Association for the Environment and Nature Conservation Germany
|Federation for the Environment and Nature Conservation Germany
|legal form||registered association|
|founding||20th July 1975|
|founder||Bodo Manstein , Horst Stern , Bernhard Grzimek , Hubert Weinzierl , Gerhard Thielcke , Herbert Gruhl , Hubert Weiger , Enoch zu Guttenberg|
|Seat||Berlin ( )|
|motto||Protect the environment. Preserve nature.|
|main emphasis||Nature and environmental protection|
|sales||35,901,000 euros (2019)|
The Federation for Environment and Nature Conservation Germany e. V. ( Apronym BUND ) is a non-governmental environmental and nature conservation organization based in Berlin . He is the German member of the international nature conservation network Friends of the Earth .
The association was founded on July 20, 1975 as the “Bund Natur und Umwelt Deutschland e. V. ”was founded by 21 environmentalists , including Bodo Manstein (1st chairman), Horst Stern , Bernhard Grzimek , Hubert Weinzierl , Gerhard Thielcke , Herbert Gruhl , Hubert Weiger and Enoch zu Guttenberg in Marktheidenfeld with the significant help of the Federal Nature Conservation in Bavaria . In 1977 the association was renamed to its current name. The current chairman has been Olaf Bandt since November 9, 2019 .
With around 470,000 members (and around 180,000 donors) (as of 2019), the BUND is one of the largest environmental associations in Germany. It is recognized by the state as an environmental and nature conservation association (within the framework of the Federal Nature Conservation Act ) and must therefore be heard when interfering with the natural balance . He also has a collective action right from the Environmental Remedies Act.
In 2019, the total income amounted to 35.9 million euros. Donations - the association is recognized as non-profit - and membership fees make up more than two thirds of the total income.
For years, BUND has seen itself in the role of a critical admonisher and observer, uncovering deficits in environmental policy, doing political lobbying and educating the public. He asks, for example, how renewable energies can be expanded, how rivers and lakes can be protected from pollutants, how radiation exposure can be reduced and how nature conservation can be promoted. The association calls for a U-turn in agricultural policy . Actions and campaigns on a regional, national and international level led to the preservation of moor areas , mobilization against nuclear power and advertising for environmentally and health-friendly products.
The BUND is one of the 78 selected associations in Germany that are allowed to carry out a model declaratory action .
The BUND is organized on a federal basis. In addition to the federal association, there are 16 regional associations (the Bavarian regional association is called " Bund Naturschutz in Bayern eV") and over 2000 regional district and local groups that deal with local ecological problems. Voluntary specialist working groups at federal and state level deal, for example, with biotechnology and genetic engineering , soil protection , environmentally friendly energies, health and legal issues. In addition to the volunteers, there are a number of permanent employees, especially in the federal and state offices.
The oldest regional association in the federal association is the Bund Naturschutz in Bayern , which was founded in Munich in 1913 . The second oldest state association is the state association of Bremen, which emerged from the Bremer Naturschutzgesellschaft , which in turn emerged from a bird protection association founded in Bremen in 1914 .
The federal association and the regional associations are each independent associations , while the regional and local groups are purely legally part of their regional association. A member of the BUND is therefore always a member of both the federal association and the corresponding regional association. In addition to the "full members", the BUND knows the "supporting members" who donate regularly but do not take part in the association's democracy.
The association is organized internally from the bottom up, i. H. the members of an association level each elect the office holders and the representatives ( delegates ) for the next higher level from among their number; Members and delegate assemblies are public. In addition to the directly elected members, the state and federal executive boards also each include a representative from BUNDjugend , the specialist working groups ("scientific council") and the regional / state associations ("state council" / "association council"). At the federal level, the board of directors, the scientific advisory board and the association council coordinate as a whole .
BUNDjugend acts independently within the BUND with its subdivisions in the federal states (in Bavaria the “youth organization Bund Naturschutz”) and the individual youth groups.
The BUND is the deployment point for participants in the FÖJ ( Voluntary Ecological Year ) and the BFD ( Federal Voluntary Service ); there are positions at the federal association, at the regional associations and at the BUNDjugend.
