|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Salzburg area|
|License plate :||SL|
|Main town :||Straßwalchen|
|Residents :||7,628 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||5204|
|Area code :||06215|
|Community code :||5 03 35|
|Address of the
|Mayoress :||Tanja Kreer ( SPÖ )|
Municipal Council : (2019)
|Location of Straßwalchen in the Salzburg-Umgebung district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
The community is located 25 kilometers northeast of Salzburg . It forms a bulge of the Flachgau and is almost completely enclosed by Upper Austria.
It includes the gate landscape on the northern edge of the Alps, which stretches between the Mondsee Flysch Mountains of the Salzkammergut Mountains and the Hausruck and Kobernaußerwald range in the foothills of the Alps to the north , and the Salzburg lake area in the west with the Vöckla-Ager valleys in the east also connects the Mondseeland in the south with the Mattig valley in the north.
The majority of the municipality extends in the catchment area of the Mattig , which goes to the Inn near Braunau , and is a valley that is formed by the Hainbach . The highest elevation in the municipality is the Irrsberg in the south, the last branch of the Kolomannsberg . The community extends westwards to the foot of the Tannberg ( ). Between Steindorf and Neumarkt lies the valley watershed to Wallersee , which drains over the Fischach below Salzburg to the Salzach . In the southeast lies the Kogler Berg ( ), a fringe mountain of the group around Mondseeberg and Saurüssel between Mondsee and Attersee . Between Irrsberg and Koglerberg, near Oberhofen, lies the valley watershed, which leads to the Irrsee catchment area , and thus to the Ager zur Traun .
To the north, the community extends to the Krenwald (up to ), a foothill of the Kobernaußerwald , which separates the Straßwalchen landscape from that of the upper Schwemmbach . The Lengau valley extends between Krenwald and Tannberg . Between Kogler Berg and Krenwald there is an arched ridge, the Hochfeld (around ). Behind it, the municipality extends to the upper Vöckla , another tributary of the Traun, which goes to the Ager at Vöcklabruck . Between the high field near Watzlberg and the Krenwald there is also another stream to Vöckla, the Kirchhamer Bach .
This means that Straßwalchen stretches between four larger river basins, the area of which between Salzburg - Braunau - Vöcklabruck - Unterach am Attersee is about 60 kilometers east-west and north-south. Both axes are also important long-distance connections, namely the one along the edge of the Alps to Vienna, and the one between Germany and the Salzkammergut and further into Styria. That explains the importance of Straßwalchen as a transport hub.
The municipality includes the following 43 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Aigelsbrunn (98)
- Angern (16)
- Extraroid (31)
- Baierham (18)
- Baumbach (28)
- Bodenberg (23)
- Bruckmoos (24)
- Well (54)
- Corner (41)
- Garden (55)
- Fißlthal (54)
- Hair polishes (34)
- Haidach (88)
- Haselreith (6)
- Haslach (12)
- High field (40)
- Wooden field (38)
- Huettenedt (70)
- Innerroid (45)
- Irrsdorf (1092)
- Huntingroid (9)
- Hunting lift (46)
- Latin (81)
- Neuhofen (84)
- Oberholz (12)
- Pfenninglanden (32)
- Pölzleiten (17)
- Rat Seed (47)
- Reitzing (40)
- Rilling (15)
- Roidwalchen (92)
- Jerking (160)
- Schwandt (26)
- Stadlberg (74)
- Steindorf (730)
- Stockham (71)
- Straßwalchen ( main town, 3907)
- Taigen (12)
- Voglhub (66)
- Watzlberg (144)
- Winkl (47)
- Vintnerroid (19)
- Zagling (30)
Straßwalchen is part of the judicial district of Neumarkt near Salzburg .
The area around Straßwalchen was probably settled as early as the Neolithic Age, as the discovery of a hatchet suggests. Settlement can also be proven on the basis of finds from the Bronze Age and Roman times . In the middle of the 6th century the Bavarians took the land , to whom Straßwalchen probably owes its name. These called Romans or Romanized peoples as Walchen . On April 11, 799 it was first mentioned as strazzuualaha .
In 1243 the rule of Straßwalchen came to the diocese of Passau . In 1286 the toll station in Straßwalchen, which had previously belonged to the Wildenegg rulership , came to the Duchy of Bavaria , which became the cause of many disputes over the centuries. The Archbishopric Salzburg acquired the dominion of Mattsee with Straßwalchen and the Hochfeld court from the Passau bishopric in 1390 . Straßwalchen received in 1462 from Archbishop Burkhard III. Weißpriach of the market rights granted, the neck or criminal court remained in Bavaria. In 1576 the Archbishopric of Salzburg had a high court (gallows) built in Straßwalchen for the first time, and the dispute with Bavaria escalated several times. In 1759, those arrested were even freed from prison by regular Bavarian troops.
With the end of the archbishopric, Straßwalchen came completely under Bavarian rule between 1806 and 1810, then the place with the Salzburger Land finally came to Austria, at that time the Salzach district of Austria ob der Enns . In 1850 the market and rural community of Straßwalchen were amalgamated. With the opening of the Empress Elisabeth Railway in 1860, Straßwalchen was connected to the railway network. In 1914 the market was electrified.
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the municipality is described :
- " A black right sloping bar in silver , covered with four silver horseshoe steps , each accompanied by three silver pebbles in an alternating arrangement ."
This coat of arms expresses the central traffic situation of Straßwalchen at the intersection of two important and ancient trade routes.
The community council has a total of 25 members.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2004, the municipal council had the following distribution: 15 ÖVP, 8 SPÖ, and 2 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2009 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 13 ÖVP, 7 SPÖ, 3 FPÖ, and 2 FWS.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2014 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 11 ÖVP, 6 List Straßwalchen, 5 SPÖ, 2 FPÖ, and 1 Greens.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2019 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 9 ÖVP, 8 SPÖ, 6 List Straßwalchen, and 2 FPÖ.
