Red Bull Arena (Wals-Siezenheim)
|Red Bull Arena|
|The stadium during the 2008 European Championship|
|owner||Stadion-Wals-Salzburg GmbH (SWS)|
|opening||March 8, 2003;
after expansion: July 25, 2007
|First game||SV Austria Salzburg - FC Carinthia (1: 1);|
|Renovations||Reconstruction in summer 2005 and adaptation for the EM 2008 from May 6, 2006 to July 25, 2007|
|costs||A total of around 70 million euros, including around 25 million for the EM adaptation|
|architect||Schuster Architects ( Düsseldorf ), Atelier Albert Wimmer ( Vienna )|
|playing area||105 × 68|
The Red Bull Arena is an Austrian football stadium on the outskirts of Salzburg , in the municipality of Wals-Siezenheim . It is the home stadium of Bundesliga club FC Red Bull Salzburg and holds a total of 30,188 spectators. Until after the European Football Championship in 2008 , when the stadium was one of the four venues in Austria, it was called the EM Stadium in Wals-Siezenheim .
The opening of the arena took place on March 8, 2003, then under the name Wals-Siezenheim Stadium and with a capacity of 18,250 spectators. It was expanded on the occasion of the European Football Championship in 2008. While the Stiegl brewery in Salzburg was the name sponsor of the ÖFB Cup , it was also the venue for the cup final. However, this only actually took place there in the first season after Stiegl joined the company. In the following years the two finalists, who always came from the east of Austria, agreed on a different venue.
The stadium owner is Stadion-Wals-Salzburg GmbH (SWS for short), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Salzburg regional company Land-Invest . The arena is thus indirectly wholly owned by the State of Salzburg . The state also financed a third of the total construction costs of around 70 million euros; the other two thirds were taken over by the federal government and the municipality of Wals-Siezenheim.
On the question whether the existing football stadium built in fief or should be built a new, is said Governor Franz Schausberger with regard to the 2008 European Football Championship clearly for the construction of a new stadium from. In negotiations with Vice Chancellor Susanne Riess-Passer , on January 29, 2002, Schausberger received the approval for a federal grant of a maximum of 8.4 million euros for the new construction of the stadium in Salzburg Wals-Siezenheim. In total, the costs for the Wals-Siezenheim stadium amounted to around 44.5 million euros. Of this, 21.8 million euros were accounted for by the actual stadium, 3.6 million euros for planning costs, 3.6 million euros for infrastructure measures such as parking spaces and traffic development as well as leisure facilities and 15.6 million euros for property costs.
The arena was planned as the successor to the Lehen Stadium , located in the densely built-up urban area , which in the last few years of its existence was only allowed to accommodate 5,300 spectators at international games. Because the local conditions did not allow an expansion or conversion to a modern stadium with sufficient capacity, also with regard to the applications for EM 2004 and EM 2008, and it turned out that no suitable place could be found on urban land, the New building erected just outside the city limits in the immediate vicinity of the western motorway and inaugurated in March 2003. The stadium is located near Kleßheim Palace , but belongs to the village of Rott .
During renovation work in the summer of 2005, two video walls with 42 m² each and a lawn heating system were installed. In September 2005, the standing area for home fans , the south curve , which had already been minimized by the renovation , was completely replaced by seats and the audience capacity was reduced to 16,850 seats. Since January 2006, the south curve has been a standing area again at national games; the capacity is again 18,250 spectators.
At games in international competitions, all standing spaces, including those in the guest fans' sector, were and will be replaced by seats, after which the stadium had a capacity of 16,200 spectators.
Conversion for the EM
For the European Football Championship, the stadium was expanded to the current capacity of almost 32,000 or 29,800 spectators with the exclusive use of seats by adding an upper tier . The expansion work began on May 6, 2006 and was completed in July 2007. The first game in the stadium after the capacity expansion was a friendly between Red Bull Salzburg and Arsenal on July 25, 2007.
Before the EM, however, only a maximum of 6 games were allowed to take place, in which tickets for the newly added upper tier were sold, as there was no operating license for the extended variant to be operated permanently. An exemption was granted for these 6 games and the 3 games at the European Championship. At all other games there was space for 17,895 or 15,800 spectators, depending on whether the fan curves were used as standing or seating stands.
During the European Championship, a natural turf was laid over the artificial turf, which was installed in the arena until summer 2010, and a press stand was set up for around 900 journalists. These two measures were temporary and have been reversed. The press stand was bought by SV Grödig after it was dismantled .
Controversy about the dismantling
The residents around the stadium only agreed to the expansion on the condition that the stadium would be rebuilt to its original capacity after the European Championships (mainly because traffic problems already existed with the original capacity; see below ). After the takeover of Austria Salzburg by Red Bull , however, the number of votes, like the new club management, demanded that this capacity be retained after the European Championship. Some neighbors, especially commercial ones like the Europark , resisted the retention.
