|Surname||Betaald Voetbal Vitesse Foundation|
|Seat||Arnhem , the Netherlands|
|founding||May 14, 1892|
|First soccer team|
|Head coach||Thomas Letsch|
Between 1894 and 1900 Vitesse played in blue and white shirts. These colors were and are those of the city of Arnhem. On August 27, 1900, the then board decided to change the club clothing and introduced the colors black and yellow. The current club colors are: black and yellow shirts with vertical stripes, white pants.
1892–1922: Great successes after the establishment and decline
The association was founded on May 14, 1892. At that time there was no soccer department. It was not until September 10, 1892, that the board decided to want to play football in addition to cricket . For the first two years, Vitesse only played friendly matches. In 1894 one finally went under the supervision of the football association NVB founded in 1889 . The team was able to win the Gelderse Competitive in 1895 and 1896, then became higher class and from then on played in the Eerste Klasse Oost . In 1897, 1898, 1903, 1913, 1914 and 1915 the club became champions in this class. There are also six runner-up titles. Players like Willem Hesselink and Just Göbel became the club's first national players. After 1915 there was a sharp drop in performance. Again and again, apart from fourth place in the 1920/21 season, they played against relegation. On June 30, 1920, the move to the second class was clear.
1922–1953: changeable successes
After relegation, the club wanted to return to the Dutch House of Lords as soon as possible. Season B of the second division was won in the first year, and Arnhem also prevailed against the winner of Season A Rigtersbleek . Under new coach Robert William Jefferson , an Englishman, they repeatedly reached the top five in the league in the years after the comeback. In 1935 it was only enough to rank 10 in the league, which meant relegation. Under the German Heinrich Schwarz , the club established itself again and attacked for another comeback. But it was not until 1946 before a return was possible. By then they reached second place four times and first place twice in the season, but then failed in the promotion games. The joy lasted only two seasons, and Vitesse was drawn back to the second division. Although they missed the immediate resurgence, this success was achieved the following year. With players like Sjaak Alberts and Wim Hendriks , who were later appointed to the national team, continuity came back. The great triumph came in 1952/53. Arnhem left all league competitors behind and secured the championship. The following year, however, it was only sixth place.
1954–1984: Introduction of professional football
In 1954 the KNVB introduced a new professional league. Some Arnhem players went there, others abroad. With players leaving, the league fell very quickly. For this reason, the Vitesse board decided on August 27, 1954 to join Dutch professional football. This step was very difficult, both athletically and financially. After the introduction of the Eredivisie and Eerste Divisie on September 2, 1956, this step was finally sealed. In the Eerste Divisie they played well with, but also showed inconsistent appearances, so that the club had to relegate to the Tweede Divisie in 1962 . In 1966 the promotion followed, after the Austrian Joseph Grüber took over the team for the second time in 1964 . When the club was third in the second division in 1971, fortunate circumstances made it possible to move up to the Eredivisie for the first time. After 18th place at the end of the 1971/72 season, Vitesse rose again. A total of only 17 points were scored, not enough to keep them up. In 1977 they won the Eerste Divisie and returned to the top division of the Netherlands. Relegation was achieved twice in a row, but missed 17th place in 1980.
1984–2002: Difficult times in the second division and establishment in the Eredivisie
Under the new chairman of the Karel Aalbers club , the professional and amateur areas were separated in 1984. In 1984/85 there were severe financial cuts in the club. With these the sporting problems followed. In the second division they were only mediocre in the following years and were lucky not to be relegated in 1985. Under coach Bert Jacobs they found their way back to old strength and in 1989 the Eerste Divisie was won again. In the first year after, they finished fourth, the best league result in history since the Eredivisie was founded. This was the first time they qualified for the UEFA Cup . In the same year they failed in the final of the KNVB Cup at PSV Eindhoven . Until 2001/02 they were always among the top six in the league. The best result came in 1997/98 when third place was achieved. With Nikos Machlas they had the most successful goalscorer of the Eredivisie in their own ranks this year. During this time Arnheim was looked after by coaches such as Herbert Neumann , Leo Beenhakker , Artur Jorge and Ronald Koeman . These good years came to an abrupt end when President Aalbers was suspected of fraud on February 15, 2000. In the 2002/03 UEFA Cup season there was an argument with a German representative for the first time. In the second round of the competition Werder Bremen could be defeated by 2: 1 and 3: 3 and moved into the next round, where it ended against Liverpool .
2003–2011: mediocrity, internal chaos and takeover
In the case of President Aalbers, new discoveries were constantly being made. He is said to have been involved in inconsistencies around the new stadium and transfers. Thanks to the help of the city of Arnhem and the province of Gelderland , the impending bankruptcy was averted.
