List of provinces of Turkey

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Republic of Turkey is divided into 81 provinces ( Turkish : İl ).

These are listed below with the number of inhabitants after the last census in 2011 and the current population level (update of the Address Based Population Registration System Turkish ADNKS). The numbers correspond to the license plate number and the first two digits of the postcodes (the numbering was originally strictly alphabetical, deviations from the alphabetical principle result from renaming and new creation). The provinces are divided into districts (sometimes translated as districts ) (Turkish İlçe ). In the course of territorial reforms since the 1980s, 30 (as of 2016) provincial towns were declared Büyükşehir belediyesi , which then encompass the entire province. In such provinces the local / regional self-government is carried out by the Büyükşehir belediyesi under the direction of the Büyükşehir Belediye Başkanı (mostly translated as Lord Mayor ); apart from this, the state administration is under the direction of the Vali ( governor ). In the other provinces, self-government tasks at the provincial level are performed by an İl Özel İdaresi , whose organs are the Vali and an elected İl Meclisi (provincial assembly) chaired by the Vali.


No. Province name Area 4 population Number of Units Density
share (in%)
ratio 3
Metropolitan Province
for the year
(in km 2 ) 2011 1 2017 2 Districts Communities Townships Villages
01 Adana 13,844 2,102,375 2,216,475 15th 15th 829 - 160.1 100.00 999 1986
02 Adıyaman 7,337 594.163 615.076 9 23 172 451 83.8 72.47 987 -
03 Afyonkarahisar 14,016 701.461 715.693 18th 59 436 423 51.1 76.13 1019 -
04 Ağrı 11,099 553.241 536.285 8th 12 99 562 48.3 58.70 929 -
05 Amasya 5,628 323,331 329,888 7th 8th 107 372 58.6 73.09 1007 -
06 Ankara 25,632 4,868,418 5,445,026 25th 25th 1433 - 212.4 100.00 1015 1984
07 Antalya 20,177 2,035,563 2,364,396 19th 19th 910 - 117.2 100.00 983 1993
08 Artvin 7,393 166.177 166.143 9 9 38 320 22.5 62.94 989 -
09 Aydin 8,116 999.131 1,080,839 17th 17th 670 - 133.2 100.00 1003 2012
10 Balikesir 14,583 1,155,216 1,204,824 20th 20th 1129 - 82.6 100.00 1001 2012
11 Bilecik 4.179 203.157 221,693 8th 11 60 245 53 84.37 903 -
12 Bing oil 8.004 261.276 273.354 8th 11 68 320 34.2 67.30 964 -
13 Bitlis 8,294 336.226 341,474 7th 13 123 348 41.2 64.39 935 -
14th Bolu 8,313 276.976 303.184 9 12 93 487 36.5 74.09 1016 -
15th Burdur 7.175 250,984 264,779 11 14th 126 193 36.9 70.94 990 -
16 Bursa 10,813 2,640,128 2,936,803 17th 17th 1060 - 271.6 100.00 997 1986
17th Çanakkale 9,817 489.298 530.417 12 23 81 574 54 71.32 971 -
18th Çankırı 7,542 175.716 186.074 12 15th 91 376 24.7 74.84 992 -
19th Çorum 12,428 534.825 528.422 14th 16 124 760 42.5 75.06 1020 -
20th Denizli 12.134 940.532 1,018,735 19th 19th 624 - 84 100.00 1007 2012
21st Diyarbakır 15,168 1,561,110 1,699,901 17th 17th 1041 - 112.1 100.00 983 1993
22nd Edirne 6,145 400,554 406.855 9 16 94 254 66.2 77.54 972 -
23 Elazığ 9,383 559.063 583,671 11 20th 149 552 62.2 83.84 1008 -
24 Erzincan 11,815 214,863 231,511 9 24 148 528 19.6 81.15 952 -
25th Erzurum 25.006 781.626 760.476 20th 20th 1177 - 30.4 100.00 1005 1993
26th Eskişehir 13,960 778.421 860.620 14th 14th 539 - 61.6 100.00 1006 1993
27 Gaziantep 6,803 1,739,569 2,005,515 9 9 785 - 294.8 100.00 980 1986
28 Giresun 7,025 420,433 437.393 16 24 193 551 62.3 71.78 1013 -
29 Gümüşhane 6,668 129,045 170.173 6th 14th 70 321 25.5 86.93 977 -
