Oberndorf near Salzburg
Oberndorf near Salzburg
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Salzburg area|
|License plate :||SL|
|Residents :||5,804 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||5110|
|Area code :||06272|
|Community code :||5 03 26|
|UN / LOCODE||AT OBR|
|Address of the
5110 Oberndorf near Salzburg
|Mayor :||Georg Djundja ( SPÖ )|
Municipal Council : (2019)
|Location of Oberndorf near Salzburg in the Salzburg-Umgebung district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Oberndorf bei Salzburg is a city in Austria with 5804 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020). It is located in the north of the federal state of Salzburg on the right bank of the Salzach opposite the Bavarian border town of Laufen . The Christmas carol Silent Night, Holy Night, was performed for the first time in Oberndorf in 1818 .
The city of Oberndorf near Salzburg is located on the right bank of the Salzach about 17 km north of the city of Salzburg in Flachgau on the border with Bavaria . It extends from west to east about 2.2 km and from north to south about 3.3 km; the urban area covers 4.54 km². The community is part of the judicial district of Oberndorf .
- Community structure
The municipality includes the following two localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Haidenöster (24)
- Oberndorf near Salzburg (5780) including Altach, Bichlhaiden, Gastag, Kreuzerleiten, Lindach, Mayrhof, Wimm and Ziegelhaiden
The community consists of the cadastral community Oberndorf.
- Neighboring communities
|Sankt Georgen near Salzburg||Lamprechtshausen||Göming|
|To run||Nussdorf am Haunsberg||Nussdorf am Haunsberg|
The border to Nussdorf am Haunsberg is almost entirely formed by the Oichten (also: Oichtenbach) and the border to Laufen is also the state border in the middle of the Salzach.
As a suburb of the city of Laufen on the left bank of the river, Oberndorf originally belonged to the Salzburggau of the Duchy of Baiern. The Salzburg archbishops were able to acquire the area of the later Rupertiwinkel in the 13th century . In 1275, Salzburg's western border with the Chiemgau was confirmed by the Landshut Duke Heinrich . This marked the beginning of the separation of the state of Salzburg from the motherland of Bavaria. In 1328, Salzburg had become a largely independent state through the enactment of its own regional order. With the Treaty of Munich in 1816, Laufen and the Rupertiwinkel were separated from Salzburg and Bavaria was added, Oberndorf became Austrian and thus a border town between the Kingdom of Bavaria and Austria, while Laufen remained in the Salzach district of the Kingdom of Bavaria (dissolved in 1817) .
In the 19th century, due to the construction of the railway, shipping on the Salzach , which had been important for the salt trade, continued to decline. The last salt transport took place in 1871.
Until the end of the 19th century, the place consisted of a few houses at the bend of the Salzach, where the Alte Landstrasse meets the Schöffleutgasse today, as well as a few houses further downstream along today's Uferstrasse. Since at least 1278 there has been a wooden Joch bridge over the Salzach roughly where the Europasteg is today . It connected the city mountain and the lower city gate in Laufen with the foot of the Kalvarienberg in Oberndorf. Over the centuries, Laufen and, above all, the low-lying Oberndorf, repeatedly suffered from floods that damaged or completely destroyed the bridge, for example in the years 1314, 1508, 1567, 1598, 1786 and 1787. In August 1896, an unusually high one cracked Flood back part of the bridge. While the plans for a higher iron arch bridge were still being planned, a flood occurred on July 31 and August 1, 1897, which exceeded the last one by a meter and not only tore away the temporarily repaired wooden bridge, but also the previous plans for the made the new bridge obsolete. It was finally agreed to build an even higher bridge when the floods of September 13th and 14th, 1899 exceeded all previously registered trademarks and also made the last plans for a higher bridge to make waste. This flood exceeded the access roads to the previous bridge by two to three meters and damaged or destroyed almost all buildings in Oberndorf, including the late Baroque St. Nicholas Church.
It was therefore decided to build a bridge at the current location, an idea that had previously failed due to resistance from both communities. The terrain there was high enough so that the access roads could also be constructed without flooding. In the course of the construction of the new bridge, the previous Oberndorf was largely abandoned and demolished and a new location with a new church was built at the new bridge.
In April 2001 the Oberndorf market was raised to the status of a town.
