District of Diepholz
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Administrative headquarters :||Diepholz|
|Area :||1,988.14 km 2|
|Residents:||217,089 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||109 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||DH, SY|
|Circle key :||03 2 51|
|Circle structure:||45 parishes|
|Address of the
|District Administrator :||Cord Bockhop ( CDU )|
|Location of the district of Diepholz in Lower Saxony|
The district of Diepholz borders in a clockwise direction in the north with the city of Bremen , the districts Verden and Nienburg / Weser (both in Lower Saxony), the district Minden-Lübbecke (in North Rhine-Westphalia), the districts Osnabrück , Vechta and Oldenburg as well to the independent city of Delmenhorst (all in Lower Saxony).
In the district of Diepholz there are not only the four EU bird protection areas "Diepholzer Moorniederung", "Dümmer", "Kuppendorfer Böhrde" and " Oppenweher Moor " among others 49 nature reserves . The largest is the Northern Wietingsmoor and has an area of 1,599 hectares , the smallest is the black-headed gull colony Stelle with an area of two hectares.
- See also
- List of nature reserves in the Diepholz district
- List of landscape protection areas in the Diepholz district
- List of natural monuments in the Diepholz district
- List of protected landscape components in the Diepholz district
- List of EU bird protection areas in Lower Saxony
During the district reform, which came into force on August 1, 1977, the district of Diepholz was created by merging the district of Grafschaft Diepholz with parts of the district of Grafschaft Hoya . Areas with the name Diepholz were previously the Diepholz district (1885 to 1932), the Diepholz office (until 1885) and the Diepholz county .
On November 1, 2011, the Engeln community became part of the newly formed area of Bruchhausen-Vilsen.
On November 1, 2016, Süstedt followed suit and also became part of the Bruchhausen-Vilsen area.
(as of December 31st)
The district council is composed as follows:
|Parties and constituencies||Percent
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||34.00||21st||37.66||23||42.87||27||41.4||27|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||28.11||17th||33.07||22 (21)||35.30||22nd||37.3||24|
|Green||Alliance 90 / The Greens||11.63||7th||15.22||9||8.45||5||7.4||4th|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||8.36||5||7.41||5||11.93||7th||12.4||8th|
|left||The left||2.47||2||2.10||0 (1)||1.11||1||-||-|
|FW||Free voter community in the Diepholz district||7.42||5||4.50||3||-||-||-||-|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||7.70||5||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|POLITICAL PARTY||Party for work, the rule of law, animal welfare, elite support and grassroots initiative||0.26||0||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Flat share||Groups of voters||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.5||-|
- Groups of voters, as the 2001 result cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.
- During the 2011–2016 electoral period, the left-wing member of the district council moved to the SPD.
- In addition to the elected members of the district council, the district administrator belongs to the district council.
- 1977–1986: Heinz Zurmühlen ( CDU )
- 1986–1996: Josef Meyer ( CDU )
- 1996-2001: Helmut Rahn ( CDU )
- 2001-31. October 2011: Gerd Stötzel (first directly elected, full-time district administrator; independent)
- since November 1, 2011: Cord Bockhop ( CDU )
Upper District Directors
- 1977–2001: Hans-Michael Heise (independent)
coat of arms
Blazon : In gold two red reinforced, perverted introverted black bear paws, linked below together by black pleura; in it a erect, blue-armored and blue-tongued red lion.
The “district administration” authority with its various specialist offices (“specialist services”) is largely housed in the district building in Diepholz. Smaller parts of the administration are still in the district building in Syke (Schloßweide / Amtshof) after the "Syke branch office" was closed in 2004. From 1977 to 2001 the head of administration was the Oberkreisdirektor (OKD). Since 2001 it has been the full-time district administrator elected by the population .
There are 68 public, one Catholic and some private schools (2015), including one in the district.
