Ramsau am Dachstein
Ramsau am Dachstein
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Liezen|
|License plate :||GB|
|Residents :||2,798 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||37 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||8972|
|Area code :||03687|
|Community code :||6 12 36|
|Address of the
8972 Ramsau am Dachstein
|Mayor :||Ernst Fischbacher (LEF)|
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
|Location of Ramsau am Dachstein in the Liezen district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Ramsau am Dachstein is a municipality with 2798 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the Gröbming branch in the Liezen district , in the Austrian state of Styria . With around 6,500 beds, it is the largest tourist community in Styria.
Ramsau is located in the northwest of the federal state of Styria , on the border triangle with Upper Austria and the state of Salzburg . The high plateau surrounding Ramsau lies at an altitude of 1100 to above sea level , directly adjoining the south walls of the Dachstein massif . The northern Dachstein Glacier with its year-round ski area ( Dachstein Glacier ski area ) is the easternmost glacier in the Alps .
From the Ramsau you can see the panorama of the Dachstein massif. Far to the west, the massif begins with the Torstein , continues over the Mitterspitz , the Hohen Dachstein , the Dirndln , Hunerkogel (mountain station), Koppenkarstein , then over the Scheichenspitze , the Sinabell , the Luserwand , the Kufstein to the Stoderzinken , the already extends in the area of the municipality of Gröbming .
The municipality includes the village of Ramsau am Dachstein, the municipality consists of the cadastral communities of Leiten and Ramsau.
The community is divided into the six districts of Ramsau, Rössing , Hierzegg , Schildlehen , Leiten and Vorberg . On August 1, 1954, the name of the community was changed from Ramsau to Ramsau am Dachstein .
Neighboring communities are (clockwise, starting in the south): Schladming (Styria), Radstadt , Filzmoos (both Land Salzburg), Gosau , Hallstatt , Obertraun (all Upper Austria), Haus im Ennstal (Styria).
Archaeological finds prove a late Roman, fortified settlement on the so-called Knallwand (Burgstaller).
First documented mention around 1120 as Ramsowe . The name goes back to Old High German rams (wild garlic) and ouwa (floodplain). The largest landowners were the Admont Abbey (in the east) and the St. Peter Abbey in Salzburg (in the west - Schildlehen). In the course of a dispute in 1286, Satteneck Castle (today: Katzenburg) is first mentioned, which was destroyed again in 1288 and no longer gained any military significance.
At the beginning of the 15th century, the loden mill, which still exists today, was founded in Ramsau-Rössing.
1599 to 1781 was the time of secret Protestantism . After the tolerance patent was issued , most of the Ramsau farmers declared themselves Lutheran ("Evangelical AB") in January 1782 . Johann Georg Overbeck was one of the first pastors . The Ramsau farmers are regarded as pioneers of the Luther faith in Austria, until today 78% of the population have remained Protestant . 18% of the population are Catholics, 3% without religious denomination.
With the opening of the Austriahütte at the foot of the Dachstein south face in 1880, the touristic development began. The first ascent of the Dachstein south face by Georg and Franz Steiner in 1909 represents a milestone in the history of the alpine development. Interrupted by the two world wars, tourism developed into the largest economic factor in Ramsau. In 1969, the Dachstein-Südwandbahn cable car , which had been planned since the late twenties, was opened and thus the glacier on the Dachstein plateau was opened up.
In 1999 the 42nd Nordic World Ski Championships took place in Ramsau . The community is also known through the ZDF / ORF family series Die Bergretter , which takes place in Ramsau and the surrounding area.
Ramsau has been Protestant since the spread of the Reformation. In the 2001 census, 72% of those questioned said they were of the Protestant faith. There were 22% Catholics. Ramsau is one of the few Styrian communities with a Protestant majority.
Culture and sights
- Evangelical parish church in Ramsau am Dachstein
- Catholic parish church St. Rupert am Kulm
- Ruins of a Roman camp from the 4th century above the Knallwand
- Several old farms make Ramsau well worth seeing for those interested in culture. A watermill (Rössing) from the 18th century can be visited.
- Austriahütte ( ): The mountain hut houses the highest (alpine) museum in Styria.
Nature reserves and natural monuments
- NSG North-western part of the municipality of Ramsau am Dachstein
- NDM rock group around the Trutstein
In Ramsau the so-called "Protestant donuts" can be found (donuts made with wheat flour, yeast and butter; the wheat flourished better on the high plateau of the predominantly Protestant area, which was favored by the sun), the more common in the sweet variant, with honey, apricot jam or powdered sugar, while the “Catholic donuts” (made from rye flour without yeast and egg; only rye could be grown on the shady northern slopes of the Lower Tauern in the Catholic Enns valley ) predominantly in the hearty variant, e.g. B. sprinkled with sauerkraut , potatoes or Styrian cheese are offered.
Economy and Infrastructure
Ramsau has officially been a climatic health resort since 2004 .
The municipality has its own tourism association according to the Styrian Tourism Act 1992 . The largest tourist municipality in Styria ( local class A) also forms an independent tourist region - the only one of the 8 Styrian tourist regions that only includes one municipality, the other regions sometimes include entire stretches of land.
There is cooperation with the Upper Austrian municipalities in the Inner Salzkammergut - especially Hallstatt on the other side of the Dachstein - and the Ausseerland – Salzkammergut Association as well as the neighboring municipalities to the east, with which the World Heritage Region Hallstatt – Dachstein / Salzkammergut operates.