For the common history of Laufen and Oberndorf from early history to 1816 and for salt shipping, see History of Laufen .
coat of arms
Blazon : In the divided coat of arms , a silver church with unexposed windows and the tower to the right is placed above in black with small sprinkled gold stars on a flat silver mountain of three ; below in the blue and white field, which is divided by a wave cut , a diagonally red and white striped rowboat with a salt load concealed by a tarpaulin and led by five rowers and a helmsman in costume.
Symbolism: The rowing boat represents a salt ship. The five rowers are characterized by their costumes and their high black hats as 'lay judges'.
The community council has a total of 25 members.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2004, the municipal council had the following distribution: 9 SPÖ, 8 ÖVP, 4 NOW new Oberndorfer voter community, 3 Greens, and 1 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2009 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 12 SPÖ, 6 ÖVP, 3 NOW, 2 Greens, and 2 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2014 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 11 SPÖ, 8 ÖVP, 3 NOW, 2 Greens, and 1 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg 2019 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 11 SPÖ, 9 ÖVP, 2 Greens, 2 NOW, and 1 FPÖ.
- 1967–1992 Raimund Traintinger (ÖVP)
- 1992–2004 Andreas Kinzl (ÖVP)
- 2004–2019 Peter Schröder (SPÖ)
- 2019– Georg Djundja (SPÖ)
Culture and sport
Silent Night Holy Night
In Oberndorf in 1818 the Christmas carol Silent Night, Holy Night was performed publicly for the first time by the vicar Joseph Mohr (lyrics) and by the teacher Franz Xaver Gruber (melody), who worked in Arnsdorf , in the old parish church of St. Nikolai . The Silent Night Chapel has stood there since 1937 . The Silent Night Museum is in the immediate vicinity. Every year on December 24th there is a Christmas celebration at the chapel.
With the Mohr-Gruber memorial there is a memorial for the creators of the song in front of the current parish church.
The German-Austrian television film Das Ewige Lied (1997) about Pastor Joseph Mohr is set in Oberndorf around 1818.
In 2018 the Christmas carol and its message were the subject of a state exhibition at which Oberndorf was one of several exhibition locations.
- Catholic parish church Oberndorf near Salzburg hl. Nicholas
- Pilgrimage Church Maria Bühel : The two-tower pilgrimage church Maria Bühel, located above the Salzach in the north-west of Oberndorf, was built between 1663 and 1677. It is splendidly decorated with votive tablets, statues by the local sculptor Josef Anton Pfaffinger and paintings by the imperial court painter Johann Michael Rottmayr, who was born in Laufen .
- Salzach Bridge (Laufen – Oberndorf) : The Salzach Bridge to Laufen , a magnificent structure made of stone pillars and an Art Nouveau iron construction with artistic decorations, was built from 1901 to 1903. In 2003, on the occasion of its centenary, a German-Austrian community special stamp was dedicated to it. The bridge is a listed building and was last restored between 2005 and 2007.
- Calvary with Nepomuk monument
Cultural groups and associations
- Liedertafel Oberndorf:
- The Liedertafel Oberndorf was founded in 1878 as a male choir and continued as a mixed choir after the first year. In 1951, the members launched the memorial service at the Silent Night Chapel in honor of the creators of the Christmas carol, which still exists today. In 2018 the Liedertafel celebrated its 140th anniversary. The repertoire of the 43-member choir includes folk songs , musicals , hits , gospel and sacred hymns as well as classical songs . As regular performances there is an annual summer concert, an Advent concert in the pilgrimage church Maria Bühel, performances at the Christmas market and at Christmas at the memorial service on December 24th at the Silent Night Chapel (with a performance of the original version of Silent Night, Holy Night ) and at the Stefani mass on December 26th in the parish church.
- City chapel Oberndorf
- Triangle choir
- Theater and culture association Oberndorf
- Freiraum Oberndorf - theater , stage and event location
- Schiffertheater Laufen
There are club sports in Oberndorf
- ice Hockey
- Ice stock sport
- Free climbing
- Nordic walking
- Tae Kwon Do
- Table tennis
- do gymnastics
By public transport, Oberndorf can be reached from Salzburg with line 1 of the Salzburg S-Bahn every half hour, sometimes every quarter of an hour in around 25 minutes. Oberndorf can also be reached by post buses .
