Altenberg (Ore Mountains)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Altenberg
Altenberg (Ore Mountains)
Map of Germany, position of the city of Altenberg highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 46 '  N , 13 ° 45'  E

Basic data
State : Saxony
County : Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains
Management Community : Altenberg
Height : 750 m above sea level NHN
Area : 145.89 km 2
Residents: 7934 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 54 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 01773,
01778 (Fürstenau, Fürstenwalde, Geising, Lauenstein, Liebenau, Müglitz)Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / zip code contains text
Primaries : 035056, 035052 (Schellerhau, Waldidylle, Falkenhain, Kipsdorf) , 035054 (Bärenstein, Fürstenau, Lauenstein, Müglitz, Rudolphsdorf) , 035057 (Rehefeld-Zaunhaus)Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : PIR, DW, FTL, SEB
Community key : 14 6 28 010
City structure: 20 districts

City administration address :
Platz des Bergmanns 2
01773 Altenberg
Website :
Mayor : Thomas Kirsten (Free Voters)
Location of the city Altenberg in the district of Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains
Altenberg (Erzgebirge) Bad Gottleuba-Berggießhübel Bad Schandau Bahretal Bannewitz Dippoldiswalde Dohma Dohna Dorfhain Dürrröhrsdorf-Dittersbach Freital Glashütte Gohrisch Hartmannsdorf-Reichenau Heidenau Hermsdorf Klingenberg Hohnstein Sebnitz Königstein (Sächsische Schweiz) Kreischa Liebstadt Lohmen Müglitztal Neustadt in Sachsen Pirna Klingenberg Rabenau Rathen Rathmannsdorf Reinhardtsdorf-Schöna Rosenthal-Bielatal Dippoldiswalde Sebnitz Sebnitz Stadt Wehlen Struppen Stolpen Tharandt Wilsdruff Sachsen Tschechien Landkreis Bautzen Dresden Landkreis Meißen Landkreis Mittelsachsenmap
About this picture
View of Altenberg with Geisingberg in the background
View over the Pinge to the remains of the daytime facilities around the Arno-Lippmann-Schacht (2009)

Altenberg is a town in the Saxon district of Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains . It is one of the state-approved health resorts in the Eastern Ore Mountains . The city is the seat of the Altenberg administrative community . Historically, tin ore mining was important for centuries.


Location description

The city of Altenberg is located in the Eastern Ore Mountains , its highest point is the Kahleberg ( 905  m above sea level ). The Rote Weißeritz , one of the two source rivers of the Weißeritz , has its source in the municipality . While the districts of Kipsdorf and Bärenstein in the Weißeritztal and Müglitztal are at around 400 to 500 m above sea level, the Falkenhain district is at around 650 to 700 m above sea level; the district of Zinnwald-Georgenfeld is over 800 m above sea level. To the north of Altenberg is the Weigelswalde desert .

The border with the Czech Republic is five kilometers away.

City structure

The municipal parts belong to the city of Altenberg (sorted according to the date of incorporation):

Bärenstein, Geising and Lauenstein are districts, the other places are referred to as districts.

District Incorporation population
Altenberg (core town) - 1904
Bear Rock 1999 0279
Bear stone 2004 0900
Falcon Grove 1999 0232
Fürstenau 2011 0183
Fürstenwalde 2011 0301
Geising 2011 1206
Faithful to God 2011 0020th
Deer jump 1965 0124
Kipsdorf 1996 0273
Lauenstein 2011 0517
Liebenau 2011 0424
Lion grove 2011 0178
Müglitz 2011 0029
Neu-Rehefeld 1994 0014th
Upper Bear Castle 1996 0214
Rehefeld fence house 1994 0145
Schellerhau 1996 0383
Forest Bear Castle 1996 0021st
Forest idyll 1999 0139
Zinnwald-Georgenfeld 1994 0423

As of December 31, 2018



After miners at the southern foot of the Ore Mountains in the vicinity of Krupka (Graupen) had probably already started to mine tin soaps in the 12th century , in later decades they pushed further and further towards the Ore Mountains in search of the actual deposit. They first discovered the deposits around Zinnwald (mentioned in a document in 1378) before they found it in Altenberg around 1440. The deposit , the so-called hermaphrodite , has proven to be the most important tin deposit in Central Europe over the centuries . In the immediate vicinity of the countless small collieries in which mining began, Altenberg emerged as a scattered settlement for miners.