In 2003 and 2004, from a sporting point of view, they just saved themselves from relegation that resulted from the internal chaos. The situation then calmed down again, until the club faced new financial problems in 2008. It was about debts of over 27 million euros. Finally the city helped again and believers could be appeased. During this time the club was given the nickname FC Hollywood aan de Rijn (German: FC Hollywood am Rhein) by the media and press, which alludes to the club's media presence. With the beginning of the 2008/09 season , the aim was to break away from this image. Aad de Mos was replaced as coach by the rather unknown and inconspicuous Hans Westerhof . But this could only get fifteen points by the winter break, and the club found itself in the table cellar. The former player Theo Bos took over Westerhof's position and led the team into the safe midfield of the Eredivisie until the end of the season. With Bos, the club board went into the following season . There only the fourteenth place was occupied, but the relegation secured with six points ahead of the first relegation place. With the start of the new 2010/11 season , the Georgian investor Merab Jordania took over the club. At this point, Vitesse had a debt of six million euros . Jordania announced that they would settle this, invest money and shape the club into a top Dutch club that can compete for the championship. With this acquisition, Vitesse is the first Dutch club to be owned by a foreign donor. The squad was then turned inside out. Ten players left the club in the summer, another six followed in the winter. On the other hand, there were fourteen new signings between June and September and four additions in January 2011. Of the transfers, Ismaïl Aissati , Guram Kashia , Nemanja Matić and Frank van der Struijk in particular established themselves as well as the winter salesman Marcus Pedersen , who scored five goals in sixteen games. where he and Marco van Ginkel became the best attacker for the Arnhem team. At the end of the season, the club found itself in the table basement. Equal on points with Excelsior Rotterdam , the team finished 15th due to the better goal difference and thus did not have to go into the relegation phase to avoid the threatened relegation. During the entire 2010/11 season, the team was looked after by three coaches. After Theo Bos left the club in October 2010, his successor Hans van Arum left office in November 2010 and was replaced by the Spaniard Albert Ferrer . However, Ferrer's contract, which ran until June 30, 2011, was not extended. In May 2011, the investor announced that it would bring the club's budget to a total of 50 million euros by 2016 in order to catch up with the top Dutch teams economically and athletically. On October 23, 2013 Merab Jordania sold its shares to the Ukrainian wood pellets company ST Group. The managing director of the ST Group Alexander Tschigirinski took over the management of the association, as the successor to Jordania.
Victories and defeats
On November 11, 1894, the team won the NVB competition 17-0 against Victoria. The highest victory in the Eredivisie was achieved on September 27, 1997 against Fortuna Sittard . Fortunes were beaten 7-1 in the away game. In the Eerste Divisie , the second highest Dutch football league, the club was able to win 7-0 against FC Wageningen on August 30, 1970 . Vitesse won 6-0 on April 8, 1998 against FC Volendam . With this they celebrated their highest home success. Vitesse Arnheim achieved the highest victory in a European competition against Dundee United . In the second round of the UEFA Cup on November 7, 1990, they sent Dundee 4-0 from the field.
Ajax Amsterdam beat Vitesse 12-1 on May 22, 1972. It was the highest defeat in the Eredivisie and the highest ever.
- Best placement: 1997/98 (3rd place)
- Longest winning streak: January 8, 1967 to September 17, 1967 (Eerste Divisie)
- Most successful goalscorer for the club: Jan Dommering (155)
- Most goals in one season: Nikos Machlas (34 goals in the Eredivisie, 1997/98)
- Most goals in one game: Nico Westdijk (9 goals on October 19, 1941 against De Treffers in Tweede Klasse C Oost)
- Most hat trick for the club: Jan Dommering (12 pieces)
- Fastest goal for the club: Purrel Fränkel (19 seconds on October 3, 2003 against FC Twente , Eredivisie)
- Most goals scored per season in the Eredivisie: 85 (Eredivisie, 1997/98)
- Fewest goals conceded per season in the Eredivisie: 22 (Eredivisie, 1971/72)
At the beginning of January 2014, the player Dan Mori was refused a visa 24 hours before leaving for the training camp in Abu Dhabi ( United Arab Emirates ) because he is an Israeli citizen. The team's decision to fly anyway was criticized in the Netherlands and by German observers.
Sponsors and outfitters
Previous shirt sponsors
- 1993–1994: Energy saving energy
- 1994–2000: Nuon (energy supplier)
- 2000–2001: Atag (manufacturer of heating systems)
- 2001–2002: without sponsor
- 2002: Hubo & Big Boss (retail chains)
- 2002–2003: Bavaria Malt & SBS 6 (brewery, private television station)
- 2003–2004: Sunweb (tour operator)
- 2004–2009: AFAB (financial service provider)
- 2010–2011 (1): Zuka.nl (Internet search engine for real estate)
- 2010–2011 (2): Spieren voor Spieren (non-profit foundation)
- since 2011: Simpel.nl (mobile operator)
Previous clothing outfitters
- 1993-1997: Umbro
- 1997-1999: Lotto
- 1999-2005: Uhlsport
- 2005-2006: Quick
- 2006-2009: Legea
- 2009–2012: Klupp
- since 2012 Nike
|Paasweide||1894 to 1896||-|
|Klarenbeek||1896 to 1915||10,000|
|Monnikenhuize||1915 to 1950||7,500|
|Nieuw Monnikenhuize||1950 to 1998||between 12,000 and 18,000|
|GelreDome||since 1998||25,500 (21,248 for games from Vitesse)|
Vitesse played for a long time on the “Monnikenhuizen” sports field, named after a former monastery, northeast of the city center.
