Biathlon world cup

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"Crystal balls", trophies for the winner of the overall World Cup

The Biathlon World Cup is a series of international biathlon competitions held during the winter and the highest competition class in biathlon. The IBU Cup is also held internationally and is the second highest competition series for biathletes after the World Cup. The races are organized by the Biathlon World Federation IBU . The first official World Cups took place for men in 1978 and for women in 1987. In addition to the overall World Cup rating, there have also been separate ratings for the disciplines run in the World Cup since 1989.


The competition series today consists of nine World Cups with at least two, but mostly three competitions per event. The season usually includes about 22 individual races, four relay races and four mixed relay races ("mixed relay" and "single mixed relay"). There are also competitions at the Olympic Winter Games or Biathlon World Championships . In contrast to the winter sports regulated by the FIS , these can also be included in the World Cup ratings. Currently, however, this only applies to the competitions of the World Championships; the 2014 Winter Games were no longer counted as a World Cup. Compared to the early days, the number of events and competitions has gradually increased over the years, from the 2008/09 season even an expansion of the calendar to ten seasonal stations was planned, from which the IBU moved away again after protests by the coaching body.

Qualification criteria

In order to be able to take part in individual or relay competitions in the World Cup, World Championships or Olympic Games, an athlete must have met certain minimum requirements in the current or previous season. For this purpose, he must either achieve a time in a sprint or individual competition within the framework of the European Cup or the European Championships that does not exceed the average time of the top three by more than 20 percent or, alternatively, achieve a position in the first half of the results list at the Junior World Championships.

In order to maintain their starting eligibility for the following season, every participant in a competition belonging to the World Cup must also achieve a sprint or individual competition time that does not exceed that of the best by 20 percent (exception: individual women with 25%). At the request of a national association, for example in the event of injuries or pregnancy, an exemption can be granted for an athlete.

Allocation of starting places

The IBU repeatedly changed and adjusted the allocation of starting places, and new starting quotas and rules will be used from the 2015/16 season . Now there is only a fixed starting quota for the best 25 nations in the nations ranking of the previous year. The best nation in the IBU Cup that is not among the top 25 in the World Cup will receive a starting place. Instead of three, four wildcards are now given. The total number of starters increases from 108 to a maximum of 110 per sprint and individual race.

Maximum number of starting places per national association since 2015/16
Placement in the Nations Cup 1-5 6-10 11-17 18-23 24 + 25 IBU
Number of starting places 6th 5 4th 3 2 1
Maximum number of starting places per national association until 2014/150
Placement in the Nations Cup 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 21-25 26-30
Number of starting places 6th 5 4th 3 2 1

World Cup points system

The IBU World Cup points system for the individual races for women and men determines the overall and discipline scores in the Biathlon World Cup. It differs from the FIS point system that is otherwise common in Nordic and Alpine skiing in that the high level of constancy is rewarded more strongly throughout the season than a constant change between top positions and placements at the end of or outside the points. For example, a biathlete who wins five out of ten races and does not score in the remaining five races receives fewer points than a competitor who always comes in tenth place in these races (300 versus 310) - according to the FIS system , he would against it score almost twice as many points as his opponent (500 versus 260).

The leading athletes in the overall World Cup wear a yellow jersey in the races based on the example of the Tour de France , the leading athletes in the respective discipline rankings are identified by a red jersey , and there is also a yellow-red combination for athletes who are in the overall - and lead the discipline scoring. The trophies awarded at the end of the season for victory in these ratings - the so-called large and small crystal balls - become the property of the respective winners.

Competitions at World Championships and Olympic Games are also part of the World Cup in biathlon, which is why these races are also rated according to the same point system and are included in the rating. However, there are exceptions, the results of the World Championships and Olympic Games were not always included in the World Cup ranking. The following were not rated:

  • the world championships 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993
  • the Winter Olympics up to and including 1994 and since 2014

