Biathlon world championships

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
GDR postage stamp for the 1967 World Championships

The Biathlon World Championships are organized by the International Biathlon Union (IBU) in the years without the Olympic Winter Games . The title fights usually take place over two weeks in February or March. The world championships are organized as part of the biathlon world cup , which is why world cup points are also awarded at the competitions.


In order to be approved by the IBU for the World Championships, the athletes need corresponding qualification points, which they receive in races in the World and IBU Cup and which are awarded independently of points for the World and IBU Cup ratings.

The filling of the starting and quota places for the world championships is made by the national associations. For German starters, the DSV requires a result in a World Cup race under the TOP 8 or two races under the TOP 15 as a basis for a nomination.

Starting odds

The number of athletes who are eligible to start per nation differs from the quota regulation in the World Cup , but, like this, is regulated by the placement in the nations ranking of the previous year. The respective defending champions in sprint, pursuit, individual and mass start races of the previous year receive a personal right to start for the respective discipline outside the quota regulation. This regulation always refers to the title fights of the previous season, regardless of whether it is a World Championship or Olympic Games.

In addition, the ten best placed athletes on the qualification points list acquire a starting quota of up to two places for their nation, provided that it is not among the top 30 in the nation ranking.

Number of starting places per national association
Placement in the Nations Cup 1-15 16-25 26-30
Number of starting places 4th 3 2

Sprint race

The pursuit world champion of the previous year also receives a personal right to start in the sprint race. However, if a nation provides sprint and pursuit world champions, then the quota of this nation only increases by one and not two additional starting places.

Mass start

While in the World Cup the 25 best athletes in the current World Cup standings have a right to start in the mass start, at World Championships only the best 15. The field is filled with the medal winners from previous races who are not yet allowed to start due to their placement in the World Cup. The remaining starting places will be awarded to the other athletes with the highest points in the title fights. A maximum of four athletes per nation are allowed to take part in the mass start. There are only exceptions for the medal winners, they are always entitled to start. In addition, the world champion or Olympic gold medal winner of the previous year receives a personal right to start in the mass start, which is not counted towards the contingent of the national association. The basis for this is that the athlete has not yet qualified by winning a medal, placing in the top 15 in the World Cup or corresponding results in the previous World Championship races.



Women's relay, 2013 World Cup

With individual, sprint, pursuit, mass start, relay, mixed relay and single mixed relay, the current world championship program consists of seven disciplines. The individual race has been part of the program since the first biathlon world championship in 1958 . Until 1965 , medals were only awarded for this discipline, as the relay race was not an official part of the Biathlon World Championships. From 1958 to 1963 it was only a team evaluation of the four (1958) or the three best (1959–1963) athletes of each nation from the individual competition over 20 km. The time was calculated by adding the individual times of the individual athletes. In 1965 a relay race over 3 × 7.5 km was held for the first time. In 1966 the relay race was officially introduced with the current route length of 4 × 7.5 km.

Men's mass start, 2013 World Cup

The sprint was first held at world championships in 1974 and thus represented the second individual discipline alongside the individual. The program has been continuously expanded since the late 1980s . In 1989 the team competition was added, but it was canceled again in 1998 . The pursuit race has been an integral part of world championships since 1997, the mass start since 1999. At the 2007 world championships , the mixed relay (also: mixed relay ) was integrated into the competition program for the first time. This competition was held in 2005 and 2006 as an independent mixed relay world championship. A separate title fight also took place in the 2010 Olympic year , as the discipline was not yet included in the program of the Winter Olympic Games . In the mixed relay, two women start over 6 km, then two men over 7.5 km. The single mixed season (also: simple mixed season ) was held for the first time in 2019 .


In years with the Olympic Winter Games , world champions were only determined in those competitions that were not part of the Olympic program. With the exception of the 1992 events, these events were counted as official world championships by the IBU. In contrast to the Nordic or Alpine ski competitions, the Olympic champions are not considered world champions until 1980. This was most recently the case at the 2010 Biathlon Mixed Relay World Championship , which was held as part of the World Cup in Khanty-Mansiysk , Russia .

In contrast to many other winter sports, the results of the world championships also count towards the biathlon world cup , so that the athletes receive world cup points for their placements.