Development of the city

Originally the parcels belonged to the Lords of Bernstein, owners of the Bärenstein estate. On December 16, 1446, the knight Hans von Bernstein sold the fourth part of his rule to the elector, so that the elector became the landlord of the area that is now Altenberg. Due to the productivity of the ore deposits, the place quickly developed into the most important mountain town in the Eastern Ore Mountains . The economic upturn led to the granting of town and market rights as early as 1451. In this context, the place was mentioned as "frymarkt". As a city Altenberg was mentioned in 1489 as "uf dem Aldenberge" and in 1534 as "zum Aldenbergk". The name is explained as (in comparison with the mountain and the place Geising ) old mountain . The Altenberger Pinge , a collapse funnel built in 1620, the pewter wash (technical display system), one of the former 13 washes with stamping mills and shaking ovens in the Altenberg-Geising-Zinnwald area, and the Neubeschert-Glück- Stolln, in which the old mining methods are recreated.

View from 1839

Since 18./19. In the 19th century, various homework ( wooden toys and immortelle production) supplemented the opportunities to earn a living in mining. In the first half of the 20th century, Altenberg developed into a winter sports center in the Eastern Ore Mountains due to its snow-sure location and good accessibility ( connection to the railway network in 1923 ).

From February 9 to 14, 1937, the German Ski Championships took place in Altenberg .

Altenberg was spared direct combat operations during the Second World War until just before the end of the war. In the course of the Prague operation , Soviet troops advanced on May 6, 1945 over the ridge of the Eastern Ore Mountains towards Prague . This resulted in retreat skirmishes with the troops of the German Army Group Center in Altenberg and the surrounding area . The Altenberg train station was attacked from the air on May 4th, 5th and 7th 1945 to interrupt the routes of retreat. The town church of St. Nicholas from the early 16th century was also destroyed, the ruins were removed in 1953. On May 8, 1945, the German troops fleeing through the city to Bohemia were attacked several times by Soviet low-flying aircraft. Members of the Wehrmacht looted the partly abandoned houses on May 9 and bought civilian clothing. At the same time, there was a battle between the Soviet troops and a werewolf group founded in Altenberg in April 1945 . On the evening of May 9th, a fire broke out in the city, which spread to a large part of the development by the next day and destroyed 120 houses. The causes of the fire have not yet been fully clarified. In total, around three quarters of the historic city center was destroyed in the last days of the war. Among the destroyed town houses were numerous characteristic buildings from the 17th and 18th centuries. The 17th century tradesmen's house on the broad market was considered the most prestigious building. It had a half-timbered upper floor and a steep hipped roof above the ground floor made of quarry stone.

Tin ore mining underground (1980)
View of the daily facilities of the VEB Zinnerz (1982)

In the 1950s, the expansion of the spa system began. After the mining was stopped in 1991 for economic reasons, the place concentrated more on tourism and the recreation and health resort. In 2004 the city was given the title Kneipp health resort . Altenberg has developed into an important winter sports center in the Eastern Ore Mountains.


Hirschsprung was incorporated into the municipality in 1965. Two municipalities followed in 1994, three municipalities in 1996, two municipalities in 1999, Bärenstein in 2004 and Geising in 2011.

