Fédération Internationale de Ski
|Fédération Internationale de Ski|
|Place of establishment||
Chamonix-Mont-Blanc , France
|societies||132 (as of 2018)|
Oberhofen am Thunersee , Switzerland
English , French ,
German and Russian
The Fédération Internationale de Ski ( FIS for short ) is the international ski association. The association is based in Oberhofen on Lake Thun in Switzerland . The abbreviation FIS is used in all languages. The FIS is responsible for both popular and top-class sport, for example it issues the FIS rules for behavior on ski slopes.
There are currently 132 member associations affiliated (as of 2018) .
Foundation and the first years
The founding of the predecessor association CIS (International Ski Commission) was decided on February 18, 1910 in Christiania (NOR) by delegates from ten countries. One year later, in March 1911, the first internationally valid set of rules was adopted.
- On February 2, 1924 in Chamonix as part of the "International Winter Sports Week", which was later to be recognized as the 1st Olympic Winter Games , 36 delegates from 14 countries decided to found the FIS, which replaced the CIS.
- Initially, the FIS was only responsible for Nordic skiing. After the Scandinavian countries had given up their resistance, it was decided at the 11th FIS Congress (February 24-26, 1930 in Oslo ) to include alpine skiing ( downhill , slalom and alpine combination ) in the rules, on application Great Britain , in which the British ski pioneer Arnold Lunn, as co-founder of the Arlberg-Kandahar races, played a major role. The simple sentence "Downhill and slalom races can be organized" was written into the rules - a sentence that was to change skiing in the long term.
- 1932: A proposal for European championships was postponed unanimously.
The rules for downhill and slalom have been adapted.
Australia became a FIS member.
- In 1933 the first complete FIS world fights took place in Innsbruck, which can therefore be considered the 1st world championship.
- 1936: Arranging the World Championships: the first to take place in Chamonix next year.
Statutes will be adapted for the new downhill / slalom committee.
- In 1938, ski flying , a variation of ski jumping, was recognized as a discipline, but rules were not worked out until after the Second World War .
The post-war years
- 1946: In addition to the cancellation of the 1941 World Championships, three new technical committees were set up: cross-country skiing (with the Swede Sigge Bergman (born July 5, 1931 in Luleå - died January 6, 2001 in Rättvik )) and ski jumping (with the Chairman Sigmund Ruud from Norway) and »women« (chairwoman: Elsa Roth , Switzerland).
On September 15, 1946, Austria was re-admitted to the FIS.
- 1949: The Swiss Marc Hodler became chairman of the downhill slalom committee, which was previously led by Sir Arnold Lunn .
- 1951: The Nordic women's ski competitions were included in the 1952 Winter Olympics.
The development of ski flying should be monitored.
Marc Hodler became the new FIS President.
- 1953: Immediately after the opening on the afternoon of May 27th, the membership applications from New Zealand and Pakistan as well as the Saarland Skiers and Mountaineers Association were approved. On the other hand, Colombia's application was postponed until the necessary documents were submitted.
New rules for the world championships have been drawn up and annual conferences have been introduced for the creation of the calendar for international championships. Accordingly, there were subdivisions into a) World Ski Championships and Olympic Games, b) international competitions that are held on the FIS calendar, c) regional competitions in which runners from several countries take part (e.g. Scandinavian races, flat country races, Alpine country races), d) competitions with foreign participation, d. H. national races of a small kind, in which individual foreigners take part. - The FIS regulations were binding for points a) and b), in principle also for c), but the national federations were allowed to make minor changes in the interests of simplification. For the last point, the implementation permit was given according to the regulations of the organizing association, this had to be clearly stated in the invitations.
With regard to ski jumping, it was decided that there are only two rounds at world championships, and the approach could not be changed if a jumper reached the critical point.
For the Nordic combination, a commission of experts was appointed for the spreadsheets on the basis of a request from Finland, the alpine combination should also be re-studied, but the 1954 World Championships should still be carried out according to the previous ratings. Instead of the 18-km cross-country skiing, the 15-km cross-country skiing was sanctioned, based on the Scandinavian tradition, it should now be 15, 30 and 50 km.
There were also improvements in the alpine area, especially to increase the safety of the racing drivers. In the slalom, it was specified that in future the line between the pole locations when going through the gates of the ski from the tip to behind the binding.
It was also decided that the number of FIS committees should not exceed ten.
The program of international competitions was expanded to include 3 × 5 km women’s cross-country skiing and Alpine Combination was re-included in the program.
There were several new elections, with Marc Hodler being re-elected as President and Arnold Kaech as General Secretary by acclamation.
On the fringes of the congress, delegations from the associations that are particularly involved in alpine racing spoke about reducing the number of international events, with Austria calling for a larger number of races, citing the importance of its skiing.
