Olympic Summer Games

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Previous venues for the Summer Olympics.
  • Countries with a one-off event
  • Countries with multiple events
  • The chronology of the Olympic Games of the modern era lists all Olympic Summer Games.


    The Summer Olympics are officially called “Games of (for example) XVIII. Olympics". An Olympiad is a period of four years, namely the period between two Summer Olympics.

    The Olympiads have been numbered since January 1st, 1896 (year of the first modern Olympic Games). The Summer Olympics take place in the first year of an Olympics after which they are named.

    At the Olympic Winter Games , however, failed games are not counted.

    Timeline Olympic Summer Games of the modern era

    Olympics year venue Nations Attendees Competition
    total Men Women Competitions Disciplines
    I. 1896 First Hellenic RepublicFirst Hellenic Republic Athens 14th 245 245 43 10 (9) First modern Olympic Games. Competitions in fencing , weightlifting , track and field , cycling , wrestling , shooting , swimming , tennis and gymnastics . The rowing and sailing competitions were canceled due to the weather.
    II. 1900 Third French RepublicThird French Republic Paris 24 997 975 22nd 89 20 (19) For the first time with women in two sports ( golf and tennis). Many for today exotic competitions in sports such as cricket and pelota in the Olympic or ballooning and Jeu de Paume in the non-Olympic program.
    III. 1904 United States 45United States St. Louis 12 651 645 6th 94 16 (17) Last time with mixed national teams , for example in fencing.
    1906 Kingdom of GreeceKingdom of Greece Athens 21st 840 834 6th 74 14 (12) Anniversary Games (10 years) are not recognized by the IOC as Olympic Games, but are considered unofficial interludes.
    IV. 1908 United Kingdom 1801United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland London 28 2.008 1,971 37 109 24 (22) With competitions in figure skating 22 sports.
    V. 1912 SwedenSweden Stockholm 23 2,407 2,359 48 102 18 (14) Return to the core sports. Compared to the first games in 1896, competitions in football , modern pentathlon , horse riding , sailing and tug of war were also held. Weightlifting is absent.
    VI. 1916 German EmpireThe German Imperium Berlin Failed because of the First World War .
    VII. 1920 BelgiumBelgium Antwerp 29 2,626 2,558 65 156 29 (22) Archery is back in the program after 1900. Also polo , hockey , boxing and rugby are new or resumed. Additional competitions in the winter sports of ice hockey and figure skating . Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary and Turkey were not invited by the IOC.
    VIII. 1924 Third French RepublicThird French Republic Paris 44 3,089 2,954 135 126 23 (17) Archery, tennis and tug of war will be withdrawn from the program. Germany was not invited by the IOC.
    IX. 1928 NetherlandsNetherlands Amsterdam 46 2,883 2,606 277 109 20 (14) Polo, rugby and shooting will be withdrawn from the program.
    X. 1932 United States 48United States los Angeles 37 1,332 1,206 126 116 20 (14) No soccer tournament. Resumption of competitions in shooting.
    XI. 1936 German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Berlin 49 3,961 3,633 328 129 25 (19) Compared to 1932, polo, field handball , basketball , canoeing and soccer were recorded. In addition to its sporting importance, the 1936 Games were particularly notable for the fact that Hitler and the ruling NSDAP misused them as a propaganda forum in order to present the NS state positively abroad. For the first time there was an Olympic torch relay and selected competitions were shown on the new medium of television (see also: History of television in Germany ).
    XII. 1940 JapanJapan Tokyo Canceled because of the Second World War - Japan returned the Games to the IOC on July 16, 1938 because of the Sino-Japanese War , so that Helsinki was a possible venue for the 1940 Summer Olympics until the outbreak of the Second World War.
    FinlandFinland Helsinki
    XIII. 1944 United KingdomUnited Kingdom London Failed because of the ongoing Second World War.
    XIV. 1948 United KingdomUnited Kingdom London 59 4,104 3.714 390 136 23 (17) Handball and polo are no longer organized. Germany and Japan were not invited by the IOC.
    XV. 1952 FinlandFinland Helsinki 69 4,955 4,436 519 149 23 (17) The Soviet Union is taking part in the Olympic Games for the first time and takes second place in the unofficial medal table.
    XVI. 1956 AustraliaAustralia Melbourne 72 3,314 2,938 376 145 20 (16) Three countries (Spain, Netherlands, Switzerland) are boycotting the games because of the Soviet invasion of Hungary . Three countries (Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq) are boycotting the games because of the Suez crisis . The People's Republic of China does not participate because the Republic of China (Taiwan) is permitted.
    1956 SwedenSweden Stockholm 29 6th 3 (1) Because of Australia's strict quarantine regulations for horses, the Olympic Equestrian Games took place in Sweden.