30th Hakkari 7,095 271,405 275,761 4th 8th 53 125 38.9 61.24 857 -
31 Hatay 5,524 1,472,282 1,575,226 15th 15th 590 - 285.2 100.00 993 2012
32 Isparta 8,946 412.039 433.830 13 22nd 217 203 48.5 77.96 984 -
33 Mersin 16,010 1,660,522 1,793,931 13 13 805 - 112.1 100.00 1004 1993
34 Istanbul 2,752 13,565,798 15.029.231 39 39 960 - 5461.2 100.00 996 1984
35 İzmir 11,891 3,952,036 4,279,677 30th 30th 1295 - 359.9 100.00 1006 1984
36 Kars 10.193 306.238 287,654 8th 9 56 380 28.2 48.45 924 -
37 Kastamonu 13,064 360.694 372.373 20th 20th 162 1065 28.5 62.79 1021 -
38 Kayseri 16,970 1,251,907 1,376,722 16 16 758 - 81.1 100.00 996 1988
39 Kırklareli 6,459 340.977 356.050 8th 21st 107 179 55.1 81.46 957 -
40 Kırşehir 6,584 221.935 234,529 7th 10 67 252 35.6 81.98 1005 -
41 Kocaeli 3,397 1,595,643 1,883,270 12 12 474 - 554.4 100.00 976 1993
42 Konya 40,838 2,033,227 2,180,149 31 31 1196 - 53.4 100.00 1016 1986
43 Kutahya 11,634 564,403 572.256 12 2 223 548 49.2 76.98 1025 -
44 Malatya 12,259 749.225 786.676 13 13 717 - 64.2 100.00 1008 2012
45 Manisa 13,339 1,337,731 1,413,041 17th 17th 1088 - 105.9 100.00 989 2012
46 Kahramanmaraş 14,520 1,052,336 1,127,623 11 11 693 - 77.7 100.00 971 2012
47 Mardin 8,780 758.181 809.719 10 10 696 - 92.2 100.00 993 2012
48 Muğla 12,654 837,804 938.751 13 13 565 - 74.2 100.00 960 2012
49 Must 8,650 412.430 404,544 6th 23 110 366 46.8 52.89 967 -
50 Nevşehir 5,485 284.150 292,365 8th 23 125 153 53.3 78.03 1027 -
51 Niğde 7,234 337.456 352,727 6th 29 138 132 48.8 77.42 1002 -
52 Ordu 5,861 712.998 742,341 19th 19th 741 - 126.7 100.00 1001 2013
53 Rize 3,835 322,367 331.041 12 18th 202 291 86.3 72.25 1007 -
54 Sakarya 4,824 886.382 990.214 16 16 665 - 205.3 100.00 994 2000
55 Samsun 9,725 1,250,598 1,312,990 17th 17th 1245 - 135 100.00 1022 1993
56 Siirt 5,717 309,599 324.394 7th 12 63 277 56.7 70.37 950 -
57 Sinop 5,717 203.288 207,427 9 9 55 470 36.3 57.22 1013 -
58 Sivas 28.164 627.195 621,301 17th 24 246 1240 22.1 76.93 997 -
59 Tekirdağ 6,190 824.223 1.005.463 11 11 355 - 162.4 100.00 947 2012
60 Tokat 10,042 592,481 602.086 12 37 308 623 60 77.73 1010 -
61 Trabzon 4,628 757.857 786.326 18th 18th 692 - 169.9 100.00 1023 2012
62 Tunceli 7,582 84,896 82,498 8th 9 43 361 10.9 68.51 802 -
63 Şanlıurfa 19,242 1,701,127 1,985,753 13 13 1380 - 103.2 100.00 987 2012
64 Usak 5,555 340,636 364.971 6th 12 62 256 65.7 74.43 1007 -
65 Van 20,921 1,059,734 1,106,891 13 13 685 - 52.9 100.00 963 2012
66 Yozgat 13,690 465.214 418,650 14th 33 219 572 30.6 74.58 1005 -
67 Zonguldak 3,342 614.775 596,892 8th 25th 176 380 178.6 72.48 1027 -
68 Aksaray 7,659 379.163 402,404 8th 22nd 153 177 52.5 79.51 1010 -
69 Bayburt 3,746 76,859 80,417 3 5 28 170 21.5 67.07 962 -
70 Karaman 8,678 234,441 246,672 6th 11 130 159 28.4 79.50 999 -
71 Kırıkkale 4,791 276,847 278,749 9 11 85 185 58.2 89.96 997 -
72 Batman 4,477 520,883 585.252 6th 11 126 284 130.7 81.41 992 -
73 Şırnak 7,078 453.828 503.236 7th 19th 90 102 71.1 73.26 907 -
74 Bartın 2,330 187.129 193,577 4th 8th 48 265 83.1 50.14 1022 -
75 Ardahan 4,934 107,776 97.096 6th 7th 39 227 19.7 41.43 930 -
76 Iğdır 3,664 187.842 194,775 4th 7th 36 161 53.2 63.93 943 -
77 Yalova 798 205,664 251.203 6th 14th 50 43 314.8 88.56 1001 -
78 Karabuk 4.142 220.401 244.453 6th 7th 78 278 59 77.16 987 -
79 Kilis 1,412 124.276 136.319 4th 4th 88 137 96.5 74.94 966 -
80 Osmaniye 3,320 483,639 527.724 7th 17th 132 160 159 81.68 980 -
81 Düzce 2,492 342.281 377.610 8th 10 114 279 151.5 66.72 1000 -