Previous world championships

Official world championships

The biathlon world championships have been held every year since 1958 that there are no Winter Olympics. From 1958 to 1983 the world championships were only for men. From 1984 to 1988 separate world championships were held for women, which were held separately from those for men in other locations. Since 1989 men and women have held joint world championships. With the 2019 World Championships in Östersund , 51 world championships have been held so far. The women's world championships are not included in this count.

year Venue (s)
1958 AustriaAustria Saalfelden
1959 ItalyItaly Courmayeur
1961 SwedenSweden Umeå
1962 FinlandFinland Hämeenlinna
1963 AustriaAustria Seefeld in Tyrol
1965 NorwayNorway Elverum
1966 Germany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany Garmisch-Partenkirchen
1967 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Altenberg
1969 PolandPoland Zakopane
1970 SwedenSweden Ostersund
1971 FinlandFinland Hämeenlinna
1973 United StatesUnited States Lake Placid
1974 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Minsk
1975 ItalyItaly Antholz
1976 ItalyItaly Antholz
1977 NorwayNorway Lillehammer (Vingrom)
1978 AustriaAustria Hochfilzen
1979 Germany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany Ruhpolding
1981 FinlandFinland Lahti
1982 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Minsk
year Venue (s)
1983 ItalyItaly Antholz
1984 FranceFrance Chamonix (women)
1985 SwitzerlandSwitzerland Egg am Etzel (women)
Germany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany Ruhpolding (men)
1986 SwedenSweden Falun (women)
NorwayNorway Oslo (men)
1987 FinlandFinland Lahti (women)
United StatesUnited States Lake Placid (men)
1988 FranceFrance Chamonix (women)
1989 AustriaAustria Feistritz on the Drau
1990 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Minsk / Oslo / KontiolahtiNorwayNorway FinlandFinland 
1991 FinlandFinland Lahti
1992 Russia 1991Russia Novosibirsk
1993 BulgariaBulgaria Borovets
1994 CanadaCanada Canmore
1995 ItalyItaly Antholz
1996 GermanyGermany Ruhpolding
1997 SlovakiaSlovakia Osrblie
1998 SloveniaSlovenia Pokljuka / HochfilzenAustriaAustria 
1999 FinlandFinland Kontiolahti / OsloNorwayNorway 
year Venue (s)
2000 NorwayNorway Oslo / LahtiFinlandFinland 
2001 SloveniaSlovenia Pokljuka
2002 NorwayNorway Oslo
2003 RussiaRussia Khanty-Mansiysk
2004 GermanyGermany Oberhof
2005 AustriaAustria Hochfilzen
2007 ItalyItaly Antholz
2008 SwedenSweden Ostersund
2009 Korea SouthSouth Korea Pyeongchang
2011 RussiaRussia Khanty-Mansiysk
2012 GermanyGermany Ruhpolding
2013 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Nové Město na Moravě
2015 FinlandFinland Kontiolahti
2016 NorwayNorway Oslo
2017 AustriaAustria Hochfilzen
2019 SwedenSweden Ostersund
2020 ItalyItaly Antholz
2021 SloveniaSlovenia Pokljuka
2023 GermanyGermany Oberhof

Mixed Relay World Championships

See: Biathlon Mixed Relay World Championships


In total, biathlon world championships have taken place in 18 different countries. Switzerland and France only hosted the women's world championships.

The most frequent venue for world championships is the Italian city of Antholz, which hosted four regular world championships as well as the non-Olympic sprint competition in 1976. The Norwegian city of Oslo was also the venue for five different world championships, although in 1990, 1999 and 2000 it only hosted a part of the competitions and in 2002 only the non-Olympic mass start competition.

place country number Years
Altenberg Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR GDR 1 1967
Antholz ItalyItaly Italy 6th 1975, 1976 OL , 1983, 1995, 2007, 2020
Borovets BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria 1 1993
Canmore CanadaCanada Canada 1 1994 OL
Khanty-Mansiysk RussiaRussia Russia 4th 2003, 2005 MR , 2010 MR / OL , 2011
Chamonix FranceFrance France 2 1984 FR , 1988 FR
Courmayeur ItalyItaly Italy 1 1959
Egg am Etzel SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland 1 1985 FR
Elverum NorwayNorway Norway 1 1965
Falun SwedenSweden Sweden 1 1986 FR
Feistritz on the Drau AustriaAustria Austria 1 1989
Garmisch-Partenkirchen Germany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany BR Germany 1 1966
Hämeenlinna FinlandFinland Finland 2 1962, 1971
Hochfilzen AustriaAustria Austria 4th 1978, 1998 OL , 2005, 2017
Lahti FinlandFinland Finland 4th 1981, 1987 FR , 1991, 2000 ER
Lake Placid United StatesUnited States United States 2 1973, 1987
Lillehammer ( Vingrom ) NorwayNorway Norway 1 1977
Kontiolahti FinlandFinland Finland 3 1990 ER , 1999, 2015
Minsk Soviet UnionSoviet Union Soviet Union 3 1974, 1982, 1990
Nové Město na Moravě Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic 1 2013
Novosibirsk Russia 1991Russia Russia 1 1992 OL
Oberhof GermanyGermany Germany 1 2004
Oslo NorwayNorway Norway 6th 1986, 1990 ER , 1999 ER , 2000, 2002 OL , 2016
Osrblie SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia 1 1997
Ostersund SwedenSweden Sweden 3 1970, 2008, 2019
Pokljuka SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia 3 1998 OL , 2001, 2006 MR / OL
Pyeongchang Korea SouthSouth Korea South Korea 1 2009
Ruhpolding GermanyGermany Germany 4th 1979, 1985, 1996, 2012
Saalfelden AustriaAustria Austria 1 1958
Seefeld in Tyrol AustriaAustria Austria 1 1963
Umeå SwedenSweden Sweden 1 1961
Zakopane PolandPoland Poland 1 1969