Already in the run-up to the congress there had been fears from Germany (Garmisch-Partenkirchen figured as a candidate) because of the Olympic candidacy in 1960 that Austria might use the opportunity of the congress in Innsbruck to create a good starting position. In addition, President Marc Hodler immediately announced that there had been no discussions in this regard, the FIS also had no influence on the place of implementation, because the IOC was responsible for this. And ultimately the FIS has no intention of getting involved in negotiations on this matter. That would only happen if the technically flawless execution of the ski competitions was not guaranteed.
- 1955: At the 20th FIS Congress in Montreux , the Alpine and Nordic World Ski Championships were awarded to Bad Gastein and Lahti and the ski program for the 1956 Winter Olympics was established. In addition, there was an amendment to the amateur regulations, according to which “no racer is qualified for races who agrees or does not protest when his name, title or photograph is used in advertisements or in any form of publicity for advertising sporting goods. This provision applies regardless of whether the runner derives material benefit from the publication in return or not ».
In addition, Zeno Colò was invited to provide evidence of his amateur status by September 1st. Stein Eriksen and Lucienne Schmith-Couttet were informed of their disqualification in writing. Even Christian Pravda remained blocked because he could not convince the FIS that his disqualification is done wrongly.
- 1957: At the congress in Dubrovnik (May 30th to June 14th) a "seed list" was introduced in alpine skiing, the order was determined according to the successes achieved in the races.
A commission was proposed to study the advantages and disadvantages of cross-country skiing competitions at high altitudes (1,000 m and above).
The »FIS Bulletin« appeared for the first time.
The International Olympic Committee will henceforth pay attention to the reports of the international associations when inspecting the venues before the city where the Games are organized is named.
- 1959: At the 22nd FIS Congress in Stockholm from June 10th to 13th, the sad events of last winter (deaths of John Semmellink and Toni Mark ) were reacted to with stricter safety rules for downhill races . One of the measures was the establishment of an official training session, which should give the racers the opportunity to race the entire route at least once. This arrangement was first used on January 8, 1960, before the Lauberhorn descent, which took place one day later.
The electrical timing has been adapted for cross-country skiing.
Women's 5km cross-country skiing was included in the 1962 World Championships.
There was a new classification for Nordic Combined.
Deletion of the " Toni Sailer case " from the agenda, as Sailer had announced his decision to withdraw from active skiing (this made questions about his amateur characteristics, which were mainly related to his film career, obsolete). In addition, without naming specific names, there was a fundamental decision by 45 votes against 18 to award the 1962 World Championships to two cities.
Marc Hodler was re-elected President.
- 1961: New types of classification for Nordic and Alpine combined were adapted.
It was decided that the ski jumping competitions at the Nordic World Championships would be organized with 2 jumps (70 and 90 m) from 1962.
Non-amateurs are excluded from the Olympic Games: "Olympic participants must have a civilian profession".
The cooperation with the departments for sports medicine and physiology on an international level has been strengthened.
For each competition on the international calendar, a fee of 150 Swiss francs has to be paid.
The Swiss Arnold Kaech replaced the Swede Sigge Bergmann as FIS General Secretary.
- 1963: The first World Ski Championships at a location in the southern hemisphere, Portillo de Chile, were awarded. The 1962 Alpine World Championships in Chamonix were officially recognized. Oslo was entrusted with the implementation of the Nordic World Ski Championships in 1966, whereby the additional decision was made to only award world championships in the Nordic area to locations below 1,500 m above sea level.
The cost of the FIS budget from 1963 to 1965 was estimated at 155,400 Swiss francs.
Marc Hodler was confirmed in his office as was General Secretary Sigge Bergmann from Sweden; there were three new delegates on the board of directors. Mamaia was designated as the congress venue in 1964 (it was correct in 1965), and Cyprus and Outer Mongolia were accepted as new members.
- In 1965 the FIS recognized speed skiing and passed corresponding rules. Furthermore, the Olympic Winter Games in 1924 were subsequently recognized as the 1st World Championships.
1967: The FIS took over the just installed Alpine Ski World Cup
- In 1967 in Beirut (May 16 to 21) was the acquisition of the Alpine World Cup by the French sports newspaper L'Equipe and Serge Lang , the president of Association Internationale des Journalistes de Ski (AIJS), and the introduction of rules of conduct for skiers decided . A source of money that was already recognized at the time was tapped: "TV rights for the world championships will be the exclusive property of FIS, which will negotiate directly with the TV companies". The Congress also stated that the FIS is responsible for all types of skiing in which one moves through the interplay of muscle and gravity and which is carried out on the ground or any other type of natural or artificial surface.
Resolutions were also passed with regard to the alpine skiing competitions at the 1968 Winter Olympics: it was determined that the timekeeping must be accurate to a thousandth of a second, and the program sequence was subsequently determined.
In addition, the World Ski Championships for 1970 were awarded in both the Alpine ( Val Gardena ) and Nordic ( Vysoké Tatry ) areas.
It was decided to use feminine controls.