1 census 2 October 2011
2 population projection on 31 December 2017
3 sex ratio (Sex Ratio): Number of women per 1000 men (calculated)
4 area in 2014


useful information

Provinces of Turkey
No. Name
location useful information
01 Adana

Adana in Turkey.svg The name is derived from Adanos, the son of Kronos from Greek mythology. 12 km east of the provincial capital is the Incirlik Air Base of NATO .
02 Adıyaman

Adiyaman in Turkey.svg Adıyaman's (Kurdish: Semsur) population consists largely of Kurds , the province is very mountainous, which is particularly characterized by Mount Nemrut . The Ataturk Reservoir , Turkey's most water-rich reservoir , also begins in Kahta .
03 Afyonkarahisar

Afyonkarahisar in Turkey.svg The province of Afyonkarahisar is located in western Asia Minor and is mostly in the Aegean region. The province has a total area of ​​14,719 km².
04 Ağrı

Ağrı in Turkey.svg The provincial capital was called Şarbulak at the time of the Ottomans , which means "flowing spring". In 1927 the name was changed to Karaköse , which goes back either to the Ottoman conqueror 1507 ( Karagöz Bey ), or to Kara Kilise , "black church". Since 1938 the city and the province have been named after Mount Ararat ( Ağrı Dağı ).
05 Amasya

Amasya in Turkey.svg The history of the provincial capital goes back to the Hittite times, but it acquired its most important meaning in Hellenism : from approx. 300 BC. BC to 183 BC Amaseia was the capital of the kingdom of Pontus . The Greek historian and geographer Strabon described his hometown in his work Geographika .
06 Ankara

Ankara in Turkey.svg Ankara (formerly Angora, ancient name Ancyra) has been the capital of Turkey since 1923. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Ankara was determined by law under Kemal Ataturk to be the capital of the newly founded Turkish Republic because of its location in Central Anatolia and in contrast to the Ottoman capital İstanbul.
07 Antalya

Antalya in Turkey.svg Antalya is the capital of the fertile coastal plain, which has been known as Pamphylia since ancient times. The area around Antalya is also known as the “ Turkish Riviera ” because of its long sandy beaches . Antalya was probably 158 BC. Founded by King Attalus II of Pergamon. After him she was named Attaleia.
08 Artvin

Artvin in Turkey.svg Geographically, Artvin belongs to both the Black Sea region and Eastern Anatolia. The population consists of Turks, Lasen and Georgians.
09 Aydın

Aydin in Turkey.svg The name of the province comes from the Turkmen dynasty of the Aydın-Oğulları , who founded an empire with the centers in Ephesus ( Ayasoluğ ) and Birgi ( Pyrgion ) at the beginning of the 14th century . The city of Aydın dominates the wide valley of the Great Meander . The meander (from the Greek Μαίανδρος ), today the Great Meander (Turkish Büyük Menderes ) has become proverbial because of its many turns (meander).
10 Balıkesir

Balıkesir in Turkey.svg Balıkesir borders the Aegean Sea to the west and the Marmara Sea to the north. The name is derived from the word Bal-ı-Kesr , Persian for “a lot of honey”. The area is known for growing vegetables and fruits. In the vicinity is Mount Ida , from which Zeus is said to have observed the Battle of Troy.
11 Bilecik

Bilecik in Turkey.svg The settlement history of the city of Bilecik (Greek: Belikoma) goes back to the 2nd millennium BC. BC back. The Ottoman Empire was founded in the province of Bilecik in 1281. Today it is known for the silk and ceramic industries.
12 Bing oil Bing