Distribution of points

Distribution of points since the 2008/09 season
placement 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 10 11 12 13 14th 15th 16 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23 24 25th 26th 27 28 29 30th 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Points 60 54 48 43 40 38 36 34 32 31 30th 29 28 27 26th 25th 24 23 22nd 21st 20th 19th 18th 17th 16 15th 14th 13 12 11 10 9 8th 7th 6th 5 4th 3 2 1
Distribution of points for the mass start since the 2014/15 season
placement 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 10 11 12 13 14th 15th 16 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23 24 25th 26th 27 28 29 30th
Points 60 54 48 43 40 38 36 34 32 31 30th 29 28 27 26th 25th 24 23 22nd 21st 20th 18th 16 14th 12 10 8th 6th 4th 2
Former point systems 0
Distribution of points from the 2000/01 season to the 2007/08 season
placement 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 10 11 12 13 14th 15th 16 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23 24 25th 26th 27 28 29 30th
Points 50 46 43 40 37 34 32 30th 28 26th 24 22nd 20th 18th 16 15th 14th 13 12 11 10 9 8th 7th 6th 5 4th 3 2 1
Distribution of points from the 1984/85 season to the 1999/2000 season
placement 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 10 11 12 13 14th 15th 16 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23 24 25th
Points 30th 26th 24 22nd 21st 20th 19th 18th 17th 16 15th 14th 13 12 11 10 9 8th 7th 6th 5 4th 3 2 1
Distribution of points before the 1984/85 season
placement 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 10 11 12 13 14th 15th 16 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23 24 25th
Points 25th 24 23 22nd 21st 20th 19th 18th 17th 16 15th 14th 13 12 11 10 9 8th 7th 6th 5 4th 3 2 1

Deletion results

A special feature of the Biathlon World Cup are the results of the deletion . At the end of the season, the three worst results of each starter were deleted and then the final overall World Cup ranking was calculated. In the discipline evaluations, there was one deletion result from the minimum number of four races. In the overall ranking, in particular, the discarded results were generally attributable to competitions that were skipped or ended outside of the points, so that there was usually no change in the total number of athletes' points. However, if an athlete remained without points in less than three races, his position in the classification could deteriorate, since he then actually scored World Cup points were deducted. Because this could result in financial losses, this regulation was not without controversy.

For example, when Ole Einar Bjørndalens won the overall World Cup in the 2004/05 season , in which he voluntarily renounced seven competitions, 16 deleted points for long-leading Sven Fischer tipped the balance in favor of the Norwegian. On the other hand, athletes who, through no fault of their own, have to forego participating in one or more races of the season and thus possibly miss a better placement, could experience compensation through the cancellation results of their competitors. In the 2006/07 season , Andrea Henkel won the overall ranking of women after deducting the deleted results , even though she had missed four competitions due to illness, as she only collected twelve or six points less than Kati Wilhelm and Anna Carin Olofsson thanks to a significantly higher average of points would have. For the 2010/11 season , the streak results in the World Cup were abolished. Since the following season , the two worst results in the overall World Cup have been canceled again. In contrast, the abolition of the deletion results in the discipline scores remained.

Nations ranking

In addition to the World Cup ranking, points are also awarded for the “Nations Cup”. The total number of points collected determines the starting quota of the respective nation in the following World Cup season. The results of individual races, sprint races, relays and mixed relays are used for the nation ranking, with a separate point system that is structured differently than for the World Cup points and is managed separately. Half of the points from the mixed and single mixed relays are used in the men's and women's national rankings. For each individual race, only the points of the three best placed athletes of a nation are included in the rating. The following point distribution has been used since the 2008/09 season:

placement 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 10 each further up to the last placement
Points 160 154 148 143 140 138 136 134 132 131 each one point less
placement 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 10 11 12 13 14th 15th 16 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23 24 25th 26th 27 28 29 30th
Points 420 390 360 330 310 290 270 250 230 220 210 200 190 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30th 20th