The club, which was third in the honor division at the time, has had the GelreDome stadium in the newly built district on the south bank of the Rhine since 1998 . This modern stadium, the roof of which can be closed in bad weather, was also used for the 2000 European Football Championship. It holds 25,500 spectators for football matches and is the fourth largest in the Netherlands. For Vitesse games, the space available will be reduced to 21,248 from the 2016/17 season. Of the UEFA it was in the stadium category 4 classified, which means that it is suitable as Endspielort for European competitions. If necessary, the grass pitch can be pushed outside from the inside of the stadium in order to give it optimal care. 49 so-called skyboxes with twelve seats each offer the best comfort. Inside the stadium you can find out about the club's history in the House of History .
On March 25, 1998, after a grand opening ceremony, the new stadium was inaugurated with the league game against NAC Breda (4-1). The Serb Dejan Curović was the first goal scorer after four minutes and 45 seconds to mark a goal in this competition venue. With an average of 26,007, the highest number of spectators attended Vitesse games in 2000/01.
- Dutch Cup Winner : 2017
- Winning the Belgium League Oost : 1897, 1898, 1903, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1953
- Win the Tweede Class Oost: 1923, 1941, 1944, 1946, 1950
- Winning the First Division : 1977, 1989
- Tweede Divisie Win : 1966
Squad of the 2018/19 season
As of December 28, 2018
- Matthew Amoah
- Anthony Annan
- Phillip Cocu
- Wilfried Bony
- Mahamadou Diarra
- Giovanny Espinoza
- Marco van Ginkel
- Raimond van der Gouw
- Willem Hesselink
- Marc van Hintum
- Pierre van Hooijdonk
- Theo Janssen
- Tomáš Kalas
- Danko Lazović
- Nikos Machlas
- Roy Makaay
- Frans de Munck
- Riga Mustapha
- Milot Rashica
- Paolo Rink
- Stijn Schaars
- Dejan Stefanović
- Sander Westerveld
- Simon Cziommer
Vitesse Arnheim had 54 coaches in its club history between 1914 and 2019 (as of August 2019) . Only a few looked after the club for more than two years. The German Heinrich Schwarz holds the record as a coach in Arnhem at the age of nine. The most famous names are Ronald Koeman , Leo Beenhakker , Henk ten Cate , Fred Rutten , Aad de Mos , Peter Bosz , Artur Jorge and Leonid Sluzki . De Munck, Jan Zonnenberg , Edward Sturing and Clemens Westerhof are the only coaches who have looked after the club more than once.
Player of the year
The Vitesse Player of the Year has been honored annually since 1990. The first winner was the record player and future coach of Arnhem Theo Bos . The first foreign professional to receive the award was the Greek Nikos Machlas in 1998 . To date (as of 2014) seven other foreigners have been honored. All other winners were Dutch. In addition, only Piet Velthuizen has so far managed to be elected twice or more times.
The club's youth teams are organized in the Vitesse / AGOVV football academy . In this Vitesse Arnheim stands in cooperation with the AGOVV Apeldoorn . This merger in the youth division of both teams is the first of its kind in Dutch football. It was founded on August 17, 2005. The academy is subject to its own organization and is responsible for itself. There are own club colors and logos. Well-known players who were trained there include:
Even before this merger with Apeldoorn, Vitesse was known for training good players. Over the past few years and decades, the following footballers have played in the youth division for Arnhem:
- Arjan Molenaar / Rien Bor: 111 jaar Vitesse. De sportieve divorced van Vitesse 1892–2003. Self-published, Arnhem 2003, ISBN 90-90-17300-5
- New owner at Vitesse Arnheim from August 16, 2010 on zeit.de
- Vitesse: Transfers 2010/11 on weltfussball.de
- Vitesse: Eredivisie 2010/11 on weltfussball.de
- Arnhem separates from Ferrer , sport1.de from June 23, 2011 (accessed June 23, 2011)
- Begoting Vitesse in 2016 after 50 miljoen from May 25, 2011 on gelderlander.nl (Dutch)
- 'Vitesse nog hoger brengen'
- Alexander Chigirinskiy (50) neemt aandelen Vitesse
- Stefan Giannakoulis: Football club bows to discrimination. www.n-tv.de, January 7, 2014
- Thomas Kirchner: Israeli soccer player Dan Mori: Unfortunately not welcome in the Emirates. www.sueddeutsche.de, January 7, 2014
- FAZ January 7, 2014, page 24: The values of sport (comment by Michael Reinsch)
- Home jersey 1999/00 on ebayimg.com
- Home jersey 1999/00 on ebayimg.com
- omroepgelderland.nl: Vitesse maakt GelreDome in Arnhem 'small' article from April 14, 2016 (Dutch)