Bingöl in Turkey.svg Bingöl is surrounded by mountains with glaciers. Bingol came under the rule of various empires one after another. During the First World War it was occupied by Russian troops. In the early years of the Turkish Republic, Bingöl was part of the Kurdish uprisings.
13 Bitlis

Bitlis in Turkey.svg Bitlis consists of 70% mountains, which are usually higher than 2,000 m. The highest mountains are the Süphan Dağı (4,058 m), the Nemrut volcano (3,050 m) and the Ziyaret Dağı (2,540 m). The Vansee is partly in Bitlis.
14th Bolu

Bolu in Turkey.svg Bolu is known for its cooks, who were already in great demand for the Ottoman Seraglio and who are still brought to tourist hotels for a lot of money as chefs. In Mengen is the most famous cooking school in Turkey.
15th Burdur

Burdur in Turkey.svg The province has 256,803 inhabitants on an area of ​​7,238 km². The population density is 35.5 inhabitants / km².
16 Bursa

Bursa in Turkey.svg The green landscape (green "Yeşil Bursa") contains some medicinal sulfur springs. The Uludağ Mountains stretch through the middle . In ancient times the region was called Bithynia. This kingdom was probably founded by King Prusias I. With the expansion of the Roman Empire, King Nicomedes IV began to hand over the area piece by piece to the Romans.
17th Çanakkale

Çanakkale in Turkey.svg The province extends over the European Thrace to the Asian Minor Asia, which are separated from each other by the Dardanelles (Çanakkale Boğazı). In the province lie the ruins of the ancient cities of Assos and Troy . The city was founded in Ottoman times as a successor to ancient Abydos.
18th Çankırı

Çankırı in Turkey.svg Çankırı was the place where the first prominent Armenians were arrested on April 24, 1915 . Most of the 235 detainees were killed. The priest and ethnomusicologist Komitas Vardapet was one of a group of five who were saved, as was Bishop Krikor Balakian . Balakian reported in detail on the events that marked the beginning of the genocide against the Armenians .
19th Çorum

Çorum in Turkey.svg From the break of diplomatic relations between Turkey and the German Reich in August 1944 until 1946, Çorum was one of the three Anatolian cities that were assigned as compulsory residence to German citizens who did not want to or could not return to Germany.
20th Denizli

Denizli in Turkey.svg Denizli (from Turkish deniz, "sea") is a province in western Asia Minor. The province is dominated by the valley of the Great Meander (Büyük Menderes), which at Denizli has a distinctive valley fork with three tributaries.
21st Diyarbakır

Diyarbakir in Turkey.svg Diyarbakır (Kurdish Amed) is geographically located in northern Mesopotamia and has a long history. The majority are the Kurds. Of the tens of thousands of Christian Armenians and Arameans , only a few hundred now live in the province.
22nd Edirne

Edirne in Turkey.svg Edirne (Adrianople, Greek Αδριανούπολις / Adrianoupolis, in ancient times Orestia, Roman Hadrianopulis) is the capital of the province of the same name in the European part of Turkey. The sultans of the Ottoman Empire in Edirne / Adrianople made peace with the Holy Roman Empire (1568) and with Russia (1713, 1829) a total of three times.
23 Elazığ

Elazığ in Turkey.svg Elazığ (Kurdish Eleziz). The population consists of Zazas, Kurds and Turks. In the 1970s there were clashes between Sunnis and Alevis during Ramadan because the Alevis did not fast. More than 1,000 people were killed in these clashes. Elazığ is located at an altitude of 1060 m and has an area of ​​9281 km². Of these, 826 km² are water areas, as there are many reservoirs in Elazığ.
24 Erzincan

Erzincan in Turkey.svg Erzincan lies at an altitude of 1,185 m in a prone earthquake zone. In 1939 there was a major earthquake , which completely destroyed the city of Erzincan. The last major quake occurred in 1992 with a magnitude of 6.8 and around 650 deaths.
25th Erzurum

Erzurum in Turkey.svg The plateaus of the province are on average 2,000 m high, while the mountains are around 3,000 m high. The Mescit Mountains are 3,239 m high at their highest point. A mountain that is known as a resort and ski area is the Palandöken Dağı at 3,124 m .
26th Eskişehir

Eskişehir in Turkey.svg Eskişehir (Turkish for "old city", Dorylaion in ancient times) is one of the largest cities in Anatolia. The area is mainly known for the mining of sepiolite (Lületaş).
27 Gaziantep

