|Province (il) :||Antalya|
|Residents :||2,511,700 (2019)|
|Population density :||1,773 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code :||(+90) 242|
|Postal code :||07 000|
|License plate :||07|
|Structure and administration (as of April 2019)|
|Mayor :||Muhittin Böcek ( CHP )|
Antalya (from ancient Greek Ἀττάλεια Attáleia , also the name in ancient and Byzantine times) is a Turkish city on the Mediterranean . It is the capital of the fertile coastal plain in the south of Asia Minor, which has been known as Pamphylia since ancient times . Today the area is often called the Turkish Riviera because of the long sandy beaches . Antalya's old town is mostly located above a steep coast. The important seaport in the south of the city borders on Konyaaltı Beach.
Greek colonization, Lydians, Persians
Pamphylia was founded in the 12th century BC. Probably settled by Mycenaean Greeks. The cities they founded became in the 7th century BC. Reorganized by the Ionian Greeks. They belonged to the Lydian and then to the Achaemenid Empire .
Alexanderreich, city foundation
334 BC These cities were occupied by Alexander the Great.
From 133 BC His empire came to the Roman Empire by inheritance, but Pamphylia was divided into a multitude of dominions who turned to piracy. This was only 67 BC. Ended by Pompey .
As the most important port in the wider area, it was the travel destination of the biblical Apostle Paul in the 1st century AD, probably around the year 48 AD ( Acts 14.25 f. EU ). A church, today's mosque Kesik Minare Camii, can only be documented from the 5th century. 130 Emperor Hadrian Attaleia visited, which is reminiscent of Hadrian's Arch.
In the Middle Ages, Antalya was often called Satalia in western sources, but still Attaleia in Greek sources. In Byzantine times, Antalya was an important Christian center and an important naval base. In order to be able to withstand Arab attacks, the city, which had had walls since Roman times, was re-fortified in the 8th century. In 860 an Arab army conquered the city when raids were carried out from Melitene and Tarsus. In the 11th century the city became the seat of an Orthodox bishop. During the crusades, the city became a stopover in many cases, and crusaders fled here in 1149. In 1085 the Turkish Seljuks succeeded in conquering the city, which only became Byzantine again in 1121 or 1137/42.
Templars, Aldobrandino (until 1207), Seljuks
After the collapse of the Byzantine power after the 4th Crusade , the Templars were enfeoffed with the city by the Latins , which both the papal legate and Pope Innocent III. confirmed. The city was ruled by Aldobrandino. He was of Greco-Italian descent and is usually referred to in the sources as a privateer, as he did not succeed in founding his own dynasty. When Suleyman II , the Sultan of Rum , besieged the city, Aldobrandino turned to Cyprus for support. Walter von Montbéliard , son of Amé von Montfaucon, who came to the east with the 4th Crusade in 1199 and was regent for the underage King Hugo I , came to his aid with a larger force and was able to break the siege. As it turned out later, he had taken the money for it from the throne treasure of his ward without further inquiry. Walter seems to have made himself very quickly unpopular with the Greek population of the city, as they rose against him and called the Seljuks for help. Presumably Walter had tried to make himself ruler in place of Aldobrandino, as he was later to try in Rhodes , and, as a newcomer from France, had shown little sensitivity. The Sultan of Rum Kai Chosrau I entered Antalya in 1207. After his accession to the throne in 1210, Hugo I negotiated a trade agreement with Kai Chosrau I, which ensured the safety of Seljuk and Cypriot traders on the south coast of Anatolia .
The city came under Ottoman rule at the end of the 14th century, then finally in 1426 , but never got beyond the status of a country town until the middle of the 20th century. This was due to the relocation of trade routes to the Mediterranean, while the caravans barely touched the city. At the end of the First World War, Italy received pledges to gain territories in Turkey, which also affected Antalya. However, these claims became obsolete with the recognition of the Turkish Republic.
Antalya is the capital of the province of the same name , around half of whose inhabitants live in the city of Antalya. A city partnership with Nuremberg has existed since 1997 . In 1999 a tram was opened, the used T4 / B4 vehicles from Nuremberg. In 2009, after a year and a half of construction, another tram line was completed across the city, which, however, could only be put into operation late due to poor planning. A third tram line is currently being planned. More lines are to follow.