Former parish date annotation
Bear Castle January 1, 1996
Bear Rock January 1, 1999
Bärenstein (village) 1926 Incorporation to Bärenstein (city)
Bärenstein (city) January 1, 2004
Falcon Grove January 1, 1999
Fürstenau January 1, 1994 Incorporation to Geising
Fürstenwalde January 1, 1994 Incorporation to Geising
Geising January 1, 2011
Georgenfeld July 1, 1950 Merger with Zinnwald to Zinnwald-Georgenfeld
Deer jump January 1, 1965
Kipsdorf April 1, 1996
Lauenstein March 1, 1994 Incorporation to Bärenstein
Liebenau January 1, 1994 Incorporation to Geising
Lion grove 1st January 1974 Incorporation to Geising
Rehefeld March 1, 1879 Merger with Zaunhaus to form Rehefeld-Zaunhaus
Rehefeld fence house January 1, 1994
Schellerhau January 1, 1996
Fence house March 1, 1879 Merger with Rehefeld to form Rehefeld-Zaunhaus
Tin forest July 1, 1950 Merger with Georgenfeld to form Zinnwald-Georgenfeld
Zinnwald-Georgenfeld January 1, 1994

Incorporation of Geising

The Geisinger city council voted 21 December 2010 mainly to the incorporation to Altenberg on January 1, 2011th The incorporation was approved on December 29, 2010 by the municipal supervisory authority of the Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains district. It was significantly influenced by Geising's precarious financial situation. The city was unable to present a balanced budget in 2010, the debts amounted to € 4.8 million at the end of 2010, including € 2.28 million deficits .

As a result of the incorporation, Altenberg grew to an area of ​​over 146 km², making it by far the largest municipality in the district. The population rose from around 5,700 to just under 8,900. At the same time, a new regional tourist stronghold emerged: in 2009, both communities together counted just under 423,000 overnight stays, which corresponds to around 17% of the overnight stays registered in the district. Tourism and health resorts secure around 1,800 jobs in both communities.

Development of the population

  • 1550: 0228 possessed men and 196 residents (corresponds to 1,341 inhabitants) (1)
  • 1697: 1104 (2)
  • 1764: 1220, 72 Häusler
  • 1792: 1365
  • 1801: 1374
  • 1815: 1378
  • 1834: 1913 (3)
  • 1871: 2352
  • 1890: 1888
  • 1910: 1836
  • 1925: 1740
  • 1939: 2032
  • 1946: 1796
  • 1960: 2314
  • 1964: 2389
  • 1970: 2490
  • 1990: 6586  (4)
  • 1998: 6183
  • 2000: 5848
  • 2001: 5592
  • 2002: 5401
  • 2003: 6312
  • 2004: 6162
  • 2005: 6007
  • 2006: 5890
  • 2007: 5829
  • 2008: 5825
  • 2009: 5694  (5)
  • 2010: 8723  (6)
  • 2011: 8429  (7)
  • 2012: 8317
  • 2013: 8272
  • 2014: 8143
  • 2015: 8211

Compilation based on BLASCHKE 2003, German Academy of Sciences in Berlin 1964, ZÜHLKE 1966 and information from the State Statistical Office of Saxony, from 1998: status as of December 31. of the respective year

(1): calculated according to tax lists, cf. BLASCHKE 2003
(2): adult residents, including 244 citizens, 184 houses and 138 desolate residential areas
(3): 243 houses
(4): population on October 3, 1990
(5): residents with main residence: 5575, including 2079 in Altenberg itself
(6): After incorporation of Geising
(7): After data renewal by the 2011 census


City council election 2019
Turnout: 73.0% (2014: 64.4%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-1.0  % p
-11.4  % p
+ 16.2  % p
+ 5.7  % p
-1.1  % p
+ 2.4  % p

City council

Since the municipal council election on May 26, 2019 , the 22 seats of the city council have been distributed among the individual groups as follows:

Altenberg Town Hall
Party / list Share of votes +/-% p Seats +/-
Free voters Altenberg (FWA) 29.9% - 1.0 6th + 1
CDU 19.2% - 11.4 6th + 1
The left 10.5% - 1.1 2 ± 0
AfD 16.2% + 16.2 2 ± 0
Voters' Association Geising (WVG) 14.4% + 5.7 1 ± 0
Bärenstein Electoral Association (BWV) 9.9% + 2.4> 5 + 1

+/−: Change compared to local elections on May 25, 2014

coat of arms

Description: The coat of arms is split into red and blue and divided into gold. On the right a golden bishop with a staff and on the left a double-tailed lion divided in white and red . Below is a working kneeling miner in black.