Gaziantep in Turkey.svg Gaziantep (Kurdish Dilok) is a province in the southeast. The old name Antep is still popularly used. The province has always been an important trading center and is now one of the most important industrial areas in Turkey. The provincial capital Gaziantep is considered to be the leading "Anatolian tiger city".
28 Giresun

Giresun in Turkey.svg The name of the city possibly comes from the Greek Kerasus (German "cherry", Turkish Kiraz ). Lucius Licinius Lucullus brought about 70 BC The first cherries from Giresun to Europe. In Giresun is one of the largest hazelnut factories of Turkey , called Fiskobirlik .
29 Gümüşhane

Gümüşhane in Turkey.svg Gümüşhane is a province in northeastern Anatolia. Gümüşhane is one of the smallest and economically weakest regions. Like the other cities in the Black Sea region, Gümüşhane has a large community in Istanbul and Europe, especially in Germany.
30th Hakkari

Hakkari in Turkey.svg Hakkari (Kurdish Colemerg) is located in the mountainous southeasternmost point of Turkey and borders with Iran and Iraq. There are at least 30 mountains that are over 3,000 m high. The name Hakkari appears for the first time in the 10th century by the Arab historian and geographer İn Havsal, who said that the name derives from Her-kariyan. Her-kariyan should mean "strong" and "combative".
31 Hatay

Hatay in Turkey.svg The area of ​​Hatay, called Sanjak Alexandrette in the west until the end of the 1930s , today forms the southernmost part of Turkey and lies in the north-western border area with Syria. The capital Antakya is the former Antioch .
32 Isparta

Isparta in Turkey.svg Isparta is known for its roses, carpets and its "Suleyman Demirel University", which is attended by students from all over Turkey.
33 Mersin

Mersin in Turkey.svg Mersin (formerly: İçel) is associated with the name of St. Paul from Tarsus and with the fact that Marcus Antonius made the areas between Alanya and Mersin Cleopatra a wedding gift.
34 İstanbul

Istanbul in Turkey.svg In 2005, around 11.5 million people lived in the metropolitan area of ​​Istanbul, the area of ​​which is identical to that of the Istanbul Province. About 70% of the population of Istanbul have recently moved from Anatolia.
35 İzmir

Izmir in Turkey.svg The provincial capital İzmir is also known as the “Pearl of the Aegean”. The city used to be known under the Greek name Smyrna (neugr. Σμύρνη or Smirni ) and has the second largest port in the country after Istanbul.
36 Kars

Kars in Turkey.svg Kars belonged to the Armenian kingdom for several decades. When the tsarist troops withdrew because of the October Revolution, the Russian Kars district had declared itself independent. It was called the Government of the Republic of Southwest Caucasus. This state survived only 9 months and was only recognized by the Japanese Empire.
37 Kastamonu

Kastamonu in Turkey.svg Kastamonu (Castamuni, Byzantine Kastumbul) is a city in the province of the same name. The city is located south of the Gökırmak. The area is known for its folklore, tobacco and wooden furniture.
38 Kayseri

Kayseri in Turkey.svg The capital Kayseri (formerly Mazaka and then Caesarea) is 1,054 m above sea level at the foot of the extinct volcano Erciyes, which was responsible for the tufa layers in Cappadocia with its eruptions.
39 Kırklareli

Kırklareli in Turkey.svg Kırklareli is a province in the European part and belongs to Thrace. The Archaeological Institute of the University of İstanbul has been excavating two prehistoric settlements together with the German Archaeological Institute since 1993.
40 Kırşehir

Kırşehir in Turkey.svg After the city was rebuilt by the Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I, it was called "Justinianopolis". In 1071 the rule of the Turkish tribes began in Kırşehir. Because of its location in the barren steppe, it was given the name "Kır şehri" ("steppe town"). From the break of diplomatic relations between Turkey and the German Reich in August 1944 until 1946, Kırşehir was one of the three Anatolian cities that were assigned as compulsory residence to German citizens who did not want to or could not return to Germany.
41 Kocaeli

Kocaeli in Turkey.svg The provincial capital İzmit is highly industrialized and has the highest gross national product per capita in Turkey. İzmit (the ancient Nicomedia) was founded by the Bithynian king Nicomedes I in 264 BC. Founded as the capital. 74 BC After the death of King Nicomedes IV it came to the Roman Empire in a will. 183 BC Hannibal committed suicide near Nicomedia. Constantine the Great died in a suburb of Nicomedia in 337. Saint Barbara lived in Nicomedia in the 3rd century.
42 Konya