  • The sprint is the most frequently run discipline in the World Cup and takes place at almost every venue. In the interval start, the athletes usually go every 30 seconds on the 7.5 km route for women and 10 km for men. Shooting is done twice in the sequence, standing and lying, for each missed shot an athlete must complete a 150 m penalty loop, which means a loss of time of a little more than 20 seconds.
  • The pursuit is the second most popular discipline in the World Cup after the sprint. It always follows on from a previous competition. This is usually a sprint, more rarely an individual competition. The best 60 participants in the so-called qualification competition - namely the sprint or individual - go into the pursuit race in the order of their placement and with the respective time lag - halved in a previous individual race, however. If qualified athletes do not start, the field will not be filled out. The distance of the pursuit race is 10 km for women and 12.5 km for men. It is shot twice lying down, then standing twice. As in the sprint, there is one penalty loop for each missed shot.
  • The individual competition is the most traditional discipline, but it is now the least common in the World Cup, alongside the mass start. Alternating between lying and standing, there is a total of four shots, for each missed shot, the participants are added a penalty minute to their competition time. The length of the route is 15 km for women and 20 km for men. As in the sprint, the athletes start the race in the interval start.
  • The mass start is the youngest discipline in the World Cup. Since the 2014/15 season, ten rows with three athletes each have started simultaneously. Before that, the start was in three rows of ten, which first had to cover a short distance in the classic style. This classic style at the beginning of the race has also been replaced by the skating style since 2014. On the women’s 12.5 km and men’s 15 km long route, as in the pursuit, firing takes place twice in a prone position and then twice in a standing position, and a penalty loop must be run for each missed target. According to the current regulations, the best 25 athletes in the current overall standings and the five athletes who are not placed in the top 25 and who have won the most World Cup points in the respective World Cup week in which the mass start was held are eligible to start. According to the old regulations, the top 30 in the overall World Cup ranking were eligible to start. There are special rules for World Championships and Olympic Games. If qualified athletes waive their participation, which they have to confirm up to two hours before the start of the race, the starting field will be filled to 30 starters with the next athletes in the World Cup.
  • In the relay competitions , four women and four men from one nation form a team. There is one horizontal and one standing shot each. In addition to the normal five rounds of ammunition, each runner has three reserve cartridges per shot. These reserve cartridges must be carried on the rifle and reloaded individually if necessary. A penalty loop must be run for each target not hit after eight shots. For men, the distance for each runner is 7.5 km, for women it is now 6 km.
    • The mixed relay (also: mixed relay ) is a special form of relay competition. Here two women and two men from one nation each form a team. The rules are identical, since the 2019/20 season the running route has been the same for all athletes. If the women start first, the running distance is 6 km and if the men start it is 7.5 km. Before that, the women ran 6 km and the men 7.5 km.
    • The single mixed relay (also: simple mixed relay ) is a competition that combines elements of biathlon mixed relay and cross-country team sprint, in which a woman and a man run alternately. The women complete the first section with 2x 1.5 km and a prone and a standing shooting. Immediately after the standing stage, there is no longer a running lap, but immediately afterwards given to the man, who completes the same distance and then hands it back to the woman. The last position of the relay is occupied by the man again, after the last shooting bout an additional lap with 1.5 km running distance must be completed. This results in a total running distance of 6 + 7.5 km. As in the other relay competitions, there are three reserve cartridges per shooting bout, the length of the penalty loop is 75 m. If a mixed relay and a single mixed relay take place on the same day, then no athlete is allowed to take part in both competitions. This competition was held for the first time in the 2014/15 season as part of the World Cup in Nové Město na Moravě in the Czech Republic .
  • The team competition will no longer be run . Here, four athletes of one team ran together, the four shooting bouts were only ever performed by one shooter. The resulting penalty loops for missed shots were run by the entire team.

Development and special features

Individual competitions

In the early years of women's biathlon, the sprint was held over 5 km, the length of the individual race was 10 km with three shooting bouts. In 1989, the sprint route was extended to the 7.5 km run today. The individual race was extended to four shooting bouts and the distance was extended to 15 km.

With the pursuit competition in the mid-1990s, the first individual discipline was created in which the athletes compete directly. The pursuit competition was held for the first time at the beginning of the 1996/97 season. In Lillehammer, Norway, there were two German winners of the new competition: Simone Greiner-Petter-Memm and Sven Fischer . Since the athletes go into the competition according to the time intervals of the qualifying race, this can lead to a start-to-finish victory with little tension if the first place has a very large lead. In the pursuit race in Hochfilzen in December 2001, the Swede Magdalena Forsberg succeeded in extending the lead of 59.4 seconds from the sprint race to a lead of 3:13 minutes over the runner-up Alena Subrylawa . Such races are the exception, however, as Forsberg had one of the fastest running times in addition to her large starting lead in this race and was the only athlete who did not make a shooting error. Every now and then it happens that the winners of the sprint race fall behind in the pursuit race despite some large lead and do not take any of the top positions. The races become particularly exciting when the time intervals between the athletes start the race are relatively short. If an athlete starts the race with a long time lag, he can usually no longer be placed at the very top. Nevertheless, these athletes can still improve considerably in the pursuit race. At the beginning of the 2005/06 season the Frenchman Julien Robert started after 60th place in the Östersund sprint as the last of the pursuit race, but improved by 50 places until the end and finally finished 10th. At the 2009 World Cup, Belarusian Darja Domratschawa made it from 53rd place to 5th place in the sprint. At the same time, Marie Laure Brunet from France , who started 52nd, finished 7th without a shooting error.