Today Antalya is the center of a rapidly growing tourist center on the Turkish Riviera that is visited by more than 2.5 million tourists annually. There are over 10,000 German permanent residents in the region, to whose care the parish of St. Nikolaus was founded by Prelate Rainer Korten in 2003 and a chapel was set up. In June 2009 Russian tourists overtook Germans for the first time as the largest tourist group in Antalya. "Olga overtakes Helga," was the headline of a Turkish newspaper at the time.
New industrial and commercial enterprises have settled in the well-developed regional city, often as offshoots of European companies. In the numerous new suburbs around Antalya, housing construction is being promoted according to modern standards. Almost every one of these settlements has a mosque and a shopping center as well as good transport links to the center.
The Antalya airport is the destination of many holiday flights. The tourist centers of Belek , Manavgat and Side in the east and Kemer in the south are in the immediate vicinity . In the city, the Antray, a modern tram network, is also operated as a public means of transport , which is constantly being expanded.
At the 2000 census, Antalya was the eighth largest city in Turkey with 606,500 inhabitants. The 2008 update named 798,000 inhabitants (see table).
|Party / list||Election 2019|
|Share of votes||Seats|
|Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi (CHP)||37.86%||37 seats|
|Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (AKP)||34.35%||34 seats|
|İYİ Parti (İYİ)||9.41%||15 seats|
|Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi (MHP)||9.02%||15 seats|
|Democracy Sol Parti (DSP)||3.12%||5 seats|
|Saadet Partisi (SAADET)||1.80%||1 seat|
|Antalya, Muratpaşa (47 m)|
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Antalya, Muratpaşa (47 m)
Until the 1950s, the city was only a medium-sized provincial town with less than 10 percent of today's population.
In the 2000s, in the course of several territorial and administrative reforms, large and z. Partly distant parts of the areas surrounding the city are summarized. This has led to a surge in the population. Antalya ranks 5th among cities in Turkey with 2,222,562 inhabitants. Of these, 1,122,997 are men and 1,099,565 women. Around 1.2 million people live in the inner city (closed development).
Residents by city district
Only the smallest part of the urban fabric is of historical origin, as Antalya was only a rather small provincial town until the 1950s.
- The Hadrian's Gate at Atatürk Caddesi is the only gate preserved the ancient city of Antalya and harbor. The city wall ran to the left and right of the gate. The gate was built in honor of the visit of the Roman Emperor Hadrian in 130. Built on 4 pedestals, with 3 arches and pillars decorated with ornaments, you cannot make out a front on either side. Overall, the object has less the character of a city gate than that of a Roman triumphal arch or, better, that of a triumphal gate . The two defense towers on the left and right of the building are architecturally different and come from different times - the left tower is from Roman times, the right was built under the Seljuk Sultan Kai Kobad I (r. 1220–1237). The gate was restored in 1959.
- The landmark of Antalya is the minaret of the Yivli Minare Mosque in the city center , which was also built in the 13th century under Kai Kobad I. A parapet runs above the bundle-pillar-like shaft , from which the muezzin called to prayer; in times of war it also served as a guard platform.
- In the western part of the city, at the foot of an ancient settlement hill , lies the Roman Arapsu Bridge .
- Also worth seeing is the Archaeological Museum of Antalya , in which numerous important finds from the south-western region of Asia Minor, the ancient Pamphylia , are shown.
- In the north of the city, in the Döşemealtı district , are the Seljuk caravanserai Evdir Han and Kırkgöz Han .
Antalya is the seat of the football club Antalyaspor , which is one of the regular members of the top Turkish league, the Süper Lig . In addition, the city is represented with the basketball club Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyespor (Antalya BB for short) in the highest Turkish basketball league, the Türkiye Basketbol Ligi . Furthermore, the Antalya Marathon , the second largest running event in Turkey , has been taking place in March since 2006 .