Konya in Turkey.svg The province of Konya (Greek Iconium) is the largest province in Turkey in terms of area. To the southeast of Konya is Çatalhöyük , one of the oldest human settlements.
43 Kutahya

Kütahya in Turkey.svg Kütahya is known for its colorfully decorated ceramics. Kütahya is the seat of the Dumlupınar University, founded in 1992.
44 Malatya

Malatya in Turkey.svg The very early settlement of Malatya can be seen in the late Neolithic city of Arslantepe. Arslantepe is the Melid of the Hittites. The name Malatya itself comes from the Hittite melid for honey.
45 Manisa

Manisa in Turkey.svg The city is a center for the raisin trade and dates back to ancient Lydian magnesia on Sipylos .
46 Kahramanmaraş

Kahramanmaraş in Turkey.svg Kahramanmaraş (Kurdish Gurgum or Mereş) was called Maraş until the end of the Turkish War of Independence. In recognition of her resistance, however, she was given the nickname Kahraman ("hero") and was called from there to Kahramanmaraş ("hero city of Maraş").
47 Mardin

Mardin in Turkey.svg The name Mardin comes from the Syrian Merde and means "castle". The area has always been the link between the Mesopotamian and Anatolian cultures.
48 Muğla

Muğla in Turkey.svg The Muğla Province is located in the extreme southwest of Asia Minor. It represents the heart of ancient Caria .

It forms a strip of about 50 × 250 km along the coast off Rhodes. The carpet manufacturers, numerous ancient sites and museums are important.

49 Muş

Muş in Turkey.svg The population consists mainly of Sunni Kurds. Until the expulsions in 1915, the city was an Armenian bishopric. The city is located on the upper reaches of the eastern Euphrates, which is called Murat here. The valley of the water-rich river is still over 1,000 meters high here.
50 Nevşehir

Nevşehir in Turkey.svg The name Nevşehir is derived from the Persian Nau (Nev) for new and Schahr (Şehir) for city and thus means new town. The province covers the main part of the Cappadocia region . Göreme is the center of the Göreme National Park, which, along with other rock monuments of Cappadocia, has been a UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Site since 1985 .
51 Niğde

Niğde in Turkey.svg The population density is 47.6 inhabitants / km².
52 Ordu

Ordu in Turkey.svg "Ordu" means "army".

According to legend, the Argonauts landed here to look for the Golden Fleece . Ordu was a small port until 1800, which was mainly inhabited by Pontic Greeks until the Greek persecution in the Ottoman Empire in 1914–1923 . Today the population consists of ethnic Turks, Caucasians (commonly referred to as Georgians by the Turks), some Muslim Armenians and a small community of descendants of the Greeks who refused to leave the region.

53 Rize

Rize in Turkey.svg The name could be derived from the Greek ριζά - rizá = "under the mountain". Today the area around the provincial capital is the center of Turkish tea and kiwi cultivation . Over 60% of the not inconsiderable total Turkish tea harvest (6% of world tea production) is achieved in this area.
54 Sakarya

Sakarya in Turkey.svg The province takes its name from the Sakarya River. The provincial capital Adapazarı benefits from the proximity to the industrial cities Istanbul, Bursa or Izmit as well as from the fertile soils in the area and is famous in Turkey for its large potatoes.
55 Samsun

Samsun in Turkey.svg Samsun is the largest Turkish city on the Black Sea. With Ataturk, the city gained importance when he called on May 19, 1919 from Samsun for the liberation struggle against the occupation and division of the country after the First World War.
56 Siirt

Siirt in Turkey.svg Siirt is between 600 and 1,600 m high. Siirt's history goes back a long way. Siirt belonged to the Assyrians, the Babylonians and then the Medes and the Persians. The Romans, the Parthians and the Sassanids also ruled here.
57 Sinop

Sinop in Turkey.svg The seaside resort of Sinop (Greek Σινώπη / Sinṓpē ) has around 25,000 inhabitants, but up to 50,000 in the summer months. Sinop was the first Black Sea colony in the city of Miletus. The philosopher Diogenes von Sinope ( Diogenes in the bin ) was born in Sinop .
58 Sivas