Finally, on May 21, Marc Hodler and his deputy Sigge Bergman were re-elected by acclamation.
The fact that the press was still not allowed to attend this congress was a bit peculiar, so that only messages from representatives of the ski associations or official bulletins provided information about the progress.
- 1968: Total revision of the statutes.
The national federations took control of the relationship between athletes and manufacturers of sports equipment.
- In 1971 it was decided to introduce ski flying world championships , with Planica in 1972 and Oberstdorf in 1973 as the first organizer locations; thereafter these championships should only take place every two years.
Furthermore, there were adjustments to the guidelines of the International Olympic Committee with regard to the amateur regulations, although contrary to these (loss of earnings compensation to amateur athletes for training and competition for 60 days a year) 3½ months were set. Other important points of the FIS decisions: Skiers are not allowed to make any personal profit from their sporting activity (they are prohibited from providing names, pictures, successes, prizes and trophies for advertising purposes); Outfitters must be recognized by the national association and donations must be transferred to them; company inscriptions on skis are limited in size and equipment may not bear company or brand names.
The FIS Congress in Abazzia also decided to introduce the European Cup instead of the World Cup B competition; Furthermore, the so-called “host rule” (double the quota, maximum 20 starters) was restricted to the fact that this is only allowed for two races at the same location (there is no additional permit for more than two races). Eligibility for participation per nation was reduced from 50 to 40 FIS points per runner and from 70 to 60 FIS points for female runners; only smaller countries are allowed to provide 2 riders each, regardless of the FIS points. The ÖSV request that the women's teams in the alpine area at the Olympics should be increased from 6 to 8 was accepted subject to the approval of the IOC.
The requests to increase the starting fields per country and competition at World Championships and Olympic Games from 4 to 5 and to hold the women's giant slalom in two rounds were not accepted (for the latter it was said that attempts should only be made, but not in the World Cup; one A decision could be made at the next congress in 1973).
In the technical sector, it was stipulated that the slalom must contain at least two to three verticals and four hairpins (the distance between the gates at 75 cm and the width of the slalom gates at 4 to 5 meters) Carrying out alpine races should not be taken lightly as before (no Japanese was taken into account as course setter).
After 1976, candidacies for Olympic Winter Games and World Championships may only be considered if their cross-country skiing area is 1,650 m above sea level; In addition, from 1974 the women's relay will consist of four (no longer three) runners.
European Junior Alpine World Championships have been scheduled. The FIS budget for 1971 to 1973 was estimated at CHF 780,000.
- In 1973 the decision was made to give better bonuses to the all-rounders in the World Cup: racers who score points in two competitions (downhill plus giant slalom or downhill plus slalom) at a World Cup event on one weekend receive double the total number of points.
Another difficult point was the "notorious" section 26 of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the amateur section. For the time being, there had been a (tightened) declaration by the associations of Italy, France, Switzerland and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), which had the aim of authorizing the national associations so that in the future they should decide for themselves whether one of their runners had the Olympic qualifications meet or not. After much deliberation, however, a modified proposal to the IOC was drawn up on the advice of President Marc Hodler.
The regulations on advertising labels have been made more precise: They must not exceed a height of 20 millimeters and crash helmets or headgear may not have any company logos on the outside.
Ultimately, President Hodler was re-elected by acclamation.
- In 1975 there was an improvement in the rules with regard to the parallel slalom, probably bearing in mind the allegations of manipulation at the men's World Cup final in March 1975.
Nomination of Garmisch-Partenkirchen for the Alpine and Lahti for the Nordic World Ski Championships.
Adaptation of new qualification rules to provide for a category of runners who cannot participate in the Olympic Games.
Coated racing suits were banned.
To be on the safe side, FIS President Marc Hodler stated that the approval of ski races should be monitored regularly for the constant increase in speed, which becomes excessive and makes falls uncontrollable. Current races, which are too straightforward, should be modified and made more technical to limit speed.
Gian Franco Kasper was suggested as a contact person for the FIS administration.
- In 1977 an equipment committee was entrusted with approving all innovations to strengthen security - a prohibited list was published, which should clarify the nature of the racing suits; Accordingly, the suits and also the clothing worn underneath for alpine runners and ski jumpers were not allowed to be plasticized inside or out and not treated with any chemical agents.
868 Alpine and 422 Nordic competitions appeared on the 1976/77 calendar.
Adaptation of a code of conduct for cross-country skiers, similar to that for alpine skiers.
The cross-country skiing world cup was provisionally recognized, but it was not until the 1981/82 season that it was officially held for the first time. This year the FIS was also responsible for freestyle skiing .
- Two years later, in 1979, the Ski Jumping World Cup was introduced, grass skiing and ski acrobatics were recognized as disciplines.
Wearing helmets became compulsory for ski jumpers. It was reported that ski jumping is practiced in 17 countries.
The Alpine Combination at the World Championships became a separate competition, which is carried out with special rules. Downhill and slalom are on the program of this competition. This formula replaces the previous one, which included the classification of the 3 at the World Championships.
