|Province (il) :||Muğla|
|Residents :||10,034 (2008)|
|Telephone code :||(+90) 252|
|Postal code :||48 xxx|
|License plate :||48|
|Structure and administration (status: 2009)|
|Mayor :||Mustafa Şener Tokcan ( CHP )|
|Residents :||16,008 (2008)|
|Population density :||34 inhabitants per km²|
|Kaymakam :||Mustafa Kaya|
The place is located on an approximately five kilometers wide narrow point of the peninsula of the same name , which covers a total area of 459 km². Inland is Alt-Datça ( Eski Datça ) with traditional houses.
The city is the capital of the district of the same name. The mayor is M. Şener Tokcan.
The Datça region was already settled in ancient times. The ruins of the ancient city of Knidos in the west of the peninsula, which dates back to the 7th century BC, bear witness to this . To be dated. Knidos was connected to the eastern Mediterranean region through its port.
The Turkish colonization of the island began in Seljuk times, probably by sea
The Turkish traveler Evliya Çelebi crossed the region in 1670 and mentions the place name "Dacca", which is very similar to the current name. We also know from Evliya Çelebi that the peninsula had between 7,000 and 8,000 inhabitants in the 17th century.
Datça has been under the influence of the local dynasty of the Tuhfezades since the 17th century.
The region was cut off from the Anatolian hinterland by a mountain range and until the early 20th century was oriented more towards the Aegean islands of Rhodes , Kos and Symi . However, that changed in 1911 when the Ottoman Empire lost the islands off the Datça peninsula to Italy in the Italo-Turkish War .
During the First World War and due to the population exchange between Greece and Turkey in 1923, Datça's population declined. In the 1950s, the population continued to decline, with many residents moving to the surrounding cities. Since the 1970s, Datça has developed as a center of tourism, with the population increasing again.
The poet Can Yücel spent the last decades of his life here.
Datça is connected to Marmaris by a main road . There are also ferry connections to Bodrum from the Körmen ferry port located around five kilometers north of the city. There is also a weekly ferry connection to the opposite Greek island of Symi.
- Turkish Institute for Statistics ( Memento from December 5, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ), accessed November 23, 2009
- Evliya Çelebi, Seyahatname (Istanbul, Devlet Matbaası, 1935 [1671/72], p. 226.)
- Horst Unbehaun, Clientelism and Political Participation in Rural Turkey. Der Kreis Datça (1923–1992) (Hamburg: Deutsches Orient-Institut, 1994), pp. 65–85.