg landscape for the maintenance and promotion of cultural and historical concerns



Optical telegraph in Brake


The Moorseer Mühle


  • Museum Moorseer Mühle - last fully functional gallery Dutch windmill in the district. As a special feature, the mill has a double compass rose, whichis paintedin the old Oldenburg national colors.
  • Museum Nordenham - city history exhibition, a. a. with two versions of the "brother kiss" picture by H. Zieger (1910)
  • Historic department store Abbehausen - not a static museum with a mere exhibition, but still a real department store with over 3,000 products
  • Military history museum "Alter Flakleitstand"
In the historical building ensemble from the Second World War, the bombing war is discussed, especially the effects in the Lower Weser region. One of the largest private military history collections is also on display.


  • Craft Museum Ovelgönne - In the small chambers of the listed town house from 1773, old crafts from the Wesermarsch are shown. The over 500 year old place is the historical center of the Wesermarsch. Today you can use the Ovelgönner time crank in the museum to go back to these times.



  • Flieger-Horst-Museum, deals with the history of aircraft construction in the municipality of Lemwerder


In the large hall of the Friedeburg town hall in Nordenham, various guest theaters show performances, including a. from the Oldenburg State Theater .


  • Low German theater "De Plattdüütschen"
  • Theater fatal
  • Theater group Phiesewarden


  • Low German stage Brake


  • Stadland open-air spectacle



Regular major events

Roonkarker Mart
  • Roonkarker Mart - annual market in Stadland-Rodenkirchen, the "fifth season" in the district
  • “Brake celebrates !!!” - The city festival
  • Fish market in Nordenham-Großensiel
  • Cutter regatta in Butjadingen-Fedderwardersiel
  • Ovelgönner horse market every 1st Monday in September
  • TIDES - art and culture week in Butjadingen
  • Kite festival in Butjadingen-Tossens
  • Kites over Lemwerder on the Ritzenbütteler Sand
  • Fonsstock Festival on the Weserstrand in Nordenham
  • WaterQuake Festival in the stadium in Brake
  • Maritime School Festival Elsfleth
  • Totally planned in the Brake Sports Hall, every six months


Inauguration of the Weser Tunnel


The main traffic routes in the district are


Although the district used to belong to the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, it was the Prussian State Railroad that brought the first railway into the district in 1867 near Jaderberg with its Oldenburg – Wilhelmshaven line.

The Oldenburg State Railway followed in 1873 with the main line Hude – Brake, which was extended to Nordenham in 1875 and as a branch line to Blexen in 1905.

The cross connections to the main line Oldenburg – Wilhelmshaven, which were opened between Brake and Oldenburg ( rubber railway) in 1896 and between Rodenkirchen and Varel in 1913 , branched off from here.

The Butjadingen peninsula was opened up in 1908/09 by a Nordenham – Eckwarderhörne small railway, which the Butjadingen District Association had built and operated as the Butjadinger Railway .

Finally , in 1922, the Deutsche Reichsbahn added the Delmenhorst – Lemwerder branch line to the network, which served freight traffic until 1998.

Nordenham station with the Butjadinger Bahn - historical postcard motif (excerpt)

From 1956, 80 km of the total 126 km of passenger traffic were closed:

  • 1956: Nordenham – Burhave – Eckwarderhörne, 30 km
  • 1958: Varel – Diekmannshausen – Rodenkirchen, 17 km
  • 1961: Oldenburg Hbf – Großenmeer – Brake, 19 km
  • 1962: Delmenhorst - Altenesch - Lemwerder, 7 km
  • 1980: Nordenham – Nordenham-Blexen, 7 km

Until mid-December 2010, Deutsche Bahn AG only regularly operated the 46 km long Hude – Berne – Elsfleth – Brake – Nordenham line with six stations. The line has been integrated into the network of the regional S-Bahn Bremen / Lower Saxony operated by Nordwestbahn since mid-December 2010 . Museum trains operated by Delmenhorst-Harpstedter Eisenbahn GmbH (DHE) operated at irregular intervals on the route between Lemwerder and Delmenhorst until the end of 2009 .


The district is located on the waterways of the Weser that are deep to sea. There are port facilities in Nordenham-Blexen, Nordenham, Brake, Elsfleth and Lemwerder. The port facilities are connected to the rail network.

Lift bridge over the Hunte at Huntebrück

With the Weser tunnel near Stadland- Kleinensiel there is a permanent connection to the right bank of the Weser and the A 27 .

In the area of ​​the district there are the following ferry connections over the Weser:

The former ferry connection Kleinensiel –Dedesdorf was abandoned in the course of the construction of the Weser tunnel in 2004. From Eckwarderhörne there is temporarily a passenger ferry connection to Wilhelmshaven .

In the Wesermarsch district, the Hunte can only be crossed by motor vehicle at Huntebrück. There is a lift bridge there .


Zwischenahner Meer Bremen Bremerhaven Delmenhorst Landkreis Ammerland Landkreis Cloppenburg Landkreis Cuxhaven Landkreis Friesland Landkreis Oldenburg Landkreis Osterholz Landkreis Wittmund Oldenburg (Oldenburg) Wilhelmshaven Berne Brake (Unterweser) Butjadingen Elsfleth Jade (Gemeinde) Lemwerder Nordenham Ovelgönne StadlandMunicipalities in BRA.svg
About this picture

The number of inhabitants on December 31, 2019 in brackets.