- 1968–1982 Richard Schaurecker (ÖVP)
- 1982–1989 Friedrich Gugg (ÖVP)
- 1989–1999 Herbert Holzinger (ÖVP)
- 1999–2019 Friedrich Kreil (ÖVP)
- since 2019 Tanja Kreer (SPÖ)
Capital of the municipality
Straßwalchen ( capital of a market town )
cadastral community Straßwalchen market
|Pole. District , state||Salzburg area (SL), Salzburg|
|Pole. local community||Straßwalchen|
|Residents of the village||3907 (January 1, 2020)|
|Building status||787 (2001)|
|Area d. KG||6.1 km²|
|Cadastral parish number||56319|
|Counting district / district||Straßwalchen-Zentrum, Zentrum-Umgebung-Nord, Zentrum-Umgebung-Süd (50335 000, 003, 004)|
|Source: STAT : index of places ; BEV : GEONAM ; SAGIS|
The place is a good four kilometers northeast of Neumarkt , about in the center of the municipality. He is at around Height a little northwest of the Irrsberg . Here the Hainbach , which rises to the east on the Hochfeld, runs north and takes in the Pfongauer Bach , which drains the Sommerholzer Sattel to the west past the Irrsberg .
Straßwalchen was originally a small church and street village with a historic town center and today has over 3000 inhabitants.
The local area also includes the localities on the B 1 to Steindorf (including the driving safety center) and also Holzfeld in the west, on Braunauer Straße B 147 to the Krenwald in the north, Baierleiten and the Riemerhofsiedlung east of the B 1, as well as the houses on Mondsee Straße B 154 up to and including Thalham in the southeast, the latter village is almost completely overgrown with Straßwalchen. This village of Straßwalchen has around 900 buildings with around 3500 inhabitants.
The slightly larger cadastral community of Straßwalchen Markt with 610 hectares also includes the towns of Latin in the north and of Haidach the houses on the B 147, as well as areas up to the Irrsberg summit.
Statistically, the village is divided into Straßwalchen-Zentrum for the core town (000, within the local area; 2015: 575 inhabitants), and Zentrum-Umgebung-Nord (003; 2015: 1,179 inhabitants) and Zentrum-Umgebung-Süd (004; 2015: 1603 inhabitants) for the respective peripheral locations and places belonging to the village. Overall, the village comprises almost half of the community's population.
Straßwalchen Land (KG)
- Established businesses
The Lagermax company maintains a very large distribution warehouse for new vehicles here. Despite having its own, well-used siding, a large number of journeys on the road through the town center towards the motorway are necessary.
Culture and sights
- Catholic parish church of Straßwalchen hl. Martin with a listed rectory and farm building
- Nursing court in Straßwalchen : The court was withdrawn from the Neumarkt judicial district in 1801 and has belonged to the Neumarkt judicial district ever since
- Schanze am Kirchhügel : Remains of the originally medieval fortifications built around the town during the Thirty Years War
In the other localities of the municipality:
- Catholic branch church Irrsdorf Mariä Himmelfahrt
- Road: Wiener Straße B 1 Salzburg - Linz - Vienna , Austria's old east-west axis, runs near Straßwalchen . This previously went directly through the town; in 2014, the Straßwalchen bypass was opened, which passes the town to the north and thus relieves traffic. This is around 25,000 vehicles a day and led to regular traffic jams during business hours. Braunauer Straße B 147 Mattighofen - Braunau , the important Oberinnviertel connection, runs north . It is directly connected to the bypass. The Mondsee Straße B 154 Zell am Moos - Mondsee - Sankt Gilgen am Wolfgangsee , the route into the Salzkammergut , leads south . It branches off in place.
- Train: Straßwalchen is located on the Westbahn and has two train stations and one train stop. Coming from Salzburg after Steindorf station , the non-electrified, single-track Mattigtalbahn branches off from the Westbahn to Braunau. In the direction of Linz is the Straßwalchen train station in Thalham , which is also the terminus of the S2 of the Salzburg S-Bahn . In the direction of Braunau, the Straßwalchen West stop was opened near the center of Straßwalchen. The stations are stops for all local trains that serve the respective route. Long-distance traffic stop no longer exists since the 2014 timetable change.
Straßwalchen has three elementary schools and one ÖKO secondary school . Salzburg's largest solar collector system is located on the south wall of this secondary school . The old main school building was renovated and since then an upper secondary school has been located in it.
- Josef Mayburger (1814–1908), painter
- Friedrich Gugg (1896–1977), politician ( CSP )
- Ferdinand Klostermann (1907–1982), theologian
- Karl Merkatz (* 1930), actor, lives in Irrsdorf
- Ludwig Paischer (* 1981), judoka
- Community website
- 50335 - Straßwalchen. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Entry on Straßwalchen in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Straßwalchen . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Richard Schaurecker . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Friedrich Gugg junior . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Herbert Holzinger . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Friedrich Kreil . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Statistics Austria: Register census from October 31, 2011, population by locality (PDF).
- The boundaries of the census clusters coincide roughly with the cadastral communities, and only roughly with the town limits. According to the 2001 local directory of Statistics Austria, two houses belong to the Irrsdorfer census district Straßwalchen-Innen-Ost (005), conversely, nine houses in the village Irrsdorf belong to the census district 003; the Salzburger Landesserver SAGIS gives town limits that do not quite correspond to the 2001 list of places, so the perennial that has grown together with Thalheim and Straßwalchen is recorded near Straßwalchen.