Super League (Switzerland)

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Super League
Full name Raiffeisen Super League
abbreviation RSL
Association Swiss Football Association
First edition 1931
hierarchy 1st League
Teams 10
Record champions Grasshopper Club Zurich  (27 wins)
Record player Urs Fischer (545)
Record scorer Peter Risi (216)
Current season 2019/20
Qualification for Champions League
Europa League

The Raiffeisen Super League ( RSL ) is the top division in Swiss football . Since the 2012/13 season it has borne the name of the sponsor Raiffeisen . In the Swiss public media (radio / television) the sponsor is not mentioned and only referred to as the Super League .

The Super League is played in the league system and a double round. Each of the ten clubs meets four opponents, twice in front of their home crowd and twice away. In total, each club plays 36 games per season. The Swiss football champions and the participants in the European Cup competitions will be played . The last placed team is relegated to the Challenge League , the second highest division.

The 124th season, the Raiffeisen Super League 2020/21 , is to be played from September 19, 2020 . The defending champion this season is BSC Young Boys .


Ruinart Cup (1897/98)

Main article: Swiss Football Championship 1897/98

The championship for the Ruinart Cup held in 1897/98 is considered the first Swiss championship. The winner of the championship for the Ruinart Cup, organized by the Geneva newspaper La Suisse sportive , was the Grashopper Club Zurich . The SFV lists this championship as "unofficial".

Series A (1898 / 99–1929 / 30)

In 1898/99 the SFV organized its own championship. This was won by the Anglo-American Club Zurich . The Ruinart Cup was also awarded that season, which Cantonal Lausanne won . In the following season, the Ruinart Cup became Serie B.

The Swiss champions were played in a final round of the regional champions of the groups East, West and, since 1901/02, also Central.

1st division (1930/31)

In 1930/31 the highest league was referred to as the 1st league, it was played as before in three groups and carried out a subsequent final round.

National League (1931/32–1943/44)

The league was played for the first time in 1931/32 as the successor to the old Serie A, the background was the introduction of professionalism. In the two transition championships in 1931/32 and 1932/33, the final round to determine the winner was therefore still used, for which the champion of the second division, which at that time was still the first division, was also qualified. In 1931/32 Lausanne-Sports achieved the feat of becoming champions as a participant in the second highest division. The first champion in the single-track National League was Servette FC in the 1933/34 season .

National League A (1944 / 45–2002 / 03)

In 1944/45 the national league was divided into a national league A and a national league B.

During the next few decades, the league changed the number of allowed teams and modes several times. In the years before the reform of 2003, the league was often divided into two groups after the basic round, final and respectively. Promotion / relegation round called, divided. While the top teams fought for the championship and the international places, the weaker clubs played together with the best teams in the second division, the then National League B, for the up or down. Descent.

From 1948 to 1957, in addition to the national league of the Swiss Football Association, there was also a national football league in the Swiss Workers' Gymnastics and Sports Association (SATUS) .

Super League (since 2003/04)

League reform 2003

Logo of the Axpo Super League from 2003 to 2012

Due to the previous mode, which was felt to be too complicated, the league was reformed for the 2003/04 season , which also included a name change. For the first time, the top division received a title sponsor. As a further step, the league was reduced from twelve to ten teams. The clubs also had to undertake to obtain the building permit for the construction of a modern stadium by 2010. Theoretically, clubs are threatened with forced relegation if they do not meet this criterion, but the Swiss Football League has granted postponements. As a rule, newcomers only receive a permit for the top division if their stadium either meets the requirements or the stadium can be converted.

Since the league reform in 2003, the name of the league's main sponsor has also been in the official name.

Axpo Holding was the league's title sponsor from 2003 to 2012 , which is why it was officially called the Axpo Super League at the time .

Reform proposals 2009

After the league reform in 2003, considerations were underway at the beginning of 2008 to enlarge the league again to twelve teams and to implement the reintroduction of the "dash". In Switzerland, the “dash” is the colloquial term for the mode that provides for the creation of a promotion / relegation round after the preliminary round. In this case, only the eight best teams from the preliminary round would fight for the championship title in the Super League in a 12-player league. The remaining four teams would have to compete in the second half of the season against the four best teams of the Challenge League preliminary round and play there for league maintenance or relegation.

In June 2009, the clubs of the Swiss Football League (SFL) decided at an extraordinary general assembly in Bern to increase the Super League back to twelve teams; a working group should work out details on the time and mode of introduction by November 2009. At the General Assembly in November 2009, however, the proposal was rejected again.

New title sponsor and abolition of the barrage 2012/13

Since the season 2012/13 means the league, named after the new title sponsor Raiffeisen Switzerland , Raiffeisen Super League .

The 2003 introduced barrage of the second-last against the second in the Challenge League was eliminated with a change of mode for the 2012/13 season.

