|master||Ajax Amsterdam (34)|
|Record champions||Ajax Amsterdam (34)|
|Record player||Jan Jongbloed (717)|
|Record scorer||Willy van der Kuijlen (311)|
↓ First Division (II)
The Eredivisie (pronunciation: [ˈeː.rə.di.ˌvi.zi] , German Ehrendivision ) is the highest football league of the Dutch football association Koninklijke Nederlandse Voetbal Bond (KNVB). It was founded in 1956.
There are currently 18 teams playing in the Eredivisie, and they compete against each other on 34 match days during the annual season. The battle for the Dutch soccer championship is dominated by the three largest and most financially strong Dutch clubs Ajax Amsterdam , PSV Eindhoven and Feyenoord Rotterdam . Only a few other clubs such as AZ Alkmaar and Twente Enschede were able to celebrate championships.
UEFA five-year ranking
Placement in the UEFA five-year ranking ( previous year's ranking in brackets ). The abbreviations CL and EL after the country coefficients indicate the number of representatives in the 2019/20 season of the Champions League and the Europa League .
- ( 8 ) Ukraine ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 38,900 - CL: 2, EL: 3 9.
- 10. ( 10 ) Turkey ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 34,600 - CL: 2, EL: 3
- 11. ( 14 ) Netherlands ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 32,433 - CL: 2, EL: 3
- 12. ( 11 ) Austria ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 31,250 - CL: 2, EL: 3
- 13. ( 13 ) Czech Republic ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 28,675 - CL: 2, EL: 3
Status: end of the European Cup season 2018/19
In the five-year ranking of UEFA , which regulates the starting and qualifying places for European competitions, the honor division is currently in eighth place. Accordingly, the "Eredivisie" is entitled to a direct starting place and a place for qualifying for the UEFA Champions League . There are also three qualifying places for the UEFA Europa League . The winner of the KNVB Cup , which is held parallel to the honor division, will receive another Europa League place .
With a reform of the Eredivisie that came into force in the 2005/06 season, play-off games will take place after a season has ended . After the Champions League participants were initially determined in these games, since the 2008/09 season only the five to eighth places in the final table have taken part in the playoffs. Between these a place in the Europa League is played. All playoff games are played with a return leg.
Criticism of the playoff mode
The playoff mode has been and is controversial in the Netherlands, but also internationally. Critics believe that the mode leads to a devaluation of the regular seasonal operations and that clubs that have performed well during the season can be deprived of the fruits of their labor in a single game.
In the eyes of the critics, a prime example of this was the playoff game between AZ Alkmaar and FC Groningen in the first season after the introduction of the new mode . Vice-champions AZ Alkmaar had distanced fifth placed Groningen by 18 points in the regular season. After a long season in which Alkmaar had to play significantly more competitive games than Groningen through the Cup and UEFA Cup , the AZ lacked the necessary strength in the playoff. Groningen won 3: 1 and 1: 2 on both legs.
Something similar could also be observed in 2007/08, when runners-up Ajax Amsterdam failed in the Champions League playoffs with 1: 2 and 0: 0 to Twente Enschede (4th place). The capital city had to remain in this way in the UEFA Cup.
For the 2019/20 season , the Dutch Football Association decided that the seventeenth of the table, who had previously taken part in the relegation relegation together with the sixteenth, will also be firmly relegated.
Participants of the 2019/20 season and their venues
Venues of the Eredivisie 2019/20
|ADO The Hague||The hague||Cars Jeans Stadium||15,000|
|Ajax Amsterdam||Amsterdam||Johan Cruyff Arena||53,052|
|AZ Alkmaar||Alkmaar||AFAS stadium||17,023|
|FC Emmen||Emmen||De Oude Meerdijk||8,600|
|FC Groningen||Groningen||Hitachi Capital Mobility Stadium||22,500|
|FC Twente Enschede||Enschede||De Grolsch Veste||30.205|
|FC Utrecht||Utrecht||Galgenwaard Stadium||24,426|
|Feyenoord Rotterdam||Rotterdam||De Kuip||51,177|
|Fortuna Sittard||Sittard||Fortuna Sittard Stadium||12,500|
|Heracles Almelo||Almelo||Erve Asito||12,080|
|PEC Zwolle||Zwolle||Mac3Park Stadium||12,500|
|PSV Eindhoven||Eindhoven||Philips Stadium||35,000|
|RKC Waalwijk||Waalwijk||Mandemakers Stadium||7,500|
|SC Heerenveen||Heerenveen||Abe Lenstra Stadium||26,000|
|Sparta Rotterdam||Rotterdam||Sparta Stadium - Het Kasteel||11,000|
|VVV-Venlo||Venlo||Covebo Stadium - De Koel -||7,500|
|Willem II Tilburg||Tilburg||King Wilhelm II Stadium||14,750|
In the regular 2017/18 season, the average number of spectators per game was 19,001, making the Eredivisie one of the most popular football leagues in the world. Ajax Amsterdam (49,670) and Feyenoord Rotterdam (45,588) had the highest average viewership.
Dutch champions since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956/57
|2009/10||FC Twente Enschede|
Number of championships since 1956/57
Eredivisie record champions
- 1957: Ajax Amsterdam
- 1958: Ajax Amsterdam and DOS Utrecht
- 1959: Ajax Amsterdam, DOS Utrecht and Sparta Rotterdam
- 1960–1961: Ajax Amsterdam (2)
- 1962–1964: Ajax Amsterdam and Feyenoord Rotterdam
- 1965: Feyenoord Rotterdam (3)
- 1966: Feyenoord Rotterdam and Ajax Amsterdam
- since 1967: Ajax Amsterdam (4–26)
- Soccer in the Netherlands
- List of Dutch football champions
- List of the highest national soccer divisions
- eredivisie.nl: website of the Eredivisie (Dutch, English)
- UEFA rankings for club competitions. In: UEFA. Retrieved July 14, 2019 .
- Vanaf volgend seizoen degraderen twee clubs rechtsstreeks uit Eredivisie , vi.nl, accessed on June 25, 2019 (English)
- Eredivisie 2017/2018 - viewers. Retrieved January 14, 2019 .
- Afwikkeling voetbalseizoen 2019/20 , eredivisie.nl, accessed on April 25, 2020 (Dutch)
- "Biggest shame in the history of Dutch sport" , kicker.de, accessed on April 25, 2020