Notes: ER   substitute organizer for competitions that could not be held at the original venue
FR   Women's World Championships
MR   Mixed Relay World Championships
OL   Olympic year, only non-Olympic competitions were held

The most successful athletes

Ole Einar Bjørndalen

The most successful participant in world championships is Ole Einar Bjørndalen with 20 gold medals, 14 silver medals and 11 bronze medals. He is followed by Emil Hegle Svendsen (12-6-3), Martin Fourcade (11-10-4), Frank Luck (11-5-4) and Alexander Tichonow (11-4-1). As in the Olympic Games, Ole Einar Bjørndalen is the most successful participant in individual disciplines at the World Championships, winning a total of eleven gold, six silver and nine bronze medals. In addition, the Norwegian is the most successful athlete based on the total number of medals won. With a total of 45 medals, he is ahead of the French Martin Fourcade with 25 medals, his compatriot Svendsen with 21 medals and the three Germans Ricco Groß , Frank Luck and Sven Fischer , who each achieved 20 medals. Bjørndalen, Fourcade and Svendsen are the only athletes to have won a gold medal in each individual discipline (individual, sprint, pursuit, mass start).

Magdalena Neuner

The most successful participant in world championships is the German Magdalena Neuner with twelve gold medals, four silver medals and one bronze medal, followed by the Russian Jelena Golowina (10-1-1). She is followed by the German athletes Petra Behle (9-2-2), Uschi Disl (8-8-3) and Andrea Henkel (8-6-2) as well as the two Norwegians Tora Berger (8-5-5) and Liv Grete Poirée (8-3-2). With six gold medals and two silver medals, Neuner is also the most successful biathlete in the evaluation of the individual disciplines. The most successful athlete in terms of the total number of medals won is Uschi Disl with a total of 19 medals, as was the case at the Olympic Games. She is followed by the Norwegian Tora Berger (18 medals), Alena Subrylawa (17 medals), who started for Ukraine and Belarus, and the Germans Magdalena Neuner (17 medals) and Andrea Henkel (16 medals). Henkel and Marie Dorin-Habert from France were the only athletes to win a gold medal in each individual discipline (individual, sprint, pursuit, mass start).

Eternal medal table

After 50 world championships: as of 2020

rank country Gold medals Silver medals Bronze medals total
1 GermanyGermany Germany
(thereof GDR ) (thereof BR Germany )Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
Germany BRBR Germany 
2 NorwayNorway Norway 76 69 62 208
3 RussiaRussia Russia
(of which Soviet Union ) (of which United Team )Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
United teamUnited team 
4th FranceFrance France 35 35 36 106
5 SwedenSweden Sweden 13 12 23 48
6th FinlandFinland Finland 10 10 16 36
7th ItalyItaly Italy 10 8th 13 33
8th UkraineUkraine Ukraine 7th 10 21st 38
9 BelarusBelarus Belarus 6th 9 13 28
10 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
(of which Czechoslovakia )CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia 
11 AustriaAustria Austria 2 5 11 18th
12 SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia 2 2 1 5
13 PolandPoland Poland 1 6th 7th 14th
14th United StatesUnited States United States 1 4th 1 6th
15th CanadaCanada Canada 1 2 1 4th
15th SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia 1 2 1 4th
17th BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria 0 4th 4th 8th
18th China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China China 0 3 0 3
19th RomaniaRomania Romania 0 1 0 1
20th LatviaLatvia Latvia 0 0 2 2
21st EstoniaEstonia Estonia 0 0 1 1
CroatiaCroatia Croatia 0 0 1 1

See also

Web links

Commons : Biathlon World Championships  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Sebastian Würz, World Cup final spurt: The Biathlon Formcheck in: Eurosport online, last accessed on February 6, 2012.
  2. a b c IBU event and competition rules