Another new form of competition was the mass start. As a test competition, the mass start was held for the first time at the World Cup finals of the 1996/97 season in Novosibirsk, Russia. The first winner was the Austrian Wolfgang Perner , the first winner was Anna Sprung, who was still starting for Russia at the time . For the first time as a regular World Cup race, the mass start took place in the 1998/99 season. On January 13, 1999 the French Raphaël Poirée and the German Uschi Disl won in Ruhpolding .

At World Championships and Olympic Winter Games , qualification criteria that differ from the World Cup are used for the mass start: Only the 15 best-placed athletes of the overall World Cup are allowed to start, as well as all medal winners of the current title fights. The 30 missing places are supplemented by the athletes who have achieved the most World Cup points in the course of the championships. The mass start race is therefore the last individual discipline in the competition program. This is of particular benefit to weaker athletes. At the 2009 World Cup, Anastasiya Kuzmina from Slovakia won the silver medal, although she could only collect 34 points before the World Cup. However, by performing well during the event, she was able to qualify for the competition.

With the introduction of the pursuit and mass start competition, the number of individual races over 20 and 15 km has been reduced. In the meantime, the longest route in the biathlon circus is rarely run at World Cup events because of its relatively unspectacular arc of tension for television and is usually only part of the competition program at the beginning of a season or at major events. In order to reduce the duration of the race, it is repeatedly discussed to limit the number of starters.

Relay race

While athletes from many countries have a chance of victory in the individual disciplines, in the relay races, despite occasional exceptions, the big biathlon nations such as Norway, Russia and Germany, which have a much larger number of successful athletes than smaller nations, are often victorious. Although there is often a tendency already during the race as to which relay team will emerge from the race as the winning team, some races will only be decided shortly before the end. In the 2005/06 season, the Russian women's relay could only be determined as the winner through a photo finish between Russian Olga Saizewa and German Simone Denkinger . With only one spare, the Russian relay showed an extremely safe shooting result in this race. In the women's relay in Ruhpolding in the 2007/08 season, the German final runner Kati Wilhelm was 51.1 seconds behind the leading Norwegian Ann-Kristin Flatland at the beginning of her race, but made up more than 70 seconds and came with a lead of 24.3 seconds to the goal. Despite three penalty loops, the German relay won the race.

For women, the distances over which the relay race is held have changed several times over the years. Initially, the relay consisted of three runners who each had to complete 5 km. In 1989 the length of the route was increased to 7.5 km for each of the three runners. In 1991 the women's relay was extended to four athletes per nation, the distance of 7.5 km was retained. Thus, the relay was the only competition in which men and women had to complete the same distance. In 2003 the distance was changed again, at the moment 4 × 6 km are run. This step was carried out by the IBU in order to give shooting a higher priority and thus increase the chances of weaker nations running.

Another measure to offer countries with a small number of good athletes better opportunities was the introduction of the mixed relay, which was held for the first time in the 2004/05 season. The importance of the mixed relay is viewed differently from nation to nation or athlete to athlete. While the Swedish mixed relay, which was victorious in Antholz , explicitly trained for this race, many athletes who started in the other races, such as Kati Wilhelm, Magdalena Neuner, Ole Einar Bjørndalen or Nikolai Kruglow, were not used in the mixed relay. Since the mixed was included in the official World Cup program, however, its importance has steadily increased. The mixed relay has been included in the Olympic Games since the 2014 Winter Olympics. The mixed relay was supplemented by the single mixed relay in the 2014/15 season and was carried out for the first time as part of the World Cup in Nové Město na Moravě in the Czech Republic. In 2019, this format was held for the first time during a world championship. This competition has not yet taken place at the Olympic Games.


In the Biathlon World Cup, the performance density of the athletes is comparatively high in contrast to some other winter sports. In the 2006/07 season, a total of 85 men and women 82 athletes were among the top 30 athletes in at least one World Cup race. Some biathletes are now among the most successful winter athletes ever, the Norwegian Ole Einar Bjørndalen has so far achieved the most World Cup victories of all male winter athletes , Kati Wilhelm is one of the most successful German Olympic participants.

