Sankt Gallen (Styria)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
market community
St. Gallen
coat of arms Austria map
Coat of arms of Sankt Gallen
Sankt Gallen (Styria) (Austria)
Sankt Gallen (Styria)
Basic data
Country: Austria
State : Styria
Political District : Liezen
License plate : LI
Surface: 129.79 km²
Coordinates : 47 ° 41 '  N , 14 ° 37'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 41 '29 "  N , 14 ° 36' 57"  E
Height : 513  m above sea level A.
Residents : 1,798 (January 1, 2020)
Postal code : 8933
Area code : 03632
Community code : 6 12 64
Address of the
municipal administration:
Markt 35
8933 Sankt Gallen
Mayor : Armin Forstner ( ÖVP )
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
(15 members)
A total of 15 seats
Location of Sankt Gallen in the Liezen district
Aich (Expositur Gröbming) Gröbming (Expositur Gröbming) Haus (Expositur Gröbming) Michaelerberg-Pruggern (Expositur Gröbming) Mitterberg-Sankt Martin (Expositur Gröbming) Öblarn (Expositur Gröbming) Ramsau am Dachstein (Expositur Gröbming) Schladming (Expositur Gröbming) Sölk (Expositur Gröbming) Admont Aigen im Ennstal Altaussee Altenmarkt bei Sankt Gallen Ardning Bad Aussee Bad Mitterndorf Gaishorn am See Grundlsee Irdning-Donnersbachtal Landl Lassing Liezen Rottenmann Sankt Gallen (Steiermark) Selzthal Stainach-Pürgg Trieben Wildalpen Wörschach SteiermarkOverview map of the communities in the entire Liezen district
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Austria / maintenance / site plan image map
Municipal Office
Municipal Office
Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria

Sankt Gallen is an Austrian market town with 1798 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the north of Styria in the judicial district or district of Liezen .


Geographical location

Panorama of Sankt Gallen (1993)

Sankt Gallen is located in the valley of the Großer Billbach on Buchauer Straße B 117, which branches off to the west from Eisen-Straße B 115 in Altenmarkt near St. Gallen and continues over the Buchauer Sattel back to the Ennstal. The municipality belongs to Styria and is close to the border with Upper Austria . The community is part of the Gesäuse National Park . To the south, the municipality is bounded by the mountain group of the Buchein , which belongs to the Gesäuse .

Community structure

The municipality of St. Gallen was merged with the market municipality of Weißenbach an der Enns on January 1, 2015 as part of the Styrian municipal structural reform .

The municipal area comprises ten localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):

  • Bergerviertel (111) including Geigenkogel and Spitzenbach
  • Bichl (47)
  • Breitau (33)
  • Oberlaussa (8)
  • Oberreith (365) including Grießbach, Lindenhof, Oberhof and Pölzenbach
  • Reiflingviertel (101) including Finsterbach, Schoberer, Stangl and Stiebergraben
  • St. Gallen (778)
  • Unterlaussa (38)
  • Weißenbach an der Enns (297)
  • Wolfsbachau (20)

The community consists of six cadastral communities (area: as of December 31, 2017):

  • Bergerviertel (1,219.27 ha)
  • Oberreith (3,006.81 ha)
  • Reiflingviertel (1,708.32 ha)
  • St. Gallen (167.71 ha)
  • Weißenbach an der Enns (5,417.77 ha)
  • Wolfsbachau (1,443.99 ha)

Neighboring communities

Two of the five neighboring communities are in Upper Austria, three in the Liezen district.

Rosenau am Hengstpaß
( Kirchdorf an der Krems district )
( Steyr-Land district )
near Sankt Gallen
Neighboring communities
Admont Rural


In antiquity, today's area of ​​St. Gallen was just a wilderness east of the Pyhrnstrasse Wels-Liezen-Aquileia. Only after the establishment of the Admont Monastery in the 11th century was a connection between Pyhrnstrasse and the northward part of the Ennstal ( waterway ) sought. At that time the St. Gallen area was known as "Silva Nova" (Neuwald). Gottfried Edler von Wetterfeld built in 1152 in honor of St. Gallus church (St. Gallus in silva), the collection of the parish took place 1160. Given the new traffic route has been set up in St. Gallen a tavern to strengthen the travelers. The place continued to develop: at the end of the 13th century, a master Ulrich was working as a doctor in St. Gallen, which meant that the population would grow considerably. The construction of the castle to protect the monastery property in 1278 also suggests a certain prosperity.

In the 16th century, the iron industry was dominant in St. Gallen. The pig iron was imported from iron ore , smelted in wheel works ( Rennöfen ) and exported via the Enns and Danube. After the decline of this industry in the middle of the 19th century, tourism experienced an upswing. The first St. Gallen travel guide was written by Josef Rabl in 1879 .

During the July coup of 1934 there were battles lasting several days, the focus of which was Upper Styria , both in the industrial area between Judenburg and Leoben and in the Styrian Ennstal . The bloodiest arguments took place in and around Schladming and Leoben- Donawitz . In St. Gallen, the gendarmerie post commander Franz Titz refused to surrender to the National Socialist putschists and was shot. One of those involved was subsequently sentenced to death in the Leoben District Court for murder and executed .