Town twinning

Culture and sights

Look over the pinge
View from Kahleberg to Altenberg - in the background the Geisingberg

Mining, structures, parts of the landscape

The Altenberg tin ore mining is a selected site for the proposed candidacy for the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Ore Mountains Mining Region .


Ev. Altenberg Church, new building 1989–1991

The Evangelical Church of Altenberg (address: Dippoldiswalder Straße 6a) is a successor to the former town church of St. Nicholas. This was essentially late Gothic and exposed to frequent fires (most recently in 1876). Structural changes followed. In 1878 the choir was redesigned as a polygon, a gable roof was built and the tower with a pointed helmet was rebuilt. The interior was neo-Gothic. After the end of the Second World War, on May 9, 1945, the church was bombed several times by the Soviet air force, and the church, the parish hall, the diaconate, the rectory and the city suffered severe damage. The ruins were removed in 1953. The current church was built between May 1989 and December 1991.

Museums and exhibitions

  • Altenberg Mining Museum
The technical museum, which opened in 1957, is located in a pewter pound wash that was originally built in the 16th century and has been technically functional again after renovation. In connection with the 180 m long Neubeschert-Glück tunnel ( excavated 1802–1849, exhibition tunnel since 1971), it shows the path of tin from mining to processing.
  • Visitor mine Unites Zwitterfeld to Zinnwald in Zinnwald-Georgenfeld
The visitor mine, opened in 1992, opens up the deep-Bünau tunnel, which was excavated by the von Bünau noble family in 1686 . Above all, the widening of the rich roaster created by setting fire is impressive. The nearly three-kilometer tour leads underground to the German-Czech border.


  • Recreation area Galgenteiche with camping site and giant slide
  • Bathing landscape in the rehabilitation clinic Raupennest
  • Recreational area in the vicinity of the Oberbärenberg chapel

Culinary specialties

Culinary specialties in the area are herbal liqueurs with regionally appropriate names such as "Knappenfeuer", "Kufenwärmer", "Pyramidenöl" and others, which have been produced in various brands in the Altenberg herb liqueur factory since 1842.

Memorials and monuments

  • OdF monument on the road to Schellerhau , not far from aisle 31, in memory of the communists Max Niklas , Walter Richter and Arthur Thiermann who were shot on July 4, 1935 after smuggling across the Czechoslovak border .
  • OdF memorial stone from 1945 in the cemetery on Mühlenstrasse for eleven unknown concentration camp prisoners who were murdered by SS men in April 1945.
  • War memorial in the cemetery at the mill line for the roll-call the fallen of the First World War .
  • Memorial stone with cross in the cemetery on Mühlenstrasse for the victims of the Second World War .
  • Gravesites in the cemetery on Mühlenstrasse for Soviet soldiers.
  • Memorial stone with medallion in the cemetery on Mühlenstrasse, grave of the local poet and singer Max Nacke .
  • Monument, gneiss monolith with a coat of arms-like bronze plaque, created in 1932 by the Dresden sculptor Johannes Ernst Born , near the old caterpillar nest for the honorary citizen Max Gross .
  • Goethe monument at the Aschergraben , monolith with memorial plaque and relief as well as a stone with an inscription in front of it.
  • Monument bronze figure on natural stone plinth The skier at the station forecourt, created in 1931 by the Dresden sculptor Rudolf Löhner .
  • Memorial on Neustadt / Hirschsprunger Strasse, memorial stone with likeness and inscription for the local poet and singer Max Nacke.
  • Retaining wall with miner's well on the old church terrace (Rathausstrasse).
  • Electoral Saxon post mile column from 1722 with colored coat of arms reliefs on Dresdner Strasse.
  • Monument to Anton Günther on Zinnwalder Straße with a fountain, natural stone with medallion with a portrait , on Zinnwalder Straße.
  • Bronze figure on a natural stone base Bergmann with compressed air tool at the Arno-Lippmann-Schacht, Zinnwalder Straße 5.
  • Bronze figure Caroline, entrance to the health center Raupennest Rehefelder Strasse.

