Amand von Schweiger-Lerchenfeld
Amand Freiherr von Schweiger-Lerchenfeld (born May 17, 1846 in Vienna ; † August 24, 1910 ibid) was an Austrian officer , journalist and travel writer who was best known for his regional books on Islamic countries, south-eastern Europe and the eastern Mediterranean is.
life and work
The son of a landowner attended the cadet institute in Marburg an der Drau (modern Maribor) and from 1861 the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt . In 1865, Schweiger-Lerchenfeld joined the army, took part in the 1866 campaign in Italy and there in the battle of Custozza .
In April 1870 his first play Blaues Blut was performed in Ljubljana , and in November 1870 his first - as far as known - publication appeared in a magazine. In the following year, Schweiger-Lerchenfeld left the military in order to devote himself entirely to writing and extensive travel. His travels took him first to South Tyrol (1871) and Italy, then in 1873 to European Turkey, to Constantinople and Asia Minor, and finally to Greece in 1875. In 1875 he went to southern Dalmatia as a correspondent and reported on it in various magazines. In May of the same year he founded "a new illustrated fiction magazine" with the title Auf der Station , which he also published. It was, we learn in a subscription advertisement, aimed "with the tendency, through selected entertainment reading, picante causerie and columnist reports from all over the world, to satisfy that part of the public who especially participates in international traffic," but they probably didn't get beyond two published numbers (May and June). It is unclear whether the third booklet, which was supposed to contain the "General Driving Regulations of the Austrian Railways", was still published.
In 1876, Schweiger-Lerchenfeld said goodbye to the field of fiction and set his sights on his career as a travel writer and foreign correspondent with renewed determination. The "Oriental Question", which had been smoldering since 1875 and flared up openly in 1876, drew the attention of the German-speaking reading public to the Balkans , and prompted Schweiger-Lerchenfeld to review the material from his earlier trips in book form. His book Unter dem Halbmonde was published as early as the beginning of 1876 . A picture of the Ottoman Empire and its peoples. Described based on personal intuition and experience , which made his name well known; he was also on February 22, 1876 as a new full member of the quays. Royal geographical society included in Vienna . Later that year we find Schweiger-Lerchenfeld as correspondents for the Augsburger Allgemeine Zeitung and other newspapers (especially the Wiener Neue Illustrirte Zeitung ) in what is now Bulgaria and in southern Russia. However, he did not follow the Russo-Ottoman War of 1877–1878 on site, but from a distance. So he collected the daily incoming news and edited monthly news blocks under the title "Vom Orientalischen Krieg" in the Leipziger Illustrirten Zeitung .
1880–1882 Schweiger-Lerchenfeld traveled to the Adriatic region and again to Greece. At this point he was already an established journalist and editor. After working as an editor for the well-known magazine Über Land und Meer (1886–1888), he founded the magazine Der Stein der Weisen (an "Illustrirte bi-monthly publication for home and family") in 1889 and worked as an editor until his death; The Philosopher's Stone was published in Vienna by A. Hartleben's publishing house, which also published almost all of Schweiger-Lerchenfeld's books.
Schweiger Lerchenfeld was particularly interested in the history of technology and communications of his time, in particular railway construction and the postal system. He also tried his hand at theater plays and literary subjects, but he was not to have the same success with them as with his numerous travel books and writings on national or cultural history. He also made "original sketches" (for lithographs) and drawings that illustrated his own travel experiences or other authors' fiction articles.
Amand von Schweiger-Lerchenfeld died in Vienna in 1910.
