|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Lower Austria|
|Political District :||Statutory city|
|License plate :||WN|
|Residents :||45,823 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postcodes :||2700, 2702, 2704, 2705, 2751, 2752|
|Area code :||02622|
|Community code :||3 04 01|
|Address of the
2700 Wiener Neustadt
|Mayor :||Klaus Schneeberger ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2020)
|Location of Wiener Neustadt|
View of Wiener Neustadt from the west
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Wiener Neustadt ( Hungarian Bécsújhely , Croatian Bečko Novo Mjesto or Bečki Novigrad ) is the second largest city in Lower Austria with 45,823 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) after the provincial capital St. Pölten and is located about 50 km south of the federal capital Vienna in the industrial quarter . It is the statutory city and administrative seat of the Wiener Neustadt-Land district and a school, shopping and garrison town . Wiener Neustadt is the eleventh largest city in Austria .
Wiener Neustadt is located in the Steinfeld , the southernmost part of the Vienna Basin , which geographically belongs to the northeastern flat and hill country. The urban area is traversed by the Warmen Fischa and the Kehrbach , which unite on the northeastern outskirts. In the east of the city, the Leitha forms the border with Burgenland . The urban area extends around 14 km from north to south and around 6.5 km from west to east.
At the time when the urban area was limited to today's center, it was divided into the four quarters "Liebfrauenviertel", "Dreifaltigkeitsviertel", "Deutschherrenviertel" and "Minoritenviertel". Due to the growth, the city senate decided in 1960 to divide the city into six city districts, which were expanded to eight districts in 2007. They are as follows: The specified population figures are as of January 1st, 2019:
- Inner City : The Inner City essentially describes the area that has formed the city of Wiener Neustadt within the city wall since the city was founded. The historic city quarters were then the Liebfrauenviertel (Baumkirchner Ring - Wiener Straße / Hauptplatz - Herzog-Leopold-Straße - Babenberger Ring), whose name can still be found today in the alternative name for the cathedral of Wiener Neustadt , the Deutschherrenviertel (Eyerspergring - Corvinusring - Ungargasse / Hauptplatz - Wiener Straße), the Dreifaltigkeitsviertel (Ungargasse - Neudörfler Straße - Liese-Prokop-Weg - Katzelsdorfer Straße - Günser Straße - Neunkirchner Straße) and the Minoritenviertel (Herzog-Leopold-Straße - Neunkirchner Straße - Maria-Theresien-Ring - Ferdinand Porsche Ring). Today's area of the inner city lies within Fischauer Gasse - Grazer Strasse - Corvinusring - Ungargasse - Neudörfler Strasse - eastern academy wall - southern academy wall - Günser Strasse - Maria-Theresien-Ring - Bräunlichgasse - Kammanngasse - Haidbrunngasse - Kollonitschgasse - Äußere Dammgasse - Fischauer Gasse . Almost all of the city's sights are located in the center: the castle , the water tower , the cathedral , the Reckturm , the town hall, the Marian column, the Neukloster monastery, the provost, the Gothic arcades on the main square, remnants of the former city wall, and today's city museum the exhibition church St. Peter an der Sperr , the suburban church, the Minorite monastery, the casemates , the former Carmelite church , the city theater and the Schrauthammer fountain. Other important buildings are the State Hospital Wiener Neustadt and the Bundesgymnasium Babenbergerring .
- Ungarviertel : The Ungarviertel (7683 inhabitants) comprises the area within Grazer Straße - right Fischaufer - border with Lichtenwörth - border with Neudörfl - border with Katzelsdorf - southern academy wall - eastern academy wall - Neudörfler Strasse - Ungargasse - Grazer Strasse. Parts of the Hungarian quarter are the Musikantenviertel (garden city), the Leithakolonie, the Schelmerkolonie, the Friedenssiedlung and the Porsche-Siedlung.
- Gymelsdorfer Vorstadt : The district of Gymelsdorfer Vorstadt (3700 inhabitants) is surrounded by Kammanngasse - Bräunlichgasse - Maria-Theresien-Ring - Günser Straße - southern academy wall - border with Katzelsdorf - border with Lanzenkirchen - border with Schwarzau am Steinfeld - border with Breitenau - border with Sankt Egyden am Steinfeld - border to Weikersdorf - Südbahn - Südbahngasse - Haidbrunngasse - Kammanngasse. The Breitenau settlement and the Frohsdorf settlement also belong to this district.
- Zehnerviertel : The Zehnerviertel (9,433 inhabitants) is the area within the right Fischaufer - Äußere Dammgasse - Kollonitschgasse - Haidbrunngasse - Südbahn - border to Weikersdorf - border to Bad Fischau-Brunn - right Fischaufer. It thus also encloses the fish colony (Haidbrunn district) as well as the Anemonensee and Föhrensee settlements.
- Airfield : The airfield (6398 inhabitants) comprises the following area: border with Bad Fischau-Brunn - border with Wöllersdorf - Nordspange - border with Wöllersdorf - Nordspange - border with Theresienfeld - Theresienfelder Gasse - Äußere Bahnzeile - Äußere Dammzeile - left Fischaufer - border to Bad Fischau-Brunn. The district also includes the Baden settlement.
- Josefstadt : The Josefstadt (9027 inhabitants) is surrounded by the border to Lichtenwörth - left Fischaufer - Grazer Straße ( Eye of God ) - Fischauer Gasse - Äußere Dammgasse - Äußere Bahnzeile - Pottendorfer line - Wiener Neustädter Canal - border to Eggendorf - border to Lichtenwörth. The spinner on the cross, the Cine Nova and the cemetery are located in Josefstadt. Part of the Josefstadt is the war hospital (Döttelbachsiedlung).
- Civitas Nova : The Civitas Nova ("New City") extends within these limits: border to Theresienfeld - border to Eggendorf - Wiener Neustädter Canal - Pottendorfer line - Äußere Bahnzeile - Theresienfelder Gasse - border to Theresienfeld.
- Heath settlement : The heather settlement encompasses the area within the north span - border to Wöllersdorf - north span; Border to Wöllersdorf - border to Felixdorf - border to Theresienfeld - Nordspange - border to Wöllersdorf.
There is no subdivision into cadastral communities in Wiener Neustadt, as the entire urban area consists of only one cadastral community of the same name. The city is also not divided into other localities (except Wiener Neustadt ).
Wiener Neustadt borders on the following municipalities (clockwise, starting in the north; in brackets the respective district and the federal state, if not Lower Austria ):
- Theresienfeld ( WB )
- Eggendorf ( WB )
- Lichtenwörth ( WB )
- Neudörfl ( MA , Burgenland )
- Katzelsdorf ( WB )
- Lanzenkirchen ( WB )
- Schwarzau am Steinfeld ( NK )
- Breitenau ( NK )
- Sankt Egyden am Steinfeld ( NK )
- Weikersdorf am Steinfelde ( WB )
- Bad Fischau-Brunn ( WB )
- Wöllersdorf-Steinabrückl ( WB )
- Felixdorf ( WB )
The climate in Wiener Neustadt is Pannonian . Typically the summers are hot and dry and the winters cold and dry, with more rainfall in the summer. In Wiener Neustadt there are an average of 90 rainy days a year (see diagram below). With west / north-west weather conditions there is often little or no precipitation. When such weather conditions occur in winter, there is almost never a blanket of snow in Wiener Neustadt. However, with the formation of an upper Italy low (also known as genoa low) and the associated precipitation from the southeast, considerable amounts of snow can fall.
In summer it is often the case that the stone field literally heats up for a few days and bad weather fronts are subsequently diverted or at least weakened around the city due to the developing thermals. It often happens that a storm front coming from the west turns south at the last moment. However, incoming storms are all the more violent and are often accompanied by torrential rain, gusty winds and hail. Due to its location on Steinfeld, Wiener Neustadt may be one of Austria's hot spots in summer. Conversely, the city can also belong to the cold poles in winter.
Another very common weather event is fog or high fog, which often lays over the city like a bell for days. It often happens that the sun is shining in the surrounding villages ( Bad Sauerbrunn , Ebenfurth , Felixdorf ). In the very flat area of Wiener Neustadt, it is almost always windy, especially at the low-obstacle airfield. The area around Wiener Neustadt is one of three in Austria in which tornadoes occur sporadically. The tornado in Wiener Neustadt in 1916 had serious consequences.
The highest temperature ever measured in Wiener Neustadt was +39.1 ° C (August 8, 2013), the lowest -27.9 ° C (1956).
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Wiener Neustadt
The city foundation
Wiener Neustadt is one of those cities that were already founded as a city and planned in their complex. The city was built in the Steinfeld , the southernmost part of the Vienna Basin , an area that, given its natural features, was not an ideal place for a medieval settlement to develop naturally.
The city was founded for political and strategic reasons. Due to the Georgenberger Handfeste (August 17, 1186) , the Duchy of Styria with the County of Pitten fell to the Babenbergers (Liutpoldiner) after the Traungau (Ottokare) died out in 1192 , who ruled over the neighboring Duchy of Austria and fortified it with the establishment of one City tried to secure the common border of the two duchies against the Hungarian kingdom . The ransom that Duke Leopold V had received for King Richard the Lionheart of England brought the necessary capital to build the new town (Nova Civitas). (The addition of "Wiener" to the name did not gain acceptance until the 17th century to make it easier to differentiate.) The decision to found the city was taken at a Taiding (a meeting of the ministerial officials ) in Fischau in late summer or autumn 1194.