Winter sports

Cross-country skiing competition 1952
Ski and toboggan slope in Altenberg
Altenberg bobsleigh run

Altenberg is considered an international winter sports center. Up until the 1950s there was also a ski jump and an ice rink on Geisingberg , but a racing sled and bobsled run has existed since 1986.

Economy and Infrastructure


Stagecoach stop at the railway and bus stations in summer

Altenberg is located on federal highway 170 , which connects Dresden via Zinnwald with northern Bohemia and Prague . This road has become an important link between Saxony and the Czech Republic since it was built in the 1840s. As Europastraße 55 , it was part of the pan-European traffic corridor IV, which ran from Scandinavia to Southeastern Europe. As a result of the changed economic development after German reunification and the eastward expansion of the EU , the volume of traffic had increased significantly, especially in heavy goods vehicle traffic. This was also due to the fact that the Zinnwald-Georgenfeld border crossing between the Vogtland ( Bad Brambach ) and Upper Lusatia ( Neugersdorf ) is the only crossing between Saxony and Bohemia that can be used without restrictions for truck traffic. After the construction of the new handling facilities (2001), it is characterized by very short truck handling times (15 minutes), which attracted additional traffic. As a result, Altenberg was passed by around 3,900 trucks per day in the summer of 2005. This through traffic (about every 22 seconds a truck) was a major burden (noise, source of danger, etc.) not only for Altenberg itself, but also for the district of Kipsdorf. From March 21st December 2006, the chronically overloaded B 170 was therefore for the Uphill heavy goods traffic is blocked and was only released again when the federal motorway 17 Dresden – Prague was put into operation .

Since 1923 Altenberg has been the end point of the 38 km long Müglitztalbahn , which connects the mountain town through the Müglitztal with Heidenau and the upper Elbe valley. The railway line made a significant contribution to the development of Altenberg into a winter sports center in the Eastern Ore Mountains. Initially laid out as a narrow-gauge railway, it has been operated as a standard-gauge railway since 1938. Since 2002, DB Regio Südost has been using Siemens Desiro Classic (DB class 642) railcars for passenger trains instead of locomotive-hauled trains on regional line 72 . Since December 12, 2010, the city ​​railway of Saxony , which also uses Siemens Desiro Classic , has been running on the Müglitztalbahn . If winter sports conditions are favorable, there are also special winter sports trains that tourists can use to get to Altenberg directly from Dresden Hbf . Immediately at the “Kurort Altenberg” train station there is a covered public transport interface to the intercity bus service. Seven lines connect Altenberg to the surrounding area, including the Czech border town of Teplice :

  • Line 360: Dresden - Dippoldiswalde - Altenberg - Zinnwald
  • Line 367: Geising - Altenberg - Kipsdorf
  • Line 368: Glashütte - Lauenstein - Geising - Altenberg
  • Line 370: Altenberg - Oberbärenburg - Falkenhain - Dippoldiswalde
  • Line 373: Altenberg - Rehefeld - Hermsdorf
  • Line 398: Altenberg - Teplice
  • Line 733: Altenberg - Rehefeld - Hermsdorf - Holzhau

Established businesses

  • Raupennest Rehabilitation Clinic (Johannesbad Raupennest AG & Co KG) (210 employees)
  • Herbrig & Co. GmbH, CNC turning shop (120 employees)


In Altenberg there is a primary school and the Altenberg branch of the "Glückauf" high school in Dippoldiswalde / Altenberg with a sports focus ( elite school of sports ). There is a high school in the neighboring town of Geising.