Oberndorf is located on Lamprechtshausener Straße (B 156), which today, as a bypass road, only passes the city on the edge. The feeder road from this is the only 2.2 km long B 156a, which crosses the south of the city as Salzburger Straße and ends at the Salzach Bridge to Laufen.
In 2007 a new crossing of the river for pedestrians and cyclists was opened with the Europasteg , which connects Oberndorf and Laufen at the site of an earlier bridge. The pilots of this are still standing today .
- Retirement home
- Stadthalle (multi-purpose hall) for concerts and sporting events
- youth Center
- three kindergartens
- Elementary school
- secondary schools
- Polytechnic school
- Special education center
- Commercial Academy (HAK)
- Business School (HASCH)
- Federal Upper Level Realgymnasium (BORG)
- Sons and daughters of the church
- Josef Fleischmann (1867–1925), draftsman and lithographer
- Alfred Poell (painter) (1867–1929), gynecologist
- Michael Gundringer (1876–1957), local researcher, theater writer and local poet
- Leopold Kohr (1909–1994), alternative Nobel Prize laureate, philosopher, economist, lawyer, political scientist
- Ernst Märzendorfer (1921–2009), conductor, composer and music researcher
- Johann Werner Mödlhammer (1932–2017), theologian
- Josef Alois Standl (* 1945), journalist and publicist
- Franz Scharl (* 1958), Auxiliary Bishop of the Archdiocese of Vienna
- Hermann Stadler (* 1961), soccer player and soccer coach
- Gerald Baumgartner (* 1964), soccer player and soccer coach
- Georg Strack (* 1977), historian
- Wolfgang Mayer (* 1978), politician, member of the Salzburg state parliament
- Barbara Sieberth (* 1978), politician (Greens)
- Florian Wenninger (* 1978), historian and political scientist
- Stefan Fent (* 1980), actor, author, director and musician
- Tim Koller (* 1981), actor
- Dieter Muckenhammer (* 1981), soccer referee
- Ludwig Paischer (* 1981), judoka
- Helena Adler , (* 1983), writer
- Lukas Kletzander (* 1987), jazz pianist and composer
- Nicolas Reissig (* 1989), tennis player
- Dominik Kraihamer (* 1989), racing car driver
- Gerald Weilbuchner (* 1990), politician (ÖVP)
- Liliane Zillner (* 1994), actress
- Constantin Reiner (* 1997), soccer player
- People related to the community
- Axel Corti (1933–1993), director, died in Oberndorf
- Benita Ferrero-Waldner (* 1948), diplomat and politician ( ÖVP ), grew up in Oberndorf
- Franz Xaver Gruber (1787–1863), organist and teacher, worked in Oberndorf from around 1807 to 1827
- Joseph Mohr (1792–1848), pastor and poet, worked in Oberndorf from 1817 to 1819
- Heinz Dopsch (Ed.): 1250 years of history, economy and culture on both banks of the Salzach . Self-published by the city of Laufen and the market town of Oberndorf 1998, ISBN 3-00-003359-9 .
- Herbert Lämmermeyer: Oberndorf photographed. From the market to city law . Verlag Stadtgemeinde Oberndorf, ISBN 3-200-00190-9 .
- Community website
- Silent Night Oberndorf
- 50326 - Oberndorf near Salzburg. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Oberndorf near Salzburg . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Plate 12: Site plan. In: Karl Haberkalt: The bridging of the Salzach between Oberndorf and Laufen. In: Allgemeine Bauzeitung, 1902, p. 17 (online at ANNO )
- Seethaler: Description of the city and regional court running. 1802, quoted from Karl Haberkalt: The bridging of the Salzach between Oberndorf and Laufen. : Allgemeine Bauzeitung , year 1902, p. 17 (online at ANNO ).
- Stadtpfarre St. Nikolaus Oberndorf near Salzburg - The late baroque Nikolauskirche ( Memento of the original from January 16, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Municipal council on March 10, 2019 according to mandates
- Raimund Traintinger . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Andreas Kinzl . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Theater and Culture Association (t) Oberndorf | where culture is lived! In: Kulturverein-oberndorf.at. Retrieved February 18, 2020 .
- Oberndorf open space. In: facebook.com. Retrieved February 18, 2020 .