This date of foundation is not without controversy, however, so precise measurements on the basis of the longitudinal axis of today's cathedral indicate that at least construction of this began as early as 1192 It seems certain, however, that after Leopold's sudden death the construction of the city was under his Son and successor of Duke Leopold VI. had already started in 1195.
The facility at that time was based on the shape of a Roman camp. The ground plan of the city corresponded to a rectangle with a side length of 620 m on the south side and 685 m on the west side. The urban area was divided into quarters by four main streets that were oriented in the four cardinal directions and led to the city gates. For the center, a square was planned as a market in an area of 180 × 80 m, in the north-western quarter another square was planned as the location of the parish church and the cemetery. The city was surrounded by a 5 m high and 1 m thick stone city wall, which was reinforced at the corners by massive corner towers; the four city gates were additionally secured by towers. The city walls were surrounded by a ditch that was fed by local streams and, above all, by the Kehrbach .
The newly founded city was granted important privileges, it was given full jurisdiction and market rights . The princely mint was moved from Fischau to Neustadt at the latest under Duke Friedrich the Arguable . For Wiener Neustadt, too, city air makes you free after year and day .
Residence of the sovereign, the king and the emperor
After the death of Duke Friedrich the Arguable, who had no descendants, armed conflicts broke out in the second half of the 13th century for his successor in both duchies, from which Count Rudolf IV of Habsburg , as the German-Roman King Rudolf I., emerged as the winner. The Habsburgs , who subsequently also called themselves dukes of Austria, were able to assert themselves as the new sovereigns. During this time, on June 3, 1285, a certain Merboto was elected mayor of the new town, the first mention of a mayor by name. It was not until 1380 to 1382 that another mayor of Wiener Neustadt, Michael Prenner , was identified by name, who at that time was also considered to be its richest citizen.
As a result of the Treaty of Neuberg an der Mürz signed in September 1379 , the Habsburgs split into two branches of the family: the Albertine and the Leopoldine lines. Together with the cities of Graz and Innsbruck , Neustadt subsequently belonged to the main residences of the "Leopoldines" and experienced a period of boom in the 15th century. Under Duke Friedrich V of Austria , as German-Roman King and Emperor Friedrich III, Neustadt was the main residence of the emperor alongside Graz for many years in the mid-15th century. In 1453 there was even a Reichstag, which, however, was poorly attended by the imperial princes. The cathedral and the new monastery (in which later his wife and most of his children found their final resting place) were under Friedrich III. Significantly rebuilt, the coat of arms on the castle (today the barracks) shows him in the midst of the coats of arms of those possessions that have been ascribed to the Habsburgs by the 95 lords since the Austrian Chronicle . In 1469 he obtained the approval of Pope Paul II to found his own diocese in Wiener Neustadt , which, however, due to the resistance of the previously responsible bishops of Passau, was only responsible for the city itself and could not be expanded into a state diocese . It was soon merged with the Vienna diocese before it was moved to St. Pölten in the 19th century and later made the regional diocese for Lower Austria. Friedrich's son and successor Maximilian I was born in Wiener Neustadt and spent his youth here. After his death, he was buried at his own request in the chapel of the castle, the St. George's Cathedral.
In August 1487, the new town ( Hungarian: Bécsújhely ) was captured by the Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus after an almost two-year siege . The king granted the defenders free travel and is said to have given the city the magnificent goblet that can be seen today as the Corvinus cup in the city museum due to knightly traditions . After his death, the city was recaptured by King Maximilian I without substantial resistance.
The Jewish community in Neustadt in the 14th and 15th centuries
There is evidence of a Jewish community in Wiener Neustadt since the middle of the 13th century at the latest . It was probably related to the fact that the Neustadt belonged to the Duchy of Styria, that its Jewish community was spared the persecution of the Jews in Pulkau (1338), pogroms at the time of the plague (1348/49) and the Viennese Gesera (1420/1421), which were all limited to the Duchy of Austria. However, this does not rule out that the Jewish community in Neustadt was also subject to hostility, discrimination and restrictions. Approx. 1445–1460 was the seat of the rabbi Israel Isserlein (1390–1460), one of the most important Jewish scholars of his time. At that time it was considered a center of Jewish learning. When King Maximilian I ordered the expulsion of all Jews from the city in 1496 and forbade them to settle here again for ever, this meant the end of the Jewish community. This measure did not take the form of a pogrom, but an organized expulsion. It was not until the 19th century that a new Jewish community emerged in Wiener Neustadt.
The new town after 1500
In the 16th century, the new town lost its importance as a sovereign or royal-imperial residence. Furthermore, it was an important bulwark against threats from the east, B. against the Ottomans and Kuruc . The Neustadt gained notoriety as the site of two politically motivated executions.
- Under the reign of King I. Ferdinand the Barons were on Aug. 9, 1522 Hans von Puchheim and Michael Eitzing as members of unterennsischen stands Committee and on August 11, 1522 Mayor of Vienna Martin Transylvanian and five other former Viennese councilors, including Friedrich von Pieschen by beheaded in a notorious trial for high treason ( Wiener Neustädter Blutgericht von 1522 ).
- On April 30, 1671, the execution of Fran Krsto Frankopan and Petar Zrinski as leaders of the (alleged) magnate conspiracy against Emperor Leopold I took place here.
From the 17th century the name Wiener Neustadt and finally Wiener Neustadt slowly gained acceptance , mainly to distinguish it from the other places of the same name ("Neustadt") in the Empire.
- In 1751 the new town regained greater importance when Maria Theresa decided to set up a noble cadet house in the imperial castle. The Theresian Military Academy began teaching in 1752 and continues to this day with only brief interruptions. It is therefore the oldest military academy in the world.
- On the night of February 27-28, 1768, Wiener Neustadt suffered severe damage due to an earthquake . The castle, which was badly damaged, needed to be rebuilt according to the plans of the builder Nikolaus Pacassi . Only one of the four former towers of the castle was rebuilt.
- In 1785 Emperor Joseph II arranged the transfer of the diocese from Wiener Neustadt to St. Pölten . As a result, all monasteries in Wiener Neustadt were abolished with the exception of the Cistercian monastery Neukloster and the Capuchin monastery. Manufactories were set up in the vacant buildings, which formed the basis for the industry in Wiener Neustadt. Initially it was a textile industry, followed by a paper factory, a sugar factory and a pottery factory at the beginning of the 19th century.
- The continental blockade at the time of the Napoleonic wars was just as beneficial for the establishment of factories as the then growing amount of paper money. The Wiener Neustädter Schifffahrtskanal project is also closely related to industrialization. Completed in the years 1797–1805, the canal was only to be the first link in a large waterway that would connect the Danube and the Adriatic via Hungary. Shipping was operated by the state until 1823. This infrastructure project was dropped in the following railway age.
On September 8, 1834, the city was devastated by a major fire that started from barns south of the city and, fanned by a storm, spread to wood stocks that were stacked in front of the Neunkirchner Tor and to the city itself and the suburbs. 500 buildings burned down completely, 47 people died.
Wiener Neustadt in the 19th and 20th centuries
The Hilzer bell foundry existed from 1838 to 1907 . The change to an industrial city began with the opening of the southern line from Vienna to Wiener Neustadt in June 1841. In the following year, a locomotive factory was founded, from which the Wiener Neustädter Lokomotivfabrik emerged . In addition to other factories that were gradually built, the Austro-Daimler company (a subsidiary of the German Daimler works) set up a large vehicle production facility in a former machine factory. The industrialization caused a strong influx of workers, so that Wiener Neustadt was the second largest city in Lower Austria (after Vienna) in the 1860s. An external sign of the increased importance was the granting of its own statute in 1866, which came into force after elections in 1868.
From 1851 the fortifications were gradually removed; between 1862 and 1864 the city gates were finally demolished.
In 1909 an airfield was built in the north of the city. The first Austrian flight week was held in Wiener Neustadt as early as 1911. The Wiener Neustädter Flugfeld served the aviation pioneers Igo Etrich , Karl Illner and Adolf Warchalowski for their flight attempts and was the first official Austrian airfield. Today the airfield is the largest natural airfield in Europe .
On June 7, 1912, a powder magazine of an Austro-Hungarian military camp exploded between the southern railway and the former Kaiser-Franz-Josephs barracks, killing seven people and injuring around 100 others. The nearby workers' barracks 48 was completely destroyed, and the pressure wave also damaged a. the hangars at the airfield, the locomotive factory and the Daimler works.
During the First World War , Wiener Neustadt was a center of the arms industry due to its industrial operations. The consequences of the defeat of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy in World War I led to a decline in industry. Due to the lack of demand in Austria, which has become a small economic area, the large factories had to close; aircraft production had to be given up due to the Treaty of Saint Germain . The world economic crisis did the rest.
