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People in employment

Activity ( activity ) refers to an act of man, and can include both physical and mental tasks. If activities directly serve to pass the time and gain pleasure in the active person, they are referred to as games . Activities that are purposefully and purposefully geared towards the fulfillment of certain individual and social obligations are referred to as work .

In the sociology of work, a distinction is made between professional or gainful employment , housework and family work (reproductive work) and voluntary work. This can be a field of activity in the public sector, e.g. B. Politics, Culture; or in the private sphere of leisure time (e.g. hobbies ).

Activities of institutions that are planned and implemented by committees on the basis of the statutes or the set of rules are referred to as activity . These activities are usually complex and difficult to keep track of.

The opposite of activity is passivity.

Activities as part of tasks

Tasks are options for work or action with which a specific goal should be achieved. Activities, on the other hand, are subordinate acts that serve to fulfill the tasks . A task therefore consists of several activities.

Effects of activities on people

Today, an active person is generally considered to be someone with a positive outlook on life who performs and brings about socially or individually relevant things. To achieve this, he must actively deal with his living environment.

In the course of work, people gain experience and learn from them. Activities are a fundamental way of gaining experience and acquiring skills . This means that in the activities, especially in the underlying motives , on the one hand the personality of the person is expressed and on the other hand the person develops as a personality. However, humans are not passively at the mercy of this development; they can influence this development through targeted actions that are oriented towards future results. This shows that activity depicts a retrospective view of life history, while actions are geared towards future goals.

Differentiated activity requires the development of skills. Activities that are demanding must therefore be practiced or trained. In turn, they help to find one's way in different or new situations, to assert oneself or to benefit from it. Socialization takes place in the exercise of activities .

Different activities can be divided into temporal or local areas of life, e.g. B. Leisure vs. Gainful employment. The coordination of these different areas gives rise to terms such as work-life balance or life-domain balance .

See also


  • H. Schüpbach: Industrial and organizational psychology. (UTB basics series). Ernst Reinhardt, Munich 2013.

Web links

Wiktionary: Activity  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Duden | Activity | Spelling, meaning, definition, origin. Retrieved April 30, 2019 .