Due to the relatively pleasant climate, many football teams from Europe come to Antalya in the winter months to prepare for the second half of the season and to play friendly matches there under mostly good weather conditions. The suburb of Belek is very popular as a base . A soccer tournament has been held annually since 1999, with Turkish and European teams taking part in their training camp in Antalya. The tournament ran from 1999-2003 under the name Gazi Cup, 2003-2007 as Efes Pilsen Cup, 2007-2012 as Antalya Cup and since 2013 as Tuttor Cup.
The previous winners are:
- 1999/00 Borussia Dortmund
- 2000/01 Feyenoord Rotterdam
- 2001/02 Galatasaray Istanbul
- 2002/03 Spartak Moscow
- 2003/04 Trabzonspor
- 2004/05 Galatasaray Istanbul
- 2005/06 Malmö FF
- 2006/07 Beşiktaş Istanbul
- 2007/08 Fenerbahçe Istanbul
- 2008/09 1. FC Nürnberg
- 2009/10 Hamburger SV
- 2010/11 Eintracht Frankfurt
- 2012/13 Werder Bremen
In 1996, the three- cushion world cup in carom (billiards) was held in Antalya for the first time , after it had already taken place four times in Istanbul (1993-1995, 2005) on Turkish soil. The tournament is part of the Karambolage-Main Tour. It was then held in 1997, 1998, 2009 , 2010 and 2012 in Antalya. Other Turkish venues for this tournament were Kemer City in 1999 and Kuşadası in 2001 .
- Deniz Baykal (* 1938), politician
- Gültekin Gencer (born 1963), businessman
- Menderes Türel (* 1964), politician
- Levent Yüksel (* 1964), pop musician
- Rüştü Reçber (* 1973), football goalkeeper
- Yağmur Sarıgül (* 1979), musician
- Aslı Çakır Alptekin (* 1985), track and field athlete
- Burak Yılmaz (* 1985), football player
- Volkan Babacan (* 1988), football goalkeeper
- Özgürcan Özcan (* 1988), football player
- Selim Ay (* 1991), soccer player
- Altuğ Çelikbilek (* 1996), tennis player
- Eda Tuğsuz (* 1997), javelin thrower
Antalya maintains the following cities partnerships :
|Famagusta||Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus||2000|
|Haikou||People's Republic of China||2011|
|Kunming||People's Republic of China||2012|
|Mostar||Bosnia and Herzegovina||2011|
|Rostov on Don||Russia||1995|
- Hansgerd Hellenkemper , Friedrich Hild : Lykien and Pamphylien. Volume 8: Tabula Imperii Byzantini Verlag d. Austria. Akad. D. Wiss., Vienna 2004, ISBN 3-7001-3280-8 , I pp. 297–341.
- Peter W. Edbury: The Kingdom of Cyprus and the Crusades, 1191-1374 . (Chapter 2) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1991
- Antalya City Council website
- EXPO 2016 Antalya
- Description, pictures and plans of Attaleia in Pamphylia
- Pictures from Antalya
- Description of the city of Antalya and the surrounding area with many pictures
-  , accessed on February 13, 2020
- This and the following from: Trudy Ring, Noelle Watson, Paul Schellinger (Eds.): Southern Europe. International Dictionary of Historic Places , Routledge, 2013, pp. 36–39, here: p. 36.
- Jörn Leonhard: Pandora's box. History of the First World War , Beck, Munich 2014, p. 313.
- Antalya's new tram rolls through the city
- Antalya: The tram that doesn't run
- Federal Cross of Merit for Prelate Korten
- FAZ on start-up
- Parish of St. Nicholas
- FAZ No. 77, April 1, 2010, p. R2.
- FAZ No. 77, April 1, 2010, p. R2.
- Antalya Seçim Sonuçları - 31 Mart 2019 Yerel Seçimleri. Retrieved May 28, 2019 .
- Meclis Üyeleri / Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyesi. Retrieved May 28, 2019 .
- Turkish Institute for Statistics ( Memento of February 9, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on February 9, 2015
- Antalya Museum ( Memento from July 23, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Antalya Büyüksehir Belediyesi . Archived from the original on March 15, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2015.