|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Ústecký kraj|
|Area :||2,430.0783 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||3,166 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||417 23|
|License plate :||U|
|Mayor :||Tomáš Sváda (as of 2013)|
417 23 Košťany u Teplic
|Location of Košťany in the Teplice district|
The city of Košťany consists of the districts and cadastral districts Košťany ( costs ) and Střelná ( beam ). Basic settlement units are Košťany, Na Hampuši and Střelná. In addition, the Kamenný Pahorek ( stone mound ) and the Vápenice ( lime kiln ) deserted area belong to Košťany .
|Mikulov (Niklasberg)||Altenberg||Dubí (oak forest)|
|Hrob (monastery tomb)||Újezdeček (Kleinaugezd)|
The village was probably founded between 1326 and 1346 during the colonization of the border area by the Lords of Riesenburg . The first documentary mention of Costen took place in 1394 in the Dux city book. As part of the Riesenburg rule , Costen was founded in 1398 by the Borso d. Ä. and Borso d. J. von Riesenburg sold to Margrave Wilhelm I von Meißen . With the Treaty of Eger in 1459, the rule became part of the Kingdom of Bohemia again. The giant castle was abandoned in 1488 and the Duchcov Fortress became the new seat of power . In 1495 the Bilin branch of the lords of Lobkowicz acquired the village and added it to the rule of Bilin . Until the mid-19th century remained cost of Fideikommissherrschaft servants Bilin.
In the late 18th century, lignite deposits were discovered near the village on Alte Freiberg-Teplitzer Poststraße , which were initially extracted in small coal shafts. In the second half of the 19th century, coal became more and more important. Mining companies and speculators secured the mining rights, and open-cast mining changed the landscape. The place grew into a mining settlement, from which an industrial site developed.
After the abolition of patrimonial costs / Kosteny formed from 1850 with the districts Strahl , Grundmühlen ( Mlýny ), Tischau ( Mstišov ) and Cukmantl ( Pozorka ) a municipality in the Leitmeritz district and judicial district Teplitz. Strahl was reassigned to Janegg in 1856 . From 1868, Kosten belonged to the Teplitz district. The town elevation applied for in 1910 did not materialize due to the outbreak of the First World War and the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. The districts of Tischau (1873), Zuckmantel (1877) and Grundmühlen (1928) gradually freed themselves from costs and formed their own communities. Since 1949 Střelná belongs again as a district to Košťany.
Košťany has had city rights since 1994.
Development of the population
The neo-Gothic Střelná hunting lodge was built around 1780 for the Lobkowicz counts.
- Altenberg (2001), Saxony
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- Historický lexikon obcí České republiky - 1869–2015. (PDF) Český statistický úřad, December 18, 2015, accessed on January 25, 2016 (Czech).