In the interwar period , on October 7, 1928, the Heimwehr and the Schutzbund marched into Wiener Neustadt , a confrontation that was kept apart with strong units of the gendarmerie and the armed forces and proceeded without major incident.
After Austria was annexed to the German Reich in 1938, important war industries were established in Wiener Neustadt. As early as 1940, the Wiener Neustädter Flugzeugwerke produced a quarter of the total production of the Messerschmitt 109 fighter aircraft. In the Raxwerke , the former Wiener Neustädter Lokomotivfabrik , the assembly of A4 rockets began in 1943 .
Due to this concentration of armaments factories, but also because Wiener Neustadt was an important railway junction, the city was almost completely destroyed with around 50,000 bombs in World War II. Of the 3,000 buildings at the time, only 18 remained intact. The city was thus one of the worst affected in the German Empire.
See also: Air raids on Wiener Neustadt
The Jewish community in the 19th and 20th centuries and its destruction
After the expulsion of the Wiener Neustädter Jews in 1496 on the orders of the later Emperor Maximilian I , the resettlement of Jews was only permitted again after the revolutionary year 1848 . In 1870 a new, very small synagogue was set up on Baumkirchnerring, and in 1871 the " IKG Wiener Neustadt" was founded. Over the decades, the community grew to several hundred people, so that a larger synagogue was built on the neighboring property in a classical-Moorish style and was inaugurated in 1904. In the 1930s, around 870 Jews lived in Wiener Neustadt. The IKG Wiener Neustadt was the fourth largest in Austria (after Vienna , Graz and Baden).
With the annexation of Austria to the German Reich in March 1938, the systematic persecution and robbery of Wiener Neustadt Jews began immediately. Already in the first days of Nazi rule, many Jews were taken from their homes by the SA and SS , publicly humiliated in front of their Wiener Neustädter fellow citizens (for example by “washing the streets” with brushes on the main square or in front of the synagogue) and some were taken to the Wöllersdorf detention center .
The November pogroms of 1938 (“Reichskristallnacht”) led to violent attacks on Jewish facilities, apartments and shops in Wiener Neustadt as well. The interior of the synagogue was completely destroyed or looted. In the days that followed, several hundred Jews were “shipped” by SA men on trains to Vienna, where they were abandoned. Between March 1938 and the beginning of 1939, the majority of Wiener Neustädter Jews had fled the city or the country or were arrested by the SA, SS or the police or brought to Vienna. Today it is certain that 180 Jews from Wiener Neustadt (i.e. one fifth of the community ) were deported to a ghetto or concentration camp (mostly Auschwitz ).
A few Jews returned to their hometown after 1945. However, a religious community was no longer founded. The Wiener Neustädter Synagogue was completely demolished in 1952.
Wiener Neustadt after 1945
For the reconstruction, the city administration called on the population to volunteer in 1946 to remove thousands of tons of rubble from the city. When Austria regained its sovereignty through the State Treaty in 1955, the reconstruction of the destroyed city was largely complete.
The city is the administrative center, the seat of the district and regional court, one of the most important railway junctions in Austria, further a junction of the autobahn and expressway and several federal highways, an important garrison town with three military barracks, the second largest shopping town and the most important school town in Lower Austria .
With more than 40,000 inhabitants, Wiener Neustadt is the capital and largest city of the industrial district . The city plays an important role as a regional economic and educational center. Austria's first technical college was founded in Wiener Neustadt in 1994 , and with over 3,500 students it is still one of the largest in the country. The Arena Nova multifunctional hall, built in 1995, is the third largest comparable event hall in Austria. The MedAustron cancer research center was opened in Wiener Neustadt in 2016 (see section "Education and Research").
In 1975 the city was awarded the European flag by the Council of Europe as the tenth city in Austria and has since been allowed to call itself " European City ". In 1989 Wiener Neustadt was the first Austrian city to receive the European badge of the Council of Europe. Wiener Neustadt has been a twin town of Monheim am Rhein since 1971 . Another twin town has been Desenzano del Garda since 2002 . In 2006, Harbin was added to China's megacity. Wiener Neustadt also maintains a "3-city friendship" with Eisenstadt and Sopron . She is also a member of the “ Neustadt in Europa ” working group , which includes 37 towns with this name in Germany , Austria , Hungary , Poland , the Czech Republic , Slovakia and the Netherlands .
Development of the urban area
The last expansion of the city is the Civitas Nova , an ambitious project to establish itself as a technology and science location and the settlement of industrial and commercial companies as well as schools, which also includes the Ecoplus business park . A cancer research center for ion therapy , the MedAustron project , is currently being built on the site . In addition, the Civitas Nova is the headquarters of the aircraft manufacturer Diamond Aircraft and some technical facilities. The university of applied sciences , the start-up agency RIZ and various companies and offices are also located here. The Austrian branch of Triumph International is also located in Wiener Neustadt .
In the area of the Civitas Nova there is the multi-purpose hall Arena Nova, in which trade fairs, concerts and sporting events take place. Furthermore, the rock festival Aerodrome was held in this area in 2004 and 2005 and the Urban Art Forms Festival in 2011 . In the center, a housing estate has been under construction on the former exhibition site for many years, and there is also a project in the academy park.
In the 1980s, efforts were made to incorporate all communities around Wiener Neustadt, which would have made Wiener Neustadt the largest city in Lower Austria.
The affected communities would have been Katzelsdorf , Theresienfeld , Eggendorf , Bad Fischau-Brunn , Wöllersdorf-Steinabrückl , Lichtenwörth , Zillingdorf , Sollenau , Felixdorf , Lanzenkirchen and Weikersdorf am Steinfelde . Wiener Neustadt would have grown to almost 80,000 inhabitants. Some of the municipalities mentioned are directly fused with Wiener Neustadt, shopping centers sometimes extend into the neighboring municipalities. Some of them had been part of Wiener Neustadt until the 19th century before they became independent. The project failed or could not be implemented in accordance with the interests of the communities concerned. Today the incorporation plans are no longer up for debate.
At the same time, the discussion between St. Pölten and Wiener Neustadt about which of the two cities was the leading and more important one in Lower Austria had become particularly acute. In this context, the expansion plans of Wiener Neustadt at the time must also be considered. Since the appointment of St. Pölten as the capital of Lower Austria in 1986, this dispute has been "decided", at least in a legal sense.
The development of the population is a reflection of the economic development: While the population increased continuously from 1869 (first census ) to 1923 from 20,619 to 36,956 (repeated by more than 10% within ten years), there was a slight decrease until 1934 (-0, 4%). The population grew again by 6.9% over the next five years, only to drop by a dramatic 22.3% to 30,559 by 1951 (the first count after World War II ). The following decades show an initially stronger increase (up to 1961 + 10.8%), which then fell again to almost stagnation by 1991 (+ 0.4% since 1981). In contrast, the last ten years up to 2001 brought a clear increase of 7.1%; this is clearly due to immigration (8.5%), which offsets the negative birth balance (- 1.4%). But according to a new forecast, Wiener Neustadt should have over 50,000 inhabitants by 2030.
According to the 2001 census data , 62.3% of the population are Roman Catholic and 7.6% Protestant . 6.1% are Muslims , 2.2% belong to Orthodox churches . 18.2% of the population have no religious denomination.
Wiener Neustadt has ten Roman Catholic churches including the provost and main parish at the cathedral church. The other churches are called St. Leopold, sub-community Erlöserkirche, sub-community Schmuckerau, sub-community Josefstadt, St. Jakob (Capuchin Church), Herz Mariä, Neukloster (including the two pastoral care stations Gartenstadt and Friedenssiedlung), St. Anton and Georgs Cathedral in the castle . Wiener Neustadt was an independent diocese for several centuries . Today it is only a titular bishopric , which is traditionally awarded to the military bishop of Austria.
Wiener Neustadt's believers also have an Evangelical Church , a branch of Jehovah's Witnesses , the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , the New Apostolic Church , the Seventh-day Adventist Community , the Free Church Ichthys Congregation and a Church of the Serbian Orthodox Community in the Döttelbachsiedlung.
Wiener Neustadt is a statutory city. This means that both the tasks of a municipal administration and a district administration are carried out directly by the magistrate. The legal basis for this is formed by the Wiener Neustädter Stadtrecht 1977 and the Lower Austrian City Rights Organization Act (NÖ SrROG), in which since 2000 those parts of the municipal rights of all Lower Austrian statutory cities that are identical have been summarized. Wiener Neustadt is the seat of the district administration authority Wiener Neustadt-Land, the police commissioner Wiener Neustadt as a branch of the state police department of Lower Austria, the regional court and the labor market service.
The municipal council has 40 members.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1990, the municipal council had the following distribution: 22 SPÖ, 9 ÖVP, 2 Greens, 2 FPÖ, 2 list of carpenters, and 1 other.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1995, the municipal council had the following distribution: 22 SPÖ, 9 ÖVP, 4 FPÖ, 3 citizen lists carpenter, 1 LIF, and 1 Greens.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2000, the municipal council had the following distribution: 23 SPÖ, 9 ÖVP, 4 FPÖ, 2 Greens, and 2 list of carpenters.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2005 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 26 SPÖ, 10 ÖVP, 2 Greens, 1 list Haberler WN-Aktiv, and 1 FPÖ.
