|Province (il) :||Muğla|
|Residents :||64,706 (2012)|
|Population density :||39,240 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code :||(+90) 252|
|Postal code :||48,000|
|License plate :||48|
|Structure and administration (as of 2019)|
|Mayor :||Osman Gürün ( CHP )|
|Residents :||99,158 (2011)|
|Population density :||60 inhabitants per km²|
Muğla [ ˈmuːla ] ( Greek Μούγλα Mougla ) is a city with 64,706 inhabitants in the mountains of southwestern Turkey and the capital of the province of the same name, Muğla , which stretches along the Aegean coast in a strip of 50 × 250 km in front of Rhodes . It is named after one of the smallest population of Turkey's 81 provincial capitals, but known for its well-preserved old town , the carpet - factories and some museums with antique treasures.
Muğla has been around since the Early Bronze Age , i. H. since approx. 3000 BC Settled. Settlement epochs followed by Phrygians , Lydians and Greeks . The Persian Empire conquered the city in 546 BC. BC, 334 BC It was taken by Alexander the Great in BC , and then it belonged to the Kingdom of Pergamon . 133 BC The Romans took over the rule, and after the separation of the Eastern Roman Empire, Muğla came under Byzantine rule, where it remained until the Seljuks conquered in 1270 . The name Muğla is said to be derived from a general named "Muğlu Bey" who is said to have briefly conquered the city under the Seljuk sultan named Kılıç Arslan. In the Middle Ages, the name "Mobella" was also common. In 1424 the Ottomans invaded.
During the First World War, Muğla was the target of Italian invasion plans, which, however, were not carried out due to the expected resistance. The local leadership played the Italian power against the advancing Greek occupying power and was thus spared from a Greek occupation. The drafted residents of Muğla fought in the Turkish Liberation War and the city suffered heavy losses.
The first urban planning plan was drawn up in 1936–1939. In the 1970s, the city began to be developed for tourism.
The soccer club Muğlaspor plays in the TFF 3rd Lig , the fourth highest Turkish soccer division. Except for eleven seasons, the club has played continuously in the lower Turkish professional leagues since it was founded in 1967. The stadium has 7,755 seats.
Geography and climate
Muğla is about 20 km away from the coast of the Mediterranean Sea ( Gulf of Gökova ). The city is embedded in the Asar (Hisar) Mountains and is 660 m above sea level. Precipitation values are very high for Turkey, which is why older houses in the city have characteristic chimney heads with rain protection ("hat"). These also adorn the city's coat of arms.
|Muğla, Menteşe (646 m)|
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Muğla, Menteşe (646 m)
- Saburhane (the listed old town with traditional Muğla houses)
- Ulu Mosque (1334 the oldest mosque in the city)
- Muğla Museum (exhibits from ancient times)
- Clock tower at the Bazar ( clock tower built in 1895 )
- Vakıflar Hamamı (a hammam that has been in service since 1334 )
- Basil Zaharoff (1849–1936), arms dealer and casino owner
- Zihni Derin (1880–1965), agricultural engineer and founder of the Turkish tea industry
- Mehmet Fıstık (1944–2009), pantomime
- Selda Bağcan (* 1948), Turkish singer
- Volkan Fındıklı (* 1990), football player
- Turkish Institute for Statistics ( memento of October 23, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), accessed September 9, 2013
- Muğla Province website (Turkish)