- 40 primary schools
- 4 + 2 special needs schools (in Diepholz, Sulingen, Syke, Weyhe and privately owned in Borstel and Freistatt)
- 1 secondary school (in Diepholz)
- 2 secondary schools (in Diepholz, Syke)
- 2 secondary schools and secondary schools (in Syke, Twistringen)
- 9 secondary schools (in Barnstorf [with high school offer], Bassum [with high school offer], Bruchhausen-Vilsen, Lemförde, Rehden, Schwaförden [with branch in Ehrenburg], Sulingen, Varrel, Wagenfeld)
- 5 grammar schools (in Bruchhausen-Vilsen, Diepholz , Sulingen, Syke and Catholic institutions in Twistringen )
- 4 cooperative comprehensive schools with all secondary school branches (two each in Stuhr and Weyhe )
- 2 vocational schools (in Diepholz [with branch in Sulingen], Syke)
- 4 independent schools (in Bassum, Bruchhausen-Vilsen, Syke)
see also: List of schools in Lower Saxony
as well as the
- District music school of the district of Diepholz (districts of Diepholz, Stuhr / Weyhe, Sulingen, Syke)
- Adult education center of the district of Diepholz (main office Syke)
- Private University of Economics and Technology (PHWT) (Diepholz)
Hospitals: The four hospitals in the Diepholz district in Bassum, Sulingen, Diepholz and Twistringen form the St. Ansgar Clinic Association .
Economy and Transport
The economic focus of the district is in the north in the suburb of Bremen. The largest municipalities / cities in the district are located here: Stuhr , Weyhe and Syke (city). There are several wholesale markets of well-known companies (e.g. IKEA ) in the extensive commercial areas . The south in the direction of Westphalia is rural, although the combined municipality of Altes Amt Lemförde has the highest job density thanks to the industrial companies ZF Friedrichshafen (formerly ZF Lemförder) and BASF Polyurethanes (formerly Elastogran).
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the district of Diepholz was ranked 223 out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix” for the future.
The federal motorway 1 runs through the northern district area from Bremen to Osnabrück, to which the federal motorway 28 (towards Oldenburg and the Netherlands ) is connected at the Stuhr motorway triangle. The following federal highways open up the district: Bundesstraße 6 (Bremen - Hanover), Bundesstraße 51 (Stuhr-Brinkum - Osnabrück), Bundesstraße 61 (Bassum - Minden), Bundesstraße 69 (Emstek-Schneiderkrug - Diepholz), Bundesstraße 214 (Lingen - Celle), Bundesstrasse 239 (Rehden - Herford), Bundesstrasse 322 (Delmenhorst - Weyhe-Erichshof), Bundesstrasse 439 (Stuhr-Heiligenrode - Stuhr-Fahrenhorst).
Today's road users can only guess how much traffic in the Diepholz district was hindered in earlier times by the size and variety of moorland areas in the district and on its borders. Even today, however, there are still no attractive alternative routes to the direct road connections on certain routes (such as the Aschen - Lohne route), which leads to long detours in the event of road closures.
Wanne-Eickel – Hamburg railway line
The district of Diepholz is crossed in a north-south direction by the main line Bremen - Osnabrück , which was put into operation in 1873 by the Cologne-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft as the Hamburg-Venloer Eisenbahn . Several important communities in the district, which is tailored to this main traffic axis, are located on it.
The only long-distance traffic stop is Diepholz . Since the discontinuation of the two-hour Interregio , individual Intercity and Intercity Express trains on line 30 have stopped at the edge of the day .
The Regional Express (RE) runs every hour between Osnabrück and Bremen with modern double-decker coaches; The RE stops within the district in Lemförde, Diepholz, Barnstorf, Twistringen, Bassum, Syke and Kirchweyhe.
The regional S-Bahn Bremen / Lower Saxony also runs every hour between Twistringen and Bremen . It serves the stations of Twistringen, Bassum, Bassum-Bramstedt, Syke, Syke-Barrien, Weyhe-Kirchweyhe and Weyhe-Dreye. Since the introduction of the first expansion stage of the S-Bahn on December 12, 2010, there has only been one regional train a day from Bremen to Osnabrück.