- With the municipal elections in Lower Austria in 2010 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 21 SPÖ, 10 ÖVP, 4 FPÖ, 3 Social Neustadt List Sluka-Grabner, 1 Greens, and 1 List Haberler WN-Aktiv.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria 2015 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 17 SPÖ, 14 ÖVP, 5 FPÖ, 2 Greens, 1 Social Neustadt List Sluka-Grabner, and 1 List Haberler WN-Aktiv.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria 2020 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 19 ÖVP, 11 SPÖ, 6 FPÖ and 4 Greens.
The city senate (2020-2025) consists of the following members (city councils):
- Mayor Klaus Schneeberger ( ÖVP )
- Deputy Mayor Michael Schnedlitz ( FPÖ ), Housing and Social Affairs
- 1. Vice Mayor Christian Stocker ( ÖVP ), finance, property and real estate management
- 2. Vice Mayor Rainer Spenger ( SPÖ ), Archives, Monument Preservation and International Relations
- Erika Buchinger (ÖVP), women, family and health
- Franz Dinhobl ( ÖVP ), urban development, infrastructure and mobility
- Pamela Felgenhauer (SPÖ), Construction and Foundations
- Philipp Gruber (ÖVP), Education, Youth and Sport
- Norbert Horvath (SPÖ), Environment and Procurement
- Franz Piribauer ( ÖVP ), tourism, culture and blue light organizations
- Tanja Windbüchler-Souschill (Greens), veterinarian
The city senate basically consists of the first and second vice mayors and eight city councilors. The electoral parties represented in the municipal council are entitled to representation in the city senate according to their strength. The mayor chairs the meeting. The magistrate's director takes part in the meetings in an advisory capacity and has the right to submit applications.
see also List of Mayors of Wiener Neustadt
- 1945–1965: Rudolf Wehrl
- 1965–1984: Hans Barwitzius
- 1984–1993: Gustav Kraupa
- 1993-1997: Peter Wittmann
- 1997–2005: Traude Dierdorf
- 2005–2015: Bernhard Müller
- since 2015: Klaus Schneeberger
- Wiener Neustadt is a member of the Neustadt in Europa working group , in which (currently) 37 cities and municipalities named Neustadt from Germany, Austria, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia and the Netherlands have come together.
Since 2006 the administration in Wiener Neustadt has provided citizens with an electronic form service as part of the cooperation project of the municipal association amtsweg.gv.at, with which online forms can be submitted without any infrastructural effort. These forms are based on AFORMSSOLUTION from aforms2web .
In 2001 there were 2,302 workplaces in Wiener Neustadt, at which a total of 25,377 people were employed. Around 13% of the urban area consists of industrial areas.
- Triumph International , central operation for Austria
- Aided by the Wiener Neustadt / Ost airfield, Diamond Aircraft has been producing aircraft in the Ecoplus business park Wiener Neustadt area since 1998 .
- The company Schiebel has been building drones since 2006 .
- APS Austria Personalservice , active throughout Austria in the field of personnel services .
The main axes of the old town have developed into shopping streets with pedestrian zones over the past 40 years. In addition to the smaller, family-run shops, many branches of retail chains have opened up in these areas in recent years. Even if the pressure from the shopping centers on the periphery (especially from the “Fischapark”) on the inner-city economy has grown enormously, Wiener Neustadt's center has recovered in the last five years and can report increases in sales.
Following the example of the Viennese Naschmarkt , the Marienmarkt was planned as a new facility in the center of Wiener Neustadt to pull people into the city center - against the trend to peripheral shopping centers - and opened in April 2017. The areas in a stretched kiosk with a small canopy are managed by ten stand operators.
In addition to the city center, there are five industrial and shopping areas in Wiener Neustadt:
- Wiener Neustadt Nord: there are many hardware stores and a shopping center along the B17 . There are larger industrial settlements here (so-called industrial area north). Even Triumph International here has its Austrian central warehouse.
- Wiener Neustadt Ost: The Stadionstrasse shopping street is located here. Along this there are several large shopping centers such as the Merkur City with almost 50 specialty shops and the Cine Nova, with many specialty shops, restaurants and a cinema. There are also large furniture stores and hardware stores here. Companies from all sectors are located here. There is also a bowling alley and the Poker Royale Card Casino. Stadionstraße represents a connection between the B17 , B60 and B53 and is one of the busiest streets in Wiener Neustadt. A new small shopping center is to be built on the B60.
- Wiener Neustadt West: Along the Zehnergürtels and Fischauer Gasse there are several shopping centers, such as the Fischapark , Lower Austria's second largest shopping center after the SCS , and the Centro specialty shop center. Many hardware stores, furniture stores, grocery chains, sports stores, offices and other specialist shops have branches here. The area extends to Bad Fischau-Brunn and Wöllersdorf . On weekdays there is a traffic collapse on the Zehnergürtel almost every day, because the Zehnergürtel is no longer able to cope with the steadily growing rush to the Fischapark .
- Civitas Nova and Ecoplus : A new district is emerging in the north of the city. There are further specialist shops, hardware stores, car dealers, industrial companies and research centers. The B17 borders the Civitas Nova ( Eng. New City ) in the west.
- Wiener Neustadt Süd: A number of wholesale markets and specialist shops have opened along the B17. There is also another Merkur here, which has a few smaller shops attached.
Wiener Neustadt is mainly visited by tourists because of several historically significant buildings (including the cathedral , main square ensemble, remains of the city wall). The city offers a culture trail on which all the sights of the city center are located. With the Arena Nova, the city has a medium-sized event hall for pop-cultural and sporting events (e.g. handball European championship 2010 , TV show Musikantenstadl ), which are also regular attractions for visitors to the city.
There are several hotels in the city. The best known are the Hotel Corvinus in Bahngasse, the Hotel Central on the main square and the Hotel Orange Wings in the vicinity of the Arena Nova.
The Lower Austrian State Exhibition will take place in Wiener Neustadt in 2019 . The title " World in Motion - City.History.Mobility " refers to the development of mobility from the Habsburgs to today and into the future. For this exhibition, the casemates are also being prepared as a new exhibition and visitor center for Wiener Neustadt.
Wiener Neustadt is one of the most important rail hubs in Austria. The central station Wiener Neustadt is cut and starting point for a railway lines ( Südbahn , Mattersburger web , Aspangbahn , Pottendorfer line , Schneebergbahn , Gutensteiner web ). With a frequency of around 25,000 travelers and 700 passenger trains per day, it is the busiest train station in Lower Austria.
From Wiener Neustadt, numerous destination stations in Germany and abroad can be reached by direct trains, such as Vienna , Klagenfurt , Villach , Graz , Aspang-Markt , Friedberg , Hartberg , Fehring , Puchberg am Schneeberg , Gutenstein , Deutschkreutz , Payerbach-Reichenau , Eisenstadt , Neusiedl am See but also Ödenburg / Sopron , Venice , Rome , Zagreb , Marburg an der Drau / Maribor , Prague , Znaim or Warsaw .
In addition, there are three other stops in the urban area of Wiener Neustadt: “Wiener Neustadt Nord” on the Südbahn, “Wiener Neustadt Anemonensee” by the Schneebergbahn and “Wiener Neustadt Civitas Nova” by the Pottendorfer line. A stop “Wiener Neustadt Süd” is also being planned at the Aspangbahn and Mattersburger Bahn. The “ Katzelsdorf ” stop of the Mattersburger Bahn is also still in the urban area of Wiener Neustadt.
Wiener Neustadt is also a road traffic junction ( Süd Autobahn (A2), Mattersburger Schnellstraße (S4)). The Wiener Neustadt bypass to the east is planned to relieve the main roads (connection of the Wiener Neustadt Ost exit - B21), of which only the northern part (B21 - B60) has so far been realized.
The following former federal highways run through Wiener Neustadt: Wiener Neustädter Straße (B17), Gutensteiner Straße (B21), Puchberger Straße (B26), Pöttschinger Straße (B53), Wechsel Straße (B54) and Leitha Straße (B60).
Parking: There are four parking garages in Wiener Neustadt's inner city: the underground theater garage, the Hungarian garage, the Stadtpark garage and the hospital parking deck. There are also parking spaces at Domplatz and Nepomukplatz. There is a new parking deck at the train station that can hold around 650 cars.
Public transport: Wiener Neustädter Stadtwerke und Kommunal Service GmbH - Verkehrsbetriebe (WNSKS) operate ten inner-city bus routes (AH, K, L) throughout the city (as well as a school route from Bahnhof-HTL). All city bus lines (except for line L and school courses) go via Wiener Neustädter Ring, where there is mostly a bus lane. From there they leave the ring for all parts of the city. In addition, Wiener Neustädter Stadtwerke and the Partsch bus company operate regional buses to the surrounding area. There is also a Postbus and Blaguss line.