The chairmen were:
- July – November 1975: Bodo Manstein
- 1975–1977: Herbert Gruhl
- 1977–1983: Gerhard Thielcke
- 1983–1998: Hubert Weinzierl
- 1998–2007: Angelika Zahrnt
- 2007–2019: Hubert Weiger
- since 2019: Olaf Bandt
Expert working groups
There are 20 federal working groups in which voluntary members - often renowned scientists - deal with current issues of environmental protection. The tasks of the working groups include participating in hearings of the Bundestag , examining new laws and developing environmentally friendly concepts. In addition, the working groups organize seminars and conferences and pass on their knowledge in information brochures. As far as possible, the regional associations also have specialist working groups with similar topics.
The spokespersons for the working groups form the BUND's Scientific Advisory Board , which provides technical advice to the federal executive board. The chairman of the advisory board is a member of the federal board by virtue of the statutes.
In 2015 there were the following federal specialist working groups:
The BUND is a member of numerous associations and clubs, including:
- Friends of the Earth Europe and International, since 1989 as the German section of the European environmental network
- Deutscher Naturschutzring , the umbrella organization of German environmental and nature conservation associations
- Attac , a globalization-critical network
- Grüner Strom Label , an association that certifies green electricity offers
- natureplus , an association that awards an environmental seal of approval for building materials
- Board of Trustees Tree of the Year
- Do the nuclear phase-out yourself , an alliance that provides information about green electricity and wants to motivate people to switch electricity providers
- NEULAND , an association for the marketing of products from animal and environmentally friendly farm animal husbandry
- EUROPARC Germany , the umbrella organization for national parks , biosphere reserves and nature parks
- Transparent Civil Society Initiative (as a signatory).
The BUND cooperates or cooperates with
- the Federal Association of Citizens' Initiatives Environmental Protection
- the Episcopal Relief Organization Misereor (for the study " Zukunftsbaren Deutschland " (1996), which strongly influenced the discourse on sustainability)
- Bread for the World and the Evangelical Development Service (EED) (for the follow-up study " Sustainable Germany in a globalized world " (2008))
- the European Natural Heritage Foundation ( Euronatur ), which BUND helped initiate
- the Bodensee-Stiftung , an international foundation for nature and culture based in Radolfzell
- McPlanet.com , a globalization-critical environmental congress
- the German animal welfare association with the animal welfare label NEULAND
The BUND is committed to preserving the natural foundations of life. In detail, it stands for, among other things
- the conversion of the energy industry towards renewable energy sources
- the conversion of the transport system towards renewable fuels
- promotion of local public transport as well as bicycle and pedestrian traffic
- sustainable tourism: cycling and hiking holidays, remote trips with the train
- an energy saving and renovation program for the apartment and house stock
- the protection of ecologically valuable areas and landscapes
- an environmentally friendly and species-appropriate agriculture and forestry
Activities and projects
- The association is heard when interfering with nature - from plowing a protected orchid meadow to the designation of new building areas and planning approval for an airport - so it has to write technically sound opinions. This work is mainly done by volunteer members with the appropriate specialist knowledge, partly also by the employees of the association.
- Many members are appointed (honorary) to the nature conservation advisory board at district, state or federal level.
- Local groups maintain local biotopes, pass on their knowledge through guided tours and lead children's groups.
- The BUND provides information material in the form of brochures, arguments, background reports and studies.
- The BUND is a member of the Grüner Strom Label e. V., which awards the seal of quality of the same name for green electricity offers.
- The BUND is co-organizer of the demonstrations under the motto We're fed up! .
- The BUND participates intensively in the repository discussion and is a member of the Commission for the Storage of Highly Radioactive Waste Materials .
- 1978: Save the Birds Campaign ; Presentation of the first German solar vehicle .
- 1981: First public notice of forest dieback .
- 1988: Garden without poison campaign .
- 1989: The Green Belt Germany project protects biotopes along the former German-German border.
- 1994: Publication of the first environmental computer list .
- 1995: Publication of the study Sustainable Germany with Misereor .