At the same time, there is a close connection with the other ski resorts around Schladming and around the Sölktäler Nature Park in the Upper Styrian Ennstal as well as with the neighboring Pongau Salzburg as part of the Ski amadé ski association , where the Ski amadé in the Schladming-Dachstein ski region is involved - the others Ennstal communities form the Schladming – Dachstein Holiday Region Tourist Association , to which Ramsau does not belong. These communities were also connected in the LEADER mountain region Upper Ennstal (2007–2013), in future together with the Styrian Salzkammergut communities as Ennstal – Ausseerland .
The Ramsau am Dachstein ski region is part of the Schladming – Dachstein ski region of the Ski amadé winter sports area . In addition to the Dachstein Glacier ski area , which is its own ski area, the Rittisberg is the center of alpine skiing in the community. A four-person chairlift and a drag lift open up five kilometers of slopes in all levels of difficulty, and there is also a practice lift there. In addition, there are a total of seven T-bar lifts with easy slopes scattered throughout the municipality, either individually or in pairs. From the valley station of the Dachstein-Südwandbahn cable car, you can ski down to Ramsau-Ort via a pull path.
In Ramsau there are cross-country trails with a total length of 220 kilometers.
The municipal council has 15 members.
- With the municipal elections in Styria in 2000, the municipal council had the following distribution: 10 ÖVP, 3 FPÖ and 2 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Styria in 2005 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 9 ÖVP, 4 FPÖ and 2 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Styria 2010 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 9 ÖVP, 3 LEF list Ernst Fischbacher (2 seats not occupied), 2 FPÖ and 1 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Styria 2015 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 8 LEF lists Ernst Fischbacher, 5 ÖVP and 2 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Styria 2020 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 11 LEF list Ernst Fischbacher, 3 ÖVP and 1 NEOS.
- 1974–1991 Johann Berger (ÖVP)
- 1991-2010 Helmut Schrempf (ÖVP)
- 2010–2015 Rainer Angerer (ÖVP)
- since 2015 Ernst Fischbacher (Ernst Fischbacher list)
- since ? Bad Blumau , municipality in the political district of Hartberg-Fürstenfeld in Eastern Styria
coat of arms
- "In the green shield with a shield base of three silver tips a soaring silver eagle , accompanied by a silver Luther rose in front ".
The Luther rose represents the evangelical history of the community. The municipal coat of arms was awarded with effect from November 1, 1977.
- Hartmut Skerbisch (1945–2009), architect and artist
- Leo Schlömmer (* 1936) alpinist, mountaineer
- Reinhard Tritscher (1946–2018), ski world cup runner, Olympic participant
- Hans Peter Royer (1962–2013), evangelical preacher, leader of the international torchbearer movement, author
- Wolfgang Perner (1967–2019), biathlete
- Lydia Prugger (* 1969), ski mountaineer
- Herbert Steinbäcker , humorist Steix, Gstanzl singer
- Achim Walcher (* 1967), cross-country skier, Olympic participant
- Torsten Walcher (* 1971), sports traumatologist, trauma surgeon
- Website of the municipality (ramsau.at)
- Tourism association website (ramsau.com)
- News & interesting facts about Ramsau (ramsau.co.at)
- 61236 - Ramsau am Dachstein. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Entry on Ramsau am Dachstein in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Ramsau am Dachstein . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Ramsau am Dachstein in the Ennstalwiki
- [Statistics Austria: dissolutions or associations of municipalities from 1945 http://www.statistik.at/web_de/static/gemeindeaenderungen_ab_1945_vereinigungen_teilungen_namens-_u._statusaende_054994.pdf ]
- Fritz Frhr. Lochner von Hüttenbach: On the name property of the early Middle Ages in Styria (= magazine of the Historical Association for Styria . Volume 99 ). Böhlau Verlag, Vienna 2008, p. 56 ( historerverein-stmk.at [PDF; 16.9 MB ]).
- Tourism. A Dachstein cable car right through the southern slopes. Badener Zeitung, November 7, 1928, p. 4, bottom right anno.onb.ac.at
- Hotel buried by avalanche. And the hotel in Ramsau was hit by an avalanche. ORF.at, January 15, 2019.
- Ramsau am Dachstein ( Memento of the original from June 18, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on steiermark.com: Regions .
- LEADER Future Evening Ennstal - Ausseerland ( Memento of the original from May 10, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on leader-ennstal.at (accessed June 11, 2015).
- Homepage of the Ramsau am Dachstein ski region skiregion-ramsau.at
- Cross-country skiing in Ramsau am Dachstein langlaufen-ramsau.de
- Result of the 2005 municipal council election in Ramsau am Dachstein. State of Styria, March 13, 2005, accessed on July 28, 2020 .
- Election result of the municipal council election 2010 in Ramsau am Dachstein. State of Styria, March 21, 2010, accessed on July 28, 2020 .
- Election results for the 2015 municipal council elections in Ramsau am Dachstein. State of Styria, March 22, 2015, accessed on July 28, 2020 .
- Results of the municipal council election 2020 in Ramsau am Dachstein. State of Styria, June 28, 2020, accessed on July 28, 2020 .
- Johann Berger Ennstalwiki
- Helmut Schrempf Ennstalwiki
- Ernst Fischbacher Ennstalwiki
- Ramsau municipal news issue No. 3/2018 , September 2018
- Announcements from the Styrian State Archives 28, 1978, p. 32.