- 1875ː The major international transit rail routes to Middle East and Central Asia. A contribution to the prospects of world trade in the future . Viennaː Lehmann & Wentzel
- 1876ː Under the crescent moon. A picture of the Ottoman Empire and its peoples. Described from my own perspective and experience. Jenaː Hermann Constenoble ( Google )
- 1878ː Armenia. A picture of its nature and its inhabitants. Appendix An Anatolian Fragments . With a foreword by Friedrich von Hellwald . Jenaː Hermann Costenoble ( digitized and full text in the German text archive ) ( Google )
- 1878ː Bosnia, the country and its people. Historically, geographically, ethnographically and socio-politically . Viennaː LC Zamarski
- 1879ː Bosnia in pictures and words. Twenty pen drawings by JJ Kirchner with explanatory texts by A. v. Schweiger-Lerchenfeld . Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben
- 1879ː Between Pontus and Adria. Sketches from a tour around the Balkan Peninsula. Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben ( Regensburg University Library )
- 1879 (anonymous) ː Serail and Hohe Pforte. Revelations of recent events in Stambul. Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben
- 1879. Arab landscapes. Vienna
- 1881ː Women's life on earth. Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben
- 1882ː The Orient. Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben ( SSG Vorderer Orient digital Halle / S. )
- 1882 (anonymous) ː Crown Prince Rudolf's journey to the Orient. Vienna
- 1882. Greece in words and pictures. Leipzig. Reprint Essen 1992, ISBN 3-88851-158-5
- 1883ː The Adriatic. Land and sea voyages in the Adriatic Sea. Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben ( Regensburg University Library from the holdings of the Institute for East and Southeast European Studies )
- 1883 Abbazia. Idyll of the Adriatic. Vienna
- 1884ː The Iron Century. Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben
- 1885ː Contemporary Arabs and the Islamic Movement. Weimar
- 1885ː In the cycle of time. Vienna
- 1885ː From ocean to ocean . A description of the ocean and its life. Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben
- 1886ː Africa. The dark part of the earth in the light of our time. Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben
- 1886ː From our summer vacation. Vienna
- 1886ː Between the Danube and the Caucasus. Vienna
- 1887ː Greece in words and pictures. A description of the Hellenic kingdom , Leipzigː Heinrich Schmidt & Carl Günther
- 1888ː Guide to the Italian Alpine lakes and the Riviera. Vienna
- 1889ː The earth in maps and pictures. Atlas and text work. Vienna
- 1890ː Guide to Greece. Wurzburg
- 1891ː Tauern gold . A story from the life of a miner in the high Alps. Vienna
- 1891–1892ː The new book of nature. 2 volumes. Vienna
- 1891–1895ː On the move. 10 volumes. Vienna
- 1892–1895ː Alpenglow. Nature views and hiking images. Stuttgart
- 1894ː From the rolling impeller. Presentation of the technology of today's railways. Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben
- 1895ː The Danube as a Völkerweg, shipping route and travel route. Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben
- 1896ː The Book of Experiments. Vienna
- 1897ː Atlas of Celestial Science . Vienna
- 1900ː The new book from the Universal Mail . History, organization and technology of the postal system from the oldest times to the present . Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben
- 1900ː allure to women. Light and shadow. Pictures from modern women's life. Leipzig
- 1900ː In the land of the Cyclops. A popular representation of steel and iron engineering. Wienː A. Hartleben ( digitized version and full text in the German text archive ).
- 1901ː The new book from the Universal Mail . 3 parts. Vienna
- 1907ː cultural history. Becoming and passing away in the life of nations . 2 volumes. Vienna - Leipzigː A. Hartleben
- 1883ː Edmondo de Amicis ː Morocco. Freely edited according to Italian . Vienna - Pest - Leipzigː A. Hartleben
- 1870ː Blue Blood (text not published)
- 1897ː Isabel de Solis. Tragedy in 5 acts . Viennaː Self-published by the author
Articles, essays, stories
- 1870ː "A" novelist in fur "". In the Austrian-Hungarian military newspaper “Der Kamerad” (Vienna), No. 184 (November 11, 1870), pp. 1–4, 9 f. (not pag.)
- 1871ː "Alpenröslein. Sketch". Inː Laibacher Tagblatt (Ljubljana), No. 188 (August 18, 1871), p. 1 f. (not pag.); No. 189, pp. 1-3; No. 190, p. 1 f. (written in South Tyrol in June 1871)
- 1871ː "In the ladies' coupé. A memory". In the Austrian-Hungarian military newspaper “Der Kamerad” (Vienna), No. 116 (October 6, 1871), pp. 1–3
- 1871ː "Mattǃ sketch". Inː Laibacher Tagblatt (Ljubljana), No. 246 (October 26, 1871), pp. 1–3 (not pag.)
- 1871ː "Un coup diplomatique". Inː Laibacher Tagblatt (Ljubljana), no. 248 (October 28, 1871), pp. 1–3 (not pag.)