The most successful athletes

Ole Einar Bjørndalen

See also: List of World Cup winners in biathlon

The men's record holder is the Frenchman Martin Fourcade with seven overall World Cup victories, ahead of the Norwegian Ole Einar Bjørndalen with six overall World Cup victories . Behind them are the French Raphaël Poirée and the German Frank Ullrich with four overall World Cup victories each. Bjørndalen is also the athlete who has achieved the most World Cup victories with 94 successes to date. Martin Fourcade has 79 individual wins, followed by Johannes Thingnes Bø with currently 47 wins.

With the Germans Michael Greis , Mark Kirchner and Sven Fischer , the Norwegians Halvard Hanevold , Ole Einar Bjørndalen and Emil Hegle Svendsen, the Russian Nikolai Kruglow and the French Martin Fourcade, there are so far eight biathletes who have been singles at both the World Championships and the Olympic Games - and could win relay gold. Of these, Greis, Fischer, Svendsen, Bjørndalen and Fourcade were also winners of the overall World Cup, so that they were able to celebrate equally successes at all three events at the highest level of biathlon. In addition, Svendsen and Bjørndalen, two athletes, were able to win at least one gold medal in every discipline held at world championships (all individual races and the two relays).

Magdalena Forsberg

In the women’s category, Magdalena Forsberg leads the overall World Cup victories with six successes, which she achieved from 1997 to 2002. She is followed by the German Magdalena Neuner and the Finnish Kaisa Mäkäräinen with three triumphs each, the Swede Eva Korpela with two wins and a second place, and the Russian Anfissa Reszowa and the Italian Dorothea Wierer with two wins each. These six athletes are the only ones to date who have won the Biathlon World Cup several times, another 14 athletes have each been successful once since the 1982/83 season. Although the German women in biathlon were already among the best in the world in the 1990s, the first German overall winner, Martina Glagow, only came about in the 2002/03 season. With 42 successes, Magdalena Forsberg is also clearly ahead in the individual victories, followed by Magdalena Neuner with 34 and Darja Domratschawa with 31 World Cup victories.

The two Germans Kati Wilhelm and Andrea Henkel as well as the Norwegian Tora Berger have won individual and relay gold at both the World Championships and the Olympic Games . They were also once winners of the overall World Cup - Wilhelm in the 2005/06 season, Henkel in the 2006/07 season and Berger in the 2012/13 season - and were thus equally successful in all three of the most important events in biathlon. Andrea Henkel and Marie Dorin-Habert are also the only athletes so far who have managed to become world champions in each individual discipline. Tora Berger, Marie Dorin-Habert , Laura Dahlmeier and Marte Olsbu Røiseland also managed to win a medal in each race at a world championship: Tora Berger 2013 in Nove Mesto, Marie Dorin-Habert 2016 in Oslo, Laura Dahlmeier 2017 in Hochfilzen and Marte Olsbu Røiseland 2020 in Antholz. Marte Olsbu Røiseland is the only athlete who also had the single mixed relay. Raphaël Poirée also managed to win a medal in every race at a world championship in 2004 in Oberhof, although no mixed relay race was held at that time.

Leaderboard after World Cup victories

All athletes who have achieved at least 10 World Cup victories in individual races (individual, sprint, pursuit and mass start) are listed. There have been 137 different winners for men since the first World Cup race in the 1977/78 season, and 107 winners for women since the 1987/88 season .

Overall, athletes from 24 countries (including the GDR, Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia) were able to achieve victories, representatives of three other nations were able to achieve podium positions. Including all relay and team competitions, German athletes (GDR, FRG and reunified Germany) are the most successful nation with 501 first, 454 second and 425 third places, ahead of Norway (459–321–324) and Russia (including the Soviet Union 309–347–301) .