- 2001: BUND, Deutsche Bahn , NABU , WWF and VCD started the " Destination Nature" campaign in April .
- 2003: The GEO magazine and the BUND jointly organized the fifth GEO biodiversity day in the Green Belt . 500 experts map more than 5200 different animal and plant species in 24 hours, including species that were already considered extinct.
- 2004: The BUND presented its largest species protection program to date with the Wildcat Rescue Network . According to the “Wildcat Pathway Plan” presented, existing forests with wildcat populations throughout Germany are to be connected by a 20,000-kilometer network of bush and tree corridors.
- 2005: The BUND launched together with the ZDF and the UFZ Center for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle , the action adventure butterfly (from 2006: Adventure Falter days ).
- 2005: The BUND Foundation was established.
- 2006: The future instead of brown coal action alliance was founded with citizens' initiatives and other environmental associations.
- 2006: Do the nuclear phase-out campaign yourself with other environmental organizations.
- 2007: BUND protested with the newspaper “ Kohlen-Express” against the construction of more than 20 new coal-fired power plants in Germany and the expansion of the lignite mine.
- 2007: The Adbusting competition denounced the car manufacturers BMW, Mercedes and Volkswagen, who, contrary to their promises, mainly advertise "fuel guzzlers".
- 2008: Together with consumers and supported by Sarah Wiener , the BUND demanded with its campaign For love of nature. Without genetic engineering from Edeka, the labeling of corresponding products with the label "Ohne Gentechnik".
- 2010: BUND Hamburg was one of the initiators of a popular initiative that aimed to remunicipalise the energy networks and establish “real” municipal utilities in Hamburg . The initiative of 24 organizations achieved with a referendum that a referendum was held in 2013.
- 2010: The Future Without Poison campaign aims to ensure that children grow up without exposure to harmful chemicals. For example, daycare centers can have dust samples from their facility tested for plasticizers by the BUND free of charge . Certain chemical pollutants have hormonal effects and are suspected of causing infertility, diabetes and cancer.
- 2011: Start of the "Wildcat Jump" project (funded by the Federal Biological Diversity Program) with activities to protect wild cats in ten federal states. In this largest single project in the history of the BUND, on the one hand, so-called "green corridors" in Hesse (Rothaargebirge-Knüll), Lower Saxony (Harz-Solling), Baden-Württemberg (Herrenberg region), Rhineland-Palatinate (Westerwald / Taunus-Rothaargebirge) and Thuringia (Greiz region). On the other hand, a nationwide gene database for wild cats is being developed in cooperation with the Senckenberg Research Institute in order to document populations and migratory movements and to optimize protective measures for wild cats. With over 1200 volunteers, the project is also one of the largest " Citizen Science " projects in Europe and was successfully completed in 2017.
- 2012: The Stadtnatur campaign provided information about plants and animals in the city and motivated them to experience and create natural spaces themselves, e.g. B. with urban horticulture and a photo competition.
- 2012: With Ask the poison question , the BUND asked consumers to ask suppliers of products about dangerous ingredients (see REACH regulation ). In cooperation with the Federal Environment Agency, an inquiry generator facilitates the formulation.
- 2013: With the provision of the ToxFox app , BUND enables consumers to see whether the product contains hormonal chemicals by scanning the barcode of cosmetics . Since 2019 nanoparticles have also been displayed. Alternatively, simply enter the EAN number online for the cosmetics check, and protest mails can be sent directly to the manufacturer. The analysis of the chemicals from the INCI list of ingredients for around 60,000 care and cosmetic products was carried out in cooperation with the community database Codecheck.info . There was criticism of the study from the body care and detergent industry association that the quantities of potentially harmful ingredients were too low. On the other hand, natural cosmetics were largely free of hormone-active substances.
- 2013: The Action wild bees informed the public about the importance and threat of German over 550 species of wild bees and gave tips on how the wild bees can be helped.
- 2014: The BUND published the buying guide microplastics - the invisible danger and started a public debate about microplastics in cosmetics and the entry of microplastics into the seas and rivers.