The city has a civil airfield with ICAO identification ( Wiener Neustadt / Ost , LOAN) and a military airfield ( Wiener Neustadt / West , LOXN). The Westplatz can be used by numerous glider and motorized aviation associations as well as a parachute jump club, but is normally not available to other aircraft in civil aviation. It is the largest grass airfield and the oldest dedicated airfield in Europe.
Up until the beginning of the 20th century, Wiener Neustadt was the port of departure for the Wiener Neustädter Canal , Austria's only shipping canal . The canal between Vienna and Wiener Neustadt, which was opened in 1803 and, according to initial plans , should have been built to Trieste , gradually lost its economic importance from the 1870s until operations were finally given up in the years before the First World War . The harbor, which was located on Ungargasse near today's hospital, was filled in in 1926/27. Since then, the starting point of the canal is about 600 meters away near the intersection of Nestroystraße / Schelmergasse. Today, the canal is used for irrigation, electricity generation in small hydropower plants and as a recreational area (cycle path and canoe trips).
Education and Research
Wiener Neustadt is a school and educational city, as evidenced by the large number of educational institutions. There are nine elementary schools and five secondary schools in the city, as well as the Babenbergerring Federal High School , the Gröhrmühlgasse Federal High School and the Zehnergasse Federal High School . Wiener Neustadt also houses various higher education institutions (HTL, HAK and others), a federal upper secondary school (BORG) and a state vocational school. In addition, Wiener Neustadt is home to the Josef Matthias Hauer Music School, Austria's first university of applied sciences with a focus on technology, economics, health, sports and safety, and the European Severe Storms Laboratory ( ESSL ). From 1988 to 2010 the Josef Matthias Hauer Conservatory offered concert training as well as training in instrumental and vocal pedagogy (IGP).
A center for ion and proton therapy as well as research on cancer therapy was established under the name " MedAustron " . There, patients or their tumors are to be irradiated with carbon ions or protons. The foundation stone was laid in March 2011. In 2013 the particle accelerator was installed. A trial run has been running since 2014. The first patient treatments are planned for the end of 2015 / beginning of 2016. In full operation, up to 1,200 people are to be treated annually.
Research and development is crucial in the technology and research center Wr. Neustadt (17,400 m², 500 jobs).
- The Theresian Military Academy , founded by Maria Theresa in 1751 , is used to train officers in the armed forces . This is where the military secondary school, founded in 1965, was located , the successor of which is to be the Federal Trade Academy for Leadership and Security at the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt from the 2019/20 school year .
- The higher technical federal teaching and research institute Wiener Neustadt was founded in 1873 as a technical college for mechanical engineering .
- The higher educational institution for economic professions Wiener Neustadt was founded in 1924 as a private women's trade school for white sewing and dressmaking.
- The state teacher training institute founded in 1873 was closed in 1962 and the school building was continued as BORG Wiener Neustadt and expanded in 2000.
- The forest school was founded in 1920 for the city's malnourished children and is now a special education school for physically handicapped children.
- The commercial academy and commercial school was founded in 1945 as a municipal school and has been part of the federal school since 1961.
- The Wiener Neustadt University of Applied Sciences was founded in 1994 and also has locations in Wieselburg and Tulln .
- The Technology and Research Center Wiener Neustadt was founded in 1999.
- Wiener Neustadt is one of the four technopoles in Lower Austria.
- The focus of the TFZ (Technology and Research Center) Wiener Neustadt / Technopol Wiener Neustadt is on the areas of medical and material technologies: materials, tribology (friction, wear, lubrication), medical technology, sensor actuators and surfaces.
- The Research and Training Center of the ESSL was opened in 2012 in Bräunlichgasse and annually organizes the ESSL Testbed with participants from all over Europe. In 2015 the European Severe Weather Conference ECSS will take place in Wiener Neustadt.
- The schools HLM and BAfEP Wiener Neustadt moved in 2017 from the Kammann barracks to the former state vocational school and former institution for the deaf and dumb.
- Library in the center of Wiener Neustadt
Culture and sights
- Dom Wiener Neustadt : The Wiener Neustadt Dom is a late Romanic in the core structure, which has been dedicated to the 1279th In the first quarter of the 14th century the transept and the polygonal choir with the side choirs and a two-storey sacristy were built in the north. Under Emperor Friedrich III. Renovations and refurbishment took place in the 15th century. Among other things, the nave was equipped with the wooden statues of the twelve apostles. From 1588 to 1630 Melchior Khlesl was administrator of the diocese of Wiener Neustadt. He donated the early baroque pulpit. The late baroque high altar with the high altar painting by Gianbettino Cignaroli depicting the Assumption of Mary was inaugurated in 1776. After several earthquakes, the 64 meter high towers fell into disrepair in the 19th century. In 1886 they were demolished and rebuilt according to the old plans under the direction of the Viennese architect Richard Jordan from 1892 to 1899. From 1975 to 1999 the cathedral was completely renovated.
- Castle in Wiener Neustadt with the Theresian Military Academy and the St. George's Cathedral and the coat of arms: The Military Academy is the former castle of the sovereign or a four-tower castle from the 13th century. In the 15th century it was used as the residence of the Habsburg Friedrich III. expanded. In the middle of the 15th century, the St. George's Chapel was built into the west wing of the castle. It is a Gothic hall church with valuable glass paintings and a coat of arms. In 1459 the future Emperor Maximilian I was born in the castle and buried in the St. George's Chapel in 1519. In 1752 Maria Theresa designated the castle as the seat of the military academy she founded. During the Second World War, the military academy was almost completely destroyed. The castle and St. George's Cathedral were then rebuilt based on the old model.
- Collegiate Church with Barbara Chapel and Kreuzkapelle and Neukloster Abbey : It was originally founded in 1227 as a Dominican church and monastery through a foundation by Duke Leopold VI. With the arrival of the Cistercians from Rein under the abbot Heinrich Strenberger, the Neukloster monastery was founded under Duke Friedrich IV . Eleanor of Portugal , wife of Frederick III. and mother of Maximilian I was buried in the apse in 1467, where three of the imperial couple's children are also buried. Pope Pius VI traveled to Emperor Joseph II in 1782 and also visited the new monastery. 1793 was the Requiem of Mozart listed in the Collegiate Church, and for the first time in its original purpose as a requiem for the late wife of Count Walsegg . In 1881 the new monastery was merged with the Heiligenkreuz Abbey . The famous Gothic St. Mary's Altar ( Wiener Neustädter Altar ) was sold to the cathedral chapter of St. Stephen in Vienna in 1884 .
- Capuchin Church of St. Jakob and Capuchin Monastery : At the place where the Capuchins settled under Emperor Ferdinand II in 1623 , there was an old Minorite monastery from 1267, which had been abandoned and fallen into disrepair since the Reformation . The construction of the monastery, for which the foundation stone was laid on August 10, 1623, was financed by benefactors. On January 16, 1628, Cardinal Melchior Khlesl consecrated the still partially existing ( presbytery of the former Minorite Church) and renewed the church to its previous title in honor of St. Apostle James . In 1939 the parish was established. The house, which has been partially confiscated since 1941, was badly damaged by bombs, like the city at the end of the war. The so-called provincial wing was completely destroyed and the east wing was on the verge of collapse. In 1945 the monastery was returned to the order and restored. In 1973 the interior of the church was redesigned. On December 31, 1979 the parish was closed.
- War Hospital Church
- Church of the Redeemer
- Schmuckerau family church
- Suburban church hl. Leopold and Jesuit College: A church and a parsonage were built in 1737–1745 in the Wienervorstadt and given to the Jesuits . This building was donated by the Turkish family Zungaberg, who converted to Christianity. After the Jesuit order was abolished in 1773, the Jesuit college served as a military hospital, from 1904 to 1992 it housed the city museum, and since 1992 the city archive has been located in the baroque building.
- Evangelical Resurrection Church
- John of Nepomuk Chapel
Former religious buildings
- Teutonic order coming Wiener Neustadt
- Carmelite Church Wiener Neustadt
- Paulan monastery
- St. Peter an der Sperr : The former Dominican convent dates back to the 13th century, was handed over to the Dominicans in 1444 and rebuilt by the imperial builder Peter von Pusica in the second half of the 15th century. The monastery was secularized in the 16th century and the church in the 18th century . In 1966 the church was restored and has served as an exhibition space ever since. Together with an extension from 1992/93, the old monastery building has housed the city museum since 1994, one of the oldest museums in Lower Austria, which is firmly anchored in the cultural life of the city through changing special exhibitions, an extensive educational program and concerts.
- Evangelical Prayer House Wiener Neustadt , originally the First Synagogue Wiener Neustadt
Old town buildings
- Gothic arcades on the main square
- Remains of the city wall
- Reckturm : The Reckturm is the northwest corner tower of the city fortifications, which was built at the beginning of the 13th century. It used to be used to house instruments of torture. Since 1957 there has been a small museum in the Reckturm and since 1994 an exhibition of a private weapons collection.
- Marian column: The Marian column is located on the main square of the city and was built on behalf of the Wiener Neustadt bishop Leopold Graf Kollonitsch . It is intended to commemorate the weddings of Emperor Leopold I's sisters in 1678 in St. George's Church in Wiener Neustädter Castle.
