The ending -nomie goes back to ancient Greek νόμος nómos , German 'law, regulation, rule, custom, custom' and often means researching the regularity or the (natural) regularities of a thing. As with words with the ending -logie , the science of something is often meant, but more often also non-scientific or application-related areas. The use of this ending is mostly historical and occasionally not logically correct.
Areas whose names only differ in that one ends in -nomie and the other in -logie, often have no overlaps ( e.g. gastrology and gastronomy , ecology and economy ). In individual cases, the two endings also distinguish scientific from non-scientific or outdated traditions, such as bsw. in physiology and physiognomy . A counterexample is astrology and astronomy , the latter denoting science and the former denoting the non-scientific area of application.
- Aeronomy = study of the air, branch of meteorology
- Agronomy = agriculture, agricultural science
- Anomie = state of lawlessness
- Antinomy = logical contradiction
- Astronomy = astronomy, scientific celestial science
- Autonomy = self-determination
- Biostratinomy = study of the arrangement of fossils
- Eidonomy = doctrine of the external shape of an organism
- Ergonomics = (part of) Industrial Science
- Gastronomy = commercial culinary art
- Haptonomy = alternative medical procedure
- Heteronomy = outside determination
- Holonomy = term in mathematics
- Homonomy = equality of parts (biology)
- Isonomy = political equality
- Economy = economics (science)
- Paranomy = use of wrong names
- Physionomy = study of the laws of nature
- Taxonomy = systematization
- Teleonomy = (apparent) purposefulness
- Theonomy = determination by divine law
- Wilhelm Pape , Max Sengebusch (arrangement): Concise dictionary of the Greek language . 3rd edition, 6th impression. Vieweg & Sohn, Braunschweig 1914 ( zeno.org [accessed on October 9, 2019]).