The Nordic Junior World Championship replaces the European Championship.
Furthermore, the Nordic World Ski Championships were awarded to Oslo and the Alpine World Ski Championships to Schladming for 1982 .
- 1981: Presentation of a new giant slalom, which is longer, faster and is run in a single run: the "Super-G"; the women’s 20 km complete the Olympic program in cross-country skiing and the introduction of 4 new competitions that count for the world championships: team jumping, team competition in Nordic combined, free-style skiing for seniors and juniors
- In 1983 the decision was made to separate World Championships from Olympic Games and to hold them every two years. The Nordic combined also got a World Cup.
There was also the decision to "reamateurise" Hanni Wenzel (or it was said that the board had nothing against such a measure), while the similar "Causa Ingemar Stenmark " was passed on to the International Olympic Committee.
In addition, the Alpine and Nordic World Ski Championships in 1985 were awarded to Bormio and Seefeld, but also those for 1987 in Crans-Montana and Oberstdorf.
- Details of the allocation of the World Ski Championships: Applicants were Briançon (FRA), Aspen (USA); Kranjska Gora (YUG = SLO), Jasna (ČSSR), Åre (SWE), Valtellina (ITA), Crans-Montana (SUI) and a Bulgarian station; on May 15, Crans-Montana was nominated in the 3rd ballot for 1987; in the Nordic group, Seefeld was preferred to Falun (SWE) for 1985; Oberstdorf won against Autrans (FRA) in 1987.
Marc Hodler was confirmed as president and went into the 33rd and 34th year of office.
- Details of the allocation of the World Ski Championships: Applicants were Briançon (FRA), Aspen (USA); Kranjska Gora (YUG = SLO), Jasna (ČSSR), Åre (SWE), Valtellina (ITA), Crans-Montana (SUI) and a Bulgarian station; on May 15, Crans-Montana was nominated in the 3rd ballot for 1987; in the Nordic group, Seefeld was preferred to Falun (SWE) for 1985; Oberstdorf won against Autrans (FRA) in 1987.
- In 1985, the Super-G was added as a further discipline for world championships (first planned for 1987).
The 1986 World Ski Flying Championships were awarded to Austria (Kulm).
Certain advertising regulations were relaxed: according to this, racers were now allowed to use 30 square centimeters on their headgear and clothing for personal advertising. A proposal by the Swiss Association to use the start numbers as advertising space was rejected.
Another decision read: The allocation of World Cup races to the national associations should take place in a so-called package form, which should prevent long trips.
For athletes with regard to their nationality, exact regulations have been issued for participation in world championships, according to which they are citizens of the relevant association or have a valid passport of this country.
- 1988: The world championship venues for 1991 in the Alpine and Nordic disciplines were determined. In the alpine area , Saalbach-Hinterglemm emerged as the winner in the first ballot. Val di Fiemme was awarded the Nordic World Championships. The 1993 Alpine World Ski Championships have also been awarded to Morioka - Shizukuishi in Japan.
At the congress in Istanbul , the "safety pin matter" from the women's World Cup giant slalom in Lech on January 9th with the disqualifications by Heinz Krecek of several ÖSV runners came up for debate. The ski association asked to rewrite what a start number is. The ÖSV itself submitted a three-page definition. Nevertheless, the measures taken by Heinz Krecek were confirmed. It was said, however, that the accumulation of offices should be avoided in the future.
From the 1990s
- In 1990 the FIS court was established and the ski flying world cup was introduced.
Blood samples were introduced in connection with anti-doping tests.
The new home of the FIS in the so-called "FIS House" in Oberhofen am Thunersee was officially opened.
- At the 38th FIS congress in Budapest on June 12, 1992 the world championships in freestyle skiing in 1993 at Altenmarkt im Pongau , furthermore the "classic" ones for 1997 at Trondheim (Nordic - an agreement of 58 to 43 compared to Ramsau am Dachstein ) and Sestriere (alpine) awarded.
- In 1994 the sport of roller skiing got its own set of rules and the decision was made to make snowboarding an FIS discipline.
- In 1996, an amendment to Article 208.5 was resolved, according to which athletes who have already competed in international competitions for a national federation, in the event of a change of citizenship and national federation, must also present a declaration of consent from the previous national federation in addition to requirements 208.5 be able to participate in international FIS competitions for a new national federation. Without consent, there is a ban of 12 months from the date of deregistration. - Another change concerned article 226: "Every national ski association affiliated to the FIS and only this is entitled to conclude agreements which concern television broadcasts of international ski events organized by the association in its country. Such agreements are to be prepared and after consultation with the FIS are intended to represent the interests of skiing, snowboarding and the national ski associations. This applies to the broadcasting area in their own country as well as to broadcasting in broadcasting areas of other countries (broadcasting rights). Exceptions are the Olympic Winter Games and World Championships, which belong to the IOC or the FIS. "
- For the 1999 world championship program, a parallel mogul slope event for men and women was also decided in 1996 as an addition. Furthermore, Grasski got its own World Cup, two years later, in 1998, it was decided to organize its own world championships for roller skis. In the same year the FIS had 100 member associations for the first time.