- Spinner on the cross : The spinner on the cross is an impressive, Gothic pillar that was donated by the Wiener Neustädter city judge Wolfhart von Schwarzensee at the end of the 14th century. The creator of this 21 m high stone column was the ducal master builder Michael Knab .
- Water Tower : was 1909/10 water tower according to the plans of the Viennese architects Theiss and Jaksch built. The water tower, visible from afar, soon became the city's landmark.
- Archway of the former locomotive factory ( Raxwerke ) and the Fanny locomotive on Pottendorfer Strasse: the small locomotive was manufactured in the Wiener Neustädter Lokomotivfabrik in 1870 and used for internal transport until 1966. In 1973 it was erected as an industrial monument.
- Renaissance gate of the former imperial armory
- Baroque garden shed: “Sala terrena” from the end of the 17th century, built onto the medieval city wall, with interesting stucco on the walls and vaults.
- Biedermeier garden shed
- Villa Burkhard
- Cuckoo clock
Squares and parks
State exhibition 2019
Under the title " World in Motion - City.History.Mobility " , the Lower Austrian State Exhibition took place in Wiener Neustadt in 2019 . It showed the development of mobility from the Habsburgs to today.
Taking into account the surrounding Viennese Alps, the technical and pioneering history of the city was presented in the historical casemates and in the city museum. For this purpose, both the casemates and the city museum were redesigned.
There are a number of interesting museums to visit in the city:
- City Museum Wiener Neustadt with the exhibition room St. Peter an der Sperr and the tower museum in the cathedral
- City archive Wiener Neustadt in the former Jesuit college of the suburban church
- Aviaticum Aviation Museum - currently moving, opening around spring 2020
- Industrial District Museum
- Hospital museum
- Kurt Ingerl memorial room
- Mineralogical Museum
- Weapons and Torture Museum in the Reckturm
- Citizen Corps Museum
- Mineralogical Museum (?) Formerly in the Carmelite Church
- Museum of the Theresian Military Academy
- City Theater Wiener Neustadt
There used to be a number of cinemas in Wiener Neustadt, today there is only one, the Cineplexx Wiener Neustadt.
Austrian film is very centered on Vienna.
In 1995, the Spritzen-Karli series starred in Wiener Neustadt with Karl Merkatz and Hanno Pöschl , in which Merkatz played a firefighter. Wiener Neustadt is the birthplace of Karl Merkatz.
The international film festival Frontale , which ran from 2011 to 2017 in Wiener Neustadt, offered amateurs and film professionals a platform to show their skills and to compete with other filmmakers. The Frontale did not see itself as a mere place of film consumption, but also as a discourse platform between the audience, cineastes, filmmakers and actors. Until 2017 the event took place in the event location SUB, in 2017 it took place in the city theater . Festival director 2017 was the artistic director of the Stadttheater, Christoph Dostal . In 2018 the film festival was canceled. Festival co-founder Reinhard Astleithner, who had formed the director duo with Dostal since 2017, announced his resignation in June 2018. He was followed by the project and development team with volunteers, moderators and the festival jury.
The Austrian Film Archive published in 2019 in the series Austria in historical film documents the DVD Edition Lower Austria: Wiener Neustadt and the surrounding area , a collection of footage over a period of eight decades.
In November 2019 the FilTa film festival took place in the SUB . The Retina Ton Film Festival Wiener Neustadt is to take place at the end of August 2020 under the direction of Katharina Stemberger and her husband Fabian Eder , the mayor's garden and the city theater are planned as venues .
Learning and memorial sites
The Jewish Cemetery in Wiener Neustadt has been part of the series of Austrian memorials since 2009 :
Wiener Neustädter has received the official gazette since 1921. For some years now, this official journal has been called Allzeit Neu , which is supposed to be based on the city's nickname, Allzeit Faithful .
Youth / alternative culture
There are several institutions for young people in Wiener Neustadt: the Triebwerk youth and culture center and the SUB cultural center in the city center, which was created in 2012. The city of Wiener Neustadt also provided cultural local supplies with the “Megafon” platform (2009–2016). Due to austerity measures by the city government, “Megafon” was discontinued in 2016 and the Triebwerk youth and culture center was subjected to massive budget cuts.
sport and freetime
In Wiener Neustadt there are six football fields and the Wiener Neustädter Stadium in which SC Wiener Neustadt , the successor to the 1. Wiener Neustädter SC , plays its home games. The club played in the Austrian Bundesliga from the 2008/2009 season, but was bottom of the table in the 2014/15 season and was relegated to the second division. There are also SV Admira Wiener Neustadt , who also played in the Bundesliga in 1972/73, ESV Haidbrunn Wacker Wiener Neustadt and Club 83. Except for SC Wiener Neustadt, however, all clubs play in the last class, 2nd class Steinfeld.
Wiener Neustadt is connected to the European cycle network and there are parks everywhere. The city has a green lung, the academy park. There are dozen of tennis courts and fitness centers. In 2006 the world championship in military pentathlon was held in Wiener Neustadt in the academy park and some time ago the world championship was held at the shooting range in Föhrenwald.
Of the three former outdoor pools in Wiener Neustadt, only the academy pool remained. The Ungarbad was closed in 2006, the Volksbad in 2011. One of the most modern indoor adventure pools in Austria, the Aqua Nova, is located in the north-eastern industrial area of the city. There are also a few skate fields and a baseball field.
In the fun park in the city park, the bouldering block invites you to climb, and you can also play slacklining , football and basketball here . The fun park in Anton Wodica-Park is equipped with a volleyball and soccer field, table tennis tables and a fitness facility.
The Obststadt project works to ensure that fruit trees are planted on previously requested stands that are accessible to the public. The trees are entered in a fruit map.
- Fritz Angst, retired deputy mayor D. Reg. Council
- Ingeborg Friebe (Monheim / Rhein), retired mayor D.
- Arnold Grabner , former member of the National Council D.
- Klaus Schneeberger , member of the state parliament and mayor
- GR Canon Monsignor Prof. Heinrich Hahn
- Cons. Council Father Prior Mag. Johannes Vrbecky OCist
- Hans Wagner, Magistrate Director i. R.
- Peter Geyer, retired deputy mayor D.
- Holger Linhart, retired deputy mayor D.
- Traude Dierdorf, retired Mayor D.
- Karl Merkatz , actor
Daughters and sons
- Friedrich II. (1211–1246), called the arguable, last Babenberg duke
- Maximilian I (1459–1519), Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation
- Lorenz Luchsperger (1471–1501), sculptor
- Maximilian III (1558–1618), Grand Master of the Teutonic Order
- Jakob Andrä von Brandis (1569–1629), Governor of Tyrol
- Albrecht VII (1559–1621), regent of the Spanish Netherlands
- Leopold Wilhelm of Austria (1614–1662), Archduke and art collector
- Maria Anna of Austria (1634–1696) , Queen of Spain
- Vincenz Darnaut (1770–1821), clergyman, topographer and confessor of the emperor
- Hans Beirer (1911–1993), heroic tenor
- Johanna Beisteiner (* 1976), classical guitarist
- Elazar Benyoëtz (* 1937), writer
- Andrzej Bobkowski (1913–1961), Polish writer
- Herbert Breuer (1924–2014), photographer
- Madelaine Duke (1919–1996), writer
- Helmut Elsner (* 1935), bank manager
- Carl Fahringer (1874–1952), painter, graphic artist and illustrator
- Franz Fahrner (* 1956), clergyman, former military vicar general
- Thomas Freudensprung (1965–2011), actor
- Peter Fröhlich (1938–2016), actor
- Oliver Gattringer (* 1967), jazz musician
- Gerald Gradwohl (* 1967), fusion musician
- Joachim Gradwohl (* 1969), Chef of the Year
- Herwig Udo Graf (* 1940), architect
- Hans Gratzer (1941–2005), theater maker
- Heinz Habeler (1933–2017), technician and lepidopterologist
- Josef Matthias Hauer (1883–1959), composer and music theorist
- Hans Georg Heinke (* 1945), television presenter
- Raoul Herget (* 1957), music teacher and musician
- Julius Herrmann (1889–1977), military bandmaster
- Gusti Huber (1914–1993), actress
- Joe Jagersberger (1884–1952), Austro-American racing driver
- Kurt Jaggberg (1922–1999), actor
- Florian Jakowitsch (1923–2020), painter, draftsman and glass artist
- Johann Kirnbauer von Erzstätt (1854–1906), genealogist and heraldist
- Gretl Komposch (1923–2019), composer and choir director
- Stephan Koren (1919–1988), politician and economist
- Rudolf Kraus (* 1961), writer, poet and librarian
- Andrea Lehner-Hartmann (* 1961), Roman Catholic theologian and university professor
- Franz Leitner (1918– 2005), politician
- Johann Loschek (1845–1932), valet of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria-Hungary
- Constantin Luger (* 1981), musician
- Fritz Machlup (1902–1983), national economist
- Sabine Mandak (* 1956), member of the National Council
- Karl Merkatz (* 1930), actor
- Erich Mittenecker (1922–2018), psychologist
- Hugo Murero (1906–1968), basketball coach and sports journalist
- Wolfgang Murnberger (* 1960), director and screenwriter
- Heinz Ockermüller (1921–1994), set designer and film architect
- Alfred Ötsch (* 1953), manager
- Nikolaus Pacassi (1716–1790), court architect
- Ferry Porsche (1909–1998), entrepreneur and engineer
- Martin Preineder (* 1962), politician
- Louise Piëch (1904–1999), entrepreneur
- Lothar Rendulic (1887–1971), Colonel General of the Wehrmacht in World War II
- Andreas Rhoby (* 1974), Byzantinist and philologist
- Paul Rotterdam (* 1939), painter
- Peter Ruckenbauer (1939–2019), plant breeder
- August Sauer (1855–1926), literary scholar
- Johann Baptist Schenk (1753–1836), composer
- Werner Schlager (* 1972), table tennis player
- Georg Schreiber (1922–2012), historian and writer
- Hermann Schreiber (1920–2014), historian and writer
- Bettina Schwarz (* 1982), actress
- Walter Senarclens-Grancy (1907–1982), geologist and teacher in general secondary schools
- Waltraud Starck (* 1942), actress, director and theater manager
- Michael Stern (1897–1989), defense attorney and lawyer
- Karl Stix (1939–2003), Governor of Burgenland
- Michael Stocker (* 1983), grass skier
- Joseph P. Strelka (* 1927), Germanist
- Rudolf Striedinger (* 1961), military commander of Lower Austria
- Dominic Thiem (* 1993), tennis player
- Katharina Tiwald (* 1979), writer
- Leopold Ungar (1912–1992), President of Caritas in Austria
- Gernot Weitzl (1925–2004), German director and radio editor.