Reform proposals 2017/18 and reintroduction of the barrage by 2018/19

In October 2017, a change of mode and an increase in the league to 12 or 14 teams were again considered intensively. An analysis by the Swiss Football League showed that Switzerland has a potential of a maximum of 12 teams in the top league. A mode with 12 teams was tested with the Dutch company Hypercube. But the crowded game day calendar before Christmas and the early relegation battle deterred the Swiss Football League from the reform. The return to the barrage between the runner-up in the Challenge League and the runner-up in the Super League was also rejected with 10:10 votes. It would have needed a two-thirds majority. In May 2018, only six months later, the barrage was reintroduced with 16: 4 votes. The mode change comes into effect for the 2018/19 season .


The Super League is used to determine the Swiss football champions. The first in the table after the end of a season receives the title of Swiss Football Champion . Since the clubs from the Principality of Liechtenstein play in the Swiss League Association for lack of their own league operations, there is a special rule that only assigns the title to Swiss teams, even if a club from the Principality finishes the season in first place in the table. In a fixed-term supplementary agreement, the clubs in the neighboring country also vow to forego all starting places in European competitions if they should achieve this through sporting success. Thus, the Swiss starting places in the Champions League and Europa League are actually reserved exclusively for clubs from Switzerland. In addition to determining the Swiss football champions, the starting places for the Champions League and the Europa League for Swiss teams are determined.

Game mode

All clubs in the league play against each other four times, twice each in their own stadium and twice in the opposing stadium. The game plan is created for the entire season (36 rounds). The final playing times per round are set in four tranches (rounds 1–9, 10–18, 19–27, 28–36), each at least 30 days before the first game of the relevant quarter. The three-point rule has been in effect since the 1995/96 season : three points are awarded for a win, one point for a draw and zero points for a defeat.

The best Swiss team after 36 rounds becomes Swiss champions. The last-placed club is relegated to the Challenge League . In the 2018/19 season, an extraordinary general assembly decided to reintroduce the barrage for the two top leagues. Thus, the team in 9th place plays against the runner-up in the Challenge League to stay in the Super League.

Winner if there is a tie

If two clubs have the same number of points at the end of the championship, the champion is determined according to the following rule:

  1. the better goal difference
  2. the higher number of goals scored
  3. the points scored in direct encounters
  4. the lot

Determined in the regulations for match operations of the SFL (Swiss Football League), Art. 22 Paragraph 1.

Overview: athletic qualification

  • 1st place: Swiss champions and participation in the group stage or qualification of the UEFA Champions League
  • 2nd place: Participation in qualifying for the UEFA Champions League or the UEFA Europa League
  • 3rd and 4th place if applicable: Participation in qualifying for the UEFA Europa League
  • 9th place: Barrage game against the second in the Challenge League
  • 10th place: Relegation to the Challenge League


  1. If a Liechtenstein team takes first place, the title of Swiss champion and the right to participate fall to the second placed.
  2. Depending on the current placement in the UEFA five-year ranking and the resulting qualification rights
  3. If a Liechtenstein team takes 2nd place, the UEFA places move accordingly.
  4. Depending on the current placement in the UEFA five-year ranking and the resulting qualification rights
  5. If Liechtenstein teams are among them, the UEFA places are shifted accordingly.


Super League (Switzerland) (Switzerland)
FC Basel
FC Basel
BSC Young Boys
BSC Young Boys
FC Sion
FC Sion
FC Luzern
FC Luzern
FC Lugano
FC Lugano
FC Thun
FC Thun
FC Zurich
FC Zurich
Servette FC
Servette FC
FC St. Gallen
FC St. Gallen
Neuchâtel Xamax
Neuchâtel Xamax
The teams' venues in the 2019/20 season

The following ten clubs form the Super League in the 2019/20 season :

team Trainer Stadion capacity Placement season 2018/19
FC Basel FC Basel SwissSwiss Marcel Koller St. Jakob Park 37,994 2.
FC Lugano FC Lugano ItalianItalian Maurizio Jacobacci Cornaredo Stadium 06,390 3.
FC Luzern FC Luzern SwissSwiss Fabio Celestini Swissporarena 16'490 5.
Neuchâtel Xamax Neuchâtel Xamax SwissSwiss Stéphane Henchoz Stade de la Maladière 12,500 9.
Servette FC Servette FC SwissSwiss Alain Geiger Stade de Genève 30,084 1. Challenge League , promoted team
FC Sion FC Sion SwissSwiss Christian Zermatten Tourbillon Stadium 14,283 8th.
FC St. Gallen FC St. Gallen GermanGerman Peter Zeidler Kybunpark 19,456 6th
FC Thun FC Thun SwissSwiss Marc Schneider Stockhorn Arena 10'014 4th
BSC Young Boys BSC Young Boys SwissSwiss Gerardo Seoane Wankdorf Stadium 31,789 1st, master
FC Zurich FC Zurich SwissSwiss Ludovic Magnin Letzigrund 26,104 7th

The Swiss champions

The title of Swiss Master has been awarded since 1897. This happened in all years with the exception of the 1922/23 season , as the first-placed FC Bern had used an unauthorized player. The first Swiss champions were the Zurich Grasshoppers , who overall won the most titles. To date, 19 different teams have won the Swiss championship.