Sivas in Turkey.svg Sivas is the second largest province after Konya. The Sivas arson attack took place there in 1993 . At an Alevi cultural festival, the writer Aziz Nesin publicly stated that he considered a large part of the Turkish population to be “cowardly and stupid” because they did not have the courage to stand up for democracy. A crowd then gathered in front of his hotel. Incendiary devices were thrown at the hotel from the crowd. Since the hotel was made of wood, the fire spread quickly. 37 people burned to death.
59 Tekirdağ

Tekirdağ in Turkey.svg Tekirdağ (Bulgarian Родосто / Rodosto , Greek Ραιδεστός ) was mentioned by Herodotus. Today, Tekirdağ is mainly known for its Köfte restaurants and aniseed schnapps production (rakı). When the Turks conquered the city, they first called it Rodosçuk and from the 18th century Tekfur Dağı. The Tekfur comes from the Armenian word tagovar , which means "those who carry the cross". The Turks used this to describe the Christian rulers. Tekfur then became Tekir.
60 Tokat

Tokat in Turkey.svg Tokat, the ancient Eudoxia, did not play a major role in antiquity, only its fortress was important. From the 11th to 13th centuries, Tokat reached its greatest period as a trading city. The gradual political and economic decline began in the 19th century in favor of the neighboring town of Sivas. Until the 20th century, many residents emigrated to America or Europe.
61 Trabzon

Trabzon in Turkey.svg Trabzon (formerly Trapezunt), Greek Τραπεζούντα , is a transshipment point for the export of food. The Empire of Trebizond (Trabzon Rum İmparatorluğu) was one of the successor states of the Byzantine Empire and existed from 1204 to 1461. It was founded in 1204 by the ruling dynasty of the Comnenes, who had fled the capital before the conquest of Constantinople by the knights of the Fourth Crusade.
62 Tunceli

Dersim in Turkey.svg Tunceli (Dersim) is the smallest province in Turkey in terms of population. Mainly Zaza live here. In this phase the population was strongly influenced by the religion of Zoroaster. Large parts of the population have kept the traditions alive to this day.
63 Şanlıurfa

Şanlıurfa in Turkey.svg Şanlıurfa (Kurdish Riha) borders Syria in the south. A great number of Yazidis once lived in the province.

In 1983 the province, which until then was only called Urfa, was given the title şanlı ( Eng . " Glorious "). It is intended to commemorate the resistance against the French occupation in the Turkish war of liberation. Şanlıurfa is also known by the ancient name of Edessa. As the founder of the city, Ephraim the Syrian names the Assyrian king Nimrod . Jacob of Edessa then equated Nimrod with Ninos , the son of Belos , who is mentioned by Diodorus as the founder of Nineveh .

64 Usak

Uşak in Turkey.svg The strawberry festival is held annually in the region. Uşak owns Turkey's first sugar factory, and the leather goods and ceramics industries are one of the most important in Turkey. The most famous relics are the treasures of Croesus, who is literally the richest man in the world and who is said to have invented money. These treasures are exhibited in the Uşaks Archaeological Museum.
65 Van

Van in Turkey.svg (Kurdish Wan ) is on the east bank of Lake Van .

In earlier times the provincial capital Van was named Tušpa and was in the 9th century BC. The capital of the Urartian kingdom . The population at that time called themselves Nairi . Van is also known for its cats. The half-haired Van cat often has two different colored eyes and is in demand all over the world.

66 Yozgat

Yozgat in Turkey.svg In Yozgat there is Yimpaş, which was one of the leading department store companies in Turkey until the late 1990s and also opened branches in Germany. Yozgat became famous through the so-called Yozgat method. It was the first trial of the court martial after the Armenian genocide , which took place in 18 sessions in early 1919. From the break of diplomatic relations between Turkey and the German Reich in August 1944 until 1946, Yozgat was one of the three Anatolian cities that were assigned as compulsory residence to German citizens who did not want to or could not return to Germany.
67 Zonguldak

Zonguldak in Turkey.svg Zonguldak is the black coal center of Turkey. But the strawberries from this area are also famous. To the east of Ereğli is the Cehennemağzı Cave ("Hell's Throat Cave"), where mythology, according to the demigod Hercules, killed the three-headed hellhound Kerberos. Around 30% of the original inhabitants live abroad. Most of them in the Ruhr area.
68 Aksaray

Aksaray in Turkey.svg Young Christianity spread very quickly and early in the 2nd and 3rd centuries in Cappadocia, which also includes the Aksaray area. Attacks and evictions were the reason why many underground cities and churches were built. 3,000 churches in the region that have been discovered to date still bear witness to this history. The area of ​​Cappadocia was also declared a World Heritage Site and World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.
69 Bayburt