- Michael Weninger (* 1951), diplomat and clergyman
- Tanja Windbüchler-Souschill (* 1976), politician
- Franz Ziegler (1937–2016), university professor, real. Member of the Austrian Academy of Science
People related to Wiener Neustadt
- Friedrich III. (1415–1493)
- Eleanor of Portugal (d. 1467)
- Enea Silvio Piccolomini (also Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini ; 1405–1464), Italian clergyman, Pope Pius II.
- Andreas Baumkircher, Baron von Schlaining (died 1471)
- Niclas Gerhaert van Leyden (* around 1430 in Leiden, † 1473 in Wiener Neustadt), Dutch sculptor, was by Friedrich III. fetched
- Peter von Pusica (* around 1400 in Poland, † 1475 in Wiener Neustadt), an immigrant builder around 1439 in the service of Friedrich III.
- Johann Friedrich II of Saxony (1529–1595)
- Elisabeth of the Palatinate (1540–1594)
- Ludwig von Beethoven (1770–1827), titan of the classical period, spent a day in the custody of the police
- Bernhard Albrecht (1758–1822), Austrian painter and etcher, taught and worked in Wiener Neustadt, where he also died
- Friedrich von Flotow , (1812–1883), German opera composer, lived in Wiener Neustadt from 1870 to 1872
- Rudolf Krziwanek , Austrian court photographer, around 1900 co-owner of the Skutha & Krziwanek photo studio in Wiener Neustadt
- Alberich Rabensteiner (* 1875 in Villanders / South Tyrol, † 1945 in Wiener Neustadt), prior in the priory of Neukloster
- Josip Broz Tito (1892–1980), President of Yugoslavia from 1953 , lived in Neudörfl from 1912 to 1913 after he had found a job as a driver ( test driver ) at Daimler .
- Michael Haneke (* 1942 in Munich), Austrian film director and screenwriter, grew up in Wiener Neustadt
- Johann Culik (* 1946 in Stockerau), military commander of Lower Austria, worked and lives in Wiener Neustadt
- Udo Landbauer (* 1986 in Neunkirchen, Lower Austria), politician (FPÖ)
- State Clinic Wiener Neustadt with dialysis center
- District administration Wiener Neustadt
- Service Center of the Lower Austrian Regional Health Insurance Fund
- 4 post offices
- WN-TV - regional television station
- Municipal cemetery
- Arena Nova
- Aqua Nova
Barracks in Wiener Neustadt
- Theresian Military Academy / Daun Barracks
- Bechtolsheimkaserne (was abandoned in 2007 and sold in 2012)
- Maximilian barracks
- Barracks airfield
Fire brigade, rescue, police and judiciary
- Volunteer fire brigade Wiener Neustadt
- Red Cross Wiener Neustadt
- Police commissioner Wiener Neustadt as a branch of the state police department of Lower Austria
- City Police Command Wiener Neustadt with attached police inspections
- Training and operations center of the task force Cobra
- Wiener Neustadt tax office
- District and Regional Court of Wiener Neustadt
- Wiener Neustadt Prison
Biomass district heating
In January 1995, EVN Wärme took over the heating plant of the Wiener Neustadt Hospital and was planning the construction of a seven-kilometer long district heating network with a total connected load of around 38 megawatts and annual sales of around 55 gigawatt hours. At the end of the 1990s, a very large biomass heating plant was put into operation in Civitas Nova , which is integrated into the district heating network.
The district heating network in Wiener Neustadt was continuously expanded. Initially, the supply came from the hospital's heating center (natural gas). Up to a total consumption in the district heating network of five megawatts, all the energy is provided by the biomass heating plant. Almost all public buildings have been converted to biomass district heating so far, such as the European School, the old town hall, the Higher Education Institute for Fashion (HLM) and the Educational Institute for Kindergarten Education (BAKIP) and others. Just as many residential complexes could be converted to district heating, such as Adlergasse 3, Ferdinand-Porsche-Ring 1, Schlögelgasse 6 and others. Since 2010, additional biomass heat has been supplied from the FunderMax biomass cogeneration plant in Neudörfl to the Wiener Neustadt district heating network via a four-kilometer transport line.
Objects named after Wiener Neustadt
- Ferdinand Carl Boeheim : Chronicle of Wiener Neustadt. Mayer et Comp., Vienna 1830.
- City archive Wiener Neustadt: stone mason files .
- Peter Mertz and Manfred Seidl: Wiener Neustadt. The jewel in Lower Austria. Überreiter, Vienna, 2004, ISBN 3-8000-7074-X .
- Gertrud Gerhartl : Wiener Neustadt. History, art, culture, economy. 2nd edition, supplemented and expanded reprint of the 1st edition, Braumüller, Vienna 1993, ISBN 3-7003-1032-3 .
- Sylvia Hahn, Karl Flanner: "The Wiener Neustadt". Crafts, trade and the military in Steinfeldstadt . Böhlau, Vienna 1998, ISBN 3-205-98285-1 .
- Karl Flanner : Struggle for freedom. Resistance in the Wiener Neustadt area, 1938–1945. Everyday Association Verlag, Wiener Neustadt 2003, ISBN 3-902282-01-0 .
- Heinrich Güttenberger, Fritz Bodo: The south-eastern Lower Austria. Landeskundliche Bücherei, ed. H. Güttenberger, Vienna-Leipzig 1929
- Josef Heitzenberger: Wiener Neustadt - Local history hike . Bundesverlag, Vienna no year (around 1930)
- Rudolf Hutterer (photos), Franz Pinczolits (text and design): Wiener Neustadt (illustrated book for the city anniversary “800 years Wiener Neustadt” 1994). Weilburg Verlag, Wiener Neustadt, ISBN 3-8524-600-X .
- Franz Pinczolits: City Guide Wiener Neustadt. Kral Verlag, Berndorf 2019, ISBN 978-3-99024-782-2 .
- Franz Pinczolits: Lexicon of Wiener Neustädter street and alley names. Everyday life publishing house, Wiener Neustadt 2015, ISBN 978-3-902282-53-8 .
- Erwin Reidinger : Planning or coincidence. Wiener Neustadt 1192. Böhlau Verlag, Vienna 2001, numer. b / w. Fig., ISBN 3-205-99339-X .
- Michael Rosecker: Between provincial and international. The early world of workers' associations using the example of Wiener Neustadt. Everyday Association Verlag, Wiener Neustadt 2002, ISBN 3-902282-00-2 .
- Werner Sulzgruber: The Jewish community Wiener Neustadt. From its beginnings to its destruction. Mandelbaum Verlag, Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-85476-163-5 .
- Werner Sulzgruber: The dying city. From life in Wiener Neustadt from 1933 to 1938. Economic situation - social policy - everyday images. Everyday Association Verlag, Wiener Neustadt 2006, ISBN 3-902282-06-1 .
- Werner Sulzgruber: The Jewish Wiener Neustadt. History and evidence of Jewish life from the 13th to the 20th century. Mandelbaum Verlag, Vienna 2010, ISBN 978-3-85476-343-7 .
- Werner Sulzgruber: Lifelines. Jewish families and their fates. A biographical journey into the past of Wiener Neustadt. Berger Verlag, Vienna / Horn 2013, ISBN 978-3-85028-557-5 .
- Werner Sulzgruber: November pogrom 1938. The Reichskristallnacht in Wiener Neustadt and the region. Background - developments - consequences. TOWN, Wr. Neustadt 2013, ISBN 978-3-85028-631-2 .