- 1871ː "Gideon Kassarovic. A novel from the Dalmatian mountains". In the Austrian-Hungarian military newspaper “Der Kamerad” (Vienna), No. 134 (November 17, 1871), pp. 1–3
- 1872ː "Since Queretaro. Sketch". In the Austrian-Hungarian military newspaper “Der Kamerad” (Vienna), No. 33 (March 17, 1872), pp. 1–5
- 1872ː "The Blood Avengers. An Episode from the French Intermediate Rule in Dalmatia". Inː Gartenlaube der Gemeinde-Zeitung (Vienna), No. 208 (October 16, 1872), p. 3 f. (not pag.); I. Supplement to the “Gemeinde-Zeitung” , Sunday edition No. 242, p. 1 f. (not pag.); Gazebo of the community newspaper (Vienna), No. 214, p. 3 (not pag.)
- 1874ː "A historical and topographical study of the location of the battlefields at Gaugamela and Arbela". Inː Austrian-Hungarian military sheets , Volume II, Issue 5 (1874)
- 1875ː "Turkish forts and fortresses". Inː Austrian-Hungarian military papers , Volume II, Issue 5 (1875)
- 1875ː "Ice flowers. Sketch". Inː Auf der Station (Vienna), 1st issue (May 1875)
- 1875ː "Hero and Leander. Novella". Inː Auf der Station (Vienna), 2nd issue (June 1875)
- 1876ː "The mountain falcon. A cultural image from Herzegovina". In Neue Illustrirte Zeitung (Vienna), No. 27 (July 2, 1876), pp. 443–446
- 1876ː "Turkish atrocities in Bulgaria". Inː Neue Illustrirte Zeitung (Vienna), No. 37 (September 10, 1876), p. 589 f.
- 1876ː "In the vestibule of the mosque at Samarkand". In Neue Illustrirte Zeitung (Vienna), No. 42 (October 15, 1876), p. 670
- 1876ː "Ilitza. A memory from Herzegovina". Inː Neue Illustrirte Zeitung (Vienna), No. 47 (November 19, 1876), pp. 739–741
- 1876ː "Winter Travel in the Orient. I.". Inː Neue Illustrirte Zeitung (Vienna), No. 51 (December 17, 1876), pp. 801–803
- 1878ː "Explanatory Notes on the Cultur Map of Asia Minor". In notifications from the imperial and royal geographical society in Vienna , Volume NF XI (Vienna 1878), pp. 257-269
- Valter Bohinec: " Schweiger-Lerchenfeld, Amand, baron (1846-1910) ". Slovenski biografski leksikon . Volume 10ː zv. Schmidl-Steklasa , Slovenska akademija znanosti in umetnosti, Ljubljana 1967 ( Slovenska biografija )
- G. Dietrich: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 12, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 2001-2005, ISBN 3-7001-3580-7 , p. 40 f. (Direct links on , ). In:
- Edit Királyː »The Danube is the form«. Discourses on electricity in texts and images of the 19th century . Böhlau, Vienna - Cologne 2017, p. 193 f.
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Schweiger-Lerchenfeld, Amand Freiherr von . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 32nd part. Imperial and Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1876, p. 359 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Literature by and about Amand von Schweiger-Lerchenfeld in the catalog of the German National Library
- Grazer- und Provinzial-Nachrichten . In: Tagespost (Morgenblatt) . No. 97 . Graz April 12, 1870, p. 4 (not pag.) .
- "On the ward" . In: Laibacher Tagblatt . No. 116 , May 25, 1875, p. 3 (not pag.) .
- PT In: Verkehrs-Zeitung . No. 19 . Vienna May 9, 1875, p. 7 .
- Literature . In: Pilsner Fremdblatt . No. 24 , June 13, 1875, pp. 2 (not pag.) .
- Monthly meeting of the Imperial and Royal Geographic Society on February 22, 1876 . In: Mittheilungen der kais. And ko. geographical society in Vienna . NF IX. Vienna 1876, p. 102 .
|SURNAME||Schweiger-Lerchenfeld, Amand von|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schweiger-Lerchenfeld, Amand Freiherr von (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian traveler, writer and officer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 17, 1846|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vienna|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 24, 1910|
|Place of death||Vienna|