In March 2008 it was announced that the expansion work had been carried out in such a way that permanent use with the higher capacity was at least made possible. This increased the cost of the adaptation by 7 million euros, which the Salzburg state government, which is identical to the SWS supervisory board, approved. After the last European Championship games in Salzburg, Governor Gabi Burgstaller publicly announced political will to maintain the capacity, although at that time a decision by the state government for the dismantling was still in place. The traffic concept tried and tested at the EM has proven itself and is a good solution.
At the beginning of February 2009, at the last building negotiations, the maintenance of the new upper tier was officially approved and the written notification was sent to the SWS on February 20th. The Salzburg Construction Technology Act had to be changed for this, as there were not enough parking spaces in the immediate vicinity of the stadium for a permanent operating permit.
As long as no permanent operating permit was available, an individual permit had to be obtained for each use of the upper tier. The fact that no environmental impact assessment was necessary for the permanent approval was clarified by the Salzburg environmental authority through an official assessment procedure in December 2008. If the decision had been positive, the upper tier would have become a "black building" on January 1st, 2009.
The final decision to retain capacity provoked some negative reactions. Christoph Andexlinger, the manager of the Europark, described the neighbors and neighboring businesses as being “betrayed and sold by politics.” And although environmental lawyer Wolfgang Wiener spoke of a “success of the environmental advocacy”, other environmentalists were “appalled”. The decision also caused "outrage among residents and the Salzburg traffic platform."
Marketing the name
Salzburg Sport AG (which has since been converted into Salzburg Sport GmbH ) acquired the right to market the name before Red Bull joined the company. The company, which ran some of Austria Salzburg's business areas, received 80 percent of the resulting income, while the State of Salzburg, as an indirect stadium owner, was entitled to 20 percent. Since Red Bull bought 100 percent of Salzburg Sport AG when it took over the club, Red Bull is also granting the naming rights to itself de jure and only charges a five-figure amount for sponsorship. Consequently, the percentage due to the country is only a few thousand euros. The SWS is therefore negotiating with Red Bull in order to achieve higher income.
The state gave up most of the income to support Austria, which was financially troubled at the time the contract was signed. Because "one of the richest domestic companies" benefits from this regulation after the takeover with Red Bull, this waiver has been described in some media as a "gift" and "indirect subsidy".
The UEFA permitted in their competitions name sponsorship for stadiums only to a very limited framework and called the stadium so simple Stadium Salzburg .
When it opened in 2003, the arena was one of the first top division stadiums in Europe to feature artificial turf . This fact caused discussions, especially in the first few months afterwards, as some Bundesliga clubs feared that they would be at a disadvantage when playing in Salzburg compared to the home team, which is used to artificial turf.
Since UEFA was promoting the testing of the artificial underground in Salzburg at the time, but did not allow it in international competitions, Salzburg Austria had to play its two home games in the 2003/04 UEFA Cup in the Linz stadium . In the 2006/07 season, the next with the Salzburg European Cup participation, this restriction no longer existed. Since then, Red Bull Salzburg has been able to play international matches in the European Championship stadium.
The international matches of the Austrian national team did not take place in the arena until September 2010. Although international matches are now generally allowed to take place on artificial turf, the ÖFB only allows home games to be played on natural turf. This was most recently confirmed on June 9, 2009 at a meeting of the executive committee.
In the summer of 2010, after the 2009/10 season , the stadium was given a natural turf and an international match between Austria and Kazakhstan was played in the arena on September 7, 2010; the Austrian team won 2-0. Furthermore, a test against Greece was lost 2-0 in the summer of 2013.
The stadium can be reached by car via the Westautobahn and with the city bus routes 1 (from Salzburg main station , center) and 28 (from center), which are more frequent on match days. In June 2006, the Salzburg S-Bahn gave it a more efficient and faster connection to local public transport with the Salzburg Taxham Europark stop . The journey time from Salzburg main station is less than ten minutes. In the final stage, the stadium will be directly accessible from the directions of Straßwalchen , Golling and Freilassing .
Another way to reach the stadium is to use the parking spaces at the Salzburg exhibition grounds or the Designer Outlet Salzburg. From there, shuttle buses go directly to the stadium, especially since the match ticket is also valid as a ticket for public transport.
The traffic situation is very tense when the games are well attended and causes wild parking for the surrounding companies and in the residential areas. The feeder roads are also heavily congested on match days; This is one of the reasons why we recommend using public transport.
- Information from the State of Salzburg on the stadium
- Red Bull Salzburg website with information about the stadium
- Entry in the Salzburgwiki about the Red Bull Arena
- Article about the traffic situation ( memento from December 10, 2009 on WebCite ) from the Salzburg window 43/2009
- RED BULL ARENA SALZBURG on redbullsalzburg.at, accessed September 21, 2016
- Red Bull Salzburg Arena. In: Homepage of the Salzburg Stadium. SWS, accessed June 3, 2017 .