- Several minor changes have been made to rules, competitions and disciplines over the past 10 years. Among other things, after the defeat at the international sports court against Stefan Luitz, the ban on oxygen bottles on the competition area was transferred from the anti-doping rules to the competition regulations in the summer of 2019 .
- In 2021 Johan Eliasch was elected as the new President of the FIS.
The FIS is organized in several organs , each of which has specific tasks. A distinction can be made here mainly between the decision-making bodies and the advisory bodies.
Congress The Congress , the supreme body within the FIS, met a total of 46 times until 2008, usually every two years. In addition to the task of making changes to the regulations, he elects the board and advises on the admission and exclusion of member associations as well as the competition calendar.
Board of Directors Since the congresses only take place every two years, the board of directors elected by the congress is the highest authority of the FIS in the meantime. He awards the world championships, he can also temporarily block member associations and submit applications to the congress, which is prepared by the board. Decisions that are normally made by Congress only last until the next Congress, if the Board makes them.
FIS court The FIS court is used in disputes between member associations and in complaints about the board of directors. In addition, the executive committee can ask the FIS court to decide further cases.
Committees As well as sub-committees and other working groups, committees are appointed by the board of directors. This is advised by the committees, and they also carry out technical tasks, for example.
For competition tasks
Competition juries If competition rules are violated, competition juries decide. In the event of a serious breach of the rules, you can also leave the case to the complaints committee for assessment.
Complaint committees In addition to the cases referred to them by the competition jury, the complaint committees also make the decisions when a judgment is lodged by the competition jury.
Auditors The auditors check the board of directors' accounts, on which they report to the congress in writing.
General Secretariat The General Secretariat located in Switzerland is responsible for the administration of the FIS.
The FIS as a monopoly world association is often criticized for its very far-reaching association rules. So it is the individual athlete z. B. completely forbidden to market his person and to conclude contracts with sponsors and partners in this regard. Only the national association can do this, which in turn harbors the risk of conflicting interests because it tends to focus on its own interests or those of the partner and not the interests of the athletes. Quite a few voices consider the FIS regulations to be (antitrust) illegal because they restrict competition on the supplier and demand side and interfere far too far with the personal rights of the athletes without this being justified by sport-specific objectives.
- Nordic skiing (since 1910 and 1924)
- Alpine skiing (since 1930)
- Speed race (since 1965)
- Freestyle (since 1977)
- Snowboard (since 1994)
- Grasski (since 1979)
- Rollerski (since 1994)
The FIS organizes several major events in each sport, and several of the organized sports are Olympic.
Since 1957, the FIS (together with the other winter sports associations) has been consulted by the IOC when choosing the venue. She also oversees rules and nominations for ski and snowboard competitions. Of the FIS disciplines, snowboard, freestyle, alpine skiing and the three Nordic skiing competitions are Olympic.
The FIS organizes the following world championships:
- Nordic World Ski Championships
- Alpine World Ski Championships
- Ski flying world championship
- Snowboard world championships
- Freestyle skiing world championships
- Grass ski world championship
- Rollerski World Championships
- Telemark World Championship
- Speed ski world championship
There are also Junior World Championships in all disciplines, for example:
In contrast to some summer and team sports, the continental championships do not have a high priority in most FIS disciplines. However, there are European and American championships in almost all sports, and Asian championships are also held.
Other major events
In addition to the international championships, some of the national championships are also organized by the FIS. Especially in countries that are also internationally successful, the national championship can be a kind of preliminary round.
In addition, many FIS sports are represented at other events such as the Universiade . There are also some junior and youth championships.
→ main products: Alpine World Cup , cross-country skiing World Cup , ski jumping World Cup , Nordic Combined World Cup , snowboarding World Cup , freestyle skiing World Cup , Grasski World Cup , the speed skiing World Cup
The "premier class" of the FIS competition series is the World Cup . In the sports in which it is organized there are not only the overall World Cup, the so-called "Big Crystal Ball", but also discipline World Cups, the so-called "Small Crystal Ball". The Grass Ski World Cup is an exception, where only the overall winners receive a World Cup trophy. For the Nations or Team World Cup, the scores of women and men are added together.
Lower class races
Similar to the major events, there are also lower-class competition series. In addition to the Continental Cups (especially the European Cup and the Nor-Am Cup in alpine skiing ) and the Cross-Country Marathon Cup , this also includes FIS races and the B World Cup, which is held in some disciplines. In the Nordic Combined a system had been established by the 2007/2008 season in which the athletes alternated between the A World Cup and the B World Cup when they performed poorly or well.
