Alpine Ski World Cup
The Alpine Ski World Cup is a World Cup in the discipline of Alpine skiing organized by the international ski association FIS (Fédération Internationale de Ski) .
The idea for the Alpine Ski World Cup came from the French sports journalist and President of the Association Internationale des Journalistes de Ski (AIJS) Serge Lang . The implementation of this idea was decided primarily with the support of the then team bosses from France and the USA, Honoré Bonnet and Bob Beattie, as well as from Sepp Sulzberger, Austrian Ski Association , at the Seidlalm in Kitzbühel in the winter of 1966. A brass plaque that has been hanging there to the right of the entrance since 1996 reminds of this. The then FIS President Marc Hodler supported the idea of the World Cup. Another big step was taken during the 1966 World Ski Championships in Portillo , which was also mentioned in the media (probably for the first time).
The first World Cup race was a men's slalom on January 5, 1967, which the Austrian Heinrich Messner won (it was his only victory in the World Cup). The first giant slalom followed on January 6, 1967 (triple French victory, led by Georges Mauduit - but this competition was only driven in one round). These two races were held in Berchtesgaden . The winner of the first descent (Lauberhorn on January 14th) was Jean-Claude Killy .
The women started on January 7th and 8th with a slalom and giant slalom in Oberstaufen , the first descent took place on January 13th in Grindelwald . The victory in all three competitions went to the Canadian Nancy Greene .
With the exception of Messner and his compatriot Herbert Huber , all men's competitions were won by the French in the opening season. Similar for the women: There was only Nancy Greene as multiple winner, then Erika Schinegger (AUT) and Burgl Färberinger (GER) - and once Giustina Demetz (ITA), who won the "Kandahar" descent in Chamonix with Marielle Goitschel shared - who did not come from France.
In the first few years there were also scheduling conflicts. So there was on 24./25. February 1968 a giant slalom and a slalom for women and men in Oslo and at the same time a men's downhill on February 24th in Chamonix . The competitions on 9/10 March 1968 in Kranjska Gora (men) and Abetone (women) had competition: Although there were only FIS races for women and men in Åre , these were so important for some nations that they did not send starters for the women and for the Gentlemen only a small number. In Abetone only runners from France, Italy, Great Britain and Switzerland competed.
In May 1967 the FIS decided at its congress in Beirut to take over the competition series, which had previously been organized independently by it.
For a long time it was also common for almost all women's races to take place during the week, while the weekend was reserved for men (the exception was the giant slalom in Adelboden , which initially took place on Monday and Tuesday, later only on Tuesday, always before the Lauberhorn competition). It was only later (from 1985/86) that the practice now followed, according to which the days of the week (these then for women and men) are used at most in exceptional cases and at the season finale.
The Alpine Ski World Cup is held annually from October to March and in several locations around the world.
The 30 best athletes in each race receive World Cup points according to an FIS points system that has been revised several times in the course of World Cup history and has remained unchanged since 1993.
At the end of each World Cup season, a large crystal ball is awarded to the runner with the most points from all races. Separate tables of points are kept in the individual disciplines. For the winners of the downhill , slalom , giant slalom and (since 1986) Super-G ratings , there are small crystal balls. A small crystal ball was also awarded for the (super) combination rating between 2007 and 2012. It also included the last remaining classic combination at the Hahnenkamm race in Kitzbühel. At the FIS Calendar Conference 2015 it was decided to award a small crystal ball in this discipline again from the 2015/16 season.
In addition, a country ranking ( Nations Cup ) is held for each season ; the points of all runners of a nation are added together.
The lead crystal trophies have been produced by the Joska Bodenmais glassworks since 1987 .
The races of the Olympic Winter Games and the Alpine Ski World Championships have not been counted for the World Cup since 1972. Exceptions were therefore the results of the 1968 Olympic Games in Grenoble and the 1970 World Championships in Val Gardena , which were also counted for the World Cup.
The start list is created using World Cup start list points, which are essentially calculated from the World Cup points achieved in the last twelve months in the respective discipline.
The vast majority of the races take place in Europe , and each season the World Cup also takes place in some stations in Canada and the USA . In some years individual competitions are held in Japan and South Korea , and there have already been World Cup races in Argentina , Australia and New Zealand .
World Cup opener
The respective World Cup season has started with a glacier race at the end of October since the 1990s . It is driven on the Rettenbachferner above Sölden in the Ötztal , which initially alternated with Tignes as the organizer . The first two World Cup seasons in the late 1960s didn't open until early January. In the 1970s, the first snow criterion , which takes place every December in Val-d'Isère , was traditionally the start of the World Cup winter. Subsequently, the races in Val-d'Isère continued (mostly), but they had already started in other places beforehand. There were special features from 1985, when races were held in the southern hemisphere in August: in 1985 and 1986 there were two men's downhill runs in Las Leñas , Argentina ; in August 1989 the women rode a downhill and a super-G at the same location. There was also a giant slalom and slalom for the men on August 11th and 12th in Thredbo, Australia . Once again, in August 1990, there was a slalom and giant slalom for the men on Mount Hutt (NZE).
