International biathlon union
|International Biathlon Union
|Seat||Anif , Austria|
|founding||2nd July 1993
|place||London , UK|
|Secretary General||Niklas Carlsson|
|Members||54 national associations|
The International Biathlon Union (IBU) ( English International Biathlon Union ) is the umbrella organization of all national biathlon associations. It was founded in 1993 in Heathrow . It currently consists of 56 associations. It has been based in Anif since May 2020 , after having previously been based in neighboring Salzburg since 1998 .
On July 2, 1993 in Heathrow near London, the national biathlon associations decided in a founding congress to separate the sport of biathlon from the world association UIPMB (Union Internationale de Pentathlon Modern Biathlon), where it had been integrated since 1953, and to create its own world association, the International Biathlon Union (IBU) to be founded. At this inaugural meeting, the new association adopted its constitution and elected its first board. The previous 57 biathlon members of the UIPMB were automatically accepted as members of the IBU. In August 1998 the International Olympic Committee recognized the IBU as an independent international Olympic winter sports association and in the same year the GAISF (General Assembly International Sports Federations, today's name Sportaccord ) accepted the IBU as a full member.
In June 1999 the IBU established itself as an association based in Salzburg . The constituent general assembly required by Austrian association law took place in September 1999 in Minsk . A working partnership has been entered into with UNESCO , the most important component of which has been joint development projects for the biathlon sport since 1999 within the framework of existing UNESCO programs under the umbrella of CIGEPS (Conseil International Gouvernemental de l'éducation physique et du sport). The IBU thus fulfilled the legal requirements of a non-governmental organization ( NGO ) under Austrian law and was granted this status by the Austrian Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs in 2000.
Since the IBU was founded, world championships for men and women as well as world championships for juniors have been held annually - with the exception of the years in which the Olympic Winter Games take place. Since 2002, together with the world championships for the juniors, world championships for the youth classes have also been held. 9 World Cup events are currently held annually . Since the 1994/95 season, European championships have been organized for senior and junior classes. Furthermore, the former European Cup was converted into the IBU Cup , a second, worldwide series. In the summer of 1996 the first world championship in summer biathlon was held in Hochfilzen . Since 2010, European championships in summer biathlon have only been held in cross biathlon and world championships in summer biathlon only in roller skibiathlon. From the 1999/2000 season, the IBU took over the leadership of the FITA (Federation Internationale de Tir a l'Arc) for the sport of Archery Biathlon (shooting with a bow and arrow instead of a rifle) and has since given it up again. The highlights every four years are the Olympic Winter Games , at which in the year after the IBU was founded, biathlon was represented in the program with 3 competitions each for men and women and since 2006 with 5 competitions each for men and women. The mixed relay was held for the first time at the Olympic Games in Sochi 2014 .
Raid on IBU headquarters in April 2018
The Federal Criminal Police raided on 10 April 2018, the business premises of the IBU in Salzburg. According to the World Anti-Doping Agency , the raid, which was carried out in coordination with the Norwegian police and Interpol , is related to doping. The investigation is in particular against President Anders Besseberg and Secretary General Nicole Resch .
The Vienna Business and Corruption Public Prosecutor's Office , which usually does not investigate doping matters, is responsible. On the same day - according to the EU Commission - there were raids across the EU on companies involved in the marketing of rights for the transmission of sporting events. There is a suspicion of violating antitrust law.
President Besseberg told Reuters that “the investigation related to doping issues that the IBU did not pursue. This is about suspicious blood samples. ”Besseberg wanted to wait for the judicial investigation and temporarily resigned from his position as President of the IBU. On April 12, 2018, he officially resigned from his position as Association President.
The WADA accuses Besseberg, among other things, of "having allowed himself to be bribed with paid hunting trips to Russia and the placement of prostitutes" in order to campaign for the 2021 Biathlon World Championships to be awarded to Tyumen . In the case of Nicole Resch, it is said that she "practically had sole sovereignty over the doping administration program in the association and denied access to other IBU employees." Up to 100,000 euros should be given to members of the IBU committee. In the 2017/18 season , 17 out of 22 Russian athletes are said to have started doping in World Cup and IBU Cup races. Overall, the IBU is said to have covered up a total of 65 doping cases by Russian athletes since 2011.