List of FIS abbreviations
- AL = Alpine skiing
- CC = cross-country skiing (ger .: Cross Country )
- FS = freestyle skiing
- GS = grass ski
- JP = Ski Jumping (ger .: Ski Jumping )
- NK = Nordic combination
- SB = snowboard
- SS = speed skiing (ger .: Speed Skiing )
- TM = telemarking
Since the FIS has its own abbreviations for every competition, including many lower-class events, only a small selection is mentioned here. Only the World Cups, major events and other competitions that are of particular importance for the sport are listed.
- WCS = FIS World Cup ski jumping (including ski flying)
- COCS-H = FIS Continental Cup ski jumping (men)
- GPS = FIS Grand Prix ski jumping
In its 94-year history, the FIS has only had four presidents. While Østgård had already been Vice President before his term in office and Kasper held the office of General Secretary, Hodler had previously acted as head of the Alpine Skiing Committee and member of the FIS Board of Directors.
|Term of office||Surname||nationality|
|1934-1951||Nikolai Ramm Østgaard||Norway|
|1998-2021||Gian Franco Kasper||Switzerland|
|2021 – today||Johan Eliasch||Sweden|
To date, the FIS Congress has met 48 times. As a rule, the events take place every two years.
The FIS currently has 132 member associations (as of 2018) .
|001||AFG||Afghanistan||Ski Federation of Afghanistan||AFG|
|002||ALB||Albania||Albanian Skiing Federation||CEP|
|003||ALG||Algeria||Fédération Algérienne de Ski et Sports de Montagne||FASSM|
|004||AND||Andorra||Federacio Andorrana d'Esqui||FAE|||
|005||ARG||Argentina||Federacion Argentina de Ski y Andinismo||FASA|||
|006||POOR||Armenia||Armenian Ski Federation||ASFA|||
|007||ASA||American Samoa||American Samoa Ski Association|
|008||OUT||Australia||Ski & Snowboard Australia||SSA|||
|009||AUT||Austria||Austrian Ski Association||ÖSV|||
|010||AZE||Azerbaijan||Azerbaijan Ski Federation|
|011||BAH||Bahamas||Bahamas Ski Association|||
|012||BAR||Barbados||Barbados Ski Association|
|013||BEL||Belgium||Vlaamse Ski en Snowboard Federatie||VSSF|||
|014||BER||Bermuda||Bermuda Winter Ski Association|
|015||BIH||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Ski Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina|
|016||BLR||Belarus||Belarus Ski Union|
|017||BOL||Bolivia||Federación Boliviana de Ski|
|018||BRA||Brazil||Confederação Brasileira de Desportos na Neve||CBDN||[8th]|
|019||BUL||Bulgaria||Bulgarian Ski Federation|
|020||CAN||Canada||Canadian Snowsports Association||CSA|||
|021||CAY||Cayman Islands||Cayman Islands Confederation|
|022||CHI||Chile||Federación de Ski y Snowboard de Chile||FECHIS|||
|023||CHN||People's Republic of China||Chinese Ski Association|||
|024||CMR||Cameroon||Federation de Ski de Cameroun|
|025||COL||Colombia||Colombian Ski Team|
|026||CRC||Costa Rica||Costa Rica Ski Association|
|027||CRO||Croatia||Hrvatski Skijaški Savez||CROSKI|||
|028||CYP||Cyprus||Cyprus Ski Federation|||
|029||CZE||Czech Republic||Svaz lyžařů České Republiky||SLCR|||
|030||DAN||Denmark||Danmarks Ski Association|||
|031||DMA||Dominica||Dominica Ski Association|
|032||DOM||Dominican Republic||Fed. Dominicana de Patinaje y Deportes de Invierno|||
|033||ECU||Ecuador||Ecuador Ski Federation|
|034||EGY||Egypt||Association de Ski de l'Egypte|
|035||ERI||Eritrea||Eritrean National Olympic Committee|
|036||ESA||El Salvador||Federacion Salvadorena de Nieve Y Hielo|
|037||ESP||Spain||Real Federación Española Deportes de Invierno|||
|039||SWZ||Eswatini||Swaziland Ski Association|
|040||ETH||Ethiopia||Ethiopian National Ski Federation|
|041||FIJ||Fiji||Fiji National Olympic Committee|
|043||FRA||France||Fédération Française de Ski||FFS|||
|044||GBR||Great Britain||British Ski and Snowboard||BSS|||
|045||GEO||Georgia||Winter Sports Federation of Georgia||WSFG|
|046||GER||Germany||German Ski Association||DSV|||
|047||GHA||Ghana||National Ski Association of Ghana|
|048||GRE||Greece||Hellenic Ski Federation||EOX|||
|049||GRN||Grenada||Grenada International Sports Foundation|
|050||GUA||Guatemala||Guatemalan Alpine Winter Sports Association|
|051||GUY||Guyana||Guyana Ski Federation|
|052||HAI||Haiti||Federation of Haitienne de Ski|
|053||HKG||Hong Kong||Ski Association of Hong Kong|
|054||HON||Honduras||Honduras Ski Association|