    XVII. 1960 ItalyItaly Rome 83 5,352 4,741 611 150 23 (17) For the first time since 1928, the number of competitions has fallen.
    XVIII. 1964 JapanJapan Tokyo 93 5,151 4,473 678 163 25 (19) Judo and volleyball become Olympic for the first time. The new Syncom 3 communications satellite enabled intercontinental television broadcasts.
    XIX. 1968 MexicoMexico Mexico city 112 5,516 4,735 781 172 24 (18) In the crackdown on student riots against the Games, an estimated 200 to 300 students died ten days before the opening ( Tlatelolco massacre ). No competitions in judo.
    XX. 1972 Germany BRBR Germany Munich 121 7.170 6,075 1,095 195 28 (21) On September 5th, the games will be suspended for one day due to a terrorist attack on the Israeli team. Resumption of judo after 1964, archery and handball.
    XXI. 1976 CanadaCanada Montreal 92 6,084 4,824 1,260 198 27 (21) After chaotic preparations that plunged Montreal into an economic disaster for the coming decades, the games were partly held in provisionally prepared sports facilities. 30 countries from Africa, Asia and South America stayed away from the competitions to protest against the participation of New Zealand, whose All Blacks had completed a tour of South Africa - for some years ostracized from international sport due to its apartheid policy. The Taiwan team was refused entry due to host Canada’s one-China policy .
    XXII. 1980 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Moscow 80 5,217 4,093 1,124 203 27 (21) 42 states are boycotting the games because of the invasion of Soviet troops in Afghanistan , a further 24 states either refrain from participating for financial or sporting reasons or left the invitation unanswered.
    XXIII. 1984 United StatesUnited States los Angeles 140 6,797 5,230 1,567 221 29 (21) The Soviet Union is boycotting the games because the safety of its athletes in Los Angeles is not guaranteed - 18 states join the boycott and host the Friendship Competitions as a counter-event . Recording of synchronized swimming .
    XXIV. 1988 Korea SouthSouth Korea Seoul 159 8,391 6,197 2,194 237 31 (23) Four countries (Cuba, Ethiopia, Nicaragua, North Korea) are boycotting the Games because North Korea is not involved in hosting the Games to an “appropriate” extent. Tennis and table tennis are included. For the first time, professionals were allowed to take part in the Olympic Games.
    XXV. 1992 SpainSpain Barcelona 169 9,956 7.105 2,851 257 34 (25) The new attendance record reflects the political changes in the world. First participation of an all-German team after German reunification. Shot of badminton and baseball .
    XXVI. 1996 United StatesUnited States Atlanta 197 10,320 6,797 3,523 271 37 (26) To the amazement of many, the 100th anniversary of the Olympic Games is not taking place in Athens but in Atlanta. It is assumed that with this decision the IOC main sponsor Coca-Cola (head office in Atlanta) should be “happy”. Start of the sports softball and beach volleyball .
    XXVII. 2000 AustraliaAustralia Sydney 199 10,651 6,582 4,069 300 40 (28) Recording of taekwondo , triathlon and trampoline gymnastics .
    XXVIII. 2004 GreeceGreece Athens 202 10,625 6,296 4,329 301 40 (28) Never before had there been so many people interested in hosting the Games.
    XXIX. 2008 China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Beijing 204 11,126 6,280 4,746 302 42 (28) The equestrian competitions took place in Hong Kong . Controversial discussions before and during the Games related to the human rights situation in China. The Olympic Games resulted in forced resettlements and protesters were arrested. Ultimately, however, there were no boycotts. Architectural features of the stadiums, especially the “bird's nest”, as well as the most modern infrastructure. Introduction of Alternate Athlete (s) in some sports.
    XXX. 2012 United KingdomUnited Kingdom London 204 10,520 5,864 4,656 302 40 (26) For the first time since 1968, the exclusion of softball and baseball has reduced the number of sports. For the first time, every nation is sending at least one female athlete. For the first time there is also a competition for women in every sport. However, there are disciplines only for men (Greco-Roman style wrestling) and only for women ( rhythmic gymnastics and synchronized swimming ).
    XXXI. 2016 BrazilBrazil Rio de Janeiro 207 11,238 6.181 5,057 306 42 (28) Olympic Games held for the first time on the South American continent. Resumption of golf (last time in 1904) and first staging of competitions in 7-a-side rugby .
    XXXII. 2021 JapanJapan Tokyo 339 51 (33) Resumption of baseball and softball (last time in 2008). Record karate , skateboard , sport climbing and surfing .
    Due to the COVID-19 pandemic , the games planned for 2020 have been postponed by one year. The marketing name Tokyo 2020 remained.
    XXXIII. 2024 FranceFrance Paris
    XXXIV. 2028 United StatesUnited States los Angeles