Types of competition
The World Championships are the most important event for which the IBU is responsible and - with the exception of the Olympic years - are held annually.
The World Cup is a racing series that takes place annually from the end of November to the end of March and includes nine venues with 25 to 30 races. Then there are the World Championships, which are also part of the World Cup.
Open European Championships
The European Championships take place annually, but despite their name, they are not continental championships in the strict sense, but part of the IBU Cup.
The IBU Cup is the second highest annual racing series in biathlon. Until the 2007/08 season the official name was European Cup , but non-European athletes were also allowed to take part in this. It includes eight venues and the European Championships.
Junior World Championships
Youth and junior world championships are organized annually for male and female youth and for juniors.
The IBU Junior Cup was introduced as the third racing series for the 2015/16 season . It includes three venues as well as world and European junior championships. In the course of the introduction, the latter will be separated from the regular European championships and have since been held as a separate event.
Most continents organize their continental championships annually according to their rules based on the IBU competition rules:
- North America
- South America
In Asia, North and South America and Oceania, a different number of continental cups are organized annually according to their rules on the basis of the IBU competition rules.
World championships in summer biathlon
Summer biathlon world championships are held annually for men, women, juniors and juniors with roller skiing and small bore shooting.
|Besseberg is different||July 2, 1993 - April 12, 2018|
|Klaus Leistner (Interim)||April 12, 2018 - September 7, 2018|
|Olle Dahlin||September 7, 2018 - acting|
Managing directors / general secretaries
|Peter Bayer||July 2, 1993 - 2004|
|Michael Geistlinger||2004 - April 30, 2008|
|Nicole Resch (Interim)||April 30, 2008 - November 12, 2008|
|Nicole Resch||November 12, 2008 - April 13, 2018 *|
|Martin Kuchenmeister (Interim)||April 13, 2018 - February 28, 2019|
|Alf Koksvik (Interim)||March 1, 2019 - August 31, 2019|
|Niklas Carlsson||September 1, 2019 - acting|
The current board consists of:
- Olle Dahlin, President
- Jiří Hamza, Vice President
- Klaus Leistner, treasurer
- Max Cobb
- Tore Bøygard
- Franz Steinle
- Ivor Lehotan
- James Carrabre
- Clare Egan , Athlete Representative
- Niklas Carlsson, General Secretary
- Felix Bitterling, sports director
- Christian Winkler, communications director
- Dagmara Gerasimuk, Development Director
- Borut Nunar, Race Director Biathlon World Cup
- Kristjan Oja , IBU Cup Race Director
- Arne Eidam, IBU Junior Cup Race Director
Franz Berger (Austria), Tomasz Bernat (Poland), Gerald Hönig (Germany), Vlastimil Jakeš (Czech Republic), Kari Korpela (Sweden), Matej Kordež (Slovenia), Henrik L'Abée-Lund (Norway, athlete representative), Lorenz Leitgeb (Italy), Wolha Nasarawa (Belarus), Christophe Vassallo (France, Chairman), Hillar Zahkna (Estonia)
The International Biathlon Union has 54 national associations as full members:
|Argentina||Federacion Argentina de Biathlon|
|Armenia||Hajatani Biathloni Federazia (Հայաստանի բիաթլոնի ֆեդերացիա)|
|Australia||Australian Biathlon Association Inc|
|Belgium||Royal Belgian Ski Association|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Skijaški Savez Bosne i Hercegovine|
|Brazil||Confederação Brasileira de Desportos na Neve|
|Bulgaria||Balgarska Federatsija po Biatlon (Българска федерация по биатлон)|
|Chile||Federación Chilena de Biathlon|
|People's Republic of China||Chinese Ski Association|
|Denmark||Danmarks Ski Association|
|Germany||German Ski Association|
|Estonia||Eesti Laskesuusatamise Föderatsioon|
|France||Fédération Française de Ski|
|Georgia||Sakartvelos Erovnuli Biat'loni Pederatsia (საქართველოს ეროვნული ბიატლონი ფედერაცია)|
|Greece||Ellinikí Omospondía Chionodromías (Ελληνική Ομοσπονδία Χιονοδρομίας)|