- 2015: The GEO magazine and the BUND jointly organized the GEO day of biodiversity in the Hohe Garbe on the Elbe, the adjacent Garbe polder and the Aland lowland . The experts mapped more than 1,400 plant and animal species in 24 hours, including a species of fungus that was first found in Germany.
- 2018: On November 23, 2018, the BUND and the Solarenergie-Förderverein Deutschland, together with eleven individuals (including Josef Göppel , Hannes Jaenicke and Volker Quaschning ) lodged a constitutional complaint with the Federal Constitutional Court (BVerfG) . The first lawsuit of this kind is intended to increase the pressure on politicians to do more to combat climate change.
- 2013: The Meat Atlas - data and facts about animals as food . In cooperation with the Heinrich Böll Foundation and Le Monde diplomatique, BUND publishes the Meat Atlas (Creative Commons License: CC-BY-SA). The publication uses texts and graphics to clarify the relationships between meat production and meat consumption. With the publication, the BUND is also calling for an agricultural turnaround , advocating reducing overproduction and promoting small-scale agriculture.
Campaigns against large projects
As a representative of the interests of environmental and nature conservation, the federal government has taken action on various occasions, in particular against some major projects.
For example, on World Youth Day 2005 there was a closing mass for Pope Benedict XVI. originally planned at Hangelar . The BUND filed an objection to the official approval. A previous ordnance clearance on the site of the Hangelar airfield , the planned "Pope Hill" and the construction of roads for the major event would place too much strain on the fauna and flora in the Hangelarer Heide nature reserve . The organizers moved the closing service to the Marienfeld in Kerpen .
In February 2003 the BUND filed together with the NABU during the Hamburg Higher Regional Court a lawsuit against the planned offshore wind farm Butendiek one. There are enough ecologically more sensible alternatives for the location. The lawsuit was dismissed on the grounds that BUND and NABU, as plaintiffs, could not claim any infringement of their own rights. A spokesman for the Federal Environment Ministry criticized the lawsuit and stated that the construction of the wind farm would rather have positive effects on nature, as, for example, fishing would be restricted in its vicinity.
Since the end of the 1970s, the then " Hambach Group " and later also the BUND have been active against the Hambach lignite mine and for the preservation of the " Hambach Forest ". BUND led since 2009 actions against the approval of the second frame operating plan , against opencast mining-related relocation of the A4 motorway and against the main operating plan approval 2011-2014. With another lawsuit against the approval of the 3rd general operating plan 2020–2030 and the main operating plan 2018–2020, BUND initially failed in November 2017 before the Cologne Administrative Court . RWE and the defendant country rejected a settlement proposal from the court chamber to protect the Hambach Forest . The BUND immediately appealed to the responsible Higher Administrative Court in Münster (OVG). With an urgent application , the BUND reached a preliminary clearing stop for the Hambach Forest on October 5, 2018 at the OVG Münster. On October 6th, a large demonstration co-organized by the BUND took place in the forest with around 50,000 participants. After the rejection of the action in March 2019 at the Cologne Administrative Court, the BUND applied for an appeal to the OVG Münster in August 2019; The clearing sstopp will continue to exist for the time being.
The BUND has repeatedly been accused of withdrawing suits against nature threatening construction projects due to financial advantages. In 1997 , Der Spiegel first accused the organization of selling indulgences . In 1996 the BUND Thuringia dropped a lawsuit against the Goldisthal pumped storage plant after an earmarked donation from VEAG amounting to 7 million DM . According to the BUND, the chances of success of the lawsuit were slim, but the Thuringia regional association is still critical of the pumped storage plant from a nature conservation point of view. The money was used to set up the David Nature Foundation . In addition to Spiegel magazine, NDR and Panorama magazine once again criticized concessions made by the BUND and other environmental associations after financial compensation payments as “indulgences” and “ barter deals ”. For example, the BUND Lower Saxony (together with the WWF ) withdrew a lawsuit against the planned deepening of the Ems for the transfer of cruise ships in 2006 , after a settlement agreed to pay 9 million euros to a newly created special fund Emsfonds . A newly created six-person committee, which is permanently occupied by a member of the BUND, decides on the use of these funds for projects in the Ems-Dollart area. The BUND Schleswig-Holstein ended a lawsuit against the expansion of Lübeck Airport in 2008 after compensation payments had been negotiated in a nature conservation foundation for the Grönauer Heide . In 2011, BUND Lower Saxony withdrew a lawsuit against the planned Nordergrund offshore wind farm in front of Wangerooge after the payment of around 800,000 euros was agreed in a settlement, which would later flow into a dedicated fund managed by BUND.