For the first time on 30./31. October 1993 the season started with the glacier races (one giant slalom each for women and men) in Sölden; the men held the rest of the races in late November / early December on the North American continent, while the women stayed in Europe. In 1994 there were no races at all in Sölden and now it was the other way around: the competitions in Park City for the women and Tignes for the men marked the beginning. In 1995 the men started in Tignes on November 12th, after which both women and men competed also men overseas. From 1996 it started continuously at the end of October, with Sölden and Tignes alternating at first, before only Sölden was on the program from 2000. At the start of 1997 in Tignes, in addition to the giant slalom, there was also a World Cup parallel slalom for women and men. Since 2008 there has been a slalom for men and women in Levi before moving overseas .
- Note: In the 1980s there were also competitions almost every year at the end of November under the name World Series of Skiing , which consisted of different formats (parallel slalom, giant slalom and the "usual" slalom, even one downhill) and only counted as part of the Nations Cup.
World Cup Finals
Since 1993 , the World Cup finals have taken place at the end of each season. One downhill, one super-G, one giant slalom and one slalom will be held at one venue for women and men. A team competition has also been held since 2006 .
Only the best 25 runners in each discipline are allowed to start in the individual races. In addition there are those runners who have at least 500 points in the overall ranking (400 points up to the 2008/09 season ) and the current junior world champions in the respective discipline. Only the best 15 runners receive World Cup points in the competitions of the World Cup finals.
Even in the early years of the Ski World Cup, there was sometimes a World Cup final, in which the allocation of points was partly regulated differently than in the rest of the season. There was talk of inflation points: instead of the best 15 athletes, the best 25 received World Cup points. The winner got 25 points, as was usual at the time, the second in contrast to the rest of the season 24, the third 23, etc. These finals or final races took place mostly in Canada and the USA, later also in Japan. Due to the fact that there were no TV broadcasts at the time (and there was generally reduced media interest, the results were sent to the various sports editorial offices with "short reports" by agencies or a journalist; there was also the time difference), the perception of the Compete with the sports fans. The latest finale was in the 1967/68 season, when the final point was not set until April 5th to 7th with a women's and men's slalom and giant slalom in Heavenly Valley .
As early as the 1970s and 1980s, the final competitions were sporadically concluded with a parallel slalom for women and men, which only counted towards the Nations Cup. After the introduction of the team competitions in 2005, the finals were concluded several times with it, with the format initially being held in such a way that there were super-Gs and slaloms. From 2009 there were only parallel giant slaloms.
- Organizer of the World Cup finals
- 1993 Åre
- 1994 Vail
- 1995 Bormio
- 1996 Lillehammer 3
- 1997 Vail
- 1998 Crans-Montana
- 1999 Sierra Nevada
- 2000 Bormio
- 2001 Åre
- 2002 Altenmarkt-Zauchensee / Flachau
- 2003 Lillehammer 3
- 2004 Sestriere 2
- 2005 Lenzerheide
- 2006 Åre 1
- 2007 Lenzerheide
- 2008 Bormio
- 2009 Åre
- 2010 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1st prize
- 2011 Lenzerheide
- 2012 Schladming 1st prize
- 2013 Lenzerheide
- 2014 Lenzerheide
- 2015 Méribel
- 2016 St. Moritz 1st
- 2017 Aspen
- 2018 Åre 1
- 2019 Soldeu
2020 Cortina d'Ampezzo1 4
- 2021 Lenzerheide
- 2022 Méribel / Courchevel 1
- 2023 Soldeu
In the history of the World Cup, some places have established themselves as organizers of races.
The following routes are traditional venues for men:
- the Oreiller-Killy slope in Val-d'Isère , France
- the Saslong in Val Gardena , Italy
- the Lauberhorn run in Wengen , Switzerland
- the Streif in Kitzbühel , Austria
- the Kandahar run in Garmisch , Germany
- the Pista Stelvio in Bormio , Italy
- the Birds of Prey at Beaver Creek Resort , United States
Find particularly challenging giant slaloms
- on the Chuenisbärgli in Adelboden , Switzerland
- on the Gran Risa in Alta Badia , Italy and
- on the Podkoren slope in Kranjska Gora , Slovenia
The slalom courses are particularly demanding
- on the Chuenisbärgli in Adelboden , Switzerland
- at the Lauberhorn Slalom in Wengen , Switzerland
- on the Ganslernhang in Kitzbühel , Austria and
- on the Planai in Schladming , Austria
The slalom with the most spectators has been the one on the Planai in Schladming since the 1990s , and Kitzbühel and Wengen are also known for their slalom slopes. The traditional slalom of Madonna di Campiglio was considered one of the most beautiful and difficult in the World Cup circus; it was held frequently until 2005 (albeit not every year), but only twice since then, in December 2012 and 2014. Since 2006, a slalom has been held in Adelboden every year in addition to the giant slalom, and since 2008 there have also been challenging ones in Zagreb Slaloms take place.
