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The gastronomy is that part of the hospitality industry that deals with the entertainment of guests . In contrast to the restaurants , gastronomy not only satisfies hunger and thirst , but also the cultural need for experience and communication . Gastronomy is a special form of communal catering .

Word origin

The internationalism of gastronomy can be traced back to the actual meaning of 'gastric knowledge' ( ancient Greek γαστρονομία gastronomía ). "Gastronomía" is made up of γαστήρ gastḗr , genitive γαστρός gastrós (German: "belly, stomach") and the word ending -nomia ('subject'). It was originally borrowed from γαστρολογία gastrología ('doctrine of the care of the abdomen').

The term gastronomy found its way into the German language in the 19th century; he stood for the upscale gastronomy or for the culinary art . The spread of the term was probably facilitated by the similarity with the German word Gast , which is not etymologically related .

Types and services of gastronomy

There are different types of gastronomy, with a focus on different services: bars , bistros , hotels , pubs , restaurants , but also snack bars and events offer gastronomy. A distinction is made between indoor catering in buildings and outdoor catering in the open.

A gastronomic service is a combination of various factors:


From the traditional gastronomy, which only supplied the guests with food and drinks, new forms have developed. While guests in the restaurant chains expect well-defined standards, the gastronomic experience additional entertainment to the fore. These are different concepts that specialize in areas such as:

Operating modes

The catering establishments can be further classified according to their main types of operation:

See also


  • Klaus-Peter Fritz, Daniela Wagner (Ed.): Research field gastronomy: Basics - attitudes - consumers . ISBN 978-3-658-05194-5 .

Web links

Wiktionary: Gastronomy  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Markus Zeller: The relevance of gastronomy as an instrument of brand communication . Springer-Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-8349-1663-1 ( [accessed December 17, 2017]).
  2. Christian Mikunda, Marketing feel: Welcome to the third place , 2002, p. 119 ff.
  3. Ursula Hermann: Knaurs etymological lexicon . 1983, p. 173
  4. Gastronomy. In: Digital dictionary of the German language . Retrieved December 17, 2017
  5. Thomas Kästle: Compendium Event Organization: plan and carry out business and cultural events professionally . Springer-Verlag, 2012, ISBN 978-3-8349-3111-5 ( [accessed December 17, 2017]).
  6. ^ DEHOGA, German hotel and restaurant band: DEHOGA Bundesverband: Betriebsarten. Retrieved December 20, 2017 .
  7. Christine Schneider: Success factors in small service companies: An analysis using the example of gastronomy . Springer-Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-8349-9978-8 ( [accessed December 17, 2017]).
  8. Alexander Emmerich: Duden general education. Fresh knowledge: smartphone, smoothie, summer fairy tale: new terms of the 21st century . Bibliographisches Institut, 2014, ISBN 978-3-411-90766-3 ( [accessed December 20, 2017]).
  9. Henckel Dietrich: Leisure and commune: terms, definitions, explanations . Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin, 2007, ISBN 978-3-7983-2008-6 ( [accessed December 20, 2017]).
  10. ^ Klaus-Peter Fritz, Daniela Wagner: Research Field Gastronomy: Basics - Attitudes - Consumers . Springer-Verlag, 2014, ISBN 978-3-658-05195-2 ( [accessed December 21, 2017]).