Honorary citizen

  • Hans Alexander von Bosse (* 1835, † 1898), lawyer and politician, from 1874 to 1877 governor in Dippoldiswalde , in this function significantly involved in the reconstruction of Altenberg after the city fire of 1876, donor to support needy Altenbergers, namesake of Bosseplatz (since 1939 ), Honorary citizen since 1877
  • Adolf Fürchtegott Büttner, factory owner and city councilor, donor to support needy Altenbergers, honorary citizen since 1881, namesake of Büttnerstrasse
  • Max Gross (* 1880, † 1931), Chief Postal Director in Dresden, co-founder and later chairman of the Altenberger Landsmannschaft (association of former Altenberg students), honorary citizen since 1929
  • Hans-Georg Günzel († 2001), pastor in Schellerhau , honorary citizen since 2001
  • Paul Haucke (* 1859, † 1935), pastor in Altenberg, co-founder and director of the Post and Railway School, honorary citizen since 1907, namesake of Paul-Haucke-Straße
  • Anton Unger (* 1831, † 1909), lawyer and manufacturer from Riesa , spent his summer months in Altenberg and in 1905 founded a foundation for needy residents, honorary citizens since 1905, namesake of Anton-Unger-Straße

sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked on site


  • Around Altenberg, Geising and Lauenstein (= values ​​of the German homeland . Volume 7). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1964.
  • Eastern Ore Mountains (= values ​​of the German homeland . Volume 10). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1966, pp. 244-257.
  • Artur and Edith Kamprath: Altenberg. Discover this beautiful city. Altenberg 2016
  • Egbert Kamprath: Altenberg. Pictures of a city. Dresden 1999.
  • Christoph Meißner : Cumbersome news from the Churfl. Saxon. Schrifftsäßigen Zien-Berg-Stadt Altenberg, located in Meissen on the Bohemian border, along with the associated diplomatic bus, and an appendix […]. Lesch and Hübner, Dresden and Leipzig, 1747. ( digital version (pdf, 37.2 MB) )
  • Richard Steche : Altenberg. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 2. Issue: Amtshauptmannschaft Dippoldiswalde . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1883, p. 3.

Web links

Commons : Altenberg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019  ( help on this ).
  2. Announcement of the Saxon State Ministry for Economics, Labor and Transport on the change of the list of health and recreation places in the Free State of Saxony according to § 3 Abs. 5 SächsKurG from January 20, 2014
  3. Wolfgang Fleischer: The end of the war in Saxony 1945 . Podzun Pallas, Wölfersheim-Berstadt 2004, p. 146
  4. Information on the Altenberg Church from ( accessed January 3, 2014)
  5. Wolfgang Fleischer: The end of the war in Saxony 1945 . Podzun Pallas, Wölfersheim-Berstadt 2004, p. 151
  6. ^ Heinrich Magirius: Altenberg . In: Götz Eckardt (ed.) Fate of German monuments in the Second World War . Volume 2, Henschel-Verlag, Berlin 1978, p. 369
  7. a b c d e f g h i j k l m State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Area changes
  8. ^ Bärenstein in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  9. a b c d municipalities 1994 and their changes since January 1, 1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
  10. a b Lists of the municipalities incorporated since May 1945 and evidence of the breakdown of the independent manor districts and state forest districts, 1952, publisher: Ministry of the Interior of the State of Saxony
  11. ^ A b Directory of communities and places for the Kingdom of Saxony, 1904, publisher: Statistical Bureau of the Royal Ministry of the Interior
  12. Maik Brückner: Geising agrees to the incorporation , Sächsische Zeitung of December 23, 2010
  13. a b Mandy Schaks: The cities of Altenberg and Geising are going together from January , Sächsische Zeitung (Dippoldiswalde) of December 30, 2010
  14. Maik Brückner: Is Geising doing too much? , Sächsische Zeitung (Dippoldiswalde) of October 23, 2010
  15. State Statistical Office Saxony - Municipal Statistics Saxony
  16. cf. Facts and figures ( Memento from February 20, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  17. Results of the local council election 2019 Altenberg
  18. Wolfgang Fleischer: The end of the war in Saxony 1945. Podzun Pallas, Wölfersheim-Berstadt 2004, p. 146 ff.
  19. ^ Cultural monuments in the Free State of Saxony, District: Weißeritzkreis; Location: Altenberg from December 17, 1999.
  20. ^ Infrastructure program of the transport association - Altenberg crossing point. Verkehrsverbund Oberelbe , archived from the original on December 3, 2013 ; accessed on February 12, 2020 .