Illustrated newspaper

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1844: Compared to the first edition, the head of the Illustrirten Zeitung is almost unchanged

The Illustrirte Zeitung was published from July 1, 1843 to September 1944 by the JJ Weber publishing house in Leipzig .

The publisher and editor was Johann Jacob Weber . Co-founder, technical director and liaison to the woodcut artists in Leipzig and Berlin was the Leipzig bookseller and publisher Carl Berendt Lorck from 1843 to 1845 .


First edition of the Illustrirten Zeitung on July 1, 1843
1856: The changed head also takes into account the structural changes in the city
1861: In the foreground on the left a new building can be seen - the Museum of Fine Arts
Typical double-sided “ bird's eye view ”, here using the example of the city of Hanover in 1872 based on a template by Carl Grote
Title from April 20, 1911 with a herald designed by Hermann Schaper with the coat of arms of Hanover, the Sachsenross and the imperial eagle . The magazine was to be had in the "single sale only through the Hannoversche Anzeiger " of the publishing company Madsack .

First as a licensed edition of 1842 in England , founded magazine The Illustrated London News published it was after their role model and that of L'Illustration ( Paris ), the first illustrated magazine in Germany.

The magazine was the company's “flagship” and at the same time can be seen as the mother of all later “picture papers”. In addition, in relation to the rather unfavorable time for such costly experiments, this new type of magazine was a daring but successful attempt that turned into excellent sales success.

For the publisher J. J. Weber in 1843, developing the technique of wood engraving illustrations to perfection for the circumstances was the real incentive to found an illustrated magazine. In the course of the following years he added a xylographic studio, that of Robert Kretschmer 1849-1857 , 1857-1860 by the painter Ernst Hartmann from Berlin, 1860-1870 by the painter Anton "Tony" Muttenthaler (1820-1870) from Munich and 1870-1901 was headed by Fritz Waibler .

In 1858, after Kretschmer's death, Weber acquired his studio. In 1860 he founded his own printing company for his publishing works - however, F. A. Brockhaus kept printing the Illustrirten Zeitung until the end of the century .

Their enormous use of pictures and photo reports, which was made possible by the use of their own picture correspondents, makes the Illustrirte Zeitung an important source of materials on history and culture, as well as politics and everyday life, thanks to its long running time of a century. It thus offers a unique image archive with over 300,000 illustrations that provide impressive reports on contemporary political, scientific, cultural and literary life of this time.

With the inclusion of the image in the text page, which was first introduced in the Illustrirten Zeitung , the expressiveness of the content or information previously only conveyed by language increased.

Six months after publication, the circulation was 7,500 copies, three years after its foundation it rose to 11,000 copies, the record circulation was around 100,000.

“In 1868, on the occasion of its 25th anniversary, the Leipziger Illustrierte Zeitung countered the reservations about dumbing down through illustrations with a counter-statement under the heading 'Illustration as a lever for popular education' that the interest and attention of the reader only through the images Text would be directed. "

- Bernd Weise: Current news pictures "After photographs"

The Illustrirte Zeitung published the first printed photo , a representation of a Grail Cup, in a German press in 1883 . It was a gridded photograph ( autotype ), which was made according to the method of Georg Meisenbach .

The rise and success of National Socialism was accompanied by positive aesthetic visual material from the Illustrirte Zeitung .

In the course of its publication, the magazine had more than 5,000 issues that archived cultural and literary historical as well as sociopolitical information and discoveries and findings from science and technology over a period of 100 years.

It ceased to appear in September 1944 with the 5041st number. In December of the same year a last special issue was published with the title Der Europäische Mensch .

Chess composition

The Illustrirte Zeitung was of great importance for the development of modern chess composition in Germany, as the chess column operated by Karl Julius Simon Portius was widely recognized as the only organ of German chess life at that time. Several theoretically significant chess problems were discussed here or appeared here for the first time, for example the Nowotny theme in 1854 . In 1903 , Johannes Kohtz and Carl Kockelkorn highlighted the importance of Portius' work in The Indian Problem .


Well-known authors

Some well-known politicians also wrote articles for the Illustrirte Zeitung . Among them are:


The news system in the German Army ,
cover of the Illustrirten Zeitung from 1918,
signed by Karl Albrecht ;
No. 3911 of June 13, 1918, war number 202


  • Wolfgang Weber: Johann Jakob Weber. The founder of the illustrated press in Germany. Lehmstedt, Leipzig 2003, ISBN 3-937146-03-2 .
  • Joachim Wachtel (Ed.): Facsimile cross section through the Leipziger Illustrirte Zeitung. Scherz Verlag, Munich / Bern / Vienna 1969.

Web links

Commons : Illustrirte Zeitung  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Illustrated newspaper  - sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Harald Fischer Verlag - Illustrirte Zeitung ( Memento from July 9, 2004 in the Internet Archive )
  2. In: Charles Grivel et al. a. (Ed.): The conquest of images. Photography in Buch und Presse 1816–1914 , Munich 2003, p. 98