Bayburt in Turkey.svg Bayburt already played an important role in the earliest times due to its location on the Silk Road between Europe and Asia. The most famous guest of the city of Bayburt was Marco Polo, who stayed in Bayburt on his trip to China. The province suffers severely from the high level of emigration and has one of the highest emigration rates in Turkey.
70 Karaman

Karaman in Turkey.svg Karaman is a city in Asia Minor. The Karamanlı (Turkish Karamanlılar ) are a Christian Orthodox ethnic group. They spoke a Turkish with Greek loanwords and a great many Old Turkish words. During the population exchange between Greece and Turkey , around 60,000 Karamanlı had to relocate to Greece. For example, the ancestors of Konstantinos Karamanlis also lived in Karaman.
71 Kırıkkale

Kırıkkale in Turkey.svg Kırıkkale is located in northern central Anatolia, about 80 km east of Ankara. The city, which is located on important road and rail connections, experienced dynamic development in the 20th century towards becoming an important industrial center (including armaments, chemistry and wood processing). Kırıkkale has also been a university town since 1992.
72 Batman

Batman in Turkey.svg Batman (Kurdish Elih) is named after the Batman River. The growth rate in this region is very high. The local population consists entirely of Kurds. Batman is also the home of many Yazidis living in Germany. Only a few hundred mostly older Yazidis still live in Batman.
73 Şırnak

Sirnak in Turkey.svg Şırnak is a province on the border with Iraq and Syria. It is the warmest province; peak values ​​of 50 ° C were measured here. The name Şırnak is said to be derived from the word Şehr-i Nuh, which means “Noach's city”. This then became Şerneh and then Şırnak. Because the Cudi mountain is considered to be the landing place of Noah's Ark.
74 Bartın

Bartın in Turkey.svg Bartın is a province on the Black Sea. It was only granted provincial status in 1991, before that it was a district of Zonguldak Province.
75 Ardahan

Ardahan in Turkey.svg Ardahan is a province on the border with Georgia and is the first destination for Georgian and Armenian guest workers. After the First World War, this area was briefly part of the USSR together with Kars. However, with the peace treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the Soviet Union surrendered this area to Turkey. Ardahan was united with Kars into one province, but restored as a separate province in 1992.
76 Iğdır

Iğdır in Turkey.svg Iğdır borders on Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave Naxçıvan and Iran, making it the only province that borders on three states. The name Iğdır comes from the Iğdıroğlu tribe and means good, great, sublime, brave. Because of the vegetation, Iğdır is also called Yeşil Iğdır (Green Iğdır). Mount Ararat is largely within the boundaries of Iğdır. However, the peaks are in the Ağrı Province.
77 Yalova

Yalova in Turkey.svg Yalova (Pylai in ancient times) is located on the southeastern part of the Marmara Sea, only 24 nautical miles from Istanbul.

Yalova is a popular resort with a high level of local tourism. Many visitors come from Istanbul but also from Arab countries. Mostly from Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates or Saudi Arabia. The thermal baths were probably already used in Hellenistic times. Because of their healing properties, they were visited by Constantine the Great or Kemal Ataturk.

78 Karabük

Karabük in Turkey.svg Karabük is characterized by the large steel mill. Traditionally there were many small steelmakers and blacksmiths in the region, of which only a few workshops designed for tourism in Safranbolu are left today. A large part of the population emigrated.
79 Kilis

Kilis in Turkey.svg Kilis lies on the border with Syria and belongs to the Turkish part of the Kurd Dagh. Kurd Dagh ("Mountain of the Kurds"). The Kurd Dagh is one of the three "ethnic" mountains of Syria. The names of the other two are Jabal an-Nusayriyah ("Mountain of the Nusairians") and Jabal ad-Duruz ("Mountain of the Druze").
80 Osmaniye

Osmaniye in Turkey.svg Osmaniye has 458,782 inhabitants on an area of ​​3,189 km².
81 Düzce

Düzce in Turkey.svg Düzce is the westernmost Black Sea province. The hazelnuts for Nutella come from the coastal town of Akcakoca (“Bodrum of the North”) - the Levantine variety is the world standard for hazelnuts. After the 1999 earthquake, Düzce gained provincial status; before that it was part of Bolu Province.

Web links

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Press Release from January 31, 2013
  3. Directorate General of Mapping PDF file 0.25 MB