The term season (from French season " season "; plural: seasons, Austrian also seasons) describes a recurring period of a year. Originally, natural seasonal conditions, especially in agriculture (sowing, harvesting) and in the construction industry, were a prerequisite for a season. For a long time, however, the word has also been used for intensive times in hunting and fishing .
Today the season rules a variety of social and commercial areas. examples for this are
- in the service industry the tourist , holiday or swimming season ( high and low season ),
- in sport, the time of competitions (soccer or ski season),
- in the culture and entertainment industry, the opera, drama or film season ( season ) and the season of the showmen
- in fashion the spring / summer or autumn / winter seasons
Typical periods of time with intensive activity in agriculture are, for example
- the asparagus harvest in May and June with the marketing to gastronomy and end consumers ,
- the cherry harvest in June and July with further processing into juice and liqueur ,
- the apricot harvest in the Wachau (from July)
- the grape harvest in late summer with simultaneous pressing ,
- the sugar campaign in the fall, to which the sugar beet crop of the fields in the sugar mills is introduced.
For farms that therefore do not work at full capacity all year round ( seasonal farms ), additional workers are traditionally employed as harvest workers for the respective main working periods (so-called seasonal work ).