    Sports at the Summer Olympics

    sport discipline to hum 96 00 04 06 08 12 16 20th 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 52 R. 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 21st
    badminton badminton 19x 08x 00x 00x 02x
    Base / softball baseball 17x 00x 06x 00x 07x
    Softball 24x 00x 00x 05x 00x
    basketball basketball 08x 12x 08x 00x 01x
    3x3 basketball 28x 01x 00x 00x 00x
    Archery Archery 12x 15x 02x 00x 00x
    Boxing Boxing 03x 03x 23x 00x 00x
    fencing fencing 00x 23x 06x 00x 00x
    Soccer Soccer 02x 07x 20x 00x 00x
    Weightlifting Weightlifting 02x 06x 21x 00x 00x
    golf golf 25x 03x 01x 00x 00x
    Handball Handball 16x 12x 01x 00x 00x
    hockey hockey 05x 11x 13x 00x 00x
    Judo Judo 15x 08x 06x 00x 00x
    Canoeing Canoe racing 07x 20x 01x 00x 01x
    Canoe slalom 24x 00x 00x 05x 00x
    karate Kata 17x 00x 06x 00x 07x
    Kumite 28x 01x 00x 00x 00x
    athletics athletics 00x 22x 07x 00x 00x
    Modern pentathlon Modern pentathlon 04x 06x 19x 00x 00x
    Cycling Track cycling 01x 09x 19x 00x 00x
    BMX 25x 04x 00x 00x 00x
    Mountain bike 22x 07x 00x 00x 00x
    Street 03x 10x 16x 00x 00x
    Equestrian sport dressage 04x 18x 07x 00x 00x
    Show jumping 03x 17x 09x 00x 00x
    Eventing riding 04x 15x 10x 00x 00x
    Wrestling Freestyle 03x 05x 21x 00x 00x
    Greco-Roman 02x 00x 27x 00x 00x
    rowing rowing 01x 12x 16x 00x 00x
    rugby 7 rugby 27x 02x 00x 00x 00x
    Shooting sports shoot 02x 14x 13x 00x 00x
    Swimming Open water swimming 25x 04x 00x 00x 00x
    swim 00x 25x 04x 00x 00x
    Synchronized swimming 19x 00x 00x 10x 00x
    Water polo 01x 06x 21x 00x 01x
    Diving 02x 25x 02x 00x 00x
    sailing sailing 02x 27x 00x 00x 00x
    skateboard skateboard 28x 01x 00x 00x 00x
    Sport climbing Sport climbing 28x 01x 00x 00x 00x
    surfing surfing 28x 01x 00x 00x 00x
    Taekwondo Taekwondo 15x 08x 06x 00x 00x
    tennis tennis 11x 15x 01x 00x 02x
    Table tennis Table tennis 20x 09x 00x 00x 00x
    Triathlon Triathlon 23x 06x 00x 00x 00x
    Gymnastics Gymnastics 00x 21x 08x 00x 00x
    Rhythmic sports gymnastics 19x 00x 00x 10x 00x
    Trampoline exercise 23x 06x 00x 00x 00x
    volleyball volleyball 14x 15x 00x 00x 00x
    beach volleyball 22x 07x 00x 00x 00x
    Former disciplines
    Handball Field handball 16x 12x 1x 00x 00x
    Equestrian sport Art riding 28x 00x 01x 00x 00x
    rugby Rugby union 25x 00x 04x 00x 00x
    Former sports / disciplines
    Cricket Cricket 28x 00x 01x 00x 00x
    Croquet Croquet 28x 01x 00x 00x 00x
    Jeu de Paume Jeu de Paume 28x 01x 00x 00x 00x
    lacrosse lacrosse 24x 00x 02x 00x 03x
    Motor boating Motorboat races 27x 00x 01x 00x 01x
    Pelota Pelota 25x 01x 01x 00x 03x
    polo polo 24x 00 05x 00x 00x
    Rackets Rackets 28x 00x 01x 00x 00x
    Roque Roque 28x 00x 01x 00x 00x
    Tug of war Tug of war 24x 00x 05x 00x 00x
    Winter sports at the Olympics
    ice Hockey ice Hockey 28x 00x 01x 00x 00x has been held at the Winter Olympics since 1924
    figure skating figure skating 28x 00x 01x 00x 00x has been held at the Winter Olympics since 1924
    sport discipline to hum 96 00 04 06 08 12 16 20th 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 52 R. 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 21st
  •  Competitions for men, women and mixed in the sport / discipline - or open competitions
  •  Competitions for men in the sport / discipline
  •  Competitions for women in the sport / discipline
  •  Demonstration competitions in the sport / discipline
  •  There were no competitions
  •  Olympic Intermediate Games 1906
  •  Olympic Games canceled
  • Sort order: type of sport (alphabetically), discipline (alphabetically)
    Totals: The interim Olympic games of 1906 are not included.