|055||HUN||Hungary||Magyar Sí Szövetség||MSS|||
|056||IND||India||Winter Games Federation of India||WGFI|
|057||IRA||Iran||Iran Ski Federation|||
|058||IRISHMAN||Ireland||Ski Association of Ireland|
|060||ISR||Israel||Israel Ski Federation|
|061||ISV||American Virgin Islands||US Virgin Islands Ski Federation|
|061||ITA||Italy||Federazione Italiana Sport Invernali||FISI|||
|063||IVB||British Virgin Islands||British Virgin Islands Ski Association|||
|064||JAM||Jamaica||Jamaica Ski Federation|
|065||JOR||Jordan||Jordan Olympic Committee|
|066||JPN||Japan||Ski Association of Japan||SAJ|||
|067||KAZ||Kazakhstan||Ski Association of the Republic of Kazakhstan|
|068||KEN||Kenya||Kenya Ski Federation|
|069||KGZ||Kyrgyzstan||Ski Federation of Kyrgyzstan|
|070||COR||South Korea||Korea Ski Association|
|071||KOS||Kosovo||Ski Federation of Kosova|
|072||KUW||Kuwait||Kuwait Ski Association|
|073||LAT||Latvia||Latvijas Slēpošanas savienība|||
|074||LES||Lesotho||Lesotho National Winter Sports Association|
|075||LIB||Lebanon||Federation of Libanaise de Ski|||
|076||LIE||Liechtenstein||Liechtenstein Ski Association||LSV|||
|077||LTU||Lithuania||Skiing Federation of Lithuania|
|078||LUX||Luxembourg||Fédération Luxembourgeoise de Ski||FLS|||
|080||MAR||Morocco||Fédération Royale Marocaine de Ski||FRMSM|
|081||MAS||Malaysia||Malaysian Ski Association|
|082||MDA||Moldova||Ski Federation of the Republic of Moldova|
|083||MEX||Mexico||Federación Mexicana de Deportes de Invierno|
|084||MGL||Mongolia||Mongolian Ski Federation|
|085||MLT||Malta||Malta Olympic Committee|||
|086||MNE||Montenegro||Montenegro Ski Association|
|087||MON||Monaco||Federation of Monégasque de Ski|
|088||NED||Netherlands||Nederlandse Ski Vereniging||NSV|||
|089||NEP||Nepal||Nepal Ski Association|
|090||NGR||Nigeria||Nigeria Ski Federation|
|091||MKD||North Macedonia||Ski Federation of Macedonia|
|092||NOR||Norway||Norges Ski Association||NSF|||
|093||NZE||New Zealand||Snow Sports New Zealand||SSNZ|||
|094||PAK||Pakistan||Ski Federation of Pakistan|
|095||PAR||Paraguay||Comité Olímpico Paraguayo|
|096||BY||Peru||Federacion Peruana de Andinismo|
|097||PHI||Philippines||Philippine Ski Federation|
|098||PLE||Palestine||Palestinian Winter Sports Federation|
|099||POLE||Poland||Polski Związek Narciarski||PZN|||
|100||POR||Portugal||Federação de Desportos de Inverno de Portugal||FDI|||
|101||PRK||North Korea||The Ski Association of DPR Korea|
|102||PURE||Puerto Rico||Puerto Rico Ski Federation|
|103||ROU||Romania||Federația Română de Schi Biatlon||FRSB|||
|104||RSA||South Africa||Snow Sports South Africa|
|105||RUS||Russia||Russian Ski Association|
|106||SEN||Senegal||Fédération Sénégalaise de Ski||FSS|
|107||SIN||Singapore||Singapore Snowboarding and Skiing Association|
|108||SLO||Slovenia||Smučarska zveza Slovenije||SZS|||
|109||SMR||San Marino||Federazione Sammarinese Sport Invernali|
|110||SRB||Serbia||Ski Federation of Serbia|
|111||SRI||Sri Lanka||Sri Lanka Winter Sports Association|
|112||SOUTH||Sudan||Sudanese Winter Sports Association|
|114||SVK||Slovakia||Slovenská lyžiarska asociácia||SLA|||
|116||TGA||Tonga||Royal Tonga Ski Federation|
|117||THA||Thailand||Ski Association of Thailand|
|118||TJK||Tajikistan||Tajik Ski Federation|
|119||TLS||East Timor||Timor-Leste Ski Association|
|120||TOG||Togo||Fédération Togolaise des Sports de Glisse et de Ski|||
|121||TPE||Taiwan||Chinese Taipei Ski Association|
|122||TRI||Trinidad and Tobago||Trinidad & Tobago Snowsports Federation|
|123||DOOR||Turkey||Türkiye Kayak Federasyonu|||
|124||UGA||Uganda||Uganda Olympic Committee|
|125||UKR||Ukraine||Ukrainian Ski Federation|
|126||URU||Uruguay||Asociacion Uruguaya de Ski|
|127||United States||United States||United States Ski & Snowboard Association||USSA|||
|128||UZB||Uzbekistan||Ski Association of the Republic of Uzbekistan|
|129||VEN||Venezuela||Comite Olimpico Venezolano|
|130||ZIM||Zimbabwe||Ski Ass. Of Zimbabwe|
- Official website of the FIS
- Official website of the FIS for ski jumping
- FIS - head of an undisturbed billion-dollar sports cartel - Kurz Pfitzer Wolf & Partner
- About the International Ski Federation (FIS). In: About FIS. September 17, 2018. At FIS-Ski.com (English), accessed October 29, 2019.