The co-founder of the association Enoch zu Guttenberg justified his resignation in May 2012, among other things with the suspicion that the BUND could be bought. He is convinced that it had gone mainly to financial benefits, retired as the BUND claims against the wind farm in Nordergründe and the deepening of the Elbe and for the operators endowments have received. He also rejected what he believed to be the landscape-destroying wind turbines outside built-up areas. The BUND had failed to achieve its goal - nature and its protection.
The BUND rejected the allegations of corruption several times: in the context of comparisons , sensible solutions had been found that would have led to more environmentally friendly planning. Comparisons against money would also only a minimal share of the collective actions constitute the BUND. The organization supports the expansion of renewable energies in principle and only takes legal action in individual cases against obvious bad planning. At the Nordergrund wind farm, in addition to a lower number of systems, significantly reduced environmental impacts and extensive monitoring measures for the effects on bird migration were achieved. Also for the - not realized - airport expansion in Lübeck a scope of reduction of interference and compensation payments had been negotiated, which could never have been achieved through a lawsuit.
Awarding of environmental prizes
Bodo Manstein Medal
|1980||Hans Christoph Binswanger : Greening economic policy|
|1981||José Lutzenberger , German-Brazilian politician and environmental activist|
|1982||Otto Koenig , Austrian ornithologist and cultural ethologist|
|1983||Jörg Zink , theologian and spokesman for the peace and ecology movement|
Rolf Wandschneider , Holger Wesemüller , Karel van der Zwiep ,
John Frederiksen : North Sea Protection
|1985||Bernd Lötsch , Austrian naturalist, Donauauen Institute|
|1986||Sepp Bichler , organic farmer|
|1987||Otmar Wassermann , ecotoxicologist|
|1988||Dagi and Karl Werner Kieffer , Ecology & Agriculture Foundation / Medium Technology|
Anne Calatin , environmental medicine specialist
Reinhold Konstanty , DGB environmental officer
|1991||Prince Charles : Organic Farming|
From 1980 to 1991 the BUND awarded the Bodo Manstein Medal, named after the first chairman, for special merits in nature conservation and environmental protection. In his memory, the portrait of Bodo Manstein was shown in profile on the medal ; the doctor and environmentalist from the very beginning had already died at the time of the first award.
BUND research award
Since 2017, the BUND has been awarding university graduates the research prize for scientific work on sustainable development every year . The prize is awarded in the categories of bachelor thesis , master thesis and dissertation (including research work ) and is endowed with cash prizes of 500 euros, 1,000 euros and 2,500 euros. The winners worked on a wide variety of topics, for example in 2019 biological pest control in arable farming, German rail freight transport in 2040 or the global action program “Education for Sustainable Development” .
Awards from regional associations
BUND Hessen has been awarding the Eduard Bernhard Prize since 2009 to people who have shown a strong commitment to the environment and nature conservation. The Federation of Nature Conservation in Bavaria has been awarding the Bavarian Nature Conservation Medal for special commitment in BN since 1970 . With the Karl Gayer Medal , the Association of Nature Conservation Bavaria - in coordination with the Working Group on Natural Forest Management - has been honoring people who have made a contribution to natural forest management since 1977. The highest award in Bavaria in the field of nature conservation is the Bavarian Nature Conservation Prize of the Bund Naturschutz, which has been awarded since the early 1970s.
From 2005 to 2014, BUND Berlin awarded the Berlin Environment Prize in the categories of environmental commitment , children and youth, and business and innovation .
BUND Baden-Württemberg has been honoring conservationists with the Gerhard Thielcke Nature Conservation Prize since 2007 . The nature conservation prize was created for the 75th birthday of the BUND honorary chairman and co-founder Gerhard Thielcke , who also formulated the award criteria.
