Olympic Summer Games
The chronology of the Olympic Games of the modern era lists all Olympic Summer Games.
The Summer Olympics are officially called “Games of (for example) XVIII. Olympics". An Olympiad is a period of four years, namely the period between two Summer Olympics.
The Olympiads have been numbered since January 1st, 1896 (year of the first modern Olympic Games). The Summer Olympics take place in the first year of an Olympics after which they are named.
At the Olympic Winter Games , however, failed games are not counted.
Timeline Olympic Summer Games of the modern era
|I.||1896||Athens||14th||245||245||43||10 (9)||First modern Olympic Games. Competitions in fencing , weightlifting , track and field , cycling , wrestling , shooting , swimming , tennis and gymnastics . The rowing and sailing competitions were canceled due to the weather.|
|II.||1900||Paris||24||997||975||22nd||89||20 (19)||For the first time with women in two sports ( golf and tennis). Many for today exotic competitions in sports such as cricket and pelota in the Olympic or ballooning and Jeu de Paume in the non-Olympic program.|
|III.||1904||St. Louis||12||651||645||6th||94||16 (17)||Last time with mixed national teams , for example in fencing.|
|1906||Athens||21st||840||834||6th||74||14 (12)||Anniversary Games (10 years) are not recognized by the IOC as Olympic Games, but are considered unofficial interludes.|
|IV.||1908||London||28||2.008||1,971||37||109||24 (22)||With competitions in figure skating 22 sports.|
|V.||1912||Stockholm||23||2,407||2,359||48||102||18 (14)||Return to the core sports. Compared to the first games in 1896, competitions in football , modern pentathlon , horse riding , sailing and tug of war were also held. Weightlifting is absent.|
|VI.||1916||Berlin||Failed because of the First World War .|
|VII.||1920||Antwerp||29||2,626||2,558||65||156||29 (22)||Archery is back in the program after 1900. Also polo , hockey , boxing and rugby are new or resumed. Additional competitions in the winter sports of ice hockey and figure skating . Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary and Turkey were not invited by the IOC.|
|VIII.||1924||Paris||44||3,089||2,954||135||126||23 (17)||Archery, tennis and tug of war will be withdrawn from the program. Germany was not invited by the IOC.|
|IX.||1928||Amsterdam||46||2,883||2,606||277||109||20 (14)||Polo, rugby and shooting will be withdrawn from the program.|
|X.||1932||los Angeles||37||1,332||1,206||126||116||20 (14)||No soccer tournament. Resumption of competitions in shooting.|
|XI.||1936||Berlin||49||3,961||3,633||328||129||25 (19)||Compared to 1932, polo, field handball , basketball , canoeing and soccer were recorded. In addition to its sporting importance, the 1936 Games were particularly notable for the fact that Hitler and the ruling NSDAP misused them as a propaganda forum in order to present the NS state positively abroad. For the first time there was an Olympic torch relay and selected competitions were shown on the new medium of television (see also: History of television in Germany ).|
|XII.||1940||Tokyo||Canceled because of the Second World War - Japan returned the Games to the IOC on July 16, 1938 because of the Sino-Japanese War , so that Helsinki was a possible venue for the 1940 Summer Olympics until the outbreak of the Second World War.|
|XIII.||1944||London||Failed because of the ongoing Second World War.|
|XIV.||1948||London||59||4,104||3.714||390||136||23 (17)||Handball and polo are no longer organized. Germany and Japan were not invited by the IOC.|
|XV.||1952||Helsinki||69||4,955||4,436||519||149||23 (17)||The Soviet Union is taking part in the Olympic Games for the first time and takes second place in the unofficial medal table.|
|XVI.||1956||Melbourne||72||3,314||2,938||376||145||20 (16)||Three countries (Spain, Netherlands, Switzerland) are boycotting the games because of the Soviet invasion of Hungary . Three countries (Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq) are boycotting the games because of the Suez crisis . The People's Republic of China does not participate because the Republic of China (Taiwan) is permitted.|
|1956||Stockholm||29||6th||3 (1)||Because of Australia's strict quarantine regulations for horses, the Olympic Equestrian Games took place in Sweden.|
|XVII.||1960||Rome||83||5,352||4,741||611||150||23 (17)||For the first time since 1928, the number of competitions has fallen.|
|XVIII.||1964||Tokyo||93||5,151||4,473||678||163||25 (19)||Judo and volleyball become Olympic for the first time. The new Syncom 3 communications satellite enabled intercontinental television broadcasts.|
|XIX.||1968||Mexico city||112||5,516||4,735||781||172||24 (18)||In the crackdown on student riots against the Games, an estimated 200 to 300 students died ten days before the opening ( Tlatelolco massacre ). No competitions in judo.|
|XX.||1972||Munich||121||7.170||6,075||1,095||195||28 (21)||On September 5th, the games will be suspended for one day due to a terrorist attack on the Israeli team. Resumption of judo after 1964, archery and handball.|
|XXI.||1976||Montreal||92||6,084||4,824||1,260||198||27 (21)||After chaotic preparations that plunged Montreal into an economic disaster for the coming decades, the games were partly held in provisionally prepared sports facilities. 30 countries from Africa, Asia and South America stayed away from the competitions to protest against the participation of New Zealand, whose All Blacks had completed a tour of South Africa - for some years ostracized from international sport due to its apartheid policy. The Taiwan team was refused entry due to host Canada’s one-China policy .|