|Greenland||Greenland Biathlon Federation|
|United Kingdom||British Biathlon Union|
|India||Indian Biathlon Association|
|Ireland||Snow Sports Association of Ireland|
|Italy||Federazione Italiana Sport Invernali|
|Japan||Japan Biathlon Federation (日本 バ イ ア ス ロ ン 連 盟)|
|Kazakhstan||Soyuz Biatlonistow Respubliki Kazakhstan (Союз биатлонистов Республики Казахстан)|
|Kyrgyzstan||Kırgız Respublikasının Biatlon (Кыргыз Республикасынын Биатлон)|
|Croatia||Hrvatski biatlonski savez|
|Latvia||Latvijas Biatlona federācijas|
|Liechtenstein||Liechtenstein Ski Association|
|Lithuania||Lietuvos Biatlono federacija|
|North Macedonia||Ski jacket federacija na Makedonija|
|Moldova||Federația de Biatlon a Republicii Moldova|
|Mongolia||Mongolyn Biatlony Cholboo (Монголын Биатлоны Холбоо)|
|New Zealand||Biathlon New Zealand|
|Netherlands||Nederlandse Ski Vereniging|
|Austria||Austrian Ski Association|
|Poland||Polski Związek Biathlonu|
|Romania||Federatia romana de Ski Biathlon|
|Serbia||Biatlon Sawez Srbije (Биатлон Савез Србије)|
|Slovakia||Slovenský zväz Biatlonu|
|Slovenia||Smučarska zveza Slovenije|
|Spain||Real Federación Española Deportes de Invierno|
|South Korea||Korea Biathlon Union (한국 바이애슬론 연합)|
|Taiwan||Chinese Taipei Modern Pentathlon and Biathlon Association|
|Czech Republic||Český svaz biatlonu|
|Turkey||Türkıye Kayak Federasyonu|
|Ukraine||Federatsija Biatlonu Ukrajiny (Федерація біатлону України)|
|Hungary||Magyar Sí Szövetség|
|United States||United States Biathlon Association|
|Uzbekistan||O'zbekiston Respublikasi Texnik sport Respublika markazi|
|Belarus||Belorusskaja Federatsija Biatlona (Белорусская федерация биатлона)|
|Cyprus||Omospondía Kýprou Víathlo (Ομοσπονδία Κύπρου Βίαθλο)|
Advertising and sponsors
As a television sport with millions of viewers, biathlon attracts major sponsors . The International Biathlon Union and its marketing partner Infront Austria organized a so-called scarce sponsorship concept . The IBU has signed a contract with the marketer Infront Austria, as well as with the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) for television broadcasting rights since 1993 and until 2022 . In 2014, after twenty years , BMW replaced E.ON and Ruhrgas as the title sponsor of the World Cup, plus there are five premium sponsors ( Viessmann , DKB , Erdinger alcohol-free , Bauhaus and Hörmann ). These companies are present at the Biathlon World Championship and at all Biathlon World Cups.
- Official website (in German, English and Russian)
- History of the IBU ( Memento of the original from December 15, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Investigations against the biathlon boss and IBU general secretary. Süddeutsche Zeitung , April 11, 2018, accessed on August 27, 2020 .
- fuss raided Biathlon Association on sport.oe24.at, accessed on April 11, 2018
- IBU President resigns from office for the time being on salzburg.orf.at, accessed on April 12, 2018
- After allegations of corruption at the Biathlon World Federation: President Besseberg resigns on merkur.de, accessed on April 15, 2018
- Doping and prostitution: Biathlon Association in the Crossfire ( Memento of the original from April 17, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. at sport.de, accessed on April 16, 2018
- competitions ( Memento of the original from January 30, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- IBU Congress: Olle Dahlin (SWE) elected as new IBU President
- International Biathlon Union announces new Secretary General, accessed September 1, 2019
- IBU announces new Directors of Communications and Sport
- Members of the new IBU Athlete's Committee elected on biathlonworld.com, accessed on August 18, 2018
- IBU Member Federations
- Constitution of the IBU Annex 3, accessed on November 5, 2019
- EBU and IBU sign exclusive media rights agreement until March 2022 on ebu.ch, accessed on August 18, 2018
- Lars Becker: Thanks to Laura Dahlmeier & Co: Biathlon World Cup inspires millions - and sponsors . In: ispo.com . November 28, 2017. Retrieved August 18, 2018.