In Bassum, the Prussian State Railways branched off another line in a southerly direction via Rahden to Bielefeld in Westphalia from 1900/01 , which crossed in Sulingen with the Nienburg – Diepholz line that was only opened by the Deutsche Reichsbahn in 1921–23 . The Bassum – Sulingen, Barenburg – Rahden and Sulingen – Nienburg sections have been closed and some of them are no longer passable after the points and track sections have been removed. In sections, the routes have even been built over by roads. At times there were considerations to reactivate this shortest rail connection between Bremen and Ostwestfalen-Lippe .
Today only the section Diepholz – Rehden (terminal of the company BTR-Logistik) –Sulingen (change of direction) –Barenburg (rail connection of the company BEB, crude oil and sulfur loading) is served. For this purpose, the creation of a bypass curve around Sulingen is planned so that the trains no longer have to change direction in the Sulingen station , which will be superfluous in the future, and the areas that are freed up can be used for other purposes. This would also make the aforementioned reactivation plans obsolete. However, the construction of this bypass curve has been delayed again and again for several years.
Private and small railways
In the former county of Hoya , three small railways supplemented the rail network:
Since 1900 the meter- gauge small railway Hoya-Syke-Asendorf ran from Syke in an easterly direction to Hoya on the Weser. After this merger with the Hoyaer Eisenbahn to form the Verkehrsbetriebe Grafschaft Hoya (VGH), the line was switched to standard gauge from 1963 to 1966, so that continuous train journeys from Syke to Eystrup are possible. Today it is fully operational again, is used more than 10 days a year as a museum route Kaffkieker and (in the western part only sporadically) for freight traffic. On the branching, narrow-gauge route Bruchhausen-Vilsen - Asendorf, the Deutsche Eisenbahn-Verein e. V. established the “first museum railway in Germany” with busy museum traffic.
In the vicinity of the city of Bremen there are several stations in the municipalities of Stuhr and Weyhe on the Bremen-Huchting - Thedinghausen line , which was built between 1908 and 1910 by the Bremisch-Hannoversche Kleinbahn AG . Currently there are only sporadic museum trips here, but part of the route is planned to be upgraded to a light rail.
In Stuhr there are also three stations of the Delmenhorst-Harpstedter Eisenbahn GmbH, which opened in 1912 as the Kleinbahn Delmenhorst-Harpstedt . Regular museum trips take place here.
The regular passenger traffic was completely stopped except for the main line Bremen - Osnabrück:
- 1955: Bremen-Huchting - Brinkum - Leeste - Thedinghausen
- 1959: Bruchhausen-Vilsen - Asendorf (meter gauge)
- 1966: Sulingen - Diepholz
- 1967: Delmenhorst - Harpstedt
- 1969: Nienburg - Harbergen-Staffhorst - Sulingen
- 1972: Hoya - Gehlbergen - Bruchhausen-Vilsen - Syke
- 1994: Rahden - Ströhen - Wagenfeld - Sulingen - Bassum
The regional association Weser-Hunte , the association " Art in the Province ", the local music school of the local district, the municipal culture officers within the cities and communities, the parishes, the district savings bank and private cultural initiatives (the culture and art association eV Bruchhausen-Vilsen (KuK), the local, environmental and cultural association "Eule" eV in Schwarme , the cultural association Sulingen eV, "Jazz Folk Klassik in Syke eV", " Rüttelschuh in der Wassermühle eV "in Syke-Barrien ," KunstVereinSyke eV "and others).
The district of Diepholz has been awarding the district of Diepholz's culture prize since 1989 in order to promote artists and cultural workers from the region or to recognize them for their life's work.
The " Kreisarchiv Landkreis Diepholz " is the administrative archive of the local district. It is, as it were, the “memory” in which the historical files (the archive material ) of the current district and its predecessors are properly archived - collected, sorted and arranged - for viewing by users. So are the District Archives records (since about 1770), maps, documents (since 1458), discounts and old editions of the national newspapers for research-pupils, students, scientists and authors available for inspection. These unique items - this cultural asset - have been housed since 2011 in the integrated community of Barnstorf , district of Eydelstedt , in the so-called Hülsmeyer Park.