|XXII.||1980||Moscow||80||5,217||4,093||1,124||203||27 (21)||42 states are boycotting the games because of the invasion of Soviet troops in Afghanistan , a further 24 states either refrain from participating for financial or sporting reasons or left the invitation unanswered.|
|XXIII.||1984||los Angeles||140||6,797||5,230||1,567||221||29 (21)||The Soviet Union is boycotting the games because the safety of its athletes in Los Angeles is not guaranteed - 18 states join the boycott and host the Friendship Competitions as a counter-event . Recording of synchronized swimming .|
|XXIV.||1988||Seoul||159||8,391||6,197||2,194||237||31 (23)||Four countries (Cuba, Ethiopia, Nicaragua, North Korea) are boycotting the Games because North Korea is not involved in hosting the Games to an “appropriate” extent. Tennis and table tennis are included. For the first time, professionals were allowed to take part in the Olympic Games.|
|XXV.||1992||Barcelona||169||9,956||7.105||2,851||257||34 (25)||The new attendance record reflects the political changes in the world. First participation of an all-German team after German reunification. Shot of badminton and baseball .|
|XXVI.||1996||Atlanta||197||10,320||6,797||3,523||271||37 (26)||To the amazement of many, the 100th anniversary of the Olympic Games is not taking place in Athens but in Atlanta. It is assumed that with this decision the IOC main sponsor Coca-Cola (head office in Atlanta) should be “happy”. Start of the sports softball and beach volleyball .|
|XXVII.||2000||Sydney||199||10,651||6,582||4,069||300||40 (28)||Recording of taekwondo , triathlon and trampoline gymnastics .|
|XXVIII.||2004||Athens||202||10,625||6,296||4,329||301||40 (28)||Never before had there been so many people interested in hosting the Games.|
|XXIX.||2008||Beijing||204||11,126||6,280||4,746||302||42 (28)||The equestrian competitions took place in Hong Kong . Controversial discussions before and during the Games related to the human rights situation in China. The Olympic Games resulted in forced resettlements and protesters were arrested. Ultimately, however, there were no boycotts. Architectural features of the stadiums, especially the “bird's nest”, as well as the most modern infrastructure. Introduction of Alternate Athlete (s) in some sports.|
|XXX.||2012||London||204||10,520||5,864||4,656||302||40 (26)||For the first time since 1968, the exclusion of softball and baseball has reduced the number of sports. For the first time, every nation is sending at least one female athlete. For the first time there is also a competition for women in every sport. However, there are disciplines only for men (Greco-Roman style wrestling) and only for women ( rhythmic gymnastics and synchronized swimming ).|
|XXXI.||2016||Rio de Janeiro||207||11,238||6.181||5,057||306||42 (28)||Olympic Games held for the first time on the South American continent. Resumption of golf (last time in 1904) and first staging of competitions in 7-a-side rugby .|
|XXXII.||2021||Tokyo||339||51 (33)||Resumption of baseball and softball (last time in 2008). Record karate , skateboard , sport climbing and surfing .
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic , the games planned for 2020 have been postponed by one year. The marketing name Tokyo 2020 remained.
Sports at the Summer Olympics
|Base / softball||baseball||17x||0x||6x||0x||7x|
|Modern pentathlon||Modern pentathlon||4x||6x||19x||0x||0x|
|Swimming||Open water swimming||25x||4x||0x||0x||0x|
|Sport climbing||Sport climbing||28x||1x||0x||0x||0x|
|Table tennis||Table tennis||20x||9x||0x||0x||0x|
|Rhythmic sports gymnastics||19x||0x||0x||10x||0x|
|Equestrian sport||Art riding||28x||0x||1x||0x||0x|
|Former sports / disciplines|
|Jeu de Paume||Jeu de Paume||28x||1x||0x||0x||0x|
|Motor boating||Motorboat races||27x||0x||1x||0x||1x|
|Tug of war||Tug of war||24x||0x||5x||0x||0x|
|Winter sports at the Olympics|
|ice Hockey||ice Hockey||28x||0x||1x||0x||0x||has been held at the Winter Olympics since 1924|
|figure skating||figure skating||28x||0x||1x||0x||0x||has been held at the Winter Olympics since 1924|
Totals: The interim Olympic games of 1906 are not included.
Eternal medal table
A ranking list is created for all competitions at the Summer Olympics. The eternal medal table is a listing of all medals , sorted according to participating countries, that have been awarded in the history of the Games. The athletes (or teams) who rank first, second or third receive medals as an award. The winner will receive a medal called a “ gold medal ” (actually, silver medals with a gold plating). The second receives a silver medal, the third a bronze medal .
All-time medal table of the Summer Olympics
(as of September 5, 2016)
|1||United States||United States||1023||794||702||2519||list|
|5||CHN||People's Republic of China||225||164||154||543||list|
(As of September 5, 2016) Abbreviation team gold silver bronze total RUS RUS Russia (1900–1912) 1 4th 3 8th URS Soviet Union (1952–1988) 395 319 296 1010 EUN United team (1992) 45 38 29 112 RUS Russian Federation (since 1996) 148 138 161 447
(As of September 5, 2016) Abbreviation team gold silver bronze total GER GER / / German Empire (1896–1936) 68 74 71 213 GER (West) Germany (1952) - 7th 17th 24 SAA Saarland (1952) - - - - EUA / Germany (1956–1964) 28 54 36 118 FRG / Federal Republic of Germany (1968–1988) 56 67 81 204 GDR / German Democratic Republic (1968–1988) 153 129 127 409 GER Germany (since 1992) 123 111 145 379