- FIS Statutes 2018. In: Statutes & General Regulations. January 4, 2019. On FIS-Ski.com ( PDF ; 446 KB, p. 37), accessed on October 29, 2019.
- FIS history ( Memento of the original from January 4, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Beckmanns Sportlexikon. AZ. Vienna: Otto Beckmann. 1933, p. 2063
- The FIS Congress in Innsbruck. In: Sport Zurich. No. 53 of May 29, 1953, page 9 and of June 1, 1953, page 14
- "The World Ski Championships in Gastein" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna June 3, 1955, p. 8 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- "Innsbruck remains the first Olympic candidate" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna June 4, 1955, p. 8 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- Before a European Cup in alpine skiing . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna April 3, 1959, p. 10 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- "For the first time in ski history: a trial downhill race"; “Sport Zürich”, No. 4 of January 11, 1960, page 2.
- Column 4: »The" Sailer case "deleted« . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna June 12, 1959, p. 10 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- Last post in column 4 . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna June 14, 1959, p. 28 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized).
- "World Championships 1962 recognized"; "Sport-Zürich" of May 22, 1963, column 5, second article
- «FIS delegates want to travel in summer too»; "Sport-Zurich" from May 27, 1963
- Arnd Krüger : The History of the Olympic Winter Games. The Invention of a Tradition, in: M. GOKSÖR, GVD LIPPE, K. MO (Ed.): Winter Games - Warm Traditions . Oslo: Norsk Idrettshistorisk Vörening 1996, 101 - 122.
- Congress Information: 26th Beirut (LIB) 1967 ( Memento of the original dated November 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the FIS website, accessed on November 4, 2014 (English).
- "Grenoble: Super measure" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna May 21, 1967, p. 11 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- "Kitzbühel without World Cup" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna May 21, 1967, p. 12 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- "Marc Hodler again FIS President" in "Kärntner Tageszeitung" No. 113 of May 23, 1967, page 10, POS. Column 4, middle
- “Beirut in the focus of the ski world” in “ski - Official Organ of the German Ski Association” (Unionverlag Stuttgart), Volume 20, Issue No. 1 of October 4, 1967, page 34, (introductory sentences)
- "World Championships in St. Moritz, Falun" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna May 30, 1971, p. 12 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- "Hodler wants to calm Brundage down" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna May 29, 1971, p. 11 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- left: «ÖSV team to Portillo» . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna June 2, 1971, p. 15 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- "The 1971 ski races in Bad Kleinkirchheim are part of the European Cup" in "Kärntner Tageszeitung" No. 123 of June 3, 1971, page 16, column 1
- "Double points for all-rounders" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna June 10, 1973, p. 14 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized).
- Column 3, below: “sport in short”, second article . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna June 1, 1975, p. 15 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- "Schladming stood out from Valtellina" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna May 20, 1979, p. 12 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- top right: "Giant slalom will be changed" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna May 16, 1981, p. 11 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- «IOC examines Stenmark» . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna May 14, 1983, p. 19 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized).
- "WM in Seefeld" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna May 16, 1983, p. 8 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- «FIS loosens advertising for participants» . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna June 3, 1985, p. 8 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- "Saalbach booted opponents in the first round of" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna June 13, 1988, p. 24 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- "Wolf winner for a short time in the needle war" . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna January 11, 1988, p. 20 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized).
- «Krecek is confirmed» . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna June 10, 1988, p. 35 ( The website of the Arbeiterzeitung is currently being redesigned. The linked pages are therefore not available. - Digitized version).
- "Briefly noted" in "Kronenzeitung" of June 13, 1992, page 12 from the back; POS .: last post, right
- Updated FIS Anti-Doping Rules on the FIS website, accessed on August 13, 2019.
- FIS elects billionaire Eliasch as new president , Reuters, June 4, 2021.
- FIS structure ( Memento of the original from October 26, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Dr. Markus Wekwerth: The FIS - head of an undisturbed billion-dollar sports cartel. KPW Rechtsanwälte, October 16, 2014, accessed on October 16, 2014 .
- FIS Congresses ( Memento of the original from January 30, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.