    Eternal medal table

    A ranking list is created for all competitions at the Summer Olympics. The eternal medal table is a listing of all medals , sorted according to participating countries, that have been awarded in the history of the Games. The athletes (or teams) who rank first, second or third receive medals as an award. The winner will receive a medal called a “ gold medal ” (actually, silver medals with a gold plating). The second receives a silver medal, the third a bronze medal .

    The five best nations
    All-time medal table of the Summer Olympics
    (as of September 5, 2016)
    space Abbreviation team gold silver bronze total list
    1 United States United StatesUnited States United States 1023 794 702 2519 list
    2 RUS RussiaRussia Russia 589 499 489 1577 list
    3 GER GermanyGermany Germany 428 443 479 1350 list
    4th GBR United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom 263 294 271 848 list
    5 CHN China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China 225 164 154 543 list

    See also

    Web links

    Wiktionary: Summer Olympic Games  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations


    1. (As of September 5, 2016)
      Abbreviation team gold silver bronze total
      RUS RUS Russian Empire 1883Russian Empire Russia (1900–1912) 1 4th 3 8th
      URS Soviet UnionSoviet Union Soviet Union (1952–1988) 395 319 296 1010
      EUN United teamUnited team United team (1992) 45 38 29 112
      RUS RussiaRussia Russian Federation (since 1996) 148 138 161 447
    2. (As of September 5, 2016)
      Abbreviation team gold silver bronze total
      GER GER German EmpireThe German Imperium/ / German Empire (1896–1936) German EmpireGerman EmpireGerman Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era)  68 74 71 213
      GER (West) Germany(West) Germany(West) Germany (1952) - 7th 17th 24
      SAA SaarSaar Saarland (1952) - - - -
      EUA Germany team all German 1956All-German team/ Germany (1956–1964) Germany team all GermanAll-German team  28 54 36 118
      FRG Germany BRBR Germany/ Federal Republic of Germany (1968–1988) Germany BRBR Germany  56 67 81 204
      GDR Germany Democratic Republic 1968GDR/ German Democratic Republic (1968–1988) Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR  153 129 127 409
      GER GermanyGermany Germany (since 1992) 123 111 145 379