  • Roman Catholic 83%
  • Protestant 2%
  • other 4%
  • without rel. Confession 11%
(Status: 2001)

Population development

Culture and sights

  • Gallenstein Castle , built in 1278
  • Parish church of St. Gallus in Silva: built 1515–1523; late Gothic church building with buttresses, stair turrets. Baroque onion helmet. Inside, richly designed late Gothic net rib vault with four-pass configuration in the eastern nave yokes and artistic loop rib vault with six-pointed center star in the western choir area. Baroque extensions: Platzl vaults in the western nave yoke and in the eastern chorus yoke.
High altar: mighty late baroque structure made of red stucco marble with classicist echoes. The altarpiece from 1782 is a representation of the Assumption of Mary by Martin Johann Schmidt (" Kremser Schmidt ").
Side altars: middle of the 18th century, altarpieces ascribed to Bartolomeo Altomonte Exterior
frescoes: on the south-facing nave wall there is a larger than life-size St. Christopher fresco from the first third of the 16th century with a scene from the Mount of Olives from around 1530.
  • Town houses and hammer mansions
  • House no. 45 on the market square bears a memorial plaque as the house where the geographer Friedrich Simony (1813–1896) lived and where he died .

Natural monuments

Regular events

  • Festival St. Gallen: Music festival of classical concerts, annually in the second half of August.
  • ARCANA Festival for New Music St. Gallen / Gesäuse

Economy and Infrastructure


Weißenbach-St. Gallen is located on a section of the Rudolfsbahn and can be reached from St. Gallen via the B 115. A post bus line runs from Liezen via Admont, the Buchauer Sattel and St. Gallen to the Weißenbach-St station. Gallen.

Established businesses

  • Forest management of the Styrian state forests
  • Steinrieser (beverage bottling)
  • Alpen-May-Kestag (drills and countersinking tools)
  • Greiner Packaging (plastics technology)
  • Fuernholzer Industrialdesign (industrial design, product design, advertising agency, commercial photographer)
  • Schuster Helm (shoe trade, supraregional repair service)
  • ABAG Mineralölhandels GmbH - "your gas station"


  • Kindergarten St. Gallen
  • Weissenbach kindergarten on the Enns
  • Elementary school St. Gallen
  • New middle school Weißenbach an der Enns


Municipal council

The municipal council has 15 members.


coat of arms

Both previous municipalities had a municipality coat of arms. The first municipal coat of arms for Sankt Gallen was awarded with effect from June 1, 1952. The description of the coat of arms read:

"In the silver shield, an erect black bear, armed in red and tongued, appears deposed, holding an uprooted, natural-colored spruce in its front paws."
AUT Sankt Gallen COA.png

Due to the amalgamation of the municipalities, the coats of arms of the old municipalities lost their official validity on January 1st, 2015. The new award of the coat of arms for the merged community took place with effect from May 5, 2018.

The changed blazon (description of the coat of arms) reads:

"Under a red tin shield head in silver an upright black, red armored and tongued bear, holding a green uprooted spruce in his front paws."

The bear on the coat of arms is derived from the legend of St. Gallus and the firewood bear .


Honorary citizen of the community

Sons and daughters of the church

People related to the community


  • Odilo Haberleitner and Hermann Brandauer: St. Gallen and the St. Gallen Valley - a gem in Upper Styria . St. Gallen 1952.
  • Josef Rabl: St. Gallen and its surroundings. St. Gallen 1879.

Web links

Commons : Sankt Gallen, Styria  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Announcement by the Styrian state government of September 12, 2013 on the unification of the market communities of Sankt Gallen and Weißenbach an der Enns, both political districts of Liezen. Styrian Provincial Law Gazette of October 14, 2013. No. 93, 28th issue. Pp. 552-553.
  2. Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
  3.  (Excel file, 1,210 KB); accessed on January 4, 2018
  5. Kurt Bauer : Hitler's second putsch - Dollfuss, the Nazis and July 25, 1934 , Residenz-Verlag, St. Pölten, 2014, ISBN 978-3-7017-3329-3 (online)
  6. ^ Election result of the 2005 municipal council elections in Sankt Gallen. State of Styria, March 13, 2005, accessed on July 25, 2020 .
  7. ^ Election result of the municipal council election 2010 in Sankt Gallen. State of Styria, March 21, 2010, accessed on July 25, 2020 .
  8. ^ Election results for the 2015 municipal council elections in Sankt Gallen. State of Styria, March 22, 2015, accessed on July 25, 2020 .
  9. Results of the 2020 municipal council elections in Sankt Gallen. State of Styria, June 28, 2020, accessed on July 25, 2020 .
  10. Communications from the Styrian State Archives 12, 1962, p. 26
  11. 45. Announcement by the Styrian state government of April 26, 2018 on the granting of the right to use a municipal coat of arms to the market town of Sankt Gallen (political district Liezen) , accessed on May 6, 2018
  12. Ennstal-Wiki: Sankt Gallus and the firewood bear
  13. Neue Zeit (Nov. 9, 1969), p. 5.