In 2009 and 2010, the Energy Working Group of BUND North Rhine-Westphalia awarded the BUND Energy Prize, endowed with 1000 euros, for environmentally friendly use of energy. BUND groups could apply for the prize, but also citizens' groups, individuals and companies, provided the project had a direct benefit for the environment, was innovative and encouraged people to follow suit.
Local and district groups of the BUND also regularly award regional environmental prizes for outstanding achievements for the environment - both positive and negative. Negative prices are unpopular or feared: those responsible are publicly criticized for environmental sins and ecological mistakes; the opportunity to comment on the award is rarely used.
Natur & Umwelt Service und Verlags GmbH
Natur & Umwelt Service und Verlags GmbH was founded in 1977 and is a wholly-owned subsidiary of BUND. She is a service provider in shipping and project management for BUND, but also takes on functions for external clients. For example, since 2002 she has been running the Don Cato competition for the Federal Environment Ministry , which aims to familiarize children with issues relating to nature and environmental protection. In addition, she runs the BUNDladen, in whose internet shop and catalog Schön ecological articles are offered.
The original name of waistband for Nature and Environmental Protection Germany was changed to its present form in 1977, so the abbreviation BNUD the Apronym BUND emerged that part of the corporate identity was the association. Its logo shows a graphic element to the left of the lettering BUND, which is supposed to symbolize the globe, which is surrounded by two protective hands. The BUND is a German member of the international nature conservation network Friends of the Earth , which is why the addition Friends of the Earth Germany (former addition in German: Friends of the Earth ) is an element of the association's current brand .
The BUND Federal Association has been supported by the non-profit BUND Foundation based in Schwerin since 2005 . The foundation started with 50,000 euros in capital and, through donations , endowments , inheritances and donor loans, was three million euros ten years after it was founded. The foundation supports major projects such as the work on the Green Belt , the floodplain forests on the Middle Elbe ( Hohe Garbe ) and the Goitzsche wilderness near Bitterfeld.
Many of the legally independent BUND regional associations have also set up a non-profit foundation for similar purposes . The start-up capital comes partly from its own reserves, partly from replacement payments for major construction projects. The foundations act legally independent of the BUND associations; BUND activists are often involved (also in the lead) in managing the foundation. The foundations by date of establishment:
- Momo Foundation (Baden-Württemberg): The Momo Foundation, founded in 1993 by BUND Baden-Württemberg, supports projects that give children and young people a better understanding of their environment and nature. The namesake was the girl Momo from Michael Ende.
- Nature Foundation David (Thuringia): The Thuringian Regional Association founded the Nature Foundation David in 1998, which is also a member of the German Nature Conservation Ring. The foundation focuses on the fields of nature conservation, renewable energies and energy saving.
- BUND NRW Nature Conservation Foundation : The state association of North Rhine-Westphalia established the Nature Conservation Foundation in 2002, which annually honors the butterfly of the year .
- Bund Naturschutz Stiftung (Bavaria): The Bund Naturschutz in Bayern set up an independent foundation in 2007. Funded projects include the Green Belt, the purchase of near-natural areas and environmental education.
- BUND Hessen-Naturschutzstiftung : The state association set up the nature conservation foundation in 2009. The acquisition and maintenance of nature conservation areas, environmental education and nature and environmental protection projects of the BUND are funded.
- Altenwerder Foundation for Compensation (Hamburg): In 2009 the BUND established the foundation to improve, restore and secure values in nature in the long term. The focus of work is in the natural area of the Tidal Elbe in the Hamburg area, south of the North Elbe .
- Natural landscape foundation (Lower Saxony): The foundation was established in 2010. It is based in Hanover, the office is located in a moated castle in Königslutter , which has been expanded into a versatile nature and science center. In addition to BUND and NABU, many other associations also have their offices here, e. B. the regional association of citizens' initiatives environmental protection , the open-air and adventure museum Ostfalen and the Geopark Harz - Braunschweiger Land - Ostfalen .
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- Meat Atlas - Infographics
- Meat Atlas 2013
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