- Information from the Red Bull Salzburg website
- General planner of the Salzburg stadium. (No longer available online.) In: Homepage of the Salzburg Stadium. SWS, archived from the original on April 12, 2010 ; Retrieved on August 15, 2008 : “The order for the planning was awarded to: ARGE Stadion Salzburg Schuster Architekten Architekten DI Albert Wimmer” Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Federal grant for the Wals-Siezenheim stadium fixed. Riess-Passer: An important step in promoting top-class football Schausberger: impulses for families and recreational athletes. Salzburg state correspondence. January 29, 2002. http://service.salzburg.gv.at/lkorrj/Index?cmd=detail_ind&nachrid=27038
- SV Grödig buys grandstand from the EM stadium. In: salzburg.ORF.at. September 8, 2008, accessed on December 10, 2009 : "The first division club SV Scholz Grödig has now finally bought the press stand from the EM stadium in Wals-Kleßheim."
- Resistance to stadium approval. In: salzburg.ORF.at. September 3, 2008, accessed September 4, 2008 .
- R. Redtenbacher: Increase "permanent" . In: Kronen Zeitung , Salzburg edition . March 4, 2008, p. 33 .
- Heinz Bayer: No dismantling of the EM stadium . In: Local section of the Salzburger Nachrichten . February 12, 2009, p. 1 to 3 .
- Eva Stanzl: The stadiums are being returned. In: Wiener Zeitung. June 20, 2008, archived from the original on December 10, 2009 ; Retrieved December 10, 2009 .
- Bullen Arena remains large. (No longer available online.) In: OÖ Online. June 20, 2008, formerly in the original ; retrieved on July 25, 2008 : “'It would be a coup d'état if the stadium were to be dismantled,' says Salzburg Governor Gabi Burgstaller. [...] 'We have found a good transport solution for the stadium', says Burgstaller. "
- Football: Salzburg Stadium will not be dismantled. In: diepresse.com. February 18, 2009. Retrieved June 20, 2009 .
- Expanded football arena before approval. In: salzburg.ORF.at. September 2, 2008, accessed on September 3, 2008 : “However, a change in the law in the state parliament - specifically for the stadium - is necessary. It's about the Salzburg Construction Technology Act. This also stipulates parking spaces for large buildings - and a sufficient number, depending on the size and purpose of the building. These parking spaces must be located at least within 300 meters of the building. Without parking there is no permit, according to the previous law. [...] Then there should be a final, permanent approval for the stadium that has not been dismantled. Until then, each use of the upper tier must continue to be approved individually. "
- Large stadium in Kleßheim: Now comes approval! In: Kronen Zeitung , Salzburg edition . January 7, 2009.
- Raphael Pikisch: Dispute over bull arena. In: sportnet.at. January 9, 2009, accessed on January 11, 2009 : “No environmental impact assessment (EIA) is necessary to ensure that the Bullen Arena will continue to offer space for 30,000 spectators. This was decided by the competent authority of the State of Salzburg on December 18, 2008 - just in time before the permit would have expired on January 1. If an EIA had been necessary according to the authority, the upper tier would have been considered 'black building' on New Year's Day. "
- Stadium: Will special building become black building? In: salzburg.ORF.at. October 2, 2008, accessed October 2, 2008 .
- Georg Schinwald: Fans want to be in the upper tier. (No longer available online.) In: Salzburger Nachrichten. June 24, 2008, archived from the original on May 24, 2016 ; Retrieved on August 15, 2008 : “The State of Salzburg is paying for the assignment of the naming rights to the tenant Red Bull. 'It is agreed that we collect 20 percent of the marketing rights,' said stadium manager Denk. How high they are is still being heavily negotiated. ” Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- EM stadium becomes "Bullen Arena". In: oe24.at. Accessed on August 15, 2008 : “When the beverage manufacturer took over Salzburger Austria in 2005, it also acquired the right to assign the stadium name. Unsurprisingly, he now grants himself the name right. Internally, the football department charges the parent company a five-digit amount per year, reports an insider. As the owner, the land is entitled to 20 percent of this sum. That leaves a symbolic amount of a few thousand euros. [SWS managing director] Denk speaks to AUSTRIA about ongoing negotiations. "
- Stadium becomes "Red Bull Arena". In: salzburg.ORF.at. June 24, 2008, accessed on September 4, 2008 : “The state of Salzburg is giving away several million euros to one of the richest domestic companies, Red Bull. […] The million-dollar gift is based on an old contract [sic!] With Rudi Quehenberger and was originally supposed to save the financially troubled Austria. "
- Brenner defends tax money for Red Bull. In: salzburg.ORF.at. June 25, 2008, accessed on September 4, 2008 : “[Deputy Governor] Brenner : 'At that time Austria was in financial difficulties. The decision was made at the time to give the football club additional income. That is why this right has now passed to Red Bull because the contract still exists. '"
- See UEFA match reports, for example:  .
- First League grows to 16 clubs. In: salzburg.com. June 10, 2009, archived from the original on December 10, 2009 ; accessed on December 10, 2009 : "On the fringes of these discussions about league reforms, a decision was made that was not very positive for Salzburg: In the bull arena there will be no international matches on artificial turf in the future either."
- Brigitte Gappmair: Park chaos at the stadium: Land now wants to take tough action . In: Salzburg Window . No. 43 . Salzburg 2009.