Kitzbühel, Wengen and Val-d'Isère have hosted the most frequent men's World Cup races so far. Most of the women's competitions took place in Cortina d'Ampezzo , Val-d'Isère and Maribor .
Big city competitions
In earlier years and decades there were occasional doctoral competitions in major cities: For example, on January 5, 1986 in Vienna (slope: Hohe Wand), where Ivano Edalini (ITA) surprisingly won ahead of Markus Wasmeier (GER). Then, on December 28, 1986 on the occasion of the 750th anniversary of Berlin on the Teufelsberg with winner Leonhard Stock (AUT) ahead of Bojan Križaj (YUG) and on January 2, 2009 in the run-up to the 2010 Olympic Games in Moscow , with Felix's victory Neureuther (GER) ahead of Jean-Baptiste Grange (FRA). There was high prize money in this competition (win: US $ 30,000, 2nd place: US $ 20,000; 3rd place: US $ 10,000)
In 2011 , a so-called City Event was held for the first time as an official part of the World Cup. A parallel slalom is held on a suitable hill or an artificial ramp . The first venue was the Olympiaberg in Munich on January 2, 2011 ; the victories went to Ivica Kostelić (CRO) and Maria Pietilä Holmner (SWE), only half World Cup points were awarded. The inferior sporting quality compared to the classic World Cup slopes should justify the attractiveness of direct duels, the proximity to the spectators and economic considerations. Only 16 racers are allowed to start at the City Events and the World Cup points awarded are counted towards the overall World Cup and, since the 2012/13 season, also towards the Slalom World Cup.
Overall world cup victories
Competition world cup victories downhill
Competition World Cup wins Super-G
|1.||Aksel Lund Svindal||Men||5|
Competition World Cup wins giant slalom
|5.||Michael von Grünigen||Men||4th|
Competition World Cup wins slalom
Competition World Cup winning combination
|2.||Kjetil André Aamodt||Men||5|
Overall Nations Cup victories
Nations Cup victories men
Nations Cup victories women
World Cup victories
|4th||Mikaela Shiffrin||Women||66 x|
Downhill World Cup victories
World Cup victories Super-G
|3.||Aksel Lund Svindal||Men||17th|
World Cup wins giant slalom
|4th||Michael von Grünigen||Men||23|
World Cup victories slalom
World Cup wins combination
|6th||Kjetil André Aamodt||Men||8th|
World Cup victories team
- ↑ Stefan Oswalt: 50 years of the Ski World Cup: The greatest was silent In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung of January 5, 2017
- ↑ «New: World Cup at the" Eternal Clock "» . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna August 11, 1966, p. 10 ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
- ↑ Messner: Victory at the first start in the slalom in Berchtesgaden in front of the entire world class - Grahn fell like in Portillo before a triumphant run . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna January 6, 1967, p. 14 ( Arbeiter-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
- ↑ Thorough revenge by the French at the giant slalom in Berchtesgaden: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th place - Schranz and Meßner only on ranks 7 and 8 . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna January 8, 1967, p. 11 ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
- ↑ Triumph of the French "total ski". World champion Killy ahead of Lacroix and Datwyler downhill winner on the Lauberhorn - Zimmermann is the only ray of hope . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna January 15, 1967, p. 12 ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
- ↑ Bright spot despite the defeat. Nancy Greene won slalom in Oberstaufen - Austrians: 6th Hecher, 7th Schinegger, 10th Zimmermann . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna January 8, 1967, p. 12 ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
- ↑ Nancy Greene towered over everyone. Oberstaufen: The Canadian also won the giant slalom . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna January 10, 1967, p. 10 , bottom left ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
- ↑ "We are only accessories". Austrian debacle also in downhill skiing - Greene winner, Mir won combination . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna January 14, 1967, p. 12 ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
- ↑ Congress Information: 26th Beirut (LIB) 1967 ( Memento of November 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (English), on the FIS website, accessed on November 4, 2014.
- ↑ Source: Volkszeitung Kärnten
- ↑ Andreas Raffeiner: FIS NEWS: Whispers from the FIS conference in Bulgaria. In: Skiweltcup.tv. Retrieved March 4, 2016 .
- ^ Ski World Cup trophy from Bodenmais. ( Memento from June 25, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Note: This is not shown in the FIS results lists that can be queried on the Internet today, there these races only appear under “Olympic Games” or “World Championships”, but not under “World Cup”, which occasionally leads to incorrect statistics regarding the number of World Cup victories. In any case, it is understandable that the results of these races were included in the World Cup rankings of the corresponding years.
- ↑ Regulations of the FIS Alpine Ski World Cup, Section 9 Ranking of Competitors / Creation of Start Lists ( Memento from August 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 585 kB), on: FIS-ski.com, p. 34.
- ^ Workers' newspaper Vienna.
- ↑ Overview of all previous World Cup locations. On: ski-db.com. (English).
- ↑ Source: APA
- ↑ Ski World Cup in Munich - The market demands: a spectacle! In: sueddeutsche.de. January 2, 2011.
- ↑ City Slalom: Points and bonuses - Riesch excited. In: Rhein-Zeitung . January 1, 2011, accessed March 4, 2016 .