Unified municipalities

  1. Bern (6889)
  2. Brake (Unterweser) , district town (14,860)
  3. Butjadingen [seat: Burhave] (6049)
  4. Elsfleth , City (9114)
  5. Jade (5830)
  6. Lemwerder (7122)
  7. Nordenham , city, independent municipality (26,139)
  8. Ovelgönne [seat: Oldenbrok-Mittelort] (5176)
  9. Stadland [seat: Rodenkirchen] (7404)

Until the territorial reform of 1974, the places of the then municipality Landwürden on the eastern side of the Weser belonged to the district, as well as Germany's largest river island , the Harriersand , which served as an interim storage facility for US resettlers (via Bremerhaven ). The territorial reform separated the centuries-old joint affiliation of this island and the municipality of land dignity to the former Grand Duchy of Oldenburg and later the administrative district of Oldenburg .

Clubs, miscellaneous

  • Naturschutzverein Nordenham and northern Wesermarsch from 1978 as a district group of the Biological Protection Association Hunte-Weser-Ems based in Wardenburg
  • Wesermarsch district group of the Federation for the Environment and Nature Conservation Germany (BUND) from 1985 with its seat in the Iffens ecological station ( Butjadingen )
  • Wesermarsch district group of the German Nature Conservation Union (NABU) in Brake
  • Schützenbund Wesermarsch as an umbrella organization of 20 shooting clubs
  • Rüstringer Heimatbund (RHB) in Nordenham
  • Stork care station Wesermarsch , species protection, nature protection, meadow habitats
  • Partnership agreement from 1989 with the Russian city of Voronezh, 600 km south of Moscow, including a youth exchange program

Protected areas

In addition to landscape protection areas and natural monuments, there are ten designated nature protection areas in the district (as of February 2017).

See also:

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinguishing mark BRA (Brake) when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today.


  • Klaus Dede: Wesermarsch. Verlag Atelier im Bauernhaus, Fischerhude 1982, ISBN 3-88132-122-5 .
  • Ingo Hashagen, Gerd Müller (texts): The Wesermarsch looking back on old postcards. Verlag Atelier im Bauernhaus, Fischerhude, ISBN 3-88132-113-6 .
  • Rudolf Bernhardt : 50 years of the Wesermarsch district 1933–1983. A time-critical consideration. Holzberg, 1986, ISBN 3-87358-270-8 .
  • Ingo Hashagen: When the wings were still turning ... The history of the former windmills and the only water mill in the Wesermarsch. Verlag Atelier im Bauernhaus, Fischerhude 1986, ISBN 3-88132-112-8 .
  • Wendula Dahle (Ed.): In the land of moors and dykes. Excursions left and right of the Weser. A travel and reading book. Bremen 1998, ISBN 3-86108-466-X (352 pages with numerous illustrations).
  • Uta Theilen, Photography: Helmut Behrends: The Wesermarsch - A journey through Butjadingen and along the Weser . Soltau-Kurier-Norden, 2007, ISBN 978-3-939870-43-2 .

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Wesermarsch  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. Leenert Cornelius: Coastal Protection and Water Management in the Wesermarsch ( Memento of the original from August 25, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.landkreis-wesermarsch.de
  3. ^ Kulturportal Nordwest: Churches in the Oldenburg Wesermarsch
  4. ^ Förderverein Bronzezeithaus Hahnenknoop eV Bronzezeithaus Hanenknoop. The discovery of the oldest settlement in the march on the German North Sea coast from around 900 BC ( Memento of the original from August 25, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.bronzezeithaus.de
  5. ^ Geodata portal Lower Saxony: Wurten and dykes
  6. Dietrich Hagen: Der Naturraum ( Memento of the original dated February 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 725 kB). In: Dietrich Hagen / Heinrich Schmidt / Günter König: Oldenburg. Land between the North Sea and Dammer Mountains . Hanover. Lower Saxony State Center for Political Education 1999, p. 30 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / nibis.ni.schule.de
  7. Ludwig Kohli: Handbook of a historical-statistical-geographical description of the Duchy of Oldenburg together with the inheritance of Jever, and the two principalities of Lübeck and Birkenfeld . Bremen, Wilhelm Kaiser 1823, pp. 59–77
  8. Ulf Neundorfer: Stedingen in the mirror of history
  9. Landkreis Wesermarsch: The Wesermarsch ( Memento of the original from May 14, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.landkreis-wesermarsch.de
  10. Oldenburg law for the simplification and cheaper administration of April 27, 1933
  11. ^ Law on the formation of new communities in the Lower Saxony administrative district of Oldenburg of April 26, 1948
  12. a b c d e f Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. wesermarsch.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  13. Municipality of Lemwerder: Development of Lemwerder development ( Memento of the original from August 12, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.lemwerder.de
  14. Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1972
  15. Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1981
  16. a b c d LSKN-Online
  17. ^ Result of the 2016 local elections
  18. Preliminary results of district elections ( Memento of September 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Result of the 2011 local elections
  19. ^ [1] Result of the local election 2006
  20. [2] Result of the 2001 local elections
  21. Debt ranking of the 295 districts in Germany, report from August 3, 2014
  22. Freilichtspektakel Stadland eV: The battle of the Hartwarde Landwehr ( Memento of the original from October 21, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.freilichtspektakel.de
  23. The big city festival with a fair
  24. Fonsstock e. V .: Fonsstock Festival on the Weserstrand ( memento of the original from August 11, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / fonsstock.jimdo.com
  25. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  26. ^ Stork care station Wesermarsch: Welcome to the stork station
  27. Landkreis Wesermarsch: partnership between the Wesermarsch and Voronezh. Retrieved October 5, 2017 .