Thanks to their success, some clubs are allowed to have so-called master stars in their club crest. The clubs may wear one star for ten championship titles. In the following list, with the same number of championship titles, those clubs are always listed first that won the last title first.

rank society Championship title Last Master stars
1 Grasshopper Club Zurich 27 2003 2
2 FC Basel 20th 2017 2
3 Servette FC 17th 1999 1
4th BSC Young Boys 14th 2020 1
5 FC Zurich 12 2009 1
6th Lausanne Sports 7th 1965 -
7th FC Winterthur 3 1917 -
FC Lugano 3 1949 -
FC La Chaux-de-Fonds 3 1964 -
Neuchâtel Xamax 3 1988 -
FC Aarau 3 1993 -
12 FC Sion 2 1997 -
FC St. Gallen 2 2000 -
14th Anglo-American Club Zurich 1 1899 -
SC Brühl St. Gallen 1 1915 -
Étoile-Sporting La Chaux-de-Fonds 1 1919 -
FC Biel-Bienne 1 1947 -
AC Bellinzona 1 1948 -
FC Luzern 1 1989 -

Eternal table

Currently No. 1 on the Time Table is the Grasshoppers Club Zurich , followed by BSC Young Boys . A total of 74 teams have been allowed to play in the top Swiss league since 1897. After the 2012/2013 season, this resulted in 39,587 games by all top teams (including relegation and play-off games), in which a total of 69,341 goals were scored.

UEFA five-year ranking

Placement in the UEFA five-year ranking ( previous year's ranking in brackets ). The abbreviations CL and EL after the country coefficients indicate the number of representatives in the 2019/20 season of the Champions League and the Europa League .

  • 15. +1( 16 ) Croatia ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 27.375 - CL: 1, EL: 3CroatiaCroatia 
  • 16. +1( 17 ) Denmark ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 27.025 - CL: 1, EL: 3DenmarkDenmark 
  • 17. −5( 12 ) Switzerland ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 26,900 - CL: 2, EL: 3SwitzerlandSwitzerland 
  • 18. +1( 19 ) Cyprus ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 24.925 - CL: 1, EL: 3Cyprus RepublicRepublic of Cyprus 
  • 19. +6( 25 ) Serbia ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 22,250 - CL: 1, EL: 3SerbiaSerbia 

Status: end of the European Cup season 2018/19


In the regular 2017/18 season, the average number of spectators per game was 11,181. FC Basel (25,857) and Young Boys Bern (21,971) had the highest average attendance in the league.

season Number of games Number of spectators Spectators per game
1979/80 182 1,039,850 5,713
1989/90 132 961,850 7,287
1999/00 132 756,571 5,732
2009/10 180 1,990,613 11'059
2010/11 180 2,045,159 11,362
2011/12 162 1,985,055 12,253
2012/13 180 2,163,354 12,019
2013/14 180 1,938,985 10,772
2014/15 180 1,956,021 10,867
2015/16 180 1,935,620 10,753
2016/17 180 1,803,518 10'020
2017/18 180 2,012,569 11,181

See also


  • Fabian Brändle / Christian Koller : 4 to 2: The golden age of Swiss football 1918–1939 . Publishing house Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2014.
  • Philippe Guggisberg (ed.): 75 years of the Swiss Football League - National League SFV. Köniz: Ast and Jakob, Vetsch AG 2009.

Web links

Commons : Swiss Super League  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ The 2020/21 season starts a week later., August 14, 2020, accessed on August 21, 2020 .
  2. "Raiffeisen Super League": name and logo through the back door. Swiss Football League, June 1, 2012, accessed June 12, 2012 .
  3. Back to the line with 12 teams. Bluewin , April 22, 2008, archived from the original on February 7, 2010 ; Retrieved April 22, 2008 .
  4. The line gives pressure. Blick =, February 24, 2008, accessed July 12, 2019 .
  5. Super League is increased to 12 teams. Tages-Anzeiger , June 13, 2009, accessed June 14, 2009 .
  6. No increase in the Axpo Super League. Swiss Football League, November 13, 2009, accessed November 13, 2009 .
  7. Volker Strohm: "Raiffeisen Super League": Name and logo through the back door. Handelszeitung , June 1, 2012, accessed on June 12, 2012 .
  8. ^ Matthias Dubach: Swiss Football League: Super League remains 10-league . ( [accessed on November 14, 2017]).
  9. Stefan Kreis and Nicolas Lurati: Application to general meeting rejected: Swiss football clubs don't want a barrage after all! ( [accessed on November 14, 2017]).
  10. The Barrage is back in the SFL - Delli Colli new to the committee. Swiss Football League, May 25, 2018, accessed May 26, 2018 .
  11. The Barrage is back in the SFL - Delli Colli new to the committee ,
  12. UEFA rankings for club competitions. In: UEFA. Retrieved July 14, 2019 .
  13. Super League 2017/2018 - spectators. Retrieved January 14, 2019 .