In the district of Diepholz there are numerous museums with different sponsorships : District museum in Syke (sponsor: district Diepholz); Asendorf Automobile Museum ; Small Railway Museum and Germany's First Museum Railway Bruchhausen-Vilsen - Asendorf ; Bruchmühlen paper mill in Bruchhausen-Vilsen; Museum in the castle tower (Diepholz) , Aschen local history museum in Diepholz -Aschen; Dümmer Museum in Lembruch (sponsor: Diepholz district); Barn of the monastery mill in Stuhr -Heiligenrode; Museum at the Stadtsee in Sulingen ; Village museum in Syke- Henstedt; Museum of straw processing in Twistringen .
There are eight Jewish cemeteries in the Diepholz district: in Barenburg , Barnstorf , Bassum , Quernheim , Sulingen , Syke , Twistringen and Wagenfeld . They are cultural monuments that are worth protecting - stone witnesses to formerly existing Jewish communities and a lively Jewish community life up to the 1930s. The cemeteries are usually difficult to find, especially since they are mainly on the outskirts. There was also a Jewish cemetery in Diepholz , which was occupied until 1939. But it was devastated during the Nazi era and the tombstones were used to build roads .
(Residents on December 31, 2019)
1. Samtgemeinde Altes Amt Lemförde (8667)
2. Integrated community Barnstorf (12,180)
3. Joint community of Bruchhausen-Vilsen (17,447)
4. Integrated community Kirchdorf (7322)
5. Rehden municipality (6184)
6. Schwaförden municipality (6800)
7. Joint municipality of Siedenburg (4459)
|* Seat of the joint municipality administration|
In the area of the district, 209,955 inhabitants live on 1,987.64 km². That makes a population density of approx. 106 inhabitants per km².
On July 1, 1956, the district of Grafschaft Diepholz was assigned the distinctive symbol DH when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued in the Diepholz district to this day.
- Gerd Stötzel and Jörg Fenker (Red.): District of Diepholz / ed. in cooperation with the district administration . In: Portrait of German districts . Communication & Economy, Oldenburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-88363-284-1 (illustrated book).
- District of Diepholz. Habitat, administrative unit I. (Editor: Hans Gerke; Ed .: Landkreis Diepholz), Diepholz 1984, 239 pp.
- District of Diepholz. Habitat, administrative unit II. (Editor: Hans Gerke; Ed .: Landkreis Diepholz), Diepholz 1986, 303 pp.
- Hans Gerke : District of Diepholz between Weser and Dümmer. (Series: Culture and Landscape; Ed .: Fritz Elsholz), Essen 1983, 48 pp.
- Hermann Greve : Bibliography of the district of Diepholz including the joint communities Harpstedt (district Oldenburg), Eystrup and Grafschaft Hoya (district Nienburg) and Riede (joint community Thedinghausen, district Verden). (Ed .: Landkreis Diepholz), Syke and Diepholz 1984 - XXXVIII and 453 pages (with 3505 titles)
- Author collective: Between Weser and Hunte. A brief overview of the country for the districts of Diepholz and Nienburg / Weser. Nature - history - economy - art and culture - society. Ed .: Landschaftsverband Weser-Hunte eV, Diepholz and Nienburg / Weser 2016, ISBN 978-3-00-052125-6 .
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- nlwkn.niedersachsen.de district Diepholz at NLWKN
- nlwkn.niedersachsen.de New nature reserves from 2009 at NLWKN
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 218 f .
- Law on the regeneration of the Bruchhausen-Vilsen area, Diepholz district. 8 December 2010
- Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Heidelberg University: Chapter Diepholz district . In: Jewish cemeteries according to the current administrative structure - Lower Saxony ; in: Overview of all projects for the documentation of Jewish grave inscriptions in the area of the Federal Republic of Germany
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).