- 30401 - Wiener Neustadt. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Magistrate of the City of Wiener Neustadt
- Web link to the history of Wiener Neustadt
- Web link on Jewish history
- Diversity and Coexistence Unit, MA-7
- Contemporary history Wiener Neustadt
- Wiener Neustadt - Geography, Economics, Statistics | Similio. In: simil.io. Similio, accessed July 23, 2020 .
- "Heideansiedlung" and "Civitas Nova": Wiener Neustadt gets two new districts! ( Memento from April 8, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) In: wiener-neustadt.gv.at, November 23, 2007
- Statistics Austria: Population on 1.1.2019 according to census district (area status 1.1.2019) , ( XLS )
- Karl Flanner : From the club settlement to Josefstadt. The history of the first workers' building cooperative in 1869. Gutenberg publishing house, Wiener Neustadt 1979.
- wetter-neustadt.at - Klimainfos ( Memento from December 12, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- weather in Wiener Neustadt ( page no longer available , search in web archives: wetter-neustadt.at )
- The area of the county comprised roughly the area of today's districts Wiener Neustadt and Neunkirchen . Until the 16th century, the county of Pitten was part of the Duchy of Styria.
- Gerhartl, Wiener Neustadt, p. 3.
- Erwin Reidinger : Urban planning in the high Middle Ages: Wiener Neustadt - Marchegg - Vienna. , in: Ferdinand Opll , Christoph Sonnlechner: European cities in the Middle Ages. In the series: research and contributions to the history of the city of Vienna. Edited by the Association for the History of the City of Vienna . . StudienVerlag Innsbruck-Vienna-Bozen. Volume 52, Vienna 2010. ISBN 978-3-7065-4856-4 . Pp. 167-168.
- Erwin Reidinger: Orientation of medieval churches . In: Office of the Lower Austrian State Government (Ed.): Gestalte (n). The magazine for building, architecture and design . N ° 139, March 2013, p. 43–47 ( noe-gestalten.at [accessed on September 21, 2014]). P. 46.
- Gerhartl, Wiener Neustadt, p. 8 ff.
- Gerhartl, Wiener Neustadt, p. 15 f. The Leopoldinum , a town charter allegedly from the time from 1221 to 1230 for the Neustadt from the time of Rudolf von Habsburg, is a forgery.
- Gerhartl, Wiener Neustadt, p. 17.
- Sonja Knotek: Mayors write history, rastundruh.heimat.eu, viewed on January 16, 2017
- Chronicle of Wiener Neustadt, Volume 2
- Gerhartl, Wiener Neustadt, p. 11.
- Werner Sulzgruber: The history of the Jewish community in Wiener Neustadt (website of the cultural journal DAVID , accessed on January 21, 2008)
- from Güttenberger H., F. Bodo. South-eastern Lower Austria. Vienna 1929 (excerpt with various maps)
- J (ohann) M (ichael) Grienwaldt: The fire of Wiener-Neustadt . Wiener Zeitung, Vienna 1835. - Full text online .
- Gerhartl, p. 381 ff.
- Gerhartl, pp. 397, 405 f.
- Air raid on Wiener Neustadt on October 1, 1943 , website regiowiki.at, accessed on November 22, 2014
- An aerial photo for the state before that can be found on p. 2 at Heißenberger J .: Heimatkundliche Wander-Wr.Neustadt. no year - approx. 1930
- Werner Sulzgruber, History of the Jewish Community in Wiener Neustadt (accessed on July 2, 2017)
- Article on orf.at noe.orf.at (accessed on July 2, 2017) Stalin must have known about Wiener Neustadt from his stay in Vienna.
- Basic information ( memento of December 30, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) from MedAustron (PDF), February 2017 (accessed on July 2, 2017)
- Wiener Neustadt - Lower Austria - Geography, Economics, Statistics | Similio. Retrieved March 14, 2020 .
- wiener-neustadt.gv.at ( Memento from April 14, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- Election result of the municipal council election 2000 in Wiener Neustadt. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, April 2, 2000, accessed October 1, 2019 .
- Result of the 2005 municipal council elections in Wiener Neustadt. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 6, 2005, accessed on October 1, 2019 .
- Election result of the municipal council election 2010 in Wiener Neustadt. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 14, 2010, accessed on October 1, 2019 .
- Election result of the 2015 municipal council election in Wiener Neustadt. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, January 25, 2015, accessed October 1, 2019 .
- Result of the municipal council- Wiener Neustadt. January 26, 2020, accessed January 30, 2020 .
- The City Senate
- Constituent meeting of the Wiener Neustädter Municipal Council. In: wn24.at. Retrieved February 26, 2020 .
- Wiener Neustadt: the new colorful city government is in place. In: wn24.at. Retrieved February 26, 2020 .
- Local council election on January 25, 2015 ( Memento from January 28, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Change of power in Wr. Neustadt. In: noe.orf.at. February 15, 2015, accessed October 26, 2018 .
- Amtsweg.gv.at - Local e-form service. Retrieved February 21, 2015 .
- Forms. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on February 28, 2015 ; accessed on February 21, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Company in Wiener Neustadt - Austria | Similio. Retrieved March 14, 2020 .
- Wiener Neustadt - Lower Austria - Geography, Economics, Statistics | Similio. Retrieved March 14, 2020 .
- Marienmarkt as a competitor to shopping centers orf.at, April 30, 2017, accessed on April 30, 2017.
- orf.at: State exhibition means "World in Motion" . Article from January 19, 2018, accessed on January 20, 2018.
- Super User: Wiener Neustadt - Lower Austria State Exhibition 2019 in Wiener Neustadt. (No longer available online.) In: www.wiener-neustadt.at. Archived from the original on June 28, 2016 ; accessed on June 28, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- loxn.org ( Memento from October 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- Franz Lange; From Vienna to the Adriatic, ISBN 3-89702-621-X .
- Primary schools ( Memento from May 2, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) In: bsrwn.lsr-noe.gv.at
- General and vocational middle and high schools ( Memento from February 11, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) In: wiener-neustadt.gv.at (District School Council Wr. Neustadt Stadt)
- Wiener Neustadt - Josef Matthias Hauer Music School . Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- Words of the management ( Memento from January 10, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Structural change at the public law conservatories in Austria as a result of the Bologna Process - three examples:…. . Diploma thesis 2008, accessed on May 20, 2015.
- MedAustron website
- List of milestones ( Memento of February 12, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) MedAustron
- orf.at: Security school should start in autumn . Article dated June 14, 2019, accessed June 14, 2019.
- TFZ Wiener Neustadt - focus. ( Memento of the original from June 12, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved June 11, 2015
- DEHIO Lower Austria (south of the Danube) Part 2 MZ: Die Kunstdenkmäler Österreichs , Berger Horn publishing house / Vienna, 2003, ISBN 978-3-85028-365-6
- Propstei- und Hauptpfarre Wiener Neustadt ( Memento from December 8th 2011 in the Internet Archive ) The building of the cathedral of Wiener Neustadt, accessed on September 28th, 2009.
- Regional Austria: The cuckoo clock is currently being renovated . In: mein district.at . ( mein district.at [accessed on February 21, 2018]).
- dade.at Tadashi Kawamata : sidewalk, art action 1996th
- Museums ( Memento from March 28, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) In: wiener-neustadt.gv.at
- Museum of the Theresian Military Academy. In: www.austria4kids.at. Retrieved July 9, 2016 .
- The Frontale Film Festival on WN24
- orf.at: Frontale in the Wiener Neustadt City Theater . Article dated September 28, 2017, accessed September 28, 2017.
- orf.at: “Frontale” will not take place this year . Article dated September 20, 2018, accessed September 21, 2018.
- Filmarchiv Austria: Edition Lower Austria: Wiener Neustadt and Surroundings . Retrieved May 13, 2019.
- FilTa film days in Wiener Neustadt were "a complete success". In: wn24.at. November 26, 2019, accessed November 27, 2019 .
- Wiener Neustadt has a new film festival: "FilTa". In: wn24.at. September 23, 2019, accessed September 24, 2019 .
- Mathias Schranz: Presentation: Wiener Neustadt gets a new film festival. In: Niederösterreichische Nachrichten . October 18, 2019, accessed October 19, 2019 .
- Premiere for "Retina Ton Film Festival". In: ORF.at . July 3, 2020, accessed July 3, 2020 .
- Jewish community accessed on April 3, 2015
- Mission Statement. In: sub.at. Retrieved October 2, 2019 .
- megafon-wn.at ( Memento of the original from October 29, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Oxford Index - Peter von Pusica (c. 1400-1475) . Accessed January 1, 2015.
- Udo Landbauer also returns as a councilor . Article dated February 11, 2019, accessed February 11, 2019.
- energy.rochester.edu ( Memento from February 26, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Morris A. Pierce, district energy historian and energy manager, University of Rochester; As of June 10, 2010.
- klimabuendnis.at Climate Alliance; Report of the activities of the City of Wiener Neustadt from October 2007; As of June 10, 2010.
- EVN opens first district heating pipeline from Burgenland to Lower Austria (accessed on December 30, 2010)