space athlete Victories
1. NorwayNorway Ole Einar Bjørndalen 94
2. FranceFrance Martin Fourcade 79
3. NorwayNorway Johannes Thingnes Bø 47
4th FranceFrance Raphaël Poirée 44
5. NorwayNorway Emil Hegle Svendsen 37
6th GermanyGermany Sven Fischer 33
7th Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Frank Ullrich 16
8th. NorwayNorway Frode Andresen 15th
RussiaRussia Vladimir Drachev BLR 15th
10. NorwayNorway Eirik Kvalfoss 12
GermanyGermany Simon Schempp 12
12. RussiaRussia Anton Schipulin 11
Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Frank Luck DEU 011 1
GermanyGermany Michael Greis 11
15th Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Frank-Peter Roetsch DEU 10
GermanyGermany Peter Angerer 10
space Athlete Victories
1. SwedenSweden Magdalena Forsberg 42
2. GermanyGermany Magdalena Neuner 34
3. BelarusBelarus Darja Domratschawa 31
4th GermanyGermany Uschi Disl 30th
5. NorwayNorway Torah Berger 28
6th FinlandFinland Kaisa Mäkäräinen 27
7th GermanyGermany Andrea Henkel 22nd
NorwayNorway Liv Grete Poirée 22nd
9. GermanyGermany Kati Wilhelm 21st
UkraineUkraine Alena Subrylawa 21st
11. FranceFrance Sandrine Bailly 20th
GermanyGermany Laura Dahlmeier 20th
13. Czech RepublicCzech Republic Gabriela Koukalová 17th
14th SlovakiaSlovakia Anastasiya Kuzmina 16
15th GermanyGermany Martina Beck 15th
16. NorwayNorway Tiril Eckhoff 13
RussiaRussia Olga Saizewa 13
SwedenSweden Helena Ekholm 13
19th SwedenSweden Anna Carin Zidek 12
20th ItalyItaly Dorothea Wierer 11
21st RussiaRussia Olga Medvedzewa 10
Soviet UnionSoviet Union Anfissa Reszowa RUS 10
Status: end of season 2019/20
Athletes in bold are currently active.
1 Sometimes 12 wins are mentioned, but the 1989 world championship in the sprint in Feistritz was not part of the World Cup ranking.
BLRSince 2002 he started for BelarusBelarusBelarus 
RUSFrom 1991 for RussiaRussiaRussia 
DEUFrom 1990 for GermanyGermanyGermany 


The so-called exotic ones are weaker athletes from nations in which winter sports in general, or at least biathlon sports, do not play a major role. The results of these athletes show considerable time lag compared with the world leaders and usually also significantly poorer shooting results. In the sprint race in Bad Gastein in the 1992/93 season, the Hungarian Éva Szemcsák did not hit a single one of the ten targets, in another race she finished last despite faultless shooting performance due to extremely poor mileage. The Moldovan Ion Bucsa hit only one of the 20 targets in the Pokljuka singles in the 2001/02 season. His compatriot Igor Bacal was 32: 41.0 minutes behind the winner Sergei Tarassow in the 1993/94 season in the individual race in Bad Gastein , while the Argentine Natalia Lovece was 33: 23.5 minutes behind in the 2000/01 season in the Antholz singles to the winner Corinne Niogret . Since the restructuring of the number of participants in the World Cup for the 2010/11 season , the number of exotic species has fallen sharply.

Rookie of the Year

The IBU awards the Rookie of the Year (“Newcomer of the Year”) award at the end of the season. This award is given to the best athlete and the best female athlete who have completed their first World Cup season.

season Men Women
2012/13 GermanyGermany Franziska Hildebrand
2013/14 NorwayNorway Johannes Thingnes Bø GermanyGermany Franziska Preuss
2014/15 UkraineUkraine Artem Tyschtschenko FranceFrance Enora Latuillière
2015/16 RussiaRussia Anton Babikov RussiaRussia Tatiana Akimova
2016/17 SwedenSweden Sebastian Samuelsson SwedenSweden Hanna Öberg
2017/18 FranceFrance Émilien Jacquelin RussiaRussia Svetlana Mironova
2018/19 NorwayNorway Johannes Dale RussiaRussia Yevgenia Pavlova
2019/20 RussiaRussia Nikita Porschnew SwedenSweden Elvira Öberg


Biathlon stadium in Östersund

Although venues and dates vary slightly from year to year, there is a certain regularity in the selection and sequence of the locations. The World Cup season usually starts in because of the allegedly higher snow Swedish Östersund . The second World Cup, which takes place before Christmas, is usually awarded to Hochfilzen ( Austria ), the third to Le Grand-Bornand ( France ), Pokljuka ( Slovenia ) or Nové Město na Moravě ( Czech Republic ). In January, the most popular competitions take place in the Lotto Thuringia Arena on Rennsteig in Oberhof ( Germany ), the Chiemgau-Arena in Ruhpolding (Germany) and in the Italian Antholz in the Südtirol Arena , which are generally held in this order and only not take place if the world championship of the year is held at one of the three locations.

