The Salzachkreis with the capital Burghausen was one of the districts ( administrative district ) of the Kingdom of Bavaria and, in addition to today's southeast Upper Bavaria, from 1810 also included the Duchy of Salzburg, which was occupied by the French during the Napoleonic Wars and transferred to Bavaria in the Treaty of Paris (the former prince-archbishop's Salzburg region ) , the court Kitzbühel (Tyrol), and the southern Innviertel , including parts of the Salzkammergut .
By assignment to the Empire of Austria was after the Congress of Vienna in what is now the province of Salzburg in 1816 as Salzach circuit (Upper Austria) Crown land to Austria on the Enns , connected (now Upper Austria) by the to taken under Bavarian crew Innkreis (now Innviertel) has been restored. The Bavarian Salzachkreis, which only contained residual areas, was dissolved in 1817.
In 1808 the Kingdom of Bavaria was divided into 15 (state) districts, the names of which - following the French model - were based on rivers: Mainkreis ( Bamberg ), Pegnitzkreis ( Nuremberg ), Rezatkreis ( Ansbach ), Nabkreis ( Amberg ), Regenkreis ( Regensburg) and Straubing ), Altmühlkreis ( Eichstätt ), Oberdonaukreis ( Ulm ), Lechkreis ( Augsburg ), Isarkreis ( Munich ), Salzachkreis (Burghausen), Unterdonaukreis ( Passau ), Illerkreis ( Kempten with Vorarlberg ), Innkreis ( Innsbruck ), Eisackkreis ( Brixen and Bolzano ) and Etschkreis ( Trient ). This was determined by a very high ordinance for the territorial division of the kingdom of June 21, 1808.
In 1810 it was enlarged considerably towards the southeast (Salzburger Land), and Salzburg became the seat of the General Commissariat. The Salzachkreis reached in the north to Braunau am Inn , Altheim and Ried and further to Haag am Hausruck and Grieskirchen . In the east to Schwanenstadt , Vöcklabruck and the Attersee . In the west belonged to the Salzachkreis Altötting , the east bank of the Chiemsee , and in the southeast the district court Kitzbühel (in today's Tyrol).
Governor General for the newly acquired areas of the Inn and Salzach districts was Ludwig von Bayern, later King Ludwig I , General District Commissioner , previously court commissioner for the preparation of the assumption of office was Carl Graf von Preysing , government director (office director) was Arnold von Mieg . This administration was in office September 30, 1810 - May 1, 1816.
The Bavarian part of the Salzach district was considerably reduced in size from 1816 onwards by being ceded to Austria and finally dissolved in 1817. Some regional courts came to the Isarkkreis and some to the Unterdonaukreis . The Austrian part came to the crown land of Austria ob der Enns as Salzburgkreis and became its own crown land in 1849.
Cities in the immediate vicinity of the district
Burghausen and Salzburg were urban districts from 1811 to 1816 .
Bavarian regional courts were:
Abtenau (1811–1816) - Altötting (from 1810) - Berchtesgaden (from 1811) - Braunau (1810–1816) - Burghausen - Eggenfelden - Emsburg (1816) - Frankenmarkt (1810–1816) - Gastein (1811–1816) - Grieskirchen (1810–1816) - Haag (1810–1816) - Hallein (1810–1816) - Hopfgarten (1811–1816) - Kitzbühel (1810–1814) - Laufen (from 1810) - Mattighofen (1810–1816) - Mauerkirchen (1810 –1816) - Mautendorf (1811) - Mittersill (1811–1816) - Mondsee (1814–1816) - Mühldorf (until 1810) - Neumarkt am Wallersee (1810–1816) - Radstadt (1811–1816) - Reichenhall - Ried (1810 –1816) - Rosenheim (until 1810) - Saalfelden (1811–1816) - Salzburg (1811–1816) - Sankt Johann (1811–1816) - Sankt Michael (1811–1816) - Simbach (until 1810 and from 1816) - Tamsweg (1811–1816) - Taxenbach (1811–1816) - Teisendorf (1811–1816) - Thalgau (1811–1816) - Tittmoning (1811–1816) - Traunstein - Trostberg (until 1810) - Vilsbiburg (until 1810) - Vöcklabruck ( 1810–1816) - Wasserburg (until 1810) - Werfen (1811–1816) - Zell am See (1811–1816) - Zell am Zil ler (1814-1816)
- Richard Bauer, Reinhard Heydenreuter, Gerhard Heyl, Emma Mages, Max Piendl, August Scherl, Bernhard Zettel (authors): Handbook of the Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . Ed .: Wilhelm Volkert . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 .
- F. Koller, H. Rumschöttel (Ed.): From the Salzachkreis to the EuRegio, Bavaria and Salzburg in the 19th and 20th centuries. General Directorate of the Bavarian State Archives / Salzburg State Archives 2006. ISBN 3-921635-98-5
- Heinz Dopsch: A Brief History of Salzburg - City and Country. Anton Pustet Salzburg 2001. ISBN 3-7025-0441-9
- Crossing borders - Bavaria and Salzburg 1810 to 2010. Double exhibition Salzburg and Laufen from June 11 to October 31, 2010. Salzburg Museum, 2010, accessed on October 10, 2011 .
- Königlich-Baierisches Regierungsblatt , Munich 1808, column 1481–1502. On-line
- Crown Prince Ludwig August of Bavaria - Governor General of the Inn and Salzach districts. Catalog entry on: Crossing borders - Bavaria and Salzburg 1810 to 2010 . Double exhibition Salzburg and Laufen from June 11 to October 31, 2010, Salzburg department under Bavarian rule 1810 to 1816 . (No longer available online.) Salzburg Museum, 2010, archived from the original on February 4, 2014 ; Retrieved October 10, 2011 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Carl Graf von Preysing . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Thomas Brechenmacher: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 17, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-428-00198-2 , p. 470 f. ( ). In: