Football Bundesliga (Austria)
|Full name||tipico Bundesliga|
|Association||Austrian Football League Association|
|master||FC Red Bull Salzburg (14th title)|
|Record champions||Since 1911/12: SK Rapid Wien (32)|
|Record player||Robert Sara (581)|
|Record scorer||Robert Dienst (323)|
|Qualification for||UEFA Champions League , UEFA Europa League|
↓ 2nd division (II)
The Bundesliga is the top division in Austrian football . Since the 1911/12 season, a football championship was held in Austria under the title First Class according to the league system ; it has been carried out with almost no mode changes since then.
This does not apply to their area of distribution: in the early decades up to the dissolution of the ÖFB in 1938 it was officially the championship of Lower Austria including Vienna , later only Vienna. Unlike in the neighboring DFB , there were no finals with the other regional champions. However, the Viennese champions were regarded as “the” Austrian champions at an early stage and consistently, which was also an option because of the strength of the league and was internationally accepted. But even after the first renaming to the National League in the mid-1930s, no clubs outside of Vienna continued to play. Until before the 1949/50 season, the professional league (since 1924) was run to the exclusion of teams outside Vienna and Lower Austria (with the exception of the Gauliga 1938 to 1945), which is why an Austrian football league has only existed since this season. Up to and including the 1964/65 season, this league was called the State League or League A , then it was called the National League . The 1974/75 introduced Bundesliga bears the name sponsor since 2014/15 tipico -Bundesliga . The Austrian champions will be determined from among the twelve participating clubs and, in addition to the ÖFB Cup, starting places for the European Cup competitions will be played out.
A new mode came into effect from the 2018/19 season. Since then, 12 teams have been playing, initially competing against each other in 22 championship rounds. After 22 match days, the points of each team will be halved and the championship will continue in two separate groups. The top six teams play for the championship title and the international starting places, while the bottom teams play against the last place, which means fixed relegation. A novelty also for leagues with split modes is the possibility of being represented internationally as the winner of the relegation group. For example, the winner of the relegation group (7th place) plays in a play-off for the Europa League qualification against the club in the championship group that has the lowest ranking that still qualifies for the Europa League.
Due to the placement in the five-year ranking of UEFA , the European Cup places are awarded in the Bundesliga. Due to the changing results of Austrian clubs in the European Cup competitions, the number of starting places in the Champions League and the Europa League changes frequently.
Association "Austrian Soccer League" - alignment
The Austrian Football League is an independent, registered association and was admitted to the ÖFB as the tenth full member on December 1, 1991 . The club bears responsibility and is the host or organizer for the championships of the two top divisions in Austria. In addition, the Bundesliga is jointly responsible for the implementation of the youth football league and, in cooperation with the clubs, represents professional football in Austria. The 20 clubs in the Bundesliga and the First League are full members of the association. Externally, the Bundesliga is represented by the executive board , supported by an office. This supports the supervisory board in the operational implementation. Each club in the two professional leagues is represented in general meetings and club conferences; in these, resolutions are passed in all matters relating to the Bundesliga.
The Senate of the Bundesliga consists of voluntary and non-club members:
- The Senate 1 (also criminal committee is called) for yellow-card suspensions, the standings of the championship games and responsible for exclusions.
- The Senate 2 (Arbitration and Control) functions as mediator in differences between the regular members.
- The Senate 3 (stadium and security committee) is responsible for all infrastructure and safety concerns.
- The determination of the economic efficiency for the granting of a license for the two professional leagues is carried out in the first instance by the Senate 5 , the Bundesliga license committee.
The protest committee can appeal against the decisions of the senate. The decision of the protest committee can also be appealed against by the permanent, neutral arbitration tribunal .
The Austrian Football League, in cooperation with the clubs, is responsible for the positive development of top-class football and for introducing the next generation to competitive sport . The Bundesliga sees economic controlling of the clubs (licensing procedure), the introduction of a separate law for professional football, TV marketing, central sponsorship activities and joint marketing activities for all clubs as a means for this. Although the “Österreichische Fußball-Bundesliga” association organizes both the first-class Bundesliga and the second-class 2nd division, only the first-class Bundesliga is described below. For a detailed overview of the development of the second level in Austria, see Article 2. League .
The Austrian Football League has changed its name several times in its history, usually this was intended to emphasize a certain innovation in the system. The founding name was first class, which was changed to the first division with the introduction of professional football in 1924. In 1936, with the transition to a mixed professional and semi-professional system in favor of the provincial teams, the name was changed to the National League. During the Second World War, the league was not closed by the National Socialists, but renamed several times. After the end of the war, the ÖFB first decided to use the simple name of the league, which was changed after the formation of league B as a substructure to league A - mostly transformed into a league. Reforms brought further name changes, initially again in 1965 National League and in 1974 Bundesliga for the first time. The initially deliberate reference to the German league was restricted again two years later as the 1st division. It was only after a new reform in 1993 that the league was renamed the Bundesliga again. In 1997 the Bundesliga was given a sponsor name for the first time. The mobile communications company max.mobil gave the league its name. After the group was taken over by Deutsche Telekom in 2003, the seasons were officially played under the name T-Mobile Bundesliga . The sponsorship agreement, which was originally for 3.5 million euros per year, was reduced somewhat in 2005. Associated with this was a ban on advertising for other mobile phone companies as club sponsors. The contract expired in 2008.
Since the 2008/09 season, the betting company tipp3 entered into a new cooperation agreement with T-Mobile Austria. From the 2008/09 season the Bundesliga with sponsor name was thus called tipp3-Bundesliga powered by T-Mobile .
From the ÖFU championship to the first class of the ÖFV
|ÖFU League (Tagblatt Cup)|
In 1894, the first football competition under the rules of the English FA took place in Austria between First Vienna FC 1894 and the Vienna Cricket and Football Club . Just three years later, the Challenge Cup , the first cup competition in which all Austria-Hungary clubs could take part, was announced. In addition to this competition, the Austrian Football Union, founded in 1900 by Mark Nicholson , had the goal of introducing its own championship competition based on table format. Even in its founding year, the ÖFU managed to win over all of the Austrian football clubs that were important at the time for this project. The clubs WAC , Cricketer , Vienna , Wiener FC 1898 and Victoria were divided into the first class , with the latter starting voluntarily in the second class for the time being. The newspaper “ Neues Wiener Tagblatt ” was able to be won as a sponsor for a championship trophy , which is why the first Austrian football championship is now known in football literature as the Tagblatt Cup , although the championship medals awarded at the time bore the official title “Championship of the ÖFU” . The Austrian Union Championship was held for four seasons, with the last season not ending. All three championships were won by the WAC , whereby the trophy titled as a challenge cup, as stipulated in the statutes, passed into the possession of the three-time winner.
The union championship was ruined by the stubbornness of the clubs. The Vienna and Cricketer both left the association and joined the new ÖFV on January 17, 1904 . Since numerous clubs followed the two major clubs, this meant the end of the ÖFU, which dissolved on January 24, 1904. The reason for leaving the association was an alleged preference for the WAC by the association. Cricketer had become runner-up behind the WAC in 1901, with the decisive game being whistled too early. For this reason, the club had already stayed away from the championship in the 1902 season. Vienna, runner-up in 1903, complained that the opponent had used an unauthorized player in their decisive game. The club surprisingly lost 3-1 to Graphia on the last day of the match , which meant that the WAC overtook Döblinger in the table. The ÖFV, now the sole Austrian football association, attempted to establish its own championship in 1906, which, however, came to a standstill in the first season due to the association disputes. The clubs WAC, Vienna, Cricketer, Rapid , Sportvereinigung , Graphia, Victoria and Germania took part in the first division championship, whereby all first division clubs except Vienna gradually withdrew from the championship during the championship. The ÖFV had declared participation in the championship as voluntary, but the championship games brought far smaller spectator numbers than international friendlies, so that most of the clubs soon lost interest in the championship round.
In 1911 a new attempt was made to establish an Austrian football championship. The driving force here was the President of the Lower Austrian Football Association Ignaz Abeles , to whom the competition was subsequently handed over. The year 1911 for the creation of a championship competition resulted from a favorable starting position, because almost all major Viennese clubs had got into financial difficulties and were therefore almost dependent on the money from the compulsory championship games. In addition, numerous players left the WAC who founded a new club with the WAF , but Cricketer also lost the majority of his players, who in turn founded the Wiener Amateur-SV . Unlike its predecessors, the first Austrian football championship in 1911/12 met with great interest from the population and the media. The first match was played on September 3, 1911 between the sports club and Rudolfshügel (4: 1), the first goal scorer was Willy Schmieger . Rapid was able to become first champion of the ÖFV before Sport-Club.
The first professional league on the European continent
( NÖFV )
( DAFV )
|ÖFV: First class|
|1911/12||SK Rapid Vienna||-||-||DSV Troppau||-|
|1912/13||SK Rapid Vienna||DFC Prague||SK Sturm Graz||DSV Troppau||KS Cracovia|
|1913/14||Vienna AF||DFC Prague||SK Sturm Graz||DSV Troppau||KS Cracovia|
|1914/15||Vienna AC||discontinued during the First World War|
|1915/16||SK Rapid Vienna|
|1916/17||SK Rapid Vienna||DFC Prague||discontinued during the First World War|
|1917/18||Floridsdorfer AC||discontinued during the First World War|
|1918/19||SK Rapid Vienna||-||SK Sturm Graz||-||-|
At the time of the first staging of the new ÖFV championship, the empire did not only consist of today's Austria. Not only in the heartland of that time, but also in other areas for which the ÖFV had its own sub-associations, championships were organized in table mode from 1912 onwards. Won the first Austrian championship of NFV Rapid, so won the first Polish competition of KS Cracovia . The Silesian-Moravian Federation found its first winner in DSV Troppau , in Bohemia the DFC Prague won . In 1913, a provincial championship was announced for the first time for Austrian provincial clubs that did not want to take part in the main competition, which SC Germania Schwechat won. After the great popularity of the Austrian football league in its early years, it had to be ended for the time being in 1914 due to the outbreak of the First World War . Finally, the association and clubs agreed to continue the championships during the war, in return, the relegation rule was suspended for this period. This meant that all first division clubs always remain in the top division, but the second division champions could not be promoted. After the end of the First World War, football increasingly gained a foothold outside of the greater Vienna area. In 1919/20 a small regional championship of the new football association for Upper Austria and Salzburg was announced for the first time, just one season later the Styrian football association did the same.
|ÖFV (NFV): First class|
|1919/20||SK Rapid Vienna|
|1920/21||SK Rapid Vienna|
|1921/22||Viennese sports club|
|1922/23||SK Rapid Vienna|
|ÖFB (WFV): First class|
|1923/24||Viennese amateur SV|
|1924/25||SC Hakoah Vienna|
|ÖFB (WFV): I. League|
|1925/26||Viennese amateur SV|
|1926/27||SK Admira Vienna|
|1927/28||SK Admira Vienna|
|1928/29||SK Rapid Vienna|
|1929/30||SK Rapid Vienna|
|1930/31||First Vienna FC 1894|
|1931/32||SK Admira Vienna|
|1932/33||First Vienna FC 1894|
|1933/34||SK Admira Vienna|
|1934/35||SK Rapid Vienna|
|1935/36||SK Admira Vienna|
|1936/37||SK Admira Vienna|
|ÖFB (WFV): National League|
|1937/38||SK Rapid Vienna|
Meanwhile, the development of football in Vienna went one step further. After the league could be carried out again under normal circumstances after the end of the war, a pseudo-amateurism increasingly spread. A first star cult developed - the most famous example was Pepi Uridil , who played in films and with whose name Uridil beer and Uridil sweets were sold. In addition, the players were usually paid high bonuses, with which the amateurs succeeded in luring the famous Hungarian players Jeno and Kálmán Konrád and Alfréd Schaffer to Vienna . In order to remedy the problem of pseudo-amateurism, a pure professional league was finally set up under pressure from ÖFB association captain Hugo Meisl in 1924 , which was the first professional championship operation outside of Great Britain. The clubs of the first and second performance level were obliged to pay their players a fixed salary. The first professional Austrian soccer champion was Hakoah , who at that time also owned the “most expensive” team in the league.
The Mitropacup , the forerunner of the European Cup, which was held from 1927 onwards, served as a financial injection for the large clubs . This era was the most successful time of the Austrian football league, which was one of the top European leagues internationally. Austrian teams were able to triumph in the Mitropacup four times, in 1931 there was even a purely Austrian final between the WAC and Vienna , while the national team made a name for itself as a miracle team . Above all, small earners at the clubs were courted internationally by younger professional leagues; In France alone, there were almost 100 players in Division 1 until the beginning of World War II .
Until 1936, the separation between Austrian professional football and amateur football also meant a separation between Vienna and the federal states. The football amateurs in the federal states have so far taken part in the amateur state championship together with Viennese amateur teams . Only in competitive matches did the Viennese professionals meet in the ÖFB Cup , although this opportunity was rarely used by the regional associations. Only the Styrian and Upper Austrian associations sent their national champions into the race for the Austrian Cup. In order to take account of the unexpected successes of Austrian football amateurs at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, where they won the silver medal for Austria, the Vienna Association made increased efforts to set up clubs from the federal states - especially from the large cities of Linz and Graz - to be integrated into professional football. A committee was formed under the leadership of Leo Schidrowitz , the aim of which was the formation of a semi-professional national league. As the first new club for this national league, SK Sturm Graz could be won, which was approved for participation in the relegation games for the 1937/38 season , but failed there at 1. Simmeringer SC.
Period of National Socialism and post-war championships
|ÖFB (WFV): League|
|1945/46||SK Rapid Vienna|
|1946/47||SC Wacker Vienna|
|1947/48||SK Rapid Vienna|
|1948/49||FK Austria Vienna|
|Gauliga: Division class 17 (Sport-Gau 17)|
|1938/39||SK Admira Vienna|
|1939/40||SK Rapid Vienna|
|1940/41||SK Rapid Vienna|
|1941/42||First Vienna FC 1894|
|1942/43||First Vienna FC 1894|
|1943/44||First Vienna FC 1894|
|1944/45||Season was not finished|
The annexation of Austria to the German Reich in 1938 meant the temporary end of the Austrian championship. Numerous clubs were dissolved and players had to flee abroad before the regime. The Austrian National League was incorporated into the NSRL game system and as Gau XVII subordinated to Gaufachwart Hans Janisch. Professionalism, unworthy of a German man in the opinion of the National Socialists, was abolished on May 31, 1938, "innovations" such as the obligatory Hitler salute before and after the game were introduced and the youth operations of the HJ clubs were transferred. The league as such remained over the years as the championship of the Danube-Alpine region, however, the I. League was replaced by the new district classes. The games with teams from the "Altreich" were mostly characterized by arguments. The highlight was the riots during the game Schalke 04-Admira, which after a dubious referee performance had led to fights with the police and led to Gauleiter Baldur von Schirach's car tires being punctured .
The National Socialist regime tried to keep the game going until March 1945, but the last championship was canceled and later declared as unofficial by the ÖFB. After the end of the Second World War, the first round of the Austrian championship was held on September 1, 1945, which took place with considerable difficulty due to the division of Vienna into four zones of occupation. The championship was held under the simple name of the league under provisional amateur status and provided for a team from the Vienna first class and a provincial team in the promotion conditions. This was rejected by the regional associations and therefore a federal state cup was started in 1947 , to which each of the nine Austrian regional associations was allowed to send a team. The attractiveness of this competition suffered greatly from the dominance of the respective participant from Vienna, so that he was overturned after the reform of the league in 1949.
Professionalism in Eastern Austria
On July 31, 1949, the ÖFB unanimously decided to reintroduce professionalism in Eastern Austria. The league was given into the care of the Austrian State Football League Association and transferred to League A and League B, which included the region of Vienna, Lower Austria, Burgenland, Styria and Upper Austria. This made it possible to connect the then soccer center Vienna with the other progressive cities of Graz and Linz. The amateur teams from western Austria were also given a place in the qualification.
Especially in this A-League with 14 teams and taking into account the local disparities in Austria, both the Austrian clubs and the national team were able to celebrate great successes internationally. In 1953 there were six players and one coach from Austria in the FIFA World Cup. At the end of their careers, the leading players were allowed to switch to foreign clubs from the age of 30. In 1960 it was decided to dissolve the B-League and it was replaced by the three regional leagues East, Middle and West with amateur status. The new climbers proved to be too weak for the A-League, with both the clubs and the national team suffered a strong relapse internationally during this period. After five years in a row no team had made it past the second European Cup round and the national team had missed the World Cup qualification for the first time in 1966 , the league was reformed.
Era of reforms and today's development
As early as 1964, Federal Captain and Austria Manager Josef Walter had developed a comprehensive concept as a ten-point program for the reorganization of the national league based on the model of the new German Bundesliga , which for example provided for accounting according to commercial criteria, an audit and a location with at least 30,000 inhabitants. Some requirements were implemented by the ÖFB for the 1965/66 season , above all the dissolution of the Austrian State Football League association and the stricter separation between amateur and contract players. Josef Walter, however, distanced himself from what he believed to be a watered-down reform. The national league, which soon comprised 16 teams, was unable to solve the previous problems very much. Furthermore, too weak teams from the regional leagues were washed up, but at least internationally, minor progress could be made again. The lifting of the ban on foreign engagements for Austrian players, with which the association originally wanted to prevent the A-League from falling further, had a positive effect on the national team.
Almost a decade late, the originally drafted plans were further developed and all of them actually implemented for the 1974/75 season . The driving force came from Lower Austria. The Admira Wacker managing director Rudolf Matuschka is trying to implement the Bundesliga reform together with the NÖFV president Karl Beck. The heavily controversial reform brought four compulsory relegations and a reduction to ten clubs, but at the same time again a professional nationwide national league as a second level. Ultimately, however, the reform of the Bundesliga was passed on April 21, 1974 in Vienna with a clear majority. The Bundesliga, soon under the new name “1. Division ”became a successful model. The national team was able to place itself among the eight best teams in both the 1978 and 1982 World Cups , while Austria reached the final in the 1978 European Cup and the semi-finals in 1979 and 1983, and Rapid 1985 also reached the final.
Under pressure from the representatives of smaller clubs, the momentous decision was made on May 16, 1982 to increase the First Division back to 16 teams. In the longer term, this turned out to be a negative impulse; League President Reitinger said later that it was a mistake to have conveyed the wishes of the clubs and not fought them. The way back to the ten league led via the compromise solution play-off system, in which the first and second divisions were merged. Ultimately, in 1993 came the return to the former Bundesliga, which has now been subordinate to its own association with the Austrian Football League since 1991. After the last high of top football with the European Cup finals in Austria Salzburg in 1994 and Rapid in 1996 , the growing financial discrepancy with other countries became a growing problem. The clubs have been hiring legionnaires since the Bosman decision . From the original 33 foreign players in 1995, this number tripled by 2004 in order to save training costs. Targeted financial support for the next generation was able to reverse this development. Regardless of this, the financial burden not only led to bankruptcies among smaller professional teams with the bankruptcies at FC Tirol, Sturm Graz and GAK but also to a financial crash for three championship clubs in just a few years.
In the 1985/86 season , the mode was replaced by a play-off mode. However, this only lasted eight seasons before the association resorted to the tried and tested system. Up to this period only the number of clubs (8 to 17) and, in this context, the number of relegation places fluctuated. Relegation games (1912 and 1913, 1943, 1960, 1984 and 1994 to 1998) were also played at times . A momentous change was the regulation of the preference of a team in the event of a tie. Originally, the number of wins and not the goal difference was important here, which, among other things, led to a different champion (WAF instead of Rapid) at the championship in 1914 than under today's rule.
On December 7th, 2009 the previous Bundesliga president Martin Pucher was replaced by Styrian Hans Rinner , who was elected by 19 of the 20 clubs and received 75 of a total of 80 possible votes. The first vice-president at Rinner's side is the manager and CFO of FK Austria Wien, Markus Kraetschmer. The current head of the Red Bull legal department, Volker Viechtbauer, is the representative of the Bundesliga as the top division. Also on the board are the second vice-president Gerhard Stocker and the representative of the second-class first division, Hubert Nagel, who is also president of the second division club SC Austria Lustenau . Furthermore, it was decided to expand the supervisory board from five to eight people.
Until the 2017/18 season, ten clubs played a double championship round with home and away games during a championship year, which was divided into an autumn and spring season, which means that each team competed four times against each other team in the course of a season. A championship year usually lasted from July of one year to June of the following calendar year and extended to 36 championship rounds with five games each. Traditional game times were Saturday evening and Sunday afternoon. The bottom of the table in the Austrian soccer league had to relegate to the second-rate first division , in return the champions of the first division rose directly to the Bundesliga. The champions were the team that was in first position at the end of the 36 game days; in the event of a tie, the better goal difference decides.
In May 2016 it was decided that the Bundesliga would be increased to 12 clubs from the 2018/19 season. The new mode was set in December 2016. This stipulates that after the basic round with 22 match days (two times each against each other) the points are halved and the league is divided into a championship group (consisting of the top 6) and a qualification group (places 7-12). Within these groups, the teams play against each other twice again. It is also planned that the 1st of the qualification group will play 2 relegation games for the last European Cup place against the 3rd or 4th of the champions group. The second division will be increased to 16 teams from 2018/19, with professional and amateur clubs being admitted. This concept was called the "transition league" by representatives of the Bundesliga at the press conference. In the first division there will still be one relegated, in the second division there will be three relegated members.
Clubs of the Bundesliga 2019/20
A total of twelve clubs take part in the Austrian Bundesliga. Despite their high sales volume, these clubs are generally constituted as associations within the meaning of the Association Act 2002. Some business areas of FC Red Bull Salzburg have been outsourced to Salzburg Sport GmbH , which is wholly owned by Red Bull GmbH ; however, the professional team continues to be run by the club itself. On July 1, 2008, FK Austria Wien AG , which was founded on January 29, commenced operations.
To this day, the establishment of a stock corporation is considered difficult to implement, as the financial crash at Rapid-Finanz AG is still having an impact today. After a board member in the USA was arrested for money laundering in connection with game transfers, this initially triggered a financial crisis as well as a high level of image damage, which ultimately ended in the 1994 bankruptcy proceedings.
Historically, there are clubs in the Bundesliga that have spent several decades in the top division of Austria. Fixed components of the league are the Viennese clubs Rapid and Austria , both of which have been represented in every championship season since 1911 and together can claim 55 championship titles. There is the greatest rivalry in Austrian football between the two clubs, in which numerous clichés are also widespread. Rapid is regarded as a workers' association that is best known for its militant attitude. Austria is seen as a civil club, known for its elegant game. In addition to Vienna with 34 first division clubs, several Bundesliga clubs were also able to establish themselves side by side in Graz with four and Linz with three clubs. Graz currently only has one Bundesliga club with Sturm , Linz is currently only represented in the Bundesliga by LASK . The most successful club in recent history is FC Red Bull Salzburg , which emerged from Salzburg Austria in 2005 after the takeover of Red Bull. While Austria won three championship titles in the 1990s, Red Bull has won the championship eleven times since 2007. The westernmost club has been SCR Altach since the 2014/15 season , which represents the state of Vorarlberg in the Bundesliga. With FC Admira Wacker Mödling , another club with a great past has been back in the Bundesliga since 2011. The remaining Bundesliga clubs have only recently been participating in the league. With Altach , Wolfsberg , St. Pölten and Mattersburg, these are teams from comparatively smaller cities.
According to a study by Sport + Markt, the long-standing Bundesliga clubs Rapid (770,000), Austria (370,000) and Sturm (320,000) also have the largest following in Austria. While historically successful clubs rely on a broad fan base and market themselves as traditional clubs, the club management at Red Bull, for example, consciously integrates football as part of an entertainment system. In the first-mentioned clubs, larger Ultrà groups could sometimes develop, although the use of Bengal fires and smoke-generating objects in choreographies is not permitted by the Bundesliga.
At the moment (2019/20 season) all federal states are represented in the Bundesliga. The two major cities of Innsbruck and Klagenfurt currently have no club in the Bundesliga. Of Austria's most successful national and international clubs, the Vienna , the Wiener Sport-Club and the GAK , which have won a total of ten championship titles, are missing . An overview of all clubs that have ever played in the Bundesliga can be found in the list of Austrian first division football clubs and the all-time Bundesliga table .
Currently represented are:
|society||Seat||Participation since||Stadium radio|
|SK Rapid Vienna||Vienna||1911/12||99.2 MHz|
|FK Austria Vienna||Vienna||1911/12||99.2 MHz|
|SK Sturm Graz||Graz||1966/67||90.5 MHz|
|FC Red Bull Salzburg||Wals-Siezenheim||1989/90||87.5 MHz|
|FC Admira Wacker Mödling||Maria Enzersdorf||2011/12|
|SKN St. Pölten||St. Polten||2016/17|
President of the Bundesliga
- November 8, 1991 to February 23, 1996: Hans Reitinger
- February 23, 1996 to February 14, 1999: Gerhard Skoff
- February 14, 1999 to December 2, 2005: Frank Stronach
- December 2, 2005 to March 1, 2006: Martin Pucher (interim)
- March 1, 2006 to December 7, 2009: Martin Pucher
- December 7, 2009 to February 16, 2018: Hans Rinner
- Chairman of the board of the Bundesliga
- September 2004 to December 2014: Georg Pangl
- 2015 to 2017: Christian Ebenbauer
- 2017 to 2019: Gerhard Stocker
- since August 2019 Philip Thonhauser
Financial and media environment
The Austrian Bundesliga dominates sports coverage in most of the country's daily media. The advertising value calculated annually and last published in detail for the 2004/05 season for the league sponsor was around 8.9 million euros with 115 TV hours and 1,300 print articles. The advertising value of the club's main sponsors amounted to just over 21.3 million euros. The Bundesliga games of the 2006/07 season were initially only broadcast live on television by the pay-TV channel Premiere Austria , while detailed game summaries were also published by private TV channel ATV . On October 17, 2006, ATV's sublicensing agreement changed to the public broadcaster ORF , so that it now shows the Sunday game in parallel with the premiere and broadcasts the four games on Saturday in a 45-minute summary after the live game on Sunday.
Originally, the ORF had a monopoly on TV rights and a correspondingly low price, but with the entry of Premiere and ATV in the mid-1990s, TV rights gained financial importance for the clubs for the first time. In this regard, the Austrian Bundesliga association handed over the marketing to the ISPR agency. In 2004, a three-year contract with a premiere for the broadcasting rights for the following three years up to 2007 for the Bundesliga and the First League, including an irrevocable option for a further two years for € 42 million, payable in installments of 15, 14 and 13 million euros, closed. The previous rights exploiter, ORF, with an offer of 9.5 million euros each year, was voted out. The clubs receive around one million euros from broadcasting rights, which is around a twentieth of a German Bundesliga club. Half of the money is tied to the Austrian pot and is only paid out to clubs that also play with Austrian players, based on the number of minutes played. With a relatively high proportion of Austrians of almost 70%, all clubs benefit to the same extent with the exception of Red Bull, which receives zero euros with 21 squad legionnaires.
If the relative share of TV funds for Bundesliga clubs in Austria is lower, sponsorship funds in particular take up the majority of the budget. The main sponsor is often added to the club name. The forerunner here was the SK Sturm Graz in 1969 as "Sturm Durisol", whereby local rivals GAK countered in the same year as "GAK Marvin". While this was initially particularly attractive for small clubs, the additional sponsorship has become fully established at the latest since the involvement of the major Austrian football clubs Rapid in 1976 as "Rapid Wienerberger" and one year later in 1977 Austria as "Austria Memphis". Depending on the size of the club, the clubs manage to raise more than five million euros through sponsors. In 2018/19 “FC Red Bull Salzburg”, “SK Puntigamer Sturm Graz”, “FC Flyeralarm Admira”, “Cashpoint SCR Altach”, “RZ Pellets WAC” and “TSV Prolactal Hartberg” have their main sponsors in the club name.
|FC Red Bull Salzburg||Red Bull||Energy drink|
|SK Sturm Graz||Puntigamer||beer|
|SK Rapid Vienna||Wien Energie||energy|
|FC Admira Wacker Mödling||flyer alarm||Online printing|
|Building materials trade
|FK Austria Vienna||Harreither||Heating technology|
|SCR Altach||Cashpoint||Sports betting|
|Wolfsberger AC||RZ pellets||Wood pellets|
|WSG Swarovski Tirol||Swarovski||cut crystal glass|
|TSV Hartberg||Prolactal||Dairy products|
|SKN St. Pölten||Hypo Noe Landesbank||Financial institution|
The traditional source of income, viewers, has now comparatively receded; Although the attendance figures are relatively high in a long-term comparison, in the 2015/16 season they were 6,271 per match (1993/94: 4,141, 2002/03: 5,285, 2007/08: 9,284). From entrance fees around one to two million euros can be earned, the large audience of SK Rapid Wien brought it to 2.46 million in the past season, which, however, in the arena in particular, are partly completely eaten up again by the stadium costs. The 300,000 euros from the league sponsor T-Mobile, whose non-competition clause for other telecommunication costs at the big clubs leads to much higher opportunity costs, form further additional bids. The budget of the Bundesliga clubs, with the exception of Red Bull, is generally in the single-digit or low double-digit million range with five to over ten million at Rapid and Austria per season.
The financial situation is tense at many Bundesliga clubs, in the 2006/07 season alone there were two clubs, the GAK and Sturm, against which a bankruptcy petition was filed . In previous years, SC Schwarz-Weiß Bregenz went bankrupt in 2005 ; in 2002, FC Tirol Innsbruck - which had won its third championship title in a row a few weeks earlier - was dissolved with an unpaid debt level of 16 million euros. Other spectacular cases in the recent past in which former Austrian champions were involved concerned the Wiener Sport-Club in 1994, the SK Rapid Vienna in 1994 and the LASK in 1995.
The Bundesliga stadiums in Austria consist of both architecturally uniform football arenas and football stadiums that have evolved over time. Since 2007/08, venues in the Bundesliga must have a capacity of at least 3,000 seats in order to be admitted. The association has to pay penalties if there are not 3,000 covered seats, 100 covered VIP seats and 30 wheelchair spaces. The oldest Bundesliga home is owned by FK Austria Wien, and SK Slovan Wien's home games in the I. League were played in the Generali Arena as early as 1925 . The BSFZ-Arena , where Admira has been playing its home games since 1967, is also one of the traditional stadiums . The Gerhard Hanappi Stadium of SK Rapid Wien, where Bundesliga matches were played from 1977 to 2014, was demolished in 2014 and replaced by the Allianz Stadium . The Lavanttal Arena and the Profertil Arena Hartberg are currently the only two athletics stadiums in the league. Their more recent venues include the 2008 European spiked Red Bull Arena , which has a capacity of over 30,000 spectators, and the Tivoli Stadium Tirol Innsbruck and the Merkur Arena in Graz.
|Surname||society||City / place||opening||capacity|
|Red Bull Arena||FC Red Bull Salzburg||Wals-Siezenheim||2003||30,188|
|Allianz Stadium||SK Rapid Vienna||Vienna||2016||28,666|
|Generali Arena||FK Austria Vienna||Vienna||1925||17,656|
|Mercury Arena||SK Sturm Graz||Graz||1997||16,764|
|Tivoli Stadium Tirol||WSG Swarovski Tirol||Innsbruck, Tyrol||2000||16.008|
|Poplar Stadium||SV Mattersburg||Mattersburg||1952||15,100|
|BSFZ arena||FC Admira Wacker Mödling||Maria Enzersdorf||1967||10,800|
|Cashpoint arena||SCR Altach||Altach||1990||8,500|
|Lavanttal Arena||Wolfsberger AC||Wolfsberg||1984||8,100|
|NV Arena||SKN St. Pölten||St. Polten||2012||8,012|
|Profertil Arena Hartberg||TSV Hartberg||Hartberg||1946||4,635|
Bundesliga ON EAR
After a year of preparation, the Austrian Bundesliga broadcast the first Bundesliga ON-EAR broadcast from the Vienna Generali Arena on February 13, 2010. For blind and visually impaired football fans, the game is broadcast in detail on a radio frequency by means of audio description . At the same time, the audio description can be received on a free live audio stream on the Internet . The games are then available for download in the archive as MP3 files .
The champions of the Bundesliga
At the end of the season, the winner of the Bundesliga receives a championship plate and is also allowed to wear a star over the coat of arms for every ten titles won . Currently these are SK Rapid Wien (3 stars), FK Austria Wien (2 stars), FC Wacker Innsbruck (1 star) and FC Red Bull Salzburg (1 star). However, Salzburg initially waived the star, but adopted it in its club logo after the tenth championship title was won by Red Bull in the 2018/19 season .
For historical reasons, the titles of some clubs are usually added together. On the one hand, this applies to the clubs
- FC Wacker Innsbruck , FC Tirol and FC Tirol Innsbruck as well
- FC Red Bull Salzburg and SV Austria Salzburg, between which no distinction is made, on the other hand, a title of the
- SC Wacker Wien added to the eight of FC Admira Wacker Mödling .
List of title winners
Overview of the Austrian champions:
|rank||society||total||Total ÖFV + ÖFB||ÖFU||ÖFV||ÖFB||Sports district 17 *||ÖFB|
|1900-1903||1911-1924||1924-1938||1938-1945||from 1945||Bundesliga from 1974/75|
|1||SK Rapid Vienna||32||30th||-||8th||4th||2||18th||7th|
|ÖFV : 1911/12, 1912/13, 1915/16, 1916/17 1918/19, 1919/20, 1920/21, 1922/23, ÖFB : 1928/29, 1929/30, 1934/35, 1937/38 , Sport-Gau 17 : 1939/40, 1940/41, ÖFB : 1945/46, 1947/48, 1950/51, 1951/52, 1953/54, 1955/56, 1956/57, 1959/60, 1963 / 64, 1966/67, 1967/68, 1981/82, 1982/83, 1986/87, 1987/88, 1995/96, 2004/05, 2007/08|
|2||FK Austria Vienna||24||24||-||-||2||-||22nd||14th|
|as a Viennese amateur SV||2||2||-||-||2||-||-||-|
|ÖFB : 1923/24, 1925/26|
|as FK Austria Wien||22nd||22nd||-||-||-||-||22nd||14th|
|ÖFB : 1948/49 1949/50, 1952/53, 1960/61, 1961/62, 1962/63, 1968/69, 1969/70, 1975/76, 1977/78, 1978/79, 1979/80, 1980 / 81, 1983/84, 1984/85, 1985/86, 1990/91, 1991/92, 1992/93, 2002/03, 2005/06, 2012/13|
|3||FC Red Bull Salzburg||14th||14th||-||-||-||-||14th||14th|
|as SV Austria Salzburg||3||3||-||-||-||-||3||3|
|ÖFB : 1993/94, 1994/95, 1996/97|
|as FC Red Bull Salzburg||11||11||-||-||-||-||11||11|
|ÖFB : 2006/07, 2008/09, 2009/10, 2011/12, 2013/14, 2014/15, 2015/16, 2016/17, 2017/18, 2018/19, 2019/2020|
|4th||FC Wacker Innsbruck||10||10||-||-||-||-||10||7th|
|as FC Wacker Innsbruck||1||1||-||-||-||-||1||-|
|ÖFB : 1970/71|
|as SpG Wattens-Wacker Innsbruck||4th||4th||-||-||-||-||4th||2|
|ÖFB : 1971/72, 1972/73, 1974/75, 1976/77|
|as FC Tirol||2||2||-||-||-||-||2||2|
|ÖFB : 1988/89, 1989/90|
|as FC Tirol Innsbruck||3||3||-||-||-||-||3||3|
|ÖFB : 1999/2000, 2000/01, 2001/02|
|5||FC Admira Wacker Mödling||9||9||-||-||6th||1||2||-|
|as SK Admira Vienna||8th||8th||-||-||6th||1||1||-|
|ÖFB : 1926/27, 1927/28, 1931/32, 1933/34, 1935/36, 1936/37, Sport-Gau-17 : 1938/39, ÖFB : 1965/66|
|as SC Wacker Vienna||1||1||-||-||-||-||1||-|
|ÖFB : 1946/47|
|6th||First Vienna FC 1894||6th||3||-||-||2||3||1||-|
|ÖFB : 1930/31, 1932/33, Sport-Gau 17 : 1941/42, 1942/43, 1943/44, ÖFB : 1954/55|
|ÖFU : 1900/01, 1901/02, 1902/03, ÖFV : 1914/15|
|8th||SK Sturm Graz||3||3||-||-||-||-||3||3|
|ÖFB : 1997/98, 1998/99, 2010/11|
|9||Viennese sports club||3||3||-||1||-||-||2||-|
|ÖFV : 1921/22, ÖFB : 1957/58, 1958/59|
|ÖFB : 2003/04|
|SK VÖEST Linz||1||1||-||-||-||-||1||-|
|ÖFB : 1973/74|
|ÖFB : 1964/65|
|SC Hakoah Vienna||1||1||-||-||1||-||-||-|
|ÖFB : 1924/25|
|ÖFV : 1917/18|
|ÖFV : 1913/14|
For an overview of all Austrian soccer champions in the respective season, see also the list of Austrian soccer champions .
There are numerous impressive records in the history of the Bundesliga, the most important of which are presented below. It should be noted that an average season was taken as the basis, which means that, for example, 20 goals scored in a championship year with nine rounds are rated higher than 21 goals in a championship year with 36 rounds.
So far, only SK Rapid Wien (1913 and 1935) and the Wiener Sport-Club (1959) have managed to become unbeaten champions. It is also the latter who brought the longest undefeated period behind him: From December 1957 to September 1959, i.e. 22 months or 41 Bundesliga games, the Dornbachers remained without defeat. The largest fortress in the Bundesliga was the Hohe Warte , Vienna's stadium: for three years, from December 1954 to November 1957, there were 41 Bundesliga matches in a row without a win for the guests. Rapid made a name for itself as the goal factory of the Bundesliga, in the record season of 1951 an average of 5.5 goals per game were scored for Rapid, or in other words, in 24 championship rounds the Hütteldorfer were able to celebrate over 133 goals. FK Wiener Austria achieved the highest victory ever with a 21-0 (8-0) victory over LASK on January 19, 1941.
The most successful player in the Bundesliga is Andreas Ulmer from FC Red Bull Salzburg (once with the FAK), who was champion 11 times. The most successful supervisor is Dionys Schönecker , who led the green-whites to a total of twelve championship titles. Among the shooters, the Rapidler Franz Binder (average 1.14) stands out, who was able to put on the crown of the top scorer six times, the most goals in total scored another Hütteldorfer with Robert Dienst (average 0.92) - there were a total of 323 hits . However, these numbers are difficult to compare due to the different championship lengths. For example, the Austrian Ernst Stojaspal also has an average of 1.14, but like Binder is behind Dienst. Karl Decker scored the most goals in a game (average 1.02) from Vienna, a total of eight times in the 18-0 victory over Ostbahn XI on November 11, 1945. In terms of the season, Robert Dienst also stands out: in 1951 he shot in 24 games (23 missions) 37 hits, which results in an average of one goal per 56 minutes played. At the time, Robert Dienst was not allowed to take penalties for the Hütteldorfer. With Toni Polster (39 goals in 1987) and Hans Krankl (41 goals in 1978), two championship players were honored with the Golden Shoe as the best goal scorers in Europe. Marc Ziegler was able to hold the longest goal suspension from May to September 2001 at FC Tirol Innsbruck - he stayed a total of 1085 minutes without conceding a goal before he was defeated by an own goal.
|1.||Robert service||323 goals in 351 games||1943-1962|
|2.||Hans Krankl||320 goals in 427 games||1971-1988|
|3.||Franz Binder||298 * goals in 261 * games||1930-1949|
|* includes 26 goals in 17 games in the German soccer championship between 1939 and 1944|
Records since the Bundesliga was founded in 1974/75
|Item||player||Gates||Games||⌀ goals / game|
|Item||player||Games||⌀ min / game|
UEFA five-year ranking
Placement in the UEFA five-year ranking :
(in brackets, the previous year's ranking) . The abbreviations CL , EL and ECL after the country coefficients indicate the number of representatives in the 2021/22 season of the Champions League , the Europa League and the Europa Conference League .
- 10. ( 11 ) Netherlands ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 35,750 - CL: 2, EL: 1, ECL: 2
- 11. ( 10 ) Turkey ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 33,600 - CL: 2, EL: 1, ECL: 2
- 12. ( 12 ) Austria ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 32,925 - CL: 2, EL: 1, ECL: 2
- 13. ( 16 ) Denmark ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 29,250 - CL: 2, EL: 1, ECL: 2
- 14. ( 20 ) Scotland ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 27.875 - CL: 2, EL: 1, ECL: 2
Status: End of the 2019/20 European Cup season
- Wilhelm Schmieger : Football in Austria , Burgverlag, Vienna 1925
- Leo Schidrowitz : History of the football sport in Austria , Verlag Rudolf Traunau, Vienna 1951
- Karl Langisch: History of football in Austria , Wilhelm Limpert-Verlag, Vienna 1964
- Karl Kastler: Football in Austria, From the Beginnings to the Present , Trauner, Linz 1972
- Karl Heinz Schwind: Stories from a century of football , Ueberreuter, Vienna 1994
- Josef Huber: Diary of the Century, Football Austria from 1901 to 2000 , Verlag Wolfgang Drabesch, Vienna 2000
- Anton Egger, Kurt Kaiser: Austria's Bundesliga from AZ, chronicle from 1974 , Verlag Anton Egger, Fohnsdorf 1995
- Anton Egger: Austrian Football Championship, Chronicle 1945–1974 , Verlag Anton Egger, Fohnsdorf 1998
- see Schidrowitz 1951; especially pages 82 ff.
- ÖFBL.at - Reform 2018/19
- The details of the league reform: this is how the game will be played from 2018/19
- Information about the Austrian Soccer League at bundesliga.at ( memento from September 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed January 1, 2008)
- Statutes of the Austrian Soccer League, December 2007
- "T-Mobile-Bundesliga" before the end? The press , February 12, 2008
- Austrian masters from 1911/12. Retrieved August 11, 2015 .
- Schmieger 1925, p. 25ff
- Schmieger 1925, p. 32ff.
- Schmieger 1925, p. 25f
- Schmieger 1925, p. 87
- Schidrowitz 1951; P. 75ff
- Schidrowitz 1951, p. 126f
- Kastler 1972, p. 56f
- Kastler 1972, p. 93
- Marschik 2001, page 135
- Huber 2000, p. 215
- Huber 2000, page 262
- Kurier : "Fewer Legionnaires in the Bundesliga", February 11, 2008
- Hans Rinner elected BL President , accessed on August 27, 2015
- Major reform in Austria's Bundesliga . In: sport.de . ( Online [accessed January 15, 2017]).
- http://www.bundesliga.at/index.php?id=580751 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Schwind 1994, pp. 198ff
- Sport + Markt study: “Europe's most popular football clubs”, December 2007; 9,600 football enthusiasts between the ages of 15 and 69 were surveyed in Austria, Germany, France, Great Britain, Italy, Spain, Poland, the Netherlands, Portugal, Turkey, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Greece, Switzerland, Russia and Croatia. An extrapolation was then made on the basis of this survey.
- Georg Pangl - Background on parting. In : wirtschaft.tirol. January 18, 2014, accessed May 31, 2019 .
- Wacker President Gerhard Stocker is the new Bundesliga boss. In: nachrichten.at. Retrieved February 24, 2017 .
- Philip Thonhauser new chairman of the supervisory board, Erwin Fuchs as deputy of the HPYBET 2nd division. In: oefbl.at. Retrieved November 9, 2019 .
- Austrian Football Bundesliga: "More viewers, high advertising value for T-Mobile and main club sponsors", February 2004
- pressetext.austria: "Bundesliga: Premiere gets ORF on board - ATV counters", October 17, 2007
- B. Felderer, D. Grozea-Helmenstein, C. Helmenstein, A. Kleissner, A. Schnabl, R. Treitler: "Fußball in Österreich", Vienna 2005, p. 192ff
- Implementation for the Austrian Football League competitions, July 2007
- Spectatorper season. (No longer available online.) Bundesliga.at, archived from the original on June 3, 2017 ; Retrieved May 17, 2017 .
- Report to orf.at ( Memento from January 7, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed January 1, 2008)
- Licensing manual of the Austrian Soccer League, 2008
- Data from bundesliga.at (as of August 3, 2018). This is the official number of visitors who are permitted to play a Bundesliga game per stadium. At some stadiums there are more seats, but these are currently not released.
- Bundesliga ON EAR, radio for the visually impaired
- Red Bull Salzburg takes on its own fans , Welt.de, accessed on August 15, 2017.
- laola1.at: Meisterstern: Red Bull Salzburg changes its logo from May 7, 2019, accessed on November 3, 2019.
- Austria Final League Tables (First and Second Level). Retrieved June 5, 2018 .
- Bundesliga, champions of the individual seasons. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on February 15, 2017 ; Retrieved August 4, 2013 .
- Austria - All-Time Topscorers. Retrieved December 7, 2018 .
- Bundesliga.at - Most goals. Retrieved December 7, 2018 .
- Bundesliga.at - Most missions. Retrieved December 10, 2018 .
- UEFA rankings for club competitions. In: UEFA. Retrieved September 21, 2020 .