In February, the World Championships or, in the Olympic years, the competitions at the Olympic Winter Games usually take place. While world championships are mostly held in places that are otherwise also regularly home to World Cup events, the Olympic Games usually run on a newly laid track that is rarely included in the competition program in the following years. It is common for a World Cup to take place at the respective location a year before a major event.

The season's high point is often followed by World Cup races in Scandinavia, and occasionally in North America as well. In recent years, the World Cup final has almost without exception been held at Holmenkollen in Oslo ( Norway ) or in Khanty-Mansiysk ( Russia ). In 2003 the actual World Cup final took place in Östersund, before the season ended with the World Championships in Khanty-Mansiysk.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. The seasons 1982/83 to 1986/87 were officially called the European Cup . However, this designation is misleading because the world's best athletes were also eligible to start. Depending on the design, the World Cup for women has been held since the 1982/83 or 1987/88 season.
  2. Viktoria Franke: World Cup calendar for next season is being revised. In:, March 17, 2008, accessed on August 15, 2012.
  3. IBU Rules 2014  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , P. 88.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  4. ^ Biathlon history 1979 - 1994 (English). (No longer available online.), archived from the original on February 23, 2017 ; accessed on February 23, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. ^ Biathlon history 1973 - 1978 (English). (No longer available online.), archived from the original on February 24, 2017 ; accessed on February 23, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  6. Overall World Cup ranking men (2004/05 season)  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 147 kB)@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  7. a b Overall World Cup ranking women (2006/07 season) ( Memento of the original from May 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 198 kB)  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. Biathlon short news: World Cup starters, problems in Oberhof and deletion results ( memento of the original from January 14, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  9. Viktoria Franke: New mass start regulation - greater opportunities for current good. In:, January 7, 2011, accessed on February 12, 2011.
  10. At World Championships, the top 15 in the overall World Cup ranking are eligible to start, as well as the (up to) nine medal winners from sprint, pursuit and individual, provided they are not already in the top 15; the remaining starting places will be awarded according to the World Cup points achieved during the respective World Cup. However, only four athletes per nation are allowed to participate, unless a nation has more than four medal winners; in this case all medal winners of the nation are allowed to start. The mass start world champion or Olympic champion of the previous year is also always entitled to start (without the limitation of the maximum number of starters per nation). (Cf. item of the IBU rules 2012 ( memento of the original from March 21, 2013 on WebCite ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice . .) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  11. ^ Result of the pursuit in Hochfilzen (2001/02 season)
  12. Result of the pursuit in Östersund (2005/06 season)
  13. Relay result in Ruhpolding (2005/06 season)
  14. Relay results in Ruhpolding (2007/08 season)
  15. World Cup overall ranking men (2006/07 season) ( Memento of the original from January 11, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 199 kB)  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  16. World Cup winners women
  17. World Cup nations rankings
  18. ^ Result sprint in Bad Gastein (1992/93 season)
  19. Result sprint in Osrblie (season 1998/99)
  20. Result individual in Pokljuka (2001/02 season)
  21. Result singles in Bad Gastein (1993/94 season)
  22. Result individual in Antholz (2000/01 season)
  23. Hildebrand named "Rookie of the Year"
  24. Johannes Thingnes Bø Biography
  25. Немка Пройс и норвежец Йоханнес Бё признаны IBU лучшими новичками 2014 года
  26. Артем Тищенко визнаний найкращим новачком року
  27. Enora Latuillière "Rookie of the year"
  28. Rustem Khamitov congratulated biathlete Anton Babikov with his victory at Biathlon World Cup
  29. ^ First Career Win for Tatiana Akimova
  30. a b Swedish Sweep: Rookie Awards to Hanna Öberg and Sebastian Samuelsson
  31. a b Émilien Jacquelin and Svetlana Mironova are "IBU Rookies of the year"
  32. Many congratulations to Johannes Dale who had a breakout season this winter - he's the Rookie of the Year on the men's side!
  33. Many congratulations to @ russianbiathlon's Evgeniya Pavlova who is taking the award for @IBU_WC Rookie of the Year this winter!
  34. a b Elvira Öberg and Nikita Porshnev are "IBU Rookie of the year" on, accessed on March 25, 2020.